A price was set on the life of Court; and in 1730 he escaped to Lausanne.
The Seminary of Lausanne sent forth all the pastors of the Reformed Church of France till the days of the first French Empire.
He died at Lausanne in 1760.
He then went to school in Lausanne, and from there passed on to the Theresianum in Vienna.
during the Sixteenth, Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries (1901); Duboux, La Physique de Descartes (Lausanne, 1881); G.
of Lausanne or 3 m.
13 (Lausanne, 1874-1875); 15.
Congress (London, 1895), p. 593 also Le Leman (2 vols., Lausanne, 1892, 1894); H.
Pavilliard, a Calvinist minister at Lausanne.
Before a similar mode of reasoning, all the other distinctive articles of the Romish creed "disappeared like a dream "; and " after a full conviction," on Christmas day, 1754, he received the sacrament in the church of Lausanne.
With all his devotion to study at Lausanne' (he read ten or twelve hours a day), he still found some time for the acquisition of some of the lighter accomplishments, such as riding, dancing, drawing, and also for mingling in such society as the place had to offer.
In 1757 Voltaire came to reside at Lausanne; and although he took but little notice of the young Englishman of twenty, who eagerly sought and easily obtained an introduction, the establishment of the theatre at Monrepos, where the brilliant versifier himself declaimed before select audiences his own productions on the stage, had no small influence in fortifying Gibbon's taste for the French theatre, and in at the same time abating that "idolatry for the gigantic genius of Shakespeare which is inculcated from our infancy as the first duty of an Englishman."
His father's library, though large in comparison with that he commanded at Lausanne, contained, he says, " much trash "; but a gradual process of reconstruction transformed it at length into that " numerous and select " library which was " the foundation of his works, and the best comfort of his life both at home and abroad."
My studies were sometimes interrupted with a sigh, which I breathed towards Lausanne; and on the approach of spring I withdrew without reluctance from the noisy and extensive scene of crowds without company, and dissipation without pleasure."
From France he proceeded to Switzerland, and spent nearly a year at Lausanne, where many old friendships and studies were resumed, and new ones begun.
Deyverdun, a young Swiss with whom he had formed a close and intimate friendship during his first residence at Lausanne, and finally decided in favour of the land which was his " friend's by birth " and " his own by adoption."
He therefore resolved to fix himself at Lausanne.
Having sold all his property except his library - to him equally a necessary and a luxury - Gibbon repaired to Lausanne in September 1783, and took up his abode with his early friend Deyverdun, now a resident there.
" In London," says he, " I was lost in the crowd; I ranked with the first families in Lausanne, and my style of prudent expense enabled me to maintain a fair balance of reciprocal civilities..
Vinet of Lausanne, Edward Irving, Frederick D.
In June 1448 the rump of the council migrated to Lausanne.
died on the 23rd of February 1 447, and the fathers of Lausanne, to save appearances, gave their support to his successor, Nicholas V., who had already been governing the Church for two years.
The Peace of Lausanne brought his work in Africa to an end, and he returned to Constantinople to find Turkey in the midst of the war with the Balkan States.
de Charriere, and settled with him at Colombier, near Lausanne.
This, with Caliste, ou lettres ecrites de Lausanne (2 vols.
Voltaire had infringed this law already as far as private performances went, and he had thought of building a regular theatre, not indeed at Geneva but at Lausanne.
Voltaire obeyed this hint as far as Les Delices was concerned, and consoled himself by having the performances in his Lausanne house.
On the 16th Germinal, Tallien procured a decree of accusation against him, but he was already in safety, taking refuge probably at Lausanne.
by rail from Lausanne, past St Maurice and Sion.
He must not be confused with Emil Kopp (1817-1875), who, born at Warselnheim, Alsace, became in 1847 professor of toxicology and chemistry at the Ecole superieure de Pharmacie at Strasburg, in 1849 professor of physics and chemistry at Lausanne, in 1852 chemist to a Turkey-red factory near Manchester, in 1868 professor of technology at Turin, and finally, in 1871, professor of technical chemistry at the Polytechnic of Zurich, where he died in 1875.
Theologie et philosophie (1868-1872), an account of foreign literature on those subjects, was continued as Revue de theologie et de philosophie (1873) at Lausanne.
Alongside Bernard may be placed the two mystics of St Victor, Hugo and Richard, and a little later Peter Waldo of Lyons, who, like Henry of Lausanne, preached a plain message to the poor and lowly.
Meanwhile Bern had declared war on the duke of Savoy, and had not only conquered a great part of the Pays de Vaud, including the important town of Lausanne, but had enabled Geneva to win its complete independence.
Other works on the same subject are Frederic Troyon, Habitations lacustres des temps anciens et modernes (Lausanne, 1860); E.
Hardly knowing anything of music, he attempted to give lessons and a concert at Lausanne; and he actually taught at Neuchatel.
In addition to being a good bishop, Marius was a clever goldsmith; he was present at the council of Macon in 585, and transferred the seat of his bishopric from Avenches to Lausanne.
The broad-gauge railways in the canton have a length of 184 m., and include bits of the main lines towards Paris and Lausanne (for Bern or the Simplon), while there are also 724 m.
Gex, the Genevois and the Chablais, Geneva being thus once more placed amid the dominions of the duke; though by the same treaty (that of Lausanne, October 156 4, Calvin having died the preceding May) the alliance of Bern with Geneva was maintained.
In 1819 the canton (the new portions of which were inhabited mainly by Romanists) was annexed to the bishopric of Lausanne, the bishop in 1821 being authorized to add "and of Geneva" to his episcopal style.
Gaspard Mermillod (1824-1891) was named in 1864 cure of Geneva, and made bishop of Hebron in partibus, acting as the helper of the bishop of Lausanne.
Early in 1873 the pope named him "vicar apostolic of Geneva," but he was expelled a few weeks later from Switzerland, not returning till 1883, when he became bishop of Lausanne, being made cardinal in 1890.
Besson, Recherches sur les origines des eveches de Geneve, Lausanne et Sion (Fribourg, 1906); J.
of the author's Jean Calvin) (Lausanne, 1905); E.
de Montet, Dictionnaire biographique des Genevois, &c. (2 vols., Lausanne, 1878); C. L.
Thence, in 1711, he was called to the professorship of history and civil law at Lausanne, and finally settled as professor of public law at Groningen.
They are as follows: Institutum Societatis Jesu (7 vols., Avignon, 1830-1838); Orlandini, Historia Societatis Jesu (Antwerp, 1620); Imago primi saeculi Societatis Jesu (Antwerp, 1640); Nieremberg, Vida de San Ignacio de Loyola (9 vols., fol., Madrid, 1645-1736); Genelli, Life of St Ignatius of Loyola (London, 1872); Backer, Bibliotheque des ecrivains de la Compagnie de Jesus (7 vols., Paris, 1853-1861); Cretineau Joly, Histoire de la Compagnie de Jesus (6 vols., Paris, 1844); Guettee, Histoire des Jesuites (3 vols., Paris, 1858-1859); Wolff, Allgemeine Geschichte der Jesuiten (4 vols., Zurich, 1789-1792); Gioberti, Il Gesuita moderno (Lausanne, 1846); F.
(Lausanne, 1748), chap. viii.
In November 1549 he was appointed Greek professor at Lausanne, where he acted as Calvin's adjutant in various publications, including his defence of the burning of Servetus, De Haereticis a civili magistrate puniendis (1554).
LAUSANNE, the capital of the Swiss canton of Vaud.
A funicular railway connects the upper town with the central railway station and with Ouchy, the port of Lausanne on the lake of Geneva.
Lausanne takes its name from the Flon stream flowing through it, which was formerly called Laus (water).
The railways were built between 1856 and 1862, while the opening of the Simplon tunnel (1906) greatly increased the commercial importance of Lausanne, which is now on the great international highway from Paris to Milan.
Since the days of Gibbon (resident here for three periods, 1753-1758,1763-1764and 1783-1793), whose praises of the town have been often repeated, Lausanne has become a favourite place of residence for foreigners (including many English), who are especially attracted by the excellent establishments for secondary and higher education.
On the Montbenon heights to the southwest of the cathedral group is the federal palace of justice, the seat (since 1886) of the federal court of justice, which, erected by the federal constitution of 29th May 1874, was fixed at Lausanne by a federal resolution of 26th June 1874.
The first book printed in Lausanne was the missal of the cathedral church (1493), while the Gazette de Lausanne (founded 1798) took that name in 1804.
Lausanne has been the birthplace of many distinguished men, such as Benjamin Constant, the Secretans, Vinet and Rambert.
In 1798 Lausanne became a simple prefecture of the canton Leman.
The bishop of Lausanne resided after 1663 at Fribourg, while from 1821 onwards he added "and of Geneva" to his title.
Besides the general works dealing with the canton of Vaud (q.v.), the following books refer specially to Lausanne: A.
Bernus, L'Imprimerie a Lausanne et d Morges jusqu'd la fin du 161eme siècle (Lausanne, 1904); M.
Besson, Recherches sur les origines des eveches de Geneve, Lausanne, Sion (Fribourg, 1906); A.
Bonnard, "Lausanne au 181eme siècle," in the work entitled Chez nos aieux (Lausanne, 1902); E.
Dupraz, La Cathedrale de Lausanne.
etude historique (Lausanne, 1906); E.
Forel, Documents concernant l'ancien eveche de Lausanne, 2 parts (Lausanne, 1846-1847); J.
Gribble, Lausanne (1909); E.
van Muyden and others, Lausanne d travers les ages (Lausanne, 1906); Meredith Read, Historic Studies in Vaud, Berne and Savoy (2 vols., 1897); M.
sur le diocese de Lausanne (2 vols., Fribourg, 1859); J.
Stammler (afterwards bishop of Lausanne), Le Tresor de la cathedrale de Lausanne (Lausanne, 1902; trans.
HENRI BENJAMIN CONSTANT DE REBECQUE (1767-1830), French writer and politician, was born at Lausanne on the 25th of October 1767.
Constant, who had met Madame de Stael at Lausanne in 1794, followed her in the next year to Paris, where he rapidly became a personage in the moderate republican circle which met in her salon; and by 1796 he had established with her intimate relations, which, in spite of many storms, endured for ten years.
Congregations were formed in Geneva, at Lausanne, where most of the Methodist and other dissenters joined the Brethren, at Vevey and elsewhere in Vaud.
Rothpletz, Ein geologischer Querschnitt durch die Ost-Alpen (Stuttgart, 1894); C. Diener, "Bau and Bild der Ostalpen and des Karstgebietes," in Bau and Bild Osterreichs (Vienna and Leipzig, 1903); Livret-guide geologique dans le Jura et les Alpes de la Suisse (Paris and Lausanne, 1894); A.
As an illustration of the use of water-power, even at a considerable distance from a town, the case of Lausanne may be described.
to Lausanne, the loss being estimated not to exceed 10% in the long transmission.
'JEAN PIERRE DE CROUSAZ (1663-1750), Swiss writer, was born at Lausanne.
He has been described as an initiateur plutot qu'un createur, chiefly because he introduced at Lausanne the philosophy of Descartes in opposition to the reigning Aristotelianism, and also as a Calvinist pendant (for he was a pastor) of the French abbes of the 18th century.
He studied at Geneva, Leyden and Paris, before becoming (1700) professor of philosophy and mathematics at the academy of Lausanne, of which he was four times rector before 1724, when the theological disputes connected with the Consensus led him to accept a chair of philosophy and mathematics at Groningen.
In 1726 he was appointed governor to the young prince Frederick of Hesse-Cassel, and in 1735 returned to Lausanne with a good pension.
(April 7), and his own recognition by the rump of the council of Basel, assembled at Lausanne, put an end to the papal schism.
He studied at Lausanne under Alexander Vinet, and at Halle and Berlin under F.
In 1723 Major Davel, at Lausanne, and in 1749 Henzi, in Bern itself, tried to break down this monopoly, but in each case paid the penalty of failure on the scaffold.
HENRY OF LAUSANNE (variously known as of Bruys, of Cluny, of Toulouse, and as the Deacon), French heresiarch of the first half of the 12th century.
When he arrived at Le Mans in 1 101, his terminus a quo was probably Lausanne.
maj., at date 1151) that a young girl, who gave herself out to be miraculously inspired by the Virgin Mary, was reputed to have converted a great number of the disciples of Henry of Lausanne.
Lausanne (1894); Karsten, " Zur Entwickelungsgeschichte der Gattung Gnetum," Cohn's Beitrage, vi.
Henry Of Lausanne >>
1739, in 4to); Methodus inveniendi lineas curvas, maximi minimive proprietate gaudentes (Lausanne, 1744, in 4to); Theoria motuum planetarum et cometarum (Berlin, 1744, in 4to); Beantwortung, &c., or Answers to Different Questions respecting Comets (ibid., 1744, in 8vo); Neue Grundsatze, &c., or New Principles of Artillery, translated from the English of Benjamin Robins, with notes and illustrations (ibid., 1745, in 8vo); Opuscula varii argumenti (ibid., 1746-1751, in 3 vols.
4to); Rettung der gottlichen Offenbarung, &c., Defence of Divine Revelation against Freethinkers (ibid., 1747, in 4to); Introductio in analysin infinitorum (Lausanne, 1748, in 2 vols.
Secretan, Sempach et Winkelried (Lausanne, 1886); and the summary in K.
Alberoni left a large quantity of manuscripts; but the genuineness of the Political Testament, published in his name at Lausanne in 1753, has been questioned.
About the same time also, the peace of Calvin and his friends was much disturbed and their work interrupted by Pierre Caroli, another native of northern France, who, though a man of loose principle and belief, had been appointed chief pastor at Lausanne and was discrediting the good work done by Pierre Viret in that city.
Farel was retained by the Neuchatelois, and Viret, soon after Calvin's return, removed to Lausanne.
ALEXANDRE RODOLPHE VINET (1797-1847), French critic and theologian, of Swiss birth, was born near Lausanne on the 17th of June 1797.
His literary criticism brought him into contact with Sainte-Beuve, for whom he procured an invitation to lecture at Lausanne, which led to his famous work on PortRoyal.
francaise hors de France (Lausanne, 1895); V.
A uniform edition of his works was begun in 1908, see Revue de theologie et philosophic (Lausanne, 1908, 234 sqq.).
But while on a visit to Geneva, Madame de Vermenou met Suzanne Curchod, the daughter of a pastor near Lausanne, to whom Gibbon had been engaged, and brought her back as her companion to Paris in 1764.
It is possible that they were Henricians (see Henry Of Lausanne).
During his mission in the south-east of France in 1146-1147 St Bernard still met disciples of Henry of Lausanne in the environs of Perigueux.
south-east of Lausanne), at Vernex (2 m.
The people were attached to the bons hommes, whose asceticism imposed upon the masses, and the anti-sacerdotal preaching of Peter of Bruys and Henry of Lausanne in Perigord, Languedoc and Provence, only facilitated the progress of Catharism in those regions.
" Regret," for the tomb of Cabanel, was produced in 1892, along with " William Tell," now at Lausanne.
On the morning of Sunday June 1st, we will create a non-violent blockade of the G8 delegates in Lausanne.
choreographed a piece for him at Lausanne.
The theory created considerable debate, and in 1977 the Lausanne Movement convened a special conference to consider it.
Lausanne is located some 60 km northeast of Geneva.
He had already, with the aid of some of the Protestant princes, established a theological college ("Seminaire de Lausanne") there, and during the remaining thirty years of his life he filled the post of director.
During the remainder of his residence at Lausanne he had good reason to " indulge his dream of felicity "; but on his return to England, " I soon discovered that my father would not hear of this strange alliance, and that without his consent I was myself destitute and helpless.
He seems to have been much indulged, and to have led a very pleasant life of it; he pleased himself in moderate excursions, frequented the theatre, mingled, though not very often, in society; was sometimes a little extravagant, and sometimes a little dissipated, but never lost the benefits of his Lausanne exile; and easily settled into a sober, discreet, calculating Epicurean philosopher, who sought the summum bonum of man in temperate, regulated and elevated pleasure.
Picart, Ceremonies et coutumes religieuses de tous les peuples (1723); du Tilliot, Memoires pour servir d l'histoire de la fÃªte des Fous (Lausanne, 1741); Aime Cherest, Nouvelles recherches sur la fÃªte des Innocents et la fete des Fous Bans plusieurs eglises et notamnzent dans celle de Sens (Paris, 1853); Schneegans in Miiller's Zeitschrift fur deutsche Kulturgeschichte (1858); H.
Finally Bern, fearing that Geneva might fall to France instead of to itself, sent an army to protect the city (January 1536), but, not being able to persuade the citizens to give up their freedom, had to content itself with the conquest of the barony of Vaud and of the bishopric of Lausanne, thus acquiring rich territories, while becoming close neighbours of Geneva (January and March 1536).
Bernus, L'Imprimerie a Lausanne et d Morges jusqu'd la fin du 161eme siÃ¨cle (Lausanne, 1904); M.
Bonnard, "Lausanne au 181eme siÃ¨cle," in the work entitled Chez nos aieux (Lausanne, 1902); E.
p. 451, " Electrical Installations at Lausanne "; vol.
Gibbon, describing his first stay at Lausanne (1752-1755), writes in his Autobiography, "the logic of de Crousaz had prepared me to engage with his master Locke and his antagonist Bayle."
clxxxix.) against the disciples of Peter of Bruys and Henry of Lausanne, whom he calls Henry of Bruys, and whom, at the moment of writing, he accuses of preaching, in all the dioceses in the south of France, errors which he had inherited from Peter of Bruys.
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