How to use Involuntary in a sentence
Lisa put shaking fingers to her mouth to silence an involuntary cry.
She took an involuntary step back into the hall.
According to him, then, attention, even involuntary attention, requires inner will; and all the functions imputed by Hume to association, as well as those imputed to understanding by Kant, require apperception, and therefore inner will.
The door is left wide open for involuntary euthanasia.
Common features include dystonia (an abnormality in muscle tone ), muscular rigidity, and sudden involuntary muscle spasms (spasticity ).Advertisement
It applies to any movement that is not involuntary.
It is supported by involuntary contributions, by tithe and tax " (Canon Law in the Church of England, p. loo).
Factors that induce involuntary automaticity include ambiguity, stress and fatigue, and lack of clear roles and responsibilities.
An involuntary bailee must not wrongfully dispose of the chattels or take any positive steps to damage or destroy them.
Minor shocks may also cause injury following involuntary muscle contraction.Advertisement
Except that in this case it will be an involuntary rumble from the baggage conveyor at Luton airport.
In a known drug user, sweating, involuntary sniffing and pupillary dilation are helpful physical signs of early withdrawal from opiates.
The slight involuntary flinch of her shoulders struck him with agonizing impact.
It is also critical to cementing a potentially fractious executive, with four parties thrown together in involuntary coalition.
Athetoid CP is characterized by involuntary writhing movements of the limbs and is usually caused by hypoxia of a shorter but more profound duration.Advertisement
For these reasons the House declined to create a new doctrine of involuntary intoxication.
The only really curious thing about his school life was that he had a weird and quite involuntary habit of getting French prizes.
Secondly, the supposedly involuntary processes should somehow or other be encouraged to do their job properly.
It was faith giving, and it was totally involuntary.
Evidence from Holland demonstrates that voluntary euthanasia leads to non-voluntary and even involuntary euthanasia.Advertisement
Urinary incontinence is the involuntary leakage of urine from the bladder.
The new offense of corporate killing is expected to be combined with wider reform on the law on involuntary manslaughter.
Whilst identifying several categories of individual at risk, they concluded that involuntary returnees to Sudan generally would not be in danger.
I was an involuntary spectator and auditor of whatever was done and said in the kitchen of the adjacent village-inn--a wholly new and rare experience to me.
It can evoke involuntary emotional responses.Advertisement
Athetosis-A condition marked by slow, writhing, involuntary muscle movements.
A particular type of involuntary movement, coupled with emotional instability, occurs in about 10 percent of all RF patients.
A number of medications are available to treat the involuntary movements of chorea, including diazepam for mild cases and haloperidol for more severe cases.
Slow-wave sleep (SWS)-Stage of deepest sleep characterized by absence of eye movements, decreased body temperature, and involuntary body movements.
Nystagmus is a condition in which there is involuntary and rhythmic movement or oscillation of the eye.Advertisement
It regulates involuntary actions the body must conduct to survive, such as breathing, swallowing, and blinking the eyes.
Involuntary sexual intercourse such as rape and sexual abuse may occur more commonly among adolescents, especially younger adolescent women, and often pose a potential risk for acquisition of STDs.
Encopresis is defined as repeated involuntary defecation somewhere other than a toilet by a child age four or older that continues for at least one month.
When a child is learning appropriate toilet habits during toddlerhood and preschool years, involuntary or inappropriate bowel movements are common.
Spinal cord or brain injury can damage this control system and cause involuntary simultaneous contraction and spasticity, an increase in resistance to movement during motion.Advertisement
Both the cerebellum and the motor cortex send information to a set of structures deep within the brain that help control involuntary components of movement (basal ganglia).
Freezing-inability to begin a movement or involuntary stopping of a movement before it is completed.
Psychogenic disorders-A variety of unusual, involuntary movements that occur in children with psychiatric disorders or in response to anxiety, stress, depression, anger, or grief.
Tourette syndrome-A neurological disorder characterized by multiple involuntary movements and uncontrollable vocalizations called tics that come and go over years, usually beginning in childhood and becoming chronic.
Nervous tic-A repetitive, involuntary action, such as the twitching of a muscle or repeated blinking.Advertisement
Myoclonic seizures are characterized by brief, involuntary spasms of the tongue or muscles of the face, arms, or legs.
Common examples of involuntary losses of a job include termination, lay-off, or business closure.
Expressions can sometimes be involuntary; many people have a difficult time hiding their true feelings about a specific topic, no matter how hard they try.
Nonverbal communication could be gestures, idiosyncratic movements, cultural habits, posture, involuntary physiological responses to stimuli, and "costumes and scenery."
Involuntary responses to stimuli can be something simple like scratching an arm because it itches or something much more subtle.Advertisement
People who cover their mouth or eyes while talking could be trying to cover up involuntary expressions.
Involuntary werewolves are rare, but there are stories of people that are werewolves by an accident of birth, or as a result of curse placed on them.
Most fictional werewolves are portrayed as involuntary werewolves.
Pranayama practice is based on the understanding that while breathing is an involuntary practice, how you breathe is voluntary and can affect both mind and body.
As the disorder progresses, children may lose the ability to control their hands - unable to move them with purpose or control involuntary hand motion.Advertisement
Even though respiration is an involuntary response, you can control it with conscious thought.
Your BMR is strictly composed of the number of calories needed for these types of involuntary systems and not the energy needed for physical activity.
Assurant offers renters with "Involuntary Unemployment Insurance" so that if there is a job loss, Assurant will continue to pay for two months of rent up to a maximum monthly limit.
Another menace is the Vidiians, a race blighted by a wasting illness, who would be worthy of pity if they didn't deal with their problem by involuntary organ harvesting.
The healing takes a toll on her, but is an involuntary side-effect of her nature.
Firstly, if virtue is knowledge, does it follow that vice is involuntary?
Looks like I'm on an involuntary one myself, Jule said with a warm chuckle.
Kidnapping, involuntary resurrectionâ€”these were not the foundations on which trust was built!
Her involuntary cringe stopped him for a second and the dark eyes reflected equal portions of shame and hurt.
But you are not in involuntary servitude to the powers of the commonplace and the terrible domination of the everyday.
These involuntary spasms of the vocal cords cause the voice to change in quality.
Some of the difference results from involuntary unemployment or involuntary early retirement, reflecting labor market distortions.
The second class of phenomena, which we may call the automatic, consists in table-tilting and turning with contact; writing, drawing, &c., through the medium's hand; convulsive movements and involuntary dancing; entrancement, trancespeaking, and personation by the medium of deceased persons attributed to temporary "possession" (q.v.); seeing spirits and visions and hearing phantom voices.
In the sacrificial system of sin-offerings (Jhattath and'asham) we have to do with sin as ceremonial violation and neglect (frequently involuntary), or violation of holiness in the old sense of the term or as personal uncleanness (touching a corpse, eating unclean food, sexual impurity, &c.).
The last-named statesman, at the first Continental Congress after the evacuation by the British forces, proposed a draft ordinance (March ist 1784) for the government of the North-West Territory, in which it was provided that "after the year 1800 there shall be neither slavery nor involuntary servitude in any of the said states, otherwise than in punishment of crime."
In 1584 the long-suffering earl of Shrewsbury was relieved of his fourteen years' charge through the involuntary good offices of his wife, whose daughter by her first husband had married a brother of Darnley; and their orphan child Arabella, born in England, of royal descent on the father's side, was now, in the hopeful view of her grandmother, a more plausible claimant than the king or queen of Scots to the inheritance of the English throne.
But later on, to fit what had occurred, the historians provided cunningly devised evidence of the foresight and genius of the generals who, of all the blind tools of history were the most enslaved and involuntary.
It seeks to make the offense of involuntary manslaughter clearer by defining two new offenses of reckless killing and killing by gross carelessness.
They can also cause involuntary twisting or writhing movements of the limbs or face called dyskinesias.
While this is a physical activity, it is strictly involuntary and results as a response from some type of stimulus.
When the nervous system suffers from a nutrient deficiency, the body's involuntary and voluntary mechanisms may suffer in both humans and animals.
These involuntary movements may be temporary or may be continuous.
Jackson's doctor, Conrad Murray, was charged with involuntary manslaughter.
A form of involuntary celebrity exposure is by a top slip or a skirt flip and maybe a few poor clothing choices.
A former Jackson doctor has pleaded not guilty to the charge of involuntary manslaughter.
Flip flopping between manslaughter and involuntary manslaughter, officials decided on the latter.
Legal experts around the country state that Murray is being charged with involuntary manslaughter as opposed to murder because he did not willfully or purposefully intend to cause the death of Michael Jackson.
Jackson had reportedly taken multiple prescription drugs for pain, but his personal physician was charged with involuntary manslaughter in 2010 with administering a fatal cocktail of drugs, which brought on cardiac arrest.
Murray is being charged with involuntary manslaughter, accused of prescribing the lethal drug cocktail that eventually killed the pop singer.
Autonomic Nervous System; The autonomic nervous system is the set of involuntary nerves that controls body functions such as respiration and heartbeat.
Whenever I wear the wolf shirt I have a lot less issues with involuntary urination.
Some involuntary muscle twitching is normal as a person falls asleep, and this type of jerking is called hypnagogic myoclonus.
Sudden muscle movements during sleep or while falling asleep may be frightening simply because they are involuntary and uncontrollable.
The primary symptom of RLS is the presence of involuntary movements that occur when the individual is at rest.
These painful cramps come without warning and are sudden, involuntary muscle contractions.
A muscle cramp is an involuntary contraction that cannot be controlled.
Periodic limb movement disorder involves involuntary muscle spasms but not the intense cramping sensation associated with nighttime leg cramps.
The condition involves impairment in the central nervous system that results in involuntary movements, often beginning with tremors and gradually evolving into movements that are more pronounced.
Many people have involuntary twitching when falling asleep or during a light sleep, and in most cases it is completely normal.
The terms hypnic jerk or involuntary myoclonic twitch is used to refer to the muscle twitch that sometimes happens in a muscle or group of muscles before falling asleep.
With heat cramps, muscle tissue becomes less flexible, causing pain, difficult movement, and involuntary tightness.
Complex vocal tics typically involve the involuntary expression of words.
Perhaps the most striking example of this is coprolalia, the involuntary expression of obscene or socially inappropriate words or phrases, which occurs in fewer than one-third of people with Tourette syndrome.
The involuntary echoing of the last word, phrase, sentence, or sound vocalized by oneself (phalilalia) or by another person or sound in the environment (echolalia) are also classified as complex tics.
It may be associated with involuntary muscle spasms, sustained muscle contractions (dystonia), and exaggerated deep tendon reflexes that make movement difficult or uncontrollable.
They may have a constant, involuntary movement of the eyeball called nystagmus.
There is no cure for involuntary eye movements (nystagmus), and treatments for focusing problems (surgery or contact lenses) are not effective in all cases.
Long term abuse of stimulants may result in permanent brain damage that causes involuntary, Parkinson-like movements.
Biofeedback-A training technique that enables an individual to gain some element of control over involuntary or automatic body functions.
In this way, true diarrhea is distinguished from diseases that cause only an increase in the number of bowel movements (hyperdefecation) or incontinence (involuntary loss of bowel contents).
Syncope is associated with low blood pressure, heart problems, and disorders in the autonomic nervous system, the system of involuntary functions such as breathing.
Autonomic nervous system-The part of the nervous system that controls so-called involuntary functions, such as heart rate, salivary gland secretion, respiratory function, and pupil dilation.
Symptoms include changes in personality, decreased intelligence with accompanying school problems, decreased coordination, involuntary jerks and movements of the body.
These typical reflexes are not learned; they are involuntary and necessary for survival.
Muscles that receive defective messages from the brain may be constantly contracted and tight (spastic), exhibit involuntary writhing movements (athetosis), or have difficulty with voluntary movement (dyskinesia).
Involuntary movements due to tics can be observed.
Breath holding spells are episodes of brief, involuntary cessations of breathing that occur in children in response to stimuli such as anger, frustration, fear, or injury.
A breath holding spell is an involuntary reflex because it follows exhalation rather than inhalation.
Periodic limb movement disorder-A disorder characterized by involuntary flexion of leg muscles, causing twitching and leg extension or kicking during sleep.
Certain medical disorders are characterized by involuntary and uncontrollable muscle contractions.
Symptoms include breathing problems; weak and floppy limbs; involuntary jerking and twitching of muscles in the arms, legs, and tongue; abnormal reflexes.
It may be associated with involuntary muscle spasms, sustained muscle contractions, and exaggerated deep tendon reflexes that make movement difficult or uncontrollable.
The convolutions are held together by the pelvic cellular tissue, and by involuntary muscle continuous with that of the bladder.
The state of involuntary trance, sometimes mistaken for death, is a similar occurrence.
After those involuntary words--that if he were free he would have asked on his knees for her hand and her love--uttered at a moment when she was so strongly agitated, Pierre never spoke to Natasha of his feelings; and it seemed plain to her that those words, which had then so comforted her, were spoken as all sorts of meaningless words are spoken to comfort a crying child.
Many of these marbles contain memorial inscriptions relating to the English residents (voluntary and involuntary) of Algiers from the time of John Tipton, British consul in 1580.
By various devices the labourer would then be kept constantly in debt to his employer and be held in involuntary servitude for an indefinite time.
But it must be remembered that these conclusions are arrived at by confusing action, reaction, life, excitability, impulse, and rational desire, all under the one word " will," as well as by omitting the involuntary action of intelligence under the pressure of evidence.
The most important places of resort both for voluntary and involuntary pilgrimages, were still Palestine and Rome.
Physostigmine, the active principle of the Calabar bean, acts chiefly as a stimulant to voluntary and involuntary muscles, and at the same time exercises a depressing effect upon the spinal cord.
He was ridiculous, and unpleasantly sarcastic, but yet he inspired involuntary respect by his boundless devotion to an idea.
The purport, then, of ablutions is to remove, not dust and dirt, but the - to us imaginary - stains contracted by contact with the dead, with childbirth, with menstruous women, with murder whether wilful or involuntary, with almost any form of bloodshed, with persons of inferior caste, with dead animal refuse, e.g.
If the autograph of a work is not accessible, there is no means of distinguishing between the involuntary errors of a scribe and the involuntary errors- "slips of pen" - of an author.
But moderate doses of atropine markedly paralyse the terminals of the nerves that go to involuntary muscles, whether the action of those nerves be motor or inhibitory.
But the subsequent speculations of Aristotle upon the extent to which ignorance invalidates responsibility, though they seem to assume man's immediate consciousness of freedom, do not in reality amount to very much more than an analysis of the conditions ordinarily held sufficient to constitute voluntary or involuntary action.
With a woman's involuntary loving cunning she, who till then had not shown any alarm, said that she would die of fright if they did not leave that very night.
It again!... said Pierre to himself, and an involuntary shudder ran down his spine.
Kidnapping, involuntary resurrection—these were not the foundations on which trust was built!
If she were left without maintenance during her husband's involuntary absence, she could cohabit with another man, but must return to her husband if he came back, the children of the second union remaining with their own father.
With the exception of Madagascar, the genus Mus ranges over practically the whole of the Old World, having indigenous representatives even in Australasia; while the house-mouse, with man's involuntary aid, has succeeded in establishing itself throughout the civilized world.
The drug affects only the involuntary muscles of the eye, just as it affects only the involuntary or non-striated portion of the oesophagus.
When we go outside the New Testament, this involuntary lack of grasp becomes even more marked.
Here, says Ritschl, the involuntary logic of predestinarianism speaks its last word.
Nicholas sat at some distance from Sonya, beside Julie Karagina, to whom he was again talking with the same involuntary smile.
Every act of theirs, which appears to them an act of their own will, is in an historical sense involuntary and is related to the whole course of history and predestined from eternity.
This theory has been propounded in many forms, but the central idea is that the universe of individuals consists of the involuntary "outpourings" of the ultimate divine essence.
In the foregoing account only those particulars which bear directly on Villehardouin himself have been detailed; but the chronicle is as far as possible from being an autobiography, and the displays of the writer's personality, numerous as they are, are quite involuntary, and consist merely in his way of handling the subject, not in the references (as brief as his functions as chronicler will admit) to his own proceedings.
If the growing Christian Church, in quite a different fashion from Paul, laid stress on the literal authority of the Old Testament, interpreted, it is true, allegorically; if it took up a much more friendly and definite attitude towards the Old Testament, and gave wider scope to the legal conception of religion, this must be in part ascribed to the involuntary reaction upon it of Gnosticism.
It requires no will, but is usually involuntary, for the stimulus forces one's attention, which is not always voluntary; not all judgment then requires will, as Wundt supposes.
We have ended pain as entertainment—or at least, involuntary participation in pain as entertainment.
In other cases the impression is involuntary or less consciously sought, as in dreams, which, however, are sometimes induced, for purposes of divination, by the process known as incubation or temple sleep. Dreams are sometimes regarded as visits to or from gods or the souls of the dead, sometimes as signs to be interpreted symbolically by means of dream-books, which are found not only in Europe but in less cultured countries like Siam.
Doria's defeat by the Turks at Preveza in 1538 was said to be not involuntary, and designed to spite the Venetians whom he detested.