- Roman Cithara in transition, of the Lycian Apollo (Rome Mus.
PANDARUS, in Greek legend, son of Lycaon, a Lycian, one of the heroes of the Trojan war.
PATARA, an ancient town of Asia Minor, on the Lycian coast, 3 m.
The chief towns on the coast are: Olbia, the first town in Pamphylia, near the Lycian frontier; Attalia; and Side (q.v.).
Lycian art was modelled on that of the Greeks.
SARPEDON, in Greek legend, son of Zeus and Laodameia, Lycian prince and hero of the Trojan war.
This is equally true both of the pictographic and the linear Aegean systems. Its nearest affinities are with the "Asianic" scripts, preserved to us by Hittite, Cypriote and south-west Anatolian (Pamphylian, Lycian and Carian) inscriptions.
For these races respectively DOrpfeld suggests the names "Lycian" and "Carian," the latter coming in from the north Aegean, where Greek tradition remembered its former dominance.
The publication of A Journal written during an Excursion in Asia Minor (London, 1839) roused such interest that Lord Palmerston, at the request of the British Museum authorities, asked the British consul at Constantinople to get leave from the sultan to ship a number of the Lycian works of art.
"The rivers pouring out of the caverns at the base of the Lycian and Pisidian ranges of the Taurus come forth from their subterranean courses charged with carbonate of lime, and are continually adding to the Pamphylian plain.
According to Artemidorus (whose authority is followed by Strabo), the towns that formed the Lycian league in the days of its integrity were twentythree in number; but Pliny states that Lycia once possessed seventy towns, of which only twenty-six remained in his day.
On the east coast stood Olympus, one of the cities of the league, while Phaselis, a little farther north, which was a much more important place, never belonged to the Lycian league and appears always to have maintained an independent position.
Their occupation of Lycia was probably later, and since the Lycian inscriptions are not found far inland, we may conclude that they entered the country from the sea.
The Lycian Sarpedon was believed to have taken part in the Trojan war.
Lycian sculpture followed closely the development of Greek sculpture, and many of the sculptures with which the tombs are adorned are of a high order of merit.
The exquisite bas-reliefs on a Lycian sarcophagus now in the museum of Constantinople are among the finest surviving examples of classical art.
Finally, the Karayuk Ova in the extreme southwest drains through the Kazanes, a tributary of the Indus, to the Lycian Sea.
Of the Lycian federation, its origin and duration, practically nothing is known.
The Lycian league was, therefore, in this respect rather national than federal.
The Servians and Russians apparently always used the Cyrillic, and its advantages gradually ousted the Glagolitic elsewhere, though the service book in the old ecclesiastical language which is used by the Roman Catholic Croats is in Glagolitic.4 While the Carian and Lycian were probably independent of the Greek in origin, so, too, at the opposite end of the Mediterranean was the Iberian.
He may be compared with the Clarian and the Lycian god, but he is unlike the Apollo of Dorian times, the " deliverer " and giver of oracles.
In the other civilized countries, indeed, the old passion foi freedom had been completely obliterated; and after the days of Darius I.apart from the Greek, Lycian and Phoeniciar townsnot a single people in all these provinces dreamed 01 shaking off the foreign dominion.
He was a Lycian prince who, along with his cousin Sarpedon, assisted Priam in the Trojan War.
His reputed Lycian origin corroborates the view that the cult of Apollo was an importation from Asia to Greece.
In common with that of most other Lycian towns its early history is not known, and it does not play any part of importance in either Greek or Roman annals.
The first is the most remarkable of the Lycian rock-tomb groups.
In addition to the epitaph already mentioned, Proclus was the author of hymns, seven of which have been preserved (to Helios, Aphrodite, the Muses, the Gods, the Lycian Aphrodite, Hecate and Janus, and Athena), and of an epigram in the Greek Anthology (Anthol.