How to use Line in a sentence
That sends you down another line of thought.
The line had never been used.
She was near the line of what she was there to do, if not over it.
She made sure her computer was solely a word processor with no on line capabilities so no one could ever hack into it.
That was out of line.Advertisement
He.d crossed the line.
The line was silent for a few moments and then Mary let loose with a heavy sigh.
There was a crackle on the line.
Do you think he's one of people we tipped about to the line?
Your line may not be safe!Advertisement
His lips formed a hard line and his eyes turned cold.
But you've retrieved your line.
The bottom line is Shipton killed his wife.
Yes, we are a long line of art lovers.
You'd be anchored on a line tied to a top bollard, secured in a harness.Advertisement
You're on a belayed line that is passed under one thigh and over the opposite shoulder so that it can be paid out, nice and smooth, a little at a time....
I don't imagine she has a long line at her door.
All he sees is one continuous line.
Join the line, Dean thought.
I may have crossed a line there.Advertisement
It's not like there's a long line waiting to buy that stuff.
Edith had cut the line and he fell, injuring himself.
Not really, just enough to plink out a vocal line.
He ran a finger along her jaw line.
He traced her jaw line with a finger.Advertisement
I was out of line.
I guess I was out of line, but...
Now that's a familiar line.
His lips spread into a grim line.
Fred already used that line.
The line was silent a moment.
With Bird Song being full, much as I'd like to get to know Miss Annie a little better, she'll have to wait in line.
Dean dreamed of white-dressed hookers smiling and calling to a line of seven little miners who looked suspiciously like Snow White's benefactors.
You'll also need rope, not cut from your outside clothes line, but a couple of lengths of one-hundred and fifty feet each of 9 or 10mm line.
But, to Dean, neither did a 10mm line, all that bound the scampering gnats they could see peppering the icy walls of the gorge.
That, and given the fact she was in the wrong line when they were passing out brains makes me think we're missing something.
Piles of gear were stacked about while partners called out to those below, fed line and encouragement, while others watched, a number with anxious looks on their reddened faces as they looked downward.
Someone cut the son of a bitch's line and I'm the one who's stuck trying to find out who did it.
I was on the scene of Shipton's swan dive with Mountain Rescue but it happened inside the city line so it's the City of Ouray's territory.
The pair tramped further to the next closest point where they could see his line of descent to the river far below.
I can't really blame the ones that step over the line once in a while.
No, whoever sliced Jerome Shipton's line did so after he'd partially descended.
She won't answer, but just in case the law's got a tap on the line it'll keep 'em off base.
I could collar a dozen perps and someone'd bitch because I didn't line 'em up in alphabetical order.
In years long gone it was the rail bed for the line that ran to terminus in Ouray and now a favorite path for bikers.
And, if she had cut the line earlier, it would have either been noticed by Shipton or he would have fallen the entire distance of more than a hundred feet from the edge to his certain death.
Slowly she extracted the knife she'd found and with her long and lovely fingers began to methodically cut away at the line.
There was a moment of realization as he understood her brave actions, and then a snap as the line let loose and he tumbled backwards like some mortally wounded game bird shot from the sky, arms outstretched, scream muffled in his mask.
We can't say if she planned on killing him with it or was just protecting herself but later she used it to cut his line.
Deep down, you still don't think Edith was the one who cut the line!
Dean didn't answer but remembered Edith insisting it wasn't Dean who'd cut her husband's line.
Maybe he didn't stop Edith Shipton from taking her own life and maybe he couldn't have done so if he'd tried, but the bottom line scrawled in bold print said he stood idly by while it happened.
Janet, no whiz-kid, at least knew a good exit line and was out the door in a blink.
You'd just loop your line through a set up or a fixed anchor and rappel down.
Then you'd pull the free end of the line down to you.
So, you think Jerome Shipton cut the line so it looked like someone was trying to kill him and then used the remaining portion to loop through an anchor so he could then rappel down?
He sure didn't fall all the way down from where the line was cut and I doubt anyone cut the rope when he was half way down the cliff.
No one would have seen him so he could have cut the line and then rappelled down, on a looped line, after Shipton fell.
Dean wished he'd taken time to dress more warmly as he hurried down the penstock path toward where Shipton's severed line had been tethered.
Dean leaned over and grasped the taut line that ran unseen over the edge.
Shipton had used a gnarled cedar, years dead, as an anchor for his line.
Dean tried to remember how Ryland had described the method of securing the other end of the line to the climber's body.
He wound the line around his left hand twice while playing it out with his right hand.
Water dripped from above and tiny snowballs cascaded down the slope, bouncing off his un-helmeted head and under his collar as his line scoured the bank of snow above him.
Each pull upward would require Dean to release his grasp on the line that secured him should he slip and fall backwards!
He closed his eyes briefly and began loosening his tight grip on the line, readying himself to rappel downward.
The line burned across his shoulders and exposed neck.
Shipton flailed out at him with his ax, missing his head by inches as Dean leaned sideways and frantically fumbled with his line to drop again.
Shipton, sensing now that Dean had not simply fallen, began to work at the ring on his harness where his line was secured.
Shipton swore and began to fumble with his line to rappel again, down to the now injured and trapped form hovering below him.
As he was about to drop, Dean saw Shipton's half-severed line begin to part!
Dean momentarily opened his eyes to the swaying end of the cut line across from him.
He was vindictive by nature and—this is the 'guess' part—he cut his line and left my knife which he'd picked up from his wife's room.
Wouldn't Shipton have seen where she cut the line?
Fortunate for him it was then near enough to the end of the line that his fall wasn't far enough to kill him.
The fact that the other end was also cut must have looked like the natural end of the line.
My guess is the missing piece of line fell into the river.
He wanted to stay home in case the human got out of line, yet Sarah had insisted he leave for the night.
The bottom line is, if this guy really loves you, he will find it in himself to accept you, fangs and all.
He wanted to listen in when she talked to Skippy in case he got out of line, so hurried downstairs.
She traced his jaw line from temple to chin with her index finger.
They were quiet for a long time until Elisabeth propped up on her elbow, tracing his jaw line with her finger.
Elisabeth and Connor were both out of Victor's line of sight.
Leaning forward, she examined a suspicious looking line at the side of her eye.
Alex glanced down the line of stalls and quirked a brow at Carmen.
Sure, he had stepped over the line, but hadn't she invited him by encouraging his attention?
She grabbed the line and pulled it toward them.
His hands balled into fists and the knuckles turned as white as the line around his lips.
A dark form moved at the edge of the tree line and when she shined the flashlight in that direction, the light reflected off more than one pair of eyes.
She wandered along the fence line examining every post for possible weakness.
Twenty acres and they were always at the fence line, poking their heads through to eat the brush on the other side.
The woman before him was younger than he expected and cute in an elfin way, with large eyes, a tapered chin, delicate jaw line, and expressive brow.
Somehow, he'd moved back to the wood line.
He retraced his steps a few paces to assure he was on the soft dry sand above the high-tide line, carefully placed his towel down, sat on it and removed his shoes and socks.
Rita Angeltoni, the token skirt, as she referred to herself, was usually there banging on her keyboard or answering the phone while keeping the quartet in line.
It was a line of business World Wide didn't sell.
Hunter connected him to an outside line before leaving to get them both coffee.
With one motion he struck downward with his right arm and swung his left elbow with all his might on a level line at the man's jaw.
Dean began to wonder if he was laying his pension on the line by not reporting the entire case in an official manner.
He'd be walking a thin line facing disbarment if he related any privileged information.
He had never in his life seen a horizon so cleanly defined, a pencil line drawn without a breath of haze.
There's still too many coincidences and things that don't add up and we'll probably never get the answers, but I agree—it looks like this is the end of the line if we can't locate him on this tour.
If you don't draw the line at the wedding date, then when do you draw it?
She started to hang up, but the silent line perked her curiosity.
Turn your cell phone on and ignore the land line.
A water line had been run to the coop, and included heaters.
When she spotted something below the tree line, she walked up to investigate.
I want to check the fence line before I turn the buffalo into the north pasture.
Maybe that was why he wanted to check the fence line.
He was probably wondering where to draw the line.
There wasn't going to be a line.
Beyond the pond was a vivid green line of brush and trees, bordering the creek.
He put an arm around her waist and pulled her to him possessively – much like claiming groceries after waiting a long time in line to pay for them.
Actually, she only intended to ride along the forest line and see if there was any sign of deer.
His lips thinned into a straight line as he focused on the food in his plate.
She caught up with Brutus near the tree line and that was when she saw it – half hidden under a dead limb.
On the way home Alex was unusually quiet, his lips a thin line and his jaw rigid.
She was cleaning out the refrigerator when the land line rang in the office.
Across the field, two elk grazed on the hill below the tree line.
Somewhere up there past the tree line were the four Elk Alex had coerced from the Game and Fish Commission.
Unwilling to root for either animal, Carmen turned Ed back toward the tree line.
I didn't want to disturb you in the middle of chores, so I called the land line.
It was a warm morning, with the promise of spring lurking in the Easter lilies she had planted along the fence line.
The line clicked, but she stood there holding the telephone.
Alex had made arrangements in Houston to purchase a pair of Texas Longhorns, and he was scouting out some more fence line.
Maybe she should tell him — keep the line of communication open.
A thin white line formed around his lips.
She tugged off the necklace around her neck, the one marking her as the last in her father's line.
She joined a line of mostly men in front of a low stone table.
She drew a line in the sand around the portal.
She was the last in a long line of servants.
His gaze went to the line above his.
His eyes went past Claire for a moment, to the dark figure waiting by the tree line.
To be sure of it, all females born into my line will be killed.
Before his death, he admitted he didn't know what the curse was, only that none in our line must draw the curse.
The line of warriors appeared to be holding.
My father's line dies with me, Hilden.
My line dies with me tonight!
They reached the tree line and descended to the creek.
Skirting around the guest house, she put Ed to a run until they reached the tree line.
Somewhere along the line she had left herself behind.
Besides, we have a land line if he really wants to talk to me – and he obviously doesn't.
To provide you with an heir - or to keep me in line?
At the cabin, she washed a dress in the sink and hung it on the line to dry, taking pride in the fact that she was making do with what was available.
No wisp of a woman is going to whip me into line.
All that talk about purity - and I swallowed it hook, line and sinker.
Xander came into her line of sight then.
You don't seem to fit this line of work.
Xander was enjoying his newfound status too much to sacrifice it now, especially when he had a line of women ready to please him.
Too much was on the line for her to give up.
Ingrid didn't tell you your job is to line up women for me?
A line went around the building to the mall and along one side.
He sat, and the store employees made an attempt to organize a line for the customers.
The store was packed, the line outside extending for a few hundred meters along the mall.
A look at the line made her think she was going to be there all night.
When she ducked out for lunch at noon, the line showed no signs of decreasing in size.
She tossed her salad and stood in line to get him his coffee then walked across the parking lot to the Barnes and Noble.
She rose and saw there was no end to the line.
The Great Southern railway has a line to the seaward end of the pier, and affords direct communication with the interior of the colony.
The Mediterranean is all that remains of a great ocean which at an early geological epoch, before the formation of the Atlantic, encircled half the globe along a line of latitude.
The last representative of the line, Idris IV., "El Wathik," was reduced to the possession of Marrakesh, where he was murdered by a slave in 1269.
If we consider a number of particles which all lie upon a primary ray, we see that the phases of the secondary vibrations which issue along this line are all the same.
The main line of the Orleans railway passes through a tunnel beneath the town.
The first line gives the mean value of the potential gradient, the second the mean excess of the largest over the smallest hourly value on individual days.
If the actual crests of the excursions had been measured the figures in the second line would have been even larger.
The third line gives the range of the regular diurnal inequality, the next four lines the amplitudes of the first four Fourier waves into which the regular diurnal inequality has been analysed.
We know the line of this frontier which ran from the Main across the upland Odenwald to the upper waters of the Neckar and was defended by a chain of forts.
Concessions have been obtained by the French government to build a line of railway from the Tongking frontier at the town of Laokay via Mengtsze to Yunnan-fu.
It is bounded on the north-west by Ohio, from which it is separated by the Ohio river, on the north by Pennsylvania and Maryland, the Potomac river dividing it from the latter state; on the east and south-east by Pennsylvania, Maryland and Virginia, the boundary lines in the first two cases being meridians, in the last case a very irregular line following the crest of mountain ridges in places; and on the south-west by Virginia and Kentucky, the Big Sandy river separating it from the latter state.
The term properly implies a clear polytheistic conception of gods in contrast with men, while it recognizes that some men cross the dividing line.
His handling of the elegiac couplet, and especially of its second line, deserves especial recognition.
Communication between these two towns is maintained by a line of smaller boats, the distance being 517 m.
From Cape Ca-Mau to Rach-Gia it runs north for a distance of m., then north-west as far as Ha-Tien, where the boundary line between it and Cambodia meets the sea.
It is served by the Atlantic Coast Line, the Seaboard Air line, the Southern, the New York, Philadelphia & Norfolk, the Chesapeake & Ohio, the Norfolk & Western, the Norfolk & Southern and the Virginian railways, by many steamship lines, by ferry to Portsmouth (immediately opposite), Newport News, Old Point Comfort and Hampton, and by electric lines to several neighbouring towns.
The Norfolk and Portsmouth Belt Line encircles the two cities, and connects the various trunk lines.
Ts'ingtao is connected by railway with Chinan Fu, the capital of the province; a continuation of the same line provides for a junction with the main Lu-Han (Peking-Hankow) railway.
The line of the city walls can be distinctly traced for most of the circuit, but the actual remains of them are inconsiderable.
If then the screw-value in kilometres per second is known for the neighbourhood of each of the comparison lines employed, the radial velocity of the star can be independently derived directly from coincidences made in above manner in the neighbourhood of each comparison line.
A fortnightly line also runs along the west coast of the island from Cagliari to Porto Torres.
Its line is followed closely by the modern highroad and railway.
Kyaukse town is situated on the Zawgyi River and on the Rangoon-Mandalay railway line, and is well laid out in regular streets, covering an area of about a square mile.
The most carefully executed part is on the south and south-east, where the wall is decorated by a row of granite monoliths beneath which runs a double line of chevron ornament.
It seems impossible to deny that the tendency of his principles and his arguments is mainly in the line of a metaphysical absolute, as the necessary completion and foundation of all being and knowledge.
The first law affirms that every body, so far as it is altogether unaffected by extraneous causes, always perseveres in the same state of motion or of rest; and the second law that simple or elementary motion is always in a straight line.'
Farther south-east, a line of sand dunes, covering the ruins of ancient villas, marks the coastline of the Roman period.
A bowl that comes to rest on the central line, or within 6 in.
A telpher line on his system was subsequently erected at Glynde in Sussex.
At lower pressures the green line 4922 becomes more conspicuous.
In the time of the Romans Rustchuk was one of the fortified points along the line of the Danube.
Prytanis was also the name of a legendary king of Sparta of the Eurypontid or Proclid line.
The department is served chiefly by the lines of the Northern railway; in addition, the main line of the Eastern railway to Strassburg traverses the extreme south.
Alexander could communicate with his base only by the narrow line of the Hellespont, and ran the risk, if he went far from it, of being cut off altogether.
Though Conrad was almost immediately assassinated, the crown did not 1 A branch of the line continued in Poitou during the 13th century, and ruled in LaMarche till 1303.
Before the extinction of the line in 1475, it had succeeded in putting a branch on the throne of Armenia.
It is served by the Southern, the Louisville & Nashville, the Seaboard Air Line, the Central of Georgia, the Alabama Great Southern (of the Queen & Crescent Route), the Illinois Central, the Atlanta, Birmingham & Atlantic, the Birmingham Southern (for freight only), and the Kansas City, Memphis & Birmingham (Frisco system) railways.
The true love-birds (Agapornis) may also be said to build nests, for they line their nest-hole with strips of pliant bark.
In opposition to the Canadian Pacific railway a southern line was built from Winnipeg to the American boundary.
This railway has six radiating lines leaving the city of Winnipeg, and its main line connects Port Arthur on Lake Superior with Edmonton in the west.
The vertical line was printed by Oughtred and some of Briggs's successors.
Until 1870, when it secured a branch railway from the Union Pacific line at Cheyenne (Wyoming), the city was on one side of the transcontinental travelroutes.
In 181 2 a steamboat line was established between Troy and Albany.
From south to north it is traversed by the channel of the Parma, crossed here by three bridges; and from east to west runs the line of the Via Aemilia, by which ancient Parma was connected on the one hand with Ariminum (Rimini), and on the other with Placentia (Piacenza).
It is served by the Morris & Essex division of the Delaware, Lackawanna & Western railway and by the Orange branch of the Erie (the former having three stations in the city - Grove Street, East Orange and Brick Church), and is connected with Newark, Orange and West Orange by electric line.
In the third and longest section, the line starts from a pillar erected in the Perez Rosales pass, near Lake Nahuel-Huapi, and follows the water-parting southward to the highest point of Mt.
Compulsory attendance of young men at national guard drills is enforced for at least two months of the year, under penalty of enforced service in the Line.
In 1526 he was sent out in command of an expedition fitted out for the purpose of determining by astronomical observations the exact line of demarcation, under the treaty of Tordesillas, between the colonizing spheres of Spain and Portugal, and of conveying settlers to the Moluccas.
Already in 1884 a protocol had been signed between the contending parties, by which it was agreed that the frontier should follow the line where " the highest peaks of the Andine ranges divide the watershed."
This definition unfortunately ignored the fact that the Andes do not run from north to south in one continuous line, but are separated into cordilleras with valleys between them, and covering in their total breadth a considerable extent of country.
Along the Atlantic coast from the mouth of the Adour to the estuary of the Gironde there stretches a monotonous line of sanddunes bordered by lagoons on the land side, but towards the sea harbourless and unbroken save for the Bay of Arcachon.
North of that point a line of high cliffs, in which occur the ports of Fcamp and Dieppe, stretches nearly to the sandy estuary of the Somme.
It is grown largely in the departments of Nord and Pas-de-Calais and in those of the Seine basin, the southern limit of its cultivation being roughly a line drawn from Bordeaux to Lyons.
Railways.The first important line in France, from Paris to Rouen, was constructed through the instrumentality of Sir Edward Blount (1809-1905), an English banker in Paris, who was afterwards for thirty years chairman of the Ouest railway.
After the rejection in 1838 of the governments proposals for the construction of seven trunk lines to be worked by the state, he obtained a concession for that piece of line on the terms that the French treasury would advance one-third of the capital at 3% if he would raise the remaining two-thirds, half in France and half in England.
From Bordeaux there is also a direct line to Bayonne and Irun (for Madrid), and at the other end of the Pyrenees a line leads from Narbonne to Perpignan and Barcelona.
Here another entrenched camp was made and from it the Moselle line (qv.) of forts darrit continues the barrier to Belfort (q.v.), another large entrenched camp, beyond which a series of fortifications at Montbliard and the Lomont range carries the line of defence to the Swiss border, which in turn is protected by works at Pontarlier and elsewhere.
Morelia is served by a branch of the Mexican National railway; its station is outside the city, with which it is connected by a small tramway line.
The Ballycastle railway joins the main line here.
It was formed in the traditional order of the galleys - a long line abreast, subdivided into the centre or "battle" commanded by Don John in person, the left wing under the proveditore Barbarigo, and the right under Gianandrea Doria.
But a reserve squadron was placed behind the centre under the marquess of Santa Cruz, and the eight lumbering galeasses were stationed at intervals in front of the line to break the formation of the Turks.
The capitan pasha left his anchorage in the Gulf of Patras with his fleet in a single line, without reserve or advance-guard.
Railway connexion with the port of La Guaira was opened in 1883 by means of a line 23 m.
The city stands on a rocky plateau, which projects southwards from the main line of hills.
Solomon greatly strengthened the fortifications of Jerusalem, and was probably the builder of the line of defence, called by Josephus the first or old wall, which united the cities on the eastern and western hills.
We have no information regarding Jerusalem during the period of the captivity, but fortunately Nehemiah, who was permitted to return and rebuild the defences about 445 B.C., has given a fairly clear description of the line of the wall which enables us to obtain a good idea of the extent of the city at this period.
At some period between the time of the Maccabees and of Herod, a second or outer wall had been built outside and north of the first wall, but it is not possible to fix an accurate date to this line of defence, as the references to it in Josephus are obscure.
The exact line of this third wall is not known with certainty, but it probably followed approximately the same line as the existing north wall of Jerusalem.
The walls were repaired by her orders, and the line of fortifications appears to have been extended on the south so as to include the pool of Siloam.
The members of the club preserved the title of Amis de la Constitution, as being a sufficient indication of the line they intended to pursue.
The so-called rivers have a strong flow only after heavy rains, and some of them do not ever reach the main drainage line.
These run in wet seasons, but in every instance for a short distance only, and sooner or later they are lost in sand-hills, where their waters disappear and a line of stunted gum-trees (Eucalyptus rostrata) is all that is present to indicate that there may be even a soakage to mark the abandoned course.
The south-western angle of the continent, bounded by a line drawn diagonally from Jurien river to Cape Riche, has an average of from 30 to 40 in.
Yet this narrow belt of water is the boundary line between the Australasian and the Indian regions.
The zoological boundary passing through the Bali Strait is called " Wallace's line," after the eminent naturalist who was its discoverer.
Dwarfed eucalypts fringe the tree-limit on Mount Kosciusco, and the soakages in the parched interior are indicated by a line of the same trees, stunted and straggling.
With their earliest settlements on the north-north-west coasts, the Dravidians would probably tend to spread out north, north-east and east, and a southerly line of retreat would be the most natural one for the Papuans.'
A line of road was constructed across the mountains as far as the Macquarie river by the surveyor, Mr Evans, and the town of Bathurst laid out.
He started in March 1860, passing Lake Torrens and Lake Eyre, beyond which he found a pleasant, fertile country till he crossed the Macdonnell range of mountains, just under the line of the tropic of Capricorn.
Mr Stuart, in 1862, made his third and final attempt to traverse the continent from Adelaide along a central line, which, inclining a little westward, reaches the north coast of Arnheim Land, opposite Melville Island.
The line crossing Australia which was thus explored has since been occupied by the electric telegraph connecting Adelaide, Melbourne, Sydney, and other Australian cities with London.
Forrest and his party safely crossed the entire extent of Western Australia, and entering South Australia struck the overland telegraph line at Peake station, and, after resting, journeyed south to Adelaide.
Working westerly along the line of the 30th parallel, Giles reached Perth in about five months.
After resting in Perth for a short time, he commenced the return journey, which was made for the most part between the 24th and 25th parallels, and again successfully traversed the desert, reaching the overland telegraph line in about seven months.
Lindsay's expedition, which was fitted out by Sir Thomas Elder, the generous patron of Australian exploration, entered Western Australia about the 26th parallel south latitude, on the line of route taken by Forrest in 1874.
It was only by the London Government Act 1899 that Woolwich was brought into line with other London districts, for in 1855, as it had previously become a local government district under a local board, it was left untouched by the Metropolis Management Act.
He found the country peopled partly by tribes of Gallo-Celtic, partly by tribes of Germanic stock, the river Rhine forming roughly the line of demarcation between the races.
Under Augustus, 15 B.C., the relations conquered territory was formed into an imperial with the province, Gallia Belgica, and the frontier line, the Romans.
It was intended later to continue this line from Vierni to Semipalatinsk (about goo versts) and join up with the Trans-Siberian line.
It has a station on the Cambrian line between Moat Lane and Brecon, and two others (high and low levels) at Builth Road about 14 m.
A line drawn diagonally down the centre from the isthmus of Kra to Cape Romania (Ramunya) gives the extreme length at about 750 miles.
Belleville is served by the Illinois Central, the Louisville & Nashville, and the Southern railways, also by extensive interurban electric systems; and a belt line to O'Fallon, Illinois, connects Belleville with the Baltimore & Ohio South Western railway.
The crest line is generally more than 2000 ft.
Only less important and only less early to be established in Vermont was the quarrying of granite, which began in 1812, but which has been developed chiefly since 1880, largely by means of the building of "granite railroads" which connect each quarry with a main railway line - a means of transportation as important as the logging railways of the Western states and of Canada.
The extension of the southern boundary line by this decision due westward until it met His Majesty's other governments gave rise, however, to a controversy with New York.
As a result, New York and New Hampshire formed a secret agreement to divide the state between themselves, the mountains to be the line of division.
It was thereupon destroyed by the Prussians; in spite of which, however, a long line of imposing ruins still remains.
By the female line, through his children Henry, Bridget and Frances, the Protector has had numerous descendants, and is the ancestor of many well-known families.'
The city stands at the foot of low bluffs, about a mile from the shore line.
The port is formed by a stone reef running parallel with and a half-mile from the shore line, within which vessels of light draft find a safe anchorage, except from southerly gales.
The main railway from Belgrade to Constantinople skirts the Maritza and Ergene valleys, and there is an important branch line down the Maritza valley to Dedeagatch, and thence coastwise to Salonica.
This road was practically abandoned when the Indian government telegraph line, which ran along it, was removed to a road farther east in 1906.
The northern frontier is a line drawn between the northernmost points of the eastern and western frontiers.
With him was extinguished the male line of the house of Babenberg.
Manchester is served by the New York, New Haven & Hartford railway and by electric line connecting with Hartford, Rockville and Stafford Springs.
It is served by the Delaware, Lackawanna & Western railway, and by the Oneonta & Mohawk Valley electric line connecting with the New York Central railway at Herkimer.
The southern boundary runs in a very irregular line across the central region of India, dividing the Rajputana states from a number of native states in Central India and Gujarat.
The most striking physical feature is the Aravalli range of mountains, which intersects the country almost from end to end in a line running from south-west to north-east.
An important advance on this was proposed in 1797 by Lomond,' who used only one line of wire and an alphabet of motions.
This system required two line wires, and, although a remarkably serviceable apparatus and in use for many years, is no longer employed.
It is, however, more commonly and familiarly called " the wire " or " the line."
The apparatus used at the other end of the line to render the effects of this action perceptible to the eye or ear, is called the receiving apparatus or instrument.
The advantage of the high conducting power which copper possesses Over- is of especial value in moist climates (like that of the United Kingdom), since the effect of leakage over the surface of the damp insulators is much less noticeable when the conducting power of the wire is high than when it is low, especially when the line is a long one.
If the looped lines are both in good condition and free from leakage, the current sent out on line r will be exactly equal to the current received back on line 2; and as these currents will have equal but opposite effects on the galvanometer needle, no deflection of the latter will be produced.
It is not possible to work double current from one set alone, as in this case, if one key of a group of instruments is up and another is down, the battery would be short-circuited and no current would flow to line.
Whilst it is being paid out the portion between the surface of the water and the bottom of the sea lies along a straight line, the component of the weight at right angles to its length being supported by the frictional resistance to sinking in the water.
Using these buoys to guide the direction of tow, a grapnel, a species of fivepronged anchor, attached to a strong compound rope formed of strands of steel and manila, is lowered to the bottom and dragged at a slow speed, as it were ploughing a furrow in the sea bottom, in a line at right angles to the cable route, until the behaviour of the dynamometer shows that the cable is hooked.
When one of a series of keys (each corresponding to a letter) arranged round a pointer is depressed, the motion of the pointer, which is geared to the shuttle armature, is arrested on coming opposite that particular key, and the transmission of the currents to line is stopped, though the armature itself can continue to rotate.
Recorders vary in details of construction, but all have the same object, namely, to record the intervals during which the current is applied to the line.
It will be observed that the circuit is not in this case actually open; the meaning of the expression " open circuit " is " no battery to line."
In normal circumstances the instruments at both ends are ready to receive, both ends of the line being to earth through the receiving instruments.
It differs from the open circuit in only requiring one battery (although, as in the figure, half of it is often placed at each end), in having the re circuit ceiving instrument between the line and the key, and in having the battery continuously to the line.
The battery is kept to the line by the bar c, which short-circuits the keys.
When only one battery is used the current at the distant end may be considerably affected by the leakage to earth along the line.
Suppose the arm c of the switch S to be in contact with 2; thin when the key is manipulated it sends alternately positive and negative currents into the line.
If the positive is called the signalling current, the line will be charged positively each time a signal is sent; but as soon as the signal is completed a negative charge is communicated FIG.
Thus the speed on a line at which the repeater is situated exactly midway will be four times that of the line worked direct.
Within a few years several methods had been proposed by different inventors, but none was at first very successful, not from any fault in the principle, but because the effect of electrostatic capacity of the line was left out of account in the early arrangements.
In order that the line between two stations may be worked on the duplex system it is essential that the receiving instrument shall not be acted on by the outgoing currents, but shall respond to incoming currents.
Suppose the key to be depressed, then a current flows through one winding of the differential relay to line and through the other winding and rheostat to earth.
Incoming currents pass from line through one coil of the relay, the key, and either the battery or battery resistance, according as whether the key is raised or depressed.
In this case no current flows from the battery through the line or instruments, the whole action being inductive.
Faults or any other irregularity in the cable may be represented by putting resistances of the proper kind into the artificial line.
Quadruplex telegraphy consists in the simultaneous transmission of two messages from each end of the line.
The general graphy, principle Arms a and arrangement b, one at eachstation and d B, are connected to the line wire, and are made to rotate simultaneously over metallic segments, 3, 4, and I', 3', 4', at the two stations, so that when the arm a is on segment i at A, then b is on segment I' at B, and so on.
The actual number of sets of apparatus it was possible to work multiplex depended upon the length of the line, for if the latter were long, retardation effects modified the working conditions.
Thus for a dot, first a negative and then a positive current is sent to the line, the effect of the current continuing during the time required for the paper to travel the space between two holes.
The first part will be, as before, zinc to the line; at the next half stroke of the beam M will not pass through, as there is no hole in the paper; but at the third half stroke it passes through and copper is put to the line.
Hence for sending both a dot and a dash, reverse currents of short duration are sent through the line, but the interval between the reversal is three times as great for the dash as for the dot.
By this method of transmission the battery is always to the line for the same interval of time, and alternately with opposite poles, so that the effect of electrostatic induction is reduced to a minimum.
Screw adjustments are provided for closing or opening the air gap between the electromagnets and armatures, for raising or lowering the siphon, and for adjusting the point of the siphon to the centre or side of the paper strip. The received signals are recorded on the paper strip in an undulating continuous line of ink, and are distinguished by the length of deviation from zero.
This slip is then passed through a transmitter fitted with brush contacts and connected to the two line wires of a metallic loop. One circuit is formed by the loop itself, and a second, quite independent, by the two wires in parallel, earthed at each end.
In the Hughes instrument two trains of clockwork mechanism, one at each end of the line, are kept moving, at the same speed.
When a key is depressed, slightly raising one of the pins, the horizontal arm will pass over it and in doing so will momentarily join the battery to the line.
The current thus sent to the line may be made either to act directly on the printing instrument or to close a local circuit by means of a relay.
The line is joined at each end to distributors which are xxvi.
At regular intervals a rotating arm on the distributor connects the five keys of each keyboard to line, thus passing the signals to the distant station, where they pass through the distributor and certain relays which repeat the currents corresponding to the depressed keys and actuate electromagnets in the receivers.
The Baudot apparatus can have certain channels extended so as to form a means of continuous communication between one station and two or three others by means of one line.
As it uses the Baudot telegraph alphabet it has an advantage in theory over the Wheatstone using the Morse alphabet in regard to the speed that can be obtained on a long telegraph line in the ratio of eight to five, and this theoretical advantage is more or less realized in practice.
These currents are furnished by an alternator which transmits sine currents over the line and operates a motor at the distant end of the line, both machines running in synchronism.
Each transmitter is therefore able to transmit a separate series of positive and negative currents in different combinations; these are distributed, by suitably arranged distributors and relays at the receiving end of the line, into their respective receivers.
Instruments such as the telautograph and telewriter are apparatus for transmitting a facsimile of handwriting inscribed on a paper at one end of a line, the reproduction being made automatically at the other end of the line at the same time that the message is being written.
The motion communicated to rollers by the pencil serves to cut resistance in or out of the two line circuits which are connected to the rollers, and thus two independent variable line currents are obtained.
These coils are drawn down, by the magnetic action of the field on the currents in the coils, into the annular spaces, against the pull of the springs, more or less strongly, according to the strengths of the two line currents.
Owing to the variable illumination of the selenium thus produced, the resistance of the latter, and therefore the intensity of the current sent through the line to the receiving station by the battery, will be altered accordingly.
The transmitted signals or electric impulses, which on a land line are sharply defined when received, become attenuated and prolonged in the case of a long cable, and are unable to actuate the.
The conductor of the cable is practically insulated, as the condensers in the bridge have a very high resistance; hence no appreciable current ever flows into or out of the line.
The indicator was connected with a Ruhmkorff coil or other equivalent apparatus, designed to cause a continual succession of sparks to pass between the indicator and a metal plate situated beneath it and having a plane surface parallel to its line of motion.
Over the surface of the plate and between it and the indicator there was passed, at a regularly uniform speed, in a direction perpendicular to the line of motion of the indicator, a material capable of being acted on physically by the sparks, through either their chemical action, their heat, or their perforating force.
The record of the signals given by this instrument was an undulating line of fine perforations or spots, and the character and succession of the undulations were used to interpret the signals desired to be sent.
When therefore the signalcoil moves in obedience to the electric signal-currents passed through it, the motion communicated to the siphon is recorded on the moving slip of paper by a wavy line of ink-marks very close together.
The interpretation of the signals is according to the Morse code, - the dot and dash being represented by deflexions of the line of dots to one side or other of the centre line of the paper.
A, slip as received on recorder, using ordinary relays for translating on to second cable; B, slip as received on recorder, when interpolator is used at intermediate station, for sending on to second cable; C (four cells through a line, KR=3.6), signals with recorder under ordinary conditions; D, all conditions the same as in C, but magnifying relay inserted between the end of the line and the recorder.
The advantage of using the magnetic bridge duplex method is that the maximum current is sent to line or cable, and the receiving system benefits accordingly.
The earliest practical trial of electrical telegraphy was made in 1837 on the London and North Western Railway, and the first public line under the patent of Wheatstone and Cooke was laid from Paddington to Slough on the Great Western Railway in 1843.
Gisborne for a land line connecting St John's, Newfoundland, and Cape Ray, in the Gulf of St Lawrence, and proceeded himself to get control of the points on the American coast most suitable as landing places for a cable.
The Atlantic Telegraph Company was reconstituted as the AngloAmerican Telegraph Company with a capital of f600,000 and sufficient cable was ordered not only to lay a line across the ocean but also to complete the 1865 cable.
In 1894 the Eastern Extension Telegraph Company laid a cable from Singapore to Labuan and Hong Kong, thus duplicating the route and making it an all-British line.
Each line terminated in an earth plate placed in the sea.
A similar installation of inductive telephony, in which telephone currents in one line were made to create others in a nearly parallel and distant line, was established in 1899 between Rathlin Island on the north coast of Ireland and the mainland.
When electric waves fell on the antenna they caused the mercury-steel junction to become conductive during the time they endured, and the siphon recorder therefore to write signals consisting of short or long deflexions of its pen and therefore notches of various length on the ink line drawn on the strip of telegraphic tape.
If these two were broadside on to the direction of the sending station oscillations in the same phase would be produced in them both, but if they were in line with it then the oscillations would be in opposite phases.
Starting from an observation of Marconi's, a number of interesting facts have been accumulated on the absorbing effect of sunlight on the propagation of long Hertzian waves through space, and on the disturbing effects of atmospheric electricity as well as upon the influence of earth curvature and obstacles of various kinds interposed in the line between the sending and transmitting stations.4 Electric wave telegraphy has revolutionized our means of communication from place to place on the surface of the earth, making it possible to communicate instantly and certainly between places separated by several thousand miles, whilst The Electrician, 1904, 5 2, p. 407, or German Pat.
The current from the line was made to pass through the spring and paper to the cylinder.
Varley, who proposed to make use of it in a telegraphic receiving instrument.4 In Dolbear's instrument one plate of a condenser was a flexible diaphragm, connected with the telephone line in such a way that the varying electric potential produced by the action of the transmitting telephone caused an increased or diminished charge in the condenser.
The line of circuit passed through the secondary of the induction coil I to the line, from that to the telephone T at the receiving station, 'See Journal of the Telegraph, New York, April 1877; Philadelphia Times, 9th July 1877; and Scientific American, August 181 This term was used by Wheatstone in 1827 for an acoustic apparatus intended to convert very feeble into audible sounds; see his Scientific Papers, p. 32.
The method first employed for working a telephone line was extremely simple.
A single line of wire, like an ordinary telegraph line, had a Bell telephone included in it at each end, and the ends were put to earth.
The resistance of the microphone can thus be made a large fraction of the total resistance of the circuit in which it is placed; hence by using considerable currents, small variations in its resistance can be made to induce somewhat powerful currents in the line wire.
In the earliest telephone switchboards the lines were connected to vertical conducting strips, across which were placed a series of similar horizontal strips in such a manner that any horizontal could be connected to any line strip by the insertion of a plug into holes provided in the strips for the purpose.
The spring-jack used was a form of switch with two contact springs which pressed against each other, one being connected to the subscriber's line wire and the other to the annunciator, which was also earthed.<