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intestinal

intestinal

intestinal Sentence Examples

  • The white blood-corpuscles are produced in the follicles at the base of the intestinal villi.

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  • configuration of the palate, precoracoid, pelvis, intestinal convolutions, copulatory organ, &c. Loss of the keel is co-ordinated with the power of using the forelimbs for locomotion; although a " Ratite " character, it is not sufficient to turn a Notornis, Cnemiornis or Stringops, not even a Phororhacos into a member of the Ratitae.

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  • The dorsal vessel also communicates with the ventral vessel indirectly by the intestinal sinus, which gives off branches to both the longitudinal trunks, and by tegementary vessels and capillaries which supply the skin and the nephridia.

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  • Vezhdovsky has lately seen reasons for regarding the blood system as originating entirely from the hypoblast by the secretion of fluid, the blood, from particular intestinal cells and the consequent formation of spaces through pressure, which become lined with these cells.

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  • P sp, Supra - intestinal visceral ganglion on the course of the right visceral cord.

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  • sb, S u b - intestinal ganglion on the course of the left visceral cord.

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  • Heteronemertini, in which the dermal musculature is in three layers, an external longitudinal, a middle circular, an internal longitudinal; the nervous system lies between the first and second of these layers; the outer layer of longitudinal muscles is a new development; there is no intestinal caecum; no stylets on the proboscis and the mouth is behind the level of the brain.

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  • div, Intestinal diverticula.

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  • In addition to the musculature of the proboscis and proboscidian sheath, longitudinal muscular fibres are found in the walls of the oesophagus, whilst transverse ones are numerous and united into vertical dissepiments between the successive intestinal caeca, thus bringing about a very regular internal metamerization.

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  • The posterior portion of the intestine is specially characterized by the appearance of the intestinal diverticula horizontally and symmetrically placed right and left and opposite to each other.

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  • Cases of asymmetry or irregularity in the arrangement of the intestinal caeca, though sometimes occurring, are not normal.

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  • A, Five specimens of Echinorhynchus acus, Rud., attached to a piece of intestinal wall, X 4.

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  • There are the usual malarial, bilious and intermittent fevers, and liver, stomach and intestinal complaints prevalent in tropical countries; but unhygienic living is, in Cuba as elsewhere, mainly responsible for their existence.

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  • The local authorities were divided among themselves by bitter feuds - the ecclesiastical against the civil, the ayuntamiento against the governors, the administrative officers among themselves; brigandage, mutinies and intestinal struggles disturbed the peace.

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  • Intestinal Worms.

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  • From 1816 he published various papers in the Edinburgh Medical and Surgical Journal, which formed the basis of his Pathological and Practical Researches on Diseases of the Brain and Spinal Cord, and of his Researches on the Diseases of the Intestinal Canal, Liver and other Viscera of the Abdomen, both published in 1828.

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  • The parasites, which cling to the intestinal mucous membrane, draw their nourishment from the blood-vessels of their host, and as they are found in hundreds in the body after death, the disorders of digestion, the increasing anaemia and the consequent dropsies and other cachectic symptoms are easily explained.

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  • The toxic actions produced in continued fevers, in certain chronic diseases, and by intestinal parasites largely aid in producing degeneration, emaciation and atrophy.

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  • In the physiological process of intestinal digestion, the precursors of such fats are split up into these two radicles.

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  • Broussais's chief aim was to find an anatomical basis for all diseases, but he is especially known for his attempt to explain all fevers as a consequence of irritation or inflammation of the intestinal canal (gastroenterite).

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  • In our conceptions of the later stages of assimilation and of excretion, with the generation of poisons (auto-intoxication) in the intestinal tract, there is still much obscurity and much guess-work; yet in some directions positive knowledge has been gained, partly by the physiologist, partly by the physician himself.

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  • The body, or " strobila," consists of a usually minute organ of attachment (scolex or its representative) which is imbedded in the intestinal membrane, and of a series of segments that arise from the base of the scolex and increase in size distally.

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  • This elaborate type of scolex appears to be an adaptation to grasp the spiral intestinal valve of sharks and rays.

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  • 8, D) capable of living freely in water for at least a week (Bothriocephalus), which then, if eaten by a stickleback, throws off its ciliated envelope, and creeps by the aid of the hooks through the intestinal wall into the body-cavity of the fish.

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  • We therefore regard the body of a Cestode as a single organism within which the gonads have become segmented, and the segmentation of the body as a secondary phenomenon associated with diffuse osmotic feeding in the narrow intestinal canal.

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  • For twelve hours previously to its administration no food should be given, in order that the intestinal tract should be empty so as to expose the tapeworm to the full action of the drug.

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  • The stimulation of the liver is said to depend upon the solution of the resin by the intestinal secretion.

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  • The intestinal sac has become bifid and is usually devoid of branches.

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  • Haematemesis is vomiting of blood, the colour of which may be altered by digestion, as is also the case in melaena, or passage of blood with the faeces, in which the blood becomes dark and tarrylooking from the action of the intestinal fluids.

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  • There is hardly any increase in the intestinal secretion, the drug being emphatically not a hydragogue cathartic. There is no doubt that its habitual use may be a factor in the formation of haemorrhoids; as in the case of all drugs that act powerfully on the lower part of the intestine, without simultaneously lowering the venous pressure by causing increase of secretion from the bowel.

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  • Behind this point there is a muscular pharynx or gizzard, which communicates with the wide intestinal tract.

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  • Though ammonium chloride has certain irritant properties which may disorder the stomach, yet if its mucous membrane be depressed and atonic the drug may improve its condition, and it has been used with success in gastric and intestinal catarrhs of a subacute type and is given in doses of io grains half an hour before meals in painful dyspepsia due to hyperacidity.

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  • It is also an intestinal and hepatic stimulant and a feeble diuretic and diaphoretic, and has been considered a specific in some forms of neuralgia.

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  • Sometimes a gall-stone which has found its way into the intestine is large enough to block the bowel and give rise to intestinal obstruction which demands abdominal section.

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  • Flacherie is an intestinal disease of the cholera species and therefore contagious.

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  • The intestinal canal is long, and has, in addition to the ordinary short, but capacious and sacculated caecum at the commencement of the colon, lower down, a pair of large, conical, pointed caeca.

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  • Internally strychnine acts as a bitter, increasing the secretion of gastric juice and the intestinal peristalsis, being a direct stimulant to the muscular coat; in this manner it has a purgative action.

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  • Death occurs from collapse or from secondary destructive changes in the intestinal canal.

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  • Owen's description showed this view to be groundless, and he attributed the extraordinary development of the toucan's beak to the need of compensating, by the additional power of mastication thus given, for the absence of any of the grinding structures that are so characteristic of the intestinal tract of vegetable-eating birds - its digestive organs possessing a general simplicity of formation.

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  • In some cases the branchial respiration a p pears to be insufficient, and the intestinal tract acts as an accessory breathing organ.

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  • These are paralysed by atropine, and intestinal peristalsis is consequently made more active, the muscles being released from nervous control.

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  • He had enough men, though a number of his units were below strength, while others were battle-worn and others again had suffered much from an intestinal disease that had been prevalent in the valleys of the Natisone and the Judrio; and he had enough guns, in spite of the withdrawal of the Allied artillery, though he would doubtless have been glad of a larger reserve.

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  • The perforated pharyngeal region has then been detached from the adherent epipleura or opercular folds (wall of atrial or branchial chamber) by cutting the fluted pharyngo-pleural membrane d, and separated by a vertical cut from the intestinal region.

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  • In the intestine tannic acid controls intestinal bleeding, acting as a powerful astringent and causing constipation; for this reason it has been recommended to check diarrhoea.

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  • Various morbid conditions of the body generally may give rise to different symptoms. Thus a gouty condition may manifest itself in one man as eczema of the skin, giving rise to redness and intense itching; in another as neuralgia, causing most severe pain; in a third as bronchitis, producing a distressing cough; in a fourth as dyspepsia, giving rise to flatulence and intestinal disturbance; and in a fifth as inflammation of the great toe, accompanied by redness, swelling and pain.

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  • Similar procedures are used for the intestine, and one of the best methods of treating the diarrhoea consequent upon the presence of irritating substances in the intestinal canal is to give a dose of castor-oil together with a few drops of laudanum.

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  • Even in cases of very acute intestinal diseases similar treatment is now pursued, and instead of treating dysentery simply by sedatives or astringents, an eliminative treatment by means of sulphate of magnesia is largely employed.

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  • The whole of the secretion here is poured into the blood and not at all on to a mucous surface, and herein the thyroid gland differs largely from such glands as the pancreas or peptic and intestinal glands.

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  • Similarly the beneficial effects of purgation may be due not only to the elimination which takes place through the bowel, but also to the internal secretion from the intestinal glands.

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  • After the irritant has been removed and fermentation stopped, the irritation still remaining in the intestinal wall may be soothed by chalk mixture and bismuth, to which if necessary small quantities of opium may be added.

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  • Flatulence and diarrhoea as well as many general disorders are often due to intestinal depression caused by microbes.

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  • Simple alkaline waters containing carbonates, chiefly of sodium along with some magnesium and calcium, are drunk for their utility in gastric and intestinal disorders as well as in rheumatism and gout.

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  • These form a more powerful wave-bath, and in combination with intestinal irrigation, are used very successfully for the treatment of abdominal disorders.

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  • During the paroxysms, or even preceding them, certain sensory disturbances may be experienced, more especially affections of vision, such as ocular spectra, hemiopia, diplopia, &c. Gout, eyestrain and intestinal toxaemia have been put forward as causes of migraine, and Sir W.

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  • For the intestinal conditions it must either be given in a keratin-coated pill or injected high up into the rectum.

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  • The former leads to a protrusible pharynx (B), from which the oesophagus opens into a wide intestinal chamber with branching lateral diverticula.

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  • Externally it is antiparasitic, and is used in certain stages of eczema and psoriasis, and the alcoholic solution has been used in ringworm; internally it has been employed as an intestinal antiseptic in typhoid fever.

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  • Both it and the aromatic solution are powerful intestinal astringents, and are therefore useful in diarrhoea of a serious type, being strongly recommended both as a prophylactic and as a treatment during epidemics of Asiatic cholera.

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  • Given internally it stimulates the intestinal muscles and may cause diarrhoea.

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  • The alimentary,or intestinal, canal varies greatly in relative length and capacity in different mammals, and also offers manifold peculiarities of form, being sometimes a simple cylindrical tube of nearly uniform calibre throughout, but more often subject to alterations of form and capacity in different portions of its course - the most characteristic and constant being the division into an upper and narrower and a lower and wider portion, called respectively the small and the large intestine; the former being arbitrarily divided into duodenum, jejunum and ileum, and the latter into colon and rectum.

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  • Besides the crypts of Lieberkiihn found throughout the intestinal canal, and the glands of Brunner confined to the duodenum, there are other structures in the mucous membrane, about the nature of which there is still much uncertainty, called " solitary " and " agminated " glands, the latter more commonly known by the name of " Peyer's patches."

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  • If the sulphate is prescribed in the form of a pill, it may be so coated as only to be soluble in the intestinal digestive fluid.

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  • Iron is certainly absorbed from the intestinal canal.

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  • a", Intestinal mesentery.

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  • Even where they undergo healing they may cause such a stricture of the calibre of the intestinal canal as to give rise to the symptoms of obstruction which ultimately prove fatal.

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  • They are usually few in number, but occasionally occur in such large numbers that they cause intestinal obstruction.

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  • A few of them, such as aloin and colocynthin, are also purgative when injected subcutaneously or into the blood, probably owing to their being excreted into the intestinal canal.

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  • - This includes the male-fern, santonin, cusso, pomegranate bark, pumpkin seeds and many other substances containing active principles which have a specific poisonous action on intestinal parasitic worms. Apart from this their actions vary considerably, but are of little practical importance.

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  • Parasiticides or anti-parasitics destroy parasites; the terms are usually restricted to those acting on skinparasites as contrasted with intestinal ones.

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  • You have a chance to help here, but it will take some intestinal fortitude on your part.

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  • Thank you all for the intestinal fortitude to stand for what's right, like static pages fit for the purpose!

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  • In addition, according to one recent study, tea may reduce the intestinal absorption of glucose.

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  • alfalfa hay, a natural forage, provides the fiber necessary to maintain your guinea pig's intestinal health.

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  • allograft rejection remains the most difficult dilemma in intestinal transplantation.

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  • This causes intestinal anthrax - a severe form of food poisoning.

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  • Grapefruit Seed Extract has antiparasitic, antibacterial and antifungal properties, and helps to maintain the correct balance of intestinal flora.

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  • bilious vomiting in neonates (and older children) mandates further investigation to exclude intestinal obstruction.

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  • An attempt should be made to see whether the fish is defecating, in case the problem is being caused by an intestinal blockage.

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  • Intestinal colonization botulism results from colonization of the gut by vegetative cells.

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  • Information: " I was very interested to read the answer from Patrick Kingsley about intestinal candida (WDDTY Vol 3 No. 1 ).

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  • The specialized intestinal epithelial cells are rapidly replaced by mature cells, so that immunoglobulins cannot be absorbed after 24-36 hours post-birth.

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  • citrus pectin is fermented by the intestinal flora producing short-chain fatty acids, which have many important functions.

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  • coccidiosis in poultry, caused by Eimeria species of intestinal parasites.

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  • Whenever there are symptoms of gastro intestinal distress, I think first of slippery elm.

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  • Have your doctors considered the possibility of intestinal endometriosis?

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  • expel intestinal worms.

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  • We are all aware of the importance of some of them for the health of the intestinal flora.

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  • Severe disturbances of the intestinal bacterial flora may occur.

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  • gallstone colonic ileus, which is a rare condition, 17,18 there may be a pre-existing narrowing in the colon causing intestinal obstruction.

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  • The SCI is a collaborative project to assist countries in sub Saharan Africa control schistosomiasis and intestinal helminths.

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  • Paralytic ileus (also called adynamic ileus) is one type of intestinal obstruction.

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  • intestinal ileus and obstruction may occur [Tenser, 2001; Sissons, 2003 ]. Encephalitis.

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  • In gallstone colonic ileus, which is a rare condition, 17,18 there may be a pre-existing narrowing in the colon causing intestinal obstruction.

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  • In a few cases the intestinal pain is caused by inability to digest cow's milk.

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  • Diets filled with cereal fiber also may help prevent diabetes and a painful intestinal inflammation called diverticular disease.

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  • Furthermore, jejunal interposition can influence the motility of the entire intestinal tract resulting in a better functional outcome.

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  • intestinal mucosa did not reveal coccidia.

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  • intestinal tract.

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  • intestinal obstruction.

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  • intestinal microflora is fundamental to the operations of both systems.

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  • intestinal metaplasia with goblet cells.

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  • intestinal epithelium.

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  • But if they choose to do this, they must have the intestinal fortitude to hold fast!

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  • Under normal conditions, the cells in the intestinal tract lining slough off very rapidly.

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  • The desquamation of such cells into the intestinal lumen leads to the excretion of the copper.

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  • Osteomalacia due to vitamin D depletion: neglected consequence of intestinal malabsorption.

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  • Undigested gliadin actually damage the intestinal lining and create chronic intestinal malabsorption.

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  • An affected baby may have intestinal obstruction from thick meconium filling the intestine.

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  • There was 80% agreement in the definition of BO (columnar lined esophagus containing specialized intestinal metaplasia on biopsy ).

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  • Biopsies taken from this area reveal an incomplete, patchy, intestinal metaplasia with goblet cells.

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  • The intestinal microflora is fundamental to the operations of both systems.

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  • mucin production and were therefore termed " intestinal type " .

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  • The organisms penetrate the gut mucosa via Peyer's patches and multiply within intestinal lymph nodes.

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  • Even quite intensive scraping of the intestinal mucosa did not reveal coccidia.

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  • mucous membranes of the intestinal tract.

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  • nasogastric suction and intravenous fluid are needed when the patients have intestinal obstructive symptoms.

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  • In 1909 Cheadle was operated upon for intestinal obstruction.

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  • odourorophyll doesn't just work to cover up smells but helps neutralize odor and toxins in the intestinal tract.

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  • There are two main types of intestinal parasites.. .

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  • Eosinophilia (Eos 0.8 x 109/l) is very rarely found in association with intestinal parasitism in horses.

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  • citrus pectin is fermented by the intestinal flora producing short-chain fatty acids, which have many important functions.

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  • perforation of the intestinal wall, with subsequent peritonitis may occur.

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  • Despite her intestinal perforation, she remained reasonably well, haemodynamically stable, with a soft distended abdomen.

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  • Delayed spontaneous bladder perforation - no particular intestinal segment is more predisposed.

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  • Activation of the autonomic nervous system also delays gastric emptying and reduces intestinal peristalsis.

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  • Symptoms of advanced disease include intestinal obstruction, perforation and resulting peritonitis.

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  • To identify the effect of IL-6 on intestinal permeability.

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  • produced by intestinal bacteria, is K2.

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  • produced by intestinal bacteria, is K2.

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  • progesterone released during pregnancy relaxes the intestinal muscles, which slows down your bowel movements.

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  • Worms and children Young puppies are likely to have more intestinal roundworms than adults, unless they have been adequately treated with medication.

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  • In the case of intestinal schistosomiasis, the worms reside in the blood vessels lining the intestine.

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  • An intestinal biopsy should be obtained, usually under mild sedation.

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  • serovar Typhimurium inside (green) and on the surface (blue) of human intestinal epithelial cells.

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  • People with severe damage to intestinal tissue may be prescribed intravenous nutritional supplements in order to replace unabsorbed nutrients.

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  • Sudden mesenteric vein thrombosis leads to edema and hemorrhage in the affected intestinal segment.

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  • Take care not to puncture any part of the intestinal tract.

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  • Most other trematodes are hermaphroditic, and are found in the intestinal tract, or organs such as the liver.

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  • They reduce hepatic and intestinal glucose output, and stimulate glucose uptake by muscle.

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  • intestinal uptake of zinc is impaired by oestrogens (found in beer!

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  • vasoactive intestinal peptide to induce penile erection.

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  • villusacteristic of coeliac disease is varying degrees of stunting of the small intestinal villi.

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  • Factors associated with mortality and morbidity in small intestinal volvulus in the horse.

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  • There is a health hazard with the muck from geese which may contain an intestinal worm.

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  • The white blood-corpuscles are produced in the follicles at the base of the intestinal villi.

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  • configuration of the palate, precoracoid, pelvis, intestinal convolutions, copulatory organ, &c. Loss of the keel is co-ordinated with the power of using the forelimbs for locomotion; although a " Ratite " character, it is not sufficient to turn a Notornis, Cnemiornis or Stringops, not even a Phororhacos into a member of the Ratitae.

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  • The dorsal vessel also communicates with the ventral vessel indirectly by the intestinal sinus, which gives off branches to both the longitudinal trunks, and by tegementary vessels and capillaries which supply the skin and the nephridia.

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  • Vezhdovsky has lately seen reasons for regarding the blood system as originating entirely from the hypoblast by the secretion of fluid, the blood, from particular intestinal cells and the consequent formation of spaces through pressure, which become lined with these cells.

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  • P sp, Supra - intestinal visceral ganglion on the course of the right visceral cord.

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  • sb, S u b - intestinal ganglion on the course of the left visceral cord.

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  • Heteronemertini, in which the dermal musculature is in three layers, an external longitudinal, a middle circular, an internal longitudinal; the nervous system lies between the first and second of these layers; the outer layer of longitudinal muscles is a new development; there is no intestinal caecum; no stylets on the proboscis and the mouth is behind the level of the brain.

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  • div, Intestinal diverticula.

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  • In addition to the musculature of the proboscis and proboscidian sheath, longitudinal muscular fibres are found in the walls of the oesophagus, whilst transverse ones are numerous and united into vertical dissepiments between the successive intestinal caeca, thus bringing about a very regular internal metamerization.

    0
    0
  • The posterior portion of the intestine is specially characterized by the appearance of the intestinal diverticula horizontally and symmetrically placed right and left and opposite to each other.

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  • Cases of asymmetry or irregularity in the arrangement of the intestinal caeca, though sometimes occurring, are not normal.

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  • The inner surface of the intestinal caeca is ciliated, the caeca themselves are some times - especially in the UT hindermost portion of the body - of a considerably smaller lumen than the intermediate genital spaces; sometimes, however, the reverse is the case, and in both cases it is the smaller lumen that appears enclosed between and suspended by the transverse fibres constituting the muscular dissepiments above mentioned.

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  • A, Five specimens of Echinorhynchus acus, Rud., attached to a piece of intestinal wall, X 4.

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    0
  • There are the usual malarial, bilious and intermittent fevers, and liver, stomach and intestinal complaints prevalent in tropical countries; but unhygienic living is, in Cuba as elsewhere, mainly responsible for their existence.

    0
    0
  • The local authorities were divided among themselves by bitter feuds - the ecclesiastical against the civil, the ayuntamiento against the governors, the administrative officers among themselves; brigandage, mutinies and intestinal struggles disturbed the peace.

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  • Intestinal Worms.

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  • From 1816 he published various papers in the Edinburgh Medical and Surgical Journal, which formed the basis of his Pathological and Practical Researches on Diseases of the Brain and Spinal Cord, and of his Researches on the Diseases of the Intestinal Canal, Liver and other Viscera of the Abdomen, both published in 1828.

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  • The parasites, which cling to the intestinal mucous membrane, draw their nourishment from the blood-vessels of their host, and as they are found in hundreds in the body after death, the disorders of digestion, the increasing anaemia and the consequent dropsies and other cachectic symptoms are easily explained.

    0
    0
  • The toxic actions produced in continued fevers, in certain chronic diseases, and by intestinal parasites largely aid in producing degeneration, emaciation and atrophy.

    0
    0
  • In the physiological process of intestinal digestion, the precursors of such fats are split up into these two radicles.

    0
    0
  • Broussais's chief aim was to find an anatomical basis for all diseases, but he is especially known for his attempt to explain all fevers as a consequence of irritation or inflammation of the intestinal canal (gastroenterite).

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  • Even in normal circumstances their play and counterplay, attractive and repellent, must be manifold almost beyond conception; for the body may be regarded as a collective organization consisting of a huge colony of micro-organisms become capable of a common life by common and mutual arrangement and differentiation of function, and by toleration and utilization of each other's peculiar products; some organs, such as the liver, for example, being credited with a special power of neutralizing poisons, whether generated under normal conditions or under abnormal, .which gain entrance from the intestinal tract.

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  • In our conceptions of the later stages of assimilation and of excretion, with the generation of poisons (auto-intoxication) in the intestinal tract, there is still much obscurity and much guess-work; yet in some directions positive knowledge has been gained, partly by the physiologist, partly by the physician himself.

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  • The body, or " strobila," consists of a usually minute organ of attachment (scolex or its representative) which is imbedded in the intestinal membrane, and of a series of segments that arise from the base of the scolex and increase in size distally.

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    0
  • This elaborate type of scolex appears to be an adaptation to grasp the spiral intestinal valve of sharks and rays.

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  • 8, D) capable of living freely in water for at least a week (Bothriocephalus), which then, if eaten by a stickleback, throws off its ciliated envelope, and creeps by the aid of the hooks through the intestinal wall into the body-cavity of the fish.

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  • We therefore regard the body of a Cestode as a single organism within which the gonads have become segmented, and the segmentation of the body as a secondary phenomenon associated with diffuse osmotic feeding in the narrow intestinal canal.

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  • The loss of nutrient fluid caused by the presence of intestinal Cestodes is probably slight, indeed, the sharper appetite that accompanies their presence may be the means of fully compensating for it.

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  • For twelve hours previously to its administration no food should be given, in order that the intestinal tract should be empty so as to expose the tapeworm to the full action of the drug.

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  • The stimulation of the liver is said to depend upon the solution of the resin by the intestinal secretion.

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  • The intestinal sac has become bifid and is usually devoid of branches.

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  • Haematemesis is vomiting of blood, the colour of which may be altered by digestion, as is also the case in melaena, or passage of blood with the faeces, in which the blood becomes dark and tarrylooking from the action of the intestinal fluids.

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  • There is hardly any increase in the intestinal secretion, the drug being emphatically not a hydragogue cathartic. There is no doubt that its habitual use may be a factor in the formation of haemorrhoids; as in the case of all drugs that act powerfully on the lower part of the intestine, without simultaneously lowering the venous pressure by causing increase of secretion from the bowel.

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    0
  • Behind this point there is a muscular pharynx or gizzard, which communicates with the wide intestinal tract.

    0
    0
  • Though ammonium chloride has certain irritant properties which may disorder the stomach, yet if its mucous membrane be depressed and atonic the drug may improve its condition, and it has been used with success in gastric and intestinal catarrhs of a subacute type and is given in doses of io grains half an hour before meals in painful dyspepsia due to hyperacidity.

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  • It is also an intestinal and hepatic stimulant and a feeble diuretic and diaphoretic, and has been considered a specific in some forms of neuralgia.

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  • c. p. 615; (35) idem, " Sur la presence d'un trypanoplasma intestinal chez les poissons," op. cit.

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  • Sometimes a gall-stone which has found its way into the intestine is large enough to block the bowel and give rise to intestinal obstruction which demands abdominal section.

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  • Flacherie is an intestinal disease of the cholera species and therefore contagious.

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  • This segregation of the germ cells and their independence of the intestinal sac is an indication that the origin of these cells is not coelomic nor enteric, and until we possess further information as to the evolution of the complex genitalia of the higher Turbellaria we cannot hope to understand the presence of such highly modified structures in animals of an otherwise low grade or organization.

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  • The intestinal canal is long, and has, in addition to the ordinary short, but capacious and sacculated caecum at the commencement of the colon, lower down, a pair of large, conical, pointed caeca.

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  • Internally strychnine acts as a bitter, increasing the secretion of gastric juice and the intestinal peristalsis, being a direct stimulant to the muscular coat; in this manner it has a purgative action.

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  • Death occurs from collapse or from secondary destructive changes in the intestinal canal.

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  • Owen's description showed this view to be groundless, and he attributed the extraordinary development of the toucan's beak to the need of compensating, by the additional power of mastication thus given, for the absence of any of the grinding structures that are so characteristic of the intestinal tract of vegetable-eating birds - its digestive organs possessing a general simplicity of formation.

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  • In some cases the branchial respiration a p pears to be insufficient, and the intestinal tract acts as an accessory breathing organ.

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  • These are paralysed by atropine, and intestinal peristalsis is consequently made more active, the muscles being released from nervous control.

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  • He had enough men, though a number of his units were below strength, while others were battle-worn and others again had suffered much from an intestinal disease that had been prevalent in the valleys of the Natisone and the Judrio; and he had enough guns, in spite of the withdrawal of the Allied artillery, though he would doubtless have been glad of a larger reserve.

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  • The perforated pharyngeal region has then been detached from the adherent epipleura or opercular folds (wall of atrial or branchial chamber) by cutting the fluted pharyngo-pleural membrane d, and separated by a vertical cut from the intestinal region.

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  • In the intestine tannic acid controls intestinal bleeding, acting as a powerful astringent and causing constipation; for this reason it has been recommended to check diarrhoea.

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  • Various morbid conditions of the body generally may give rise to different symptoms. Thus a gouty condition may manifest itself in one man as eczema of the skin, giving rise to redness and intense itching; in another as neuralgia, causing most severe pain; in a third as bronchitis, producing a distressing cough; in a fourth as dyspepsia, giving rise to flatulence and intestinal disturbance; and in a fifth as inflammation of the great toe, accompanied by redness, swelling and pain.

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  • Similar procedures are used for the intestine, and one of the best methods of treating the diarrhoea consequent upon the presence of irritating substances in the intestinal canal is to give a dose of castor-oil together with a few drops of laudanum.

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  • Even in cases of very acute intestinal diseases similar treatment is now pursued, and instead of treating dysentery simply by sedatives or astringents, an eliminative treatment by means of sulphate of magnesia is largely employed.

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  • The whole of the secretion here is poured into the blood and not at all on to a mucous surface, and herein the thyroid gland differs largely from such glands as the pancreas or peptic and intestinal glands.

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  • Similarly the beneficial effects of purgation may be due not only to the elimination which takes place through the bowel, but also to the internal secretion from the intestinal glands.

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  • After the irritant has been removed and fermentation stopped, the irritation still remaining in the intestinal wall may be soothed by chalk mixture and bismuth, to which if necessary small quantities of opium may be added.

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  • Flatulence and diarrhoea as well as many general disorders are often due to intestinal depression caused by microbes.

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  • Simple alkaline waters containing carbonates, chiefly of sodium along with some magnesium and calcium, are drunk for their utility in gastric and intestinal disorders as well as in rheumatism and gout.

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  • These form a more powerful wave-bath, and in combination with intestinal irrigation, are used very successfully for the treatment of abdominal disorders.

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  • During the paroxysms, or even preceding them, certain sensory disturbances may be experienced, more especially affections of vision, such as ocular spectra, hemiopia, diplopia, &c. Gout, eyestrain and intestinal toxaemia have been put forward as causes of migraine, and Sir W.

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  • For the intestinal conditions it must either be given in a keratin-coated pill or injected high up into the rectum.

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  • The former leads to a protrusible pharynx (B), from which the oesophagus opens into a wide intestinal chamber with branching lateral diverticula.

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  • Externally it is antiparasitic, and is used in certain stages of eczema and psoriasis, and the alcoholic solution has been used in ringworm; internally it has been employed as an intestinal antiseptic in typhoid fever.

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  • Both it and the aromatic solution are powerful intestinal astringents, and are therefore useful in diarrhoea of a serious type, being strongly recommended both as a prophylactic and as a treatment during epidemics of Asiatic cholera.

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  • Given internally it stimulates the intestinal muscles and may cause diarrhoea.

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  • The alimentary,or intestinal, canal varies greatly in relative length and capacity in different mammals, and also offers manifold peculiarities of form, being sometimes a simple cylindrical tube of nearly uniform calibre throughout, but more often subject to alterations of form and capacity in different portions of its course - the most characteristic and constant being the division into an upper and narrower and a lower and wider portion, called respectively the small and the large intestine; the former being arbitrarily divided into duodenum, jejunum and ileum, and the latter into colon and rectum.

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  • Besides the crypts of Lieberkiihn found throughout the intestinal canal, and the glands of Brunner confined to the duodenum, there are other structures in the mucous membrane, about the nature of which there is still much uncertainty, called " solitary " and " agminated " glands, the latter more commonly known by the name of " Peyer's patches."

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  • If the sulphate is prescribed in the form of a pill, it may be so coated as only to be soluble in the intestinal digestive fluid.

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  • Iron is certainly absorbed from the intestinal canal.

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  • Practical experience teaches every clinician that, whatever the mode of action, iron is most valuable in anaemia, though in many cases, where there is well-marked toxaemia from absorption of the intestinal products, not only laxatives in combination with iron but intestinal antiseptics are necessary.

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  • a", Intestinal mesentery.

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  • Even where they undergo healing they may cause such a stricture of the calibre of the intestinal canal as to give rise to the symptoms of obstruction which ultimately prove fatal.

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  • They are usually few in number, but occasionally occur in such large numbers that they cause intestinal obstruction.

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  • A few of them, such as aloin and colocynthin, are also purgative when injected subcutaneously or into the blood, probably owing to their being excreted into the intestinal canal.

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  • - This includes the male-fern, santonin, cusso, pomegranate bark, pumpkin seeds and many other substances containing active principles which have a specific poisonous action on intestinal parasitic worms. Apart from this their actions vary considerably, but are of little practical importance.

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  • purgare, to cleanse) aid the onward passage of the contents of the intestinal canal, either by increasing the contractions of its muscular coat as laxatives (Lat.

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  • podophyllum) or by sweeping it onwards by stimulating the intestinal contractions (e.g.

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  • Parasiticides or anti-parasitics destroy parasites; the terms are usually restricted to those acting on skinparasites as contrasted with intestinal ones.

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  • Worms and children Young puppies are likely to have more intestinal roundworms than adults, unless they have been adequately treated with medication.

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  • In the case of intestinal schistosomiasis, the worms reside in the blood vessels lining the intestine.

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  • An intestinal biopsy should be obtained, usually under mild sedation.

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  • Fig 1. Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium inside (green) and on the surface (blue) of human intestinal epithelial cells.

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  • Eating live yogurt will replace intestinal flora lost during the alcohol attack and soothe a sore stomach.

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  • People with severe damage to intestinal tissue may be prescribed intravenous nutritional supplements in order to replace unabsorbed nutrients.

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  • Sudden mesenteric vein thrombosis leads to edema and hemorrhage in the affected intestinal segment.

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  • Take care not to puncture any part of the intestinal tract.

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  • Most other trematodes are hermaphroditic, and are found in the intestinal tract, or organs such as the liver.

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  • They reduce hepatic and intestinal glucose output, and stimulate glucose uptake by muscle.

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  • Intestinal uptake of zinc is impaired by oestrogens (found in beer !

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  • A clinical trial of intracavernous vasoactive intestinal peptide to induce penile erection.

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  • Characteristic of coeliac disease is varying degrees of stunting of the small intestinal villi.

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  • In India approximately 30 per cent of acute intestinal obstructions are secondary to volvulus of the sigmoid colon [3 ].

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  • Factors associated with mortality and morbidity in small intestinal volvulus in the horse.

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  • There is a health hazard with the muck from geese which may contain an intestinal worm.

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  • This meconium has been present in your baby's intestinal tract even when he was in the womb.

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  • However, your adopted child may face medical issues like developmental delays, lead poisoning, infectious diseases, and intestinal parasites.

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  • When the skin in the diaper area begins to break down -sometimes because of excess diarrhea or other types of diaper rashes - yeast from the intestinal tract can get under the skin surface to cause an infection.

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  • When the good bacteria in the intestinal flora are killed off through antibiotic use, yeast can begin to proliferate, which may develop into a rash.

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  • As with humans, obesity in cats can lead to other health problems, including kidney and liver disease, heart disease and disorders of the intestinal tract.

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  • Otherwise, it runs the risk of becoming lodged inside of the intestinal tract, causing constipation and a possible intestinal blockage.

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  • Tinsel can be ingested and cause stomach or intestinal problems as well.

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  • Since this litter is made to absorb many times its weight in liquid, the liquid in the cat's intestinal tract or lungs is what gets absorbed.

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  • Tapeworms are long, flat, segmented worms that live in your cat's intestinal tract.

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  • Although bentonite clay has actually been used by humans as an intestinal cleanser, some pet owners fear the idea that clay can enter their cats' intestines and cause dehydration and intestinal blockages.

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  • At the very least, its extremely absorbent nature can cause an intestinal blockage.

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  • Since clay is ultra absorbent, it can result in intestinal dehydration and possible blockages.

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  • The crystals, if eaten, may cause an intestinal blockage.

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