# How to use *Kinetic* in a sentence

Energy of motion is usually called "

**kinetic**energy."Available

**kinetic**energy is possessed by a system of two or more bodies in virtue of the relative motion of its parts.The

**kinetic**energy of the molecules of these gases must contain two terms in addition to those representing translational energy.For a rigid body the

**kinetic**energy will, in general, consist of three terms (AW1 2 +BW2 2 +CW3 2) in addition to the translational energy.A simple example of the transformation of

**kinetic**energy into potential energy, and vice versa, is afforded by the pendulum.AdvertisementExpenditure of Energy by Plants.The energy of the plant is, af we have seen, derived originally from the

**kinetic**radiant energy 01 the sun.The hypothesis that the state was steady, so that interchanges arising from convection and collisions of the molecules produced no aggregate result, enabled him to interpret the new constants involved in this law of distribution, in terms of the temperature and its spacial differential coefficients, and thence to express the components of the

**kinetic**stress at each point in the medium in terms of these quantities.The agreement of the values obtained for the same quantity by different methods provides valuable confirmation of the truth of the molecular theory and of the validity of the methods of the

**kinetic**theory of gases.The loss of energy could not be greater than this on the simple

**kinetic**theory, unless there were some evolution of latent heat of co-aggregation, due to the work done by the mutual attractions of the co-aggregating molecules.Blades attached to wind turbines collect the

**kinetic**energy of wind, causing the blades to turn.AdvertisementSeiko's Arctura line is the hotspot for the company's new

**kinetic**technology.The high

**kinetic**energies are needed to overcome the repulsion of the two positive nuclei.The increased

**kinetic**motion of some receiving molecules should become vigorous enough to dislodge electrons.Thus even ir these constructive processes there occurs a constant pas,age of energy backwards and forwards from the

**kinetic**to the potential condition and vice versa.Between 1886 and 1892 he published a series of papers on the foundations of the

**kinetic**theory of gases, the fourth of which contained what was, according to Lord Kelvin, the first proof ever given of the Waterstdn-Maxwell theorem of the average equal partition of energy in a mixture of two different gases; and about the same time he carried out investigations into impact and its duration.AdvertisementBy considerations based on the

**kinetic**theory of gases (see Molecule) it may be shown that when no energy is utilized in separating the atoms of a molecule, this ratio is 5/3= 1.67.With liquid of density p, this gives rise to a

**kinetic**reaction to acceleration dU/dt, given by 7rp b 2 a 2 b l b d J = a 2 +b2 M' dU, if M' denotes the mass of liquid displaced by unit length of the cylinder r =b.The assumption usually made is that the total

**kinetic**energy of the molecules, including possible energy of rotation or vibration if the molecules consist of more than one atom, is proportional to the energy of translation in the case of an ideal gas.If this could be co-ordinated and utilized without dissipation, the gas might conceivably be restored to its initial state; but in practice violent local differences of pressure and temperature are produced, the

**kinetic**energy is rapidly converted into heat by viscous eddy friction, and residual differences of temperature are equalized by diffusion throughout the mass.As the section of the tube varies, the change of

**kinetic**energy of flow, dU, is represented by The flow in this case is reversible, and the state of the fluid is the same at points where the section of the tube is the same.AdvertisementIt is known, however, that when two bodies impinge, the

**kinetic**energy which appears to be lost from the mass-motion of the bodies is in reality transformed into heat-energy.In this expression the first line may be supposed to represent the energy (or part of the energy) of s similar molecules of a kind which we shall call the first kind, the terms 2 (mu 2 +mv 2 +mw 2) being the

**kinetic**energy of translation, and the remaining terms arising from energy of rotation or of internal motion, or from the energy,**kinetic**and potential, of small vibrations.For instance, if the system is composed of a gas and a solid boundary, some of the terms in expression (2) may be supposed to represent the

**kinetic**energy of the molecules of the boundary, so that equations (7) show that in the normal state the gas has the same temperature as the boundary.It will at once be apparent that the

**kinetic**theory of matter enables us to place the second law of thermodynamics upon a purely dynamical basis.Thus the " Brownian movements " provide visual demonstration of the reality of the heat-motion postulated by the

**kinetic**theory.AdvertisementBut v/V =u/U from equation (2) and w =Eu/U from equation (3) Then 2wv/V = ZEu 2 /U 2 = 2 pu t from equation (6) Then in the whole wave the potential energy equals the

**kinetic**energy and the total energy in a complete wave in a column 1 sq.Aluminum bats are more popular these days because of the fact that aluminum is more elastic than wood-this means that when the ball hits the bat, it retains more of its

**kinetic**energy (i.e. it will go farther outward into the field).Wind power involves harnessing the

**kinetic**energy in wind and converting it to electricity via a wind turbine.The turning blades connect to a main drive shaft that spins a generator, converting the

**kinetic**energy to electrical energy.Photovoltaic cells draw in heat from the sun, as a form of

**kinetic**energy.Within each of these six renewable energy sources, scientists have discovered different methods to extract energy from

**kinetic**motion, heat, sunlight and plant life.**Kinetic**Fountains is based in Asheville, North Carolina which is known for its stunning natural vistas.This is probably due to the fact that the younger athlete has a lower ratio of

**kinetic**energy to body mass, which means the more immature the physical body, the lower the speed and power.It can be as simple as natural beauty or just natural

**kinetic**energy; a particular mood or feeling can have a lot of influence on a design.Gemini children have a wiry,

**kinetic**nature that keeps them moving constantly.**Kinetic**technology, which required no battery change and is powered by the movement of a person's body, was introduced in 1992.These watches for men are bold and revolutionary, and they feature the most advanced

**Kinetic**power.These include Kenetic Perpetual,

**Kinetic**Auto Relay, and**Kinetic**Chronograph.Seiko also employs

**kinetic**technology in which a tiny electric generator in the watch is powered by wrist movement, eliminating the need for any sort of conventional battery.The newest and most impressive addition to the Premier line is the

**Kinetic**Perpetual, which makes use of Seiko's new**kinetic**power method.The

**Kinetic**Perpetual boasts a calendar, which is guaranteed accurate until the year 2100, hence the name "Perpetual."The Arctura line showcases the heart of the

**kinetic**movement, offering three unique models.The

**Kinetic**, the**Kinetic**Chronograph, and the**Kinetic**Auto Relay all offer sleek, conventional designs with the lasting satisfaction that your timepiece will keep time for years to come.The

**Kinetic**Chronograph, like the name implies, offers choreographing technology, which will chronograph to 1/5 of a second for up to 45 minutes.A lot of Seiko's new watches utilize "

**kinetic**" technology, meaning that the watch contains a tiny electric motor that is powered by the wearer's natural wrist movements.The

**Kinetic**Perpetual, the star of the Premier line-up, features the**kinetic**technology that I covered earlier in this article.With three distinct models, the Arctura line showcases what

**kinetic**is really capable of.The

**Kinetic**technology also features a "shut-down" feature.Seiko went on to acquire and launch additional brands, like Pulsar, and to introduce innovative products like the first TV watch and

**kinetic**watches that don't require batteries.The Sportura line features rugged, stainless steel men's sports watches made with

**kinetic**and alarm chronograph technologies as well as analog-digital styles.Coutura watches boast

**kinetic**technology, which will never need a battery change, as well as chronograph watches.These attractive timepieces are available with convenient

**kinetic**technology and chronograph styles as well.Built to function forever and made to last with

**kinetic**energy powered by your body's natural movements.They are referring to the

**kinetic**chain, which is the sequence of a given athletic movement.Defensive upgrades include a few hundred

**kinetic**energy turrets and a few prized nukes.We shall show that if we sum these up for a whole wave the potential energy is equal to the

**kinetic**energy.The

**kinetic**energy per cubic centimetre is 2 pu t, where is the density and u is the velocity of disturbance due to the passage of the wave.If r is of the order of A, n is of the order of y; and the

**kinetic**energy of the radial motion is of the same order as that of the longitudinal motion.During the quarter swing ending with greatest nodal pressure, the

**kinetic**energy is changed to potential energy manifested in the increase of pressure.This becomes again

**kinetic**in the second quarter swing, then in the third quarter it is changed to potential energy again, but now manifested in the decrease of pressure.In the last quarter it is again turned to the

**kinetic**form.There will be more

**kinetic**energy formed in the return journey and the vibration tends to grow.But if the heat is given at the instant of greatest rarefaction, the increase of pressure lessens the difference from the undisturbed pressure, and lessens the potential energy, so that during the return less

**kinetic**energy is formed and the vibration tends to die away.Let E be the effective elasticity of the aether; then E = pc t, where p is its density, and c the velocity of light which is 3 X 10 10 cm./sec. If = A cos" (t - x/c) is the linear vibration, the stress is E dE/dx; and the total energy, which is twice the

**kinetic**energy Zp(d/dt) 2 dx, is 2pn2A2 per cm., which is thus equal to 1.8 ergs as above.If we rest on the synthesis here described, the energy of the matter, even the thermal part, appears largely as potential energy of strain in the aether which interacts with the

**kinetic**energy associated with disturbances involving finite velocity of matter.When the atoms are in motion these strain-forms produce straining and unstraining in the aether as they pass across it, which in its motional or

**kinetic**aspect constitutes the resulting magnetic field; as the strains are slight the coefficient of ultimate inertia here involved must be great.The importance of a study of the changes of the vis viva depending on squares of velocities, or what is now called the "

**kinetic**energy" of a system, was recognized in Newton's time, especially by Leibnitz; and it was perceived (at any rate for special cases) that an increase in this quantity in the course of any motion of the system was otherwise expressible by what we now call the "work" done by the forces.The energy of a system is the measure of its capacity for doing work, on the assumption of suitable connexions with other systems. When the motion of a body is checked by a spring, its

**kinetic**energy being destroyed, the spring, if perfectly elastic, is capable of restoring the motion; but if it is checked by friction no such restoration can be immediately effected.It is much more probable that heat is really the

**kinetic**energy of motion of the molecules, and is passed on from one to another by collisions.On the

**kinetic**theory the molecules of a gas are relatively far apart and there is nothing analogous to friction between two adjacent layers A and B moving with different velocities.This potential energy becomes

**kinetic**when the slag is brought into contact with lime in the presence of water, and causes the formation of a true hydraulic silicate of lime.Thus The Direct Experimental Evidence Is Somewhat Meagre And Conflicting, But The Question Of The Relation Of The Specific Heats Of Gases Is One Of Great Interest In Connexion With The

**Kinetic**Theory And The Constitution Of The Molecule.According To The Elementary

**Kinetic**Theory Of An Ideal Gas, The Molecules Of Which Are So Small And So Far Apart That Their Mutual Actions May Be Neglected, The**Kinetic**Energy Of Translation Of The Molecules Is Proportional To The Absolute Temperature, And Is Equal To 3/2 Of Pv, The Product Of The Pressure And The Volume, Per Unit Mass.If The Molecules Are Supposed To Be Like Smooth, Hard, Elastic Spheres, Incapable Of Receiving Any Other Kind Of Energy Except That Of Translation, The Specific Heat At Constant Volume Would Be The Increase Per Degree Of The

**Kinetic**Energy Namely 3Pv/20=3R/2, That At Constant Pressure Would Be 5R/2, And The Ratio Of The Specific Heats Would Be 5/3 Or 1.666.In 1879 Maxwell Considered It One Of The Greatest Difficulties Which The

**Kinetic**Theory Had Yet Encountered, That In Spite Of The Many Other Degrees Of Freedom Of Vibration Revealed By The Spectroscope, The Experimental Value Of The Ratio S/S Was 1.40 For So Many Gases, Instead Of Being Less Than 4/3.When Bosanquet says that in " Heat is a mode of motion " there is no reference to individual objects, but " a pure hypothetical form which absolutely neglects the existence of objects," he falls far short of expressing the nature of this scientific judgment, for in his Theory of Heat Clerk Maxwell describes it as " believing heat as it exists in a hot body to be in the form of

**kinetic**energy."If steam or vapour is " wire-drawn " or expanded through a porous plug or throttling aperture without external loss or gain of heat, the total heat (E+pv) remains constant (Thermodynamics, ยง I I), provided that the experiment is arranged so that the

**kinetic**energy of flow is the same on either side of the throttle.The mass-system is then said to possess

**kinetic**symmetry about 0.The product 4muf is called the

**kinetic**energy of the particle, and the equation.If we assume that there is no loss of apparent

**kinetic**energy we have also miuii +miuf2 = miui2 +mfuzi.It follows from the formula 15 (10) for the internal

**kinetic**energy of a system of particles that as a result of the impact this energy is diminished by the amount i m1mi 2(1 _ei)m+m(ui_uf)1.The unit of work on the same principles is ML2T2, and itis to be noticed that this is identical with the unit of

**kinetic**energy.Next consider the

**kinetic**energy of the system.The latter may be called the internal

**kinetic**energy of the system.If T denote the

**kinetic**energy, we may say then that the sum T + V is in any interval of time increased by an amount equal to the work done by the extraneous forces.The increase of the

**kinetic**energy of a rigid body in any interval of time is equal to the work done by the extraneous forces acting on the body.In this case the

**kinetic**energy is given by 2T = M0 (u1 +v2+w1) +AP2 +Bq2 +Cr2 2Fqr 2Grp 2Hpq, (13) where M0 is the mass, and A, B, C, F, G, H are the moments and products of inertia with respect to the mass-centre; cf.The

**kinetic**energy T of the motion relative to 0 will be constant.Motion of a Solid of Revolution.In the case of a solid of revolution, or (more generally) whenever there is

**kinetic**syminetry about an asks through the mass-centre, or through a fixec point 0, a number of interesting problems can be treated almost directly from first principles.This equation expresses that the

**kinetic**energy is increasing at a rate equal to that at which work is being done by the forces.To apply the equations (11) to the case of the top we start with the expression (15) of 22 for the

**kinetic**energy, the simplified form (i) of 20 being for the present purpose inadmissible, since it is essential that the generalized co-ordinates employed should be competent to specify the position of every particle.Connecting the experimental study of the physical and chemical properties is the immense theoretical edifice termed the

**kinetic**theory of gases.Coulomb pointed out long ago that the resistance of a body to be set in motion was in many cases much greater than the resistance which it offered to continued motion; and since his time writers have always distinguished the "friction of rest," or static friction, from the "friction of motion," or

**kinetic**friction.These experiments distinctly point to the conclusion, although without absolutely proving it, that in such cases the coefficient of

**kinetic**friction gradually increases as the velocity becomes extremely small, and passes without discontinuity into that of static friction.G-actin was polymerized into F-actin in a similar

**kinetic**process to rabbit muscle actin was polymerized into F-actin in a similar**kinetic**process to rabbit muscle actin.**Kinetic**methods which measure the clearances (removal) of urea and creatinine are now the gold standard for the assessment of dialysis adequacy.The

**kinetic**transport coeffs. are computed from explicit collision integrals and compared favorably with detailed simulations.A constellation of space-based

**kinetic**interceptors could not be deployed for many years, although small numbers of prototypes could possibly be deployed earlier.Waves and instabilities in fully ionized (and magnetized) fluid and

**kinetic**plasmas will also be addressed.**Kinetic**Whitney falls in with some former jocks who have kryptonite tattoes that give them the power to walk through the walls.This means that you already have 108 thousand joules of

**kinetic**energy for every kg.A high temperature from a match or spark etc., gives the reactant molecules enough

**kinetic**energy to overcome the activation energy * .There is an incredibly

**kinetic**dynamic to act for him.If enough individuals turn

**kinetic**, it starts accelerating into a collective form.Tony comments that, " although the structure was fastened, as the viewer moved around the form it became

**kinetic**.Air from the atmosphere enters the eye of the first impeller it then acquires

**kinetic**energy from the rotating impellers.Mecca simply wanted what they eventually got - pure raw,

**kinetic**energy dispersed under a geometric ceiling that resembled an inverted space station.In both static and

**kinetic**perimetry, the effective visual field enlarged during the training.**Kinetic**studies on the nanosecond timescale are also possible using a laser flash photolysis instrument.In both cases, we need extensive experimental studies seeking to identify all long-lived polymorphs in order to understand the

**kinetic**factors involved.This should ensure that the data-mining analysis could find the most effective correlation between the observed polymorphs and the predicted thermodynamic and

**kinetic**properties.Hence, we need to rationalize the

**kinetic**factors that can lead to the observation of metastable polymorphs.It slows down, losing

**kinetic**energy as its potential energy, of electrical repulsion, increases in compensation.These

**kinetic**differences were confirmed by short-term in vitro culture both in fetal calf serum and in AS.He played a bouncy techno set from the hazy days of

**Kinetic**alongside Storm.In this case the work of expansion, pdv, is expended in the first instance in producing

**kinetic**energy of motion of parts of the gas.The

**kinetic**theory of gases attempts to give a mathematical account, in terms of the molecular structure of matter, of all the non-chemical and non-electrical properties of gases.After a certain discount for friction and the recoil of the gun, the net work realized by the powder-gas as the shot advances AM is represented by the area Acpm, and this is equated to the

**kinetic**energy e of the shot, in foot-tons, (I) e d2 I + p, a in which the factor 4(k 2 /d 2)tan 2 S represents the fraction due to the rotation of the shot, of diameter d and axial radius of gyration k, and S represents the angle of the rifling; this factor may be ignored in the subsequent calculations as small, less than I %.Bayesian inference for stochastic

**kinetic**models using a diffusion approximation.Research areas include bioenergetics, molecular biology, fermentation, protein biochemistry,

**kinetic**and paramagnetic spectroscopy and X-ray crystallography.Viscid silk also needs to absorb the

**kinetic**energy of the fly, corresponding to a high value.Hamiltonian matrix is then calculated using the discrete Fast Fourier Transform method to compute the

**kinetic**energy part of the operator.For the best solution a prize was offered by the philosophical faculty of the University, and this he succeeded in winning with the paper which was published in 1880 on the "

**Kinetic**Energy of Electricity in Motion."When passing through its position of equilibrium, since gravity can do no more work upon it without changing its fixed point of support, all the energy of oscillation is

**kinetic**. At intermediate positions the energy is partly**kinetic**and partly potential.When the stresses acting between the parts of a system depend only on the relative positions of those parts, the sum of the

**kinetic**energy and potential energy of the system is always the same, provided the system be not acted upon by anything outside it.In some cases, as when heat is converted into the

**kinetic**energy of moving machinery or the potential energy of raised weights, there is an ascent of energy from the less available form of heat to the more available form of mechanical energy, but in all cases this is accompanied by the transfer of other heat from a body at a high temperature to one at a lower temperature, thus losing availability to an extent that more than compensates for the rise.The

**kinetic**energy with which the moving mass.The energy in a train of waves carried forward with the waves is partly strain or potential energy due to change of volume of the air, partly

**kinetic**energy due to the motion of the air as the waves pass.It may, however, be maintained that an ultimate analysis would go deeper, and resolve all phenomena of elastic resilience into consequences of the

**kinetic**stability of steady motional states, so that only motions, but not strains, would remain.**Kinetic**sculptures by Jean Tinguely are on display to 24th September.**Kinetic**and thermodynamic stabilization will be provided via extensive spin delocalization and substituent electronic effects.The

**kinetic**energy released by supernova explosions is more than enough to account for the Galactic cosmic rays up to 10 15 eV.**Kinetic**Koffee has a few very well made coffees.Wind turbines harness the power of the wind and convert its

**kinetic**energy into electricity.Featuring

**Kinetic**chronograph, alarm chronograph, and analog-digital, these watches are powerful, yet stylish.These static and

**kinetic**conditions succeed each other rapidly, and the result is to detach or throw off from the antenna semi-loops of electric force, which move outwards in all directions and are accompanied by expanding circular lines of magnetic force.This equation, which is mathematically deducible from the

**kinetic**theory of gases, expresses the behaviour of gases, the phenomena of the critical state, and the behaviour of liquids; solids are not accounted for.Besides this most important contribution to the general fabric of dynamical science, we owe to Lagrange several minor theorems of great elegance, - among which may be mentioned his theorem that the

**kinetic**energy imparted by given impulses to a material system under given constraints is a maximum.The best estimates which we now possess of the sizes of molecules are provided by calculations based upon the

**kinetic**theory of gases.Conversely, if the

**kinetic**energy T is expressed as a quadratic function of x, x x3, y1, y2, y3, the components of momentum, the partial differential coefficient with respect to a momentum component will give the component of velocity to correspond.If we consider any short length of the stream bounded by two imaginary cross-sections A and B on either side of the plug, unit mass of the fluid in passing A has work, p'v', done on it by the fluid behind and carries its energy, E'+ U', with it into the space AB, where U' is the

**kinetic**energy of flow.If a body whose mass is m grammes be moving with a velocity of v centimetres per second relative to the earth, the available

**kinetic**energy possessed by the system is Zmv 2 ergs if m be small relative to the earth.This energy is obtained especially by the chioroplastids, and part of it is at once devoted to the construction of carbohydrate material, being thus turned from the

**kinetic**to the potential condition.Now the unstable movements of the needles are of a mechanically irreversible character; the energy expended in dissociating the members of a combination and placing them in unstable positions assumes the

**kinetic**form when the needles turn over, and is ultimately frittered down into heat.As a rule these equations are established immediately by determining the component acceleration of the fluid particle which is passing through (x, y, z) at the instant t of time considered, and saying that the reversed acceleration or

**kinetic**reaction, combined with the impressed force per unit of mass and pressure-gradient, will according to d'Alembert's principle form a system in equilibrium.The remainder of this article is devoted to a brief statement of the methods and results of the

**kinetic**theory.Thus the estimation of

**kinetic**energy is intimately affected by the choice of our base of measurement.These theorems, which hold for the motion of a single rigid body, are true generally for a flexible system, such as considered here for a liquid, with one or more rigid bodies swimming in it; and they express the statement that the work done by an impulse is the product of the impulse and the arithmetic mean of the initial and final velocity; so that the

**kinetic**energy is the work done by the impulse in starting the motion from rest.In point of fact it is found that the properties which are most easily explained are those connected with the gaseous state; the explanation of these properties in terms of the molecular structure of matter is the aim of the "

**Kinetic**Theory of Gases."Instead of following the motion of each individual part of a material system, he showed that, if we determine its configuration by a sufficient number of variables, whose number is that of the degrees of freedom to move (there being as many equations as the system has degrees of freedom), the

**kinetic**and potential energies of the system can be expressed in terms of these, and the differential equations of motion thence deduced by simple differentiation.The energy is less than that of an ideal gas by the term npc. If we imagine that the defect of volume c is due to the formation of molecular aggregates consisting of two or more single molecules, and if the

**kinetic**energy of translation of any one of these aggregates is equal to that of one of the single molecules, it is clear that some energy must be lost in co-aggregating, but that the proportion lost will be different for different types of molecules and also for different types of co-aggregation.There is probably but little transformation of one form of

**kinetic**energy into another in the plant.In the following table are given the values of the diameters of the molecules of six substances with which it is easy to experiment in the gaseous state, these values being calculated in different ways from formulae supplied by the

**kinetic**theory.If mechanical work or

**kinetic**energy is directly converted into heat by friction, reversal of the motion does not restore the energy so converted.