Lignite Sentence Examples
Brown coal, or lignite, occurs principally in Victoria.
The other minerals found are silver, lead, copper, magnesium and lignite coal.
Recent experiments lead to the conclusion that iron, lead, manganese, lignite and sulphur exist in considerable abundance.
French lignite comes for the most part from the department of BOuches-du-Rhne (near Fuveau).
Italy has only unimportant lignite and anthracite mines, but water power is abundant and has been largely applied to industry, especially in generating electricity.Advertisement
Roumanite, or Rumanian amber, a dark reddish resin, occurring with lignite in Tertiary deposits.
Schraufite is a reddish resin from the Carpathian sandstone, and it occurs with jet in the cretaceous rocks of the Lebanon; ambrite is a resin found in many of the coals of New Zealand; retinite occurs in the lignite of Bovey Tracey in Devonshire and elsewhere; whilst copaline has been found in the London clay of Highgate in North London.
A sub-bituminous lignite is mined in Esmeralda county (800 tons in 1906; 330 tons in 1907).
It has a royal shell factory, calico-printing mills, lignite mines, stone quarries and pottery and tobacco factories.
In Arkansas, Oklahoma and Texas, and along the line of the Rocky Mountains, extensive fields occur, producing lignite and bituminous coal.Advertisement
Australia possesses fields of great value, principally in the south-east (New South Wales and Victoria), and in New Zealand considerable quantities of coal and lignite are raised, chiefly in South Island.
Salt is also found in large quantities; but mining and quarrying are not practised on a large scale; only lead, lignite and asphalt being worked.
Lead, copper, sulphur, orpiment, also lignite, have been found within the confines of the province; also a kind of beautiful, variegated, translucent marble, which takes a high polish, is used in the construction of palatial buildings, tanks, baths, &c., and is known as Maragha, or Tabriz marble.
Velvet, cloth, machinery, bricks and candles are manufactured, and there are flour-mills, breweries, distilleries and lignite mines.
Brown coal or lignite is found chiefly in the north and north-west, but not in sufficiently large quantities to be exported; the total value of the output in 1907 was nearly £3,500,000.Advertisement
High winds and seams of burning lignite coal have aided the rains in giving the Bad Lands their peculiar configuration.
The lignite in this region also warms the ranchman's cabin, being easily mined where a seam is exposed in the walls of a ravine or on the side of a hill.
The abundant lignite coal in the region was to operate pumps for raising water from the river into canals crossing the valley.
The coal is all in the form of brown lignite and is not very valuable as a fuel, as it soon crumbles into a fine powder on being exposed to air.
A law enacted in 1896 required the use of lignite in all state buildings and institutions.Advertisement
The most productive are those of iron and zinc. Lignite is found in the department of Algiers and petroleum in that of Oran.
The presence of a bed of lignite in the neighbourhood has encouraged the industrial development of Teplitz, which carries on manufactures of machinery and metal goods, cotton and woollen goods, chemicals, hardware, sugar, dyeing and calicoprinting.
Thus the lower Eocene has some lignite in the eastern Gulf region, while in Teias lignite and saliferous and gypsiferous sediments are found, though most of the system is marine and of shallow water origin.
Finally, of true lignite beds, or of lignite mix d with sub-bituminous qualities, the states of North Dakota, Montana, Texas and South Dakota are credited with deposits of 500,000; 279,500; 23,000; and 10,000 millions of tons respectively.
But it is to be remembered that the amount and the fuel value of both the lignite and, to a lesser degree, the sub-bituminjus coals, is uncertain to a high degree.Advertisement
Coal, chiefly bituminous, occurs in large quantities in Nova Scotia, British Columbia and in various parts of the north-west (lignite), though most of the anthracite is imported from the United States, as is the greater part of the bituminous coal used in Ontario.
Euboea at the present time produces a large amount of grain, and its mineral wealth is also considerable, great quantities of magnesia and lignite being exported.
The Harz Mountains are rich in silver, lead, iron and copper; coal is found around Osnabruck, on the Deister, at Osterwald, &c., lignite in various places; salt-springs of great richness exist at Egestorf shall and Neuhall near Hanover, and at Luneburg; and petroleum may be obtained south of Celle.
In the neighbourhood are large deposits of sandstone and lignite.
Valuable salt is obtained from the pits at Dolnja Tuzla, and the southern part of Herzegovina yields asphalt and lignite.
In German Silesia there is a third rich field, which extends into Austria (Austrian Silesia and Galicia), for which country it forms the chief home source of supply (apart from lignite).
The coalmines of the country are capable of producing some 15 million tons of black coal and 24 millions of brown coal (lignite).
More important than the hills are the narrow and often rather deep river valleys cut below the general level, exposing the soft rocks of the Cretaceous and in many places seams of lignite.
Wood fuel is scarce, the present supply being from the Tortum district, whence surface coal and lignite are also brought; but the usual fuel is tezek or dried cow-dung.
Some of the coal and lignite mines in Tortum have been recently worked to supply fuel for Erzerum.
A similar action probably explains the origin of pyrites and marcasite in coal and lignite, in clay and shales, and in limestone like chalk.
They consist of breccias, conglomerates, sandstones, marls, and limestones, with seams of coal and lignite.
The Miocene consists chiefly of marls, with occasional beds of lignite and limestone.
Sometimes it contains thick seams of lignite or brown coal.
Lignite of good quality is found in several localities.
This alteration of coast-line appears at Loosduinen, where the moor or fenland formerly developed behind the dunes now crops out on the shore amid the sand, being pressed to the compactness of lignite by the weight of the sand drifted over it.
It is the principal commercial centre of South Bohemia, being an important railway junction, as well as a river port, and carries on a large trade in corn, timber, lignite, salt, industrial products and beer, the latter mostly exported to America.
The mineral products of the district also include lignite, copper, manganese, vitriol, lime, gypsum, volcanic stones (used for millstones) and slates.
Brown coal, or lignite, which appears in the Olkusz district in beds 3 to 7 ft.
The yield of lignite is less than 100,000 tons annually; of zinc 10,000 to 12,000 tons; of copper and lead small.
Besides this, from 7,000,000 to 8,000,000 tons of lignite come annually from Bohemia.
Save for beds of lignite, said to exist in the extreme north, coal is not found, and has to be imported, chiefly from the states of Ohio and Pennsylvania, though Nova Scotia furnishes an increasing quantity.
In the south-western parts a succession of strata, described as the Brown Coal or Lignite formations, intervenes between the chalk and the boulder clay; its name is derived from the deposits of lignite which occur in it.
It is situated in the centre of an extensive and wellworked lignite deposit and manufactures glass, porcelain and earthenware.
Lignite is worked at Kostolats, 7 m.
Coal (perhaps lignite) is said to be found in Zurmat (between the Upper Kurram and the Gomal) and near Ghazni.
Zinc, lignite and common salt are mined, but the output is small and of slight value.
Although iron, copper, coal and lignite are worked, the mineral wealth is trifling.
Californian coal is almost wholly inferior brown lignite, together with a small quantity of bituminous coals of poor quality; the state does not produce a tenth part of the coal it consumes.
The original coal supply of the present state has been estimated (by the United States Geological Survey) at 424,085,000,000 short tons of the bituminous or sub-bituminous variety, this amount being second only to that for North Dakota, 500,000,000,000 short tons, which, however, is entirely lignite.
Trade and manufactures are insignificant; iron, lignite, cobalt, alum and vitriol are among the mineral productions.
There are petroleum springs at Kordzot, deposits of lignite at Sivan and Nurduz, several hot springs at Zilan Deresi and Julamerk.
Briix is situated in the centre of a region very rich in lignite deposits and has, besides, important sugar, iron and hardware, distilling, brewing and milling industries.
The total includes every variety from typical lignite to typical anthracite.
From 1897 to 1902 the yield almost doubled, averaging 5,267,783 tons (lignite, semibituminous, bituminous, and a steady average production of 60,038 tons of anthracite).
Far the most important mineral product, however, is coal, which is found in all forms - lignite to anthracite - and in widely distributed areas.
Lignite and coal, some graphite and kaolin, are mined, as also amber, which is often found in big lumps.
The surrounding hills are rich in petroleum, salt and lignite.
There are iron and lignite mines, but the output is small.
The Jurassic deposits are partly marine and partly fresh-water or terrestrial, including beds of lignite.
Lignite occurs at many points around Coimbra, Leiria and Santarem; asphalt abounds near Alcobaca; phosphorite, asbestos and sulphur are common south of the Tagus.
First in importance, both in quantity and in value, come lignite and coal.
Some of the richest lignite fields in Europe are found in the north-east corner of Bohemia round Briix, Dux, Falkenau, Ossegg and Teplitz.
It is also found among the distillation products of bituminous coal, lignite, and various shales, and has been detected in fusel oil and crude petroleum.
The great majority of the islands bear evident marks of volcanic origin, and there are numerous volcanic cones on the north side of the chain, some of them active; many of the islands, however, are not wholly volcanic, but contain crystalline or sedimentary rocks, and also amber and beds of lignite.
Coal, and in much larger quantities lignite, have been found in many parts of Alaska.
Cattle farms prosper along Beagle Channel, the timber industry is growing, lignite seams have been discovered, and alluvial gold is washed principally at Slogget Bay.
Petroleum, salt, lignite and brown coal are largely worked.
Lignite is used as fuel on the railways.
The mineral resources of the province are practically restricted to lignite and salt.
The lignite found near the Colorado line makes a valuable domestic fuel.
Lignite is worked in the neighbourhood.
Lead, zinc, lignite, coal and salt are worked, and there are numerous mineral springs; but the prosperity of the province chiefly depends on its transit trade and manufactures.
Deposits of clay, with remains of plants of the Tertiary period, lignite and tree-trunks pressed flat, which the Icelanders call surtarbrandur, occur in places in the heart of the basalt formation.
The richest coal and lignite seams occur among the north-eastern mountains, generally near the Danube or Timok, and along the Morava.
The Carboniferous coal-fields of Silesia and Bohemia are of the greatest importance; while Jurassic coal is worked at Steyerdorf and Ftinfkirchen in Hungary, and lignite at many places in the Tertiary beds.
On the north-west coast thin beds of lignite occur, and coal has been found in the valley of the Sakameira.
The mineral wealth of Saxe-Altenburg is scanty; lignite, the chief mineral, is worked mainly in the eastern district.
There are various steam-mills, iron-foundries, brick-fields and potteries near the town, and extensive deposits of lignite.
Coal deposits capable of being profitably worked are situated chiefly on the Spanish slopes but the French side has numerous beds of lignite.
Among the less important Spanish minerals are manganese (chiefly in Ciudad Real), antimony, gold, cobalt, sodic sulphate, sulphate of barium (barytes), phosphorite (found in Chceres), alum, sulphur, kaolin, lignite, asphalt, besides a variety of building and ornamental stones.
There is lignite in the Dongola mudiria and iron ore is found in Darfur, southern Kordofan and in the Bahr-el-Ghazal.
It is rich in minerals, including chrome, manganese, zinc, antimony, iron, argentiferous lead, arsenic and lignite, but some of these are unworked.
In lignite, on the other hand, the organized structure is sometimes excellently preserved.
In the Wealden of Belgium, for example, specimens of Ferns and Coniferae occur, in the form of lignite, which can be sectioned, like recent plants, with a razor, and exhibit an almost unaltered structure.
The lignite deposits and pipe-clays of Bovey Tracey in Devon, referred by Heer and Pengelly to the Miocene period, were considered by Gardner to be of the same age as the Bournemouth beds (Middle Eocene).
The flora of Bovey is like that of the lignite of the Wetterau, which is either highest Oligocene or lowest Miocene.
The Miocene period is unrepresented by any deposits in Great Britain, unless the Bovey lignite should belong to its earliest stage; we will therefore commence with the best known region - that of central Europe and especially of Switzerland, whence a prolific flora has been collected and described by Oswald Heer.
To this epoch, or perhaps to a stage slightly later, and not to the Newer Pliocene period, as is generally supposed, should probably be referred the lignite deposits of the Val d'Arno.
This lignite and the accompanying leaf-bearing clays underlie and are apparently older than the strata with Newer Pliocene mammals and mollusca.
Gold is found in the districts of Kola, naphtha and salt in those of Kern and Pinega, and lignite in Mezen.
The country is rich in lignite, and salt works are abundant.
Coal (lignite), guano, oil and bricks are also articles of export.
The Eocene includes a series of sandstones and marls with lignite, and these are overlaid by nummulite limestones.
The chief articles are wool, grain, sugar, salt, lignite and the principal manufactured products named above.
With an annual output capacity of 200,000 tons, RWE Power AG is the world's largest producer of activated lignite.
The production of coal and lignite averaging 33,465,000 metric tons in the years 1901-1905 represents about 73% of the total consumption of the country; the surplus is supplied from Great Britain, Belgium and Germany.
The specific gravity is highest in anthracite and lowest in lignite, bituminous coals giving intermediate values (see Table I.).
The minerals known to exist are - alum, antimony, arsenic, asbestos, boracide, chrome, coal, copper, emery, fuller's earth, gold, iron, kaolin, lead, lignite, magnetic iron, manganese, meerschaum, mercury, nickel, rock-salt, silver, sulphur and zinc. The vegetation varies with the climate, soil and elevation.
There are mines of silver, copper, lignite and salt, and many hot springs, including some of great repute medicinally.
Lignite is also mined at Bacu Abis, near Gonnesa, and Anthracite in small quantities near Seui.
Overlying the Tuscaloosa are the Eutaw sands, characterized by sandy laminated clays, and yellow, orange, red and blue sands, containing lignite and fossil resin.
It is marked by grey clays and sands, lignitic fossiliferous clays, beds of lignite or brown coal, sometimes 8 ft.
The state contains deposits of iron, gypsum, marl, phosphate, lignite, ochre, glass-sand, tripoli, fuller's earth, limestones and sandstones; and there are small gas flows in the Yazoo Delta.
In the vicinity of the towns are extensive lignite mines.
Other minerals that have been discovered but have not been industrially developed are gypsum, lignite and cement rock.
Coals are extracted at Neudorf, Lesitz, Ratiskowitz and Ceic; lignite at Rossitz, Oslavan and Mahrisch-Ostrau.
Iron ore, lignite, copper, mercury, molybdenite, nickel, platinum and other minerals have been found, but the quantity of each is too small, or the quality too poor, for them to be of commercial value.
The modern town is best known for its lignite coal-mines, from which Constantinople receives a good part of its supply.
Both these series contain numerous plant remains, evergreen oaks, magnolias, aralias, &c., and seams of lignite (coal), which is burnt; but in neither occur the marine beds of the United States.
Other important products are lignite, gypsum and a variety of valuable stones and clays.
There are lignite mines in the vicinity.
It chiefly consists of stratified volcanic tuffs rich in coal, lignite, fossilized plants and an invertebrate fauna.
The mineral wealth of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha is insignificant, small quantities of coal, lignite, ironstone and millstone being annually raised.
Lebanon has thick deposits of lignite coal, but of inferior quality owing to the presence of iron pyrites.
It has important iron and steel works and iron foundries, at which armour-plates, guns and projectiles are made for the Italian navy, also steel castings, machinery and rails, a royal arms factory, and lignite mining.
In the neighbourhood there are considerable deposits of lignite, and mineral-oil works.
On the continent of Europe it is customary to consider coal as divisible into two great classes, depending upon differences of colour, namely, brown coal, corresponding to the term "lignite" used in England and France, and black or stone coal, which is equivalent to coal as understood in England.
Lignite and cannel are usually dull and earthy, and of an irregular fracture, the latter being much tougher than the black coal.
Lignite or brown coal includes all varieties which are intermediate in properties between wood and coals of the older.
A coal of this kind is generally to be Lignite distinguished by its brown colour, either in mass or in the blacker varieties in the streak.
The proportion of carbon is comparatively low, usually not exceeding 70%, while the from this circumstance that the term lignite is derived.
In this coal, as well as in the lignite of Tasmania, known as white coal or Tasmanite, the sulphur occurs in organic combination, but is so firmly held that it can only be very partially expelled, even by exposure to a very high and continued heating out of contact with the air.
Both in Germany and in Austria-Hungary the production of lignite is large - in the first-named especially in the districts about Halle and Cologne; in the second in northwestern Bohemia, Styria and Carniola.
In the working of thick seams inclined at a high angle, such as those in the south of France, and in the lignite mines of Styria and Bohemia, the method of working in horizontal slices, about i 2 or r 5 ft.
With the exception of lignite, which underlies a large portion of the western half of the state, North Dakota has few mineral deposits of commercial value.