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landlords

landlords Sentence Examples

  • The lessee, or farmer, tills the soil at his own risk; usually he provides live stock, implements and capital, and has no right to compensation for ordinary improvements, nor for extraordinary improvements effected without the landlords consent.

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  • In Latium leasehold and farming by landlords prevail, but cases of, nezzadria and of improvement farms exist.

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  • Large landlords are usually represented by ministri, or factors, who direct agricultural operations and manage the estates, but the estate is often let to a middleman, or mercante di campagna.

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  • The strikes and other economic agitations at this time may be divided roughly into three groups: strikes in industrial centres for higher wages, shorter hours and better labor conditions generally; strikes of agricultural laborers in northern Italy for better contracts with the landlords; disturbances among the south Italian peasantry due to low wages, unemployment (particularly in Apulia), and the claims of the laborers to public land occupied illegally by the landlords, combined with local feuds and the struggle for power of the various influential families.

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  • The landlords on their part organized an agrarian union to defend their interests and enrolled numbers of non-union laborers to carry on the necessary work and save the crops.

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  • No measures had been taken to supply these voluntary crusaders with food or clothing; as harvest-time approached, the landlords commanded them to return to reap the fields, and on their refusing to do so, proceeded to maltreat their wives and families and set their armed retainers upon the half-starved multitudes.

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  • Instantly the movement was diverted from its original object, and the peasants and their leaders began a war of extermination against the landlords.

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  • But by laws promulgated in 1888 and 1889 the rights of police and manorial justice were transferred from the landlords to officials of the central government.

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  • The relations of the Esths and Letts with their landlords are anything but friendly.

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  • This act liberated the serfs from a yoke which was really terrible, even under the best landlords, and from this point of view it was obviously an immense benefit.2 But it was far from securing corresponding economic results.

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  • Finally, in the Baltic provinces nearly all the land belongs to the German landlords, who either farm the land themselves, with hired labourers, or let it in small farms. Only one-fourth of the peasants are farmers, the remainder being mere labourers, who are emigrating in great numbers.

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  • The forests have been sold, and only those landlords are prospering who exact rack-rents for the land without which the peasants could not live upon their allotments.

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  • The address in reply to the speech from the throne, voted after a debate in which abstract theories had triumphed over common sense, demanded universal suffrage, the establishment of pure parliamentary government, the abolition of capital punishment, the expropriation of the landlords, a political amnesty, and the suppression of the Imperial Council.

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  • With this and perhaps some other exceptions, there are not in the Mahratta country many large landlords, nor many of the superior tenure-holders whose position relatively to that of the peasantry has caused much discussion ii: other parts of India.

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  • They are sometimes in the position of landlords, but often they are the assignees of the land revenue, which they are entitled under special grants to collect for themselves instead of for government, paying merely a small sum to Government by way of quit-rent.

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  • The statute of 1685, conferring on landlords a power to entail their estates, was indeed of a very different tendency in regard to its effects on agriculture.

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  • An Act passed in 1770, which relaxed the rigour of strict entails and afforded power to landlords to grant leases and otherwise improve their estates, had a beneficial effect on Scottish agriculture.

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  • The unlimited issues of government paper and the security afforded by these leases induced the Scottish banks to afford every facility to landlords and tenants to embark capital in the improvement of the land.

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  • The stronger current of modern authority is in favour of the landlords and not in favour of restricting the meaning of covenants of this class.

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  • But the modern Land Acts have readjusted the relation between landlords and tenants, while the Land Purchase Acts have aimed at abolishing those relations by enabling the tenant to become the owner of his holding.

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  • The name was imported from Ireland, where it had been used to designate one of the Ribbon societies that devoted its energies to intimidating and maltreating process servers and the agents of landlords, and whose greatest activity was between 1835 and 1855.

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  • 40% is held in communal ownership by the peasants, 48% is owned by landlords possessing more than 270 acres each, and 31% by small owners.

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  • Falconry was long a pastime of the Moslem landlords.

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  • in practice, it was held by the Moslem begs or beys (nobles) and agas (landlords), who let it to the peasantry.

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  • His labours were as various as they were incessant - now guiding the councils of the league, now addressing crowded and enthusiastic meetings of his supporters in London or the large towns of England and Scotland, now invading the agricultural districts and challenging the landlords to meet him in the presence of their own farmers, to discuss the question in dispute, and now encountering the Chartists, led by Feargus O'Connor.

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  • The drberi szabalyzat (feudal prescription) of 1767 restored to the peasants the right of transmigration and, in some respects, protected them against the exactions of their landlords.

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  • Immediately before the elections, however, Deak succeeded in reuniting all the Liberals on the common platform of " The Ten Points ": (1) Responsible ministries, (2) Popular representation, (3) The incorporation of Transylvania, (4) Right of public meeting, (6) Absolute religious liberty, (7) Universal equality before the law, (8) Universal taxation, (9) The abolition of the Aviticum, an obsolete and anomalous land-tenure, (io) The abolition of serfdom, with compensation to the landlords.

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  • On the 8th of April Gladstone brought in his bill for establishing Home Rule, and eight days later the bill for buying out the Irish landlords.

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  • The Peasants' party combined with the Popular Socialist party, while the "Workers' Federation" and the "Yeomen's Union" (these being but the small landowners) formed part of the Christian Socialist governing bloc. Legally recognized parties which were not represented in the Seim were: (a) the Progressive party (Pajanga); (b) the Liberal party (known as the Santara Union); (c) " Landlords' Association" (which comprised only large landed proprietors).

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  • As they were dependent on the protection of the landlords, the Mahommedans were docile tenants, and their competition weighed heavily on the Christians.

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  • The mountainous slopes of Biscay arestudded with the traditional Basque caserio, or farmhouse, in which the peasantry live on the metayer system, dividing theprofits of the soil with absentee landlords.

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  • Serfdom was abolished in 1819, but the peasants remained under the jurisdiction of their landlords.

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  • Agriculture has reached a high degree of perfection on the estates of the landlords.

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  • The legislature passed several measures for the destruction of the leasehold system, and under the pressure of public opinion the great landlords rapidly sold their farms.'

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  • A special enactment protects tenants against arbitrary treatment at the hands of landlords in respect of notice to quit and raising of rents.

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  • Vast entailed estates were the property of a small group of landlords (in Bohemia 37.7%, in Moravia 34.4%, in Silesia 39.9% of all land belonged to owners representing 0.1% of the population), while great masses of the people did not own a single acre of their native land.

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  • The great majority of the landlords were nobles of foreign origin who acquired their 'estates at the hands of the Habsburg conqueror from 1621 onwards, when, after the battle of the White Mountain, the lands of the Czech nobles and yeomen were confiscated, the owners being executed or, as adherents of the Moravian Brotherhood and other Protestant churches, preferring to pass into exile rather than surrender their faith.

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  • The union of Lublin, which led to the polonization of Lithuania, was the immediate occasion of a considerable exodus to the lowlands of the Dnieper of those serfs who desired to escape from the taxes of the Polish government and the tyranny of the Polish landlords.

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  • The nobles who dominated the diet did nothing to remove the most crying evil of the country - the miserable state of the peasants, who had been freed from personal serfdom by Napoleon in 1807, but were being steadily driven from their holdings by the landlords.

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  • Rent arises as soon as the land of a country has all become private property; "the landlords, like all other men, love to reap where they never sowed, and demand a rent even for its natural produce."

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  • Rent, wages and profits, as they are the elements of price, are also the constituents of income; and the three great orders of every civilized society, from whose revenues that of every other order is ultimately derived, are the landlords, the labourers and the capital ists.

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  • economically and administratively on the landlords, or should be transformed into a class of independent communal proprietors.

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  • The two chief items of the ministerial parliamentary programme were the extension of the new Education Act to London and Mr Wyndham's Irish Land Purchase Act, by which the British exchequer should advance the capital for enabling the tenants in Ireland to buy out the landlords.

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  • The agricultural classes and the old landlords of the equestrian order (Cincinnatus, Curius Dentatus, Serranus and the Elder Cato) are to him the pillars of the state; and he bitterly laments the decline of agriculture in Italy (xviii.

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  • He was one of the best of the papal landlords.

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  • Compelled to accept the conditions imposed by the landlords, the peasants had to pay rack-rents and to give compulsory labour in various forms for the use of their land.

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  • Pursuing a policy intended to reconcile the peasantry to Russian rule and to break the power of the Polish nobility, the Russian government promulgated, during the outbreak in 1864, a law by which those peasants who were holders of land on estates belonging to private persons, institutions (such as monasteries and the like), or the Crown were recognized as proprietors of the soil-the state paying compensation to the landlords in bonds, and the peasants having to pay a yearly annuity to the state until the debt thus contracted had been cleared off.

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  • Where the land is held by small peasant proprietors, they display a certain activity; where there are large greund landlords, these usually control them absolutely.

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  • The victory was secured by a coalition between the agricultural interests and the manufacturers; the latter promised to vote for duties on corn if the landlords would suppoi~t the duties on iron.

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  • The almost absolute power formerly wielded by the landlords, who within their own territories were lords of regality, hindered independent agricultural enterprise, and it was not till after the abolition of hereditable jurisdictions in 1748 that agriculture made real progress.

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  • A large amount of capital was lost by tenants, and a few farms were thrown here and there upon the landlords' hands, but in no district was rent extinguished or were holdings abandoned.

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  • They were kept in repair by the tenants and cotters, and, when their labour was not sufficient, by the landlords, who were required to " stent " (assess) themselves, customs also being sometimes levied at bridges, ferries and causeways.

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  • He instantly arrested Murdoch, son of Albany, and Fleming of Cumbernauld, met parliament, dismissed it, retaining a committee (" the Lords of the Articles "), and took measures with landlords, who must display their charters; appointed an inquest into lay and clerical property; and imposed taxes to defray his ransom.

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  • The zamindars of that time were raised to the status of landlords, with rights of transfer and inheritance, subject always to the payment in perpetuity of a rent-charge.

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  • In the Central Provinces, where the landlords (Onalguzars) derive their title from the revenue settlements made under British rule, the rents are actually fixed by the settlement officer for varying periods.

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  • (2) That in areas where the State receives its land revenue from landlords, progressive moderation is the key-note of the policy of Government, and that the standard of 50% of the assets is one which is almost uniformly observed in practice, and is more often departed from on the side of deficiency than of excess.

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  • A second drawback from the point of view of the landlords was called forth by the fact that commutation for fixed rents gradually lessened the value of the exactions to which they were entitled.

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  • In the Benares division, which was the first portion to come under British administration, the land revenue was permanently fixed in 1795, on the same principles that had been previously adopted in Bengal; and there a special class of tenants, as well as the landlords, enjoy a privileged status.

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  • In Oudh, after the convulsion of the Mutiny, all rights in land were confiscated at a stroke, and the new system adopted was in the nature of a treaty between the state and the talukdars, or great landlords.

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  • The ownership of property being largely in the hands of absentee landlords, the peasantry have little interest in the land, the profits from which go to enrich other provinces.

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  • The next four decades were years of development disturbed, however, by friction between the assembly and the royal governors, and by bitter disputes, accompanied by much rioting, with the proprietors concerning land-titles (1744-1749) Independence of the absentee landlords was again claimed by virtue of the grants made by Nicolls nearly a century before.

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  • The peasants settled under the sway of nobles and churches could very seldom produce a clean bill in regard to their money relations with the landlords.

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  • With his fierce hatred of what he recognized as injustice, it was impossible that he should not feel exasperated at the gross misgovernment of Ireland for the supposed benefit of England, the systematic exclusion of Irishmen from places of honour and profit, the spoliation of the country by absentee landlords, the deliberate discouragement of Irish trade and manufactures.

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  • The state, for instance, could perhaps more usefully engage in some great works, such as establishing reservoirs of water for the use of town populations on a systematic plan, or making a tunnel under one of the channels between Ireland and Great Britain, or a sea-canal across Scotland between the Clyde and the Forth, or purchasing land from Irish landlords and transferring it to tenants, than allow money to fructify or not fructify, as the case may be, in the pockets of individuals.

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  • The social fabric was built up not on the towns, but on the great landlords; and when the centre of gravity began to move, first of all in Italy, to the towns, and crowded populations began to be massed together in them, the parochial systems broke down under the weight of the new conditions, and the people were in a state of spiritual and moral no less than physical destitution.

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  • The landless men formed combinations, disputed with the landlords, and asked and often got twice as much as the old rates, despite of the murmurings of the employer.

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  • But enough oldfashioned landlords remained to keep up the struggle with the peasants to the end of the 14th century and beyond, an.d the number of times that the Statute of Laborers was re-enacted and recast was enormous.

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  • The monasteries, with their vast possessions, had become corporations of landlords, instead of associations for prayer and good works.

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  • In the countryside the insurrection was accompanied by wholesale burnings of manor-rolls, the hunting down of unpopular bailiffs and landlords, and a special crusade against the commissioners of the poll-tax and the justices who had been enforcing the Statute of Laborers.

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  • In the toWns the new 10 household franchise secured a democratic constituency; in the counties the inclusion of tenants at will (of 50 annual rent), as well as of copyholders and leaseholders, only tended to increase the influence of the landlords.

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  • Irish landlords complained that their properties, ruined by the famine, and encumbered by the extravagances of their predecessors, could not bear the cost of this new poor law; and the ministry introduced and carried a measure enabling the embarrassed owners of life estates to sell their property and discharge their liabilities.

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  • The encumbered estates act, though it substituted a solvent for an insolvent proprietary, placed the Irish tenants at the mercy of landlords of whom they had no previous knowledge, who were frequently absentees, who bought the land as a matter of business, and who dealt with it on business principles by raising the rent.

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  • The new poor law, by throwing the maintenance of the poor on the soil, encouraged landlords to extricate themselves from their responsibilities by evicting their tenants.

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  • Parliament neglected to give effect to these recommendations; in a country where agriculture was the chief ot almost only occupation, the tenant remained at his landlords mercy.

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  • Outrages increased, obnoxious landlords and agents were boycotted the name of the first gentlelnan exposed to this treatment adding a new word to the language; and Forster, who had accepted the office of chief secretary, thought it necessary, in the presence of outrage and intimidation, to adopt stringent measures for enforcing order.

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  • The penal laws against the Catholics, the iniquitous restrictions on Irish trade and industry, the selfish factiousness 'of the parliament, the jobbery and corruption of administration, the absenteeism of the landlords, and all the other too familiar elements of that mischievous and fatal system, were then in full force.

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  • He may have anticipated with something of remorse the reflection of a modern historian, that the absenteeism of her landlords has been less of a curse to Ireland 'than the absenteeism of her men of genius.

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  • Proxies for absentee landlords are allowed.

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  • Another outstanding feature has been the effect of the Land Purchase Acts in transferring the ownership of the land from the landlords to the tenants.

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  • Under the act of 1881, down to the 31st of March 1906, the rents of 360,135 holdings, representing nearly 11,000,000 acres, had been fixed for the first statutory term of 15 years either by the land commissioners or by agreements between landlords and tenants, the aggregate reduction being over 20% as compared with the old rents.

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  • Under the Wyndham Act of 1903 the process was greatly extended., The following tables give summarized particulars, for the period from the 1st of November 1903 to the 31st of March 1906, of (1) estates for which purchase agreements were lodged in cases of sale direct from landlords to tenants; (2) estates for the purchase of which the Land Commission entered into agreements under sects.

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  • It will be seen further that the act operated almost entirely by means of direct sales by landlords to tenants.

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  • We can see now that if the remaining Roman Catholic landlords had been encouraged they would have done much to reconcile the masses to the settlement.

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  • Eight years later the Steelboys rose against the exactions of absentee landlords, who often turned out Protestant yeomen to get a higher rent from Roman Catholic cottiers.

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  • No wonder if Irish landlords were formerly tyrannical, for they were in the position of slave4:)wners.

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  • Speaking at Cincinnati on the 23rd of February 1880, he declared that the first thing necessary was to undermine English power by destroying the Irish landlords.

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  • The Irish landlords, however, showed no disposition to sell their country, and the Purchase Bill was quickly dropped, though Gladstone had declared the two measures to be inseparable.

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  • He reminded the landlords that the " sands were running in the hour-glass," but this threat had no effect.

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  • The 40th clause of the Land Act of 1896 greatly stimulated the creation of occupying owners in the case of over-incumbered estates, but solvent landlords were not in a hurry to sell.

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  • If the state, for purposes of its own, insisted upon expropriating all landlords, it was bound to find the difference, or to enter upon a course of undisguised confiscation.

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  • The landlords of Ireland, who had made so many sacrifices and worked so hard to return Lord Salisbury to power, felt that [From Anglo-Norman Invasion] the measure was hardly what they had a right to expect from a Unionist administration.

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  • In their opinion it unsettled the agricultural mind, and encouraged judicial tenants to go to law at the expiration of the first fifteen years' term instead of bargaining amicably with their landlords.

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  • The Irish gentry, long excluded, as landlords and Unionists, from political life, now felt to a great extent that they had no field for activity in local affairs.

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  • In agriculture, and especially in cattle-breeding, improvement was formerly due mainly to the landlords, who had now been deprived by law of much of their power.

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  • About the same time a conference took place in Dublin between certain landlords and some members of the Nationalist party, of whom Mr W.

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  • In return they have to give half the produce to the landlords.

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  • On thousands of estates the royal government gradually allowed the law of the land to be superseded by locaL law, and public taxation to change into special contributions; so that the duties of the lower classes towards the state were transferred to the great landlords, who thus became loyal adherents of the king but absolute masters on their own territory.

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  • The landlords were compelled to replace them by free tenants.

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  • The landlords who found the Moriscoes useful tenants, and the commercial authorities of towns like Barcelona, who knew the value of the converted Jews, endeavoured to moderate the zeal of the inquisitors.

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  • The society comprised nobles, officers of the army, small landlords, government officials, peasants and even priests.

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  • annuityther possibility was to buy off the Anglo-Irish landlords at public expense by means of a Treasury advance repayable by terminable annuities.

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  • The project also organizes energy efficiency installations on behalf of other organizations and can arrange installations on behalf of landlords and property managers.

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  • Landlords could also refuse to let their tenants have land on which to build nonconformist chapels and meeting houses.

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  • Landlords failed to enforce repair clauses, causing a general dilapidation.

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  • Landlords can deduct money from your deposit for professional cleaning if you have left the property dirty or untidy.

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  • disreputable landlords from the market.

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  • Some landlords resorted to forced emigration of their tenants in an effort to'solve ' the problem in Ireland.

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  • expropriate the landlords and the workers took possession of the factories without taking cognizance of Marxian dicta.

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  • greedy landlords.

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  • hacienda tenants who didn't join the Insurgent army refused to pay their rents once the landlords lost their coercive power.

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  • houseboat owners battle not only with the elements but with landlords and the authorities to win security of tenure at their moorings.

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  • Payphone operators usually negotiate rents with private landlords based on a percentage of gross receipts and install the kiosks at their own expense.

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  • Schemes that accredit landlords usually require them to submit all of their properties within the boundaries of the scheme for approval.

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  • Eviction Information about the Council's powers to prosecute landlords who illegally harass or evict their tenants.

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  • The Student Accommodation Service has a scheme for registering private landlords who offer accommodation to students.

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  • Mason Brooks, lettings manager at Hurford Salvi Carr in Limehouse Basin, advises landlords to concentrate on blank spaces.

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  • For too long students have had their deposit's withheld by unscrupulous landlords, often on dubious grounds.

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  • Just under two thirds of the homes in the area are social housing with a variety of social landlords owning property.

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  • Meaning of " the landlord " in Part I and provisions as to mesne landlords.

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  • Nearly six out of ten investor landlords said that they expect to acquire further property in the coming year.

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  • mesne landlords.

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  • middlemantem aims to eliminate unscrupulous middlemen who were the main conduits for rural exploitation by big landlords.

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  • Landlords like Platt are quick to admit that they have not adopted the full panoply usually associated with serviced offices.

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  • pricey place to live considering the rents landlords are charging.

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  • private landlords letting without an agent will also be required to join the scheme.

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  • privy landlords were bound to repair, pave, and cleanse the privies.

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  • General and supplementary provisions Duty of tenants and landlords of business premises to give information to each other.

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  • These landlords could find themselves targeted just to fulfill quotas.

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  • rack-renting landlords.

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  • sell-off of council housing to profit-hungry RSLs and greedy private landlords.

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  • slum landlords.

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  • Pictures are VERY useful in court and most landlords will be helpless if you can prove you left the property spotless.

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  • Steve runs his own business from the estate and also sublets large areas of the estate from the landlords, The Lewis Group.

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  • As for sympathy for the landlords, i've never heard such twaddle in all my life.

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  • The problems with these units is that their very ubiquity forces landlords to compete with each other for tenants driving down rents and yields.

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  • unfeeling landlords must be out there.

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  • unscrupulous middlemen who were the main conduits for rural exploitation by big landlords.

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  • The results indicate that landlords have become more willing to align lease terms with business needs.

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  • The lessee, or farmer, tills the soil at his own risk; usually he provides live stock, implements and capital, and has no right to compensation for ordinary improvements, nor for extraordinary improvements effected without the landlords consent.

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  • In Latium leasehold and farming by landlords prevail, but cases of, nezzadria and of improvement farms exist.

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  • Large landlords are usually represented by ministri, or factors, who direct agricultural operations and manage the estates, but the estate is often let to a middleman, or mercante di campagna.

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  • The strikes and other economic agitations at this time may be divided roughly into three groups: strikes in industrial centres for higher wages, shorter hours and better labor conditions generally; strikes of agricultural laborers in northern Italy for better contracts with the landlords; disturbances among the south Italian peasantry due to low wages, unemployment (particularly in Apulia), and the claims of the laborers to public land occupied illegally by the landlords, combined with local feuds and the struggle for power of the various influential families.

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  • The landlords on their part organized an agrarian union to defend their interests and enrolled numbers of non-union laborers to carry on the necessary work and save the crops.

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  • No measures had been taken to supply these voluntary crusaders with food or clothing; as harvest-time approached, the landlords commanded them to return to reap the fields, and on their refusing to do so, proceeded to maltreat their wives and families and set their armed retainers upon the half-starved multitudes.

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  • Instantly the movement was diverted from its original object, and the peasants and their leaders began a war of extermination against the landlords.

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  • But by laws promulgated in 1888 and 1889 the rights of police and manorial justice were transferred from the landlords to officials of the central government.

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  • The relations of the Esths and Letts with their landlords are anything but friendly.

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  • This act liberated the serfs from a yoke which was really terrible, even under the best landlords, and from this point of view it was obviously an immense benefit.2 But it was far from securing corresponding economic results.

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  • Land must thus of necessity be rented from the landlords at fabulous prices.

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  • Finally, in the Baltic provinces nearly all the land belongs to the German landlords, who either farm the land themselves, with hired labourers, or let it in small farms. Only one-fourth of the peasants are farmers, the remainder being mere labourers, who are emigrating in great numbers.

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  • The forests have been sold, and only those landlords are prospering who exact rack-rents for the land without which the peasants could not live upon their allotments.

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  • The address in reply to the speech from the throne, voted after a debate in which abstract theories had triumphed over common sense, demanded universal suffrage, the establishment of pure parliamentary government, the abolition of capital punishment, the expropriation of the landlords, a political amnesty, and the suppression of the Imperial Council.

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  • The abolition of the field courts martial was demanded; on the 13th of April a bill for the expropriation of landlords was carried by a twothirds majority,' and the 30th the Army Bill would have been lost but for the Polish vote.

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  • With this and perhaps some other exceptions, there are not in the Mahratta country many large landlords, nor many of the superior tenure-holders whose position relatively to that of the peasantry has caused much discussion ii: other parts of India.

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  • They are sometimes in the position of landlords, but often they are the assignees of the land revenue, which they are entitled under special grants to collect for themselves instead of for government, paying merely a small sum to Government by way of quit-rent.

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  • The statute of 1685, conferring on landlords a power to entail their estates, was indeed of a very different tendency in regard to its effects on agriculture.

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  • An Act passed in 1770, which relaxed the rigour of strict entails and afforded power to landlords to grant leases and otherwise improve their estates, had a beneficial effect on Scottish agriculture.

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  • The unlimited issues of government paper and the security afforded by these leases induced the Scottish banks to afford every facility to landlords and tenants to embark capital in the improvement of the land.

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  • The stronger current of modern authority is in favour of the landlords and not in favour of restricting the meaning of covenants of this class.

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  • But the modern Land Acts have readjusted the relation between landlords and tenants, while the Land Purchase Acts have aimed at abolishing those relations by enabling the tenant to become the owner of his holding.

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  • Absentee landlords, he thinks, rack-rented the soil (p. 167), while the "inhuman severity" of their treatment of villeins led to a progressive decay of agriculture, destroyed the economic basis of the Latin kingdom, and led the natives to welcome the invasion of Saladin (pp. 327-331) The French writers Rey and Dodu are more kind to the Franks; and the testimony of contemporary Arabic writers, who seem favourably impressed by the treatment of their subjects by the Franks, bears out their view, while the tone of the assizes is admittedly favourable to the Syrians.

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  • The name was imported from Ireland, where it had been used to designate one of the Ribbon societies that devoted its energies to intimidating and maltreating process servers and the agents of landlords, and whose greatest activity was between 1835 and 1855.

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  • 40% is held in communal ownership by the peasants, 48% is owned by landlords possessing more than 270 acres each, and 31% by small owners.

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  • Falconry was long a pastime of the Moslem landlords.

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  • in practice, it was held by the Moslem begs or beys (nobles) and agas (landlords), who let it to the peasantry.

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  • His labours were as various as they were incessant - now guiding the councils of the league, now addressing crowded and enthusiastic meetings of his supporters in London or the large towns of England and Scotland, now invading the agricultural districts and challenging the landlords to meet him in the presence of their own farmers, to discuss the question in dispute, and now encountering the Chartists, led by Feargus O'Connor.

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  • The drberi szabalyzat (feudal prescription) of 1767 restored to the peasants the right of transmigration and, in some respects, protected them against the exactions of their landlords.

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  • Immediately before the elections, however, Deak succeeded in reuniting all the Liberals on the common platform of " The Ten Points ": (1) Responsible ministries, (2) Popular representation, (3) The incorporation of Transylvania, (4) Right of public meeting, (6) Absolute religious liberty, (7) Universal equality before the law, (8) Universal taxation, (9) The abolition of the Aviticum, an obsolete and anomalous land-tenure, (io) The abolition of serfdom, with compensation to the landlords.

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  • A bill to provide compensation for tenants who had been evicted by Irish landlords passed the Commons, but was shipwrecked in the Lords, and a ghastly record of outrage and murder stained the following winter.

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  • On the 8th of April Gladstone brought in his bill for establishing Home Rule, and eight days later the bill for buying out the Irish landlords.

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  • The Peasants' party combined with the Popular Socialist party, while the "Workers' Federation" and the "Yeomen's Union" (these being but the small landowners) formed part of the Christian Socialist governing bloc. Legally recognized parties which were not represented in the Seim were: (a) the Progressive party (Pajanga); (b) the Liberal party (known as the Santara Union); (c) " Landlords' Association" (which comprised only large landed proprietors).

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  • As they were dependent on the protection of the landlords, the Mahommedans were docile tenants, and their competition weighed heavily on the Christians.

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  • The mountainous slopes of Biscay arestudded with the traditional Basque caserio, or farmhouse, in which the peasantry live on the metayer system, dividing theprofits of the soil with absentee landlords.

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  • Serfdom was abolished in 1819, but the peasants remained under the jurisdiction of their landlords.

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  • Agriculture has reached a high degree of perfection on the estates of the landlords.

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  • The legislature passed several measures for the destruction of the leasehold system, and under the pressure of public opinion the great landlords rapidly sold their farms.'

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  • A special enactment protects tenants against arbitrary treatment at the hands of landlords in respect of notice to quit and raising of rents.

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  • Vast entailed estates were the property of a small group of landlords (in Bohemia 37.7%, in Moravia 34.4%, in Silesia 39.9% of all land belonged to owners representing 0.1% of the population), while great masses of the people did not own a single acre of their native land.

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  • The great majority of the landlords were nobles of foreign origin who acquired their 'estates at the hands of the Habsburg conqueror from 1621 onwards, when, after the battle of the White Mountain, the lands of the Czech nobles and yeomen were confiscated, the owners being executed or, as adherents of the Moravian Brotherhood and other Protestant churches, preferring to pass into exile rather than surrender their faith.

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  • The union of Lublin, which led to the polonization of Lithuania, was the immediate occasion of a considerable exodus to the lowlands of the Dnieper of those serfs who desired to escape from the taxes of the Polish government and the tyranny of the Polish landlords.

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  • The nobles who dominated the diet did nothing to remove the most crying evil of the country - the miserable state of the peasants, who had been freed from personal serfdom by Napoleon in 1807, but were being steadily driven from their holdings by the landlords.

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  • Rent arises as soon as the land of a country has all become private property; "the landlords, like all other men, love to reap where they never sowed, and demand a rent even for its natural produce."

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  • Rent, wages and profits, as they are the elements of price, are also the constituents of income; and the three great orders of every civilized society, from whose revenues that of every other order is ultimately derived, are the landlords, the labourers and the capital ists.

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  • economically and administratively on the landlords, or should be transformed into a class of independent communal proprietors.

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  • The two chief items of the ministerial parliamentary programme were the extension of the new Education Act to London and Mr Wyndham's Irish Land Purchase Act, by which the British exchequer should advance the capital for enabling the tenants in Ireland to buy out the landlords.

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  • The agricultural classes and the old landlords of the equestrian order (Cincinnatus, Curius Dentatus, Serranus and the Elder Cato) are to him the pillars of the state; and he bitterly laments the decline of agriculture in Italy (xviii.

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  • He was one of the best of the papal landlords.

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  • Compelled to accept the conditions imposed by the landlords, the peasants had to pay rack-rents and to give compulsory labour in various forms for the use of their land.

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  • Pursuing a policy intended to reconcile the peasantry to Russian rule and to break the power of the Polish nobility, the Russian government promulgated, during the outbreak in 1864, a law by which those peasants who were holders of land on estates belonging to private persons, institutions (such as monasteries and the like), or the Crown were recognized as proprietors of the soil-the state paying compensation to the landlords in bonds, and the peasants having to pay a yearly annuity to the state until the debt thus contracted had been cleared off.

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  • Where the land is held by small peasant proprietors, they display a certain activity; where there are large greund landlords, these usually control them absolutely.

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  • The victory was secured by a coalition between the agricultural interests and the manufacturers; the latter promised to vote for duties on corn if the landlords would suppoi~t the duties on iron.

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  • It is under Christopher that we first hear, for instance, of the Vornedskab, or patriarchal control of the landlords over their tenants, a system which degenerated into rank slavery.

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  • The almost absolute power formerly wielded by the landlords, who within their own territories were lords of regality, hindered independent agricultural enterprise, and it was not till after the abolition of hereditable jurisdictions in 1748 that agriculture made real progress.

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  • A large amount of capital was lost by tenants, and a few farms were thrown here and there upon the landlords' hands, but in no district was rent extinguished or were holdings abandoned.

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  • They were kept in repair by the tenants and cotters, and, when their labour was not sufficient, by the landlords, who were required to " stent " (assess) themselves, customs also being sometimes levied at bridges, ferries and causeways.

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  • He instantly arrested Murdoch, son of Albany, and Fleming of Cumbernauld, met parliament, dismissed it, retaining a committee (" the Lords of the Articles "), and took measures with landlords, who must display their charters; appointed an inquest into lay and clerical property; and imposed taxes to defray his ransom.

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  • The zamindars of that time were raised to the status of landlords, with rights of transfer and inheritance, subject always to the payment in perpetuity of a rent-charge.

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  • In the Central Provinces, where the landlords (Onalguzars) derive their title from the revenue settlements made under British rule, the rents are actually fixed by the settlement officer for varying periods.

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  • (2) That in areas where the State receives its land revenue from landlords, progressive moderation is the key-note of the policy of Government, and that the standard of 50% of the assets is one which is almost uniformly observed in practice, and is more often departed from on the side of deficiency than of excess.

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  • A second drawback from the point of view of the landlords was called forth by the fact that commutation for fixed rents gradually lessened the value of the exactions to which they were entitled.

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  • In the Benares division, which was the first portion to come under British administration, the land revenue was permanently fixed in 1795, on the same principles that had been previously adopted in Bengal; and there a special class of tenants, as well as the landlords, enjoy a privileged status.

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  • In Oudh, after the convulsion of the Mutiny, all rights in land were confiscated at a stroke, and the new system adopted was in the nature of a treaty between the state and the talukdars, or great landlords.

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  • The ownership of property being largely in the hands of absentee landlords, the peasantry have little interest in the land, the profits from which go to enrich other provinces.

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  • The next four decades were years of development disturbed, however, by friction between the assembly and the royal governors, and by bitter disputes, accompanied by much rioting, with the proprietors concerning land-titles (1744-1749) Independence of the absentee landlords was again claimed by virtue of the grants made by Nicolls nearly a century before.

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  • The peasants settled under the sway of nobles and churches could very seldom produce a clean bill in regard to their money relations with the landlords.

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  • With his fierce hatred of what he recognized as injustice, it was impossible that he should not feel exasperated at the gross misgovernment of Ireland for the supposed benefit of England, the systematic exclusion of Irishmen from places of honour and profit, the spoliation of the country by absentee landlords, the deliberate discouragement of Irish trade and manufactures.

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  • The state, for instance, could perhaps more usefully engage in some great works, such as establishing reservoirs of water for the use of town populations on a systematic plan, or making a tunnel under one of the channels between Ireland and Great Britain, or a sea-canal across Scotland between the Clyde and the Forth, or purchasing land from Irish landlords and transferring it to tenants, than allow money to fructify or not fructify, as the case may be, in the pockets of individuals.

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  • The social fabric was built up not on the towns, but on the great landlords; and when the centre of gravity began to move, first of all in Italy, to the towns, and crowded populations began to be massed together in them, the parochial systems broke down under the weight of the new conditions, and the people were in a state of spiritual and moral no less than physical destitution.

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  • The landless men formed combinations, disputed with the landlords, and asked and often got twice as much as the old rates, despite of the murmurings of the employer.

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  • But enough oldfashioned landlords remained to keep up the struggle with the peasants to the end of the 14th century and beyond, an.d the number of times that the Statute of Laborers was re-enacted and recast was enormous.

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  • The monasteries, with their vast possessions, had become corporations of landlords, instead of associations for prayer and good works.

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  • In the countryside the insurrection was accompanied by wholesale burnings of manor-rolls, the hunting down of unpopular bailiffs and landlords, and a special crusade against the commissioners of the poll-tax and the justices who had been enforcing the Statute of Laborers.

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  • In the toWns the new 10 household franchise secured a democratic constituency; in the counties the inclusion of tenants at will (of 50 annual rent), as well as of copyholders and leaseholders, only tended to increase the influence of the landlords.

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  • Irish landlords complained that their properties, ruined by the famine, and encumbered by the extravagances of their predecessors, could not bear the cost of this new poor law; and the ministry introduced and carried a measure enabling the embarrassed owners of life estates to sell their property and discharge their liabilities.

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  • The encumbered estates act, though it substituted a solvent for an insolvent proprietary, placed the Irish tenants at the mercy of landlords of whom they had no previous knowledge, who were frequently absentees, who bought the land as a matter of business, and who dealt with it on business principles by raising the rent.

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  • The new poor law, by throwing the maintenance of the poor on the soil, encouraged landlords to extricate themselves from their responsibilities by evicting their tenants.

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  • Parliament neglected to give effect to these recommendations; in a country where agriculture was the chief ot almost only occupation, the tenant remained at his landlords mercy.

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  • Outrages increased, obnoxious landlords and agents were boycotted the name of the first gentlelnan exposed to this treatment adding a new word to the language; and Forster, who had accepted the office of chief secretary, thought it necessary, in the presence of outrage and intimidation, to adopt stringent measures for enforcing order.

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  • The penal laws against the Catholics, the iniquitous restrictions on Irish trade and industry, the selfish factiousness 'of the parliament, the jobbery and corruption of administration, the absenteeism of the landlords, and all the other too familiar elements of that mischievous and fatal system, were then in full force.

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  • He may have anticipated with something of remorse the reflection of a modern historian, that the absenteeism of her landlords has been less of a curse to Ireland 'than the absenteeism of her men of genius.

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  • To fulfil the engagements accepted in Berlin and the conditions under which independence had been granted to Servia, railways had to be constructed within a certain time, and the government had also to pay to the Turkish landlords in the newly acquired districts an equitable indemnity for their estates, which were divided among the peasants.

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  • Proxies for absentee landlords are allowed.

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  • Another outstanding feature has been the effect of the Land Purchase Acts in transferring the ownership of the land from the landlords to the tenants.

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  • Under the act of 1881, down to the 31st of March 1906, the rents of 360,135 holdings, representing nearly 11,000,000 acres, had been fixed for the first statutory term of 15 years either by the land commissioners or by agreements between landlords and tenants, the aggregate reduction being over 20% as compared with the old rents.

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  • Under the Wyndham Act of 1903 the process was greatly extended., The following tables give summarized particulars, for the period from the 1st of November 1903 to the 31st of March 1906, of (1) estates for which purchase agreements were lodged in cases of sale direct from landlords to tenants; (2) estates for the purchase of which the Land Commission entered into agreements under sects.

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  • It will be seen further that the act operated almost entirely by means of direct sales by landlords to tenants.

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  • We can see now that if the remaining Roman Catholic landlords had been encouraged they would have done much to reconcile the masses to the settlement.

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  • Eight years later the Steelboys rose against the exactions of absentee landlords, who often turned out Protestant yeomen to get a higher rent from Roman Catholic cottiers.

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  • No wonder if Irish landlords were formerly tyrannical, for they were in the position of slave4:)wners.

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  • Speaking at Cincinnati on the 23rd of February 1880, he declared that the first thing necessary was to undermine English power by destroying the Irish landlords.

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  • The Irish landlords, however, showed no disposition to sell their country, and the Purchase Bill was quickly dropped, though Gladstone had declared the two measures to be inseparable.

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  • He reminded the landlords that the " sands were running in the hour-glass," but this threat had no effect.

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  • The 40th clause of the Land Act of 1896 greatly stimulated the creation of occupying owners in the case of over-incumbered estates, but solvent landlords were not in a hurry to sell.

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  • If the state, for purposes of its own, insisted upon expropriating all landlords, it was bound to find the difference, or to enter upon a course of undisguised confiscation.

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  • The landlords of Ireland, who had made so many sacrifices and worked so hard to return Lord Salisbury to power, felt that [From Anglo-Norman Invasion] the measure was hardly what they had a right to expect from a Unionist administration.

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  • In their opinion it unsettled the agricultural mind, and encouraged judicial tenants to go to law at the expiration of the first fifteen years' term instead of bargaining amicably with their landlords.

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  • The Irish gentry, long excluded, as landlords and Unionists, from political life, now felt to a great extent that they had no field for activity in local affairs.

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  • In agriculture, and especially in cattle-breeding, improvement was formerly due mainly to the landlords, who had now been deprived by law of much of their power.

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  • About the same time a conference took place in Dublin between certain landlords and some members of the Nationalist party, of whom Mr W.

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  • In return they have to give half the produce to the landlords.

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  • On thousands of estates the royal government gradually allowed the law of the land to be superseded by locaL law, and public taxation to change into special contributions; so that the duties of the lower classes towards the state were transferred to the great landlords, who thus became loyal adherents of the king but absolute masters on their own territory.

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  • The landlords were compelled to replace them by free tenants.

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  • The landlords who found the Moriscoes useful tenants, and the commercial authorities of towns like Barcelona, who knew the value of the converted Jews, endeavoured to moderate the zeal of the inquisitors.

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  • The society comprised nobles, officers of the army, small landlords, government officials, peasants and even priests.

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  • These landlords could find themselves targeted just to fulfill quotas.

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  • These were in decaying and over-crowded tenements without running water or adequate sanitation, buildings actually collapsing because of neglect from rack-renting landlords.

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  • The ISR actively campaigns against the sell-off of council housing to profit-hungry RSLs and greedy private landlords.

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  • A lot of landlords are deluded about the price they can rent shit holes for.

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  • His plays were intended to awaken people to the need for social reform; the first, Widowers ' Houses, attacked slum landlords.

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  • Pictures are VERY useful in court and most landlords will be helpless if you can prove you left the property spotless.

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  • Steve runs his own business from the estate and also sublets large areas of the estate from the landlords, The Lewis Group.

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  • As for sympathy for the landlords, i 've never heard such twaddle in all my life.

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  • The problems with these units is that their very ubiquity forces landlords to compete with each other for tenants driving down rents and yields.

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  • God knows how many more unfeeling landlords must be out there.

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  • The results indicate that landlords have become more willing to align lease terms with business needs.

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  • But this financial pressure sometimes makes landlords embellish the truth and be somewhat evasive.

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  • Insurers, landlords, and even potential employers may use your FICO score to determine what rate you will be offered, or even if you are offered anything at all.

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  • If you have a few credit dings and are in the market for a new mortgage, car, or simply don't want to risk turning off potential employers or landlords, chances are you've considered taking the bait.

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  • Some prospective employers or landlords also use the credit score as a way to determine whether you might be a trustworthy employee or tenant.

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  • A number of different individuals use the information from your credit report, including lenders, utility companies, landlords and insurance agencies.

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  • Potential employers and landlords who pull your personal credit information will also see the fraud alert.

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  • The work with business owners, retailers, landlords, real estate agents and health care providers to create functional spaces perfect for today's business world.

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  • Some landlords will allow you to paint as long as you agree to return the walls to their original color upon moving out.

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  • Removable wall stickers are perfect for certain living situations, like dorm rooms or apartment rentals, because they don't cause any damage that landlords would frown upon.

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  • Most of these are from people trying to sell you more credit, but you might also have your credit checked by potential employers, lenders or landlords.

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  • Not all landlords and condo associations allow pets, so it's definitely something to check on.

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  • There are specific things that homeowners and landlords can do to keep this space free from hazards.

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  • Renters may be approached by their landlords who want to create a rent to own agreement, or the agreement may be created before the renters move in.

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  • Landlords must fully explain rent to own terms to the renter before anyone signs a contract.

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  • Renters must also have notified their landlords prior to adopting a pet.

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  • Also, sometimes lazy or unscrupulous landlords do not hold up their end of the maintenance.

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  • Commercial landlords are currently frustrated by the older bankruptcy law that allows a bankrupt commercial tenant 60 days from the date of their bankruptcy filing to decide whether or not to keep their lease.

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  • Only landlords can grant additional extensions which gives them more control of their properties allowing for quicker turnaround of underused properties.

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  • Neighbors, longtime friends, doctors and landlords are a few popular contacts used.

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  • You may even be required to submit a business proposal to potential landlords if you are planning to rent commercial real estate to set up shop.

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  • Landlords are sometimes in a precarious position; they want to earn money by collecting rental income, but in order to do that they must trust someone else to live in their homes without causing damage or neglecting needed repairs.

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  • Other considerations landlords must take into account include natural disasters and lawsuits occurring as a result of an accident on the property.

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  • There is a vast variety of other insurance exclusions for both renters and landlords, but not every insurer in Ireland has the same exclusions.

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  • Get referrals from your landlord association or fellow landlords.

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  • This can be very useful because not all landlords cover adequate liability insurance to protect tenants from the costs associated with lawsuits as the result of medical expenses and other damages to injured visitors.

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  • Although renters should obtain their own policy for personal property, landlords should have adequate coverage to cover the cost of replacing the home in the event of a total loss.

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  • The idea behind Nationwide Home Warranty's coverage is to protect homeowners and landlords from the cost of repairing or replacing items in the home or rented property.

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  • Nationwide Home Warranty has several different plans for homeowners and landlords.

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  • Landlords are not responsible for the contents of an individual's apartment.

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  • While landlords typically have homeowners insurance to insure the actual dwelling, renters are generally not covered by the landlord's insurance policy for any damage done to personal belongings.

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  • In fact, most landlords include wording within the rental contracts that states the landlord is not liable to pay for any repair or replacement of any the renters' personal belongings in the event of an otherwise insured event.

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  • This is one portion of insurance that most people assume landlords are liable for but, more often than not, it is the tenant who is liable and will experience the financial burden.

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  • However, the renters insurance product offered by Assurant includes a number of additional benefits that could also protect landlords from liability and protect them from financial loss.

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  • This protects landlords from being sued for the difference.

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