How to use Irritant in a sentence
The salt is a corrosive irritant poison when taken internally.
When salicin is taken internally no irritant action occurs, nor is there any antisepsis.
It possesses the advantage of exercising but little irritant effect upon the bowels.
The permanganate of potash is an irritant if used pure.
Colchicum or colchicine, when applied to the skin, acts as a powerful irritant, causing local pain and congestion.Advertisement
Salicylic acid is a powerful irritant when inhaled or swallowed in a concentrated form, and even when much diluted it causes pain, nausea and vomiting.
The term counterirritant is used when an irritant is applied to the skin for the purpose of relieving pain or congestion by dilating the superficial vessels.
Though ammonium chloride has certain irritant properties which may disorder the stomach, yet if its mucous membrane be depressed and atonic the drug may improve its condition, and it has been used with success in gastric and intestinal catarrhs of a subacute type and is given in doses of io grains half an hour before meals in painful dyspepsia due to hyperacidity.
For inflammation of the mouth a similar combination is used as a mouth wash, in the throat as a gargle, and in the nose as a wash and sometimes as an ointment or spray, the ointment possessing the advantage of protecting the delicate nasal mucous membrane from irritation by stopping the entrance of irritant dust into the nasal cavities.
It acts as a rubefacient, an irritant and a counter-irritant.Advertisement
In larger doses colchicum or colchicine acts as a most violent gastrointestinal irritant, causing terrible pain, colic,vomiting, diarrhoea, haemorrhage from the bowel, thirst and ultimately death from collapse.
By preventing fermentation in the intestine these also tend to prevent or check diarrhoea, and they may do good after the irritant has been removed by castor oil.
Quinine does not affect the unbroken skin, and cannot be absorbed from it, but it is slightly irritant to the pain-conducting nerves of a raw surface.
Given in toxic doses or in strong solution, sulphuric acid is a severe gastro-intestinal irritant, causing intense burning pain, extending from the mouth to the stomach, and vomiting of mucous and coffee-coloured material.
Acid preparations are more likely to do this, and the acid set free after the formation of the chloride may act as an irritant.Advertisement
It must not be used to check haemorrhage from the kidneys (haematuria) owing to its irritant action on those organs, but in haemoptysis (haemorrhage from the lungs) it is often an invaluable remedy.
On a mucous membrane or a delicate skin it exerts an irritant action, which occurs more quickly than on a thickened epidermis, such as the scalp, and according to the strength and period of application there may result redness, a blister, or an ulcer.
Members of the genus allium have often been reported to have irritant and allergenic properties on skin contact.
Strategically, the existence of an Iraq which is not beholden to America is an irritant which cannot be allowed to long continue.
The most frequent adverse effect is an irritant contact dermatitis.Advertisement
An irritant dermatitis is most likely to occur on the hands.
In the end, sexual exploitation was a minor irritant in this story.
Leaves can be skin irritant and or make skin hypersensitive to sunlight.
When taken internally it is both a secretory and an excretory cholagogue, but so irritant and powerful that its use in cases of jaundice is generally undesirable.
If it be absorbed from a surgical dressing there are no irritant symptoms, but when the acid is swallowed in concentrated form, symptoms of gastro-intestinal irritation occur.Advertisement
If it be rubbed in or evaporation be prevented, it acts, like alcohol and chloroform, as an irritant.
The irritant may be chemical, as is seen in the skin cancers that develop in workers in paraffin, petroleum, arsenic and aniline.
In the same way itching is often caused by the presence of insects or other irritants upon the skin, and it tends reflexly to cause rubbing, which is useful by removing the irritant.
After the irritant has been removed and fermentation stopped, the irritation still remaining in the intestinal wall may be soothed by chalk mixture and bismuth, to which if necessary small quantities of opium may be added.
Summed up, its action is that of an irritant, and a cardiac and nervous depressant.
In some abdominal conditions, for instance, opium is still preferred by the majority of practitioners, though certainly not in gastric cases, where morphine gives the relief for which opium often increases the need, owing to the irritant action of some of its constituents.
The hypophosphites have been recommended in pulmonary affections, being said to act as free phosphorus without being irritant, and the glycero-phosphates are certainly useful to stimulate metabolism.
For external use, sulphuric acid is a powerful irritant and caustic, acting by its powerful affinity for water and therefore dehydrating the tissues and causing them to turn black.
Their soluble salts combine with albumen and preserve it, strong solutions being extremely irritant or caustic, while weaker ones are astringent simply, or even soothing.
Vampires heal very quickly, but any foreign object had to be removed or it would be a constant irritant.
This condition can be prevented through avoiding the irritant.
Margaret Thatcher was still a minor irritant whose influence was limited to stealing milk from school children.
What is classed as a severe eye irritant by one observer may be dismissed as a mild irritant by another.
Then he admitted the failure to translate promising field positions into points was a constant irritant to his team.
The dried bark from this species has been applied as a counter irritant (Morton 1977 ).
Lung toxins Some of the toxins present in smoke are highly irritant or directly toxic to the bronchial mucosa causing airway inflammation.
The oil from the bark smells like the spice and is a very strong skin irritant and should never be used on the skin.
Ozone is a lung irritant emitted from many air cleaners in the market that can trigger allergy reactions, even in small amounts.
Warfarin is not known to be an eye irritant.
Acute irritant symptoms from the inhalation of ETS are common, the most frequent being eye irritation.
Bubble baths and soaps should be avoided as they remove the natural lipids from the surface of the skin and can be an irritant.
Virus such as distemper or parvo, irritant poisons, food poisoning or dietary allergies are the most common causes of diarrhea.
The report focuses on nitrogen trichloride as being the cause of the irritant to the lungs.
In theory, this may help to reduce irritant contact dermatitis from repeated hand washing.
Many points in the development and mechanism of the nematocyst are disputed, but it is tolerably certain (I) that the cnidocil is of sensory nature, and that stimulation, by contact with prey or in other ways, causes a reflex discharge of the nematocyst; (2) that the discharge is an explosive change whereby the in-turned thread is suddenly everted and turned inside out, being thus shot through the opening in the outer wall of the capsule, and forced violently into the tissues of the prey, or, it may be, of an enemy; (3) that the thread inflicts not merely a mechanical wound, but instils an irritant poison, numbing and paralysing in its action.
Scaling or redness sometimes associated with an itch following the repeated use of a cosmetic can be an irritant effect.
The fruit has a rubefacient effect (Watt and Breyer-Brandwijk 1962) and is irritant to the nose and eyes (Burkill 1935).
Many members of the Spurge family are poisonous, or irritant in various degrees.
Some of these have marked irritant properties and some 60 are known or suspected carcinogens (cancer causing substances).
This irritant effect is a component of the classical syndrome known as " tulip fingers ".
They are created by planting a small irritant in an oyster's shell and forcing the oyster to create a pearl.
A torn lining is a great irritant and will trouble you no end.
The dry dust stirred up and carried into the atmosphere can become an irritant.
Persons with ulcers or certain kinds of gastrointestinal disorders should not take turmeric as it is a spice and may act as an irritant.
Bismuth Oxychloride is a skin irritant which also makes the skin look heavy and shiny.
Perfect for those with sensitive skin, the Bare Escentuals brand has become synonymous with the ideas of innovative beauty without a single skin irritant.
I have sensitive eyes with contact lenses that cling onto every little flake and irritant, so an eye shadow that knows what it's doing is important to me.
When someone or something is triggering anger, put some space between yourself and the irritant.
Both a cultured pearl and a natural pearl form inside of an oyster as the result of a foreign object, which becomes an irritant, getting lodged inside the body of the mollusk.
In the case of a natural pearl the irritant may be a grain of sand, a parasite or tiny pebble.
In a cultured pearl the irritant, usually a tiny piece of polished shell, is implanted inside the oyster by the pearl farmer.
As a defense against the irritant, the oyster's body secrets a substance called nacre which coats the irritant.
As long as the irritant remains inside the oyster, the oyster keeps producing layers around it.
Stimulant and irritant laxatives increase the peristaltic movement of the intestine.
Most rashes that have an acute cause, such as an infection or an allergic reaction, will disappear as soon as the infection or irritant is removed from the body's system.
It is most often due to bacterial infection, but can also be caused by a chemical irritant (such as spillage of acid from the stomach or bile from the gall bladder).
While people can generally cough voluntarily, a true cough is usually a reflex triggered when an irritant stimulates one or more of the cough receptors found at different points in the respiratory system.
In the majority of cases, frequent coughing lasts one to two weeks and tapers off as the irritant or infection subsides.
If a cough lasts more than three weeks it is considered a chronic cough, and physicians try to determine a cause beyond an acute infection or irritant.
There are two major categories of contact dermatitis, irritant and allergic.
Irritant dermatitis is essentially a direct injury to the skin, caused by such compounds as acids, alkalis, phenol, and detergents.
The immune system is not involved in irritant dermatitis, and the person's skin is damaged without prior sensitization.
Photo contact dermatitis may be either irritant or allergic.
In general, allergic contact dermatitis is more severe and acute in its onset than irritant contact dermatitis.
In irritant contact dermatitis, the rash is usually limited to the area that was exposed to the substance, whereas in allergic contact dermatitis, the rash often spreads beyond the area directly exposed to the allergen.
Irritant contact dermatitis most commonly affects the hands, while allergic contact dermatitis may be found on almost any part of the body, including the armpits and genitals.
Allergic contact dermatitis is more likely to involve swelling of the skin and the development of small fluid-filled blisters than irritant contact dermatitis.
If the substance that was applied to the skin was changed to an irritant by light exposure, the primary symptom is a burning sensation resembling sunburn.
With regard to sex, girls are twice as likely as boys to develop both irritant and allergic skin reactions.
Irritant contact dermatitis (ICD) is the more commonly reported of the two kinds of contact dermatitis, and is seen in about 80 percent of cases.
A common form of irritant contact dermatitis in infants is diaper rash, which develops when the protective epidermal layer of the baby's skin is damaged by long periods of contact with fecal matter and urine.
It can often be treated at home once the irritant or allergen has been identified.
Individuals cannot voluntarily produce symptoms of VCD, so they are usually exposed to an irritant or undergo an exercise stress test in order to bring on a VCD attack.
Because avoiding (or at least minimizing) exposure is the most effective way of treating asthma, it is vital to identify the allergen or irritant that is causing symptoms in a particular child.
Severe episodes, which are less common, may be seen when the patient has a viral respiratory tract infection or is exposed to a heavy load of an allergen or irritant.
Dermatitis may arise from an allergic response (such as from poison ivy) or exposure to an irritant causing nonimmune damage to skin cells (such as soap, cold, and chemical agents).
Contact dermatitis usually does not spread from one person to another, nor does it spread beyond the area exposed to the irritant unless affected skin comes into contact with another part of the body.
The doctor may scrape off a small piece of affected skin for microscopic examination or direct the person to discontinue use of any potential irritant that has recently come into contact with the affected area.
If the origin of the irritation has still not been identified, a dermatologist may perform one or more patch tests, which involves dabbing a small amount of a suspected irritant onto skin on the person's back.
The process continues until the person experiences an allergic reaction at the spot where the irritant was applied.
If the irritant cannot be avoided completely, the person should wear gloves and other protective clothing whenever exposure is likely to occur.
External vaginal itching without discharge can be difficult to understand but a simple irritant can cause it.
This potential irritant typically causes external vaginal itching with no discharge.
Ozone can cause lung and throat problems since it is an irritant.
Your date's habitual scratching could be due to having an irritant on her face like a cosmetic, cream or other product.
These oysters frequently reject the initial irritant needed to form the pearl, making them even harder to cultivate and subsequently much rarer.
All pearls are layered with nacre, the gradually thickening coating that covers the initial irritant to form the pearl, and nacre is the same material as the oyster's shell, creating an opalescent sheen known as "mother of pearl."
Like many celiac disease patients, your body will respond quickly to the removal of the dietary irritant.
However, other customers view this form of advertising as spam, and it's a far greater irritant than receiving a coupon in the mail or a pop-up on a Web site.
Once the irritant has been removed or the infection has been treated, your prognosis for full recovery is generally quite good.
They also protect your skin from itchy fabric, acting as a barrier between your skin and the irritant.
According to MedlinePlus, a service of the National Library of Medicine and the National Institute of Health, the most common type is irritant dermatitis.
It should go away when you avoid the irritant.
Dermatitis is an inflammation of the skin, and contact dermatitis is caused by direct contact with a skin irritant.
Hives are the result of an allergic reaction, most commonly to a food, medication or irritant.
This condition occurs after an individual comes in contact with an allergen or general irritant.
Thus irritation of the eye causes winking and secretion of tears, by which the irritant is removed; irritation of the nose causes sneezing; of the air-passages, coughing; of the stomach, vomiting; and of the intestines, diarrhoea.
After the irritant has been removed either from the stomach or intestine, a feeling of irritation of the mucous membrane may remain, and sickness, diarrhoea or pain may continue in the stomach and intestine although the irritant is no longer present within them, just as the flow of tears and desire to rub may remain in the eye after the piece of grit which has occasioned it may have been removed.
The condition which remains after the irritant has been removed is one of inflammation more or less intense.
Mercury and lead are absorbed from the bowel in considerable quantities, and are capable of inducing acute irritant poisoning as well as chronic poisoning.
When taken by the mouth phosphorus is an irritant poison in large doses; in small doses the only effects noticeable consist in an increased formation of bony and connective tissue, although it is also supposed to exert a gently stimulating effect upon the nervous system.
Locally they are all three strongly irritant or caustic, owing to their chemical action on albumen.