Lieu sentence example
It will be gone, and you will have nothing valuable in lieu of it."
Neisen and others to introduce glass valves in lieu of stop-cocks.
The latter are in fact little microscopes carrying a vernier etched on glass, in lieu of a filar micrometer.
At regular intervals the steamers of the Dutch Royal Steam Packet Company call at Dorey and other points, while administrative posts have been established elsewhere in lieu of others previously attempted but abandoned.
Cheetah.-Size of a small leopard and similar in colour, but has black spots in lieu of rings.Advertisement
The bishops have fixed salaries in lieu of tithes appropriated by the state.
These negotiations proved fruitless, and in 1904 Bolivia accepted a pecuniary indemnity in lieu of territory.
This land was divided between the stanitsas, at the rate of 81 acres per each soul, with special grants to officers (personal to some of them, in lieu of pensions), and leaving about one-third of the land as a reserve for the future.
The Ahoms retained the form of government in Assam peculiar to the Shan tribes, which may be briefly described as an organized system of personal service in lieu of taxation.
The introduction of additional diacritical marks, such as - and used to express quantity, and the diaeresis, as in ai, to express consecutive vowels, which are to be pronounced separately, may prove of service, as also such letters as a, o and ii, to be pronounced as in German, and in lieu of the French ai, eu or u.Advertisement
English mayors' and civic officials' robes are frequently trimmed with this fur in lieu of sable.
The principal event of his reign was the rebellion of the thakurs in 1883, owing to an attempt to increase the dues payable in lieu of military service; this led to the permanent location at Bikanir of a British political agent.
He was lodged in `the Louvre, received the grant of an income equal to that he had hitherto enjoyed, and, with the title of "veteran pensioner" in lieu of that of "foreign associate" (conferred in 1772), the right of voting at the deliberations of the Academy.
The Latin term " tractatus," and its derivatives, though of occasional occurrence in this sense from the 13th century onwards, only began to be commonly so employed, in lieu of the older technical terms " conventio publica," or " foedus," from the end of the r7th century.
His functions were those of a secretary; and, though he profited by benefices conferred on him in lieu of salary, he remained a layman to the end of his life.Advertisement
Compare also the rule of the Twelve Tables, by which an animal which had inflicted mischief might be surrendered in lieu of compensation.
Under the Local Government Act they ceased, and in lieu thereof it was provided that there should be annually paid out of the consolidated fund to the local taxation account a sum equal to the duties collected in Ireland on certain Revenue.
Unfortunately the medals were not ready in time for the civic presentation and cardboard replicas had to be presented in lieu.
Infants have no other way to communicate their pain or needs other than by crying, and a baby that cries excessively in lieu of sleep should be investigated for a medical condition.
With a battery backup, individuals who enjoy outdoor activities such as campers, boaters and motor home enthusiasts can continue their sleep apnea treatments using a battery in lieu of plugging the machine into standard AC current.Advertisement
These lenses are best left at home in lieu of more durable polycarbonate lenses for active lifestyles and intense sports, so keep your needs in mind when considering the Palms.
The same can be said about SMS text messages -- which many people use in lieu of voice calls for short messages -- and mobile data, the latter of which can be very important for business users and their smartphones.
The assumption is that a user can use the free Wi-Fi in lieu of the paid wireless (cellular) data connection from a carrier like AT&T.
Automaticity is the ability to recall facts instantly in lieu of counting on fingers or diagramming the problem.
Opt for a neutral hue, like black, cream or gray, and stick with crisp fabrics in lieu of modal and jersey materials, which are slinky and a bit too casual for professional environments.Advertisement
Tie a pashmina around your waist or hips as a belt or sarong and use a pin or scarf ring to hold the knot in place and give an extra bit of sparkle in lieu of an actual belt buckle.
A woman may choose to wear an elegant evening pantsuit in lieu of a gown or other type of dress for a number of reasons.
In lieu of a jacket, a woman may substitute a sweater over her collared polo shirt.
Wear a bright color or even a bold print in lieu of basic black, consider a flowing maxi dress with an artful skirt or opt for a dress with decorative straps.
If you decide that your small appliance is worth repairing in lieu of replacing, there are many options available online to help you keep your small appliance in good working order.
The pod holder is used in lieu of a filter on the single-serve coffee makers.
Many men and women prefer to use messenger bags in lieu of a briefcase these days.
Other straps can also be attached to the bag in lieu of its original strap.
Until 1468 the islands were part of Norway, when they were pawned to James III of Scotland in lieu of a royal dowry.
This express warranty is in lieu of all other warranties, express or implied.
Also has S-video socket to use in lieu of the yellow composite video phono connection.
Together you can hopefully put together a strong case for this ' Note in Lieu ' to be superseded by a statemented provision.
Formerly 2700 retired seamen were boarded within it, and 5000 or 6000 others, called outpensioners, received stipends at various rates out of its funds; but in 1865 an act was passed empowering the Admiralty to grant liberal pensions in lieu of food and lodging to such of the inmates as were willing to quit the hospital, and in 1869 another act was passed making their leaving on these conditions compulsory.
The first is of a preliminary character, qualifying for registration as a student or apprentice; in lieu of this examination, certificates of matriculation at a university, and those of certain other educational bodies, are accepted.
In March 1906 a motion censuring Lord Milner for an infraction of the Chinese labour ordinance, in not forbidding light corporal punishment of coolies for minor offences in lieu of imprisonment, was moved by a Radical member of the House of Commons.
The revolt of various disaffected provinces brought matters to a climax; in September 1875 one-half of the service of the interest was suspended, paper certificates known as " Ramazans " (since they were issued in the Arabic month of that name) being issued for that half in lieu of cash, and in the following March it was suspended altogether.
Hotel Tax and Service Charges At most hotels, a 10-15% service charge is added to the bill in lieu of tipping.
Part of my severance payment will be three months ' pay in lieu of notice.
Are time sheets kept and is time off in lieu taken?
Undertakings in lieu The test in the FTA relates to the effect of the merger on the public interest.
On occasion you may be required to work some unsocial hours for which time off in lieu will be given.
The contract also said that his employers could pay him wages in lieu of notice.
In lieu of payment the advertiser gave the station 112 electric can openers, which the station auctioned off on the air.
The government uses a tax lien to secure property in lieu of late or nonpayment of property taxes.
Although more expensive than regular hard drives, many consumers are switching out their current hard drives in lieu of the SSD because of the lower chance of failure.
Using red yard and black spots (in lieu of the suggested colors) this cute yarn bug can be made into a lady bug for a great craft to go along with The Grouchy Ladybug by Eric Carle.
For example, an engaged couple can create a Pitch-In card using the Best Buy website, and wedding guests can load funds onto the card in lieu of bringing a gift to the reception.
Another possible style of seating is benches in lieu of chairs.
Stenciling in lieu of a wood chair railing can mimic the effect of a chair rail.
Too Faced Lip Injection is used in lieu of lipstick.
Here's how you can usee this set in lieu of the gloss/liner set.
Since it is hypoallergenic and free of common allergens, many individuals with sensitive skin may opt for it in lieu of traditional formulas.
If you're ready to ditch the eyeliner pencil in lieu of a permanent fix, take a look at the following forms of tattooed cosmetics.
Foreign language dictionaries or phrase books are almost obsolete in lieu of websites and phones that do the same thing.
Winner may opt for a $150 Amazon gift card in lieu of the cookware prize.
Many couples these days are opting to make a charitable donation in lieu of favors.
In lieu of giving appliances or checks folks can assist in the cost of your honeymoon.
Depending on the social circle you are involved in, you may decide to donate money to a charitable organization in lieu of giving favors that will end up lost or discarded within days of your wedding.
In lieu of the grasses, you could just opt for leaves in the beautifully rich fall colors.
In lieu of receiving gifts, guests can donate money to various causes the couple believes in.
Couples can also inform guests that they would prefer donations to a favorite charity in lieu of gifts.
They may be happy to provide potato salad, homemade dinner rolls, or barbequed pulled pork in lieu of a gift.
Create a CD mix of your favorite love songs and/or dance tunes in lieu of hiring a wedding DJ or band.
Ask children to light the unity candle in lieu of the bride and groom.
Serving plenty of bite-size nosh in lieu of large portions of singular dishes is also a fun way to give everyone at the reception some variety - and plenty to talk about, too!
Many couples opt for wedding card boxes in lieu of a guest book.
If you'd like, "forget" one of your shoes behind on the steps, perhaps in lieu of throwing your bouquet - the girl who picks up the shoe will be the next to find her prince!
There are a few distinctive advantages to ordering thermography printing in lieu of engraved printing for your wedding invitations.
You might not expect to see sunshine yellow present in fall bouquets in lieu of a darker goldenrod shade, but it stands out next to deep forest greens, burgundies, and even chocolate browns for a salute to the passing summer.
Accepting a homemade cake in lieu of a wedding gift is a way to save hundreds of dollars or more on total wedding costs.
Flavor-wise, appropriate choices include a pumpkin cake decorated with sugared almonds, a pecan-flavored cake, or a round of pecan pies in lieu of the traditional cake.
She was sentenced to two months in jail, but was given the option of performing 240 hours of community service in lieu of jail time.
The actor left an Entourage DVD in lieu of an actual tip and also conducted himself boorishly.
If you don't mind a pajama set in lieu of an actual nightgown, you can find several more options online.
You can also build up your account by saving any money you receive as gifts,and even asking for money for your college savings in lieu of gifts.
Daring first-time brides sometimes choose to wear bold colors in lieu of this traditional choice; informal dresses are often shades other than the traditional white as well.
Of course, you might want to go the cute route for a formal event in lieu of something overly dressy and elegant.
Consider sporting artificial, bold-colored highlights in lieu of permanent colors - they'll allow you greater options and, of course, there's no commitment involved.
Put a fresh spin on this look by curling the ends outward and prop a sparkly tiara on your head in lieu of the clip.
You should do this in writing, in addition to or in lieu of telling the school personnel in a conversation.
Therefore, in lieu of sounding out each letter, students are taught blends and combinations of letters.
Attach several hearts of varying sizes to the handle of a gift bag or basket in lieu of a bow.
You might also opt for boy shorts or similar in lieu of bikini bottoms to create more modesty.
A twin set or a cardigan is a wonderful dress option that works perfectly in lieu of a structured jacket.
In lieu of anything clingy, fitted or tight, focus on flowing dresses and tops that skim the waist without cinching inward; flared skirts and dresses; low necklines; and straight pants that flow softly to the ankles.
In lieu of those wacky holiday sweaters bursting with pompoms and the like, try a new approach to the look.
In general, designs that save the most space in your kitchen are those that toast two slices in front and two slices in back in lieu of toasting four slices together.
Repairing the Braun shaver yourself in lieu of taking the device to a small appliance parts and repair store can save you a lot of money over the course of the shaver's lifetime.
Eco-friendly design uses water to cool air, in lieu of Freon or other cooling agents.
Consider allowing those who do not want to participate the option of paying a certain amount to the team in lieu of working on the fundraiser.
Authentic hula costumes also feature Haku lei, which are worn on the head in lieu of a single flower tucked behind the ear.
Whereas a Dracula costume of old might have featured bat wings in lieu of the classic cape, these costumes will instead be adorned with beautiful fairy wings, straight out of a pre-Raphaelite painting.
In lieu of actual Iron Man costume patterns, these can work very well to make you a great outfit.
Boas, colored metallic Mardi Gras masks and beads can be tossed on in lieu of a special occasion pantsuit.
In lieu of money, some people send magazines, books or other items as gifts.
Many people contribute to charities in lieu of more commercialized gifts, and it is also one of the most popular days for weddings, particularly when the holiday falls on a Saturday.
Less expensive pendants in silver or stainless steel are also available in lieu of gold or platinum.
In lieu of a backpack purse, you might consider a zebra print messenger purse, which offers the same amount of functionality in a similar style.
In lieu of party favors, buy each guest a t-shirt (you can purchase them inexpensively at a craft store), and some decorative fabric markers.
In lieu of a present opening time in front of everyone, have your child open presents as the gift bearers arrive.
In lieu of using a timeout or taking away privileges, adults place a sticker on the chart when a child is acting appropriately to reinforce positive behavior.
To personalize the ATV further, look for a name plate that can be used in lieu of a license plate.
The preschool version of the popular UNO card games involves matching and sorting, but in lieu of numbers, the games uses animals and colors.
No parent wants to think about a child wasting time online in lieu of reading or even playing outside.
Work boots are often overlooked in lieu of their fashionable counterparts.
It's tempting to skip catching a cab or navigating your own traffic jams in lieu of these roller skate shoes, though it may be harder to apply lipstick, drink coffee and eat a bagel en route that way.
Walking around town or the mall, especially in lieu of flip-flops or athletic shoes.
Soap operas as a whole declined in ratings during the 90s due in part to the advent of widespread cable and satellite television as well as the OJ Simpson trial which aired in lieu of soap operas on multiple networks.
Somerhalder requested that in lieu of birthday presents that fans send donations to the foundation for his December 8, 2010 birthday.
Feel free to wear this temporary tattoo in lieu of the real deal for a few days to ensure you'll be happy with the final result.
In lieu of a banner, you can also write your message in script outside the cross at the top, or the bottom.
Superstars may elect to take 100% commission in lieu of any salary offers.
Many can be cancelled in lieu of a well-written memo or company email outlining all the points involved.
The program works by providing you with counseling, training and other forms of assistance to help you to establish your business in lieu of obtaining unemployment insurance.
Medicine balls can be used in conjunction with - or in lieu of - free weights and weight machines.
Many people are choosing to forego these expenses in lieu of at home cardio.
Many verbs that are not commonly reflexive can be used in a reciprocal sense in lieu of "each other."
Think of it as painting a picture using descriptive verbs in lieu of bland ones.
In French however, you use marcher for "march" in general, but you faire une marche de protestation, or s'approcher in lieu of marching up to someone or something.
Bien is an adverb and so it will always modify a verb in lieu of a noun.
Other methods used to make coffee include percolators, which use nearly an identical method but with a metal filter basket in lieu of the paper-lined basket, and stovetop perked coffee that also passes hot water up and over coffee grinds.
Some employers provide dental discount plans to their employees in lieu of an insurance plan.
Military identification cards are used in lieu of insurance cards.
Employers can offer this program to employees as a benefit in conjunction with dental insurance or in lieu of it.
You can use one of these camis in lieu of a stiff, white-collared shirt; which can be especially helpful on casual Fridays.
Women could wear the suit in lieu of more constricting underclothes, although most still wore corsets as well.
Again, you may have a hard time finding nylon styles in lieu of seersucker, cotton, flannel and other blends.
A shrinking cup size is no excuse to forego the gym in lieu of a frozen coffee drink with whipped cream.
Before there was an official soundtrack, there was an official iTunes Fireproof mix that you could download in lieu of a soundtrack.
Carly's friends, Sam Puckett (who acts as the co-host of iCarly), Freddie Benson (who is the producer of the show) and Spencer (who is Carly's guardian in lieu of her parents), are also main characters on the show.
To his translation (1530) of a Latin Chronicle and Description of Turkey, by a Transylvanian captive, which had been prefaced by Luther, he added an appendix holding up the Turks as in many respects an example to Christians, and presenting in lieu of the restrictions of Lutheran, Zwinglian and Anabaptist sects, the vision of an invisible spiritual church, universal in its scope.
Many suffered under this law, but the ultimate effect was to invest the press with new popularity, and very soon the newspapers conceived a device which effectually protected their literary staff, for they employed dummy editors whose sole function was to go to prison in lieu of the true editor.
Thus in lieu of the German appeared the Bolshevist menace.
Moreover, every one who so desired it might pay a commutation in lieu of personal service, and the amount so realized was to be re-used to levy troops.
P. Parthenium eximium, 2 ft., is a handsome double white form of ornamental character for the mixed border; P. uliginosum, 5 to 6 ft., has fine large, white, radiate flowers in October; P. Tchihatchewii, a close-growing, dense evergreen, creeping species, with long-stalked, white flower-heads, is adapted for covering slopes in lieu of turf, and for rockwork.
In lieu of calling the different subsidiary associations by the ordinary term " Lodges," the name was given of " Habitations," which could be constituted with thirteen members.
Driven to desperation, Ismail made a virtue of necessity and accepted, in September 1878, in lieu of the Dual Control, a constitutional ministry, under the presidency of Nubar Pasha (qv.), with Rivers Wilson as minister of finance and de Blignires as minister of public works.
If a husband dies leaving descendants only by a former marriage, the widow may take in lieu of dower the personal property that came to him by means of marriage, or if there be children by both marriages she may take in lieu of her dower right to his real estate an absolute right therein equivalent to the share of a child.
Water-tight concrete is a suitable material for the purpose; it need not be made so thick as the puddle core, and is therefore sometimes used with considerable advantage in lieu of the puddle for the whole depth below ground.
Land which had thus been once forest land and was afterwards disafforested was known as purlieu - derived by Manwood from the French pur and lieu, i.e.
These Geheimrdte, a narrow body of secret counsellors, had already become a determinate concilium by 1527; and though at first only concerned with foreign affairs, they acquired, from the middle of the 16th century onwards, the power of dealing with imperial affairs in lieu of the Aulic Council.
The art of poetry stood to the Icelanders in lieu of music; scarcely any prominent man but knew how to turn a mocking or laudatory stanza, and down to the fall of the commonwealth the accomplishment was in high request.
The common schools are in large part maintained out of the proceeds of the school lands (about 1,200,000 acres), which are sections 16 and 36 in each township of that portion of the state which formerly constituted Oklahoma Territory, and a Congressional appropriation of $5,000,000 in lieu of these sections in what was formerly Indian Territory.
The Irish Education Act of 1892 provided that the parents of children of not less than 6 nor more than 14 years of age should cause them to attend school in the absence of reasonable excuse on at least 150 days in the year in municipal boroughs and in towns or townships under commissioners; and provisions were made for the partial or total abolition of fees in specified circumstances, for a parliamentary school grant in lieu of abolished school fees, and for the augmentation of the salaries of the national teachers.
At the Restoration the Irish parliament granted an hereditary revenue to the king, an excise for the maintenance of the army, a subsidy of tonnage and poundage for the navy, and a tax on hearths in lieu of feudal burdens.
In 1874 a long dispute over the public domains was settled, two-thirds of these being assigned to the duke in lieu of a civil list.
In order to establish this absolute despotism Richelieu created no new instruments, but made use of a revolutionary institution Methods of the 16th century, namely intendants (q.v.), employed agents who were forerunners of the commissaries of by Riche- the Convention, gentlemen of the long robe of inferior lieu, condition, hated by every one, and for that reason the more trustworthy.
In both cases the customs stations levy duties on vessels entering and leaving the foreign port in lieu of levying them, as ought to be done, on entering or leaving a Chinese port.
At the same time the combs were preserved for refilling by the bees, in lieu of melting them down for wax.
Root, of Medina, Ohio, who suggested the substitution of embossed rollers in lieu of flat plates, in order to increase the output of foundation and lessen its cost to the bee-keeper.
In lieu of the original lifetime tenancy granted the home income plan provider will provide you with a lifetime annuity.
Adolescents who attend boot camps for troubled teens are either sentenced to attend one by a judge in lieu of jail time or are put there by their parents or guardians, who fear their child's behavior may get worse if it is not corrected.
There are a variety of reasons why a teen would choose to pick out a ghetto dress in lieu of the traditional princess-like frills often seen at prom.
Try a metallic sandal in lieu of your favorite broken in flip flops to give an instant update to even the most casual outfit.
Foods are often dehydrated, juiced, blended and soaked in lieu of traditional preparation methods (such as baking or frying).
With a honeymoon registry, their guests are offered the option of helping them with their honeymoon in lieu of a gift.
Carry a Bible, hymnal, or rosary in lieu of a wedding bouquet.
Villanova does offer online master's certification in lieu of an online MBA from Villanova.
For the dog who displays anti-social behavior, a heated bed can serve as part of a crate or area that the dog can escape to in lieu of a den.
In Italy they are used to form green turf in lieu of grass, which perishes from the heat.
Initially, Mudvayne employed elaborate costuming and stage makeup in their live shows, and they used stage names like Kud, Gurrg and sPaG in lieu of their given names.
Are you ditching the gym in lieu of tossing horseshoes?
Lighter weight sweaters were even worn in summer, in lieu of jackets.
In lieu of belt loops for some slacks, suspenders were worn to hold the pants up.
Younger men took to wearing summery shirts with soft collars in lieu of the standard stiff version, a habit that was frowned upon by some.
If your tendency is toward bold, fearless looks, opt for a colorful dress shirt in lieu of a basic white or light blue.
In lieu of hats with wide brims and basic knit winter caps, a leather newsboy is a great - and stylish - alternative.
Since you can use a good cardigan in lieu of a jacket, you might opt for a dress shirt and tie with a cardigan and dark jeans for a slick look - a look that almost demands a good hat as well.
If you don't want the guests to bring gifts or would prefer donations to a specific charity in lieu of gifts, this should be specified in the announcement as well.
When he came to court and confessed he did not have enough money to pay his back support, the judge asked him to catch a fugitive in lieu of the money.
In lieu of a Universal Translator, the Enterprise relied on Ensign Hoshi Sato (Linda Park) a gift linguist who not only spoke multiple languages, but was able to parse out the phonetic keys to understanding new languages.
Everyone's skin will react differently, but try olive oil, argan oil, or coconut oil in lieu of traditional moisturizers.
In lieu of an ice pack, fill a Ziploc bag with ice, wrap it with a paper towel or washcloth and apply it to the injury site.
In lieu of the sovereignty of Tuscany, he obtained in 1802 the electorship of Salzburg, which he exchanged by the peace of Pressburg in 1805 for that of Wiirzburg.
Meanwhile, at Oxford a proposal practically making Greek optional with all undergraduates was rejected, in November 1902, by 189 votes to 166; a preliminary proposal permitting students of mathematics or natural science to offer one or more modern languages in lieu of Greek was passed by 164 to 162 in February 1904, but on the 29th of November the draft of a statute to this effect was thrown out by 200 to 164.
In lieu of the sums due, he offered him a professorship at Rostock, which Kepler declined.
Tithes on houses or customary payments in lieu of tithes have, by local acts, in some cases been turned into church rates.
Another third comes from the Dominion subsidy, granted in lieu of the power of indirect taxation, and the remainder from the sale or lease of crown lands, timber and minerals.
The islands retain the exemption from direct taxation which they enjoyed under the British protectorate; in lieu of this there is an ad valorem tax of 202% on exported oil and a tax of 6% on wine exported to Greek ports; these commodities are further liable to an export duty of 12%, which is levied on all agricultural produce and articles of local manufacture for the maintenance and construction of roads.
In these pieces, as in almost every production of his, in lieu of melody Liszt offers fragments of melody - touching and beautiful, it may be, or passionate, or tinged with triviality; in lieu of a rational distribution of centres of harmony in accordance with some definite plan, he presents clever combinations of chords and ingenious modulations from point to point; in lieu of musical logic and consistency of design, he is content with rhapsodical improvisation.
There are also some small districts or dependencies generally held in fief, turyul, by princes or high functionaries who take the revenues in lieu of salaries, pensions, allowances, &c., and either themselves govern or appoint others to do so.
Since then the most important change in Baluch administration has been the perpetual lease and transfer of management to British agency of the Nushki district and Niabat, with all rights, jurisdiction and administrative power, in lieu of a perpetual rent of Rs.9000 per annum.
Since 1882 he has received Rs.25,000 as government rent for the Quetta district, besides Rs.30,000 in lieu of transit duties in the Bolan; this has been increased lately by Rs.9000 as already stated.
He captured it in 1215, but it was not till 1284 that it was adopted as the imperial residence in lieu of Karakorum in the Mongol steppes by his grandson Kublai.
The public schools are supported by the income from a Federal grant of 2,000,000 acres of public land (given in lieu of the usual sixteenth and thirty-sixth sections) supplemented by state and local taxation.
The conquered peoples fell into an inferior caste, made to work for, and to pay for the subsistence of, their conquerors, as under the Arab domination; the principal taxes exacted from them were the kharaj, a tax of indeterminate amount upon realty, based on the value of lands owned by unbelievers - (in contradistinction to the tithe [ashar] which was a tax of fixed amount upon lands owned by believers) - and levied in payment of the privilege of gaining means of existence in a Mussulman country, and the jiziye, a compulsory payment, or poll-tax, to which believers were not subjected, in lieu of military service.
This grant is in lieu of the grants formerly made out of the exchequer grant in aid of local rates, and amounted in1906-1907to £619,489.
In both chambers the exercise of some scientific profession is accepted in lieu of the pecuniary income.
In the beginning of March 1921, direct negotiation between Poland and Lithuania under the aus p ices of the League of Nations, to be followed by arbitration on unsettled points, was proposed in lieu of the plebiscite and agreed to by all parties.
In 1814, before the site of this proposed institution had been chosen, Thomas Jefferson was elected a trustee, and under his influence the legislature, in February 1816, authorized the establishment of Central College in lieu of Albemarle Academy.
In 1806 he received in lieu of a pension the nominal office of the writership of the Edinburgh Gazette, with a salary of £300.
It was separated from the English Department, and undertook the inspection of higher class schools (public, endowed and voluntary), and two years later instituted a leaving certificate examination, the pass of which is accepted for most of the university and professional authorities in lieu of their preliminary examinations.