It is on this basis of sentential elements that Powell has arranged the linguistic families of North America.
In the regions of greatest linguistic mixture is the greatest heterogeneity of cephalic index.
Only the latter, however, offered any linguistic evidence.
2 For linguistic evidence reference should be made to J.
It is clear, however, that the Celtic and Etruscan elements together occupied the greater part of the district between the Apennines and the Alps down to its Romanization, which took place gradually in the course of the 2nd century B.C. Their linguistic neighbors were Ligurian in the south and south-west, and the Veneti on the east.
In 14 other counties, on the linguistic frontier, they are either in a small majority or a considerable minority (61.6% in Szatmar, 18.9% in Torontal).
This is not merely a linguistic distinction.
Reiske's linguistic knowledge was great, but he used it only to understand his authors; he had no feeling for form, for language as language, or for metre.
They are important also as materials for linguistic study; and they have considerable historical value.
In his family tree of HomoAmericanus Keane follows out such a plan, placing the chief linguistic family names on the main limbs, North American on one side, and South American on the other.
The line of fortresses protecting Austria from Italy lies in some places well back from the political boundary, but just inside the linguistic frontier, so as to separate the German and Italian races occupying Austrian territory.
From a linguistic point of view, these treatises with their appendages, the more mystic and recondite Aranyakas and the speculative Upanishads, have to be considered as forming the connecting link between the Vedic and the classical Sanskrit.
Maria crushed Martha in her happy embrace, although what she'd perceived of the young girl's absence through the veil of her linguistic limitations was anyone's guess.
The Ahom language is the oldest member of the Tai branch of the Siamese-Chinese linguistic family of which we have any record.
Such a theory as that just mentioned hopelessly fails to account for the linguistic unity of the book.
This linguistic evidence, which is of quite unusual force, has never yet been fairly faced by those who deny Luke's authorship of Acts.
A comparison Linguistic ever, occupied the greater part of lands both north and south of Panama; the others were encysted in the territory of the prevailing families, or concealed in cols-de-sac of the mountains.
The same linguistic criteria recur, and the interest in lists and genealogies, in priests and Levites, and in the temple service point unmistakably to the presence of the same hand (the so-called "chronicler") in ChroniclesEzra-Nehemiah.
Thus, while of German periodicals ap p earing in Hungary there were in 1871 only 85, they increased in 1880 to 114, in 1885 to 141; and they were, at the beginning of 1895, still 128, in spite of the constant spread of that process of Magyarization which has, since 1880, considerably changed the linguistic habits of the people of Hungary.
Lastly, the linguistic eccentricities of the Apocalypse bar the way against the acceptance of the book as the work of the Evangelist.
Their relationship to the Babylonians and Jews is indicated by linguistic and ethnological data.
By the advice of Prokesch-Osten and Ebtvos, he paid a visit in the following June to London; there his daring adventures and linguistic triumphs made him the lion of the day.
Since the tribes practised far more in-breeding than out-breeding, the tendency was toward forming not only verbal linguistic groups, but biological varieties; the weaker the tribe, the fewer the captures, the greater the isolation and harder the conditions - producing dolichocephaly, dwarfism and other retrogressive characteristics.
Powell, "Indian Linguistic Families," 7th Report Bureau of American Ethnology (1891); H.
This linguistic poverty proves that the Australian tongue has no affinity to the Polynesian group of languages, where denary enumeration prevails: the nearest Polynesians, the Maoris, counting in thousands.
After spending six years in Constantinople, where he published a Turkish-German Dictionary and various linguistic works, and where he acquired some twenty Oriental languages and dialects, he visited Teheran; and then, disguised as a dervish, joined a band of pilgrims from Mecca, and spent several months with them in rough and squalid travel through the deserts of Asia.
Of the tribal distribution of this race, of its linguistic, social and political characteristics, and of the history of its relation to the other peoples of Spain, we have only the most general, fragmentary and contradictory accounts.
Aelius Stilo Praeconinus, who was the teacher of Varro and Cicero, much interest had been taken in literary and linguistic problems at Rome.
The almost total absence from Homer not only of "Dorians " but of " Ionians " and even of " Hellenes "leads to the conclusion that the diagrammatic genealogy of the " sons of Hellen " is of post-Homeric date; and that it originated as an attempt to classify the Doric, Ionic and Aeolic groups of Hellenic settlements on the west coast of Asia Minor, for here alone do the three names correspond to territorial, linguistic and political divisions.
Of these some are ancient and undisputed: the empire may not be partitioned, but Table Showing Distribution Of Races ' These totals include in some cases small linguistic groups not mentioned in the table.
To this linguistic excellence the writer owed the place accorded to him 1 "Plan de l'Ouvrage," Ouvres, tom.
- Humboldt's " Iberian theory " depended partly on linguistic comparisons, but partly on his observation of widespread similarity of physical type among the population of south-western Europe.
Such archaeological evidence as can be connected with the linguistic data will there be discussed.
His Commentarii grammatici in at least 29 books was an ill-arranged collection of linguistic, grammatical and antiquarian notes.
Attention is frequently called to the large number of linguistic families in America, nearly 200 having been named, embracing over 1000 languages and dialects.
His linguistic work indeed was always hampered by the lack of manuscript material, which is felt in his philological writings, e.g.
For the man of the towns its vocabulary was too copious to be easily understood, and in the age of linguistic studies many commentaries were written to explain words and idioms.
For the other books, the recognized Targum on the Prophets is that ascribed to Jonathan ben Uzziel (4th century ?), which originated in Palestine, but was edited in Babylonia, so that it has the same history and linguistic character as Onkelos.
Latin and its nearest congeners, like Faliscan); and (d) Umbrian (or, as it may more safely be called, Iguvine), two principles of classification offer themselves, of which the first is purely linguistic, the second linguistic and topographical.
See Cushing, Fewkes, Holmes, Hough, Stevenson.) On the Pacific side of the continent not one of the forty linguistic families made pottery.
Although this cannot be said to be proved, the studies, linguistic and archaeological, of Semitic scholars have shown it to be probable.
The results for each province or large state are tabulated locally, by districts or linguistic divisions.
According to the results obtained by the census committee of 1897, working on a linguistic basis, the distribution of races was as given in the table opposite: 1 Taken as a whole, only 13% of the population of Russia lived in towns in 1897, but in the years 1857-60 less than 10% was urban.
Of Baroti's purely linguistic works the best known are his Ortographia es Prosodia (Komarom, 1800); and the Kisded Szotdr (Kassa, 2784 and 1792) or " Small Lexicon " of rare Hungarian words.
But Rabbi Jonah saw the true vocation of his life in the scientific investigation of te Hebrew language and in a rational biblical exegesis based upon sound linguistic knowledge.
8, 3 is inconsistent with the linguistic evidence furnished by the postexilic literature of the Old Testament, and must be rejected as unhistorical, if only because the process by which Aramaic took the place of Hebrew was admittedly a very gradual one.
(3) Traces of customs, creeds, rituals, &c., in the Aegean area at a later time, discordant with the civilization in which they were practised and indicating survival from earlier systems. There are also possible linguistic and even physical survivals to be considered.
Special linguistic and other privileges were assured to the Italian minority in the Dalmatian towns, but no corresponding charter was granted to the four to five hundred thousand Slovenes and Croats annexed to Italy.
It is noticeable that this Targum has been considerably influenced by the Targum of Onkelos, and in this respect, as in others, is far less trustworthy than the Fragmentary Targum, as a witness to the linguistic and other peculiarities of the source from which they were both derived.
The author or the final redactor has impressed a certain linguistic character on the book, which differentiates it not only from all secular writings of the time, but also from all the New Testament books, including the Johannine.
The principal sources of information about the Iberians are (i) historical, (2) numismatic, (3) linguistic, (4) anthropological.
The Indians are remnant of a large number of tribes, most of which are aboriginal to this egion, and they represent ten or more distinct linguistic stocks.
This disintegration was caused neither by racial hate nor by linguistic patriotism.
The Koreans are expert linguists, and the government made liberal grants to the linguistic schools.
--It is probable from some metrical and linguistic peculiarities that xxv.
Linguistic facts and certain points in the contents seem to him to show that our Esther is a work of the age of the Seleucidae; more precisely he thinks of the time of the revolt of Molon under Antiochus III.
Girls mature faster than boys, are physically healthier, and are more advanced in developing oral and written linguistic skills.
Thus did he become the founder of the logical but linguistic analysis of reasoning as discourse (o w into propositions and terms. Nevertheless, the deeper question remained, what is the logical but mental analysis of reasoning itself (6 g o-co Xoyos) into its mental premises and conclusion?
But he laid too much stress on reasoning as syllogism or deduction, and on deductive science; and he laid too much stress on the linguistic analysis of rational discourse into proposition and terms. These two defects remain ingrained in technical logic to this day.
Aristotle's logic has often been called formal logic; it was really a technical logic of syllogism analysed into linguistic elements, and of science rested on an empirical basis.
But the same passage relegates conceptions and their combinations to the De Anima, and confines the De Inter pretatione to names and propositions in conformity with the linguistic analysis which pervades the logical treatises of Aristotle, who neither brought his psychological distinction between conceptions and their combinations into his logic, nor advanced the combinations of conceptions as a definition of judgment (Kcp16cs), nor employed the mental distinction between conceptions and judgments as an analysis of inference, or reasoning, or syllogism: he was no conceptual logician.
The history of logic shows that the linguistic distinction between terms and propositions was the sole analysis of reasoning in the logical treatises of Aristotle; that the mental distinction between conceptions (g vvocac) and judgments (a uiwara in a wide sense) was imported into logic by the Stoics; and that this mental distinction became the logical analysis of reasoning under the authority of St Thomas Aquinas.
man is running or not running; and reasoning is a combination of judgments: conversely, there is a mental analysis of reasoning into judgments, and judgment into conceptions, beneath the linguistic analysis of rational discourse into propositions, and propositions into terms. Logic, according to this new school, which has by our time become an old school, has to co-ordinate these three operations, direct them, and, beginning with conceptions, combine conceptions into judgments, and judgments into inference, which thus becomes a complex combination of conceptions, or, in modern parlance, an extension of our ideas.
Hence the linguistic expression is not a true measure of inference; and to say that an inference consists of two propositions causing a third is not strictly true.
But it is not the whole method of logic, which also and rightly considers the mental process necessary to language, without substituting linguistic for mental distinctions.
Nor are consciousness and linguistic analysis all the instruments of the logician.
Fortunately, we have more profound evidences, and at least three evidences in all: the linguistic expression of belief in the proposition; the consciousness of what we mentally believe; and the analysis of reasoning, which shows what we must believe, and have believed, as data for inference.
Finally, the great difficulty of the logic of judgment is to find the mental act behind the linguistic expression, to ascribe to it exactly what is thought, neither more nor less, and to apply the judgment thought to the logical proposition, without expecting to find it in ordinary propositions.
Inference is a deeper thinking process from judgments to judgment, which only occasionally and partially emerges in the linguistic process from propositions to proposition.
We may now then reassert two points about inference against Bradley's logic: the first, that it is a process from similar to similar, and not a process of identification, because two different things are not at all the same thing; the second, that it is the mental process from judgments to judgment rather than the linguistic process from propositions to proposition, because, besides the judgments expressed in propositions, it requires judgments which are not always expressed, and are sometimes even unconscious.
Recognizing a linguistic side to " logical " theory with a natural development in rhetoric, the Stoics endeavour to exorcise considerations of language from the contrasted side.
very closely akin to the Greek in alphabet as well as in linguistic character.
(Quellenkritik) is a comparatively new one, and the resources of analysis, linguistic in particular, are by no means exhausted.
If, however, as is the view of some of Fick's followers, the transposition took place several centuries earlier, before species of literature had appropriated particular dialects, then the linguistic facts upon which Fick relied to distinguish the " Aeolic " and " Ionic " elements in Homer disappear.
Sievers argued, on linguistic grounds, that it was a translation, with some original insertions, from a lost poem in Old Saxon, probably by the author of the Heliand.
Secondary education, formerly instituted on two separate lines, classical and scientific, has been reformed so as to give more prominence to scientific education, even in the classical (linguistic) lyceums or gymnasia.
This literature is more interesting from the linguistic than from the hagiologic point of view, and comes rather within the domain of the philologist.
Southall, Linguistic Map of Wales).
Elements of race-consciousness help to shape the outlook on nature or life: and slight differences of linguistic use in the coining of descriptive terms sometimes lead to the multiplication of divine forms. Exacter observation of nature; closer attention to its contrasts of life and death, or light and darkness, or male and 9 Cf.
- Fustel de Coulanges, La Cite antique (Paris, 1864); Lubbock, Origin of Civilization (1870); Whitney, Oriental and Linguistic Studies (New York, 1872 and 18 74); Brinton, The Religious Sentiment (1876); Myths of the New World' (New York, 1876); Essays of an Americanist (1890); Religions of Primitive Peoples (1897); Keary, Outlines of Primitive Belief (London, 1882); Leblois, Les Bibles et les initiateurs de l'humanite (4 vols.
Ellicott (4th ed., 1867, strong in linguistic and grammatical material), Prof. Eadie (Edinburgh, 1869), J.
Ngeli (Der Wortschatz des Apostels Paulus, 1905, pp. 85 seq.), whose opinion is all the more significant on this point that he refuses to admit any linguistic features adverse to the Pauline authorship of the other epistles.
Padre Ferreira de Almeida's translation of the Bible has considerable linguistic importance, and philological studies had an able exponent in Amaro de Roboredo.
Here, too, the occurrence of repetitions and divergencies, the variations of standpoint and practice, and, at times, the linguistic peculiarities point no less clearly to diversity of origin.
On his return he was despatched by the academy to the Caucasus on an ethnographical and linguistic exploration (1807-1808), and was afterwards employed for several years in connexion with the academy's Oriental publications.
The prolonged effort, mainly of English scholarship, to vindicate the superscription, even on the condition of assuming priority to the Pauline epistles, grows only increasingly hopeless with increasing knowledge of conditions, linguistic and other, in that early period.
But the official language and that of all the upper classes is of Semitic origin, derived from the ancient Himyaritic, which is the most archaic member of the Semitic linguistic family.
The subject matter, however, falls naturally into two divisions which are not coterminous with the linguistic sections; viz.
Eldad is quoted as an authority on linguistic difficulties by the leading medieval Jewish grammarians and lexicographers.
Excluding immigrants the languages spoken by the people of Bengal belong to one or other of four linguistic families - Aryan, Dravidian, Munda and Tibeto-Burman.
At the university he had acquired a distrust of philosophy, and found it difficult to choose between mathematical and linguistic studies.
Here he developed special aptitude for linguistic and philological studies.
He occupied himself in linguistic study, and had already, during his residence at Dinapur, been engaged in revising the sheets of his Hindostani version of the New Testament.
later supplements to P. The narratives of J and E can no longer be distinguished except from slight linguistic data, perceptible only to Hebrew scholars; but the three stages of development are quite apparent even in translations.
Other linguistic publications of Humboldt, which had appeared in the Transactions of the Berlin Academy, the Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, or elsewhere, were republished by his brother in the seven volumes of Wilhelm von Humboldt's Gesammelte Werke (1841-1852).
That it began at a very early period to enrich itself with Scandinavian words is shown by the use it still makes of forms belonging to a linguistic stage older even than that of Icelandic. Daben has subjected the vocabulary to a very interesting analysis for the purpose of discovering what stage of culture the people had reached before their contact with the Norse.
By the orthodox Moslems it is considered the standard commentary and almost holy, though it is not complete in its treatment of any branch of theological or linguistic knowledge of which it treats, and is not always accurate (cf.
The distinction between Croats and Serbs is religious, and, to a less extent, linguistic. Croats and Serbs together constitute a single branch of the Slavonic race, frequently called the Serbo-Croatian branch.
The course of this development was similar in both cases, except that the Croats, owing to their dependence on Austria-Hungary, were not so deeply influenced as the Serbs by Byzantine culture in the middle ages, and by Russian linguistic forms and Russian ideas in modern times.
The linguistic and literary reforms which Dossitey Obradovich and Vuk Stefanovich Karajich carried out in Servia about the close of this period helped to stimulate among the Croats a new interest in their national history, their traditions, folk-songs and folktales.
Max Muller's system was a result of the philological theories that indicated the linguistic unity of the Indo-European or " Aryan " peoples, and was founded on an analysis of their language.
Strehlow, Roth and Ridley seem best equipped on the linguistic side.
Only on the assumption that the book of Genesis is a composite work is it possible to explain the duplication of events, the varying use of the divine names Yahweh and Elohim, the linguistic and stylistic differences, the internal intricacies of the subject matter, and the differing standpoints as regards tradition, chronology, morals and religion.'
As said before, the division is primarily linguistic and, especially upon the border line, does not always correspond with the variations of physical type.
Here, amidst great linguistic confusion, may be distinguished the tribes of Yoruba speech in the Niger delta and the east portion of the Slave Coast; those of Ewe speech, in the western portion of the latter; and those of Ga and Tshi speech, on the Gold Coast.
In the case of the weights and measures the French names were also adopted, with only the necessary linguistic changes.
The Iberian Peninsula is not a linguistic unit.
It has only been possible to establish at the points of junction of two linguistic regions the existence of certain mixed jargons in which certain forms of each language are intermingled; but these jargons, called into existence for the necessities of social relations by bilinguists, have an essentially individualistic and artificial character.
The special development of the vulgar Latin tongue in Spain, and the formation of the three linguistic types just enumerated, were promoted by political circumstances.
Castiian.This name is the most convenient designation to apply to the linguistic domain which comprises the whole of central Spain and the vast regions of America and Asia colonized from the 16th century onwards by the Spaniards.
Within the Castilian domain, thus embracing all in Spain that is neither Portuguese nor Catalan, there exist linguistic varieties which it would perhaps be an exaggeration.
Leonese.Proceeding on inadequate indications, the existence of a Leonese dialect has been imprudently admitted in some quarters; but the old kingdom of Leon cannot in any way be considered as constituting a linguistic domain with an individuality of its own.
Gustavus was well grounded in the classics, and his linguistic accomplishments were extraordinary.
The languages reflect the linguistic diversity of the visitors to each location.
There is nothing very difficult - nor, in purely linguistic terms, anything very egregious - in the English.
All this detective work and attention to linguistic nuance slows our pace.
Lancaster's involvement in the project is the linguistic annotation of Shakespeare texts.
antinomyclass="ex">Language antinomies constitute the essence of language, and hence must be studied from both linguistic and philosophical points of view.
The linguistic characteristics of natural argumentation, including discourse markers, sentence format, referring expressions, and style.
avoidance tactics / boring word repetition / wrong pitch / linguistic preening / etc They listen and take notes.
Candidates whose first language is not English will be required to provide evidence of linguistic competence at the time of application.
Initial teacher education that includes a course in language proficiency and assesses trainees ' linguistic competence.
Were MPs and cabinet members really comfortable with the pager system enforcing a uniformed linguistic and ideological conformity from them?
Linguistic features include connectives, e.g. therefore, however, all in all, in other words.
consonant duration in cases of missing or hidden linguistic factors.
On Grice's picture, what is said is tightly constrained by linguistic meaning.
This Guide is aimed at those who are at some stage of building a linguistic corpus.
corpus of access to a great amount of linguistic data is not the only advantage of using computerized textual corpora.
The linguistic forms of this pointing are called deictic expressions, deictic expressions, deictic markers or deictic words; they are also sometimes called indexicals.
According to the first, linguistic determinism, our thinking is determined by language.
It is also discourteous toward those philosophers whose thinking one can, without refined knowledge of linguistic nuances, only pretend to study.
In addition, the Bayesian model reliably predicts consonant duration in cases of missing or hidden linguistic factors.
Compared to saving the rainforests, or helping pandas to breed, linguistic ecology can seem a bit tame.
Neuro Linguistic Programming and Learning Paul Hobbs explains the importance of mentally envisioning a successful outcome when beginning courses or activities.
linguistic ethnography and Institutions Knokke (Belgium ), 20-22 September 2006 A JOINT PROJECT ORGANIZED BY THE DEPT.
His treatment of linguistic matters seems exhaustive compared to Robertson, who in comparison seems almost to ignore it.
Many of these make no strict sense and stem from the same kind of linguistic exuberance that brought us cockney rhyming slang.
Users can now familiarize themselves with the amazing linguistic features of this powerful communication tool.
I applied to Oxford because the four-year course and the emphasis on linguistic fluency promised a deeper access to the ancient world.
The embryo has also been subject to linguistic gymnastics.
The reason here for using a socially heterogenous subject pool is to model more closely the normal linguistic situation in which we live.
MÃ¼hlhÃusler, Peter (1996) linguistic ecology: language change and linguistic imperialism in the Pacific region.
He called for reform in actions and deeds rather than the safety of linguistic legerdemain: Change and reform must continue.
linguistic competence independently.
linguistic diversity of the visitors to each location.
linguistic proficiency, it is also possible to arrange a study exchange in most European languages.
linguistic theory in the program.
Thus he moves beyond purely linguistic concerns to examine speech acts, speech events and role and status of the speaker and hearer.
The line-up was not linguistic, but religious, catholic versus protestant.
Professor Butler is a functional linguist rather than a translation scholar, so the viewpoint taken will necessarily be a primarily linguistic one.
The aspects which Shibatani focuses on as making Japanese in some sense unique are more social and cultural than strictly linguistic.
Iraq is a mosaic of different ethnic, religious, and even linguistic, communities.
To do so, we must formulate them in some more or less permanent (especially linguistic) form... .
People also need multiple literacies (including linguistic, social, interpretive, critical literacies) to use ICT.
Volunteers should preferably have linguistic, anthropological or agricultural experience.
Devic director of of the alexis we take a. Up and Club55plus out help overcome linguistic if sample orders gift-giving needs.
Thus, language planning is a very complex process, involving linguistic, social, psychological, environmental and other variables.
The Path of Prudence There are, as Miss Reames points out, ways to avoid generic masculines without resorting to linguistic monstrosities.
Conclusions The word masjid from a linguistic point of view refers to a place of prostration and worship.
I don't think any linguistic metaphysics is of any value unless account is taken of the points that it raises.
multipurpose linguistic resource will be especially appreciated by business people.
organized by linguistic categories.
peculiarity>linguistic peculiarities referring to an origination from a certain region are reported using the term ' revision ' .
pessimism about human nature, and an anxiety about ethical and linguistic relativism.
Hobbes and Cavendish shared pessimism about human nature, and an anxiety about ethical and linguistic relativism.
We present a statistical finite state model that combines prosodic, linguistic and punctuation class features.
He further suggests that this question is also relevant to discussions of dialectology and linguistic purism, among other areas of linguistics.
The calm yet purposeful atmosphere at Christopher Place must indeed be conducive to the children's linguistic development. top Kind Gifts!
Except, beyond the linguistic pyrotechnics, Ponge is a writer concerned with formulating an ethics.
Such results show the ability of the whole model to map visual scenes of objects into vague linguistic quantifiers.
Rather, the arguments deal with those who actually believe that Derrida promotes linguistic relativism.
The hypothesis of linguistic relativity, for example, is well known.
requisite linguistic competence.
The markedness of linguistic signs includes semantic marking: a marked or unmarked status applies not only to signifiers but also to signifieds.
Holmes, Janet (1999) Ladies and gentlemen: corpus analysis and linguistic sexism.
Language, text and linguistic signifier are all relative products.
Moreover, the argument requires the combining of purely linguistic data with historical and sociolinguistic, if not sociological, considerations.
Keywords: Spacial representation, spacial representation, spacial models, cognitive maps, linguistic structure.
Keywords: spacial representation, spacial models, cognitive maps, linguistic structure.
material supposition is when a term stands for a linguistic item as such.
taboos that are broken explicitly include the linguistic.
Our research also uses the techniques of linguistic typology to define the place of English within the diversity of human language.
unset parameters with absolute parameters than there was in cases of little linguistic variation.
In other words, the symbolic value of linguistic utterances is more important than the content of what one says.
verge of splitting apart because of linguistic differences.
Curtius (1856-1890) that the Ionians originated in Asia Minor and spread thence through the Cyclades to Euboea and Attica deserts ancient tradition on linguistic and ethnological grounds of doubtful value.
It was on that occasion pointed out that the ethnica or tribal and oppidan names of communities belonging to the Sabine stock were marked by the use of the suffix -NOas in Sabini; and that there was some linguistic evidence that this stratum of population overcame an earlier population, which used, generally, ethnica in -CO-- or -TI- (as in Marruci, Ardeates, transformed later into Marrucini, A rdeatini).
For the language see The Linguistic Survey of India, vol.
In the early history of southwestern Asia the Semites form the most important ethnic group, which is primarily linguistic but also shares other remarkable characteristics.
The latest theory, however, is that there is a great linguistic group (which may or may not prove to correspond to an ethnic unity) comprising the Munda, Monkhmer, Malay, Polynesian and Micronesian languages, and that the stream of immigration which distributed them started from the extreme west.
Thus, puzzling as the fact appears, it is clear that the Minaeans formed a sort of political and linguistic island in the Sabaean country.
a school had to be set up in which their language was used, national schools were assured even to linguistic minorities.
The linguistic importance of Mannyng's work is very great.
If only upon linguistic grounds - for the Hebrew of the book resembles often that of the Mishnah more than the ordinary Hebrew of the Old Testament - Ecclesiastes must be one of the latest books in the Hebrew canon.
At first, and indeed down to the middle of the 17th century, Jewish traditions and methods in the study of Hebrew dominated Christian scholars; but in the 17th and 18th centuries the study of other Semitic languages opened up that comparative linguistic study which was systematized and brought nearer to perfection in the 19th century (which also witnessed the opening up of the new study of Assyrian) by scholars such as Gesenius, Ewald, Olshausen, Renan, Noldeke, 'Stade and Driver.
With his wide linguistic knowledge Eichhorn perceived that the language alone (though he also adduces other considerations) betrays the late origin of Ecclesiastes, which he places in the Persian Period (538-332 B.C.): Canticles, too, preserves linguistic features which are not of the Solomonic age.
But linguistic and physical evidence are against this theory.
Thirty-five of these languages, with 69 dialects, he succeeded in classifying under II linguistic families.
These traditions, in some measure borne out by linguistic evidence of names, point to the immigration of detachments of a widespread race speaking a common language, which is represented by the Aztec, still a spoken language in Mexico.
Dr Lehmann's archaeological and linguistic researches, especially in Salvador and Nicaragua, also enabled him to prove another very important fact, viz.
The archaeological and linguistic evidence proves also that a great part of Salvador and Honduras was once occupied by peoples of the Maya race - Pokomam, Chorti and perhaps other unknown tribes.
A linguistic relationship can be established between all the Indian languages spoken on the Atlantic coast and in the interior of Nicaragua and Honduras.
If we can be sure - and the linguistic evidence admits of no doubt - that the Chorotega had their centre in Nicaragua and thence extended north-westwards, it may be hoped that Chorotegan remains will be found in the vast territory occupied for many centuries by the Maya peoples in the Pacific part of Guatemala.
In his fifteenth year he made the acquaintance of Kazinczy and zealously adopted his linguistic reforms. In 1809 Kolcsey went to Pest and became a "notary to the royal board."
He was distinguished above nearly all the writers of his time by his linguistic acquirements, his accurate and varied knowledge, and his critical sagacity.
Like so many of his countryman he displayed great linguistic ability, and his quick ear caught up even peculiarities of dialect.
(Bartolommeo Alberto Cappellari), pope from 1831 to 1846, was born at Belluno on the 18th of September 1765, and at an early age entered the order of the Camaldoli, among whom he rapidly gained distinction for his theological and linguistic acquirements.
Much light has been thrown on this group of questions in recent years both from linguistic and from archaeological sources.
The linguistic side of the matter may be conveniently dealt with here.
The completion of his school education at Noyon was followed by a brief apprenticeship to a trade, from which, however, he soon escaped, to pursue his linguistic studies at Paris.
The linguistic characteristics of the various Teutonic peoples have been dealt with under Teutonic Languages.
We have evidence, both archaeological and linguistic, that the cultivation of cereals in Teutonic lands goes back to a very remote period, while the antiquity even of the ox-plough is attested by the rock-carvings at Tegneby in Bohuslan (Sweden), which are believed to date from early in the bronze age.
It is clear both from literary and linguistic evidence that the character was chiefly used for writing on wood, but the inscriptions which have survived are naturally for the most part on metal objects - in Sweden, Norway and England also on monumental stones.
Konow, in his Linguistic Survey of India (1908).
A good deal of new research on the grammar is to be found in Grierson's Linguistic Survey of India, part III., 1908.
Logan has found ethnological and linguistic evidence of this domination, which was left unnoticed in the Indian histories.
If the Albanian and Hunnish versions could be found, they would be of the greatest linguistic importance.
Knox), almost purely linguistic and lexical, and include Assyriology: its Use and Abuse in Old Testament Study (1885), and the important revision of Gesenius, undertaken with S.
(1st ed., 1860; 2nd, 1871) was concerned with the origin and racial affinities of the Hindus, exhibiting all the then available evidences of their connexion, their linguistic, social and political kinship, with the other branches of the Indo-European stock.
It is in every sense a modern field, or rather a collection of fields, varying in physical, racial, social and linguistic character.
The London Mission has always been conspicuous for the contribution made by its agents to linguistic and literary knowledge, the name of James Legge being an outstanding example; it is now, in co-operation with other societies, earnestly taking up the new educational and medical openings.
On the other hand, grammatical and constructional examples may be cited from other more modern agglutinative idioms, in order to establish the truly linguistic character of the Sumerian peculiarities and to disprove the Halevyan contentions that Sumerian is really not a language at a11.4 It is not surprising that Halevy's view as to the cryptographic nature of Sumerian should have arisen.
Facts of this character taken by themselves would perhaps be sufficient to convince most philologists that in Sumerian we have an arbitrarily compounded cryptography just as Halevy believes, but these facts cannot be taken by themselves, as the evidences of the purely linguistic basis of Sumerian are stronger than these apparent proofs of its artificial character.
who cited, for example, the following very common interdialectic variations: Eme-ku gir=Eme-sal meri, " foot "; Eme-ku ner =Eme-sal sher, " ruler "; Eme-ku duga=Eme-sal zeba, " knee," &c. Such phonetic and dialectic changes, so different from any of the Semitic linguistic phenomena, are all the more valuable because they are set before us only by means of Semitic equivalents.
In view of the many evidences of the linguistic character of Sumerian as opposed to the one fact that the language had engrafted upon it a great number of evident Semitisms, the opinion of the present writer is that the Sumerian, as we have it, is fundamentally an agglutinative, almost polysynthetic, language, upon which a more or less deliberately constructed pot-pourri of Semitic inventions was superimposed in the course of many centuries of accretion under Semitic influences.
indic.) is closely parallel to the inflection of the same person in Sanskrit and of quite unique linguistic interest.
The First Plagues of Egypt.-In this section the analysis again reveals three main sources, which are clearly marked off from one another both by their linguistic features and by their difference of representation.
It does not correspond with any valid linguistic or racial difference; but in the course of time a strong religious difference arose.
The Fula language has as yet found no place in any African linguistic family.
The later Scots Chaucerian type is less directly derivative in its treatment of allegory and in its tricks of style, and less southern in its linguistic forms; but, though it is more original and natural, it nevertheless retains much of the Chaucerian habit.
are found; nor even, though that would be better, the linguistic one - but the chronological one.
Among American linguistic scholars March ranks with Whitney, Child and Gildersleeve; and his studies in English, though practically pioneer work in America, are of undoubted value.
The traditions of many of the Polynesian peoples tend to make Savaii, the largest of the Samoan Islands, their ancestral home in the East Pacific, and linguistic and other evidence goes to i Account of the Polynesian Race (1878), i.
It has further been established on strong archaeological and linguistic evidence that the long struggle between patricians and plebeians in early Rome was the result of a racial difference between them.
Meanwhile the literary instinct had begun to show itself; we hear of a novel in letters - a kind of linguistic exercise, in which the characters carried on the correspondence in different languages - of a prose epic on the subject of Joseph, and various religious poems of which one, Die Hollenfahrt Christi, found its way in a revised form into the poet's complete works.
On the other hand one of his latest works, the Nubische Grammatik (1880), is an elaborate grammar of the then littleknown Nubian language, preceded by a linguistic sketch of the African continent.
According to the linguistic survey of India no fewer than 147 distinct languages are recorded as vernacular in India.
Grierson, Linguistic Survey of India (1903); Sir Thomas Holdich, India (" Regions of the World " series) (1902); Sir John Strachey, India (1903); W.
The following account of the earlier period follows the main outlines of the traditional facts, corrected as far as possible by the inscriptional record; and further details will be found in the separate biographical, racial and linguistic articles, and those on the geographical areas into which India is administratively divided.
His power lay in the interpretation of literature rather than in linguistic study, and his influence over his pupils was exercised by his own fireside as well as in the relation, always friendly and familiar, which he held to them in the classroom.
(4) Linguistic. - Merguet, Lexicon to Oratorical and Philosophical Works; Le Breton, Etudes sur la langue et la grammaire de Ciceron (Paris, 1901); Norden, Die antike Kunstprosa (Leipzig, 1898); Th.
In Seoul there were established an imperial English school with two foreign teachers, a reorganized Confucian college, a normal college under a very efficient foreign principal, Japanese, Chinese, Russian and French schools, chiefly linguistic, several Korean primary schools, mission boarding-schools, and the Pai Chai College connected with the American Methodist Episcopal Church, under imperial patronage, and subsidized by government, in which a liberal education of a high class was given and En-mun receives much attention.
In each of these kinds of inference there are three mental judgments capable of being expressed as above in three linguistic propositions; and the two first are the premises which are combined, while the third is the conclusion which is consequent on their combination.
On its linguistic side, as discourse it was used for any combination of names to form a phrase, such as the definition " rational animal," or a book, such as the Iliad.
This analysis, regarded as a whole and as it is applied in the Analytics and in the other logical treatises, was evidently intended as a linguistic analysis.
It was natural enough that the originators of conceptual logic, seeing that judgments can be expressed by propositions, and conceptions by terms, should fall into the error of supposing that, as propositions consist of terms, so judgments consist of conceptions, and that there is a triple mental order - conception, judgment, reasoning - parallel to the triple linguistic order - term, proposition, discourse.
The commentaries are of course intolerably diffuse and tedious, a great deal of them is now quite unreadable; yet, on the other hand, one has not unfrequently occasion to admire the sound linguistic perception and the critical talent of the author.'
Nitzsch's silence, both on this occasion and afterwards, is very curious; but he cannot be accused of plagiarism, for the scheme given above is only an amplification of that foreshadowed by him (as already mentioned) in 1820 - a scheme which seems to have been equally unknown to L'Herminier, perhaps through linguistic difficulty.
(pp. 44-57) treats of the utility of grammar, and the necessity of a true linguistic science for the adequate comprehension either of the Scriptures or of books on philosophy.
This may be taken to indicate that when first the Malays became acquainted with the fruits which are indigenous in Malayan lands they already possessed a language in which most primary words were represented, and also that their tongue had attained to a stage of development which provided for the formation of compound words by a system sanctioned by custom and the same linguistic instinct which causes a Malay to-day to form similar compounds from European and other foreign roots.
Several of its linguistic features, both in vocabulary and in syntax, are of considerable interest to the student of Latin or Italic grammar (e.g.
Friedrich Delitzsch brought into notice three tablets, of the age of the first dynasty of Babylon, in which he read the names of Yaa'-ve-ilu, Ya-ve-ilu, and Ya-u- um -ilu (" Yahweh is God "), and which he regarded as conclusive proof that Yahweh was known in Babylonia before 2000 B.C.; he was a god of the Semitic invaders in the second wave of migration, who were, according to Winckler and Delitzsch, of North Semitic stock (Canaanites, in the linguistic sense).'
According to Dalman, 13 its language differs in many material particulars from the Aramaic dialects of the Palestinian and Babylonian Talmuds, and is more closely allied to the biblical Aramaic. On the linguistic side, therefore, we may regard Onkelos " as a faithful representative of a Targum which had its rise in Judaea, the old seat of Palestinian literary activity."
This completer work, however, cannot be identified with the pseudo-Jonathan, for more than half of these quotations are missing from the latter; and further, in passages for which we possess both the Targums, the text of the Fragmentary Targum agrees much more closely with the quotations: the linguistic evidence also shows that the Fragmentary Targum is a more faithful representative of the original source; (2) the pseudo-Jonathan displays a curious inconsistency in its rendering of particular words and phrases, at one time following Onkelos, at Another a different source.
2 The linguistic evidence, as Bousset has pointed out, confirms the critical conclusion that xi.
Farrand speaks of physical, linguistic, geographic, and cultural criteria, the first two the more exact, the latter more convenient and sometimes the only feasible bases.
His linguistic powers were 1 The word is taken from an obsolete French chapine or Spanish chapin, and is of doubtful origin.
Aristotle apparently intended, or at all events has given logicians in general the impression, that he intended to analyse syllogism into propositions as premises, and premise into names as terms. His logic therefore exhibits the curious paradox of being an analysis of mental reasoning into linguistic elements.
A similar suffix article is retained in Albanian, which almost certainly represents the original language of the Thraco-Illyrian tribes (see Albania); and these tribes belonged to the same ethnical and linguistic group as the Daco-Moesians represented by the Vlachs.
The calm yet purposeful atmosphere at Christopher Place must indeed be conducive to the children 's linguistic development. top Kind Gifts !
Students wishing to take such units must be able to demonstrate that they have the requisite linguistic competence.
My linguistic counterpart for your ' Virgin Mary ' is what Levin calls ' The Sonorous Ground of Being '.
Keywords: Spacial representation, spacial models, cognitive maps, linguistic structure.
Material supposition is when a term stands for a linguistic item as such.
Metonymy, he announced, refers to the combination of linguistic units on the horizontal or syntagmatic axis.
Joyce 's Nighttown is most certainly the shadow-side of his diurnal Dublin, in which the taboos that are broken explicitly include the linguistic.
Linguistic functionality This trilingual dictionary contains more than 450,000 entries including medical, technical, legal and business terms, and slang.
Instead he offers us a linguistic and legal leap into the unknown, describing them as ' unlawful combatants '.
However, there was an even greater tendency to replace unset parameters with absolute parameters than there was in cases of little linguistic variation.
Belgium and Canada are on the verge of splitting apart because of linguistic differences.
The doctor may interact with the child to determine linguistic competence.
Sometimes called the "chatterbox syndrome," this linguistic sophistication belies their poor ability to deal with the world.
He is, in fact, a savant in the area of language, and delights in comparing linguistic systems, although he does not have the mental capacity to live independently.
"Processing and Linguistic Markers in Young Children with Specific Language Impairment."
The disorder is usually diagnosed by comparing a child's linguistic abilities to those that are expected for children of the same age.
Intensive language intervention can allow these children to make considerable gains, with modeling of appropriate linguistic forms that the child is having difficulty with being especially effective.
Linguistic: Children with linguistic intelligence excel at reading, writing, telling stories, and doing crossword or other word puzzles.
The child suffers from psychosocial deprivation such as poverty, malnutrition, poor housing, neglect, inadequate linguistic stimulation, emotional stress.
Language performance of bilingual children must be compared to that of other bilingual children of a similar cultural and linguistic background.
Treatment of language delay is individualized for each child with the primary goal of teaching the child strategies for comprehending spoken language and producing appropriate linguistic or communicative behavior.
G., et al. "Concurrent and predictive validity of the cognitive adaptive test/clinical linguistic and auditory milestone scale (CAT/CLAMS) and the Mental Developmental Index of the Bayley Scales of Infant Development."
Different patterns of language impairment in developmental language disorders have distinct profiles of linguistic strengths and weaknesses.
Ironically, though, almost all of the online tests are text-based multiple choice - so they are already pre-disposed to appeal to linguistic learners.
Consisting of 1000 words, the language was based off of Amharc and features many unique linguistic phonemes, including consonant usage.
Abrams relaunched the franchise with a new actress, Zoe Saldana, taking on the iconic role, which explored her intellectual and linguistic gifts even further.
Lt. Hoshi - Hoshi's linguistic skills were unparalleled, and she was handpicked by Archer for the Enterprise mission.
According to Tolkien's linguistic dictionary, The Lhamas, if you examine the elvish names, you'll notice that most of them are compound words or in many instances form a phrase.
Linguistic - While these might seem to be the "best" students in a traditional classroom, they may have a harder time with social skills or movement-based skillsets.
The Elvish Linguistic Fellowship -- This site includes convincing background that the shows the Lord of the Rings Elvish languages are incomplete.
The word usage examples above have been gathered from various sources to reflect current and historial usage. They do not represent the opinions of YourDictionary.com.