Lung sentence example

lung
  • There is much malaria in the wooded districts of the east and on the higher campos, where the daily extremes of temperature are great, lung and bronchial diseases are common.
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  • The knife had punctured his right lung, deflating it.
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  • Adaptation for speed is further exhibited in the moulding of the shape of the body so as to present the minimum amount of resistance to the air, as well as in increase in heart and lung capacity to meet the extra expenditure of energy.
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  • Thus it is laid down in large quantity in cirrhosis of the liver, kidney or lung, and reacts upon these organs by contracting and inducing atrophy.
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  • Do you suffer from liver, kidney or lung disease?
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  • Owing to a miracle which he is alleged to have worked on a child suffering from a throat affection, who was brought to him on his way to execution, St Blaise's aid has always been held potent in throat and lung diseases.
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  • In the same way, the reflex act of coughing is useful in removing either foreign bodies or excessive secretion from the air passages; but when the mucous membrane of the respiratory tract is irritated and inflamed, it produces a feeling of tickling and a desire to cough sometimes very violently; yet the coughing simply tends to exhaust the patient, because there is really little or nothing to bring up. The same is the case in inflammation of the lung substance itself.
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  • In phthisis also, although there may be some expectoration to bring up, yet a good deal of the irritation is in the lung substance, and the efforts of coughing are far greater and more continuous than are required for the removal of expectoration, and they simply exhaust the patient.
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  • The presence of toxins in the blood not only affects the brain, causing delirium, but also other organs, the heart and lung, and may cause fatal syncope or respiratory failure.
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  • Adaptations for aerial respiration are found in some of the landcrabs, where the lining membrane of the gill-chamber is beset with vascular papillae and acts as a lung.
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  • The disease from which he suffered, lung complaint, had, however, established a firm hold on him.
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  • The oviducts are long, usually more or less convoluted tubes which open posteriorly into the cloaca, while their anterior aperture is situated far forward, sometimes close to the root of the lung; their walls secrete a gelatinous substance which invests the ova as they descend.
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  • They may also come with a gurgling lump in the left side of the neck and rarely with a lung abscess.
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  • For example, in patients with severe lung disease a pyrexia or high carbohydrate diet may result in respiratory acidosis.
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  • An average 15% aerosol charging by single charges is assumed to lead to a 30% increase in lung deposition of inhaled aerosols.
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  • Lewis has a history of health problems, including the chronic lung ailment, pulmonary fibrosis.
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  • In the middle ages the plant was used for lung and liver ailments.
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  • Air enters the rear air sacs, passes to the lung and then leaves via the front air sacs.
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  • They asked my permission to do an amniocentesis to check for fetal lung maturity.
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  • The thorax must be percussed, and lung apices and the axillae auscultated.
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  • Diseases that may results from breathing in these fibers include asbestosis, mesothelioma and lung cancer.
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  • In 14 lung cancer cases and all but one of the mesotheliomas there was moderate to severe asbestosis.
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  • Supplementation was found to significantly attenuate the O 3 -induced decrements in lung function in both studies.
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  • The clinic occurs every 2-3 months and assesses patients with increased blood pressure in the lung arteries.
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  • She is a Respiratory Pediatrician with a special interest in asthma particularly pre-school wheeze, non-CF bronchiectasis and congenital lung abnormalities.
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  • It's not just cancer tho, there's lung disease, which includes chronic bronchitis and emphysema.
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  • Among other things, they cause bronchitis, asthma, lung cancer and heart disease.
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  • Know the link between smoking and respiratory diseases Eg bronchitis, lung cancer.
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  • Sections of the lung away from the tumor site showed patchy bronchopneumonia with evidence of edema.
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  • She noted signs, not only of significant long-standing lung disease, but also of acute bronchopneumonia superimposed on that disease.
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  • We pioneered compensation for cotton workers ' lung disease byssinosis in the 1980s.
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  • The comparison with white collar workers was performed to control for other occupational lung carcinogens.
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  • Warde P, Payne D. Does thoracic irradiation improve survival and local control in limited-stage small-cell carcinoma of the lung?
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  • Surfactant was isolated from duck, chicken, and pig lung lavage fluid by differential centrifugation.
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  • At the last meeting, David Bernstein told a skeptical audience that " pure chrysotile is rapidly cleared from the lung.
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  • As a result some highly dangerous forms of lung cancer actually appear to be higher in smokers of low tar cigarettes.
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  • The model was validated by applying to cohorts without lung cancer excess and to cohorts of smokers and non smokers.
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  • Viruses from the lung tissue in Toronto patients readily infected monkey kidney cells, and no known human coronavirus infects that cell line.
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  • This is a heart and lung exercise and will increase your heart rate and breathing. 1 set 15 reps of bicep curls.
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  • The development and optimal management of acute and chronic lung disease, including cystic fibrosis, are also being studied.
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  • No significant correlations were observed between changes of lung function tests and serum cytokine concentration.
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  • Up to 6,000 deaths a year from chronic obstructive lung diseases may be related to work.
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  • Exposure to blue or brown asbestos dust can cause mesothelioma, a tumor of the pleura, which is the lining of the lung.
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  • Pulmonary problems include both obstructive and restrictive lung disease, with symptoms of exertional dyspnea, sleep apnea, and reduced pulmonary endurance.
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  • Preparation of hospital emergency plans to cope with large influx of patients with burns, lung damage and trauma.
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  • The following day an interstitial emphysema caused by a lung weakness was diagnosed.
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  • Many people suffer from the debilitating lung disease emphysema.
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  • These are lung fibroblasts derived from a 14 week male fetus of a 27 year old woman aborted in 1966 for 'psychiatric reasons ' .
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  • In humans, interstitial lung fibrosis is a serious disease.
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  • Long term damage to the lung tissue may lead to death from progressive pulmonary fibrosis.
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  • Methods to accurately measure eotaxin in lung lavage fluid, sputum and blood are being developed.
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  • They reported that eating more fruit may help in reducing the risk of lung cancer.
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  • It is important to keep a patients chest free of any chest infection to help their lung function to improve.
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  • Rarely worms invade the abdominal cavity, causing granulomas of the liver, ovary, kidney, spleen, and lung.
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  • Would it be lung cancer from his chronic smoking habit?
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  • Furthermore, the development of characteristic lung histopathology in CF individuals is a gradual process that occurs over years.
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  • Histoplasma duboisii Vanbreuseghem) The spores of these organisms can cause the lung disease histoplasmosis if inhaled (Roberts et al.
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  • His life-threatening injuries included broken ribs and a collapsed lung that required emergency surgery and extended hospitalization.
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  • The effectiveness of most vasodilators is, however, reduced in the hypertensive lung and they cause systemic hypotension.
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  • However, deep inhalation is still required to produce the rapid pulse of nicotine to the brain associated with absorption in the lung alveoli.
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  • Lung toxins Some of the toxins present in smoke are highly irritant or directly toxic to the bronchial mucosa causing airway inflammation.
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  • Ozone is a lung irritant emitted from many air cleaners in the market that can trigger allergy reactions, even in small amounts.
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  • It helps with breast and lung tumors, and can promote lactation.
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  • As the smoker has become a pariah, sufferers from lung cancer have become the lepers of the twenty-first century.
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  • A lung carcinoma or an infiltrate of residual or relapsing chronic myelogenous leukemia in the lung could be definitely ruled out.
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  • We herein describe the case of a 46-year-old woman with primary lung cancer who underwent a left upper lobectomy.
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  • However his career was nearly curtailed by a punctured lung suffered against Hull City in January 1999.
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  • So when you dive, the air would enter the lung under pressure of depth.
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  • The operation went well, however I developed a collapsed lung, which caused the delay.
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  • Project Director Dave Bookless showed us a fascinating 75 acres of green lung in an extremely built-up area.
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  • In January 1985 Princess Margaret had a section of her left lung removed in a cancer scare.
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  • The compound is at an early trials phase in breast cancer and Phase 3 in non-small cell lung cancer.
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  • Small cell lung cancer usually responds well to chemotherapy.
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  • This article describes cutaneous manifestations of selected pulmonary conditions and other associations between the skin and lung.
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  • A few months ago he contracted mesothelioma, a rare form of lung cancer whose only known cause is asbestos.
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  • Furthermore, the only abnormal genes were found in abnormal lung and kidney tissue, arguing against genetic mosaicism.
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  • It irritates the mucous membrane of the respiratory system, causing coughing, choking and impaired lung function and exacerbating asthma symptoms.
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  • There are few drugs at clinicians ' disposal to help patients with chronic lung disease who also produce excess mucus.
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  • They account for approximately 5% of primary lung neoplasms.
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  • In the present study, we describe in vivo models of lung neutrophil infiltration and activation in mice and hamsters.
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  • They have now found some nodules on the surface of his R lung.
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  • Aprotinin is a protease inhibitor normally prepared from bovine pancreas and lung.
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  • In contrast, these receptors were not detected on mast cells purified from human lung parenchyma.
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  • However, in many cases, the VQ scan can be difficult to interpret especially with the presence of other lung pathology.
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  • Two cases of small bowel perforation due to metastasizing lung cancer are reported.
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  • Solid food causes immediate airway obstruction resulting in hypoxia, whilst liquid gastric contents cause an acid pneumonitis (inflammation of lung tissue ).
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  • Last week he suffered a spontaneous pneumothorax in his left lung.
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  • Exposure to uranium is a very rare cause of lung cancer.
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  • Recent scientific research has shown a link between poor oral health and other conditions such as heart and lung disease.
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  • You can have a wedge resection of the breast or of the lung, for example.
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  • The team have raised over £ 25,000 for the British Lung Foundation to research into the lung disease sarcoidosis.
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  • Many did not know that certain filtration media can cause the lung disease silicosis.
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  • Severe drops in oxygen levels lead to heart, lung and brain disorders, whilst chronic sleep deprivation causes extreme sleepiness during the day.
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  • For example, teachers used the spirometer (a big machine that you breathe into) to explain aspects of lung function.
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  • In 2000 a Dutch woman in her 20s died from Pigeon Lung disease caused by inhaling spores from droppings.
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  • In infants born more than two months premature the quantities of lung surfactant may be greatly reduced or completely absent.
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  • More aggressive treatments including surgical removing of the lining of the lung are, fortunately, rarely needed.
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  • Is small cell lung cancer the perfect target for anti- telomerase treatment?
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  • The treatment of lung cancer and other thoracic malignancies is one of the most complex and controversial topics in oncology.
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  • These include gynecological oncology, breast cancer, surgical oncology, tumor virology and lung cancer.
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  • No ctenidium, pallial cavity transformed into a lung; aperture of shell circular; terrestrial.
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  • The ctenidium is atrophied, and the edge of the mantle-skirt is fused to the dorsal integument by concrescence, except at one point which forms the aperture of the mantle-chamber, thus converted into a nearly closed sac. Air is admitted to this sac for respiratory and hydrostatic purposes, and it thus becomes a lung.
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  • The bacilli are seen lying as short rods, singly and in clumps, in the caseous and degenerated tissues of the lung.
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  • The 1960s brought us hip replacement, the artificial heart, a liver transplant, and a lung transplant.
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  • The second time, he punctured a lung in a biking accident.
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  • The production of purulent sputum and the presence of wheeze may also indicate underlying lung disease.
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  • However, radon in indoor air is the second leading cause of lung cancer.
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  • Surgical resection for the rare isolated lung disease may be possible.
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  • Respirable fibers can penetrate to the " deep " lung area.
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  • Repeated or prolonged inhalation of excessive concentration of respirable fibers may cause permanent lung injury [4 ].
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  • The team have raised over £ 25,000 for the British Lung Foundation to research into the lung disease Sarcoidosis.
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  • Asbestosis is a scarring of the lung caused by prolonged or heavy exposure to asbestos.
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  • Lung disease is now the leading cause of death in scleroderma patients.
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  • It is unlikely that resection of isolated liver secondaries in patients with primary lung tumors would be of benefit.
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  • Cement contains up to 5% silica in the form of free silicon dioxide which causes lung scarring known as silicosis.
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  • Smokeless tobacco is only legal in Sweden, where lung cancer rates are among the lowest in the world.
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  • Occasionally surgical resection of isolated solitary distant metastases (usually lung) offers the prospect of prolonged long-term survival.
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  • Finally, the pain associated with lung problems tends to create a stabbing sensation whenever you cough or take a deep breath.
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  • Lung disease is a major killer, responsible for the suffering of millions of people here in the UK, Professor Macfarlane said.
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  • The bronchodilation following inhalation of ipratropium bromide is primarily local and site specific to the lung and not systemic in nature.
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  • A number of studies suggest that telomerase expression is an adverse prognostic factor for lung cancers.
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  • Pulmonary vasodilators These are used to reduce the lung artery pressure, to treat pulmonary hypertension.
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  • These virulent pathogens cause inflammation in the lung in cystic fibrosis, killing many young adults with the disease.
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  • The line-up was only finalized seven weeks ago when original crew member Alex Partridge was withdrawn due to a collapsed lung.
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  • Smoking is a caus. factor in many serious diseases, including lung cancer.
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  • The dust in bentonite is silica, a material that has been shown to create lung issues for both humans and felines.
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  • This becomes an issue because silica (an ingredient of glass) causes silocosis in humans, and can also cause the same lung condition in cats.
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  • These particulates can cause lung damage in humans.
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  • This burning can be a cause for lung cancer and other pulmonary diseases.
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  • It can also harm the lung development in children.
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  • Remember, the Cardio portion of your healthy lifestyle is the one that strengthens your heart and maximizes your lung capacity.
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  • According to the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, heart attacks are one of the leading causes of death for American men and women.
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  • Lung capacity and function increases as well, which means you'll b able to take deeper breaths, and hold your breath for longer periods of time.
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  • Long term effects include dropping the risk of lung cancer, other cancers, and stroke.
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  • You may already know that smoking causes lung cancer, but did you realize it increases your risk for cancer of the mouth, larynx, esophagus, bladder, kidney, pancreas, and stomach?
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  • In both sexes, smoking is linked to cancers of the lung, bladder, pancreas, kidney, larynx, pharynx, and esophagus.
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  • Make a Quit Smoking Action Plan with advice from the American Lung Association.
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  • Most people know that cigarettes can cause lung cancer.
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  • Stopping smoking now reduces your chances of getting throat cancer, lung cancer, emphysema, asthma, allergies, bronchitis, colon or stomach cancer and other serious health problems.
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  • Lung issues may not be the first problems that come to mind with alcoholism but it is highly associated with pneumonia and a lung disease called acute respiratory distress syndrome that can be fatal.
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  • Your lung function increases, improving your circulation and decreasing your risk for respiratory infections and heart disease.
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  • Health insurance companies want to see you smoke free because it lowers your risk of developing costly diseases such as lung cancer or heart disease.
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  • The American Lung Association has a program outlined for you to follow on its website.
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  • People who smoke heroin run the risk of damaging their lungs as well as getting lung cancer.
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  • Even though most people are aware that cigarette smoke contains toxic chemicals and contributes to an increased risk of lung cancer, heart disease and other health problems, the dependency on nicotine causes a powerful craving.
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  • Weeks After Quitting - By this point, a former smoker's circulation and lung functions improve.
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  • Once you have been off cigarettes for 10 years or more, the risk of developing fatal lung cancer is also cut in half.
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  • Alba's spent much of her childhood suffering from various illnesses, including several bouts of pneumonia, asthma, appendicitis, tonsil cysts, and on two occasions, a collapsed lung.
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  • She is the daughter or James William Fawcett and Pauline Alice Evans, and had an older sister, Diane, who passed away from lung cancer in 1998.
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  • Beverly Sills - Opera singer; passed away July 2 at age 78 from lung cancer.
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  • When Patrick Swayze checked himself into the hospital with pneumonia, sources say the lung infection was a complication caused by his chemotherapy treatment.
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  • Lung problems seldom get better without medical intervention, and we can't even be sure that is all that's going on.
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  • Some dogs with lung problems, like chronic bronchitis, may need regular breathing treatments with a nebulizer.
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  • Other physical healing properties include pleurisy of the blood, heart disease, and lung infections.
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  • Exposure to pesticides has been linked to cancer, nervous-system and lung damage, reproductive dysfunction, and possibly dysfunction of the endocrine and immune systems.
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  • The argument against fire retardant chemcals states that more people will develop cancer, lung problems and other health issues related to toxins in the mattresses than will die from the mattress catching on fire.
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  • Smoking is a leading cause of lung cancer, but that is not the only form of this disease that has been linked to this habit.
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  • Patients suffering from heart, kidney, or lung disease, as well as those who experience strokes, commonly exhibit the signs of dementia.
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  • The surgery may cause difficulty in speaking, emotional issues with the altered appearance of the throat, and a higher risk of developing lung infections.
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  • Conditions such as chronic pain, breathing abnormalities, gastroesophageal reflux disease, congestive heart failure, diabetes and lung disease commonly cause insomnia.
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  • The chest x ray can indicate if the heart is enlarged and can help the doctor identify some heart and lung problems.
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  • The most common cancers affecting adults are cancer of the skin, lung, colon, breast, and prostate.
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  • Approximately 80 to 90 percent of lung cancer cases occur in smokers.
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  • The doctor may also order skin, muscle, lung, or sinus biopsies in order to distinguish among the various childhood vasculitides.
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  • The death rates for prostate cancer (two times more) and lung cancer (27 times more) are disproportionately higher when compared to Caucasians.
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  • Lung cancers in African American and Hawaiian men are evaluated compared with Caucasian males.
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  • Sometimes, pieces can be aspirated into the lungs, and even though breathing returns to normal, wheezing, chest pain, persistent cough, and pneumonia can develop within a few days due to the foreign body in the lung.
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  • A tube composed of cartilage and membrane that extends from below the voice box into the chest where it splits into two branches, the bronchi, that lead to each lung.
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  • J., et al. "Antibody response to diphtheriatetanus-pertussis immunization in preterm infants who receive dexamethasone for chronic lung disease."
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  • It can cause difficulties in breathing, especially if the heart, spine, and lung have been affected by Marfan.
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  • If the spinal curvature increases to 40 or 50 degrees, the child may require surgery in order to prevent lung problems, back pain, and further deformity.
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  • This often means more frequent visits to the healthcare provider, serial ultrasounds to make sure that the babies are growing satisfactorily, amniocentesis to check for lung development, and close monitoring for preterm labor.
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  • Premature birth is the constant threat of multiple gestation, and the primary threat of prematurity is related to lung development.
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  • These patients usually receive abdominal radiation therapy and lung radiation therapy if the tumor has spread to the lungs.
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  • These patients also receive lung radiation therapy if the tumor has spread to the lungs.
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  • All of these patients receive abdominal radiation therapy and lung radiation therapy if the tumor has spread to the lungs.
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  • People with CF live with chronic populations of bacteria in their lungs, and lung infection is the major cause of death for those with CF.
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  • This "mucociliary escalator" is one of the principal defenses against lung infection.
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  • The thickened mucus of CF prevents easy movement out of the lungs and increases the irritation and inflammation of lung tissue.
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  • As mucus accumulates, it can plug up the smaller passageways in the lungs, decreasing functional lung volume.
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  • In both boys and girls, puberty is often delayed, most likely due to the effects of poor nutrition or chronic lung infection.
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  • Women with good lung health usually have no problems with pregnancy, while those with ongoing lung infection often do poorly.
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  • Lung function tests are done frequently to track changes in functional lung volume and respiratory effort.
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  • Lung scans, using a radioactive gas, can show closed off areas not seen on the x ray.
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  • Good general health, especially good nutrition, can keep the immune system healthy, which decreases the frequency with which these colonies begin an infection or attack on the lung tissue.
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  • For this technique, the person with CF lies on a tilted surface with head downward, alternately on the stomach, back, or side, depending on the section of lung to be drained.
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  • Supplemental oxygen may be needed as lung disease progresses.
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  • Lung transplantation has become increasingly common for people with CF, although the number of people who receive lungs was as of 2004 much lower than those who want them.
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  • About 50 percent of adults and more than 80 percent of children who receive lung transplants live longer than two years.
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  • X rays or a CT scan can determine bone density and reveal gastrointestinal disturbances, as well as heart and lung damage.
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  • Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome-A rare type of albinism, most common in the Puerto Rican community, which can cause pigment changes, lung disease, intestinal disorders, and blood disorders.
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  • In patients with types A and B NPD, there is a build-up of sphingomyelin in cells of the brain, liver, spleen, kidney, and lung.
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  • Type B develops in infancy or childhood with symptoms of mild liver or spleen enlargement and lung problems.
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  • Type B patients generally live to adulthood but suffer from significant liver and lung problems.
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  • For example, pain arising from fluid accumulating at the base of the lung may be referred to the shoulder.
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  • Sometimes, chest x rays are ordered to check for pneumonia or lung damage due to aspiration of stomach contents.
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  • It is usually a mixture of saliva and mucus, but may contain blood or pus in patients with lung abscess or other diseases of the lungs.
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  • Bronchiolitis is a lung infection that affects children of any age; however, it is much more severe when it occurs in young infants.
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  • Chest x rays may show characteristic patterns of lung involvement.
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  • Bronchiole-Tubes in the lungs that carry air from the bronchi to lung tissues.
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  • C-section is generally the delivery mode of choice for premature babies due to the other risks these infants face (such as lung immaturity).
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  • The doctor listens with a stethoscope for wheezing and other abnormal lung sounds in the patient's chest.
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  • A fetus whose liver has moved into its chest, seriously restricting lung development, whose lung-to-head ratio is less than one in four, and whose chance of survival through delivery is less than 50 percent may be a candidate for surgery.
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  • Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM) occurs when one or more lobes of the lungs develop into fluid-filled sacs called cysts rather than into normal lung tissue.
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  • Large CCAMs can limit lung development, causing pulmonary hypoplasia.
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  • The first successful resection (removal) of a CCAM from a fetal lung was performed in 1990.
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  • A balloon placed in the fetus's trachea prevents lung fluid from escaping through the mouth, enabling the lungs to expand, grow, and push the abdominal organs out of the chest and back into the abdomen.
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  • Amniotic fluid is essential for lung development and protects the fetus from injury and infection.
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  • In a very few cases the child may die from complications related to myocarditis or from bowel perforation or lung disease caused by vasculitic ulcers.
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  • The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute in Bethesda, Maryland released clinical guidelines for blood pressure in 2003, lowering the standard normal readings for adults to less than 120 over less than 80.
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  • The sweat test is administered as soon as CF is suspected, either because of family history or symptoms, such as frequent colds, recurrent lung infections, recurrent diarrhea, difficulty absorbing food, and slower-than-normal growth.
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  • Treatment of newborn anemia depends on the severity of symptoms, the level of Hgb, and the presence of any other diseases that may affect oxygen delivery, such as lung or heart disease or hyaline membrane disease.
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  • With prolonged asphyxia, brain, heart, kidney, and lung damage can result and also death, if the asphyxiation lasts longer than 10 minutes.
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  • Pulmonary edema can result from fluids leaking into the alveoli (air sacs) of the lung.
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  • The most common opportunistic infection in children with XHIM is a lung disease known as Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP).
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  • The doctor may also order x-ray studies of the child's chest or sinuses in order to determine whether lung damage has already occurred or to make a baseline evaluation of the child's lungs.
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  • Children diagnosed with hyper-IgM syndrome require careful monitoring for liver function, lung function, nutritional status, oral hygiene, and normal growth patterns as well as blood antibody levels.
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  • Diaphragm weakness leads to reduced energy and stamina and increased lung infection because of the inability to cough effectively.
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  • Pulmonary function tests help a doctor to diagnose respiratory diseases and disorders such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and emphysema, and mechanical injury by measuring the degree of lung impairment.
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  • These tests are also done before major lung surgery to make sure the patient will not be disabled by having a reduced lung capacity.
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  • When performed over time, these tests are helpful in evaluating how a lung disease is progressing, and how serious the lung disease has become.
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  • With the exception of arterial blood gas, pulse oximetry, and total lung capacity, pulmonary function tests are performed using spirometry (from the Greco-Latin term meaning "to measure breathing").
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  • Usually the patient repeats this test three times, and the best of the three results is considered the measure of the lung function.
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  • Total lung capacity is measured by body plethysmography.
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  • Normal results are expressed as a percentage of the predicted lung capacity.
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  • Bronchitis is an inflammation of the air passages between the nose and the lungs, including the windpipe or trachea and the larger air tubes of the lung that bring air in from the trachea (bronchi).
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  • Chronic bronchitis is a sign of serious lung disease that may be slowed but cannot be cured.
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  • The physician will listen to the child's chest with a stethoscope for specific sounds that indicate lung inflammation, such as moist rales and crackling, and wheezing, that indicate airway narrowing.
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  • Occasionally, in diagnosing a chronic lung disorder, the sample of sputum is collected using a procedure called a bronchoscopy.
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  • To better determine what type of obstructive lung disease a patient has, the doctor may do a chest x ray and order blood tests.
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  • Bronchi-Singular, bronchus; the large tubular passages that carry air to the lung and allow air to be expelled from the lungs.
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  • Children with diaphragmatic hernias have an increased incidence of chromic lung disease.
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  • The trachea divides into the right and left bronchi, each branching off into multiple smaller bronchi that course throughout the lung tissue.
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  • Lung stroma, the tissue of the lung, serves a supportive role for the bronchi, bronchioles, and alveoli.
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  • The healthy human lung is sterile, with no normally resident bacteria or viruses, unlike the upper respiratory system and parts of the gastrointestinal system, where bacteria dwell even in a healthy state.
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  • The invading organism causing pneumonia provokes an immune response in the lungs that causes inflammation of the lung tissue (pneumonitis), a condition that actually makes the lung environment more ideal for infection.
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  • Consolidation, a feature of bacterial pneumonia, occurs when the alveoli, which are normally hollow air spaces within the lung, instead become solid due to quantities of fluid and debris.
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  • These types of pneumonia primarily infect the walls of the alveoli and the stroma of the lung.
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  • In severe pneumonia, mucus plugs and the accumulation of fluid together decrease the efficiency of gas exchange in the lung, resulting in signs of oxygen deprivation.
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  • Localized shadows obscuring areas of the lung may indicate a bacterial pneumonia, while streaky or patchy changes in the x-ray film may indicate viral or mycoplasma pneumonia.
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  • The child is also be given fluids and possibly drug therapy to thin mucus secretions (mucolytic agents) or medication to open the airways of the lung (brochodilators).
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  • Grape seed extract enhances immune system functioning and helps protect lung tissue.
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  • More complications occur in the very young or very old with multiple areas of the lung infected simultaneously.
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  • In children, cystic fibrosis, aspiration problems, immunodeficiencies, and congenital or acquired lung malformation may increase the risk of pneumonia from S. pneumoniae.
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  • Consolidation-A condition in which lung tissue becomes firm and solid rather than elastic and air-filled, arising because of accumulated fluids and tissue debris.
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  • An example is the tissue that surrounds and supports the actually functional lung tissue.
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  • Severe disabilities such as brain damage, blindness, and chronic lung problems are possible and may require ongoing care.
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  • The physician may prescribe a steroid medication to be given to the mother before the delivery to help speed up the baby's lung development.
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  • Surfactant-A protective film secreted by the alveoli in the lungs that reduces the surface tension of lung fluids, allowing gas exchange and helping maintain the elasticity of lung tissue.
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  • Infants, people with heart or lung disease, or those with anemia may be more seriously affected.
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  • Lung problems can develop 12 or more hours after submersion.
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  • About 10 percent of these babies will be born with obvious problems, including prematurity, lung problems, an enlarged liver and spleen, jaundice, anemia, low birth weight, small head size, and inflammation of the retina.
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  • Rabies vaccine adsorbed (RVA) is manufactured from virus grown in cell cultures of fetal rhesus monkey lung cells and then inactivated.
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  • Rabies virus adsorbed (RVA)-A rabies vaccine in which the virus is grown in cultures of lung cells from rhesus monkeys, inactivated, and adsorbed to aluminum phosphate.
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  • Some patients with selective IgA deficiency experience no symptoms, while others have occasional lung infections and diarrhea.
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  • They often die from chronic infections, usually of the lung.
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  • Magnesium deficiency is associated with cardiac arrest, asthma, chronic fatigue syndrome, chronic pain, depression, insomnia, irritable bowel syndrome, and lung conditions.
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  • It is effective for those children with severe, but reversible, heart or lung problems who have not responded to treatment with a ventilator, drugs, or extra oxygen.
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  • A pump pushes the blood through an artificial membrane lung, where oxygen is added and carbon dioxide is removed.
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  • The size of the artificial lung depends on the size of the child.
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  • Meconium aspiration syndrome-Breathing in of meconium (a newborn's first stool) by a fetus or newborn, which can block air passages and interfere with lung expansion.
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  • Membrane oxygenator-The artificial lung that adds oxygen and removes carbon dioxide.
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  • Respiratory distress syndrome-A lung disorder usually of premature infants that causes increasing difficulty in breathing, leading to a life-threatening deficiency of oxygen in the blood.
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  • Venoarterial (V-A) bypass-The type of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation that provides both heart and lung support, using two tubes (one in the jugular vein and one in the carotid artery).
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  • Venovenous (V-V) bypass-The type of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation that provides lung support only, using a tube inserted into the jugular vein.
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  • Tar is a sticky substance that forms as deposits in the lungs, causing lung cancer and respiratory distress.
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  • During adolescence, smoking interferes with ongoing lung growth and development, preventing the attainment of full lung function.
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  • Some research reveals that passive smokers, or those who unavoidably breathe in second-hand tobacco smoke, have an increased chance of many health problems such as lung cancer, asthma, and sudden infant death syndrome in babies.
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  • Another warning sign is a hacking cough, worse than the usual smoker's cough, that brings up phlegm or blood, a sign of lung cancer.
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  • Children with heart and lung problems, as well as other chronic diseases, are at higher risk for complications from influenza.
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  • A fetus is considered viable at 24 weeks since that is the minimum gestational age for sufficient lung development.
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  • In some cases, medications such as betamethasone may be given to the mother to speed up the lung maturity of the baby.
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  • Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) of the newborn, also known as infant RDS, is an acute lung disease present at birth, which usually affects premature babies.
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  • According to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, in 2003, approximately 40,000 infants and 150,000 adults were reported to have RDS.
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  • When the infant itself or a breathing machine applies pressure on the lungs in an attempt to expand them, a lung may rupture, causing air to leak into the chest cavity.
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  • This air causes the lung to collapse further, making breathing even harder and interfering with blood flow in the lung arteries.
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  • Collapsed lung tissue has a typical appearance, and the more lung tissue is collapsed, the more severe the RDS.
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  • Typically, the infant will be able to breathe more easily within a few days at the most, and complications such as lung rupture are less likely to occur.
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  • Assisted ventilation must be closely supervised, as too much pressure can cause further lung damage.
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  • A tube then is inserted into the lung cavity, and suction applied.
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  • Pneumothorax-A collection of air or gas in the chest or pleural cavity that causes part or all of a lung to collapse.
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  • Healthy infants who have no complications, such as heart or lung problems or other types of intestinal malformations, can usually have surgery within the first 24 hours of life.
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  • In a severe attack that lasts for some time, some of the air sacs in the lung may rupture so that air collects within the chest.
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  • During the test, the child exhales and the spirometer measures the airflow, comparing lung capacity to the normal range for the child's age and race.
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  • The child then inhales a drug that widens the air passages (a short-acting bronchodilator) and the doctor takes another measurement of the lung capacity.
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  • An increase in lung capacity after taking this medication often indicates the asthma symptoms are reversible (a very typical finding in asthma).
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  • Some other condition, such as nasal polyps or chronic lung disease, complicates the asthma.
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  • They work by counteracting leukotrienes, substances released by white blood cells in the lung that cause the air passages to constrict and promote mucus secretion.
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  • Steroids are extremely effective in relieving asthma symptoms and can control even severe cases over the long term while maintaining good lung function.
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  • During the follow-up visits, the child's lung function should be measured by spirometry to make sure treatment goals are being met.
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  • Alternative treatments for asthma include yoga to control breathing and relieve stress and acupuncture to reduce asthma attacks and improve lung function.
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  • Asthma should not be a progressive, disabling disease; a child with asthma can have normal or near-normal lung function with the proper treatment.
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  • There are many diseases and disabilities in children linked with poor lung health and an impaired ability to clear secretions.
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  • This difficulty can lead to a vicious cycle of recurrent episodes of inflammation, respiratory infections, lung damage, increased production of excess mucus, and possibly airway obstruction.
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  • Turning from side to side permits lung expansion.
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  • The patient either sits in a chair or sits upright in bed and inhales then pushes the abdomen out to force maximum amounts of air into the lung.
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  • Percussion is performed on each lung segment for one to two minutes at a time.
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  • The percussor is moved over one lobe of the lung for approximately five minutes, while the patient is encouraged to performing coughing and deep breathing techniques.
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  • This process is repeated until each segment of the lung is percussed.
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  • As with percussion, the purpose of vibration is to help break up lung secretions.
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  • Deep breathing-Deep breathing helps expand the lungs and forces better distribution of the air into all sections of the lung.
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  • The patient either sits in a chair or sits upright in bed and inhales, pushing the abdomen out to force maximum amounts of air into the lung.
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  • Vibration-The treatment that is applied to help break up lung secretions.
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  • Newer members of the group, azithromycin and clarithromycin, are particularly useful for their high level of lung penetration.
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  • The disease can reoccur, or reactivate, during adolescence when resistance is low, and may disappear on its own or develop into serious lung disease.
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  • With treatment, TB infection that is not drug resistant can nearly always be cured as long as patients are consistent with their medications and considerable lung damage as not already occurred.
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  • They should not be used to treat coughs that bring up mucus or the chronic coughs associated with smoking, asthma, emphysema, or other lung problems.
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  • Dextromethorphan is not meant to be used for coughs associated with asthma, chronic bronchitis, or other lung conditions.
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  • People with chronic lung disease, asthma, diabetes, or a weakened immune system are more likely to develop these complications.
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  • If this condition continues for an extended period, it can interfere with lung growth.
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  • Extended hydrops fetalis can inhibit lung growth and contribute to heart failure.
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  • Such complications include meningitis, brain abscesses, pneumonia and lung abscesses, and heart infections, among others.
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  • Cystic Fibrosis (CF) is a genetic lung disease.
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  • Studies have also shown that arginine can increase lung inflammation and worsen asthma symptoms.
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  • A 1998 study of 29,133 male smokers in Finland showed 32% less cases of prostate cancer and 40% less deaths from prostate cancer among men who took vitamin E to prevent lung cancer compared to men who took a placebo.
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  • Ozone can cause lung and throat problems since it is an irritant.
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  • The American Lung Association and the EPA both recommend that consumers use HEPA air filters, rather than ionic filters.
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  • If you or someone in your family suffers from asthma or another lung condition, you may be better off with a HEPA air purifier without ionizer.
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  • The EPA warns against even small amounts of ozone, especially for people with lung conditions such as asthma.
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  • American Lung Association - Get the full details of their vehicle donation program by calling 1-800-LUNG-USA (1-800-586-4872).
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  • As tuberculosis, a serious bacterial lung infection, reached epidemic proportions in 1924, the overcrowded structure was expanded into a 400 patient sanatorium.
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  • Ball State University studied 287 students through 15 weeks of yoga training, and discovered a 10 percent increase in lung capacity.
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  • By focusing on the breath and directing it into the concave side of the spine, the muscles stretch and increase lung capacity.
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  • This was recently the case in an 8-year study of low-fat dieting funded by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute and reported in The Washington Post.
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  • It's a diet plan devised by the National Institutes of Health and National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.
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  • For more menu ideas, check out the PDF of the Dash Diet from the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute.
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  • This was the result of a study partly funded by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute and presented to a recent American Heart Association conference.
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  • National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute-This site also allows you to input certain personal information, and then lets you create an appropriate healthy diet.
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  • A recent study by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) found that those eating fast food only twice a week were much more likely to develop insulin resistance - a huge risk factor for type 2 diabetes.
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  • National Institute of Health offers a summary of a 15-year study by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI).
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  • One of the key benefits of taxing your anaerobic system is an increase in lung capacity.
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  • Slowly but surely, your lung capacity will increase and your aerobic fitness will increase as well.
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  • It improves muscle tone and increases your lung capacity.Lung capacity is a measure of how much air you can breathe in to fuel your activities.
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  • The greater your lung capacity, the more oxygen your body can make available for your muscles to produce energy.
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  • It will also build up your lung capacity through interval training.
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  • Increased lung capacity helps your body deliver oxygen to your muscles.
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  • Many conditions exist that may cause secondary pulmonary hypertension, including heart failure, lung disease, drug use, pulmonary emboli, sleep disorders, altitude sickness, and systemic diseases, such as lupus.
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  • Radiohead chronicled the way they felt about Creep with the 1994 EP My Iron Lung (the title track of which would also later appear on 1995's The Bends).
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  • The song My Iron Lung compared Creep to a life support system for the band.
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  • The x-rays were conclusive and indicated a bad infection in the lower lobe of one lung.
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  • They did another x-ray this morning and the infection has spread to the other lung.
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  • After he recovered from the stabbing, the Doctor said he had scar tissue and would be susceptible to pneumonia in the injured lung.
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  • The worm inhabits the lung of the frog and toad, and is hermaphrodite (Schneider) or parthenogenetic (Leuckart); the embryos hatched from the eggs find their way through the lungs into the alimentary canal and thence to the exterior; in a few days they develop into a sexual larva, called a Rhabditiform larva, in which the sexes are distinct; the eggs remain within the uterus, and the young when hatched break through its walls and live free in the perivisceral cavity of the mother, devouring the organs of the body until only the outer cuticle is left; this eventually breaks and sets free the young, which are without teeth, and have therefore lost the typical Rhabditis form.
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  • They live for some time in water or mud, occasionally entering the bodies of water snails, but undergo no change until they reach the lung of a frog, when the cycle begins anew.
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  • The upper, wide opening of the duct is attached by elastic, peritoneal lamellae to the hinder margin of the left lung; the middle portion of the duct is glandular and thick-walled, for the deposition of the albumen; it is connected by a short, constricted " isthmus " (where the shell-membrane is formed) with a dilated " uterus " in which the egg receives its calcareous shell and eventual pigmentation.
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  • There is a species of Polypterus, and it is probable that the Protopterus or lung fish is also found there, though its existence has not as yet been established by a specimen.
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  • In these there are neither branchia nor osphradium, and the pallial chamber which retains its large open ing serves as a lung.
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  • Pallial cavity transformed into a lung; pedal centres concentrated; a deep pedal groove.
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  • All have an osphradium, except the Auriculidae, which are terrestrial, and it is situated outside the pallial cavity in those forms in which water is not admitted into the lung.
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  • Zoologists are familiar with many instances (fishes, crustaceans) in which the protective walls of a water-breathing organ or gill-apparatus become converted into an air-breathing organ or lung, but there is no other case known of the conversion of gill processes themselves into air-breathing plates.
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  • The elongated axis which opens at the stigma in Scorpio and which can be cleared of soft, surrounding tissues and co agulated blood so as to present the appearance of a limb axis carrying the book-like leaves of the lung is not really, as it would seem to be at first sight, the limb axis.
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  • There was also a useful collection of texts by Prof. Charteris of Edinburgh, Canonicity (1880), based on Kirchhofer, Quellensamm- lung (1844), but with improvements.
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  • Though the climate of the plains is one of extremes and often of rather sudden changes, it is brisk and invigorating and of particular value for persons affected with lung troubles.
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  • H, I, Veliger stage later than 1, The sub-pallial space, here destined to become the lung.
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  • The initial hastening is due to a stimulation of the vagus terminals in the lung, as it does not occur if these nerves are previously divided.
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  • The flex nitive animal gods are not to be confused with the animal not ns ascribed to many cosmic deities; thus when the sun-god Osii was pictured as a scarabaeus, or dung-beetle, rolling its ball Isis lung behind it, this was certainly mere poetical imagery.
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  • He had pulled through so many sharp attacks of his "vile influenza" and other lung disorders that he began to be seriously alarmed only three days before his death.
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  • They own two palaces in Florence, one of which on the Lung' Arno Corsini contains the finest private picture gallery in the city, and many villas and estates in various parts of Italy.
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