Lucian, on the other hand, presisted in holding that the Logos became a person in Christ.
The vivid narrative of his career given by Lucian might be taken as fictitious but for the corroboration of certain coins of the emperors Lucius Verus and Marcus Aurelius (J.
After a period of instruction in medicine by a doctor who also, according to Lucian, was an impostor, he succeeded in establishing an oracle of Aesculapius at his native town.
Lucian's own close investigations into Alexander's methods of fraud led to a serious attempt on his life.
His income is said by Lucian to have reached an enormous figure.
See Lucian, 'AXï¿½EavSpos IkevSoï¿½avrns; Samuel Dill, Roman Society from Nero to Marcus Aurelius (1904); and F.
A Persian king, Artaxerxes, who was murdered by his brother Gosithros at the age of 93 years, is mentioned in a fragment of Isidore of Charax (Lucian, Macrobii, 15).
Demetrius and Demonax are highly eulogized by Seneca and Lucian respectively.
5, where Lucian's recension and the Septuagint respectively add the Samaritans!), in view of the circumstances of Gedaliah's appointment (Jer.
698; Lucian, Dial mort.
As the female counterpart of the Phoenician Baal (viewed as a sun-god), and on the testimony of late writers (Lucian, Herodian) that she was represented with horns, the place-name AshterothKarnaim in Gilead ("Ashteroth of the horns") has been considered ample proof in favour of the theory.
The well-known passage of Lucian (Piscator, 47) cannot be regarded as decisive for any of the theories advanced, as any portion of the old enceinte dismantled by the Persians may have retained the name in later times.
2 3.81), and as Dea Syria, or in one word Deasura (Lucian, de Dea Syria).
Lucian and Apuleius give descriptions of the beggar-priests who went round the great cities with an image of the goddess on an ass and collected money.
Theodotus was excommunicated by the bishop of Rome, Victor, c. 195, but his followers lived on under a younger teacher of the same name and under Artemon, while in the East similar views were expounded by Beryllus of Bostra and Paul of Samosata, who undoubtedly influenced Lucian of Antioch and his school, including Arius and, later, Nestorius.
17 [681; Lucian, De luctu, 19).
Lucian's De Dea Syria, § 48; for " bees," &c., as titles of sacred attendants, see J.
Creed of Lucian the Martyr (Antioch).
It was borne by several dynasts of Persis, when it formed an independent kingdom in the time of the Parthian empire (on their coins they call themselves Artakhshathr; one of them is mentioned by Lucian, Macrobii, 15), and by three kings of the Sassanid dynasty, who are better known under the modern form Ardashir.
It is pretty clear that the common accounts of the Renaissance and of the revival of learning grossly exaggerate the influence of the writers of Greece and Rome, for they produced no obvious rationalistic movement, as would have been the case had Plato and Cicero, Lucretius and Lucian, been taken really seriously.
4; Lucian, Macrobii, 18; Strabo xiii.
7; Lucian, Bis Acc. iv.
22, Lucian's recension), bears upon Judah, but the statements are isolated.
76; Lucian, Scytha; Cicero, Tusc. Disp. v.
"O that I were in a condition," says Lucian, "to resemble Herodotus, if only in some measure!
It is specially valuable in the portion relating to the history of the text (which up to the middle of the 3rd century he holds to have been current only in a common edition (Kocvi EK60cn), of which recensions were afterwards made by Hesychius, an Egyptian bishop, by Lucian of Antioch, and by Origen) and in its discussion of the ancient versions.
From the days of Ignatius, down through Paul of Samosata and Lucian to the 'great controversies of the 5th century which began with the theories of Apollinarius, the theologians of Antioch started from the one sure fact, that 1 Coptic Life of Dioscurus (Rev. Egyptologique, 1880-1883).
58 (compared with Lucian, ut supra, and Movers, Phoenizier, i.
The principal prose authors were Thucydides, parts of Plato and Demosthenes, with Aristotle, Plutarch's Lives, and, above all, Lucian, who is often imitated in the Byzantine age.
During the same period two other Lucian.
recensions made their appearance, that of Hesychius which was current in Egypt, and that of Lucian which became the accepted text of the Antiochene Church.
Lucian was a priest of Antioch who was martyred at Nicomedia in A.D.
To Ceriani is due the discovery that the text preserved by codices 19, 82, 93, 108, really represents Lucian's recension; the same conclusion was reached independently by Lagarde, who combined codex 118 with the four mentioned above.
About the same time another line of tradition is represented by Lucian and the school of Antioch.
he identified Griesbach's Alexandrian text with the work of Hesychius, and the Constantinopolitan with that of Lucian, while he described Griesbach's Western text as the J.
They suggested that it might perhaps be attributed to Lucian, who is known to have made a revision of the text of the LXX.
Not a few Christian prophets a y e known to us by name: as Agabus, Judas, and Silas in Jerusalem; Barnabas, Simon Niger, &c., in Antioch; in Asia Minor, the daughters of Philip, Quadratus, Ammia, Polycarp, Melito, Montanus, Maximilla and Priscilla; in Rome, Hermas; among the followers of Basilides, Barkabbas and Barkoph; in the community of Apelles, Philumene, &c. Lucian tells us that the impostor Peregrinus Proteus, in the time of Antoninus Pius, figured as a prophet in the Christian churches of Syria.
He is frequently mentioned in Lucian as the lampooner of the gods.
Hesiod, Theogony, 214; Lucian, Hermotimus, 20, and especially Deorum Concilium; Philostratus, Epistolae, 37.
This is found in three recensions: (I) in A B, o; (2) in codices 19, 108 (Lucian's text); (3) in codex 58, the source of the old Latin and Syriac.
Arius had received his theological education in the school of the presbyter Lucian of Antioch, a learned man, and distinguished especially as a biblical scholar.
Lucian's Christ, then, was not " perfect man," for that which constituted in him the personal element was a divine essence; nor was he " perfect God," for the divine essence having become a person was other than the One God, and of a nature foreign to him.
Those bishops who, like him, had passed through the school of Lucian were not inclined to let him fall without a struggle, as they recognized in the views of their fellow-student their own doctrine, only set forth in a somewhat radical fashion.
In addressing to Eusebius of Nicomedia a request for his help, Arius ended with the words: " Be mindful of our adversity, thou faithful comrade of Lucian's school (vvXAowawitarils)"; and Eusebius entered the lists energetically on his behalf.
Though not primarily a moon-goddess, she sometimes appears in this character (Lucian, Dea syr.
Following other synchronisms, the Septuagint (Lucian's recension) names Ahaziah of Judah; from 2 Kings i.
Lucian the great exegete of Antioch and his school derived their inspiration from Paul, and he was through Lucian a forefather of Arianism.
Lucian of Samosata.
See Lucian, Macrobii, 22; Plutarch, Demetrius, 39; Diod.
The bombardment of Dresden (to which city he had meanwhile returned) on the 18th of July 1760, destroyed all his possessions, including an almost finished edition of Lucian, based on a valuable codex of the Dresden Library.
ASTERIUS, of Cappadocia, sophist and teacher of rhetoric in Galatia, was converted to Christianity about the year 300, and became the disciple of Lucian, the founder of the school of Antioch.
During the persecution under Maximian (304) he relapsed into paganism, and thus, though received again into the church by Lucian and supported by the Eusebian party, never attained to ecclesiastical office.
According to Lucian, the earthenware lamp which had belonged to the sage was bought by an antiquarian for 3000 drachmas.
Lucian Muller >>
Lucian, De dea Syria, § 12 seq.) are connected with the beliefs associating wells or springs with serpents and other occupants.
He is so described in the declamations ascribed to Lucian, and in the letters which bear his own name.
92; Lucian, Charidemus, 17).
14 (LXX) and Lucian, Dial.
The kingdom of Mesene, also called Characene, is known to us from occasional references in various authors, especially Lucian (Macrobii, i6),as well as from numerous coins, dated by the Seleucian era, which allow us to frame a fairly complete list of the kings.
Of the kings who apparently belonged to a Parthian dynasty, several bearing the name Cammascires are known to us from coins dated 8i and 71 B.C. One of these is designated by Lucian (Macrobu, I 6) king of the Parthians; while the coinage of another, Orodes, displays Aramaic script (Allotte de la Fuye, Rev. num., 4me srie, t.
728, 733, 736; Lucian, Macrob.
Early in life he went to Megara in Sicily, and after its destruction by Gelo (484) removed to Syracuse, where he spent the rest of his life at the court of Hiero, and died at the age of ninety or (according to a statement in Lucian, Macrobii, 25) ninety-seven.
He became a Cynic philosopher, and is a figure familiar to readers of Lucian.
Pius (Bologna, 1520), and the principal editions since have been those by Barth (1623), P. Burman (1731, in his edition of the minor Latin poets), Wernsdorf (1778, part of a similar collection), Zumpt (1840), and the critical edition by Lucian Muller (Teubner, Leipzig, 1870), and another by Vessereau (1904); also an annotated edition by Keene, with a translation by G.
At last the Land of Lanterns, borrowed from Lucian, is reached, and the Oracle of the Bottle is consulted.
He is distinguished from the two men who alone can be compared with him in character of work and force of genius combined - Lucian and Swift - by very marked characteristics.
He is much less of a mere mocker than Lucian, and he is entirely destitute, even when he deals with monks or pedants, of the ferocity of Swift.
He neither sneers nor rages; the rire immense which distinguishes him is altogether good-natured; but he is nearer to Lucian than to Swift, and Lucian is perhaps the author whom it is most necessary to know in order to understand him rightly.
Yet the figure of Zeus had almost faded from the religious world of Hellas some time before the end of paganism; and Lucian makes him complain that even the Egyptian Anubis is more popular than he, and that men think they have done the outworn God sufficient honour if they sacrifice to him once in five years at Olympia.
Mezhov and the Oriental Bibliography of Lucian Scherman.
Lucian of Samosata achieved a brilliant success with his ironic dialogues "Of the Gods," "Of the Dead," "Of Love" and "Of the Courtesans."
The title of Lucian's most famous collection was borrowed in the i 7th century by two French writers of eminence, each of whom prepared Dialogues des morts.
6, io; Lucian, De Dea Syria, 4) that Astarte and the moon were considered identical.
He had naturally read Lucian and Rabelais - possibly Crusoe and the Arabian Nights.
He also edited the text of Juvenal and Persius (1854) and Lucian's De conscribenda historia (1828).
On History: Lucian Carr, Missouri (" American Commonwealths" Series, Boston, 1892); L.
(ii.) Then follows book vii., the first thirty-one chapters of which are an adaptation of the Didache, whilst the rest contain various liturgical forms of which the origin is still uncertain, though it has been acutely suggested by Achelis, and with great probability, that they originated in the schismatical congregation of Lucian at Antioch.
All this points to the position of a "conservative" or semi-Arian of the East, one who belongs, perhaps, to the circle of Lucian of Antioch and writes before the time of Julian.
It seems clear then that the compiler was a Syrian, and that he also wrote the spurious Ignatian epistles; he was likewise probably a semi-Arian of the school of Lucian of Antioch.
The latter is believed to have been the work of Lucian.
Lucian, Jup. Trag.
38) and Lucian.
[12) that he outlived the Numantine War, which ended [in 132, and from Lucian (Macrob.
He died, at the age of eighty-two, of a fall from his horse (Lucian, Macrob.
The silence respecting him maintained by Quintilian and by Lucian may reasonably be taken to imply their agreement with Dionysius as to his merits as a master of style.
Diocletian's persecution secured the martyr's crown for the Edessenes Shamona, Guria (297), and Ilabbib (309), and shortly thereafter Lucian " the martyr," who though born at Samosata received his training at Edessa; but the bishop Qona, who laid the foundations of " the great church " by the sacred pool, somehow escaped.
K corresponds roughly to Westcott and Hort's Syrian Antiochian text; it was probably made by Lucian in the 4th century.
There he socialized with the likes of Francis Bacon, Lucian Freud, Dylan Thomas and the equally eminent No Knickers Joyce.
He mentions Peregrinus, whose history was described by Lucian, a Roman religious skeptic.
A large tame snake with a false human head, wound round Alexander's body as he sat in a shrine in the temple, gave " autophones " or oracles unasked, but the usual methods practised were those of the numerous oracle-mongers of the time, of which Lucian gives a detailed account, the opening of sealed inquiries by heated needles, a neat plan of forging broken seals, and the giving of vague or meaningless replies to difficult questions, coupled with a lucrative blackmailing of those whose inquiries were compromising.
See Lucian, 'AXÃ¯¿½EavSpos IkevSoÃ¯¿½avrns; Samuel Dill, Roman Society from Nero to Marcus Aurelius (1904); and F.
Here they are in line with non-Christian writers or culture-mockers like Lucian of Samosata; or graver spirits like Porphyry, who champions Neo-Platonism as a rival to Christianity, and does pioneer work in criticism by attacks on some of the Old Testament books.
By his eighth year he had read Aesop's Fables, Xenophon's Anabasis, and the whole of Herodotus, and was acquainted with Lucian, Diogenes Laertius, Isocrates and six dialogues of Plato (see his Autobiography).
The orgies of Adonis in the temple of Baalit (Aphrodite Byblia) are described by Lucian, De Dea Syr., cap. vi.
on Lucian, vol.
is above all a pure philosopher, but also a man of deep religious feeling, whose quest and goal are the knowledge of God; Celsus, the friend of Lucian, though sometimes called Epicurean and sometimes Platonist, is not a professed philosopher at all, but a man of the world, really at heart an agnostic, like Caecilius in Minucius Felix, whose religion is nothing more or less than the Empire.
(See Hebrew Religion.) For examples, see Palmyra and Philistines; see further, Lucian, De dea syria, 36, for Hierapolis; Zosimus i.
At Florence the earliest editions of Homer (1488) and Isocrates (1493) had been produced by Demetrius Chalcondyles, while Janus Lascaris was the first to edit the Greek anthology, Apollonius Rhodius, and parts of Euripides, Callimachus and Lucian (1494-1496).
Studien aus Wurttemberg (1888), p. 36 seq.; Nardin, "Essai sur les prophetes de l'eglise primitive," Thesis, (Paris, 1888); Weinel, "Die Wirkungen des Geistes and der Geister im nachapostolischen Zeitalter bis auf I renaeus," (1899); Selwyn, "The Christian Prophets 1 See Lucian's story about Peregrinus, and that chapter of the OcSax,i where the author labours to establish criteria for distinguishing false prophets from true.
The first example of polite controversial irony since Lucian, the Provinciales have continued to be the best example of it during more than two centuries in which the style has been sedulously practised, and in which they have furnished a model to generation after generation.
Vesp. 8; Eutrop. 8.19), the celebrated Greek writer Lucian the Satirist was born in the 2nd century (see Lucian), and more than a century later another Lucian, known as the Martyr, and Paul called "of Samosata."
Some would attribute to him the Tabula Cebetis (see below),but as that work was well known in the time of Lucian, it is probably to be placed earlier.
People like Lucian are hated by modern Christians for exposing the scams of some of the early Christian crooks.
Martial and Lucian both portray exclusive lesbians, examples that are famous topoi in the literature of lesbianism.
One Lycan, Lucian, slowly rises up and bands together more Lycans to take down Viktor, the sadistic vampire king.
When Sonja was young, she fell in love with Lucian and she became pregnant with his child.
British actor Michael Sheen took on the role as head of the Lycan clan, Lucian.
For centuries many believed Lucian was dead, only to return and become one of the most feared and ruthless leaders of the Lycan clan.
Appearing in all three films, Shane Brolly's Death Dealer character Kraven was first credited with killing Lucian.
Selene later saw Lucian was alive, confirming her doubts about Kraven's abilities as a Death Dealer as well as his loyalties.
The first four volumes, originally published in Mentor Books and recently reprinted by Scarecrow Books, trace the origins of science fiction from Lucian of Samosata through Wells, Heinlein, and Asimov, up to George Alec Effinger.
The word usage examples above have been gathered from various sources to reflect current and historial usage. They do not represent the opinions of YourDictionary.com.