Liquids sentence example

liquids
  • The instrument affords a ready method of transferring liquids.
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  • Pasteur first formulated the idea that bacteria are responsible for the diseases of fermented liquids; the corollary of this was a demand for pure yeast.
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  • The glycols are somewhat thick liquids, of high boiling point, the pinacones only being crystalline solids; they are readily soluble in water and alcohol, but are insoluble in ether.
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  • The next higher members of the series are liquids of low boiling point also readily soluble in water, the solubility and volatility, however, decreasing with the increasing carbon content of the molecule, until the highest members of the series are odourless solids of high boiling point and are insoluble in water.
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  • It may bite and devour solid food, while the imago sucks liquids.
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  • In boiling liquids its formation may be prevented by adding paraffin wax; the wax melts and forms a ring on the surface of the liquid, which boils tranquilly in the centre.
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  • For the distillation of liquids the retort is usually a cylindrical pot placed vertically; cast iron is generally employed, in which case the bottom is frequently incurved and thicker than the sides in order to take up the additional wear and tear.
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  • If we melt copper and add to it about 30% of zinc, or 20 of tin, we obtain uniform liquids which when solidified are the well-known substances brass and bell-metal.
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  • Potential in a certain sense is to electricity as difference of level is to liquids or difference of temperature to heat.
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  • To every proposition in electrostatics there is thus a corresponding one in the hydrokinetic theory of incompressible liquids.
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  • Some amalgams are liquids, especially when containing a large proportion of mercury; others assume a crystalline form.
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  • In liquids sound waves are longitudinal as they are in air.
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  • With the DNA you could tell whose finger it was, if you happened to have the rest of the guy's body or a few squirts of his liquids.
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  • Boron fluoride also combines with ammonia gas, equal volumes of the two gases giving a white crystalline solid of composition BF 3 NH 3 i with excess of ammonia gas, colourless liquids BF 3.2NH 3 and BF 3.3NH 3 are produced, which on heating lose ammonia and are converted into the solid form.
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  • For the composition of the numerous liquids and powders special works must be consulted, but the following principles apply generally.
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  • In his eighteenth year, while still a student in Edinburgh, he contributed two valuable papers to the Transactions of the same society - one of which, " On the Equilibrium of Elastic Solids," is remarkable, not only on account of its intrinsic power and the youth of its author, but also because in it he laid the foundation of one of the most singular discoveries of his later life, the temporary double refraction produced in viscous liquids by shearing stress.
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  • According to Louis Pasteur, about oth of the sugar transformed under ordinary conditions in the fermentation of grape juice and similar saccharine liquids into alcohol and other products becomes converted into glycerin.
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  • Brewers' wort remains unchanged for years, milk keeps permanently sweet, and these and other complex liquids remain unaltered when freely exposed to air from which all these minute organisms are removed.
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  • The residues from petroleum distillation have been shown to contain very dense solids and liquids of high specific gravity, having a large proportion of carbon and possessed of remarkable fluorescent properties.
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  • With Sydney Young and others he investigated the critical state and properties of liquids and the relationship between their vapour pressures and temperature, and with John Shields he applied measurements of the surface tension of liquids to the determination of their molecular complexity.
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  • Kopp, begun in 1842, on the molecular volumes, the volume occupied by one gramme molecular weight of a substance, of liquids measured at their boiling-point under atmospheric pressure, brought to light a series of additive relations which, in the case of carbon compounds, render it possible to predict, in some measure, the cornposition of the substance.
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  • Silicon Tetramethyl, Si(CH3)4 (tetramethyl silicane), and silicon tetraethyl, Si(C2H5)4, are both liquids.
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  • These normal esters are colourless, pleasantsmelling liquids, which are readily soluble in water.
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  • All metals, when exposed in an inert atmosphere to a sufficient temperature, assume the form of liquids, which all present the following characteristic properties.
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  • These liquids, when exposed to higher temperatures, some sooner than others, pass into vapours.
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  • In the hands of Blaise Pascal (1623-1662) hydrostatics assumed the dignity of a science, and in a treatise on the equilibrium of liquids (Sur l'equilibre des liqueurs), found among his manuscripts after his death and published in 1663, the laws of the equilibrium of liquids were demonstrated in the most simple manner, and amply confirmed by experiments.
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  • For less volatile liquids the Liebig condenser is most frequently used.
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  • The method of weighing equal volumes is particularly applicable to the determination of the relative densities of liquids.
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  • For volatile liquids, a flask provided with a long neck which carries a graduation and is fitted with a well-ground stopper is recommended.
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  • Solids may be directly admitted to the tube from a weighing bottle, while liquids are conveniently introduced by means of small stoppered bottles, or, in the case of exceptionally volatile liquids, by means of a bulb blown on a piece of thin capillary tube, the tube being sealed during the weighing operation, and the capillary broken just before transference to the apparatus.
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  • In one, applicable only to liquids which do not mix, the two liquids are poured into the limbs of a U tube.
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  • The heights of the columns above the surface of junction of the liquids are inversely proportional to the densities of the liquids.
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  • They are colourless liquids, readily soluble in alcohol and in ether, but insoluble in water.
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  • Some of these colloids dissolve in water or other liquids to form solutions called by Graham hydrosols; Graham named the solids formed by the setting or coagulation of these liquids hydrogels.
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  • In the second form, named after Robert Hare (1781-1858), professor of chemistry at the university of Pennsylvania, the liquids are drawn or aspirated up vertical tubes which have their lower ends placed in reservoirs containing the different liquids, and their upper ends connected to a common tube which is in communication with an aspirator for decreasing the pressure within the vertical tubes.
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  • The heights to which the liquids rise, measured in each case by the distance between the surfaces in the reservoirs and in the tubes, are inversely proportional to the densities.
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  • The principle is readily adapted to the determination of the relative densities of two liquids, for it is obvious that if W be the weight of a solid body in air, W, and W2 its weights when immersed in the liquids, then W - W, and W - W 2 are the weights of equal volumes of the liquids, and therefore the relative density is the quotient (W - W,)/(W - W2).
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  • The first type is in commonest use; since both necessitate the use of dense liquids, a summary of the media of most value, with their essential properties, will be given.
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  • The method of using these liquids is in all cases the same; a particle is dropped in; if it floats a diluent is added and the mixture well stirred.
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  • The colour of sea-water as it is seen on board ship is most readily determined by comparison with the tints of Forel's xanthometer or colour scale, which consists of a series of glass tubes fixed like the rungs of a ladder in a frame and filled with a mixture of blue and yellow liquids in varying proportions.
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  • The solubility of the gas in various liquids, as given by different observers, is zoo Volumes of Brine Water Alcohol Paraffin Carbon disulphide Fusel oil Benzene Chloroform Acetic acid Acetone It will be seen from this table that where it is desired to collect and keep acetylene over a liquid, brine, i.e.
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  • In the case of liquids containing strong acids or alkalis, which the paper cannot withstand, a plug of carefully purified asbestos or glass-wool (spun glass) is often employed, contained in a bulb blown as an enlargement on a narrow "filtertube."
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  • For separating liquids from solids of a fibrous or crystalline character "hydroextractors" or "centrifugals" are frequently employed.
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  • Usually air is the medium through which sound travels, but it can travel through solids or liquids.
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  • Ammonium salts too are found distributed through all fertile soil, in sea-water, and in most plant and animal liquids, and also in urine.
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  • In 1714 Ditton published his Discourse on the Resurrection of Jesus Christ; and The New Law of Fluids, or a Discourse concerning the Ascent of Liquids in exact Geometrical Figures, between two nearly contiguous Surfaces.
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  • In their phy s ical properties, the olefines resemble the normal paraffins, the lower members of the series being inflammable gases, the members from C5 to C14 liquids insoluble in water, and from C16 upwards of solids.
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  • The gallon is the standard measure of capacity in the imperial system for liquids and for dry goods.
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  • The system of multiples was for liquids --
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  • He thus enunciated the law of the expansion of gases, stated some months later by Gay-Lussac. In the two or three years following the reading of these essays, he published several papers on similar topics, that on the "Absorption of gases by water and other liquids" (1803), containing his "Law of partial pressures."
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  • He published many physical memoirs on electricity, the dilatation of liquids by heat, specific heats, capillary attraction, atomic volumes &c. as well as a treatise in 4 volumes on Fisica di corpi ponderabili (1837-1841).
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  • The ketones are of neutral reaction, the lower members of the series being colourless, volatile, pleasant-smelling liquids.
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  • First, if the skeleton which it forms is continuous, then its planes of junction with the metallic matrix offer a path of low resistance to the passage of liquids or gases, or in short they make the metal so porous as to unfit it for objects like the cylinders of hydraulic presses, which ought to be gas-tight and water-tight.
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  • No trace of animal life is to be found in this zone; for the greater part of the year it is covered with snow, but by the end of summer this has almost all melted, except for that preserved in the covered pits in which it is stored for use for cooling liquids, &c., in Catania and elsewhere.
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  • The esters of the aliphatic and aromatic acids are colourless neutral liquids, which are generally insoluble in water, but readily dissolve in alcohol and ether.
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  • The function of the veins which consist of vessels and fibres is to form a rigid framework for the leaf and to conduct liquids.
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  • This is termed convection, and is most important in the case of liquids and gases owing to their mobility.
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  • The conductivity of liquids has been investigated by similar methods, generally variations of the thin plate or guard-ring method.
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  • Large jars of light brown pottery were made for storing liquids and grain, with narrow necks which just admit the hand (P.K.).
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  • The tetra-alkyl derivatives are liquids, the remainder being solids.
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  • Regarding heat (matiere de feu or fluide igne) as a peculiar kind of imponderable matter, Lavoisier held that the three states of aggregation - solid, liquid and gas - were modes of matter, each depending on the amount of matiere de feu with which the ponderable substances concerned were interpenetrated and combined; and this view enabled him correctly to anticipate that gases would be reduced to liquids and solids by the influence of cold and pressure.
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  • Similar liquids are obtained with a basis of sodium (" eau de Javel "), by passing chlorine into solutions of sodium carbonate.
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  • The ethers are neutral volatile liquids (the first member, methyl ether, is a gas at ordinary temperature).
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  • Regnault executed a careful redetermination of the specific heats of all the elements obtainable, and of many compounds - solids, liquids and gases.
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  • In The Case Of Water Or Other Liquids It Is Necessary To Employ A Platinum Wire Stretched Along The Tube As Heating Conductor.
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  • In The Case Of Solids And Liquids Under Ordinary Conditions Of Pressure, The External Work Of Expansion Is So Small That It May Generally Be Neglected; But With Gases Or Vapours, Or With Liquids Near The Critical Point, The External Work Becomes So Large That It Is Essential To Specify The Conditions Under Which The Specific Heat Is Measured.
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  • Another method, which is suitable for volatile liquids or low temperatures, is to allow the liquid to evaporate in a calorimeter, and to measure the quantity of heat required for the evaporation of the liquid at the temperature of the calorimeter and at saturation-pressure.
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  • The majority of the metallic chlorides are solids (stannic chloride, titanic chloride and antimony pentachloride are liquids) which readily volatilize on heating.
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  • The chlorides of the nonmetallic elements are usually volatile fuming liquids of low boilingpoint, which can be distilled without decomposition and are decomposed by water.
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  • The first published research (1816) dealt with the dilatation of solids, liquids and gases and with the exact measurement of temperature, and it was followed by another in 1818 on the measurement of temperature and the communication of heat, which was crowned by the French Academy.
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  • The principles of the support, as a whole, of a structure resting on the land, are so far identical with those which regulate the equilibrium and stability of the several parts of that structure that the oni principle which seems to require special mention here is one whic comprehends in one statement the power both of liquids and of loose earth to support structures.
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  • To apply this to liquids p must be made zero, and then StE = I, as is well known.
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  • He determined the specific gravity of these gases with reference to common air, investigated the extent to which they are absorbed by various liquids, and noted that common air containing one part in nine by volume of fixed air is no longer able to support combustion, and that the air produced by fermentation and putrefaction has properties identical with those of fixed air obtained from marble.
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  • The phenomena attendant on the passage of electricity through solids, through liquids and through gases, are described in the article Electric conduction, and also Electrolysis, and the propagation of electrical vibrations in Electric Waves.
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  • He made many measurements of the electric conductivity of different solids and liquids, by comparing the intensity of the electric shock taken through his body and various conductors.
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  • By various experiments with liquids in tubes he found this power was nearly unity.
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  • Experimental methods were devised for the further exact measurements of the electromagnetic velocity and numerous determinations of the dielectric constants of various solids, liquids and gases, and comparisons of these with the corresponding optical refractive indices were conducted.
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  • Electrolysis.-The study of the transfer of electricity through liquids had meanwhile received much attention.
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  • The theory of the ionization of salts in solution has raised much discussion amongst chemists, but the general fact is certain that electricity only moves through liquids in association with matter, and simultaneously involves chemical dissociation of molecular groups.
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  • The operation called an electric current consists in a diffusion or movement of these electrons through matter, and this is controlled by laws of diffusion which are similar to those of the diffusion of liquids or gases.
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  • The flow of the liquids, in and out, can be so arranged that the motion is very slow, and hence the liquids of different densities do not mix.
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  • The liquids 1 and r were brought into the system, the initial forms 11 and rh being regarded as " radical."
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  • The advantage of keeping the solution in motion is due partly to the renewal of solution thus effected in the neighbourhood of the electrodes, and partly to the neutralization of the tendency of liquids undergoing electrolysis to separate into layers, due to the different specific gravities of the solutions flowing from the opposing electrodes.
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  • The main object is to see that the liquids are distributed evenly while the fibre is passing through, and to stop the supply when the machine stops or when no fibre is passing.
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  • The action between the capillary tube and the water has been called capillary action, and the name has been extended to many other phenomena which have been found to depend on properties of liquids and solids similar to those which cause water to rise in capillary tubes.
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  • He attributed this force, however, not to any general property of the surfaces of liquids, but to the fatty part of the soap which he supposed to separate itself from the other constituents of the solution, and to form a thin skin on the outer face of the bubble.
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  • He did not, however, enter into the explanation of particular phenomena, as this had been done already by Laplace, but he pointed out to physicists the advantages of the method of Segner and Gay Lussac, afterwards carried out by Quincke, of measuring the dimensions of large drops of mercury on a horizontal or slightly concave surface, and those of large bubbles of air in transparent liquids resting against the under side of a horizontal plate of a substance wetted by the liquid.
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  • The experimental evidence which Dupre obtained bearing on the molecular structure of liquids must be very valuable, even if our present opinions on this subject should turn out to be erroneous.
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  • This tendency of the surface to contract itself is called the surface-tension of liquids.
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  • If the liquid is in contact with another liquid, let us distinguish quantities belonging to the two liquids by suffixes.
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  • We shall then have E 1 - Mixoi S f El E - 4 S 2 Adding these expressions, and dividing the second member by S, we obtain for the tension of the surface of contact of the two liquids T,.
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  • If, however, it were negative, the displacement of the liquids which tends to enlarge the surface of contact would be aided by the molecular forces, so that the liquids, if not kept separate by gravity, would at length become thoroughly mixed.
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  • In fact, the quantity 41rp 2 K, which we may call with van der Waals the molecular pressure, is so great for most liquids (5000 atmospheres for water), that in the parts near the surface, where the molecular pressure varies rapidly, we may expect considerable variation of density, even when we take into account the smallness of the compressibility of liquids.
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  • The tension of the surface separating two liquids which do not mix cannot be deduced by any known method from the tensions of the surfaces of the liquids when separately in contact with air.
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  • If four fluids, a, b, c, d, meet in a point 0, and if a tetrahedron AB CD is formed so that its edge AB represents the tension of the surface of contact of the liquids a and b, BC that of b and c, and so on; then if we place this tetrahedron so that the face ABC is normal to the tangent at 0 to the line of concourse of the fluids abc, and turn it so that the edge AB is normal to the tangent plane at 0 to the surface of contact of the fluids a and b, then the other three faces of the tetrahedron will be normal to the tangents at 0 to the other three lines of concourse of the liquids, an the other five edges of the tetrahedron will be normal to the tangent planes at 0 to the other five surfaces of contact.
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  • In both cases the liquids move in the direction in which the surface-pressure at the solid is least.
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  • The problem is to make the sum of the interfacial tensions a minimum, each tension being proportional to the square of the difference of densities of the two contiguous liquids in question.
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  • If a wine-glass be half-filled with port wine the liquid rises a little up the side of the glass as other liquids do.
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  • Plateau attributed these differences to a special quality of the liquids, named by him " superficial viscosity."
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  • Extremely local contacts of the liquids, while opposed by capillary tension which tends to keep the surfaces flat, are thus favoured by the electrical forces, which moreover at the small distances in question act with exaggerated power.
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  • If K is the height of the flat surface of the drop, and k that of the point where its tangent plane is vertical, then T = 1(K - k) 2gp. Quincke finds that for several series of substances the surfacetension is nearly proportional to the density, so that if we call Surface-Tensions of Liquids at their Point of Solidification.
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  • Not only so, the isolation of the cells facilitates the exchange of liquids and gases, the passage in of food materials and out of enzymes and products of metabolism, and thus each unit of protoplasm obtains opportunities of immediate action, the results of which are removed with equal.
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  • Technically and scientifically the term syrup is also employed to denote viscid, generally residual, liquids, containing substances other than sugar in solution.
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  • In 1823, when Faraday liquefied chlorine, he read a paper which suggested the application of liquids formed by the condensation of gases as mechanical agents.
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  • Differences between crystals and organized bodies have no bearing on the problem of life, for organic substance must be compared with a liquid rather than with a crystal, and differs in structure no more from inorganic liquids than these do amongst themselves, and less than they differ from crystals.
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  • But inorganic liquids also grow in the latter mode, as when a soluble substance is added to them.
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  • Although these are the most obvious characters of life, they cannot be detected in quiescent seeds, which we know to be alive, and they are displayed in a fashion very like life by inorganic foams brought in contact with liquids of different composition.
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  • The non-metallic bromides are usually liquids, which are readily decomposed by water.
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  • The law of absorption expressed by the formula (2) has been verified by experiments for various solids, liquids and gases.
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  • Since the reactions occur among gases and liquids in the nebulous state, vast spaces have to be provided in which the process may be carried out as completely as possible before the waste gases are allowed to escape into the outer air.
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  • These spaces cannot be constructed in any other way than is actually done in the shape of the lead chambers; neither iron nor brickwork can be employed for this purpose, as they would be quickly destroyed by the acid liquids and gases.
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  • But here we distinguish between fluids according as they are gases or liquids.
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  • They may be divided into - (a) Solids, such as the coke and retort carbon; (b) liquids, consisting of the tar and ammoniacal liquor; and (c) gases, consisting of the unpurified `coal gas.
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  • Coal gas, being a mixture of gases and vapours of liquids having very varying boiling points, must necessarily undergo physical changes when the temperature is lowered Vapours of liquids of high boiling point will be condensed more quickly than those having lower boiling points, but condensation of each vapour will take place in a definite ratio with the decrease of temperature, the rate being dependent upon the boiling point of the liquid from which it is formed.
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  • Chossat (Sur l'inanition, Paris, 1843) to live three times as long as those who were deprived of solids and liquids at the same time.
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  • The verb is used for the creaming or frothing of liquids and of the suffusing of the skin with blood.
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  • The leading purpose for which it is used is for forming bungs and stoppers for bottles and other vessels containing liquids.
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  • Many substitutes have been proposed for cork as a stoppering agent; but except in the case of aerated liquids none of these has recommended itself in practice.
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  • The lower members are colourless mobile liquids, readily soluble in water and exhibiting a characteristic odour and taste.
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  • The normal alcohols containing r to 16 carbon atoms are liquids at the ordinary temperatures; the higher members are crystalline, odourless and tasteless solids, closely resembling the fats in appearance.
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  • It is very soft and musical, full of vowels and liquids, and free from all harsh gutturals.
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  • The arsines and arsine chlorides are liquids of overpowering smell, and in some cases exert an extremely irritating action on the mucous membrane.
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  • And Marsh's test is very unmanageable with organic liquids on account of the uncontrollable frothing that takes place.
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  • Further, certain cubic crystals, such as sodium chlorate and bromate, and also some liquids and even vapours, rotate the plane of polarization of the light that traverses them, whatever may be the direction of the stream.
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  • Fleischl for demonstrating circular polarization in liquids.
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  • He communicated papers to the Philosophical Society of Glasgow before the work of that society was recorded in Transactions, but his first published paper, "On the Absorption of Gases by Liquids," appeared in the Annals of Philosophy for 1826.
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  • His early work on the movements of gases led him to examine the spontaneous movements of liquids, and as a result of the experiments he divided bodies into two classes - crystalloids, such as common salt, and colloids, of which gum-arabic is a type - the former having high and the latter low diffusibility.
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  • They are colourless liquids, which are insoluble in water and possess a characteristic offensive smell.
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  • The immersion liquids in common use are water, glycerine, cedar-wood oil, monobromnaphthalene, &c. Immersion systems in which the embedding liquid, coverslip, immersion-liquid and front lens have equal refractive indices are called " homogeneous immersion systems."
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  • Very finely divided sub-microscopic particles in liquids or in transparent solids can be examined; and the method has proved exceptionally valuable in the investigation of colloidal solutions.
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  • Linde also examined the physical properties of various liquids, and, after making trials with methylic ether in 1872, built his first ammonia compression machine in 1873.
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  • Apart from the economical working of the machine itself, whatever system may be adopted, it is of importance that cold once produced should not be wasted, and it is therefore necessary to use some form of insulation to protect the vessels in which liquids are being cooled, or the rooms of ships' holds in which the freezing or storage processes are being carried on.
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  • The self-alignment of crystallites manifests itself as patterns of optical birefringence when the liquids are viewed between crossed polars.
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  • Mixed tumors can occur Elderly patients are affected and they present with painless progressive dysphagia, initially to solids and then to liquids.
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  • By the next day, the spilled liquids had soaked through some papers.
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  • Never use the spark coil in the vicinity of flammable liquids or gases.
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  • More viscous liquids will require a longer draining time, less viscous liquids may over-deliver in the quoted time.
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  • Similarly, petroleum driven vehicles and inflammable liquids should not be kept in storage cupboards, as these too are fire risks.
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  • The SENTINEL is a fully automatic pump designed to remove corrosive liquids from landfill sites.
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  • The production of materials with novel structures from doubly metastable liquids has not previously been considered.
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  • Yet, for 12 years we have been allowed to carry on whatever liquids we wanted, ranging from nail varnish remover to Coke.
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  • Room temperature ionic liquids are liquids which consist solely of ions, e.g. molten sodium chloride.
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  • Everyone retired back to the club for some excellent and much needed sustenance, starting with the solids and progressing to the liquids.
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  • Liquids are dried either by means of the desiccator, or, as is more usual, by shaking with a substance which removes the water.
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  • Moreover, if we attribute such a structure to gases, we are led to attribute it to liquids and to solids also, since gases can be liquefied without any abrupt change, and many substances usually solid can be converted into gases by heating them.
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  • It was not recognized that many of the diseases of fermented liquids are occasioned by foreign yeasts; moreover, this process, as was shown later by Hansen, favours the development of foreign yeasts at the expense of the good yeast.
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  • Flux.A common event in the exudation of turbid, frothing liquids from wounds in the bark of trees, and the odours of putrefaction and even alcoholic fermentation in these are sufficiently explained by the coexistence of albuminous and saccharine matters with fungi, yeasts and bacteria in such fluxes.
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  • Ostwald has made the further proposal that the formulae of solids should be printed in heavy type (or within square brackets), of liquids (solutions, &c.) in ordinary type, and of gases in italics (or within curved brackets), so that the physical state of the substances 'might be indicated by the equation itself.
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  • In the article Condensation Of Gases (see also Molecule) it is shown that the characteristic equation of gases and liquids is conveniently expressed in the form (p+a/v 2) (v - b) = RT.
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  • The connexion between the density and chemical composition of solids has not been investigated with the same completeness as in the case of gases and liquids.
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  • This subject has been principally investigated by Briihl; he found that molecular dispersions of liquids and gases were independent of temperature, and fairly independent of the state of aggregation, but that no simple connexion exists between atomic refractions and dispersions (see preceding table).
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  • In gases the electrons sometimes travel alone, but in liquids they are always attached to matter, and their motion involves the movement of chemical atoms or groups of atoms. An atom with an extra corpuscle is a univalent negative ion, an atom with one corpuscle detached is a univalent positive ion.
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  • Torricelli, observing that in a jet where the water rushed through a small ajutage it rose to nearly the same height with the reservoir from which it was supplied, imagined that it ought to move with the same velocity as if it had fallen through that height by the force of gravity, and hence he deduced the proposition that the velocities of liquids are as the square root of the head, apart from the resistance of the air and the friction of the orifice.
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  • In the case of electrolytes we can go further, and calculate the diffusion constant itself from the theory of electrolytic dissociation (see Electric conduction, § In Liquids).
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  • Sir Isaac Newton devoted the 31st query in the last edition of his Opticks to molecular forces, and instanced several examples of the cohesion of liquids, such as the suspension of mercury in a barometer tube at more than double the height at which it usually stands.
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  • No instance, however, of a phenomenon of this kind has been discovered, for those liquids which mix of themselves do so by the process of diffusion, which is a molecular motion, and not by the spontaneous puckering and replication of the bounding surface as would be the case if T were negative.
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  • He found that dilution with water does not effect proportionate alteration in the transpiration velocities of different liquids, and a certain determinable degree of dilution retards the transpiration velocity.
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  • An absorption apparatus as applied to the cooling of liquids consist s s of a generator containing coils to which steam is supplied at suitable pressure, an analyser, a rectifier, a condenser either of the submerged or open type, a refrigerator in which the nearly anhydrous ammonia obtained in the condenser is allowed to evaporate, an absorber through which the weak liquor from the generator continually flows and absorbs the anhydrous vapour produced in the refrigerator, and a pump for forcing the strong liquor produced in the absorber back through an economizer into the analyser where, meeting with steam from the generator, the ammonia gas is again driven off, the process being thus carried on continuously.
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  • Spillages of any other liquids should be cleaned up immediately, no matter how small.
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  • Some even began swilling smoldering vials of unidentified liquids.
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  • There is currently a ban on bringing liquids, crèmes, and gels through airport security check points.
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  • When buying a sofa, be sure to check if the upholstery is or can be treated with a chemical coating that repels liquids and thus minimizes stains.
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  • A 5-quart sauce pan will help you heat liquids and reheat soup and stew leftovers.
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  • It can be used to carbonate liquids, creating your own beverages like root beer.
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  • It's best to use waterproof sheets with memory foam, as water and other liquids can damage the foam and cause it to lose its elasticity.
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  • Their are a number of gels, liquids and granules on the market to assist with the decomposition and passage of hairballs.
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  • Pour the liquids, preferably chilled, into the blender container first, followed by the frozen fruit and ice or dairy products.
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  • You should also check to see if liquids, like the juice from a fresh watermelon, hastens the disintegration of your party, grilling or picnic plates.
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  • Many diarrhea sufferers also become dehydrated and slippery elm tea is often well tolerated when other liquids are not.
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  • Aside from their standard selection of interior and exterior paints, Sherwin Williams also offers formulas to create faux finishes, such as glazing liquids and metallic and crackle finishes.
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  • There are pencils, kohls, gels, and liquids.
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  • Pencils and pens, liquids and powders, the forms of eyeliner are there to match your desired appearance.
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  • Pencils are easier to work with than liquids for beginners.
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  • Blush is available in a variety of formulas, ranging from powders and cream to liquids and gels.
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  • The straw forces the beverage to the back of your throat and therefore helps to avoid bathing your teeth in dark liquids.
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  • The pickles, peppers, and tomatoes can be placed in small bowls to prevent the liquids from seeping into the other ingredients.
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  • There are certain dangers associated with many brands of dishwashing liquids and laundry detergents.
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  • Liquids can be mopped up and you don't have to worry about the wood warping or having stains on your floor.
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  • Although the tiles are moisture resistant, liquids can seep into the seams and undermine the adhesive and even the subfloor underneath.
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  • Water Resistant - Glazed ceramic tiles can be impervious to liquids, so spills are easily cleaned up.
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  • Within the container of spray foam, two liquids are contained.
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  • When dispersing, the two liquids travel via their own hoses to the sprayer's tip where they meet.
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  • Be careful you don't saturate the carpet with water or other liquids; because the fabric is so dense, it will take a very long time to dry.
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  • Organic flours with high protein percentages absorb more liquids than flours with low protein.
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  • Flammable liquids should never be used in a fireplace.
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  • Always wear shoes with closed toes when working with heavy or heated items or any liquids.
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  • Statistics gathered by the World Health Organization show that each year more than 76 million people in the United States become ill from eating or drinking contaminated food or liquids.
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  • Place the meat in a dish so that when it thaws the liquids do not drip on other foods.
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  • Other flammable liquids should not be used to start an outdoor grill.
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  • Splash goggles are ideal for situations that involve liquids that may, as the name implies, splash up.
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  • There is special solution used that is a higher grade than store-purchased liquids and the disc rotates at an extreme speed so that the entire disc is repaired and cleaned.
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  • Cases are usually made of rubber, neoprene, or leather and are designed to help the cell phone withstand an impact, protecting it from potential disasters like spilled liquids.
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  • Consider how close the phone comes to glasses of water, beer or other liquids -- even food -- do you wonder how you haven't dropped your phone in liquid more?
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  • Baby bottle decay is caused by recurring exposure over time to sugary liquids.
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  • A variety of dosage forms are available, including oral solids, liquids, intravenous and intrathecal injections, and transcutaneous patches.
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  • Children's liquids are for teaspoonful dosing.
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  • Water or sports drinks are a better choice of liquids than soft drinks.
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  • Extra sleep and plenty of liquids to drink can help.
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  • It is especially important to watch for signs of dehydration, particularly if the child is not drinking liquids or seems too sick to drink.
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  • Fluids are replenished by having the child consume clear liquids.
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  • Rest is recommended and large quantities of clear liquids to flush out toxins and help prevent dehydration.
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  • The doctor will undoubtedly recommend giving clear liquids as often as possible to avoid dehydration from the high body temperature.
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  • Patients who aspirate or have food and liquids reaching their lungs have been shown to improve when thin liquids are removed from their diet.
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  • In some individuals, a tube from the stomach to the outside of the abdomen (gastrostomy tube) may be required to eliminate the need for swallowing large volumes of liquids and to decrease the risk of aspiration.
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  • A fourth group of children will drink liquids constantly because doing so soothes the burning feeling in their esophagus.
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  • Treatment at home should consist of acetaminophen for fever and comfort (not aspirin, which has been implicated in Reye's syndrome in children), increased intake of liquids, and a cool water vaporizer.
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  • Patients should be given a lot of liquids to drink, in order to avoid dehydration from the fever.
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  • Unfortunately, thick, greasy ointments seem to work better than vanishing creams, lotions, or liquids.
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  • Liquids may be best for the scalp, since they can penetrate the hair.
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  • It is important to try to encourage the child to take in adequate amounts of fluids, in the form of ice chips or Popsicles if other foods or liquids are too uncomfortable.
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  • The epiglottis can close down over the larynx when someone is eating or drinking, preventing these food and liquids from entering the airway.
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  • Baby bottle tooth decay occurs when sugary liquids, including milk, juice, or formula, cling to the baby's teeth, particularly when the child is put to bed with a bottle.
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  • Bottles containing liquids such as milk, formula, fruit juices, sweetened drink mixes, and sugar water continuously bathe an infant's mouth with sugar.
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  • Pacifiers dipped in sugar, honey, corn syrup, or other sweetened liquids also contribute to baby bottle tooth decay.
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  • In other cases, the individual may experience common early symptoms, such as sensitivity to hot and cold liquids or localized discomfort after eating very sweet foods.
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  • Parents can easily prevent baby bottle tooth decay by not allowing a child to fall asleep with a bottle containing sweetened liquids.
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  • Pacifiers, however, should never be dipped in honey, corn syrup, or other sweet liquids.
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  • When vomiting episodes stop, the child may feel better after eating easy-to-digest and bland foods such as clear liquids, crackers, gelatin, and plain toast.
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  • To help the child cope with a dry mouth, parents should encourage him or her to drink plenty of liquids.
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  • Semi-solid foods such as yogurt, jello, pudding, or ice cream may be easier to take in than liquids if the child is experiencing swallowing difficulty.
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  • If the child is able to keep the clear liquids down, milk or diluted formula can be given.
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  • Parents should encourage fluids by frequent offers of small amounts of the child's favorite liquids.
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  • During a period of active vomiting and diarrhea, solid food should be avoided and only small quantities of clear liquids should be consumed as frequently as possible.
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  • Babies should receive adequate water and other liquids during periods of high heat.
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  • An adequate intake of liquids and oral rehydrating solutions may be enough to treat mild dehydration.
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  • Minimal to moderate dehydration can be treated by giving the child generous amounts of fluids, including water, clear liquids, and oral rehydrating solutions containing glucose and electrolytes.
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  • Small sips of water, clear liquids, or ice chips are usually tolerated better than a large glass of liquid given all at once.
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  • For liquids, it is essential to use the proper measuring devices, such as a measuring dropper or medicinal teaspoon.
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  • Parents should offer the child clear liquids first to prevent dehydration and gradually reintroduce solid foods as the child's appetite improves.
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  • The source of this heat may be the sun (causing a sunburn), hot liquids, steam, fire, electricity, friction (causing rug burns and rope burns), and chemicals (causing caustic burn upon contact).
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  • Adequate nutrition, including liquids and electrolytes, is essential when recovering from burns.
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  • When the esophagus ends in a pouch instead of emptying into the stomach, food, liquids, and saliva cannot pass through.
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  • Doing so involves inspection of wiring; safe use and storage of flammable liquids; and maintenance of clean, well-ventilated chimneys, wood stoves, and space heaters.
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  • These usually contain a decongestant, but the decongestant in the nasal preparations can act more quickly and strongly than ones found in pills or liquids because it is applied directly in the nose.
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  • For liquids, this could mean putting it in a shallow container and letting it cool off or putting the container into an ice bath.
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  • The liquids are made for airbrushes, but they can also be applied with a brush.
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  • While most tea sets can hold liquids and are safe to be drunk from, take care if you find an older set at a yard sale or auction site; some sets aren't made for actual drinking.
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  • There are numerous benefits to taking vitamins through liquids rather than the normal pill form.
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  • There has even been evidence to support the theory that there is no difference between taking vitamins as liquids rather than pills.
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  • There is science behind the theory that older adults will not receive such amazing benefits from taking their vitamins as liquids.
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  • Here we'll cover the most obvious supplements, the kind of pills and liquids found in the health aisle of your average grocery store, but much of what is said here applies to exotic herbs and other supplements as well.
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  • Vitamin K liquids are more easily absorbed and used by the human body than pills, which must be broken down in the stomach.
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  • Most orders ship for a flat fee of $4.95 for Priority Mail, although some products, particularly liquids and aromatherapy products, must ship via UPS.
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  • When you place your order, you have the option of choosing the shipping method you prefer unless another carrier is required, as in the case of shipping liquids.
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  • Carlson's has a number of fish oil products that range from capsules to liquids.
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  • While you can buy traditional fish oil capsules from Carlson Laboratories, the company also makes fish oil available in flavored liquids like their Lemon Fish Oil and their Lemon Flavored Cod Liver Oil.
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  • The liquids are especially popular for their mild, pleasant lemon flavor that doesn't taste at all like fish, but it is easy to tell if it has become rancid just by sniffing it before you take it.
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  • Liquids can be swallowed with little danger of choking.
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  • You can take these liquids directly or mix them with juice if you find the taste unpleasant.
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  • When you supplement vitamin C, you can select many forms including pills and capsules, liquids and vitamin C powder.
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  • You often find sodium bicarbonate in antacids, baking powder, and effervescent liquids.
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  • Tablets must pass into the stomach, where stomach acids begin breaking them down, mixing them with other foods or liquids ingested before passing into the small intestine, where the vitamins are absorbed and used.
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  • Liquids bypass the time needed to break down a tablet, and the thought is that it makes them more readily available to the body.
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  • It is thought that liquids deliver more available vitamins than tablets.
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  • Mixing soluble fibers with liquids may cause them to expand prematurely.
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  • The glass blender bowl is for chopping small items and mixing boiling liquids.
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  • The blender jar is used to hold food and liquids for blending.
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  • It is prone to becoming warped in the dishwasher, or when hot and cold liquids are mixed together.
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  • The plastic insert can be removed to add additional food or liquids.
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  • If the touch pad is exposed to liquids or mistreated, it can cause the device to malfunction.
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  • It catches liquids and meat fat that would normally spill off the crumb tray.
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  • It has a large storage container that can fit 70 ounces of food or liquids.
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  • The container is also heat and cold resistant, meaning it will not break if exposed to high temperatures like boiling liquids.
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  • There are seven different speeds on the mixer; higher speeds allow you to beat through thick mixes, while lower speeds keep thin liquids from spraying out of the mixing bowl.
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  • The beaters can act as a whisk for mixing eggs, soups, ice cream mixes and other liquids.
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  • Infrared space heaters, or at least portable models, do not use gases or flammable liquids to generate the heat they produce, so they do not emit fumes or harmful emissions into the atmosphere, which can make them greener heating solutions.
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  • Do not submerge the mixer into water or any other liquids.
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  • Sealing Ring (Model number - 4900-003) - The sealing ring is a rubber gasket that fits around the base of the blade assembly to prevent liquids from leaking out of the jar.
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  • Using hot springs, engaging in sweat lodges, and tenting over steaming liquids are related.
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  • Part of the fun in learning how to make gel candles is discovering just how many ways you can manipulate and change the gel itself to resemble different liquids or objects.
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  • When you use coconut flour for baking, you should bear in mind that its dense consistency readily absorbs liquids in your recipes.
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  • Individuals with gluten sensitivity must avoid ingesting any foods or liquids which might contain gluten.
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  • Coconut flour, for example, absorbs liquids readily for which you must compensate with extra liquid.
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  • Just the right size for liquids and gels, the three ounce bottles in this Eagle Creek Pack-It Liquid/Gels Set will make life so much easier as you pack.
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  • Since you will not check carry on luggage, be sure to check airline requirements on liquids and items you can and cannot take through security.
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  • If slightly older kids are allowed to stir hot liquids or put items in the oven, they should do so with adult help and supervision.
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  • Your doctor may also suggest a fiber supplement which can be mixed into juice or other liquids.
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  • As always, make sure you follow travel guidelines regarding carry-on baggage, liquids and weight for checked bags.
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  • Carriers are liquids used to deliver the pigments beneath the skin.
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  • Also, avoid spicy foods and liquids because they can burn tissues in the recovering tongue.
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  • Take care not to eat extremely spicy foods or drink extremely hot liquids until after the tattoo has healed.
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  • They include baby formula, prescription medicine, diabetic supplies, and liquids for those with a medical condition.
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  • Many parents have purchased "wet/dry" tables (flat bins used to hold liquids for kids to play with) and filled them with beans or rice.
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  • The GVW also includes an allowance for liquids like fuel and oil.
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  • When cleaning a battery leak always be careful to prevent liquids from getting on the electrical connectors or into an electronic device.
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  • Don't let liquids stay on the floor for any length of time.
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  • After you've cleaned the surface area, make sure to wipe up any residual liquids to ensure the countertops are completely dry.
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  • It is a drastic measure to limit the amount of food intake and only allows liquids to be consumed.
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  • When you first see the cloudy looking vinegar you may wonder if it's spoiled, but the Mother is a substance that grows on fermenting alcoholic liquids.
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  • The Flat Belly Diet is similar to countless other weight reduction programs that encourage dieters to drink clear, calorie-free liquids.
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  • These don't have to be clear liquids but should consist of mostly water.
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  • While they are thicker than liquids, they are smooth with no discernable food remnants.
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  • Liquids are also sipped throughout the day, but are not taken with meals.
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  • Carbonated liquids are not allowed, so any diet soda has to be free of carbon bubbles before ingesting.
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  • The liquid diet can last a couple days, but some may have to stay on clear liquids longer before moving on to the semi-liquid phase.
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  • A clear liquid diet consists of clear liquids and foods that are liquid at room temperature.
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  • Liquids help dilute the amount of uric acid in your body.
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  • You should therefore aim to make plain water your primary source of liquids.
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  • To get the most out of your high fiber diet, you should also drink plenty of liquids to aid digestion.
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  • In addition to eating a balanced plant-based diet with moderate amounts of meats and seafood, medical professionals also suggest consuming plenty of water and other liquids, as well as reducing the amount of alcohol in your diet.
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  • Brining follows the same concept as marinating, and typically includes spices, including salt and other liquids.
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  • This will ensure you have plenty of room for all of the liquids as well as the mass of the turkey itself.
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  • Make Fake Breasts - Another YouTube video that shows you in detail how to make forms from household liquids and gels for a convincingly real outcome.
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  • Additionally, they can improve health by boosting circulation, helping to flush out trapped liquids and toxins.
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  • Finally, be sure you have plenty of comfortable chairs in shady areas, and provide lots of liquids, particularly for older party guests.
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  • The lady that only drank liquids was so sad.
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  • Follow the mixing instructions and don't add extra liquids.
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  • Skin care isn't limited solely to liquids, gels and scrubs.
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  • In light Kundt's name is widely known for his inquiries in anomalous dispersion, not only in liquids and vapours, but even in metals, which he obtained in very thin films by means of a laborious process of electrolytic deposition upon platinized glass.
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  • Its solvent power is also utilized in the production of various colouring fluids, where the colouring matter would not dissolve in water alone; thus aniline violet, the tinctorial constituents of madder, and various allied colouring matters dissolve in glycerin, forming liquids which remain coloured even when diluted with water, the colouring matters being either retained in suspension or dissolved by the glycerin present in the diluted fluid.
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  • Obviously, therefore, liquids are comparable when the pressures, volumes and temperatures are equal fractions of the critical constants.
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  • P. Dale; the more simple formula (n - i)/d, which remained constant for gases and vapours, but exhibited slight discrepancies when liquids were examined over a wide range of temperature, being adopted.
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  • Capillarity and Surface Tension.-Reference should be made to the article Capillary Action for the general discussion of this phenomenon of liquids.
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  • Ramsay and Shields suggested that there exists an equation for the surface energy of liquids, analogous to the volume-energy equation of gases, PV = RT.
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  • They are either colourless liquids, which boil without decomposition, or crystalline solids; and are both basic and acidic in character.
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  • In the combined state nitrogen is fairly widely distributed, being found in nitre, Chile saltpetre, ammonium salts and in various animal and vegetable tissues and liquids.
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  • The contact differences of potential at the interfaces of metals and electrolytes have been co-ordinated by Nernst with those at the surfaces of separation between different liquids.
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  • The interpretation of the phenomena of gaseous conduction was rendered possible by the knowledge previously acquired of conduction through liquids; the newer subject is now reaching a position whence it can repay its debt to the older.
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  • These liquids, either alone or mixed, are employed in making the rubber solutions used for technical purposes.
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  • Several experimenters have endeavoured to find a Hall effect in liquids, but such results as have been hitherto obtained are by no means free from doubt.
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  • The lower members of the series are neutral liquids possessing a characteristic smell; they are soluble in water and are readily volatile (formaldehyde, however, is a gas at ordinary temperatures).
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  • Alum finds application as a mordant, in the preparation of lakes for sizing hand-made paper and in the clarifying of turbid liquids.
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  • The nitro compounds are colourless, somewhat pleasant smelling liquids, which distil without decomposition and possess boiling points much higher than those of the isomeric nitrous esters.
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  • As pure tin does not tarnish in the air and is proof against acid liquids, such as vinegar, lime juice, &c., it is utilized for culinary and domestic vessels.
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  • A characteristic difference between guncotton and collodion cotton is the insolubility of the former in ether or alcohol or a mixture of these liquids.
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  • Exudates are poured out under inflammatory conditions, while none of the truly dropsical effusions are of inflammatory origin; and hence the class of exudates, as above defined, may be rejected from the category of liquids we are at present considering.
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  • Dropsical liquids are usually pale yellow or greenish, limpid, with a saltish taste and alkaline reaction, and a specific gravity ranging from 1005 to 1024.
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  • The subject of the conditions under which dropsical liquids are poured out opens up a very wide question, and one about which there is the greatest diversity of opinion.
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  • The simplest forms of pumps employed for forcing liquids are "plunger pumps," consisting essentially of a piston moving in a cylinder, provided with inlet and outlet pipes, together with certain valves.
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  • The liquid metals, when cooled down sufficiently, some at lower, others at higher, temperatures freeze into compact solids, endowed with the (relative) non-transparency and the lustre of their liquids.
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  • Liquids, again, can be poured from one open vessel into another, and can be kept in an uncovered vessel, but a gas tends to diffuse itself indefinitely and must be preserved in a closed reservoir.
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  • He proposes to support the strength by placing the patient in a tepid bath of nutritious liquids, that might enter by cutaneous imbibition, but does not recommend this.
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  • The primary amines are colourless liquids or crystalline solids, which are insoluble in water, but readily soluble in the common organic solvents.
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  • The dispersive powers of gases are, however, generally comparable with those of liquids and solids.
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  • They are mostly colourless liquids which boil without decomposition, or solids of low melting point.