Ketone Sentence Examples
They are hydrolysed by dilute mineral acids yielding hydroxylamine and the parent aldehyde or ketone.
Darzens (Comptes Rendus, 1904, 139, p. 1214) prepares esters of disubstituted glycidic acids, by condensing the corresponding ketone with monochloracetic ester, in the presence of sodium ethylate.
Our knowledge of the chemical structure of the monosaccharoses may be regarded as dating from 1880, when Zincke suspected some to be ketone alcohols, for it was known that glucose and fructose, for example, yielded penta-acetates, and on reduction gave hexahydric alcohols, which, when reduced by hydriodic acid, gave normal and secondary hexyliodide.
He prepared the cyanhydrins of glucose and fructose, hydrolysed them to the corresponding oxy-acids, from which the hydroxy groups were split out by reduction; it was found that glucose yielded normal heptylic acid and fructose methylbutylacetic acid; hence glucose is an aldehyde alcohol, CH 2 OH (CH OH) 4 CHO, whilst fructose is a ketone alcohol CH 2 OH (CH OH) 3 CO.
The trioses are the aldehyde and ketone mentioned above as oxidation products of glycerin.
Anthracene has also been obtained by heating ortho-tolylphenyl ketone with zinc dust C6H4(CH CH =H20+C6H4 I)C6H4.
It behaves more as a ketone than as a quinone, since with hydroxylamine it yields an oxime, and on reduction with zinc dust and caustic soda it yields a secondary alcohol, whilst it cannot be reduced by means of sulphurous acid.
A Klages (Ber., 1902, 35, pp. 2633 et seq.) has shown that if one uses an excess of magnesium and of an alkyl halide with a ketone, an ethylene derivative is formed.
The reaction appears to be perfectly general unless the ketone contains two ortho-substituent groups.
If the groups R and R' are identical, the ketone is called a simple ketone, if unlike, a mixed ketone.Advertisement
Sodium amalgam reduces them to secondary alcohols; phosphorus pentachloride replaces the carbonyl oxygen by chlorine, forming the ketone chlorides.
For dimethyl ketone or acetone, see Acetone.
The first compound, containing a group COH, or more explicitly 0 = CH, is an aldehyde, having a pronounced reducing power, producing silver from the oxide, and is therefore called propylaldehyde; the second compound containing the group - C CO C - behaves differently but just as characteristically, and is a ketone, it is therefore denominated propylketone (also acetone or dimethyl ketone).
These alkyl substitution products are important, for they lead to the synthesis of many organic compounds, on account of the fact that they can be hydrolysed in two different ways, barium hydroxide or dilute sodium hydroxide solution giving the socalled ketone hydrolysis, whilst concentrated sodium hydroxide gives the acid hydrolysis.
Cyclo-hexanol, CcHiiOH, is produced by the reduction of the corresponding ketone, or of the iodhydrin of quinite.Advertisement
Quinite (cyclo-hexanediol-i 4) is prepared by reducing the corresponding ketone with sodium amalgam, cis-, and trans-modifications being obtained which may be separated by their acetyl derivatives.
It forms a benzal compound, and gives an oyxmethylene derivative and cannot be oxidized to an acid, reactions which point to it being a ketone containing the grouping -CH 2 CO-.
Mayer (Ann., 18 93, 2 75, p. 363) obtained azelain ketone, C,H140, a liquid of peppermint odour.
By reacting with a zinc alkyl (methyl or ethyl) on an acid chloride, an addition compound is first formed, which decomposes with water to give a ketone.
This was proved in the reduction of a series of ketone, ester and alkyl halide functionalities.Advertisement
This he converted to an unsaturated ketone (7) over a total of 13 synthetic steps.
Catalyst (hardener) used for polyester resins is an organic peroxide (methyl ethyl ketone peroxide) and is particularly dangerous.
Unfortunately, our model could not predict the selectivity of the analogous methyl ketone reaction.
In this context PEEK is an acronym for polyether ether ketone.
A bright orange or yellow precipitate shows the presence of the carbon-oxygen double bond in an aldehyde or ketone.Advertisement
It shows characteristic ketone reactions, yielding a bisulphite compound and combining with hydrocyanic acid to form the nitrile of a-oxyisosuccinic acid.
Succinosuccinic ester behaves both as a ketone and as a phenol, thereby exhibiting desmotropy; assuming the ketone formula as indicating the constitution, then in Baeyer's equation we have a migration of a hydrogen atom, whereas to bring Ladenburg's formula into line, an oxygen atom must migrate.
If you do not fall into either of these groups, your body should keep ketone production efficient.
The body converts fats into ketone bodies which will result in ketosis, a potentially life threatening problem.
Higher ketone levels typically result in a reduction of seizures.
According to Diabetes.org, ketoacidosis occurs when too much ketone bodies are produced, causing low levels of insulin.
When fat is converted to ATP, one of the byproducts of this metabolic exchange is the ketone.
A healthy mix of lean proteins, whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and dairy can ensure your body does not experience a rise in ketone levels.
It also acts as a chromogenic centre when double bonds or ethylenic linkages are present, as in fluorene ketone or fluorenone.
By the direct action of hydroxylamine on a methyl alcohol solution of mesityl oxide in the presence of sodium methylate a hydr oxylamino - ketone, diacetone hydroxylamine, (CH 3) 2 C(Nhoh) CH20OCH3,is formed.