He was largely instrumental in the work of strengthening the Church.
The government operating in its correct role is instrumental to civilization.
The prince de Ligne claimed to have been instrumental in arranging it.
It was a sweet instrumental sound, recorded long before the popular velvet voice replaced Cole's beautiful jazz.
He was also chiefly instrumental in securing the election of Marius to his fourth consulship (102).
The youngest son, Karl von Schlozer, a merchant and Russian consul-general at Libeck, was the father of Kurd von Schlozer (1822-1894), the historian and diplomatist, who in 1871 was appointed German ambassador to the United States and in 1882 to the Vatican, when he was instrumental in healing the breach between Germany and the papacy caused by the "May Laws."
Though patrician in sympathy, he saw the necessity of making concessions to the plebeians and was instrumental in passing the Licinian laws.
It was due to his influence that the Iroquois refused to join Pontiac in his conspiracy, and he was instrumental in arranging the treaty of Fort Stanwix in 1768.
His music is highly polyphonic, and modern in its instrumental treatment throughout.
Moreover, the higher problems of rhythmic movement in the classical sonata forms are far beyond the scope of academic teaching; which is compelled to be contented with a practical plausibility of musical design; and the instrumental music which was considered the highest style of art in 18 3 0 was as far beyond Wagner's early command of such plausibility as it was obviously already becoming a mere academic game.
In 1841-1843 he was in Europe on behalf of the Tyler administration, and he is said to have been instrumental in causing the appointment of Lord Ashburton to negotiate in Washington concerning the boundary dispute between Maine and Canada.
At Langport again, on the 10th of July 1645, his management of the troops was largely instrumental in gaining the victory.
In 1527 he joined in the movement for the expulsion of the family and was instrumental in defeating the Medicean troops under Cardinal Passerini, who were attacking the Palazzo della Signoria.
Though theoretically a free trader, he was largely instrumental in creating the Italian protective system.
This belief was supported by the Delphic oracle, which was largely instrumental in promoting hero-worship and keeping alive its due observance.
English exiles were welcomed at his court; he was mainly instrumental in restoring Eardwulf to the throne of Northumbria in 80 9; and Einhard includes the Scots within the sphere of his influence.
In May he defeated a greatly superior royalist force at Grantham, proceeding afterwards to Nottingham in accordance with Essex's plan of penetrating into Yorkshire to relieve the Fairfaxes; where, however, difficulties, arising from jealousies between the officers, and the treachery of John Hotham, whose arrest Cromwell was instrumental in effecting, obliged him to retire again to the association, leaving the Fairfaxes to be defeated at Adwalton Moor.
Though a foreigner, he soon acquired a thorough knowledge of Rumanian, and was instrumental in helping to introduce that language into the church as its official language.
In the prolonged discussions regarding the Bill of Indemnity he was instrumental in saving the life of Haselrig, and opposed the clause compelling all officers who had served under Cromwell to refund their salaries, he himself never having had any.
He showed himself a vigorous Thermidorian; he was instrumental in suppressing the Revolutionary Tribunal and the Jacobin Club; he attacked J.
As he reverted to Realism, his influence, first at Rheims and then in Paris, was doubtless instrumental in bringing about the general acceptance of that doctrine till the advent of Roscellinus as a powerful disturbing influence.
In the course of the year 1795, as president of the Committee of Public Safety, and as responsible especially for foreign affairs, he was largely instrumental in bringing about peace with Spain.
The impression made by him in parliament is in some danger of being forgotten, because he was not instrumental in carrying any great measure that might serve as an abiding memorial.
21 a contours are based upon instrumental measurement, and as a whole these ordnance maps were undoubtedly superior in accuracy, with rare exceptions, to similar maps published by foreign governments.
He was instrumental in the establishment of the Revolutionary Tribunal and contributed to the downfall of the Girondists.
In these days he lived at Tooting, and was instrumental in forming a dissenting congregation there.
About 1748 he began to take an important part in the affairs of the town, and became a leader in the debates of a political club which he was largely instrumental in organizing, and to whose weekly publication, the Public Advertiser, he contributed numerous articles.
When this is done, it will, however, be found that there is a broad unity of subject, and of natural development in its treatment, such as to some extent justifies the instinct or the judgment of those who were instrumental in effecting the combination of the separate parts.
He was largely instrumental in the inauguration of the House of Laymen in the province of Canterbury (1886); he made diligent inquiries as to the internal order of the sisterhoods of which he was visitor; from 1884 onwards he gave regular Bible readings for ladies in Lambeth Palace chapel.
He was instrumental in saving New York and Vermont from invasion by his brilliant victory of lake Champlain gained, on the nth of September 1814, with a flotilla of 14 vessels carrying 86 guns, over Captain George Downie's 16 vessels and 92 guns.
Montmorin was a devoted admirer of Necker, whose influence at the court he was mainly instrumental in maintaining.
When he resigned office in the early 'eighties he established the Semmon Gako, or school for special studies, at the cost of the 30,000 yen which had been voted him when he received the title of count, and subsequently he was instrumental in founding other schools and colleges.
His method of estimating the relative lunar and solar distances is geometrically correct, though the instrumental means at his command rendered his data erroneous.
On his return to his diocese,his zeal and eloquence were largely instrumental in withstanding the progress of Calvinism, and among others he converted Henry Sponde, who became bishop of Pamiers, and the Swiss general Sancy.
how important improvements were to be effected in its construction, he was largely instrumental in converting it from a clumsy and wasteful appliance into one of the most efficient known to the engineer.
He became, however, chairman of the Committee on Ways and Means, and was instrumental in the enactment of the Morrill Tariff Act of 1860.
(13) They put no faith in rites or ceremonies, nor do they believe in penances as instrumental in obtaining the grace of God.
He started a theological college (the Scholae Cancellarii), founded night schools, delivered courses of lectures on church history, held Bible classes, and was instrumental in founding a society of mission preachers for the diocese, the "Novate Novale."
Thus he was instrumental in compiling a new prayer-book, which he designed as the "American Rite" (Minhag America).
Under his auspices the instrumental equipment at Greenwich was completely changed, and the number of assistants increased from one to six.
In1564-1566he accompanied the young king on an extended tour through France; and in 1566 he was instrumental in the promulgation of an important edict for the reform of abuses in the administration of justice.
The National Verein, its work being done, was now dissolved; but Bennigsen was chiefly instrumental in founding a new political party - the National Liberals, - who, while they supported Bismarck's national policy, hoped to secure the constitutional development of the country.
barcaruola, a boat-song), properly a musical term for the songs sung by the Venetian gondoliers, and hence for an instrumental or vocal composition, generally in 6-8 time, written in imitation of their characteristic rhythm.
He guided it through the controversies as to Robertson Smith's heresies, as to the use of hymns and instrumental music, and as to the Declaratory Act, brought to a successful issue the union of the Free and United Presbyterian Churches, and threw the weight of the united church on the side of freedom of Biblical criticism.
C. Tavares Bastos, whose Cartas do Solitario were highly instrumental in causing the Amazon to be thrown open to the world's commerce and also in preparing the way for the abolition of slavery; and in that of Joaquin].
Literature The Catholic ecclesiastics who settled in Hungary during the 1 1th century, and who found their way into the chief offices of the state, were mainly instrumental in establishing Latin as the predominant language of the court, the higher schools and public worship, and of eventually introducing it into the administration.
On the intellectual side the new movement found its champion and its Maecenas in Bishop Strassmayer, who for over 50 years devoted the surplus revenues of the wealthy see of Dya Kovo (Djakovo) to national purposes, and was mainly instrumental in founding at Zagreb the southern Slav Academy (1867), the first Croat university (1874) and a modern gallery and school of arts.
The tracing of the exact mode of development, cell by cell, of the diblastula, the coelom, and the various tissues of examples of all classes of animals was in later years pursued with immense activity and increasing instrumental facilities.
Cecilia, whose musical fame rests on a passing notice in her legend that she praised God by instrumental as well as vocal music, has inspired many a masterpiece in art, including the Raphael at Bologna, the Rubens in Berlin, the Domenichino in Paris, and in literature, where she is commemorated especially by Chaucer's "Seconde Nonnes Tale," and by Dryden's famous ode, set to music by Handel in 1736, and later by Sir Hubert Parry (1889).
He was instrumental in founding the first chair of Greek, which was filled by his friend Rudolph Agricola, and he also established the university library and a college for students of civil law.
In 1565, like many other English exiles, he made his headquarters at Louvain, and after a visit to the Imperial Diet at Augsburg in 1566, in attendance upon Commendone, who had been largely instrumental in the reconciliation of England with Rome in Mary's reign, he threw himself into the literary controversy between Bishop Jewel (q.v.) and Harding.
Prophetic personality now moved in a larger sphere than that of divination, important though that function be in the social life of the ancient state as instrumental in declaring the will of the deity when any enterprise was on foot.
He was instrumental ..
He favoured the use of the organ and of prayers in the vernacular, and was instrumental in founding schools on modern lines.
It is neither novel nor instrumental.
Jack blamed himself because he was instrumental in taking his father's company public.
But the greatness of Wagner is shown in the fact that with all the effect his additions have in revolutionizing the resources of orchestration, he never regards his novelties as substitutes for the natural principles of instrumental effect.
In 1871 he became a member of the "Committee of Seventy" in New York City, which was instrumental in breaking up the "Tweed Ring," and later assisted in the prosecution of the indicted officials.
Haydn's place in musical history is best determined by his instrumental compositions.
Before his time instrumental music was chiefly written for the Paradiesensaal, and its melody often sacrificed vitality of idea to a ceremonial courtliness of phrase.
1, and the Salomon Symphonies in D and Eb, while there is hardly an instrumental composition of Haydn's in which his own melodies do not show some traces of the same influence.
In the development of instrumental polyphony Haydn's work was almost as important as that of Mozart.
The compositions of Haydn include 104 symphonies, 16 overtures, 76 quartets, 68 trios, 54 sonatas, 31 concertos and a large number of divertimentos, cassations and other instrumental pieces; 24 operas and dramatic pieces, 16 Masses, a Stabat Mater, interludes for the " Seven Words," 3 oratorios, 2 Te Deums and many smaller pieces for the church, over 40 songs, over 50 canons and arrangements of Scottish and Welsh national melodies.
The latter office he held for fortythree years, during which time he wrote over 360 compositions for the church and much instrumental music, which, though unequal, deserves more consideration than it has received.
He made it not only nationally prominent, but instrumental in shaping the course of legislative and executive action by introducing into the work of the Commission an entirely new spirit and new methods.
This "round robin" created a sensation which aroused public opinion and was instrumental in bringing about some desirable reforms in the War Department.
It was the liberal-minded Germans who were instrumental in the first place in getting them passed; while the Sla y s from the beginning took up - to their own disadvantage - a hostile or at least passive attitude towards the establishment of these laws."
In 1892 he was instrumental in bringing about the third nomination of Mr Cleveland, and took an influential part in the ensuing presidential campaign; but in 1896, disapproving of the "free-silver" agitation, he refused to support his party's candidate, Mr W.
Bali, the ancient language of the kingdom of Magadha, in which the sacred writings of Buddhism were made, was largely instrumental in forming all the languages of Further India, including Siamese - a fact which accounts for the numerous connecting links between the Mon, Burmese and Siamese languages of the present time, though these are of quite separate origin.
Hearsay evidence and the testimony of the perjured informer Lord Howard, whom Sidney had been instrumental in introducing to his friends, were first produced.
Jadwiga, the wife of Jagiello, was mainly instrumental in creating the university of Cracow, which received a charter in 1364, but did not come into effective existence till its reconstitution in 1400.
He himself was an alchemist; and believing the transmutation of metals to be a possibility, he carried out experiments in the hope of effecting it; and he was instrumental in obtaining the repeal, in 1689, of the statute of Henry IV.
The of tencited poems attributed to Nezahualcoyotl may not be quite genuine, but at any rate poetry had risen above the barbaric level, while the mention of ballads among the people, court odes, and the chants of temple choirs would indicate a vocal cultivation above that of the instrumental music of drums and horns, pipes and whistles, the latter often of pottery.
The Freemasons had been largely instrumental in overthrowing Iturbide; they now divided into the Escoceses (lodges of the Scottish ritual), who were Monarchist and Centralist, and the Yorkinos, who took their ritual from New York, and their cue, it was alleged, from the American minister, Joel Poinsett.
At Naples, where he studied law and displayed great literary activity, he rapidly acquired a prominent position, and in 1848 was instrumental in persuading Ferdinand II.
He was chiefly instrumental also in founding the Loyal and Patriotic Society of Upper Canada, which raised funds for the relief of the wounded and the assistance of the widows and orphans of the slain.
He took much interest in the educational affairs of the province, and in 1807 was instrumental in having provision made for the establishment of the first grammar schools.
whether this has been arrived at by increasing from a lower value or decreasing from a larger value; in other words, there should be no instrumental hysteresis.
In Glencoe is a fairy hill where the fairy music, vocal and instrumental, is heard in still weather.
In 1769 Pechlin sold the "Hats" as he had formerly sold the "Caps," and was largely instrumental in preventing the projected indispensable reform of the Swedish constitution.
were devoted to expounding his views, or rather his doctrines, on social and industrial problems, on education, morals and religion, wherein art becomes an incidental and instrumental means to a higher and more spiritual life.
Riccioli concluded that they existed only in the minds of the observers, and were due to instrumental and personal errors.
These results were unexpected, and, in fact, inexplicable by existing theories; and an examination of the telescope showed that the observed anomalies were not due to instrumental errors.
During 1861-1862 he was chairman of the important joint-committee on the conduct of the war, and in 1862, as chairman of the Senate Committee on Territories, was instrumental in abolishing slavery in the Federal Territories.
Realizing the superiority of European methods of warfare, he availed himself of the services of a Savoyard soldier of fortune, Benoit de Boigne, whose genius for military organization and command in the field was mainly instrumental in establishing the Mahratta power.
As tribune of the people in 61 B.C., he was chiefly instrumental in securing the acquittal of the notorious Publius Clodius when charged with having profaned the mysteries of Bona Dea (Cicero, Ad.
An active or causal verb requires before it the instrumental instead of the nominative case, which goes only before a neuter or intransitive verb.
Huc was, indeed, not only without science, perhaps without accurate knowledge of any kind, but also without that geographical sense which sometimes enables a traveller to bring back valuable contributions to geographical knowledge though unable to make instrumental observations.
A Republican in politics, and a firm believer in the doctrines of strict construction and state sovereignty which Thomas Jefferson had been principally instrumental in formulating, he opposed consistently the demand for internal improvements and increased tariff duties, and declined to follow Henry Clay in the proposed recognition of the independence of the Spanish colonies in South America and in the Missouri Compromise legislation.
During the Civil War he was instrumental in having necessary revenue measures passed in behalf of the administration.
He was largely instrumental in the foundation of ecoles normales in provincial towns, and himself gave courses of lectures on psychology and practical ethics in their early days.
he had been so largely instrumental in bringing about.
1566), who, though he himself was instrumental in introducing the reformed model into his other diocese of Verden, is reckoned as the last Roman Catholic archbishop of Bremen.
Richard Baxter, who was elected by the townsfolk as their minister in 1641, was instrumental in saving the town from a reputation of ignorance and depravity caused by the laxity of their clergy.
When Thiers, however, fell from power in May 1873, and a Royalist was placed at the head of the government in the person of Marshal MacMahon, Gambetta gave proof of his statesmanship by unceasingly urging his friends to a moderate course, and by his tact and parliamentary dexterity, no less than by his eloquence, he was mainly instrumental in the voting of the constitution in February 1875.
In August 1583 he was appointed archbishop of Canterbury, and thus was largely instrumental in giving its special complexion to the church of the Reformation.
At the Museum he was austere and remote among his companions, but was nevertheless instrumental in 1852 in starting the Volunteer movement.
Some of these, which may be called " earth-tremors," resemble earthquakes in the rapidity with which they occur, but differ from earthquakes in being imperceptible (owing to the smallness of the motion) until instrumental means are used to detect them.
There are male and female musical performers; the former are both instrumental and vocal, the latter (called Alrneh, p1.
,of which only shreds have reached us related how Seth had torn the eye of Horus from him, though not before he himself had suffered a still more serious mutilation; and by some rnea1~s, we know not how, the restoration of the eye was instrumental in bringing about, the vindication of Osiris.
One William Paterson, instrumental in founding the Bank of England, conceived the plan of a Scottish East India Company, which, in 1695, obtained a patent by act of parliament.
Together with Dellinger, Alzog was instrumental in convoking the famous Munich assembly of Catholic scholars in 1863.
Fossil as well as living animals engaged his attention, and in his studies of the strata around Paris he was instrumental in establishing the Tertiary formations.
He was now called upon, in advanced life, to undo not a little of the work in which he had been instrumental in his earlier years - to vindicate the legitimacy of the queen's birth and the lawfulness of her mother's marriage, to restore the old religion, and to recant what he himself had written touching the royal supremacy.
The various ways in which this special style could be modified by the scale of the work, and contrasted with the broader and more elaborate parts, gave the Mass (even in its merely technical aspects) a range which made it to the 16th-century composer what the symphony is to the great instrumental classics.
It is almost impossible, without asceticism of a radically inartistic kind, to treat with the resources of instrumental music and free harmony such passages as that from the Crucifixus to the Resurrexit, without an emotional contrast which inevitably throws any natural treatment of the Sanctus into the background, and makes the A gnus Dei an inadequate conclusion to the musical scheme.
Obviously the greatest difficulty in any elaborate instrumental setting of the Credo is the inevitable anti-climax after the Resurrexit.
This gives the utmost possible effect of finality to the whole Credo, and contrasts admirably with the coldly formal instrumental end of the Resurrexit three movements further back.
He was instrumental in bringing about the alliance with Prussia for the war of 1866 against Austria, and in the organization of the Italian railways.
With his wife, he was instrumental in organizing women's work upon a sound basis, and he did not a little for the healthful regulation of Anglican sisterhoods during the formative period in which this was particularly necessary.
For this Tait was by no means responsible as a whole: some of the provisions which proved most irksome were the result of amendments by Lord Shaftesbury which the bishops were unable to resist; and it must be borne in mind that the most disastrous results of the measure were not contemplated by those who were instrumental in passing it.
The determination of stellar parallaxes is a matter of great difficulty on account of the minuteness of the angle to be measured, for in no case does the parallax amount to I"; moreover, there is always an added difficulty in determining an annual change of position, for seasonal instrumental changes are liable to give rise to a spurious effect which will also have an annual period.
Very special precautions are required to eliminate instrumental error before we can compare observations, say, of a star on the meridian in winter at 6 p.m.
The first message of his first presidency had contained a severe reflection on the bank; and in the very height of this second campaign (July 1832) he vetoed the re-charter, which had been passed in 1 The charge was freely made then and afterwards (though, it is now believed, without justification) that Clay had supported Adams and by influencing his followers in the house had been instrumental in securing his election, as the result of a bargain by which Adams had agreed to pay him for his support by appointing him secretary of state.
Syllogism as formula for the exhibition of truth attained, and construction or what not as the instrumental process by which we reach the truth, have with writers since Hegel and Herbart tended to fall apart.
Syllogism is no instrumental method by which we compose our knowledge, but an ideal to the form of which it should be brought.
A concept is instrumental to an end beyond itself, without any validity other than its value for action.
attainments he is reported to have been acquainted with philosophy, and it is evident from his subsequent career that he had studied jurisprudence; moreover, besides being proficient in vocal and instrumental music, he cultivated the art of poetry with much success.
By Vallemont, who wrote towards the end of the 17th century, the divining-rod of hazel, or "baguette divinatoire," is described as instrumental in the pursuit of criminals.
Convinced that only by proper scientific investigations could the wholesale destruction of Egyptian antiquities be avoided, she devoted herself to arousing public opinion on the subject, and ultimately, in 1882, was largely instrumental in founding the Egypt Exploration Fund, of which she became joint honorary secretary with Reginald Stuart Poole.
instrumental music expressly contrived to illustrate in detail some poem or some succession of ideas or pictures.
It was Liszt's aim to bring about a direct alliance or amalgamation of instrumental music with poetry.
to connect instrumental music with conceptions not in themselves musical, for the order of the ideas that serve as a programme is apt to interfere with the order which the musical exposition naturally assumes - and the result in most cases is but an amalgam of irreconcilable materials.
Liszt's masterpiece in orchestral music is the Dante Symphony (1847-1855), the subject of which was particularly well suited to his temperament, and offered good chances for the display of his peculiar powers as a master of instrumental effect.
increased the number of English vicariates-apostolic in 1839, and from 1840 onward, as vicar-apostolic first of the Midland and afterwards of the London district, he was mainly instrumental in bringing the English Roman Catholic Church into closer touch with " the spirit of Rome."
His grandfather Empedocles was victorious in the Olympian chariot race in 496; in 4 70 his father Meto was largely instrumental in the overthrow of the tyrant Thrasydaeus.
He was instrumental in negotiating the marriage between Victor Emmanuel's daughter Clothilde and Napoleon's nephew, and during the war of 1859 he was always with the emperor.
In 1842, when the Quintuple Treaty was negotiated by representatives of England, France, Prussia, Russia and Austria for the suppression of the slave trade by the exercise of the right of search, Cass attacked it in a pamphlet entitled" An Examination of the Questions now in Discussion between the American and British Government Concerning the Right of Search," and presented to the French government a formal memorial which was probably instrumental in preventing the ratification of the treaty by France.
It was discovered by Captain (afterwards Sir James) Ross, during his expedition of 1829-1833, and was named after Sir Felix Booth, who had been chiefly instrumental in fitting out the expedition.
As secretary of the academy he was instrumental in assisting the publication of the collections of historic documents made by Hurmuzaki (30 vols., Bucharest, 1876-1897), and other acts and documents (Bucharest, 1900 sqq.), besides a number of minor political pamphlets of transitory value.
Mather, however, was instrumental in securing a new charter (signed on Oct.
But during the efficient administration of Lewis Cass, governor of the Territory from 1813 to 1831, the interference of the British was checked and many of the Indians were removed to the west of the Mississippi; printing presses, established during the same period at Detroit, Ann Arbor, Monroe and Pontiac, became largely instrumental in making the country better known; the first steamboat, the "Walk-in-the-Water," appeared at Detroit in 1818; the Erie canal was opened in 1825; by 1830 a daily boat line was running between Detroit and Buffalo, and the population of Michigan, which was only 4762 in 1810 and 8896 in 1820, increased to 31,639 in 1830 and 212,267 in 1840.
There is plenty of singing but no instrumental music. Prayer is offered standing towards the East; at Pentecost, kneeling.
He contributed largely to several scientific periodicals, and was instrumental in founding the Astronomical (1820) and Statistical (1834) Societies.
The power thus generated has been largely instrumental in creating the city of Paterson (q.v.).
In 1050 he was largely instrumental in restoring Sweyn, the son of Earl Godwin, to his earldom, and about the same time went to Rome "on the king's errand."
Apart from the large scope of his activity, he introduced such important novelties as the effective use of the heliometer, the correction for personal equation (in 1823), and the systematic investigation of instrumental errors.
Early in the spring of 1708 the prince proceeded to Flanders, in order to assume the command of the German army which his diplomatic ability had been mainly instrumental in assembling, and to unite his forces with those of Marlborough.
No instrumental survey has been made, nor have all its intricate windings been explored.
A victory gained by him in August 13 3 2 was mainly instrumental in freeing Pomerania for a time from the vexatious claim of Brandenburg to supremacy over the duchy, which moreover he extended by conquest.
Writing and reciting poetry are universal, and fill as important a place in social life as instrumental music. In Colombia, as elsewhere, much attention has been given to belles-lettres among the whites of Spanish descent, but as yet the republic has practically nothing of a permanent character to show for it.
The Liberal party had been instrumental in the reelection of Nunez, and looked for a policy in conformity with their views and political convictions.
He had meantime (in 1742) been appointed to succeed Edmund Halley as astronomer royal; his enhanced reputation enabled him to apply successfully for an instrumental outfit at a cost of 1000; and with an 8-foot quadrant completed for him in 1750 by John Bird (1709-1776), he accumulated at Greenwich in ten years materials of inestimable value for the reform of astronomy.
Shortly afterwards Barrow resigned his chair, and was instrumental in securing Newton's election as his successor.
He effected a temporary adjustment of the Jansenist controversy; was instrumental in concluding the peace of Aix-laChapelle (1668); healed a long-standing breach between the Holy See and Portugal; aided Venice against the Turks, and laboured unceasingly for the relief of Crete, the fall of which hastened his death on the 9th of October 1669.
In music, an offertory is the vocal or instrumental setting of the offertory sentences, or a short instrumental piece played by the organist while the collection is being made.
Above all he was instrumental in framing the new criminal code, based on more humanitarian principles, which was issued in 1835.
In the following year, as Prussian plenipotentiary at the congress of Prague, he was mainly instrumental in inducing Austria to unite with Prussia and Russia against France; in 1815 he was one of the signatories of the capitulation of Paris, and the same year was occupied in drawing up the treaty between Prussia and Saxony, by which the territory of the former was largely increased at the expense of the latter.
Similarly the comparative failure of science to satisfy men's aspirations alike in knowledge and, so far as the happiness of the masses is concerned, in practice has been largely instrumental in producing that revolt against material prosperity as the end of conduct which is characteristic of idealist moral philosophy.
He enjoyed the favour of Conrad's successor, Frederick I.; was probably instrumental in settling the dispute over the duchy of Bavaria in 1156; was present at the famous diet at Besancon in 1157, and, still retaining the dress of a Cistercian monk, died at Morimond on the 22nd of September 1158.
But his plan of attack was not happily chosen; he carried it out with deficient instrumental means; and his administration (1720 - Halley.
There is no more curious episode in German history than the success with which Bismarck acquired the services of many of the men of 1848, but Liebknecht remained faithful to his principles and resigned his editorship. He became a member of the Arbeiterverein, and after the death of Ferdinand Lassalle he was the chief mouthpiece in Germany of Karl Marx, and was instrumental in spreading the influence of the newlyfounded International.
In conjunction with Sir George Newman he was mainly instrumental in securing the medical treatment of school children and State provision for medical research; and he was one of the few doctors of distinction who supported Mr. Lloyd George in his struggle with the profession over the Insurance Act (1912).
C. Chandler to determine the latitude or correct the timepiece, of great value because of its freedom from instrumental errors.
Ljudevit Gaj (1809-1872), though he failed to create an artificial literary language by the fusion of the principal dialects spoken by Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, was by his championship of Illyrism instrumental in securing the triumph of the Stokavci.
The death of Francis I.s mother, Louise of Savoy (who had been partly instrumental in arranging the peace of Cambrai), the replacement of Montmorency by the bellicose Chabot, and the advent to power of a Burgundian, Granvella, as Charles Vs prime minister, put an end to this double-faced policy, which attacked the Calvinists of France while supporting the Lutherans of Germany; made advances to Clement VII.
It was amongst them, especially in Maimonides, that Aristotelianism found refuge after the light of philosophy was extinguished in Islam; and the Jewish family of the Ben-Tibbon were mainly instrumental in making Averroes known to southern France.
From the above instances we see that an instrumental appliance that polarizes a beam of light may be used as a means of detecting and examining polarization.
Barbarossa, was instrumental in procuring his execution.
It may be added here that the interest taken by him in Birmingham remained undiminished during his life, and he was largely instrumental in starting the Birmingham University (1900), of which he became chancellor.
He was mainly instrumental, after the death of Sigismund II., in remodelling the Polish constitution and procuring the election of Henry of Valois.
118), who was instrumental in delivering her nation from captivity.
Groener was instrumental in maintaining, in spite of strikes and other difficulties, the cooperation of the German trade unions in securing a steady supply of munitions.
Poems were generally sung or chanted, with instrumental accompaniment.
These motets are usually in the vernacular and usually expect only continuo accompaniment, tho some do have optional instrumental doubling parts.
This final track is an atmospheric instrumental piece which is of a fairly ambient / repetitive nature.
applicative prefix to ' reference ' an instrumental argument.
Also, the BBC sessions are, like many from the time, the instrumental backing with some new vocals dubbed on.
Second, sub-tree crossover is thought instrumental in causing program size bloat; an issue which is discussed in the following section.
Just the two vocals tunes here and one of those contains a six minutes instrumental coda, but we don't mind too much.
colloid used is instrumental in the final success of the project.
Guidance is given to some of the instrumental settings that may affect this constancy.
By 1928, deprived of their national game, the welsh contingent had been instrumental in forming the Slough club.
The tunes are tighter and more traditionally songlike after this, which is a shame cos sprawling instrumental meltdowns are much more fun.
At phrase-level, all constituents containing an instrumental are labeled dative.
elemental abundances and instrumental spectral resolution and then calculate and plot the spectrum.
His mother's encouragement was instrumental in his interest in the countryside, especially its traditions, folklore and antiquities.
I thought the Senior Choir and the instrumental ensemble were magnificent.
The song also has a wonderful instrumental fade-out... something A.C.T. have perfected on a number of the tracks here.
O sacrum convivium appears to have its origins as an instrumental fantasia and then to have been re-written as a vocal piece.
The later instrumental section is very up-tempo and features some splendid harmonica and saxophone sounds.
Instrumental in bringing EDA to Send was Sue Turner, the gym instructor, who noticed the obsessive way some women weighed themselves.
Quaker culture proved instrumental in material and commercial advancement.
instrumental rationality could account for the rational structure underlying our natural languages.
instrumental tuition given to groups of no more than four pupils.
instrumental interludes that make for some really nicely balanced songs - it's all here!
The music that was written for them is among the first purely instrumental music ever to be written.
The consultation document makes the case for a largely instrumental motivation in the case of most students.
Reason is mainly instrumental; it needs to be guided.
From the word go, this CD was a) known to be exclusively instrumental, and b) predominantly guitar based.
The arguments are fundamentally moral, rather than merely instrumental.
instrumental in the founding of one of England's most famous football clubs?
instrumental in the establishment of the Wildlife Trust some seven years later.
instrumental in the creation of the NFB itself.
instrumental in the formation of FEMA.
instrumental in the success of the Great Exhibition of 1851.
instrumental in the development of women's boxing at Oxford.
Legal rules are then instrumental to the achievement of the posited goal; call this approach rule instrumentalism.
One he heard on a Jimmy Nail TV series, which was once also part of the instrumental interlude, ' Marche Slave ' .
For instance, maybe a bridge or hook is too long. or, perhaps, an instrumental intro could be shortened for radio.
Individual instrumental lessons are offered to full time students.
Tommy still includes a similar instrumental medley in the stage act.
Their instrumental sound twinkles with light casting the shadows in which Maclure's gasps, exhalations and vocal melismas can be found.
Then came ' Just One Day ', a warm, rich song with an intense instrumental midsection.
motet O sacrum convivium actually started life as an instrumental fantasia.
Does a blue-crowned motmot or a violaceous euphonia really want to hear strange instrumental shrieks before breakfast?
Then there's the instrumental ' The Return of Spring ', a very pastoral uplifting piece of folky rock.
She worked tirelessly for naval wives and families and was instrumental in getting widows pensions introduced in 1894.
A short instrumental with lilting lead guitar, gentle percussion, synths and Hammond organ.
instrumental phonetics is about using instruments (in particular, visual representations of phonetic phenomena) to gain insight in speech.
pointe skills brilliantly during an instrumental section.
Keyboard wizz Rod Argent added instrumental prowess to the group, the rhythm section were solid.
In the end, one might be left with no more than the kernel of instrumental rationality.
A flourishing Musical Society organizes choral, orchestral and chamber concerts, as well as instrumental recitals throughout the year.
This single is completed by the obligatory instrumental remix of the ' A ' side.
However he did resolve to carry out the task, and began investigating various primers on musical rudiments then popular with instrumental pupils.
Hon. Tony Blair MP, Prime Minister: The Children's Society has been instrumental in drawing attention to the problems facing young runaways.
Tallis's motet O sacrum convivium actually started life as an instrumental fantasia.
The spinning saucers are instrumental craft that are unmanned.
A frantic instrumental punctuated only by a blood- curdling scream from MacGowan, it ' articulates ' perfectly how unjust these laws were.
The development of intensity as a tool thus predates instrumental seismology (although really not by very much ).
shaketarted shaking with laughter from the instrumental introduction to the song.
shame cos sprawling instrumental meltdowns are much more fun.
Vocal and instrumental soloists, choirs, bands, children, adults - you name it and they will be there!
She was instrumental in getting streetlights for four streets and drinking water connection to eight households.
supercool instrumental for the main theme?
Instrumental accompaniment TBC but will include tabla, kora, keyboards.
In the Uruguay Round, the EU was instrumental in securing an average reduction of 40% in industrial customs tariffs among the participants.
Quack Quack are from Leeds, an instrumental three-piece consisting of bassist, drummer and keyboardist.
tillage methods and early drilling is also instrumental.
Some have even commented on the difference in the sounds - i.e. the difference in the instrumental timbre.
Omega have been instrumental in many of the Olympic games, where they have been the official timekeepers.
top scorer Dean Windass proved instrumental in the Tigers successes and brought a steady stream of visiting scouts to Boothferry Park.
Schools may charge for instrumental tuition given to groups of no more than four pupils.
By this I am not talking about his instrumental virtuosity despite it being clearly evident.
For the next century the rate of progress was slow, though the ideas of Volta in Italy and the instrumental devices of Sir.
His influence was at first paramount, both with the Unionist party and with the more moderate elements of the Left, and it was he who was mainly instrumental in imposing the principle of a united empire with a common parliament, and in carrying the election of the Archduke John as regent.
He was instrumental in securing the Tower for the parliament, and in obtaining the adhesion of Admiral Lawson and the fleet.
The instrumental equipment of that observatory was somewhat antiquated, his largest telescope being a small refractor of 73 lines aperture, but he selected a line of work to suit the instruments at his disposal, observing nebulae and variable stars and keeping a watch on comets and new planets.
Modern composers have often produced their most characteristic orchestral effects with fewer contrasting elements than Bach uses in his Trauer-Ode, in the pastoral symphony in his Christmas Oratorio, in the first chorus of the cantata Liebster Gott, wann werd' ich sterben, and in many other cases; but the modern instrumental effects are as far outside Bach's scope as a long passage of preparation on the dominant leading to the return of a first subject is beyond the scope of a gigue in a suite.
Bach himself is known to have executed it in a very polyphonic style, and this for the excellent reason that plain chords would have contrasted so strongly with the real instrumental parts that they could not fail to attract attention even in the softest tones of the harpsichord or the organ, while light polyphony in these tones would elude the ear and at the same time perfectly bridge over the gap in the harmony.
And it will be found that the method of performance which most nearly justifies the instrumental effect of these otherwise beautiful works is that in which the pianoforte player regards himself as frequently doubling the stringed instruments, and not vice versa.
In his gigantic designs it inevitably happens that instrumental resources are strained to their utmost, and there is, perhaps,, hardly anything which the makers and players of instruments can be trained to do which is too remote to be demanded by some extreme dramatic necessity in Wagner's scheme.
Least of all can it conduce to the formation of sound critical standards for the new instrumentation which is now in process of development for the future forms of instrumental music. These, we cannot doubt, will be as profoundly influenced by Wagner as the sonata style was influenced by Gluck.
In his defence, whilst denying that he had received the money and appealing to his past services, he did not attempt to conceal the fact that according to his experience bribery was an acknowledged and universal custom in public business, and that he himself had been instrumental in obtaining money for others.
The Cleveland Chamber of Commerce, an organization of 1600 leading business men, is a power for varied good in the city; besides its constant and aggressive work in promoting the commercial interests of the city, it was largely influential in the federal reform of the consular service; it studied the question of overcrowded tenements and secured the passage of a new tenement law with important sanitary provisions and a set minimum of air space; it urges and promotes home-gardening, public baths and play-grounds, and lunch-rooms, &c., for employes in factories; and it was largely instrumental in devising and carrying out the so-called "Group Plan" described above.
The main lines of his great work were laid down at Heilsberg; at Frauenburg, from 1513, he sought, with scanty instrumental means, to test by observation the truth of the views it embodied (see Astronomy: History).
These belong to a group of four auxiliary particles called te ni wo ha (or we), which serve to mark the cases of nouns, te (or de) being the sign of the instrumental ablative; ni that of the dative; wo that of the objective, and wa that of the nominative.
So it came to pass that, while he was unable, by reason of imperfect training and too tardy development, with all his pains, to make any contribution to physical science or to mathematics as instrumental in physical research, he attempted a task which no other adherent of the new " mechanical philosophy " conceived - nothing less than such a universal construction of human knowledge as would bring Society and Man (at once the matter and maker of Society) within the same principles of scientific explanation as were found applicable to the world of Nature.
The music, vocal and instrumental, is generally of little compass, and in the minor key; it is therefore plaintive, and strikes a European ear as somewhat monotonous, though often possessing a simple beauty, and the charm of antiquity, for there is little doubt that the favorite airs have been handed down from remote ages.
With modern orchestral conditions the text seems positively to demand an unecclesiastical, not to say sensational, style, and probably the only instrumental Requiem Masses which can be said to be great church music are the sublime unfinished work of Mozart (the antecedents of which would be a very interesting subject) and the two beautiful works by Cherubini.
By the side of it ranks the Faust Symphony (1854-1857), in which the moods of Goethe's characters - Faust, Gretchen and Mephistopheles - are depicted in three instrumental movements, with a chorus of male voices, supplying a kind of comment, by way of close.
He was the warmest opponent of the State in the Kulturkampf provoked by Prince Bismarck after the publication of the Vatican decrees, and was largely instrumental in compelling that statesman to retract the pledge he had rashly given, never to "go to Canossa."
In church matters, as in philosophy, the two were opposed,- Pletho maintaining strongly the principles of the Greek Church, and being unwilling to accept union through compromise, while Georgios, more politic and cautious, pressed the necessity for union and was instrumental in drawing up a form which from its vagueness and ambiguity might be accepted by both parties.
No instrumental survey of the Mammoth Cave has ever been allowed by the management.
Hon. Tony Blair MP, Prime Minister: The Children 's Society has been instrumental in drawing attention to the problems facing young runaways.
Thus France was instrumental in scuppering plans to promote the free movement of services within the EU.
The development of intensity as a tool thus predates instrumental seismology (although really not by very much).
Post Peel Skin Calming Balm: Bisabolol is a powerful soothing agent and instrumental in reducing and calming sensitized skins.
I started shaking with laughter from the instrumental introduction to the song.
Vocal and instrumental soloists, choirs, bands, children, adults - you name it and they will be there !
Its highly distinctive sound is based on an instrumental combination of harp, cuatro (a small, four stringed guitar) and maracas.
But I thought they were going for supercool instrumental for the main theme?
They were instrumental in the ceremonies, tending the altar fires, and offering prayers to Mithra at dawn, noon and dusk.
Use of minimum tillage methods and early drilling is also instrumental.
Top scorer Dean Windass proved instrumental in the Tigers successes and brought a steady stream of visiting scouts to Boothferry Park.
Proven performance: An instrumental measurement test demonstrated 89% effectiveness on wrinkle depth from the moment of application.
Not only is it instrumental in helping you get a decent night's sleep, something that doesn't come easy to so many people, it also serves as the focal point in a bedroom design.
Music: Either vocal or instrumental music can be used to help focus this meditation and remove the isolation each individual feels.
While most practitioners prefer relaxing, instrumental music, others may relax better with stronger selections.
Instead of blasting loud Christmas music throughout the reception dinner, play a mix of instrumental holiday favorites in the background.
"My experience as a certified financial planner along with my MBA were instrumental in my professional development," she elaborates.
He was forced to attend classes to appear with the troupe and even though he wasn't enthusiastic about these studies at the time, they were instrumental in helping him achieve his breakthrough role.
This past decade has been instrumental in increasing the public's knowledge of healthy foods and a lifestyle that is more ecologically aware.
Division of Music offers programs in vocal and instrumental music.
The process can still be stressful at times, but it's important to keep in mind that majors can be changed and that they aren't necessarily instrumental to what many people choose to do after graduation.
During World War II, Burpee's company was instrumental in promoting the Victory garden which encouraged civilians to plant home gardens to aid the war effort.
As a live piece, it was used as a basis for long and experimental instrumental jams, allowing the band members to showcase their musical talents.
It was the album's second track, an instrumental solo guitar piece appropriately named Eruption, that took this unknown guitarist from Pasadena, California and instantly catapulted him to the highest echelons of guitar royalty.
He is also a Grammy winning guitar player whose career has been instrumental in bringing the bossa nova style of music to the world.
If there is a particularly catchy melody that is sung during a song's chorus, a guitar player will often play the same melody on the guitar during the song's instrumental break.
Part of bluegrass' charm lies in the instrumental solos which are improvisational and notoriously difficult to play.
Touting itself as a multi-genre magazine, Fingerstyle Guitar features coverage of several genres, from more traditional country tunes to contemporary instrumental music.
There are instrumental acoustic musicians whose sounds are both clean and noisy.
Ondol was also an instrumental factor when it came to the design of Korean clothing, as loose clothing and easy-to-remove shoes allowed for more comfortable living.
Concerts - Both vocal and instrumental concerts are enjoyed by nearly everyone.
Your ability to trust your doctor and feel comfortable with their diagnosis will be instrumental in your willingness to follow the treatment which is recommended.
These two growers began the rebirth of the Seneca Lake wine region and were instrumental in its success today.
For one thing, these behaviors often "work" in the sense that they can be instrumental in achieving desired goals.
They are instrumental in the development of the child's distinct personality and behavior.
The banjo, another important instrumental aspect of country western dancing in these early days, derives from Africa.
Full of award-winning choreography, the entire show is a dancer's delight; however, some of the instrumental songs, which feature significant amounts of chorus dancing, are highlights in the show.
Another key instrumental dance interlude is the prologue to the show, which sets the dance scene before the show is even up and running.
Using word mapping in grades one to six can be instrumental in helping children learn new words.
Best of all, you will know you are instrumental in creating the adult he will some day become.
This type of tracking tool can be instrumental to successful conception and many women depend on it.
In Toy Story 3, they are donated to Sunnyside Day Care along with the rest of Andy's toys and are instrumental in saving the others from a perilous situation.
The nutrient is also instrumental in keeping blood vessels flexible and healthy as well as regulating proper bone development.
The B vitamins, especially B6, B12, and folic acid are believed to help memory because they are instrumental in creating red blood cells which are responsible for carrying oxygen to the brain.
However, despite the uncertainty, it's clear that Albert March made an important innovation in 1905 that was instrumental in helping the toaster evolve into it's modern form.
During the 1940s, Waring was instrumental in popularizing the blended fruit drink Americans now know as the "smoothie."
Throughout Red Cross' history, it has been particularly instrumental during hurricane season.
Although they produce other music, they are most well known for their instrumental holiday music.
Often churches of all denominations offer instrumental services or choir driven services throughout December.
School officials in New Jersey banned all traditional Christmas carols, including the instrumental versions.
In 2005, China's Twelve Girl Band released an instrumental version of "Last Christmas" with an unusual Asian flair.
Uncle Dave's Free Christmas Music provides fun and upbeat instrumental Christmas music as free downloads.
Goodwin Music Co. Country Music Lyrics & Chords is a website that not only provides lyrical information for country Christmas music, but also the instrumental chording information.
Here is an instrumental version performed by Loreena McKennitt.
Instrumental Christmas songs are perfect for this purpose, mixed with classic holiday favorites.
Motets, Baroque music, English carols from the Middle Ages, and German folk songs are all instrumental in forming our modern holiday music traditions.
The colors are instrumental in identifying costumes for praise dancing.
Instrumental music is best so you can focus on your conversation.
After you've gone to the sites listed in this article, you can also use the search terms EVP, electronic voice phenomenon, instrumental transcommunication and/or ITC in Google.
The site carries both instrumental and vocal arrangements of the song.
Susan Lucci - The first lady of daytime spent a season playing a psychotic who was instrumental in the death of Bobby's wife April while they were on their honeymoon.
Before becoming co-owner of Miami Ink, Chris worked in construction and was instrumental in refurbishing the storefront the tattoo shop now occupies.
At New Earth, you'll find bamboo flute yoga music as well as layered instrumental and vocal compositions from a wide collective of artists.
Many find instrumental yoga Christian music to be very soothing, and find that music without words makes for less of a distraction.
Tami Briggs' album My Piece I Give You is full of instrumental, Christian songs played on the harp.
Janine Turner's Christian music CD, is another instrumental album.
Visit websites such as Last.fm to find healing and instrumental music appropriate for your practice.
She was also instrumental in introducing yoga to the people of South America.
Knowing how to develop a business plan is instrumental to building any business.
The Mother changes the alcohol into acetic acid and develops delicate enzymes and complex proteins which play an instrumental role in the health benefits of apple cider vinegar that you're looking for.
With lyrics based on the elusive American Dream and some stunning instrumental work, The Eagles have collected a mass of followers who can relate to the messages behind the music.
Marti's unique vocal abilities and surprising range enhanced by some stunning, fresh sounding instrumental work captured the attention of thousands of fans and resulted in the album hitting platinum status five times over!
'The Memphis Sessions' came out in 1988, featuring some smooth instrumental works and mellow vocals resulting in a number 3 position and platinum status.
The band's only consistent member is front man Trent Reznor, who generally records most or all instrumental parts on the albums.
The album featured prominent instrumental creativity, including many instrumental tracks.
Post-rock is generally guitar-centred and instrumental, avoiding the use of common riffs and song structures in favour of atmospheric and cyclical movements.
For some people, music is all about the instrumentation, and free instrumental music downloads are a great way to get your vocal free music fix.
Finding instrumental music on your favorite free music download sites, however, can be a tough task.
Many downloading site specialize in Top 40 or chart music, and instrumental songs rarely become chart topping hits.
So, does that all mean all is lost, and you have to give up on finding free instrumental music downloads to add to your collection?
LTK Music has compiled this list of free instrumental music downloads for your listening pleasure, plus, we've let you know where we find all our free music, so you keep on adding to your collection.
Instrumental music can mean anything from electronia to classical to folk, and just about everything in between.