There is much malaria in the wooded districts of the east and on the higher campos, where the daily extremes of temperature are great, lung and bronchial diseases are common.
The knife had punctured his right lung, deflating it.
Politically its divisions are two: - (1) the two districts, Buleleng and Jembrana, on Dutch territory; and (2) the autonomous states of Klung Lung, Bangli, Mengui, Badung and Tabanan.
- Tubercle bacilli in tissues from human lung in a case of acute phthisis.
Thus it is laid down in large quantity in cirrhosis of the liver, kidney or lung, and reacts upon these organs by contracting and inducing atrophy.
The upper, wide opening of the duct is attached by elastic, peritoneal lamellae to the hinder margin of the left lung; the middle portion of the duct is glandular and thick-walled, for the deposition of the albumen; it is connected by a short, constricted " isthmus " (where the shell-membrane is formed) with a dilated " uterus " in which the egg receives its calcareous shell and eventual pigmentation.
Pallial cavity transformed into a lung; pedal centres concentrated; a deep pedal groove.
The other lung was infected and they had switched to yet another antibiotic.
They live for some time in water or mud, occasionally entering the bodies of water snails, but undergo no change until they reach the lung of a frog, when the cycle begins anew.
There is a species of Polypterus, and it is probable that the Protopterus or lung fish is also found there, though its existence has not as yet been established by a specimen.
The government maintains experimental farms and forestry plantations and a veterinary department to cope with lung sickness, rinderpest, East Coast fever and such like diseases.
Heart And Lung Surgery >>
The worm inhabits the lung of the frog and toad, and is hermaphrodite (Schneider) or parthenogenetic (Leuckart); the embryos hatched from the eggs find their way through the lungs into the alimentary canal and thence to the exterior; in a few days they develop into a sexual larva, called a Rhabditiform larva, in which the sexes are distinct; the eggs remain within the uterus, and the young when hatched break through its walls and live free in the perivisceral cavity of the mother, devouring the organs of the body until only the outer cuticle is left; this eventually breaks and sets free the young, which are without teeth, and have therefore lost the typical Rhabditis form.
p. 1 35, 1892; Simmons, " Development of Lung in Spiders," Amer.
The caseous necrosis of the implicated mass of lung tissue, and indeed of tubercles generally, is held to be, in great measure, the result of the necrotic influence of the secretions from the bacillus.
This lipoemic condition may cause embolism, the plugging especially occurring in the lung capillaries.
She stood on the front porch, puffing on her cigarette as if sucking in a lung full of chemicals might somehow help matters.
Adaptation for speed is further exhibited in the moulding of the shape of the body so as to present the minimum amount of resistance to the air, as well as in increase in heart and lung capacity to meet the extra expenditure of energy.
airways of the lung.
Zoologists are familiar with many instances (fishes, crustaceans) in which the protective walls of a water-breathing organ or gill-apparatus become converted into an air-breathing organ or lung, but there is no other case known of the conversion of gill processes themselves into air-breathing plates.
The elongated axis which opens at the stigma in Scorpio and which can be cleared of soft, surrounding tissues and co agulated blood so as to present the appearance of a limb axis carrying the book-like leaves of the lung is not really, as it would seem to be at first sight, the limb axis.
1, The sternum of the first opisthosomatic or genital somite covering the V "' genital aperture and the first pair of lung sacs.
61) std where stg, Lung aperture.
At a very early period it was held by Virchow that the large cheesy masses found in tuberculosis of the lung are to be regarded as pneumonic infiltrations of the air-vesicles.
The particles in this case set up a form of fibrosis of the lung, which, either of itself or by rendering the organ liable to tubercular infection, is extremely fatal.
These are peculiar bodies which are found in the prostate, in the central nervous system, in the lung, and in other localities, and which get their name from being very like starch-corpuscles, and from giving certain colour reactions closely resembling those of vegetable cellulose or even starch itself.
trans., Oxford, 1891); also, The Germ Plasm (London, 1893); Welch, " Oedema of Lung," Arch.
Owing to a miracle which he is alleged to have worked on a child suffering from a throat affection, who was brought to him on his way to execution, St Blaise's aid has always been held potent in throat and lung diseases.
In the same way, the reflex act of coughing is useful in removing either foreign bodies or excessive secretion from the air passages; but when the mucous membrane of the respiratory tract is irritated and inflamed, it produces a feeling of tickling and a desire to cough sometimes very violently; yet the coughing simply tends to exhaust the patient, because there is really little or nothing to bring up. The same is the case in inflammation of the lung substance itself.
In phthisis also, although there may be some expectoration to bring up, yet a good deal of the irritation is in the lung substance, and the efforts of coughing are far greater and more continuous than are required for the removal of expectoration, and they simply exhaust the patient.
The presence of toxins in the blood not only affects the brain, causing delirium, but also other organs, the heart and lung, and may cause fatal syncope or respiratory failure.
Adaptations for aerial respiration are found in some of the landcrabs, where the lining membrane of the gill-chamber is beset with vascular papillae and acts as a lung.
The disease from which he suffered, lung complaint, had, however, established a firm hold on him.
The oviducts are long, usually more or less convoluted tubes which open posteriorly into the cloaca, while their anterior aperture is situated far forward, sometimes close to the root of the lung; their walls secrete a gelatinous substance which invests the ova as they descend.
They may also come with a gurgling lump in the left side of the neck and rarely with a lung abscess.
For example, in patients with severe lung disease a pyrexia or high carbohydrate diet may result in respiratory acidosis.
A review of the epidemiology of lung adenocarcinoma, Int.
adenocarcinoma of the lung.
An average 15% aerosol charging by single charges is assumed to lead to a 30% increase in lung deposition of inhaled aerosols.
Lewis has a history of health problems, including the chronic lung ailment, pulmonary fibrosis.
In the middle ages the plant was used for lung and liver ailments.
Air enters the rear air sacs, passes to the lung and then leaves via the front air sacs.
alveolusmental and clinical studies in the 80's confirmed that high peak airway pressures in ventilated alveoli lead to further lung damage.
alveolustasis (collapsed alveoli) also develops rapidly in the dependant lung regions and results in true shunt.
alveolusr, deep inhalation is still required to produce the rapid pulse of nicotine to the brain associated with absorption in the lung alveoli.
alveolusare about 300 million alveoli in each lung.
They asked my permission to do an amniocentesis to check for fetal lung maturity.
The thorax must be percussed, and lung apices and the axillae auscultated.
Diseases that may results from breathing in these fibers include asbestosis, mesothelioma and lung cancer.
In 14 lung cancer cases and all but one of the mesotheliomas there was moderate to severe asbestosis.
assay evaluability rate for primary lung cancers was only 11% .
asthmatic attack in those pre-existing asthma or chronic lung disease.
Supplementation was found to significantly attenuate the O 3 -induced decrements in lung function in both studies.
The clinic occurs every 2-3 months and assesses patients with increased blood pressure in the lung arteries.
blood pressure in the lung arteries.
breathed deep into the lung where they may stay for a long time, causing possible damage.
She is a Respiratory Pediatrician with a special interest in asthma particularly pre-school wheeze, non-CF bronchiectasis and congenital lung abnormalities.
It's not just cancer tho, there's lung disease, which includes chronic bronchitis and emphysema.
Among other things, they cause bronchitis, asthma, lung cancer and heart disease.
Know the link between smoking and respiratory diseases Eg bronchitis, lung cancer.
Sections of the lung away from the tumor site showed patchy bronchopneumonia with evidence of edema.
She noted signs, not only of significant long-standing lung disease, but also of acute bronchopneumonia superimposed on that disease.
bronchusachea then divides into two branches called the bronchi, which go into each lung.
We pioneered compensation for cotton workers ' lung disease byssinosis in the 1980s.
lung cancer Smoking is the main cause of lung cancer.
The comparison with white collar workers was performed to control for other occupational lung carcinogens.
She subsequently developed two metachronous primary tumors: a small-cell lung cancer and a colon carcinoma.
Warde P, Payne D. Does thoracic irradiation improve survival and local control in limited-stage small-cell carcinoma of the lung?
Aids the relief of lung problems such as congestion and chronic catarrh.
Surfactant was isolated from duck, chicken, and pig lung lavage fluid by differential centrifugation.
At the last meeting, David Bernstein told a skeptical audience that " pure chrysotile is rapidly cleared from the lung.
As a result some highly dangerous forms of lung cancer actually appear to be higher in smokers of low tar cigarettes.
clot in the lung.
The model was validated by applying to cohorts without lung cancer excess and to cohorts of smokers and non smokers.
cope with large influx of patients with burns, lung damage and trauma.
Viruses from the lung tissue in Toronto patients readily infected monkey kidney cells, and no known human coronavirus infects that cell line.
This is a heart and lung exercise and will increase your heart rate and breathing. 1 set 15 reps of bicep curls.
The development and optimal management of acute and chronic lung disease, including cystic fibrosis, are also being studied.
No significant correlations were observed between changes of lung function tests and serum cytokine concentration.
decrements in lung function in both studies.
dilatation of the blood vessels; this is difficult to appreciate and a comparison with the normal lung will help you.
Up to 6,000 deaths a year from chronic obstructive lung diseases may be related to work.
Do you suffer from liver, kidney or lung disease?
Exposure to blue or brown asbestos dust can cause mesothelioma, a tumor of the pleura, which is the lining of the lung.
Pulmonary problems include both obstructive and restrictive lung disease, with symptoms of exertional dyspnea, sleep apnea, and reduced pulmonary endurance.
Lung Chu was much elated by this unlooked-for success, and exclaiming: " I felt sure that Han Hsin was really a coward!
embolus in the lung be treated?
Preparation of hospital emergency plans to cope with large influx of patients with burns, lung damage and trauma.
emphysema caused by a lung weakness was diagnosed.
inherited emphysema This research team will be investigating how an inherited abnormal protein causes lung disease with aim of developing new treatments.
The following day an interstitial emphysema caused by a lung weakness was diagnosed.
Many people suffer from the debilitating lung disease emphysema.
These are lung fibroblasts derived from a 14 week male fetus of a 27 year old woman aborted in 1966 for 'psychiatric reasons ' .
In humans, interstitial lung fibrosis is a serious disease.
Long term damage to the lung tissue may lead to death from progressive pulmonary fibrosis.
fibrosis of the lung as a result of the chronic inhalation of asbestos fibers " .
Methods to accurately measure eotaxin in lung lavage fluid, sputum and blood are being developed.
They reported that eating more fruit may help in reducing the risk of lung cancer.
It is important to keep a patients chest free of any chest infection to help their lung function to improve.
Rarely worms invade the abdominal cavity, causing granulomas of the liver, ovary, kidney, spleen, and lung.
Would it be lung cancer from his chronic smoking habit?
half-caste population, is peculiarly liable to lung trouble of all kinds.
Furthermore, the development of characteristic lung histopathology in CF individuals is a gradual process that occurs over years.
Histoplasma duboisii Vanbreuseghem) The spores of these organisms can cause the lung disease histoplasmosis if inhaled (Roberts et al.
His life-threatening injuries included broken ribs and a collapsed lung that required emergency surgery and extended hospitalization.
The effectiveness of most vasodilators is, however, reduced in the hypertensive lung and they cause systemic hypotension.
implyine America objected that the ad misleadingly implied the advertisers ' product had been clinically proven to benefit lung health in horses.
However, deep inhalation is still required to produce the rapid pulse of nicotine to the brain associated with absorption in the lung alveoli.
inhaled into the lung.
inoperable adenocarcinoma of the lung survive more than 5 years following diagnosis.
inspiratory muscles will feel stronger and within four weeks lung function will improve.
inspiratory muscle training improves lung function and exercise capacity in adults with cystic fibrosis.
interstitial lung fibrosis is a serious disease.
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to test whether prophylactic cranial irradiation prolongs survival of patients with small cell lung cancer in complete remission.
irritant substances increase the risk of lung cancer.
Lung toxins Some of the toxins present in smoke are highly irritant or directly toxic to the bronchial mucosa causing airway inflammation.
Ozone is a lung irritant emitted from many air cleaners in the market that can trigger allergy reactions, even in small amounts.
It helps with breast and lung tumors, and can promote lactation.
As the smoker has become a pariah, sufferers from lung cancer have become the lepers of the twenty-first century.
A lung carcinoma or an infiltrate of residual or relapsing chronic myelogenous leukemia in the lung could be definitely ruled out.
We herein describe the case of a 46-year-old woman with primary lung cancer who underwent a left upper lobectomy.
These are: In-hospital mortality following lobectomy for primary lung cancer.
lobectomy for primary lung cancer.
However his career was nearly curtailed by a punctured lung suffered against Hull City in January 1999.
So when you dive, the air would enter the lung under pressure of depth.
The operation went well, however I developed a collapsed lung, which caused the delay.
Project Director Dave Bookless showed us a fascinating 75 acres of green lung in an extremely built-up area.
In January 1985 Princess Margaret had a section of her left lung removed in a cancer scare.
lung cancer from the drop down menu of cancer types.
lung disease later in life may show only minor symptoms now.
lung transplants, only two lived longer than two months.
lung tissue may lead to death from progressive pulmonary fibrosis.
lung function can be reduced for a number of reasons.
lung carcinoma (SCLC) remain incompletely defined.
The compound is at an early trials phase in breast cancer and Phase 3 in non-small cell lung cancer.
Small cell lung cancer usually responds well to chemotherapy.
This article describes cutaneous manifestations of selected pulmonary conditions and other associations between the skin and lung.
A few months ago he contracted mesothelioma, a rare form of lung cancer whose only known cause is asbestos.
metastasis from primary lung cancer is extremely rare.
metastasisent had a minor, brief reduction in lung metastases.
Furthermore, the only abnormal genes were found in abnormal lung and kidney tissue, arguing against genetic mosaicism.
mucous membrane of the respiratory system, causing coughing, choking and impaired lung function and exacerbating asthma symptoms.
It irritates the mucous membrane of the respiratory system, causing coughing, choking and impaired lung function and exacerbating asthma symptoms.
There are few drugs at clinicians ' disposal to help patients with chronic lung disease who also produce excess mucus.
Effects of delivery by cesarean section on lung mechanics and lung volume in the human neonate.
They account for approximately 5% of primary lung neoplasms.
In the present study, we describe in vivo models of lung neutrophil infiltration and activation in mice and hamsters.
They have now found some nodules on the surface of his R lung.
obstructive lung diseases may be related to work.
oedemahe lung edema becomes severe, the situation may become life-threatening.
Lung function changes associated with chronic exposure to photochemical oxidants: a cohort study among never smokers.
Aprotinin is a protease inhibitor normally prepared from bovine pancreas and lung.
In contrast, these receptors were not detected on mast cells purified from human lung parenchyma.
However, in many cases, the VQ scan can be difficult to interpret especially with the presence of other lung pathology.
HIV-positive when their CD4+ count falls below 200 per µl and lung transplant patients.
Two cases of small bowel perforation due to metastasizing lung cancer are reported.
pleuronhelioma - a type of cancer which affects the pleura, the covering of the lung and lining of the chest wall and diaphragm.
Solid food causes immediate airway obstruction resulting in hypoxia, whilst liquid gastric contents cause an acid pneumonitis (inflammation of lung tissue ).
Last week he suffered a spontaneous pneumothorax in his left lung.
punctured a lung in a biking accident.
purulent sputum and the presence of wheeze may also indicate underlying lung disease.
Answer: breathing radon in indoor air can cause lung cancer.
radon in indoor air is the second leading cause of lung cancer.
Exposure to uranium is a very rare cause of lung cancer.
relapseg carcinoma or an infiltrate of residual or relapsing chronic myelogenous leukemia in the lung could be definitely ruled out.
Recent scientific research has shown a link between poor oral health and other conditions such as heart and lung disease.
surgical resection for the rare isolated lung disease may be possible.
You can have a wedge resection of the breast or of the lung, for example.
respirable fibers can penetrate to the " deep " lung area.
respirable fibers may cause permanent lung injury "  .
The team have raised over £ 25,000 for the British Lung Foundation to research into the lung disease sarcoidosis.
scarring of the lung caused by prolonged or heavy exposure to asbestos.
secondarynlikely that resection of isolated liver secondaries in patients with primary lung tumors would be of benefit.
Many did not know that certain filtration media can cause the lung disease silicosis.
China: Jewelry workers lung payouts fight Migrant workers employed in China's jewelry trade are developing deadly silicosis, campaigners have warned.
Severe drops in oxygen levels lead to heart, lung and brain disorders, whilst chronic sleep deprivation causes extreme sleepiness during the day.
smokeless tobacco is only legal in Sweden, where lung cancer rates are among the lowest in the world.
solitary distant metastases (usually lung) offers the prospect of prolonged long-term survival.
For example, teachers used the spirometer (a big machine that you breathe into) to explain aspects of lung function.
In 2000 a Dutch woman in her 20s died from Pigeon Lung disease caused by inhaling spores from droppings.
In infants born more than two months premature the quantities of lung surfactant may be greatly reduced or completely absent.
More aggressive treatments including surgical removing of the lining of the lung are, fortunately, rarely needed.
telomerase expression is an adverse prognostic factor for lung cancers.
Is small cell lung cancer the perfect target for anti- telomerase treatment?
The treatment of lung cancer and other thoracic malignancies is one of the most complex and controversial topics in oncology.
We already successfully vaccinate at-risk groups such as those with heart conditions, chronic lung disease and chronic liver disease.
pulmonary vasodilators These are used to reduce the lung artery pressure, to treat pulmonary hypertension.
These include gynecological oncology, breast cancer, surgical oncology, tumor virology and lung cancer.
virulent pathogens cause inflammation in the lung in cystic fibrosis, killing many young adults with the disease.
virulent than lung cancer in men?
Feed fresh viscera once a week instead of meaty bones (heart, kidney, lung or liver ).
withdrawn due to a collapsed lung.
No ctenidium, pallial cavity transformed into a lung; aperture of shell circular; terrestrial.
The ctenidium is atrophied, and the edge of the mantle-skirt is fused to the dorsal integument by concrescence, except at one point which forms the aperture of the mantle-chamber, thus converted into a nearly closed sac. Air is admitted to this sac for respiratory and hydrostatic purposes, and it thus becomes a lung.
The bacilli are seen lying as short rods, singly and in clumps, in the caseous and degenerated tissues of the lung.
30.--Anthracosis - coal-miner's lung - showing excessive accumulation of carbon pigment in the lymphatic spaces around the vessels of the lung.
The 1960s brought us hip replacement, the artificial heart, a liver transplant, and a lung transplant.
The second time, he punctured a lung in a biking accident.
The production of purulent sputum and the presence of wheeze may also indicate underlying lung disease.
However, radon in indoor air is the second leading cause of lung cancer.
Surgical resection for the rare isolated lung disease may be possible.
Respirable fibers can penetrate to the " deep " lung area.
Repeated or prolonged inhalation of excessive concentration of respirable fibers may cause permanent lung injury [4 ].
The team have raised over £ 25,000 for the British Lung Foundation to research into the lung disease Sarcoidosis.
Asbestosis is a scarring of the lung caused by prolonged or heavy exposure to asbestos.
Lung disease is now the leading cause of death in scleroderma patients.
It is unlikely that resection of isolated liver secondaries in patients with primary lung tumors would be of benefit.
Cement contains up to 5% silica in the form of free silicon dioxide which causes lung scarring known as silicosis.
China: Jewelry workers lung payouts fight Migrant workers employed in China 's jewelry trade are developing deadly silicosis, campaigners have warned.
Smokeless tobacco is only legal in Sweden, where lung cancer rates are among the lowest in the world.
Occasionally surgical resection of isolated solitary distant metastases (usually lung) offers the prospect of prolonged long-term survival.
Finally, the pain associated with lung problems tends to create a stabbing sensation whenever you cough or take a deep breath.
Lung disease is a major killer, responsible for the suffering of millions of people here in the UK, Professor Macfarlane said.
The bronchodilation following inhalation of ipratropium bromide is primarily local and site specific to the lung and not systemic in nature.
A number of studies suggest that telomerase expression is an adverse prognostic factor for lung cancers.
Pulmonary vasodilators These are used to reduce the lung artery pressure, to treat pulmonary hypertension.
These virulent pathogens cause inflammation in the lung in cystic fibrosis, killing many young adults with the disease.
An example is the question: ' is lung cancer in women more virulent than lung cancer in men?
Feed fresh viscera once a week instead of meaty bones (heart, kidney, lung or liver).
The line-up was only finalized seven weeks ago when original crew member Alex Partridge was withdrawn due to a collapsed lung.
Smoking is a caus. factor in many serious diseases, including lung cancer.
The dust in bentonite is silica, a material that has been shown to create lung issues for both humans and felines.
This becomes an issue because silica (an ingredient of glass) causes silocosis in humans, and can also cause the same lung condition in cats.
These particulates can cause lung damage in humans.
This burning can be a cause for lung cancer and other pulmonary diseases.
It can also harm the lung development in children.
Remember, the Cardio portion of your healthy lifestyle is the one that strengthens your heart and maximizes your lung capacity.
According to the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, heart attacks are one of the leading causes of death for American men and women.
Lung capacity and function increases as well, which means you'll b able to take deeper breaths, and hold your breath for longer periods of time.
Long term effects include dropping the risk of lung cancer, other cancers, and stroke.
You may already know that smoking causes lung cancer, but did you realize it increases your risk for cancer of the mouth, larynx, esophagus, bladder, kidney, pancreas, and stomach?
In both sexes, smoking is linked to cancers of the lung, bladder, pancreas, kidney, larynx, pharynx, and esophagus.
Make a Quit Smoking Action Plan with advice from the American Lung Association.
Most people know that cigarettes can cause lung cancer.
Stopping smoking now reduces your chances of getting throat cancer, lung cancer, emphysema, asthma, allergies, bronchitis, colon or stomach cancer and other serious health problems.
Lung issues may not be the first problems that come to mind with alcoholism but it is highly associated with pneumonia and a lung disease called acute respiratory distress syndrome that can be fatal.
Low birth weight: Women who smoke during gestation are more likely to deliver small weak babies with lung complications and other health risks.
Lung ailments: Children who live with smokers are more likely to experience respiratory infections, including bronchitis and pneumonia, as well as asthma.
Your lung function increases, improving your circulation and decreasing your risk for respiratory infections and heart disease.
Health insurance companies want to see you smoke free because it lowers your risk of developing costly diseases such as lung cancer or heart disease.
The American Lung Association has a program outlined for you to follow on its website.
People who smoke heroin run the risk of damaging their lungs as well as getting lung cancer.
Even though most people are aware that cigarette smoke contains toxic chemicals and contributes to an increased risk of lung cancer, heart disease and other health problems, the dependency on nicotine causes a powerful craving.
Weeks After Quitting - By this point, a former smoker's circulation and lung functions improve.
Once you have been off cigarettes for 10 years or more, the risk of developing fatal lung cancer is also cut in half.
Alba's spent much of her childhood suffering from various illnesses, including several bouts of pneumonia, asthma, appendicitis, tonsil cysts, and on two occasions, a collapsed lung.
She is the daughter or James William Fawcett and Pauline Alice Evans, and had an older sister, Diane, who passed away from lung cancer in 1998.
Beverly Sills - Opera singer; passed away July 2 at age 78 from lung cancer.
When Patrick Swayze checked himself into the hospital with pneumonia, sources say the lung infection was a complication caused by his chemotherapy treatment.
Lung problems seldom get better without medical intervention, and we can't even be sure that is all that's going on.
Some dogs with lung problems, like chronic bronchitis, may need regular breathing treatments with a nebulizer.
Other physical healing properties include pleurisy of the blood, heart disease, and lung infections.
Exposure to pesticides has been linked to cancer, nervous-system and lung damage, reproductive dysfunction, and possibly dysfunction of the endocrine and immune systems.
The argument against fire retardant chemcals states that more people will develop cancer, lung problems and other health issues related to toxins in the mattresses than will die from the mattress catching on fire.
Smoking is a leading cause of lung cancer, but that is not the only form of this disease that has been linked to this habit.
Patients suffering from heart, kidney, or lung disease, as well as those who experience strokes, commonly exhibit the signs of dementia.
The surgery may cause difficulty in speaking, emotional issues with the altered appearance of the throat, and a higher risk of developing lung infections.
Conditions such as chronic pain, breathing abnormalities, gastroesophageal reflux disease, congestive heart failure, diabetes and lung disease commonly cause insomnia.
Chest x ray: X rays are used to detect an enlarged heart, vascular abnormalities, or lung problems.
National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute.
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI). 6701 Rockledge Drive, PO Box 30105, Bethesda, MD 20824-0105.
The chest x ray can indicate if the heart is enlarged and can help the doctor identify some heart and lung problems.
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.
The most common cancers affecting adults are cancer of the skin, lung, colon, breast, and prostate.
Approximately 80 to 90 percent of lung cancer cases occur in smokers.
The doctor may also order skin, muscle, lung, or sinus biopsies in order to distinguish among the various childhood vasculitides.
The death rates for prostate cancer (two times more) and lung cancer (27 times more) are disproportionately higher when compared to Caucasians.
Lung cancers in African American and Hawaiian men are evaluated compared with Caucasian males.
Sometimes, pieces can be aspirated into the lungs, and even though breathing returns to normal, wheezing, chest pain, persistent cough, and pneumonia can develop within a few days due to the foreign body in the lung.
A tube composed of cartilage and membrane that extends from below the voice box into the chest where it splits into two branches, the bronchi, that lead to each lung.
J., et al. "Antibody response to diphtheriatetanus-pertussis immunization in preterm infants who receive dexamethasone for chronic lung disease."
It can cause difficulties in breathing, especially if the heart, spine, and lung have been affected by Marfan.
If the spinal curvature increases to 40 or 50 degrees, the child may require surgery in order to prevent lung problems, back pain, and further deformity.
This often means more frequent visits to the healthcare provider, serial ultrasounds to make sure that the babies are growing satisfactorily, amniocentesis to check for lung development, and close monitoring for preterm labor.
Premature birth is the constant threat of multiple gestation, and the primary threat of prematurity is related to lung development.
These patients usually receive abdominal radiation therapy and lung radiation therapy if the tumor has spread to the lungs.
These patients also receive lung radiation therapy if the tumor has spread to the lungs.
All of these patients receive abdominal radiation therapy and lung radiation therapy if the tumor has spread to the lungs.
People with CF live with chronic populations of bacteria in their lungs, and lung infection is the major cause of death for those with CF.
This "mucociliary escalator" is one of the principal defenses against lung infection.
The thickened mucus of CF prevents easy movement out of the lungs and increases the irritation and inflammation of lung tissue.
As mucus accumulates, it can plug up the smaller passageways in the lungs, decreasing functional lung volume.
In both boys and girls, puberty is often delayed, most likely due to the effects of poor nutrition or chronic lung infection.
Women with good lung health usually have no problems with pregnancy, while those with ongoing lung infection often do poorly.
Lung function tests are done frequently to track changes in functional lung volume and respiratory effort.
Lung scans, using a radioactive gas, can show closed off areas not seen on the x ray.
Good general health, especially good nutrition, can keep the immune system healthy, which decreases the frequency with which these colonies begin an infection or attack on the lung tissue.
For this technique, the person with CF lies on a tilted surface with head downward, alternately on the stomach, back, or side, depending on the section of lung to be drained.
Supplemental oxygen may be needed as lung disease progresses.
Lung transplantation has become increasingly common for people with CF, although the number of people who receive lungs was as of 2004 much lower than those who want them.
About 50 percent of adults and more than 80 percent of children who receive lung transplants live longer than two years.
X rays or a CT scan can determine bone density and reveal gastrointestinal disturbances, as well as heart and lung damage.
Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome-A rare type of albinism, most common in the Puerto Rican community, which can cause pigment changes, lung disease, intestinal disorders, and blood disorders.
In patients with types A and B NPD, there is a build-up of sphingomyelin in cells of the brain, liver, spleen, kidney, and lung.
Type B develops in infancy or childhood with symptoms of mild liver or spleen enlargement and lung problems.
Type B patients generally live to adulthood but suffer from significant liver and lung problems.
For example, pain arising from fluid accumulating at the base of the lung may be referred to the shoulder.
Sometimes, chest x rays are ordered to check for pneumonia or lung damage due to aspiration of stomach contents.
It is usually a mixture of saliva and mucus, but may contain blood or pus in patients with lung abscess or other diseases of the lungs.
American Lung Association. 1740 Broadway, New York, NY 10019.
Bronchiolitis is a lung infection that affects children of any age; however, it is much more severe when it occurs in young infants.
Chest x rays may show characteristic patterns of lung involvement.
Bronchiole-Tubes in the lungs that carry air from the bronchi to lung tissues.
C-section is generally the delivery mode of choice for premature babies due to the other risks these infants face (such as lung immaturity).
Shrinkage of the brain cells results in confusion, coma, paralysis of the lung muscles, and death.
The doctor listens with a stethoscope for wheezing and other abnormal lung sounds in the patient's chest.
A fetus whose liver has moved into its chest, seriously restricting lung development, whose lung-to-head ratio is less than one in four, and whose chance of survival through delivery is less than 50 percent may be a candidate for surgery.
Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM) occurs when one or more lobes of the lungs develop into fluid-filled sacs called cysts rather than into normal lung tissue.
Large CCAMs can limit lung development, causing pulmonary hypoplasia.
The first successful resection (removal) of a CCAM from a fetal lung was performed in 1990.
A balloon placed in the fetus's trachea prevents lung fluid from escaping through the mouth, enabling the lungs to expand, grow, and push the abdominal organs out of the chest and back into the abdomen.
Amniotic fluid is essential for lung development and protects the fetus from injury and infection.
In a very few cases the child may die from complications related to myocarditis or from bowel perforation or lung disease caused by vasculitic ulcers.
The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute in Bethesda, Maryland released clinical guidelines for blood pressure in 2003, lowering the standard normal readings for adults to less than 120 over less than 80.
Chest x ray: To detect an enlarged heart, other vascular abnormalities, or lung disease.
The sweat test is administered as soon as CF is suspected, either because of family history or symptoms, such as frequent colds, recurrent lung infections, recurrent diarrhea, difficulty absorbing food, and slower-than-normal growth.
Treatment of newborn anemia depends on the severity of symptoms, the level of Hgb, and the presence of any other diseases that may affect oxygen delivery, such as lung or heart disease or hyaline membrane disease.
ECMO is a technique similar to a heart-lung bypass machine, which assists the infant's heart and lung functions with use of an external pump and oxygenator.
With prolonged asphyxia, brain, heart, kidney, and lung damage can result and also death, if the asphyxiation lasts longer than 10 minutes.
Pulmonary edema can result from fluids leaking into the alveoli (air sacs) of the lung.
The most common opportunistic infection in children with XHIM is a lung disease known as Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP).
The doctor may also order x-ray studies of the child's chest or sinuses in order to determine whether lung damage has already occurred or to make a baseline evaluation of the child's lungs.
Children diagnosed with hyper-IgM syndrome require careful monitoring for liver function, lung function, nutritional status, oral hygiene, and normal growth patterns as well as blood antibody levels.
Diaphragm weakness leads to reduced energy and stamina and increased lung infection because of the inability to cough effectively.
Pulmonary function tests help a doctor to diagnose respiratory diseases and disorders such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and emphysema, and mechanical injury by measuring the degree of lung impairment.
These tests are also done before major lung surgery to make sure the patient will not be disabled by having a reduced lung capacity.
When performed over time, these tests are helpful in evaluating how a lung disease is progressing, and how serious the lung disease has become.
With the exception of arterial blood gas, pulse oximetry, and total lung capacity, pulmonary function tests are performed using spirometry (from the Greco-Latin term meaning "to measure breathing").
Usually the patient repeats this test three times, and the best of the three results is considered the measure of the lung function.
Total lung capacity is measured by body plethysmography.
Normal results are expressed as a percentage of the predicted lung capacity.
Results of 80 percent or less suggest some sort of lung impairment.
HealthGuide A-Z "Lung Function Tests" WebMD.com 5 May 2003.
Bronchitis is an inflammation of the air passages between the nose and the lungs, including the windpipe or trachea and the larger air tubes of the lung that bring air in from the trachea (bronchi).
Chronic bronchitis is a sign of serious lung disease that may be slowed but cannot be cured.
The physician will listen to the child's chest with a stethoscope for specific sounds that indicate lung inflammation, such as moist rales and crackling, and wheezing, that indicate airway narrowing.
Occasionally, in diagnosing a chronic lung disorder, the sample of sputum is collected using a procedure called a bronchoscopy.
To better determine what type of obstructive lung disease a patient has, the doctor may do a chest x ray and order blood tests.
Bronchi-Singular, bronchus; the large tubular passages that carry air to the lung and allow air to be expelled from the lungs.
Children with diaphragmatic hernias have an increased incidence of chromic lung disease.
It results in an inflammatory response within the small air spaces of the lung (alveoli).
The trachea divides into the right and left bronchi, each branching off into multiple smaller bronchi that course throughout the lung tissue.
Lung stroma, the tissue of the lung, serves a supportive role for the bronchi, bronchioles, and alveoli.
The healthy human lung is sterile, with no normally resident bacteria or viruses, unlike the upper respiratory system and parts of the gastrointestinal system, where bacteria dwell even in a healthy state.
The invading organism causing pneumonia provokes an immune response in the lungs that causes inflammation of the lung tissue (pneumonitis), a condition that actually makes the lung environment more ideal for infection.
Consolidation, a feature of bacterial pneumonia, occurs when the alveoli, which are normally hollow air spaces within the lung, instead become solid due to quantities of fluid and debris.
These types of pneumonia primarily infect the walls of the alveoli and the stroma of the lung.
In severe pneumonia, mucus plugs and the accumulation of fluid together decrease the efficiency of gas exchange in the lung, resulting in signs of oxygen deprivation.
Localized shadows obscuring areas of the lung may indicate a bacterial pneumonia, while streaky or patchy changes in the x-ray film may indicate viral or mycoplasma pneumonia.
The child is also be given fluids and possibly drug therapy to thin mucus secretions (mucolytic agents) or medication to open the airways of the lung (brochodilators).
Grape seed extract enhances immune system functioning and helps protect lung tissue.
More complications occur in the very young or very old with multiple areas of the lung infected simultaneously.
In children, cystic fibrosis, aspiration problems, immunodeficiencies, and congenital or acquired lung malformation may increase the risk of pneumonia from S. pneumoniae.
Consolidation-A condition in which lung tissue becomes firm and solid rather than elastic and air-filled, arising because of accumulated fluids and tissue debris.
An example is the tissue that surrounds and supports the actually functional lung tissue.
Severe disabilities such as brain damage, blindness, and chronic lung problems are possible and may require ongoing care.
The physician may prescribe a steroid medication to be given to the mother before the delivery to help speed up the baby's lung development.
Surfactant-A protective film secreted by the alveoli in the lungs that reduces the surface tension of lung fluids, allowing gas exchange and helping maintain the elasticity of lung tissue.
Infants, people with heart or lung disease, or those with anemia may be more seriously affected.
Lung problems can develop 12 or more hours after submersion.
"Physical, Chemical, and Aspiration Injuries of the Lung."
About 10 percent of these babies will be born with obvious problems, including prematurity, lung problems, an enlarged liver and spleen, jaundice, anemia, low birth weight, small head size, and inflammation of the retina.
Rabies vaccine adsorbed (RVA) is manufactured from virus grown in cell cultures of fetal rhesus monkey lung cells and then inactivated.
Rabies virus adsorbed (RVA)-A rabies vaccine in which the virus is grown in cultures of lung cells from rhesus monkeys, inactivated, and adsorbed to aluminum phosphate.
Some patients with selective IgA deficiency experience no symptoms, while others have occasional lung infections and diarrhea.
They often die from chronic infections, usually of the lung.
Magnesium deficiency is associated with cardiac arrest, asthma, chronic fatigue syndrome, chronic pain, depression, insomnia, irritable bowel syndrome, and lung conditions.
Meconium aspiration syndrome: Breathing in of a newborn's first stool by a fetus or newborn, which can block air passages and interfere with lung expansion.
Respiratory distress syndrome: A lung disorder usually of premature infants that causes increasing difficulty in breathing, leading to a life-threatening deficiency of oxygen in the blood.
It is effective for those children with severe, but reversible, heart or lung problems who have not responded to treatment with a ventilator, drugs, or extra oxygen.
A pump pushes the blood through an artificial membrane lung, where oxygen is added and carbon dioxide is removed.
The size of the artificial lung depends on the size of the child.
Meconium aspiration syndrome-Breathing in of meconium (a newborn's first stool) by a fetus or newborn, which can block air passages and interfere with lung expansion.
Membrane oxygenator-The artificial lung that adds oxygen and removes carbon dioxide.
Respiratory distress syndrome-A lung disorder usually of premature infants that causes increasing difficulty in breathing, leading to a life-threatening deficiency of oxygen in the blood.
Venoarterial (V-A) bypass-The type of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation that provides both heart and lung support, using two tubes (one in the jugular vein and one in the carotid artery).
Venovenous (V-V) bypass-The type of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation that provides lung support only, using a tube inserted into the jugular vein.
Tar is a sticky substance that forms as deposits in the lungs, causing lung cancer and respiratory distress.
During adolescence, smoking interferes with ongoing lung growth and development, preventing the attainment of full lung function.
Some research reveals that passive smokers, or those who unavoidably breathe in second-hand tobacco smoke, have an increased chance of many health problems such as lung cancer, asthma, and sudden infant death syndrome in babies.
Another warning sign is a hacking cough, worse than the usual smoker's cough, that brings up phlegm or blood, a sign of lung cancer.
Children with heart and lung problems, as well as other chronic diseases, are at higher risk for complications from influenza.
A fetus is considered viable at 24 weeks since that is the minimum gestational age for sufficient lung development.
In some cases, medications such as betamethasone may be given to the mother to speed up the lung maturity of the baby.
Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) of the newborn, also known as infant RDS, is an acute lung disease present at birth, which usually affects premature babies.
According to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, in 2003, approximately 40,000 infants and 150,000 adults were reported to have RDS.
When the infant itself or a breathing machine applies pressure on the lungs in an attempt to expand them, a lung may rupture, causing air to leak into the chest cavity.
This air causes the lung to collapse further, making breathing even harder and interfering with blood flow in the lung arteries.
Collapsed lung tissue has a typical appearance, and the more lung tissue is collapsed, the more severe the RDS.
Typically, the infant will be able to breathe more easily within a few days at the most, and complications such as lung rupture are less likely to occur.
Assisted ventilation must be closely supervised, as too much pressure can cause further lung damage.
A tube then is inserted into the lung cavity, and suction applied.