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ionic

ionic

ionic Sentence Examples

  • The almost total absence from Homer not only of "Dorians " but of " Ionians " and even of " Hellenes "leads to the conclusion that the diagrammatic genealogy of the " sons of Hellen " is of post-Homeric date; and that it originated as an attempt to classify the Doric, Ionic and Aeolic groups of Hellenic settlements on the west coast of Asia Minor, for here alone do the three names correspond to territorial, linguistic and political divisions.

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  • Of late years many observations have been made of the ionic charges in air.

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  • Like the temple at Phigalia, it combined the forms of all three orders - Doric, Ionic and Corinthian.

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  • The statement of Herodotus is illustrated both by Attic vase-paintings and also by the series of archaic female statues from the Acropolis of Athens, which (with the exception of one clothed in the Doric irk-Nos) wear the Ionic chiton, together with an outer garment, sometimes laid over both shoulders like a cloak (Greek Art,, fig.

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  • The statement of Herodotus is illustrated both by Attic vase-paintings and also by the series of archaic female statues from the Acropolis of Athens, which (with the exception of one clothed in the Doric irk-Nos) wear the Ionic chiton, together with an outer garment, sometimes laid over both shoulders like a cloak (Greek Art,, fig.

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  • It consisted of a large open rectangular space surrounded by an Ionic colonnade into which opened a number of shops or storehouses.

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  • An application of the theory of ionic velocity due to W.

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  • On a parapet at the rear of each chamber a single slender Ionic column between two antae supported an Ionic entablature.

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  • An application of the theory of ionic velocity due to W.

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  • Although of Dorian stock, he wrote in the Ionic dialect, like all the physiologi (physical philosophers).

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  • Although of Dorian stock, he wrote in the Ionic dialect, like all the physiologi (physical philosophers).

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  • The present structure, which dates from 1347, has its Gothic character disguised by a classical facade with Ionic pillars and much tasteless modernization.

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  • A small Ionic temple of marble with two caryatids between antae stood on this substructure.

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  • In 494, when the defeated Ionians were obliged to sue for terms, he was one of the ambassadors to the Persian satrap Artaphernes, whom he persuaded to restore the constitution of the Ionic cities (Diod.

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  • A small Ionic temple of marble with two caryatids between antae stood on this substructure.

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  • To appreciate the significance of the doctrines of Heraclitus, it must be borne in mind that to Greek philosophy the sharp distinction between subject and object which pervades modern thought was foreign, a consideration which suggests the conclusion that, while it is a great mistake to reckon Heraclitus with the materialistic cosmologists of the Ionic schools, it is, on the other hand, going too far to treat his theory, with Hegel and Lassalle, as one of pure Panlogism.

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  • The form C which it takes in the alphabets of Naxos, Delos and other Ionic islands at the same period is difficult to explain.

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  • An Ionic capital found here possibly belonged to the palaestra.

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  • The eastern gate was adorned with four Ionic columns on the outside and two on the inside, the.

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  • The verification of Kohlrausch's theory of ionic velocity verifies also the view of electrolysis which regards the electric current as due to streams of ions moving in opposite directions through the liquid and carrying their opposite electric charges with them.

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  • Here too was placed the curious column, with many flutes and an Ionic capital, on which stood the colossal sphinx, dedicated by the Naxians, that has been pieced together and placed in the museum.

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  • There Seems A Fairly Well Marked Annual Variation In Ionic Contents, As The Following Figures Will Show.

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  • At the eastern end of the Acropolis a little circular temple of white marble with a peristyle of 9 Ionic columns was dedicated to Rome and Augustus; its foundations were discovered during the excavations of 1885-1888.

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  • 12.53), comparing these writers with the old Ionic logographers, says that they paid no attention to ornament, and considered the only merits of a writer to be intelligibility and conciseness.

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  • wide, built of granite and white limestone in the Italian Renaissance style, with 70 large Ionic columns, and a dome 205 ft.

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  • At the other end of the great hall is a similar portico facing outwards; and between this and the doors the hall is divided into three aisles by rows of Ionic columns.

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  • The Stoa consisted of a series of 21 chambers, probably shops, faced by a double colonnade, the outer columns being of the Doric order, the inner unfluted, with lotus-leaf capitals; it possessed an upper storey fronted with Ionic columns.

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  • For the symbol which was used at Ephesus and other places in Asia Minor and elsewhere for the sound represented by -aa- in Ionic Greek, by -TT- in Attic, see ALPHABET.

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  • Thus, the ratio of the losses at the two ends is two to one - the same as the ratio of the assumed ionic velocities.

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  • There is reason to believe that in certain cases such complex ions do exist, and interfere with the results of the differing ionic velocities.

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  • Now Hittorf's transport number, in the case of simple salts in moderately dilute solution, gives us the ratio between the two ionic velocities.

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  • Let x be the number of molecules which dissociate per second when the number of undissociated molecules in unit volume is unity, then in a dilute solution where the molecules do not interfere with each other, xp is the number when the concentration is p. Recombination can only occur when two ions meet, and since the frequency with which this will happen is, in dilute solution, proportional to the square of the ionic concentration, we shall get for the number of molecules re-formed in one second ye where q is the number of dissociated molecules in one cubic centimetre.

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  • The influence of temperature on the conductivity of solutions depends on (I) the ionization, and (2) the frictional resistance of the liquid to the passage of the ions, the reciprocal of which is called the ionic fluidity.

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  • ERECHTHEUM, a temple (commonly called after Erechtheus, to whom a portion of it was dedicated) on the acropolis at Athens, unique in plan, and in its execution the most refined example of the Ionic order.

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  • The west end was formed by a wall, on which stood four columns between antae; but the main entrance to this western compartment was through a large and very ornate doorway on the north; and a large Ionic portico, consisting of four columns in the front, and one in the return on each side, was placed in front of this door.

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  • But even here it seems impossible to deny some influence coming from the Aegean area, and Scythic beasts are very like certain products of Mycenaean and early Ionic art.

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  • The rise of speculative philosophy in Greece was coincident with the beginning of prose composition, and many of the earliest philosophers wrote in the prose of the Ionic dialect; others, however, and especially the writers of the Greek colonies in Italy and Sicily, expounded their systems in continuous poems composed in the epic hexameter.

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  • The duke of York's Column, Carlton House Terrace (1833), an Ionic pillar, is surmounted by a bronze statue by Sir Richard Westmacott.

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  • The great building in Bloomsbury (1828-1852) with its massive Ionic portico, houses the collections of antiquities, coins, books, manuscripts and drawings, and contains the reading-rooms for the use of readers.

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  • It is a square building with Ionic colonnades and a central dome, like an ancient temple, but curiously unlike a Roman villa.

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  • The Glyptothek, a building by Klenze in the Ionic style, and adorned with several groups and single statues, contains a valuable series of sculptures, extending from Assyrian and Egyptian monuments down to works by Thorwaldsen and other modern masters.

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  • The addition of an "Achaean " group, and the inclusion of this and the Ionic group under a single generic name, would naturally follow the recognition of the real kinship of the " Achaean " colonies of Magna Graecia with those of Ionia.

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  • But in proportion as an earlier date has become more probable for Homer, the hypothesis of Ionic origin has become less tenable, and the belief better founded (I) that the poems represent accurately a welldefined phase of culture in prehistoric Greece, and (2) that this " Homeric " or " Achaean " phase was closed by some such general catastrophe as is presumed by the legends.

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  • Pausanias asserts that the outer order was Ionic; but excavations have proved that it was Doric. The pedimental groups of the temple represented at the front, the hunt of the Calydonian boar, and, at the back, the battle of Achilles and Telephus.

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  • The agora is of unsymmetrical form; its sides are bordered by porticoes, interrupted by streets, like the primitive agora of Elis as described by Pausanias, and unlike the regular agoras of Ionic type.

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  • I by no means say in all his gifts, but only in some single point; as, for instance, the beauty of his language, or its harmony, or the natural and peculiar grace of the Ionic dialect, or his fulness of thought, or by whatever name those thousand beauties are called which to the despair of his imitator are united in him."

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  • Electrolytic or ionic dissociation is the separation of a substance in solution into ions.

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  • It is often untrustworthy: Stobaeus betrays a tendency to confound the dogmas of the early Ionic philosophers, and he occasionally mixes up Platonism with Pythagoreanism.

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  • It was thus not properly an Ionic city, and for this reason, apparently, was not included in the Ionian league, though superior in wealth and prosperity to most of the members except Ephesus and Miletus.

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  • It was an octostyle, pseudo-dipteral temple of highly ornate Ionic order, built on older foundations by Hermogenes of Alabanda at the end of the 3rd century B.C. The platform has been greatly overgrown since the excavation, but many bases, capitals, and other architectural members are visible.

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  • in diameter, is ornamented with 60 engaged Ionic columns.

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  • Remains of two small temples-one circular, with Corinthian columns, the other rectangular with Ionic columns-stand at the north-east extremity of the town, above the waterfalls.

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  • Sackville Street, which gains in appearance from its remarkable breadth, contains the principal hotels, and the post office, with a fine Ionic portico, founded in 1815.

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  • There are three fronts; the principal, towards College Green, is a colonnade of the Ionic order, with façade and two projecting wings; it connects with the western portico by a colonnade of the same order, forming the quadrant of a circle.

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  • The lofty church of the Augustinians in Thomas Street; St Mary's, the pro-cathedral, in Marlborough Street, with Grecian ornamentation within, and a Doric portico; St Paul's on Arran Quay, in the Ionic style; and the striking St Francis Xavier in Gardiner Street, also Ionic, are all noteworthy, and the last is one of the finest modern churches in Ireland.

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  • DEMARATUS (Doric faµ&paros, Ionic Anµ&pnros), king of Sparta of the Eurypontid line, successor of his father Ariston.

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  • The pteron consisted (according to Pliny) of thirty-six columns of the Ionic order, enclosing a square cella.

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  • Chalcis was peopled by an Ionic stock which early developed great industrial and colonizing activity.

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  • How great their commerce was is shown by the fact that the Euboic scale of weights and measures was in use at Athens (until Solon, q.v.) and among the Ionic cities generally.

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  • him from Stagira a Greek and Ionic but colonial origin, a medical descent and tendency, and a matter-of-fact worldly kind of character, nevertheless on coming to Athens as pupil of Plato he must have begun with his master's philosophy.

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  • KciOETOS, a perpendicular line), in architecture the eye of the volute, so termed because its position is determined, in an Ionic or voluted capital, by a line let down from the point in which the volute generates.

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  • Externally it is an Ionic peripteros, enclosing suites of rooms, large and small, grouped round a small interior Doric peristyle.

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  • The building consisted of a circular Ionic colonnade (of eighteen columns), about 15 metres in diameter, raised on three steps and enclosing a small circular cella, probably adorned with fourteen Corinthian half-columns.

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  • In front of it was a series of pedestals for votive offerings, including two colossal Ionic columns.

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  • The chief modern' buildings, such as the Athenaeum, with its Ionic facade and Byzantine dome, are principally on the quays and boulevards, and are constructed of stone.

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  • Berard, Les Phe'niciens et l'Odyssee (1902-1903), who regards the Odyssey as "the integration in a Greek voo-Tos (home-coming) of a Semitic periplus," in the form of a poem written 900-850 B.C. by an Ionic poet at the court of one of the Neleid kings of Miletus.

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  • All the three orders of Greek architecture - the Doric, Ionic and Corinthian - are found freely employed in the various edifices of the city, but rarely in strict accordance with the rules of art in their proportions and details; while the private houses naturally exhibit still more deviation and irregularity., In many of these indeed we find varieties in the ornamentation, and even in such leading features as the capitals of the columns, which remind one rather of the vagaries of medieval architecture than of the strict rules of Vitruvius or the regularity of Greek edifices.

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  • in antis, prostyle, peripteral, dipteral, hypaethral; c. 3 on inter-columniation - pycnostyle, systyle, eustyle, &c.; c. 4 on foundations, steps and stylobates; c. 5 on the Ionic order, its form and details.

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  • The subjects of its nine chapters are - (I) the Corinthian, Ionic and Doric orders; (2) the ornaments of capitals, ac.; (3) the Doric order; (4) proportions of the cella and pronaos; (5) sites of temples; (6) doorways of temples and their architraves; (7) the Etruscan or Tuscan order of temples; (8) circular temples; (9) altars.

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  • The small Ionic temple at Kardaki in Corfu was recleared in 1912.

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  • The city lay between a mountain (its acropolis) and the river Pactolus, and its site was marked by two great Ionic columns standing deep in earth.

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  • It is a 4th-century Greek building of rich Ionic style, and was still unfinished at the time of the earthquake, then cleared and partially rebuilt, and finally used as a water reservoir in the Byzantine period.

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  • The immense importance of Sinope in early times is abundantly attested, and we need not doubt that very intimate relations existed at this port between the Ionic colonists and the natives.

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  • They were written in Ionic and consist of long series of argument.

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  • On the other hand, no doubt Athens in 403 B.C. officially adopted the Ionic alphabet and gave up the old Attic alphabet.

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  • We have already seen that, in the earliest alphabets of Thera and Corinth, the ordinary symbol for E in the Ionic alphabet was used for.

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  • This usage brought in its train another - the use of J,/, not for as in Ionic, but for in the name A A EW A CO RA ='AX aybpa, and similarly in Melos,.

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  • But it is not probable that the Ionic and Phoenician developed independently from the closed form.

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  • The h-sound ceased at a very early period to exist in Ionic, and by 800 B.C. was ignored in writing.

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  • Centuries passed, however, before this symbol was generally adopted, Athens using only 0 for o, w and ov, the spurious diphthong, until the adoption of the whole Ionic alphabet in 403 B.C.'

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  • deep. It is simple but dignified; the principal exterior ornaments are an Ionic portico and a balustrade.

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  • wide; on the east front is a colonnade of thirty-eight Ionic columns, and on each of the other three sides is an Ionic portico.

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  • The longest is written in the Ionic dialect, and bears the name of Herodotus, but is certainly spurious.

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  • The incident shows that the poems of the Ionic Homer had gained in the 6th century B.C., and in the Doric parts of the Peloponnesus, the ascendancy, the national importance and the almost canonical character which they ever afterwards retained.

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  • But in the Ionic dialect the sound of died out soon after Homer's time, if indeed it was still pronounced then.

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  • This letter, however, died out earlier in Ionic than in most dialects, and there is no proof that the Homeric poems were ever written with it.

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  • It has been thought indeed that the Homeric dialect was a mixed one, mainly Ionic, but containing Aeolic and even Doric forms; this, however, is a mistaken view of the processes of language.

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  • There are doubtless many Homeric forms which were unknown to the later Ionic and Attic, and which are found in Aeolic or other dialects.

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  • In general, however, these are older forms, which must have existed in Ionic at one time, and may very well have belonged to the Ionic of Homer's time.

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  • the poems, which had originally worn an Aeolic dress, were transposed into Ionic. To this it is easily answered that such an event is not only unique in history, but contrary to all that we know of the Greek genius.

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  • If, however, as is the view of some of Fick's followers, the transposition took place several centuries earlier, before species of literature had appropriated particular dialects, then the linguistic facts upon which Fick relied to distinguish the " Aeolic " and " Ionic " elements in Homer disappear.

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  • We have no means of knowing what the Aeolic and Ionic of say the 9th century were, or if there were such dialects at all.

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  • Certain prominent historical differences between Aeolic and Ionic (the digamma and a) are known to be unoriginal.

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  • The nonDorian dialects, Ionic, Attic and the various forms of Aeolic, are regarded as relatively closely akin, and go by the common name " Achaean."

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  • The historical divergences of Achaean into Aeolian and Ionic were later than the Migration, and were due to the well-known effects of change of soil and air.

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  • While, on one hand, he combines much that had been suggested by Parmenides, Pythagoras and the Ionic schools, he has germs of truth that Plato and Aristotle afterwards developed; he is at once a firm believer in Orphic mysteries, and a scientific thinker, precursor of the physical scientists.

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  • It represents the Koppa of the earliest Greek alphabets surviving in that form of the Ionic alphabet, which ultimately superseded all others, merely as the numerical symbol for 90.

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  • (London, p. 95 (Ionic inscriptions of 5th century from Amathus).

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  • 8 The Greek cities, faring ill under Persia, and organized by Onesilaus of Salamis, joined the Ionic revolt in 500 B.C.; 9 but the Phoenician states, Citium and Amathus, remained loyal to Persia; the rising was soon put down; in 480 Cyprus furnished no less than 150 ships to the fleet of Xerxes; 1° and in spite of the repeated attempts of the Delian League to " liberate " the island, it remained subject to Persia during the 5th century."

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  • The site of the Forum has been discovered on the west side of the plateau; a statue of Tiberius, n.ow in the Vatican, and the twelve Ionic columns now decorating the colonnade on the W.

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  • 68) and the ancestor of a royal family called the Neleidae, who are historically traceable as the old ruling family in some of the Ionic states in Asia Minor.

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  • Mardonius, alone, after his suppression of the Ionic revoltwhich had originated with these very tyrantsmade an attempt to govern them by the assistance of the democracy (492 B.C.).

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  • Fragments of reliefsculptures belonging to the parapet and columns, and of fluted drums and capitals, cornices and other architectural members have been recovered, showing that the workmanship and Ionic style were of the highest excellence, and that the building presented a variety of ornament, rare among Hellenic temples.

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  • The fifth temple was once more of Ionic order, but the finish and style of its details as attested by existing remains were inferior to those of its predecessor.

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  • The Royal Institution of South Wales, founded in 1835, is housed in a handsome building in the Ionic style erected in1838-1839and possesses a museum in which the geology, mineralogy, botany and antiquities of the district are well represented, there being a fine collection of neolithic remains from the Gower Caves and from Merthyr Mawr.

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  • The island first appears in history as the seat of a great Ionic festival to which the various Ionic states, including Athens, were accustomed annually to despatch a sacred embassy, or Theoria, at the anniversary of the birth of the god on the 7th of Thargelion (about May).

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  • The high pedestal on which these figures stand is surrounded by an Ionic colonnade.

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  • Its portico supported by eighteen colossal Ionic columns is reached by a wide flight of steps.

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  • (to Castor and Pollux), were written in Ionic, as is stated in titles prefixed to them, though a number of Doric forms have been inserted by the scribes.

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  • The epics in general show a mixture of Homeric, Ionic and Doric forms. The Bucolics, Mimes, and the " Marriage-song of Helen" (xviii.) are in Doric, with occasional forms from other dialects.

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  • They wrote in the Ionic dialect, in what was called the unperiodic style, and preserved the poetic character of their epic model.

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  • Mention may also be made of the following: Hecataeus of Miletus (550-476); Acusilaus of Argos, 2 who paraphrased in prose (correcting the tradition where it seemed necessary) the genealogical works of Hesiod in the Ionic dialect; he confined his attention to the prehistoric period, and made no attempt at a real history; Charon of Lampsacus (c. 450), author of histories of Persia, Libya, and Ethiopia, of annals (a)pot) of his native town with lists of the prytaneis and archons, and of the chronicles of Lacedaemonian kings; Xanthus of Sardis in Lydia (c. 450), author of a history of Lydia, one of the chief authorities used by Nicolaus of Damascus (II.

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  • high, exhibiting the Doric, Ionic and Composite orders in its three storeys.

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  • In the Apollo Citharoedus or Musagetes in the Vatican, he is crowned with laurel and wears the long, flowing robe of the Ionic bard, and his form is almost feminine in its fulness; in a statue at Rome of the older and more vigorous type he is naked and holds a lyre in his left hand; his right arm rests upon his head, and a griffin is seated at his side.

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  • On the entablature surmounting the Ionic columns are panels containing medallions of Scots sovereigns from James I.

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  • The East and West churches of St Nicholas, their kirkyard separated from Union Street by an Ionic fa�e, 1472 ft.

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  • They include the custom house (1812) in the Grecian style; Trinity House (1817), also Grecian, containing Sir Henry Raeburn's portrait of Admiral Lord Duncan, David Scott's "Vasco da Gama Rounding the Cape" and other paintings; the markets (1818); the town hall (1828), with an Ionic façade on Constitution Street and a Doric porch on Charlotte Street; the corn exchange (1862) in the Roman style; the assembly rooms; exchange buildings; the public institute (1867) and Victoria public baths (1899).

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  • Henceforth Athens monopolized one of the two Ionian votes, while the other passed in rotation among the remaining Ionic, perhaps only among the Euboeic, cities.

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  • A few years later Gyges joined in the revolt against Assyria, and the Ionic and Carian mercenaries he despatched to Egypt enabled Psammetichus to make himself independent.

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  • It consisted of a narrow strip of land near the coast, which together with the adjacent islands was occupied by immigrant Greeks of the Ionic race, and thus distinguished from the interior district, inhabited by the Lydians.

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  • In accordance with this view the "Ionic migration," as it was called by later chronologers, was dated by them one hundred and forty years after the Trojan war, or sixty years after the return of the Heraclidae into the Peloponnese.

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  • Curtius supposed that the population of this part of Asia was aboriginally of Ionic race and that the settlers from Greece found the country in the possession of a kindred people.

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  • But like the Amphictyonic league in Greece, the Ionic was rather of a sacred than a political character; every city enjoyed absolute autonomy, and, though common interests often united them for a common political object, they never formed a real confederacy like that of the Achaeans or Boeotians.

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  • It has been thought that the Ionian migration from Greece carried with it some part of a population which retained the artistic traditions of the "Mycenaean" civilization, and so caused the birth of the Ionic school; but whether this was so or not, it is certain that from the 8th century onwards we find the true spirit of Hellenic art, stimulated by commercial intercourse with eastern civilizations, working out its development chiefly in Ionia and its neighbouring isles.

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  • Between N and 0 the Phoenician and the Ionic Greek alphabet have a sibilant - in Greek = x.

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  • In many varieties of the Greek alphabet this symbol was used, as it always was in Latin, for the long as well as the short o-sound and also for the long vowel (in the Ionic alphabet written ov) which arose from contraction of two vowels or the loss of a consonant (57jXoUTE=677XOere, o'lxovs = oircovs).

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  • As early as the 8th century Ionic Greek had invented a separate symbol for the long o-sound, viz.

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  • Do copper ions break down the ionic bonds between the polypeptide chains of egg albumen - thus causing it to denature?

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  • In the last lesson we saw that atoms can lose or gain electrons to form ionic bonds.

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  • The lost electron will be given to another element (see notes on ionic bonding ).

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  • Summary At room temperature, solid aluminum chloride has an ionic lattice with a lot of covalent character.

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  • coagulant activity in vitro than ionic media.

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  • colonnades of unfluted Ionic columns on both sides.

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  • Both of these temperatures, of course, are completely wrong for an ionic compound - they are much too low.

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  • You could measure conductivity of your PEG solution to get a clue how much ionic stuff is present.

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  • These results could re-open the discussion on the mechanism of ionic conductivity in these materials.

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  • Know that aqueous solutions of ionic compounds will also undergo electrolysis.

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  • Measurements of such order are usually made by diffraction techniques, which detect the ionic cores and the spins of the conduction electrons.

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  • Nature of problem: Inertial confinement fusion target explosions emit energy in the form of neutrons, X-rays, and ionic debris.

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  • insoluble in organic solvents This is also typical of ionic solids.

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  • ionic kosmotropes below Cl - having negligible effect.

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  • ionic conductivity in these materials.

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  • ionic radii taken from the Nuffield Advanced Science Book of Data.

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  • ionic lattice with a lot of covalent character.

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  • ionic liquids.

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  • Relate the color of an ionic compound to the color of an ionic compound to the color of an ionic compound to the color of its positive or negative ions.

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  • The material may also have a fully ionic structure, or the mobile ions may be in a covalent host structure.

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  • Magnesium chloride isn't quite as purely ionic as we sometimes pretend!

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  • They are white, insulating solids with negligible small electronic conductivities and the bonding is mainly ionic.

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  • That's what you would physically expect in a completely ionic system.

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  • Because of its small size, beryllium forms covalent bonds, not ionic ones.

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  • The main project has been the development of a software package, DL_POLY, which simulates ionic, polymeric and macromolecular systems.

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  • In the last lesson we saw that atoms can lose or gain electrons to form ionic bonds.

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  • Summary At room temperature, solid aluminum chloride has an ionic lattice with a lot of covalent character.

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  • QUILL was the first research center in the world to focus on the development of ionic liquids.

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  • Unlike ionic solids, metals are very malleable, they can be readily bent, pressed or hammered into shape.

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  • Heavy CO 2 saturated water descends through lighter formation water and carbonate minerals gradually precipitate driven by ionic equilibrium.

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  • They did not however see any differences in the intracellular ionic calcium levels with normal neutrophils.

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  • organometallic reactions in ionic liquids, and indeed in dispensing with the use of solvents and reaction media in general.

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  • The unfluted Ionic columns rise from the ground floor and carry a pediment.

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  • The gateway has ionic pilasters; above is a large arched window with very unusual decoration.

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  • He set about the last major building campaign adding a huge Ionic portico to the entrance front.

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  • The plain facade is broken only with is a large ionic portico with four large columns on the entrance front.

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  • But perhaps the greatest external change, completely altering the entrance, was the addition of eight massive ionic columns forming the grand portico.

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  • portico in the front is of the Ionic order.

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  • Atomic and ionic radius increase down both groups as can be predicted from the increasing number of shells.

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  • Room temperature ionic liquids are liquids which consist solely of ions, e.g. molten sodium chloride.

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  • Effects of other solutes: ionic Ions generally have an effect on the structure of water like increased temperature or pressure.

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  • Increasing ionic strength and reducing pH both decrease the viscosity as they cause the polymer to become more coiled.

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  • Of late years many observations have been made of the ionic charges in air.

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  • For the ratio of the mean value of I + to the mean value of I_, the Letter Q Is Employed By Gockel (55), Who Has Made An Unusually Complete Study Of Ionic Charges At Freiburg.

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  • There Seems A Fairly Well Marked Annual Variation In Ionic Contents, As The Following Figures Will Show.

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  • The charge on an ion being 3.4 X 1010 Mache deduces for the ionic charge, I + or I_, per cubic metre 1800X3'4 X 10 -1 ° X Io 6, or o 6.

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  • 142) and the dialect of Attica differed widely from all other forms of Ionic. Earlier phases of Ionic forms are dominant in the language of Homer.

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  • Smyth, The Ionic Dialect (1889).

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  • Just outside the south wall is a Roman necropolis, with massive tombs in masonry, and a Christian catacomb, and a little farther south a tomb in two stories, a mixture of Doric and Ionic architecture, belonging probably to the 2nd century B.C., though groundlessly called Dimensions in English feet.

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  • 12.53), comparing these writers with the old Ionic logographers, says that they paid no attention to ornament, and considered the only merits of a writer to be intelligibility and conciseness.

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  • wide, built of granite and white limestone in the Italian Renaissance style, with 70 large Ionic columns, and a dome 205 ft.

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  • At the other end of the great hall is a similar portico facing outwards; and between this and the doors the hall is divided into three aisles by rows of Ionic columns.

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  • The four Ionic tribes at Athens seem to have answered very closely to the three patrician tribes at Rome; but the Athenian demos grew up in a different way from the Roman plebs.

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  • To appreciate the significance of the doctrines of Heraclitus, it must be borne in mind that to Greek philosophy the sharp distinction between subject and object which pervades modern thought was foreign, a consideration which suggests the conclusion that, while it is a great mistake to reckon Heraclitus with the materialistic cosmologists of the Ionic schools, it is, on the other hand, going too far to treat his theory, with Hegel and Lassalle, as one of pure Panlogism.

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  • Aidin), which also had an Ionic population, though it never belonged to the Ionic confederacy (see Tralles).

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  • So far back as 1850 he also suggested a view which, in a modified form, is of fundamental importance in the modern theory of ionic dissociation, for, in a paper on the theory of the formation of ether, he urged that in an aggregate of molecules of any compound there is an exchange constantly going on between the elements which are contained in it; for instance, in hydrochloric acid each atom of hydrogen does not remain quietly in juxtaposition with the atom of chlorine with which it first united, but changes places with other atoms of hydrogen.

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  • The form C which it takes in the alphabets of Naxos, Delos and other Ionic islands at the same period is difficult to explain.

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  • The present structure, which dates from 1347, has its Gothic character disguised by a classical facade with Ionic pillars and much tasteless modernization.

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  • The remains of a small Ionic temple which were standing by the I]issus in the time of Stuart have disappeared.

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  • An Ionic capital found here possibly belonged to the palaestra.

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  • The Stoa consisted of a series of 21 chambers, probably shops, faced by a double colonnade, the outer columns being of the Doric order, the inner unfluted, with lotus-leaf capitals; it possessed an upper storey fronted with Ionic columns.

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  • It consisted of a large open rectangular space surrounded by an Ionic colonnade into which opened a number of shops or storehouses.

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  • The eastern gate was adorned with four Ionic columns on the outside and two on the inside, the.

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  • At the eastern end of the Acropolis a little circular temple of white marble with a peristyle of 9 Ionic columns was dedicated to Rome and Augustus; its foundations were discovered during the excavations of 1885-1888.

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  • The Academy, from designs by Theophil Hansen (1813-1891), is constructed of Pentelic marble in the Ionic style: the colonnades and pediments are richly coloured and gilded, and may perhaps convey some idea of the ancient style of decoration.

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  • For the symbol which was used at Ephesus and other places in Asia Minor and elsewhere for the sound represented by -aa- in Ionic Greek, by -TT- in Attic, see ALPHABET.

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  • Thus, the ratio of the losses at the two ends is two to one - the same as the ratio of the assumed ionic velocities.

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  • There is reason to believe that in certain cases such complex ions do exist, and interfere with the results of the differing ionic velocities.

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  • On the theory that the phenomena are wholly due to unequal ionic velocities this result would mean that the cation like the anion moved against the conventional direction of the current.

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  • This conclusion is confirmed by the results of the direct visual determination of ionic velocities (see Conduction, Electric, § Ii.), which, in cases where the transport number remains constant, agree with the values calculated from those numbers.

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  • Now Hittorf's transport number, in the case of simple salts in moderately dilute solution, gives us the ratio between the two ionic velocities.

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  • The verification of Kohlrausch's theory of ionic velocity verifies also the view of electrolysis which regards the electric current as due to streams of ions moving in opposite directions through the liquid and carrying their opposite electric charges with them.

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  • Let x be the number of molecules which dissociate per second when the number of undissociated molecules in unit volume is unity, then in a dilute solution where the molecules do not interfere with each other, xp is the number when the concentration is p. Recombination can only occur when two ions meet, and since the frequency with which this will happen is, in dilute solution, proportional to the square of the ionic concentration, we shall get for the number of molecules re-formed in one second ye where q is the number of dissociated molecules in one cubic centimetre.

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  • The influence of temperature on the conductivity of solutions depends on (I) the ionization, and (2) the frictional resistance of the liquid to the passage of the ions, the reciprocal of which is called the ionic fluidity.

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  • In addition to the works above mentioned, Fellows published the following: The Xanthian Marbles; their Acquisition and Transmission to England (1843), a refutation of false statements that had been published; An Account of the Ionic Trophy Monument excavated at Xanthus (1848); a cheap edition of his two Journals, entitled Travels and Researches in Asia Minor, particularly in the Province of Lycia (1852); and Coins of Ancient Lycia before the Reign of Alexander; with an Essay on the Relative Dates of the Lycian Monuments in the British Museum (1855).

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  • ERECHTHEUM, a temple (commonly called after Erechtheus, to whom a portion of it was dedicated) on the acropolis at Athens, unique in plan, and in its execution the most refined example of the Ionic order.

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  • The building as completed consisted of a temple of the ordinary type, opening by a door and two windows to the east front, before which stood a portico of six Ionic columns.

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  • The west end was formed by a wall, on which stood four columns between antae; but the main entrance to this western compartment was through a large and very ornate doorway on the north; and a large Ionic portico, consisting of four columns in the front, and one in the return on each side, was placed in front of this door.

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  • The Ionic order, as used in this temple, is of the most ornate Attic type.

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  • But even here it seems impossible to deny some influence coming from the Aegean area, and Scythic beasts are very like certain products of Mycenaean and early Ionic art.

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  • The rise of speculative philosophy in Greece was coincident with the beginning of prose composition, and many of the earliest philosophers wrote in the prose of the Ionic dialect; others, however, and especially the writers of the Greek colonies in Italy and Sicily, expounded their systems in continuous poems composed in the epic hexameter.

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  • The duke of York's Column, Carlton House Terrace (1833), an Ionic pillar, is surmounted by a bronze statue by Sir Richard Westmacott.

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  • The oldest portion of the buildings, Ionic in style, was designed by Sir Robert Smirke and erected in 1829.

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  • The great building in Bloomsbury (1828-1852) with its massive Ionic portico, houses the collections of antiquities, coins, books, manuscripts and drawings, and contains the reading-rooms for the use of readers.

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  • It is a square building with Ionic colonnades and a central dome, like an ancient temple, but curiously unlike a Roman villa.

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  • The Glyptothek, a building by Klenze in the Ionic style, and adorned with several groups and single statues, contains a valuable series of sculptures, extending from Assyrian and Egyptian monuments down to works by Thorwaldsen and other modern masters.

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  • Other extant works of Arrian are: Indica, a description of India in the Ionic dialect, including the voyage of Nearchus, intended as a supplement to the Anabasis; Acies Contra Alanos, a fragment of importance for the knowledge of Roman military affairs; Periplus of the Euxine, an official account written (iii) for the emperor Hadrian; Tactica, attributed by some to Aelianus, who wrote in the reign of Trajan; Cynegeticus, a treatise on the chase, supplementing Xenophon's work on the same subject; the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea, attributed to him, is by a later compiler.

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  • The earliest Semitic records give its form as y or more frequently k or The form is found in the earliest inscriptions of Crete, Attica, Naxos and some other of the Ionic islands.

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  • After the Achaean cities had combined to destroy the Ionic Siris, and had founded Metapontum as a counterpoise to the Dorian Tarentum, there seems to have been little strife among the Italiotes.

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  • The almost total absence from Homer not only of "Dorians " but of " Ionians " and even of " Hellenes "leads to the conclusion that the diagrammatic genealogy of the " sons of Hellen " is of post-Homeric date; and that it originated as an attempt to classify the Doric, Ionic and Aeolic groups of Hellenic settlements on the west coast of Asia Minor, for here alone do the three names correspond to territorial, linguistic and political divisions.

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  • The addition of an "Achaean " group, and the inclusion of this and the Ionic group under a single generic name, would naturally follow the recognition of the real kinship of the " Achaean " colonies of Magna Graecia with those of Ionia.

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  • But in proportion as an earlier date has become more probable for Homer, the hypothesis of Ionic origin has become less tenable, and the belief better founded (I) that the poems represent accurately a welldefined phase of culture in prehistoric Greece, and (2) that this " Homeric " or " Achaean " phase was closed by some such general catastrophe as is presumed by the legends.

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  • in -µ€s; ice, for ecv; -ae -art =CI), but differ more among themselves than do the Ionic. Laconia with its colonies (including those in south Italy) form a clear group, in which -e and -o lengthen to -n and -w as in Aeolic. Corinth (with its Sicilian colonies), the Argolid towns, and the Asiatic Doris, form another group, in which -E and -o become -a and -ov as in Ionic. Connected with the latter (e.g.

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  • Arcadia, on the other hand, in the heart of Peloponnese, retained till a late date a quite different dialect, akin to the ancient dialect of Cyprus, and more remotely to Aeolic. This distribution makes it clear (r) that the Doric dialects of Peloponnese represent a superstratum, more recent than the speech of Arcadia; (2) that Laconia and its colonies preserve features alike, -n and -w which are common to southern Doric and Aeolic; (3) that those parts of " Dorian " Greece in which tradition makes the pre-Dorian population " Ionic," and in which the political structure shows that the conquered were less completely subjugated, exhibit the Ionic -a and -ov; (4) that as we go north, similar though more barbaric dialects extend far up the western side of central-northern Greece, and survive also locally in the highlands of south Thessaly; (5) that east of the watershed Aeolic has prevailed over the area which has legends of a Boeotian and Thessalian migration, and replaces Doric in the northern Doris.

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  • Here too was placed the curious column, with many flutes and an Ionic capital, on which stood the colossal sphinx, dedicated by the Naxians, that has been pieced together and placed in the museum.

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  • On a parapet at the rear of each chamber a single slender Ionic column between two antae supported an Ionic entablature.

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  • Like the temple at Phigalia, it combined the forms of all three orders - Doric, Ionic and Corinthian.

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  • Pausanias asserts that the outer order was Ionic; but excavations have proved that it was Doric. The pedimental groups of the temple represented at the front, the hunt of the Calydonian boar, and, at the back, the battle of Achilles and Telephus.

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  • In 494, when the defeated Ionians were obliged to sue for terms, he was one of the ambassadors to the Persian satrap Artaphernes, whom he persuaded to restore the constitution of the Ionic cities (Diod.

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  • Thus the diameter of the Roman Doric should be about one-eighth of the height, that of the Ionic one-ninth, and of the Corinthian one-tenth (see Order).

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  • SuIdas speaks of him as "Laconian or Milesian"; possibly he visited Miletus in his youth, where he became familiar with the Ionic elegy.

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  • They are mainly elegiac and in the Ionic dialect, written partly in praise of the Spartan constitution an King Theopompus (Ebvoµia), partly to stimulate the Spartan soldiers to deeds of heroism in the field (`T7roOi icacthe title is, however, later than Tyrtaeus).

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  • The agora is of unsymmetrical form; its sides are bordered by porticoes, interrupted by streets, like the primitive agora of Elis as described by Pausanias, and unlike the regular agoras of Ionic type.

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  • I by no means say in all his gifts, but only in some single point; as, for instance, the beauty of his language, or its harmony, or the natural and peculiar grace of the Ionic dialect, or his fulness of thought, or by whatever name those thousand beauties are called which to the despair of his imitator are united in him."

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  • Electrolytic or ionic dissociation is the separation of a substance in solution into ions (see Electrolysis; Solution).

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  • It is often untrustworthy: Stobaeus betrays a tendency to confound the dogmas of the early Ionic philosophers, and he occasionally mixes up Platonism with Pythagoreanism.

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  • It was thus not properly an Ionic city, and for this reason, apparently, was not included in the Ionian league, though superior in wealth and prosperity to most of the members except Ephesus and Miletus.

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  • It was an octostyle, pseudo-dipteral temple of highly ornate Ionic order, built on older foundations by Hermogenes of Alabanda at the end of the 3rd century B.C. The platform has been greatly overgrown since the excavation, but many bases, capitals, and other architectural members are visible.

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  • in diameter, is ornamented with 60 engaged Ionic columns.

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  • Remains of two small temples-one circular, with Corinthian columns, the other rectangular with Ionic columns-stand at the north-east extremity of the town, above the waterfalls.

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  • Sackville Street, which gains in appearance from its remarkable breadth, contains the principal hotels, and the post office, with a fine Ionic portico, founded in 1815.

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  • There are three fronts; the principal, towards College Green, is a colonnade of the Ionic order, with façade and two projecting wings; it connects with the western portico by a colonnade of the same order, forming the quadrant of a circle.

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  • The lofty church of the Augustinians in Thomas Street; St Mary's, the pro-cathedral, in Marlborough Street, with Grecian ornamentation within, and a Doric portico; St Paul's on Arran Quay, in the Ionic style; and the striking St Francis Xavier in Gardiner Street, also Ionic, are all noteworthy, and the last is one of the finest modern churches in Ireland.

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  • DEMARATUS (Doric faµ&paros, Ionic Anµ&pnros), king of Sparta of the Eurypontid line, successor of his father Ariston.

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  • The pteron consisted (according to Pliny) of thirty-six columns of the Ionic order, enclosing a square cella.

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  • Chalcis was peopled by an Ionic stock which early developed great industrial and colonizing activity.

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  • How great their commerce was is shown by the fact that the Euboic scale of weights and measures was in use at Athens (until Solon, q.v.) and among the Ionic cities generally.

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  • him from Stagira a Greek and Ionic but colonial origin, a medical descent and tendency, and a matter-of-fact worldly kind of character, nevertheless on coming to Athens as pupil of Plato he must have begun with his master's philosophy.

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  • KciOETOS, a perpendicular line), in architecture the eye of the volute, so termed because its position is determined, in an Ionic or voluted capital, by a line let down from the point in which the volute generates.

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  • Externally it is an Ionic peripteros, enclosing suites of rooms, large and small, grouped round a small interior Doric peristyle.

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  • The building consisted of a circular Ionic colonnade (of eighteen columns), about 15 metres in diameter, raised on three steps and enclosing a small circular cella, probably adorned with fourteen Corinthian half-columns.

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  • In front of it was a series of pedestals for votive offerings, including two colossal Ionic columns.

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  • The chief modern' buildings, such as the Athenaeum, with its Ionic facade and Byzantine dome, are principally on the quays and boulevards, and are constructed of stone.

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  • Berard, Les Phe'niciens et l'Odyssee (1902-1903), who regards the Odyssey as "the integration in a Greek voo-Tos (home-coming) of a Semitic periplus," in the form of a poem written 900-850 B.C. by an Ionic poet at the court of one of the Neleid kings of Miletus.

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  • All the three orders of Greek architecture - the Doric, Ionic and Corinthian - are found freely employed in the various edifices of the city, but rarely in strict accordance with the rules of art in their proportions and details; while the private houses naturally exhibit still more deviation and irregularity., In many of these indeed we find varieties in the ornamentation, and even in such leading features as the capitals of the columns, which remind one rather of the vagaries of medieval architecture than of the strict rules of Vitruvius or the regularity of Greek edifices.

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  • in antis, prostyle, peripteral, dipteral, hypaethral; c. 3 on inter-columniation - pycnostyle, systyle, eustyle, &c.; c. 4 on foundations, steps and stylobates; c. 5 on the Ionic order, its form and details.

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  • The subjects of its nine chapters are - (I) the Corinthian, Ionic and Doric orders; (2) the ornaments of capitals, ac.; (3) the Doric order; (4) proportions of the cella and pronaos; (5) sites of temples; (6) doorways of temples and their architraves; (7) the Etruscan or Tuscan order of temples; (8) circular temples; (9) altars.

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  • The gradual supersession of the old dialects by the Koine the common speech of the Greeks, a modification of the Attic idiom coloured by Ionic, was one obvious sign of the new order of things (see Greek Language).

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  • The small Ionic temple at Kardaki in Corfu was recleared in 1912.

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  • The city lay between a mountain (its acropolis) and the river Pactolus, and its site was marked by two great Ionic columns standing deep in earth.

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  • It is a 4th-century Greek building of rich Ionic style, and was still unfinished at the time of the earthquake, then cleared and partially rebuilt, and finally used as a water reservoir in the Byzantine period.

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  • The immense importance of Sinope in early times is abundantly attested, and we need not doubt that very intimate relations existed at this port between the Ionic colonists and the natives.

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  • 4 A striking fact in this connexion is the use of a very simple kind of Ionic capital in one early Phrygian monument, suggesting that the "protoIonic" column came to Greece over Phrygia.

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  • They were written in Ionic and consist of long series of argument.

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  • On the other hand, no doubt Athens in 403 B.C. officially adopted the Ionic alphabet and gave up the old Attic alphabet.

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  • We have already seen that, in the earliest alphabets of Thera and Corinth, the ordinary symbol for E in the Ionic alphabet was used for.

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  • This usage brought in its train another - the use of J,/, not for as in Ionic, but for in the name A A EW A CO RA ='AX aybpa, and similarly in Melos,.

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  • But it is not probable that the Ionic and Phoenician developed independently from the closed form.

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  • The h-sound ceased at a very early period to exist in Ionic, and by 800 B.C. was ignored in writing.

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  • Centuries passed, however, before this symbol was generally adopted, Athens using only 0 for o, w and ov, the spurious diphthong, until the adoption of the whole Ionic alphabet in 403 B.C.'

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  • deep. It is simple but dignified; the principal exterior ornaments are an Ionic portico and a balustrade.

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  • wide; on the east front is a colonnade of thirty-eight Ionic columns, and on each of the other three sides is an Ionic portico.

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  • The longest is written in the Ionic dialect, and bears the name of Herodotus, but is certainly spurious.

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  • The incident shows that the poems of the Ionic Homer had gained in the 6th century B.C., and in the Doric parts of the Peloponnesus, the ascendancy, the national importance and the almost canonical character which they ever afterwards retained.

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  • The passage shows, not merely that Homer was well known at Colophon in the time of Xenophanes, but also that the great advance in moral and religious ideas which forced Plato to banish Homer from his republic had made itself felt in the days of the early Ionic philosophers.

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  • But in the Ionic dialect the sound of died out soon after Homer's time, if indeed it was still pronounced then.

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  • This letter, however, died out earlier in Ionic than in most dialects, and there is no proof that the Homeric poems were ever written with it.

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  • The Homeric dialect has passed into New Ionic and Attic by gradual but ceaseless development of the same kind as that which brought about the change from Vedic to classical Sanskrit, or from old high German to the present dialects of Germany.

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  • It has been thought indeed that the Homeric dialect was a mixed one, mainly Ionic, but containing Aeolic and even Doric forms; this, however, is a mistaken view of the processes of language.

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  • There are doubtless many Homeric forms which were unknown to the later Ionic and Attic, and which are found in Aeolic or other dialects.

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  • In general, however, these are older forms, which must have existed in Ionic at one time, and may very well have belonged to the Ionic of Homer's time.

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  • the poems, which had originally worn an Aeolic dress, were transposed into Ionic. To this it is easily answered that such an event is not only unique in history, but contrary to all that we know of the Greek genius.

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  • If, however, as is the view of some of Fick's followers, the transposition took place several centuries earlier, before species of literature had appropriated particular dialects, then the linguistic facts upon which Fick relied to distinguish the " Aeolic " and " Ionic " elements in Homer disappear.

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  • We have no means of knowing what the Aeolic and Ionic of say the 9th century were, or if there were such dialects at all.

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  • Certain prominent historical differences between Aeolic and Ionic (the digamma and a) are known to be unoriginal.

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  • The nonDorian dialects, Ionic, Attic and the various forms of Aeolic, are regarded as relatively closely akin, and go by the common name " Achaean."

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  • The historical divergences of Achaean into Aeolian and Ionic were later than the Migration, and were due to the well-known effects of change of soil and air.

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  • While, on one hand, he combines much that had been suggested by Parmenides, Pythagoras and the Ionic schools, he has germs of truth that Plato and Aristotle afterwards developed; he is at once a firm believer in Orphic mysteries, and a scientific thinker, precursor of the physical scientists.

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  • It represents the Koppa of the earliest Greek alphabets surviving in that form of the Ionic alphabet, which ultimately superseded all others, merely as the numerical symbol for 90.

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  • (London, p. 95 (Ionic inscriptions of 5th century from Amathus).

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  • 8 The Greek cities, faring ill under Persia, and organized by Onesilaus of Salamis, joined the Ionic revolt in 500 B.C.; 9 but the Phoenician states, Citium and Amathus, remained loyal to Persia; the rising was soon put down; in 480 Cyprus furnished no less than 150 ships to the fleet of Xerxes; 1° and in spite of the repeated attempts of the Delian League to " liberate " the island, it remained subject to Persia during the 5th century."

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  • The site of the Forum has been discovered on the west side of the plateau; a statue of Tiberius, n.ow in the Vatican, and the twelve Ionic columns now decorating the colonnade on the W.

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  • 68) and the ancestor of a royal family called the Neleidae, who are historically traceable as the old ruling family in some of the Ionic states in Asia Minor.

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  • Mardonius, alone, after his suppression of the Ionic revoltwhich had originated with these very tyrantsmade an attempt to govern them by the assistance of the democracy (492 B.C.).

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  • Very little but its foundations was spared by later builders, and there is now no certain evidence of its architectural character; but it is very probable that it was the early temple in which the Ionic order is said to have been first used, after the colonists had made use of Doric in their earlier constructions (e.g.

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  • Fragments of reliefsculptures belonging to the parapet and columns, and of fluted drums and capitals, cornices and other architectural members have been recovered, showing that the workmanship and Ionic style were of the highest excellence, and that the building presented a variety of ornament, rare among Hellenic temples.

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  • The fifth temple was once more of Ionic order, but the finish and style of its details as attested by existing remains were inferior to those of its predecessor.

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  • The Royal Institution of South Wales, founded in 1835, is housed in a handsome building in the Ionic style erected in1838-1839and possesses a museum in which the geology, mineralogy, botany and antiquities of the district are well represented, there being a fine collection of neolithic remains from the Gower Caves and from Merthyr Mawr.

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  • The island first appears in history as the seat of a great Ionic festival to which the various Ionic states, including Athens, were accustomed annually to despatch a sacred embassy, or Theoria, at the anniversary of the birth of the god on the 7th of Thargelion (about May).

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  • The high pedestal on which these figures stand is surrounded by an Ionic colonnade.

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  • Its portico supported by eighteen colossal Ionic columns is reached by a wide flight of steps.

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  • (to Castor and Pollux), were written in Ionic, as is stated in titles prefixed to them, though a number of Doric forms have been inserted by the scribes.

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  • The epics in general show a mixture of Homeric, Ionic and Doric forms. The Bucolics, Mimes, and the " Marriage-song of Helen" (xviii.) are in Doric, with occasional forms from other dialects.

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  • They wrote in the Ionic dialect, in what was called the unperiodic style, and preserved the poetic character of their epic model.

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  • Mention may also be made of the following: Hecataeus of Miletus (550-476); Acusilaus of Argos, 2 who paraphrased in prose (correcting the tradition where it seemed necessary) the genealogical works of Hesiod in the Ionic dialect; he confined his attention to the prehistoric period, and made no attempt at a real history; Charon of Lampsacus (c. 450), author of histories of Persia, Libya, and Ethiopia, of annals (a)pot) of his native town with lists of the prytaneis and archons, and of the chronicles of Lacedaemonian kings; Xanthus of Sardis in Lydia (c. 450), author of a history of Lydia, one of the chief authorities used by Nicolaus of Damascus (II.

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  • high, exhibiting the Doric, Ionic and Composite orders in its three storeys.

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  • Of his treatises, On Leros, On Iphigeneia, On the Festivals of Dionysus, nothing remains; but numerous fragments of his genealogies of the gods and heroes, variously called `Iaropiac, FeveaXoyiac, Airrox06ves, in ten books, written in the Ionic dialect, have been preserved (see C. W.

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  • In the Apollo Citharoedus or Musagetes in the Vatican, he is crowned with laurel and wears the long, flowing robe of the Ionic bard, and his form is almost feminine in its fulness; in a statue at Rome of the older and more vigorous type he is naked and holds a lyre in his left hand; his right arm rests upon his head, and a griffin is seated at his side.

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  • On the entablature surmounting the Ionic columns are panels containing medallions of Scots sovereigns from James I.

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  • The East and West churches of St Nicholas, their kirkyard separated from Union Street by an Ionic fa�e, 1472 ft.

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  • They include the custom house (1812) in the Grecian style; Trinity House (1817), also Grecian, containing Sir Henry Raeburn's portrait of Admiral Lord Duncan, David Scott's "Vasco da Gama Rounding the Cape" and other paintings; the markets (1818); the town hall (1828), with an Ionic façade on Constitution Street and a Doric porch on Charlotte Street; the corn exchange (1862) in the Roman style; the assembly rooms; exchange buildings; the public institute (1867) and Victoria public baths (1899).

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  • Henceforth Athens monopolized one of the two Ionian votes, while the other passed in rotation among the remaining Ionic, perhaps only among the Euboeic, cities.

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  • A few years later Gyges joined in the revolt against Assyria, and the Ionic and Carian mercenaries he despatched to Egypt enabled Psammetichus to make himself independent.

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  • It consisted of a narrow strip of land near the coast, which together with the adjacent islands was occupied by immigrant Greeks of the Ionic race, and thus distinguished from the interior district, inhabited by the Lydians.

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  • According to the universal Greek tradition, the cities of Ionia were founded by emigrants from the other side of the Aegean (see Ionians), and their settlement was connected with the legendary history of the Ionic race in Attica, by the statement that the colonists were led by Neleus and Androclus, sons of Codrus, the last king of Athens.

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  • In accordance with this view the "Ionic migration," as it was called by later chronologers, was dated by them one hundred and forty years after the Trojan war, or sixty years after the return of the Heraclidae into the Peloponnese.

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  • Curtius supposed that the population of this part of Asia was aboriginally of Ionic race and that the settlers from Greece found the country in the possession of a kindred people.

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  • But like the Amphictyonic league in Greece, the Ionic was rather of a sacred than a political character; every city enjoyed absolute autonomy, and, though common interests often united them for a common political object, they never formed a real confederacy like that of the Achaeans or Boeotians.

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  • It has been thought that the Ionian migration from Greece carried with it some part of a population which retained the artistic traditions of the "Mycenaean" civilization, and so caused the birth of the Ionic school; but whether this was so or not, it is certain that from the 8th century onwards we find the true spirit of Hellenic art, stimulated by commercial intercourse with eastern civilizations, working out its development chiefly in Ionia and its neighbouring isles.

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  • Between N and 0 the Phoenician and the Ionic Greek alphabet have a sibilant - in Greek = x.

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  • In many varieties of the Greek alphabet this symbol was used, as it always was in Latin, for the long as well as the short o-sound and also for the long vowel (in the Ionic alphabet written ov) which arose from contraction of two vowels or the loss of a consonant (57jXoUTE=677XOere, o'lxovs = oircovs).

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  • As early as the 8th century Ionic Greek had invented a separate symbol for the long o-sound, viz.

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  • Atomic and ionic radius increase down both groups as can be predicted from the increasing number of shells.

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  • Room temperature ionic liquids are liquids which consist solely of ions, e.g. molten sodium chloride.

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  • Effects of other solutes: ionic Ions generally have an effect on the structure of water like increased temperature or pressure.

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  • Increasing ionic strength and reducing pH both decrease the viscosity as they cause the polymer to become more coiled.

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  • Zirconia Overview Zirconia is an ionic ceramic, zirconium oxide.

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  • Products are high-quality and include things like Ionic Air Purifiers, home massage chairs, digital photo frames, cool space-saving CD stereos, compact exercise machines, personal grooming devices, innovative kitchen tools and much more.

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  • Not only does the formula contain vitamins important to health, it also has a full spectrum of ionic trace minerals.

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  • The term ionic means that they have been given a molecular charge that allows the mineral to bond with water.

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  • You can dry your hair as you normally would, though an ionic hair dryer is best.

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  • Ionic air purifiers can be effective in removing particles the air, although the particles often remain on surfaces in the home environment.

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  • The American Lung Association and the EPA both recommend that consumers use HEPA air filters, rather than ionic filters.

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  • If you are looking for air breeze ionic purifier reviews, chances are that what you are seeking is information about the Sharper Image Air Purifier with Ionic Breeze technology.

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  • Ionic purifiers use different technology then typical purifiers, making them cutting edge cleaning equipment.

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  • Sharper Image invented ionic purifiers, which work differently than traditional air purifiers.

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  • Ionic purifiers do not have an internal fan that pushes the air through the filters; instead, they rely on an electrostatic system.

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  • The ionic purifiers by Sharper Image are tower units, meaning they stand vertically.

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  • Like most air purifiers, all the Ionic Purifiers work to clean rooms of dust and particles that cause allergies, bacteria and germs that can cause illness, and strong odors.

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  • There are positive and negative air breeze ionic purifier reviews.

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  • Also, the design of the ionic purifiers require that is stands upright, this can be disappointing for people who wished to place the device in a vertical position to keep it out of sight.

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  • As Sharper Image products tend to be higher end household small appliances, the cost of the Ionic Purifiers is a downside to some.

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  • The Ionic Breeze air purifiers seem to be highly reliable appliances if they are properly cared for an maintained.

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  • Ionic Purifiers can be purchased at Sharper Image stores across the nation.

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  • Are you interested in learning about potential problems with ionic HEPA air purifiers?

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  • Ionic air purifiers work differently than other types of air purifiers.

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  • The reason that ionic air purifiers with HEPA filters are ideal for people with allergies is because of this ionizing technology.

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  • Even though there are many benefits associated with using them, there are also several potential problems with ionic HEPA air purifiers.

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  • One of the most serious problems associated with ionic air purifiers is the production of ozone.

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  • Research ionic air purifiers carefully if you have concerns about ozone production.

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  • You need to place ionic air purifiers that contain a HEPA filter on a floor that is easy to clean.

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  • Many ionic purifiers do not have fans, which means they only affect the area immediately surrounding the purifier.

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  • The charged particles made by ionic air purifiers also have a tendency to settle on positively-charged surfaces.

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  • Proper care and maintenance can prevent many problems with ionic HEPA air purifiers.

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  • Three of the best air purifiers/ionizers include the Oreck XLTower Electrostatic Air Purifier, the Sharper Image Ionic Breeze, and the Ionic Pro Electronic Air Purifier.

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  • Sharper Image was one of the first companies to offer an air ionizer and the company's Ionic Breeze unit is still one of the most popular models on the market.

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  • Also unlike the Oreck XL, the Ionic Breeze does not have a fan and filter assembly so it doesn't purify the air, it simply ionizes it.

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  • On average, reviewers give the Ionic Breeze a rating of 4.25 out of 10.

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  • Positive reviews tend to focus on the Ionic Breeze's ability to remove foul odors while poor reviews mention that the appliance produces its own foul odor.

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  • Cost is also sometimes an issue, as like the Oreck XL, the Ionic Breeze is expensive.

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  • On a separate note, Sharper Image was forced to file for Chapter 11 Bankruptcy in 2008 largely due to litigation over the advertising of the company's Ionic Breeze product.

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  • The Ionic Pro electronic air purifier uses the exact same technology as the Ionic Breeze by Sharper Image, and in reality, if you remove the brand stickers, you'd have a difficult time telling them apart.

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  • But, one look at the price tag and you'll know which is which because the Ionic Pro costs over three hundred dollars less than Sharper Image's model.

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  • The average review for the Ionic Pro was also identical to the Ionic Breeze, at 4.25 out of 10.

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  • Are you considering an Ionic Wind air purifier?

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  • Ionic air purifiers have become a popular option in many homes.

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  • Ionic air purifiers can be used in any room of your house.

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  • An ionic air purifier works by removing pollutants such as dust, dander and pollen from the air in your home.

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  • Ionic air purifiers can be designed to run with or without a fan.

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  • One type of ionic air purifier is the Viatek Ionic Wind Plug-In Air Purifier.

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  • There have been numerous disputes about whether or not ionic technology can actually clean the air in your home.

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  • Those who do not believe in ionic technology say that the purifiers are not effective and that there are no benefits to having one in a room.

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  • If you are interested in the Ionic Wind air purifier there are several options to consider.

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  • Amazon.com is another excellent resource for purchasing new ionic air purifiers.

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  • Black ionic and 18 karat gold plating give the watch a unique look.

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  • Just outside the south wall is a Roman necropolis, with massive tombs in masonry, and a Christian catacomb, and a little farther south a tomb in two stories, a mixture of Doric and Ionic architecture, belonging probably to the 2nd century B.C., though groundlessly called Dimensions in English feet.

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  • The four Ionic tribes at Athens seem to have answered very closely to the three patrician tribes at Rome; but the Athenian demos grew up in a different way from the Roman plebs.

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  • The temple, which is entirely of Pentelic marble, the Acro- is amphiprostyle tetrastyle, with fluted Ionic columns, polls.

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  • The remains of a small Ionic temple which were standing by the I]issus in the time of Stuart have disappeared.

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  • On the theory that the phenomena are wholly due to unequal ionic velocities this result would mean that the cation like the anion moved against the conventional direction of the current.

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  • The building as completed consisted of a temple of the ordinary type, opening by a door and two windows to the east front, before which stood a portico of six Ionic columns.

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  • The Ionic order, as used in this temple, is of the most ornate Attic type.

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  • The oldest portion of the buildings, Ionic in style, was designed by Sir Robert Smirke and erected in 1829.

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  • The earliest Semitic records give its form as y or more frequently k or The form is found in the earliest inscriptions of Crete, Attica, Naxos and some other of the Ionic islands.

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  • After the Achaean cities had combined to destroy the Ionic Siris, and had founded Metapontum as a counterpoise to the Dorian Tarentum, there seems to have been little strife among the Italiotes.

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  • Arcadia, on the other hand, in the heart of Peloponnese, retained till a late date a quite different dialect, akin to the ancient dialect of Cyprus, and more remotely to Aeolic. This distribution makes it clear (r) that the Doric dialects of Peloponnese represent a superstratum, more recent than the speech of Arcadia; (2) that Laconia and its colonies preserve features alike, -n and -w which are common to southern Doric and Aeolic; (3) that those parts of " Dorian " Greece in which tradition makes the pre-Dorian population " Ionic," and in which the political structure shows that the conquered were less completely subjugated, exhibit the Ionic -a and -ov; (4) that as we go north, similar though more barbaric dialects extend far up the western side of central-northern Greece, and survive also locally in the highlands of south Thessaly; (5) that east of the watershed Aeolic has prevailed over the area which has legends of a Boeotian and Thessalian migration, and replaces Doric in the northern Doris.

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  • SuIdas speaks of him as "Laconian or Milesian"; possibly he visited Miletus in his youth, where he became familiar with the Ionic elegy.

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  • They are mainly elegiac and in the Ionic dialect, written partly in praise of the Spartan constitution an King Theopompus (Ebvoµia), partly to stimulate the Spartan soldiers to deeds of heroism in the field (`T7roOi icacthe title is, however, later than Tyrtaeus).

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  • The temple, which is entirely of Pentelic marble, the Acro- is amphiprostyle tetrastyle, with fluted Ionic columns, polls.

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