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kidneys

kidneys Sentence Examples

  • The kidneys are enlarged and congested.

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  • The kidneys are enlarged and congested.

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  • Kaiser has described as kidneys two organs something like minute shrubs situated dorsally to the generative ducts into which they open.

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  • Strychnine is eliminated by the kidneys as strychnine and strychnic acid.

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  • Occasionally the fluke migrates into the blood vessels and may reach the lungs, kidneys, urethra and bladder.

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  • It is probable that the kidneys also have an internal secretion, and that the great oedema sometimes found in kidney disease is rather due to the action of some proteid body resembling in its effects the streptococcus anti-toxin, than to accumulation of water due to imperfect action of the kidney.

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  • There is much uncertainty as to the influence of atropine on the secretions of the stomach, intestines, liver, pancreas and kidneys, and it is not possible to make any definite statement, save that in all probability the activities of the nerves innervating the glandcells in these organs are reduced, though they are certainly not arrested, as in the other cases.

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  • It has been discovered in seaweed; in the blood of certain Cephalopoda and Ascidia as haemocyanin, a substance resembling the ferruginous haemoglobin, and of a species of Limulus; in straw, hay, eggs, cheese, meat, and other food-stuffs; in the liver and kidneys, and, in traces, in the blood of man and other animals (as an entirely adventitious constituent, however); it has also been shown by A.

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  • Provided the kidneys be healthy, the symptoms may be ignored.

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  • The materials are bound together by a tough white thread which is formed by a secretion of the kidneys of the male.

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  • Elimination of waste-products is one of the most important points in regard to health, and when this is interfered with by disease of the kidneys, the life of the patient is rendered more or less uncertain and the health frequently seriously impaired.

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  • The discovery by Richard Bright (1789-1858) of the disease of the kidneys known by his name proved to be one of the most momentous of the century.

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  • Our knowledge of diseases of the kidneys has made no great advance since the time of Richard Bright.

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  • Each person has two adrenal glands just above the kidneys.

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  • Sodium salicylate escapes from the blood mainly by the kidneys, in the secretion of which sodium salicylate and salicyluric acid can be detected within fifteen minutes of its administration.

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  • The rapid excretion by the kidneys is one of the cardinal conditions of safety, and also necessitates the very frequent administration of the drug.

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  • In the sphere of physiology and in the interpretation of associated arterial diseases much obscurity still remains; as, for instance, concerning the nature of the toxic substances which produce those bilateral changes in the kidneys which we call Bright's disease, and bring about the "uraemia" which is characteristic of it.

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  • Its bulk alone (equal to that of an orange) causes serious disturbances, and its choice of the liver, kidneys, lungs, cranial cavity and other deep-seated recesses, gives rise to profound alterations.

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  • There is usually one pair of coelomic ducts leading from the pericardium to the exterior, and these are the excretory organs or kidneys, formerly known as the organs of Bojanus.

    1
    1
  • The last nerve which contributes to the ischiadic plexus leaves the spinal column in most birds either between the two primary sacral vertebrae, or just below the hindmost of them, and sends a branch to the pubic portion which is composed of post-ischiadic nerves, partly imbedded in the kidneys, and innervates the ventral muscles between the tail and pubis, together with those of the cloaca and copulatory organs.

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  • There is no renal portal system, excepting unimportant vestiges of such a system in the head kidneys.

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  • Both present the appearance of diminutive clusters of grapes, at the anterior end of the kidneys, close to the suprarenal bodies, separated from each other by the descending aorta and by the vena cava where this is formed by the right and left vena iliaca communis.

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  • In the interior organs there are indications of a compensating accumulation of blood, such as swelling of the spleen, engorgement (very rarely rupture) of the heart, with a feeling of oppression in the chest, and a copious flow of clear and watery urine from the congested kidneys.

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  • Originally the gonads opened into the kidneys.

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  • PSOROSPERMIASIS, the medical term for a disease caused by the animal parasites known as psorosperms or gregarinidae, found in the liver, kidneys and ureters.

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  • Salicylic acid and salicin (q.v.) share the properties common to the group of aromatic acids, which, as a group, are antiseptic without being toxic to man - a property practically unique; are unstable in the body; are antipyretic and analgesic; and diminish the excretion of urea by the kidneys.

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  • It has now been established that, provided the kidneys be healthy, natural salicylic acid, sodium salicylate prepared from the natural acid, and salicin, are not cardiac depressants.

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  • kidneys, pancreas and the thyroid gland, also in muscle-plasma; " crystalline," a globulin occurring in two forms a and /3, is found in the lens of the eye; " egg-globulin " and " lactoglobulin " occur respectively in the white of egg and in milk.

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  • In Rhynchonella, where there are two pairs of kidneys, the internal opening of the anterior pair is supported by the gastroparietal band and that of the posterior pair by the ileoparietal band.

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  • The kidneys or nephridia open internally by wide funnel-shaped nephridiostomes and externally by small pores on each side of the mouth near the base of the arms. Each is short, gently curved and devoid of convolutions.

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  • They are regarded as kidneys.

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  • Sodium is excreted by all the mucous surfaces and by the liver and kidneys.

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  • The parasites are frequently more numerous in the spleen, bone-marrow, kidneys, &c., than elsewhere, and it has been found that multiplication goes on rather more actively in the capillaries of these organs.

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  • The essential part of the medicinal treatment of this condition is the administration of iodides, which are able to decompose the insoluble albuminates of lead which have become locked up in the tissues, rapidly causing their degeneration, and to cause the excretion of the poisonous metal by means of the intestine and the kidneys.

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  • In addition to the characters given above, it may be noted that the mantle is provided with a hypobranchial gland on the outer side of each gill, the auricles are muscular, the kidneys are glandular through their whole length, the sexes are separate.

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  • The gonads open into the kidneys and the right gonad extends into the mantle.

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  • Gonads generally extend into mantle and open at sides of kidneys.

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  • In the most primitive forms of several classes there are no distinct genital ducts, the gonads when mature discharging into or through the kidneys.

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  • Among the Lamellibranchia again the kidneys serve as genital ducts in the Protobranchia and some Filibranchia.

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  • Thus Karl Christoph Vogt repeated the saying of the French physician Cabanis, " The brain is determined to thought as the stomach is to digestion, or the liver to the secretion of bile," in the form, " Thought stands in the same relation to the brain as the bile to the liver or the urine to the kidneys."

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  • Death is to be averted by such measures as will keep the heart and lungs in action until the drug has been excreted by the kidneys.

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  • If given in excess the drug is eliminated by way of the intestines and kidneys.

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  • The drug circulates in the blood in the form of an albuminate and is slowly excreted by the kidneys.

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  • Poisons formed by microbes are partly eliminated by the kidneys, partly by the mucous membrane of the stomach and intestines, and possibly also by the skin.

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  • But it seems now probable that all glands which have what may be termed an external secretion like the pancreas, stomach, intestine, skin and kidneys have also an internal secretion, so that while they are pouring out one secretion from the ducts into the intestine or external air, they are also pouring into the lymphatics, and thus into the blood, an internal secretion.

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  • In some cases of chronic inflammation of the kidneys, where the disease is not extensive, the patient may continue in fair health for a number of years, provided attention be paid to the following rules: - (i) The body must be kept warm, and chills must be scrupulously avoided; (2) the digestion must be attended to carefully, so that no excess of poisonous bodies is formed in the intestine or absorbed from it; (3) eliminating channels such as the skin and bowel must be kept active.

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  • It is usual to reduce the quantity of proteid food to a minimum, in order to lessen the amount of nitrogenous waste to be excreted by the kidneys.

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  • As the grapes contain a quantity of water and of salts, they tend to lessen the amount of food taken, to increase the action of the bowels, and to stimulate the kidneys.

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  • In cultivation the potato varies very greatly not only as to the season of its growth but also as to productiveness, the vigour and luxuriance of its foliage, the presence or relative absence of hairs, the form of the leaves, the size and colour of the flowers, &c. The tubers vary greatly in size, form and colour; gardeners divide them into rounded forms and long forms or "kidneys," and there are of course varieties intermediate in form.

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  • brain and kidneys, it may now be stated as an accepted fact that all the important results of bacteria in the tissues are due to poisonous bodies or toxins formed by them.

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  • Quinine is excreted in some degree by nearly all the glands of the body, but mainly by the kidneys.

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  • Sulphate of copper, in doses of 3 to 5 gr., freely diluted and repeated every few minutes forms the harmless, black phosphide of copper, which is rapidly eliminated by the kidneys.

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  • Dr Bence-Jones was a recognized authority on diseases of the stomach and kidneys.

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  • The amount of iron existing in the human blood is only 38 gr.; therefore, when an excess of iron is absorbed, part is excreted immediately by the bowel and kidneys, and part is stored in the liver and spleen.

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  • It must not be used to check haemorrhage from the kidneys (haematuria) owing to its irritant action on those organs, but in haemoptysis (haemorrhage from the lungs) it is often an invaluable remedy.

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  • It is eliminated chiefly by the urine, and to a less extent by the alimentary canal, sweat, saliva, bile, milk, tears, hair, &c., but it is also stored up in the body mainly in the liver and kidneys.

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  • Arsenic is found in almost every part of the body, but is retained in largest amount by the liver, secondly by the kidneys.

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  • Saturn, taking in Greek astrology the place at the head of the planets which among the Babylonians was accorded to JupiterMarduk, was given a place in the brain, which in later times was looked upon as the centre of soul-life; Venus, as the planet of the passion of love, was supposed to reign supreme over the genital organs, the belly and the lower limbs; Mars, as the violent planet, is associated with the bile, as well as with the blood and kidneys.

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  • There are several sulphurous springs - one saline, another strongly impregnated with sulphuretted hydrogen - in great repute for gout, rheumatism, skin diseases and affections of the liver and kidneys.

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  • The genital glands, ovaries and testes, are attached to the dorsal wall of the body-cavity, in the immediate vicinity of the kidneys, with which the male glands are intimately connected.

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  • In most male batrachians the testes are drained by transverse canals which open into a longitudinal duct, which also receives the canals of the kidneys, so that this common duct conveys both sperma and urine.

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  • A physiological classification according to an action on the brain, heart, kidney or other important organ becomes still more bewildering, as many substances produce the same effects by different agencies, as, for instance, the kidneys may be acted upon directly or through the circulation, while the heart may be affected either through its muscular substance or its nervous apparatus.

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  • When iron is injected directly into a vein it depresses the heart's action, the blood pressure and the nervous system, and during its excretion greatly irritates the bowel and the kidneys.

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  • It therefore increases all the secretions, especially those of the skin and kidneys, while it also stimulates the general metabolism of the body and the excretion of nitrogenous products.

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  • They are readily absorbed into the blood, and they are excreted chiefly by the kidneys in a more or less altered form, and probably also by the different mucous membranes, and even by the skin.

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  • During excretion they irritate the kidneys and the sweat-glands, and thereby increase the excretion of urine and of sweat.

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  • They also markedly increase the secretion of urine by stimulating the secreting cells of the kidneys.

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  • The liver, spleen, kidneys and bladder were not palpable.

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  • Yes, there are situations that may affect your kidneys or liver function and thus put you at risk for developing lactic acidosis.

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  • adrenal medulla, located close to the kidneys.

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  • Each person has two adrenal glands just above the kidneys.

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  • This hormone is produced by the adrenal glands which lie at the tops of the kidneys.

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  • The liver converts this ammonia to urea which is then excreted by the kidneys.

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  • HLS have transplanted transgenic pig hearts and kidneys into wild-caught baboons, resulting in complete failure.

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  • Things you didn't know about Kaye Umansky I don't like pink blancmange or kidneys.

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  • This prolonged hypercalcaemia causes dystrophic calcification of the gastrointestinal tissues, the kidneys, lungs, blood vessels, and joints.

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  • creatinine in blood gives a useful guide to how well the kidneys are working.

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  • For very severe disease causing inflammation in the kidneys, lungs or brain then we use cyclophosphamide with high doses of steroids.

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  • PKD is a genetic disorder in which kidneys become overgrown with fluid-filled cysts.

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  • degeneration of the liver and kidneys which was believed to have been caused by a form of diabetes.

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  • Last year her kidneys failed and she has been receiving dialysis for 9 months, however last month her liver failed.

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  • Treatments: Medicines called diuretics can be given to help the kidneys remove the excess water.

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  • diuretic drugs to increase the output of water by the kidneys.

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  • Kidneys Healthy kidneys produce erythropoietin, a hormone that stimulates the formation of new red blood cells.

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  • excreted by the kidneys are removed from the blood by the liver.

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  • excreted via the kidneys, with calcium hitching a ride at the same time.

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  • excreted by the kidneys are removed from the blood by the liver.

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  • excretion by the kidneys.

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  • The kidneys are badly injured which can lead to chronic renal failure.

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  • fatty degeneration of the liver and kidneys and splenomegaly.

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  • The kidneys are capable of increasing calcium excretion nearly fivefold to maintain homeostatic serum calcium concentrations.

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  • The fetal kidneys become functional by the 11th week.

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  • hollow fiber dialysers are artificial kidneys where numerous bundles of dialysis tubing are contained within a plastic cylinder.

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  • hypothalamus in the brain and controlled by the kidneys.

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  • justification for prohibition applies to all human tissue, apparently placing hair and kidneys in the same category.

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  • Waste products which are not excreted by the kidneys are removed from the blood by the liver.

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  • kidneys into the urine.

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  • Polycystic kidneys (PKD) - the commonest inherited cause of kidney failure.

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  • Do not add salt to your babyâs food, as the immature kidneys are unable to process it.

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  • The fetal kidneys become functional by the 11th week.

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  • Between 1955 and 1963, millions of people were exposed to monkey virus SV40 through contaminated oral polio vaccines made from monkey kidneys.

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  • Main course could be roast beef; braised lambs ' kidneys; baked halibut steak or a whole grilled plaice.

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  • Small Intestine: normal large intestine: Normal Kidneys: Normal Pancreas: Normal Spleen: Normal Lymph Nodes: Normal.

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  • EPO is a hormone naturally secreted by the kidneys which stimulates bone marrow to produce red blood cells.

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  • A hormone released by the adrenal medulla, located close to the kidneys.

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  • The kidneys begin to develop around the 3rd week of fetal life from the intermediate mesoderm.

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  • metabolize protein and break down oxalates helping your kidneys process and flush out the excess waste that causes kidney stones.

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  • metabolized in the liver, kidneys and lungs.

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  • Between 1955 and 1963, millions of people were exposed to monkey virus SV40 through contaminated oral polio vaccines made from monkey kidneys.

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  • Damage in the muscle causes the release of pigment called myoglobin into the bloodstream where it is transported to the kidneys.

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  • Because the kidneys remove myoglobin from the blood, myoglobin levels may be high in persons whose kidneys are failing.

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  • Large kidneys may indicate an acute or crescentic nephritis that may require urgent treatment.

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  • Certain rare inherited disorders can cause normal kidneys to lose phosphorus, which causes osteomalacia.

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  • perfuseffect of postural compression of the aortic branches perfusing the kidneys has been discussed.

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  • Main course could be roast beef; braised lambs ' kidneys; baked halibut steak or a whole grilled plaice.

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  • polycystic kidneys, one may be removed to make room for the transplant [10] .

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  • This information is mostly about renal lupus - that is, lupus affecting the kidneys.

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  • The kidneys also help produce a hormone called renin that is vital for regulating blood pressure.

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  • solute load which is particularly suitable for newborn infants with developing kidneys.

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  • Urate is normally harmless and the body usually passes excess urate is normally harmless and the body usually passes excess urate out of the body through the kidneys into the urine.

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  • However, the kidneys are continuously removing urea from the blood and producing urine as a result.

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  • You also have two ureters which carry the urine from kidneys to bladder.

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  • Instead, the kidneys, acting as regulators, excrete vitamin C causing the need for regular replenishment.

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  • The last nerve which contributes to the ischiadic plexus leaves the spinal column in most birds either between the two primary sacral vertebrae, or just below the hindmost of them, and sends a branch to the pubic portion which is composed of post-ischiadic nerves, partly imbedded in the kidneys, and innervates the ventral muscles between the tail and pubis, together with those of the cloaca and copulatory organs.

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  • There is no renal portal system, excepting unimportant vestiges of such a system in the head kidneys.

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  • Both present the appearance of diminutive clusters of grapes, at the anterior end of the kidneys, close to the suprarenal bodies, separated from each other by the descending aorta and by the vena cava where this is formed by the right and left vena iliaca communis.

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  • The action of colchicum or colchicine upon the kidneys has been minutely studied, and it is asserted on the one hand that the urinary solids are much diminished and, on the other hand, that they are markedly increased, the specific gravity of the secretion being much raised.

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  • In the interior organs there are indications of a compensating accumulation of blood, such as swelling of the spleen, engorgement (very rarely rupture) of the heart, with a feeling of oppression in the chest, and a copious flow of clear and watery urine from the congested kidneys.

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  • It is not quite certain whether these are to be regarded as the remnant of an earlier excretory system, replaced among the Oligochaeta by the subsequently developed paired structures, or whether these "head kidneys" are the first pair of nephridia precociously developed.

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  • Originally the gonads opened into the kidneys.

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  • f, Gill lamellae (not ctenidia, but organs of the pallial complex, having two kidneys, in some cases two branchiae, and two auricles.

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  • PSOROSPERMIASIS, the medical term for a disease caused by the animal parasites known as psorosperms or gregarinidae, found in the liver, kidneys and ureters.

    0
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  • Kaiser has described as kidneys two organs something like minute shrubs situated dorsally to the generative ducts into which they open.

    0
    0
  • Salicylic acid and salicin (q.v.) share the properties common to the group of aromatic acids, which, as a group, are antiseptic without being toxic to man - a property practically unique; are unstable in the body; are antipyretic and analgesic; and diminish the excretion of urea by the kidneys.

    0
    0
  • It has now been established that, provided the kidneys be healthy, natural salicylic acid, sodium salicylate prepared from the natural acid, and salicin, are not cardiac depressants.

    0
    0
  • Sodium salicylate escapes from the blood mainly by the kidneys, in the secretion of which sodium salicylate and salicyluric acid can be detected within fifteen minutes of its administration.

    0
    0
  • The rapid excretion by the kidneys is one of the cardinal conditions of safety, and also necessitates the very frequent administration of the drug.

    0
    0
  • Provided the kidneys be healthy, the symptoms may be ignored.

    0
    0
  • kidneys, pancreas and the thyroid gland, also in muscle-plasma; " crystalline," a globulin occurring in two forms a and /3, is found in the lens of the eye; " egg-globulin " and " lactoglobulin " occur respectively in the white of egg and in milk.

    0
    0
  • In Rhynchonella, where there are two pairs of kidneys, the internal opening of the anterior pair is supported by the gastroparietal band and that of the posterior pair by the ileoparietal band.

    0
    0
  • The kidneys or nephridia open internally by wide funnel-shaped nephridiostomes and externally by small pores on each side of the mouth near the base of the arms. Each is short, gently curved and devoid of convolutions.

    0
    0
  • For the special pathological details of various diseases, see the separate articles on Parasitic Diseases; Neuro-Pathology; Digestive Organs; Respiratory System; Blood: Circulation; Metabolic Diseases; Fever; Bladder; Kidneys; Skin Diseases; EYE Diseases; Heart Disease; EAR, &c.; and the articles on different diseases and ailments under the headings of their common names.

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  • The discovery by Richard Bright (1789-1858) of the disease of the kidneys known by his name proved to be one of the most momentous of the century.

    0
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  • Our knowledge of diseases of the kidneys has made no great advance since the time of Richard Bright.

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  • In the sphere of physiology and in the interpretation of associated arterial diseases much obscurity still remains; as, for instance, concerning the nature of the toxic substances which produce those bilateral changes in the kidneys which we call Bright's disease, and bring about the "uraemia" which is characteristic of it.

    0
    0
  • Its bulk alone (equal to that of an orange) causes serious disturbances, and its choice of the liver, kidneys, lungs, cranial cavity and other deep-seated recesses, gives rise to profound alterations.

    0
    0
  • Occasionally the fluke migrates into the blood vessels and may reach the lungs, kidneys, urethra and bladder.

    0
    0
  • The quest of a solvent for calculus in the bladder and kidneys was pursued by him as by others at the period, and he devised a form of forceps which, on the testimony of John Ranby (1703-1773), sergeant-surgeon to George II., extracted stones with "great ease and readiness."

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  • The materials are bound together by a tough white thread which is formed by a secretion of the kidneys of the male.

    0
    0
  • They are regarded as kidneys.

    0
    0
  • Sodium is excreted by all the mucous surfaces and by the liver and kidneys.

    0
    0
  • The parasites are frequently more numerous in the spleen, bone-marrow, kidneys, &c., than elsewhere, and it has been found that multiplication goes on rather more actively in the capillaries of these organs.

    0
    0
  • The essential part of the medicinal treatment of this condition is the administration of iodides, which are able to decompose the insoluble albuminates of lead which have become locked up in the tissues, rapidly causing their degeneration, and to cause the excretion of the poisonous metal by means of the intestine and the kidneys.

    0
    0
  • In addition to the characters given above, it may be noted that the mantle is provided with a hypobranchial gland on the outer side of each gill, the auricles are muscular, the kidneys are glandular through their whole length, the sexes are separate.

    0
    0
  • The gonads open into the kidneys and the right gonad extends into the mantle.

    0
    0
  • Gonads generally extend into mantle and open at sides of kidneys.

    0
    0
  • There is usually one pair of coelomic ducts leading from the pericardium to the exterior, and these are the excretory organs or kidneys, formerly known as the organs of Bojanus.

    0
    0
  • In the most primitive forms of several classes there are no distinct genital ducts, the gonads when mature discharging into or through the kidneys.

    0
    0
  • Among the Lamellibranchia again the kidneys serve as genital ducts in the Protobranchia and some Filibranchia.

    0
    0
  • Thus Karl Christoph Vogt repeated the saying of the French physician Cabanis, " The brain is determined to thought as the stomach is to digestion, or the liver to the secretion of bile," in the form, " Thought stands in the same relation to the brain as the bile to the liver or the urine to the kidneys."

    0
    0
  • Strychnine is eliminated by the kidneys as strychnine and strychnic acid.

    0
    0
  • There is much uncertainty as to the influence of atropine on the secretions of the stomach, intestines, liver, pancreas and kidneys, and it is not possible to make any definite statement, save that in all probability the activities of the nerves innervating the glandcells in these organs are reduced, though they are certainly not arrested, as in the other cases.

    0
    0
  • Death is to be averted by such measures as will keep the heart and lungs in action until the drug has been excreted by the kidneys.

    0
    0
  • If given in excess the drug is eliminated by way of the intestines and kidneys.

    0
    0
  • The drug circulates in the blood in the form of an albuminate and is slowly excreted by the kidneys.

    0
    0
  • It has been discovered in seaweed; in the blood of certain Cephalopoda and Ascidia as haemocyanin, a substance resembling the ferruginous haemoglobin, and of a species of Limulus; in straw, hay, eggs, cheese, meat, and other food-stuffs; in the liver and kidneys, and, in traces, in the blood of man and other animals (as an entirely adventitious constituent, however); it has also been shown by A.

    0
    0
  • Poisons formed by microbes are partly eliminated by the kidneys, partly by the mucous membrane of the stomach and intestines, and possibly also by the skin.

    0
    0
  • But it seems now probable that all glands which have what may be termed an external secretion like the pancreas, stomach, intestine, skin and kidneys have also an internal secretion, so that while they are pouring out one secretion from the ducts into the intestine or external air, they are also pouring into the lymphatics, and thus into the blood, an internal secretion.

    0
    0
  • It is probable that the kidneys also have an internal secretion, and that the great oedema sometimes found in kidney disease is rather due to the action of some proteid body resembling in its effects the streptococcus anti-toxin, than to accumulation of water due to imperfect action of the kidney.

    0
    0
  • Elimination of waste-products is one of the most important points in regard to health, and when this is interfered with by disease of the kidneys, the life of the patient is rendered more or less uncertain and the health frequently seriously impaired.

    0
    0
  • In some cases of chronic inflammation of the kidneys, where the disease is not extensive, the patient may continue in fair health for a number of years, provided attention be paid to the following rules: - (i) The body must be kept warm, and chills must be scrupulously avoided; (2) the digestion must be attended to carefully, so that no excess of poisonous bodies is formed in the intestine or absorbed from it; (3) eliminating channels such as the skin and bowel must be kept active.

    0
    0
  • It is usual to reduce the quantity of proteid food to a minimum, in order to lessen the amount of nitrogenous waste to be excreted by the kidneys.

    0
    0
  • As the grapes contain a quantity of water and of salts, they tend to lessen the amount of food taken, to increase the action of the bowels, and to stimulate the kidneys.

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  • In cultivation the potato varies very greatly not only as to the season of its growth but also as to productiveness, the vigour and luxuriance of its foliage, the presence or relative absence of hairs, the form of the leaves, the size and colour of the flowers, &c. The tubers vary greatly in size, form and colour; gardeners divide them into rounded forms and long forms or "kidneys," and there are of course varieties intermediate in form.

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  • brain and kidneys, it may now be stated as an accepted fact that all the important results of bacteria in the tissues are due to poisonous bodies or toxins formed by them.

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  • Quinine is excreted in some degree by nearly all the glands of the body, but mainly by the kidneys.

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  • Sulphate of copper, in doses of 3 to 5 gr., freely diluted and repeated every few minutes forms the harmless, black phosphide of copper, which is rapidly eliminated by the kidneys.

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  • Dr Bence-Jones was a recognized authority on diseases of the stomach and kidneys.

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  • The amount of iron existing in the human blood is only 38 gr.; therefore, when an excess of iron is absorbed, part is excreted immediately by the bowel and kidneys, and part is stored in the liver and spleen.

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  • It must not be used to check haemorrhage from the kidneys (haematuria) owing to its irritant action on those organs, but in haemoptysis (haemorrhage from the lungs) it is often an invaluable remedy.

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  • It is eliminated chiefly by the urine, and to a less extent by the alimentary canal, sweat, saliva, bile, milk, tears, hair, &c., but it is also stored up in the body mainly in the liver and kidneys.

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  • Arsenic is found in almost every part of the body, but is retained in largest amount by the liver, secondly by the kidneys.

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  • Saturn, taking in Greek astrology the place at the head of the planets which among the Babylonians was accorded to JupiterMarduk, was given a place in the brain, which in later times was looked upon as the centre of soul-life; Venus, as the planet of the passion of love, was supposed to reign supreme over the genital organs, the belly and the lower limbs; Mars, as the violent planet, is associated with the bile, as well as with the blood and kidneys.

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  • There are several sulphurous springs - one saline, another strongly impregnated with sulphuretted hydrogen - in great repute for gout, rheumatism, skin diseases and affections of the liver and kidneys.

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  • The genital glands, ovaries and testes, are attached to the dorsal wall of the body-cavity, in the immediate vicinity of the kidneys, with which the male glands are intimately connected.

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  • In most male batrachians the testes are drained by transverse canals which open into a longitudinal duct, which also receives the canals of the kidneys, so that this common duct conveys both sperma and urine.

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  • A physiological classification according to an action on the brain, heart, kidney or other important organ becomes still more bewildering, as many substances produce the same effects by different agencies, as, for instance, the kidneys may be acted upon directly or through the circulation, while the heart may be affected either through its muscular substance or its nervous apparatus.

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  • When iron is injected directly into a vein it depresses the heart's action, the blood pressure and the nervous system, and during its excretion greatly irritates the bowel and the kidneys.

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  • It therefore increases all the secretions, especially those of the skin and kidneys, while it also stimulates the general metabolism of the body and the excretion of nitrogenous products.

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  • They are readily absorbed into the blood, and they are excreted chiefly by the kidneys in a more or less altered form, and probably also by the different mucous membranes, and even by the skin.

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  • During excretion they irritate the kidneys and the sweat-glands, and thereby increase the excretion of urine and of sweat.

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  • They also markedly increase the secretion of urine by stimulating the secreting cells of the kidneys.

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  • This information is mostly about renal lupus - that is, lupus affecting the kidneys.

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  • The kidneys also help produce a hormone called renin that is vital for regulating blood pressure.

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  • SMA Gold also has a lower renal solute load which is particularly suitable for newborn infants with developing kidneys.

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  • Renal function Normal, healthy kidneys are capable of filtering large amounts of calcium that is subsequently reclaimed by tubular reabsorption.

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  • However, the kidneys are continuously removing urea from the blood and producing urine as a result.

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  • You also have two ureters which carry the urine from kidneys to bladder.

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  • This causes the kidneys to enlarge and function less effectively.

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  • He took kitty to a vet in his state and the vet said that Megastrol Acetate is a very dangerous drug with many side effects, and she suggested we discontinue the use of the drug because of the potential of harming the kitty's kidneys.

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  • Feline renal failure simply means that your cat's kidneys are shutting down for some reason.

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  • The kidneys begin to shut down, and there is reduced urine production; this means your cat will not use the little box as much as normal.

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  • Chronic renal failure results in the deterioration of the kidneys over a longer period of time.

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  • Internal organs will reach a stage of compromise, particularly the liver and kidneys.

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  • Over time, such ingredients can stress a cat's detoxification organs such as the liver and kidneys.

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  • The kidneys filter the blood and shuttle wastes out of the body through the urine.

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  • While Western medicine typically doesn't call for supportive treatments for the kidneys, Chinese herbal medicine suggests several herbs for routine kidney cleansing.

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  • Before taking herbs to cleanse your kidneys, it's important that any back pain or kidney-related issues by thoroughly investigated by your doctor.

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  • Cleansing the major organs of the body such as the liver and kidneys as part of a routine detoxification program is an integral part of natural, herbal-based medicine.

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  • While kidney cleansing or detoxification is not as well known perhaps as liver or colon cleansing, the kidneys are also an important organ for removing toxins and wastes from the body.

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  • According to the National Kidney and Urological Disease Clearing House, an information resource, your kidneys process approximately 200 quarts of blood every day, and remove about 2 quarts of waste and water daily, too.

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  • That's a lot of work for your kidneys!

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  • Green tea has astringent and diuretic properties too, which will help flush the kidneys.

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  • Diets that are high in protein and low in carbs can put a tremendous strain on the liver and kidneys.

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  • This will allow your body to adjust slowly to the changes and keep your heart and kidneys safe.

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  • The adrenal glands, which are small glands that sit on top of the kidneys, are responsible for releasing adrenal androgens, hormones which are important for hair growth in both boys and girls.

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  • When the body breaks down protein, it discharges nitrogen, which is eliminated through the kidneys.

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  • Some of the substances that street heroin may be laced with may not dissolve in the body once injected, and this can lead to the veins, lungs, kidneys or brain becoming blocked.

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  • Injections can kill the worms living in the dog's heart, but they must be administered with care because the powerful drugs can also damage the animal's liver and kidneys.

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  • While often resulting in the loss of teeth, the infection caused by periodontal disease can also enter the bloodstream and infect internal organs, such as the heart, lungs and kidneys, causing serious complications.

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  • If the kidneys are sufficiently compromised they can't filter toxins efficiently.

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  • The heart pumps blood into the tissues and also carries away carbon dioxide and toxins to the liver and kidneys to be eliminated from the body.

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  • Some believe that it assists those with muscular problems and strengthens major organs such as the heart, kidneys, and liver.

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  • Young digestive tracts absorb toxins more readily than adult digestive tracts, and young kidneys don't detoxify as efficiently as adult kidneys.

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  • Some individuals may also experience leg swelling in serious cases of sleep apnea due to the malfunction of the heart and kidneys.

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  • Kidney failure - When the kidneys malfunction, body fluids including electrolytes go off balance, which can lead to muscle spasms.

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  • Others destroy the liver or kidneys, such as heavy metals and some pain relief medications, including acetaminophen and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (ibuprofen).

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  • Any type of hard concretion (stone) in the body, but usually found in the gallbladder, pancreas, and kidneys.

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  • Cancer of the kidneys, ovaries, uterus, pancreas, bladder, rectum, and the leukemias and lymphomas are among the 12 major cancers affecting Americans of all ages.

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  • These include various types of malignant brain tumors, as well as leukemia and cancerous tumors of certain muscles (rhabdomyosarcoma), the adrenal glands (pheochromocytoma), or the kidneys (Wilms' tumor).

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  • In addition, until about age two, children's kidneys are not able to concentrate urine and preserve body fluids as efficiently as adult kidneys.

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  • Due to the high body temperature resulting from heat stroke, permanent damage to the brain, kidneys, heart, and other internal organs is possible.

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  • HSP is an acute but self-limited illness characterized by a low-grade fever (around 100.4°F[38°C]), purpura, joint pains (usually in the ankles and knees), abdominal pain, bleeding in the digestive tract, and inflammation of the kidneys.

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  • The disease is most likely to affect the kidneys, heart, or liver.

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  • The patient may develop high blood pressure if the blood supply to the kidneys is affected.

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  • Wegener's most commonly affects the upper respiratory tract, the eyes, ears, kidneys, and skin.

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  • In general, children whose lungs or kidneys are affected have poorer outcomes.

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  • Research has shown that cells of the brain, nerves, skeletal muscles, liver, heart, kidneys, ears, eyes, and pancreas seem to be particularly affected because of their high energy requirements.

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  • The undigested fructose accumulates in the liver, kidneys, and small intestine, progressively causing damage that can lead to liver and kidney failure.

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  • Early recognition and treatment of the disorder is important to avoid damage to the liver, kidneys, and small intestine.

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  • Aldolase B-Also called fructose 1-phosphate aldolase, this chemical is produced in the liver, kidneys, and brain.

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  • Also known as invasive candidiasis, deep organ candidiasis is a serious systemic infection that can affect the esophagus, heart, blood, liver, spleen, kidneys, eyes, and skin.

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  • When an unborn baby is developing, the kidneys are formed from primitive cells.

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  • Wilms' tumor may occur in only one or in both kidneys.

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  • About 7 percent of all cases of Wilms' tumor occur bilaterally (in both kidneys simultaneously).

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  • About 5 percent of Wilms' tumor cases involve both kidneys during the initial evaluation.

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  • Except in patients who have tumors in both kidneys, this surgery usually requires complete removal of the affected kidney.

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  • During surgery, the surrounding lymph nodes, the area around the kidneys, and the entire abdomen will also be examined.

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  • In cases where the tumor affects both kidneys, surgeons will try to preserve the kidney with the smaller tumor by removing only a portion of the kidney, if possible.

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  • There is an increased risk of malnutrition associated with chronic diseases, especially disease of the intestinal tract, kidneys, and liver.

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  • The collection of fatty deposits eventually affects blood vessels in the skin, heart, kidneys, and nervous system.

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  • Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)-Also called vasopressin, a hormone that acts on the kidneys to regulate water balance.

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  • As much as 51 percent of all hemorrhagic cystitis (inflammation of the bladder and of the tubes that carry urine to the bladder from the kidneys) in American and Japanese children can be attributed to adenovirus infection.

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  • In such children, the virus more often affects organs such as the lungs, liver, and kidneys, and the risk of fatality increases.

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  • Kidneys are sometimes duplicated as well.

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  • Someone may have four kidneys and four ureters or two kidneys, half of each drained by a separate ureter, or a single kidney with two, three, or four ureters attached.

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  • As long as damage to the kidneys from infection or back pressure has not become significant, the surgical repair of troublesome ureteral defects produces excellent long-term results in the great majority of cases.

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  • Amyloidosis may affect the gastrointestinal tract, liver, spleen, heart, and (in males) testes, but its effects on the kidneys are of greatest concern.

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  • Left untreated, however, those individuals who do develop amyloidosis of the kidneys may require a kidney transplant or may even die of renal failure.

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  • If taken longer, they can produce diarrhea, interfere with calcium absorption in the body, and build up magnesium, which can damage the kidneys.

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  • Causes include non-functioning kidneys and premature rupture of membranes.

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  • Renal artery stenosis-A disorder in which the arteries that supply blood to the kidneys are narrowed or constricted.

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  • Rarely, inflammations of the heart or kidneys, a drop in platelet count (causing episodes of difficult-to-control bleeding), or reactivation of an old tuberculosis infection can occur.

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  • If left untreated, it results in progressive vascular disease that may damage the blood vessels, nerves, kidneys, heart, and other organs.

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  • The complex is filtered out of the blood by the kidneys and excreted in the urine.

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  • Tuberous sclerosis is a genetic disorder in which noncancerous (benign) tumors grow on the brain, skin, kidneys, eyes, heart, and lungs.

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  • The tumors of tuberous sclerosis occur throughout the body, including the brain, heart, lungs, kidneys, eyes, and skin.

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  • Cysts on the kidneys tend to appear during the second or third decade of life.

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  • Rarely, there are so many cysts that the kidneys functioning is impaired, or the cysts bleed, resulting in anemia.

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  • Fatty growths within the kidneys (called angiolipomas) may grow so large that they cause pain and/or kidney failure.

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  • Tuberous sclerosis is diagnosed when the characteristic tumors are noted in the skin, heart, brain, or kidneys.

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  • Individuals whose symptomatology is confined to kidneys or skin (as opposed to having multiple behavioral symptoms) may do very well.

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  • Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)-Also called vasopressin, a hormone that acts on the kidneys to regulate water balance.

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  • The heart, kidneys, and adrenal glands may also be affected.

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  • It can make life-threatening demands on the heart and kidneys.

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  • This can cause the urine, which normally flows out into the amniotic fluid surrounding the fetus, to back up and injure the kidneys.

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  • The stomach, intestines, liver, spleen, and kidneys can move into the chest cavity through this hole, which is most often on the left side.

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  • Renal vein thrombosis develops when a blood clot forms in the renal vein, which is the blood vessel that carries blood from the kidneys back to the heart.

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  • Normally, kidneys rid the body of wastes by filtering the wastes into the bladder where they exit the body through the urine.

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  • When one or more blood vessels in the kidneys become narrowed (renal artery stenosis) because of debris and plaque build-up, or blocked because of a blood clot (renal vein thrombosis), the kidneys are unable to function properly.

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  • Impaired kidneys cause an increased level of phosphorus in the blood, which interferes with calcium absorption.

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  • In addition, damaged kidneys cannot activate vitamin D, which is needed to absorb calcium.

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  • Most cases of renal vein thrombosis resolve over time, without permanent injury to the kidneys.

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  • Any type of hard concretion (stone) in the body, but usually found in the gallbladder, pancreas, and kidneys.

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  • The best foods for zinc are lamb, beef, leafy grains, root vegetables such as potatoes and carrots, shellfish, and organ meats such as liver or kidneys.

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  • Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is a condition in which urine flows from the bladder, back up the ureter, and back into the kidneys.

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  • Vesicoureteral reflux causes damage to the kidneys in two ways.

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  • When the kidneys have been damaged, high blood pressure may develop.

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  • Over time, severe damage and scarring of the kidneys leads to kidney failure.

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  • Kidney size and scarring can be assessed through ultrasound examination of the kidneys.

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  • The kidneys are evaluated regularly via ultrasound and VCUG (every 12 to 18 months) to make sure that they are growing normally and that no new scarring has occurred.

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  • In these cases, it is usually best to perform surgery when the patient is relatively young, in order to avoid damage and scarring to the kidneys.

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  • Although their child may not appear at all ill, the antibiotics are crucial to protecting the health and development of their child's kidneys.

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  • Bladder-The muscular sac which receives urine from the kidneys, stores it, and ultimately works to remove it from the body during urination.

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  • Adrenal glands-A pair of endocrine glands (glands that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream) that are located on top of the kidneys.

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  • The kidneys remove the body's wastes from the blood.

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  • If hypertension thickens the arteries to the kidneys, less waste can be filtered from the blood.

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  • As the condition worsens, the kidneys fail and wastes build up in the blood.

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  • Dialysis or a kidney transplant is needed when the kidneys fail.

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  • The kidneys regulate the balance of salt and water in the body.

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  • If the kidneys cannot rid the body of excess salt and water, blood pressure goes up.

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  • Kidney infections, a narrowing of the arteries that carry blood to the kidneys, called renal artery stenosis, and other kidney disorders can disturb the salt and water balance.

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  • Dialysis-A process of filtering and removing waste products from the bloodstream, it is used as a treatment for patients whose kidneys do not function properly.

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  • As RBCs break down, they release Hgb into the blood stream, which is normally filtered out by the kidneys and excreted.

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  • Tests will be performed to monitor the effects of chemotherapy medications on the patient's kidneys and liver.

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  • The kidneys and gastrointestinal system may also be affected with cysts similar to those seen in polycystic kidney disease.

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  • An adult whose heart, kidneys, and pituitary gland are functioning properly would have to drink more than two gallons of water a day to develop water intoxication.

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  • People with heart, kidney, or liver disease are more likely to develop overhydration because their kidneys are unable to excrete water normally.

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  • Dialysis-A process of filtering and removing waste products from the bloodstream, it is used as a treatment for patients whose kidneys do not function properly.

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  • Nail-patella syndrome is a genetic disease of the connective tissue that produces defects in the fingernails, bone joints, and kidneys.

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  • Other abscesses that can develop from staph infection include those of the brain, heart, kidneys, liver, lungs, or spleen.

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  • A kidney ultrasound can be used to evaluate abnormalities of the kidneys.

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  • Allergic purpura (AP), a form of vasculitis (inflammation of the blood vessels), is a disease characterized by inflammation of the small arterial vessels (capillaries) in the skin, kidneys, and intestinal tract.

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  • The skin rash is the most obvious symptom of AP but is not the most serious, for the joints, gastrointestinal tract, and kidneys may also be affected.

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  • Most children whose kidneys are affected recover fully, but about 10 percent later develop more serious chronic kidney disease.

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  • Adrenal glands-A pair of endocrine glands (glands that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream) that are located on top of the kidneys.

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  • Allergic reactions to drugs are the most common cause of an inflammation of the kidneys called tubulointerstitial nephritis.

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  • The child may have an umbilical or inguinal hernia, malformed kidneys, and abnormalities of the urogenital system, including undescended testicles in a male child (cryptochordism).

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  • When cystitis is suspected, the doctor first examines a person's abdomen and lower back, to evaluate unusual enlargements of the kidneys or swelling of the bladder.

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  • Women and children with recurrent UTIs can be given ultrasound exams of the kidneys and bladder together with a voiding cystourethrogram to test for structural abnormalities.

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  • Week 5: Beginning development of eyes, nose, kidneys, lungs; continuing development of the heart (formation of valves), brain, nervous tissue, and digestive tract.

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  • Week 7: Beginning development of hair follicles, nipples, eyelids, and sex organs (testes or ovaries); first formation of urine in the kidneys and first evidence of brain waves.

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  • Long-term use has also been shown to damage kidneys.

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  • Molybdenum-found in bones, kidneys, and liver.

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  • Wilson disease involves decreases in copper in blood cells, the liver and brain; and increases in copper (copper toxicosis) in the cells of the intestines and kidneys.

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  • The kidneys are responsible for maintaining water balance through the elimination of waste products and excess water.

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  • Water is primarily absorbed through the gastrointestinal tract and excreted by the kidneys as urine.

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  • The variation in water volume ingested is dependent on the ability of kidneys to dilute and concentrate the urine as needed.

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  • An echocardiogram (ECG) may be performed to evaluate heart function and ultrasound of the kidneys performed to evaluate kidney function.

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  • If an infant with galactosemia is given milk, byproducts of galactose will build up in the baby's body, causing damage to the liver, kidneys, brain, and eyes.

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  • Severe diseases in the liver or kidneys, certain infections, sickle cell anemia, and some cancers also affect gonads.

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  • TB infection in the blood, the meninges (membranes around the brain and spinal cord), or the kidneys are the most serious.

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  • Steadily increasing amounts of copper circulating in the blood are deposited primarily in the brain, liver, kidneys, and the cornea of the eyes.

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  • Adrenal glands-A pair of endocrine glands (glands that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream) that are located on top of the kidneys.

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  • Adrenal glands-A pair of endocrine glands (glands that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream) that are located on top of the kidneys.

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  • Care must be taken in treating vitamin D deficiency, since high doses of vitamin D are toxic (poisonous) and can result in the permanent deposit of minerals in the heart, lungs, and kidneys.

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  • The progestin in Yasmin is similar to spironolactone, a drug that works on the kidneys.

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  • Because the progestin in Yasmin birth control affects the kidneys, it can also affect the balance of certain substances in the blood.

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  • Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders can include neurological problems, behavior problems, defects in the heart, bones, kidneys, or hearing, and many other abnormalities.

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  • This may include the skin, joints, heart, lungs, blood, kidneys, and brain.

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  • Restricting physical activity helps alleviate stress on the heart, kidneys, circulatory system, and other vital organs.

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  • The woman's body has considerably more fluids and the kidneys increase exertion.

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  • The compound is absorbed into the blood stream and over a couple of days the kidneys and liver help to complete the process of turning the compound into the active form of vitamin D.

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  • Liver and kidney issues: Because of how vitamin D is created; by the liver and kidneys, it can create problems for people who have impaired liver or kidney function.

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  • It helps with the absorption of calcium in the gut, while promoting its re-absorption by the kidneys.

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  • Potassium is a mineral that helps the kidneys function normally.

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  • This will ensure that you do not overdo it on your kidneys and liver or compromise your bone health.

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  • Your kidneys are an important factor in turning vitamin D into a form that your body can use.

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  • Vitamin D from exposure to sunlight initiates a string of chemical reactions in your body which convert the raw form to one which your body can use through conversion by your liver and kidneys.

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  • Excess amounts of this nutrients are simply flushed through the kidneys into the urine without any known toxic effects.

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  • As adults age, their kidneys are less able to convert vitamin D to an active, usable form.

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  • They discovered huge wounds crudely sewn shut on her back where her kidneys had been removed.

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  • When the person calls 911, the operator is familiar with the scenario and advises the person, in one way or another, that they've just had their kidneys harvested.

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  • A man wakes up in a tub of ice with a cell phone and note to call 911 since one of his kidneys has been stolen for the black market.

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  • Moreover, high protein diets can take their toll on your kidneys.

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  • Also, since the liver and kidneys are involved in the drug breakdown process, there can be serious and fatal outcomes, if used without medical attention.

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  • When someone eats too much protein it can strain the kidneys causing eventual kidney disease.

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  • This doesn't mean protein should be cut; rather that too much protein won't protect the kidneys as well as a low protein diet.

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  • Lots of fresh water to keep the kidneys in good working order.

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  • High protein/low carbohydrate diets are hard on the kidneys - The American Kidney Foundation warns people that the Atkins diet plan puts undue strain on the kidneys due to the high level of proteins consumed.

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  • The kidneys must clean the nitrogen from the blood before it is recirculated back into the body.

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  • More frequent trips to the bathroom leads to dehydration, which further taxes the kidneys.

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  • For some people this leads to damage of significant organs such as the heart and kidneys and at times may be irreparable.

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  • Having too much cholesterol in the blood stream causes narrowing of important blood vessels, which in turn restricts vital blood flow to the body's vital organs such as the heart, brain, lungs and kidneys.

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  • When your liver is functioning at full capacity, it metabolizes fat just fine, but another one of the jobs of the liver is to help support the kidneys.

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  • Without enough water, your kidneys can't function properly and their duties are passed on to the liver.

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  • For example, if your kidneys aren't doing their job, then your liver picks up the slack.

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  • As a result, your liver has to let go of metabolizing fat to help the kidneys get the job done.

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  • The cells do not receive the necessary energy for proper functioning and if the buildup of glucose in the bloodstream continues, health problems may arise that affect the heart, kidneys, nervous system and eyes.

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  • Sodium is processed in your body by your kidneys.

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  • In the case of mild amounts of excess sodium, your kidneys flush the excess sodium to be excreted in urine; however, when sodium is too high, the kidneys lose their ability to process the sodium.

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  • Whether you have kidney problems or not it is important to know that excess protein makes levels or urea increase, causing the kidneys to work harder.

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  • Concerns raised regarding ketosis involve the risk of placing extra burden on the kidneys.

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  • As a result, the kidneys have to work to keep up with excessive urinary water that results from sodium loss.

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  • When the fat burns and releases ketones it burdens the kidneys even more.

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  • The danger lies in long term ketosis as it may damage the kidneys as well as the liver.

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  • In fact, most experts believe detox plans in general are unnecessary, because the liver, kidneys and colon handle that task without assistance in healthy adults.

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  • While there is little evidence to back up claims that too much protein in your diet damages your kidneys, if you have pre-existing kidney conditions, a high-protein diet may place unwanted strain on an already struggling system.

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  • Animal protein seems to place greater stress on the kidneys than plant protein, so try to get as much of your daily intake as possible from beans, soy or other meat alternatives.

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  • Many health care practitioners feel that the human body is able to complete detoxification without a special diet; the kidneys, skin, lungs and liver remove impurities from the body in a healthy person.

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  • She also claims medical experts believe that the human body has its own efficient cleansing system-–the skin, lungs, kidneys, liver, and GI tract–-to remove toxins.

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  • Zeratsky also supports the school of thought that the liver and kidneys work effectively to rid the body of waste and toxins without the help of cleansing diets.

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  • The biggest risk with the kidneys is that high levels of protein place a higher load on the kidneys.

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  • Concerns about the kidneys, heart, liver and skin may all be raised as a result of fingernail problems.

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  • It is not quite certain whether these are to be regarded as the remnant of an earlier excretory system, replaced among the Oligochaeta by the subsequently developed paired structures, or whether these "head kidneys" are the first pair of nephridia precociously developed.

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  • f, Gill lamellae (not ctenidia, but organs of the pallial complex, having two kidneys, in some cases two branchiae, and two auricles.

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  • For the special pathological details of various diseases, see the separate articles on Parasitic Diseases; Neuro-Pathology; Digestive Organs; Respiratory System; Blood: Circulation; Metabolic Diseases; Fever; Bladder; Kidneys; Skin Diseases; EYE Diseases; Heart Disease; EAR, &c.; and the articles on different diseases and ailments under the headings of their common names.

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