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inoculation

inoculation

inoculation Sentence Examples

  • Would the inoculation of the attenuated virus have a remedial effect on an animal already bitten ?

  • He began the practice of inoculation for hydrophobia in 1885.

  • From supersaturated solutions the form unstable at the temperature of the experiment is, as a rule, separated, especially on the introduction of a crystal of the unstable form; and, in some cases, similar inoculation of the fused substance is attended by the same result.

  • It encountered many difficulties, and until the definite proof of the stegomyia hypothesis of yellowfever inoculation made by the United States army surgeons in Cuba in 1900, the greatest problem seemed insoluble.

  • The Stegomyia mosquito is the agent of yellow fever inoculation.

  • The Cuban coast was uninterruptedly full of infection, and the danger of an outbreak in each year was never absent, until the work of the United States army in 1901-1902 conclusively proved that this disease, though ineradicable by the most extreme sanitary measures, based on the accepted theory of its origin as a filth-disease, could be eradicated entirely by removing the possibility of inoculation by the Stegomyia mosquito.

  • Serum and bile inoculation were the means of saving a considerable percentage of the herds.

  • Pasteur's inoculation against hydrophobia is on the same principle.

  • More important in their results than any of these works were the discoveries of Edward Jenner, respecting the prevention of small-pox by vaccination, in which he superseded the partially useful but dangerous practice of inoculation, which.

  • In this manner organisms obtained from red clover can be grown and applied to the seed of red clover; and similar inoculation can be arranged for other species, so that an application of the bacteria most suited to the particular crop to be cultivated can be assured.

  • In many cases it has been found that inoculation, whether of the soil or of the seed, has not made any appreciable difference to the growth of the crop, a result no doubt due to the fact that the soil had already contained within it an abundant supply of suitable organisms. But in other instances greatly increased yields have been obtained where inoculation has been practised.

  • He also wrote in favour of inoculation, and on various other subjects, mainly connected with his work in South America.

  • His labours in the decline of life were chiefly directed to the doctrine of probabilities in reference to practical purposes, and in particular to economical subjects, as, for example, to inoculation, and to the duration of married life in the two sexes, as well as to the relative proportion of male and female births.

  • - Trypanosoma equiperdum (of dourine), in the blood of a rat eight days after inoculation.

  • The Bombay Plague Research Committee, whose experience is unequalled, say: " In a number of instances points of inoculation were found on the extremities of patients, from which plague cultures were obtained, and in these cases buboes were found above the point of inoculation.

  • From the fact that bacilli are hardly ever found in the blood of bubonic cases it may be inferred that they are arrested by the lymphatic glands next above the seat of inoculation, and that the fight - which is the illness - takes place largely in the bubo; in non-bubonic cases they are not so arrested, and the fight takes place in the general circulatory system, or in the lungs.

  • Inoculation with Haffkine's prophylactic fluid should be offered to all persons willing to avail themselves of it.

  • Inoculation is harmless, and the results obtained in India justify a favourable opinion of its protective efficacy.'

  • At Hubli, where nearly the whole population was inoculated between the lath of May and the 27th of September ' The system of inoculation against plague with a fluid prepared from sterilized virus of the disease was introduced in India by Professor Haffkine early in 1897.

  • In September 1902 the standard method of manufacturing this fluid was changed by the director of the Plague Institute on his own authority, with the object of expediting the process, and thus meeting the heavy demand then being made by the Punjab government in connexion with a large scheme of inoculation.

  • Inoculation protects against attack, and greatly modifies the illness when it fails to protect.

  • (4) The conclusions of the Institute coincide with those of the commission that in all probability tetanus was at the time of inoculation in the fluid contained in the bottle, but that it is impossible to determine at what stage in its history or in what way the bottle (53-n) became contaminated."

  • During the smallpox epidemic of 1721 he attempted in vain to have treatment by inoculation employed, for the first time in America; and for this he was bitterly attacked on all sides, and his life was at one time in danger; but, nevertheless, he used the treatment on his son, who recovered, and he wrote An Account of the Method and further Success of Inoculating for the Small Pox in London (r 721).

  • By inoculation with increasing doses of these the resistance of the organism is greatly increased and the invading microbes destroyed.

  • Another therapeutic method which is historically much older than that of serum therapeutics is that of inoculation.

  • The idea of inoculation, therefore, was to infect an individual with a mild form of the disease, so that he should escape infection by a more virulent one.

  • By inoculating first with a weak virus and then with others which were stronger and stronger, he was able completely to protect oxen either from the effects of inoculation with the strongest virus or from infection through contact with other animals suffering from the disorder.

  • On the other hand, he found the weakened virus could be again strengthened by inoculating a feeble animal such as a guinea-pig a day or two old with it, and then inoculating stronger and stronger animals: an increase in strength was gained with each inoculation, until at last the virus could attack the strongest.

  • Two methods of protective inoculation have been used.

  • Rayer in 1850 and Davaine had observed the bacilli in the blood of animals dead of anthrax (splenic fever), and Pollender discovered them anew in 1855 In 1863, imbued with ideas derived from Pasteur's researches on fermentation, Davaine reinvestigated the matter, and put forth the opinion that the anthrax bacilli caused the splenic fever; this was proved to result from inoculation.

  • The principles of protective inoculation have been developed and practically applied on a large scale, notably by W.

  • (i) the discovery of a bacterium in the affected tissues by means of the microscope; (2) the obtaining of the bacterium in pure culture; and (3) the production of the disease by inoculation with a pure culture.

  • Each bacterium capable of growth gives rise to a colony visible to the naked eye, and if the colonies are sufficiently apart, an inoculation can be made from any one to a tube of culture-medium and a pure culture obtained.

  • The full description of a particular bacterium implies an account not only of its microscopical characters, but also of its growth characters in various culture media, its biological properties, and the effects produced in animals by inoculation.

  • It is found that if the inoculation be made deep down in a solid medium, growth of an anaerobic organism will take place, especially if the medium contains some reducing agent such as glucose.

  • In testing the effects of bacteria by inoculation the smaller rodents, rabbits, guinea-pigs, and mice, are usually employed.

  • For purposes of inoculation young vigorous cultures must be used.

  • By immunity is meant non-susceptibility to a given disease, or to experimental inoculation with a given bacterium or toxin.

  • animal may be readily susceptible to a disease on experimental inoculation, and yet rarely or never suffer from it naturally, because the necessary conditions of infection are not supplied in nature.

  • Animals naturally susceptible may acquire immunity, on the one hand by successfully passing through an attack of the disease, or, on the other hand, by various methods of inoculation.

  • The methods of active immunity have been practically applied in preventive inoculation against disease; those of passive immunity have given us serum therapeutics.

  • Hence follows the idea of producing a modified attack of the disease as a means of prevention - a principle which had been previously applied in inoculation against smallpox.

  • Of the chief methods used in producing active immunity the first is by inoculation with bacteria whose virulence has been diminished, i.e.

  • Cultures of varying degree of virulence may be obtained by such methods, and immunity can be gradually increased by inoculation with vaccines of increasing virulence.

  • Almost immediately afterwards he was inoculated for smallpox, which was raging in Princeton and vicinity, and, always feeble, he died of the inoculation on the 28th of March 1758.

  • Inoculation was extensively tried in some cases.

  • He was consulted as an oracle on all questions of casuistry - as, for example, on the lawfulness of inoculation for the small-pox.

  • Pathogenicity was confirmed by spray inoculation of the leaves on tuberous begonia and strawberry begonia plants.

  • The update indicated that experimental BSE in sheep had been transmitted to mice through the intracerebral inoculation of infected spleen material.

  • cellulase production by burying cotton strips with the fungi, then, after inoculation, measuring the tensile strength of the strips.

  • The inoculation was probably for braxy, louping-ill or lamb dysentery.

  • In 1909, Landsteiner and Popper (4) transmitted poliomyelitis to monkeys by the intracerebral inoculation of human brain tissue homogenates.

  • Six weeks after inoculation brownish, sunken lesions were observed on the base of stems of seedlings inoculated with all anastomosis groups.

  • Also, isolates were pathogenic on tomato following stem inoculation.

  • Experiments involving the inoculation of sheep brains were currently under way.

  • They took tissue from everyone who received a small pox inoculation.

  • The commercial farmers used superior varieties which required inoculation.

  • The intracerebral inoculation of mice with herpes simplex virus produces lesions similar to those seen in the human herpes simplex viral encephalitis.

  • In mink, early transmission of TME by subcutaneous inoculation had led to the proposal that natural transmission might be initiated via wounds.

  • Sap of symptomatic plants was used for mechanical inoculation of test plants.

  • Figure 3. artificial inoculation of Verticillium dahliae on Hebe.

  • direct inoculation of bovine tissue could arise accidentally in certain occupations.

  • inoculation injury.

  • inoculation techniques is very valuable.

  • inoculation requirements, advice about destinations can change.

  • inoculation training.

  • inoculation programs.

  • inoculation site.

  • smallpox inoculation is now no longer required for any country.

  • Changing the subject a bit we have stress inoculation training.

  • It can persist for up to 13 days post inoculation.

  • Six week old salt-tolerant lucerne seedlings (Medicago media) were inoculated by the method of root dipping and wound inoculation.

  • The government provides the infrastructure - the drains, sewers, inoculation programs, which enable us all to take preventive medicine seriously.

  • smallpox inoculation is now no longer required for any country.

  • The odour alone of guaco has been said to cause in snakes a state of stupor and torpidity; and Humboldt, who observed that the near approach of a rod steeped in guaco-juice was obnoxious to the venomous Coluber corallinus, was of opinion that inoculation with it imparts to the perspiration an odour which makes reptiles unwilling to bite.

  • This is also caused by the presence of a microbe, of which the virus can also be attenuated, and by inoculation of this weakened virus the animal rendered immune.

  • Would the inoculation of the attenuated virus have a remedial effect on an animal already bitten ?

  • He began the practice of inoculation for hydrophobia in 1885.

  • From supersaturated solutions the form unstable at the temperature of the experiment is, as a rule, separated, especially on the introduction of a crystal of the unstable form; and, in some cases, similar inoculation of the fused substance is attended by the same result.

  • It encountered many difficulties, and until the definite proof of the stegomyia hypothesis of yellowfever inoculation made by the United States army surgeons in Cuba in 1900, the greatest problem seemed insoluble.

  • The Stegomyia mosquito is the agent of yellow fever inoculation.

  • The Cuban coast was uninterruptedly full of infection, and the danger of an outbreak in each year was never absent, until the work of the United States army in 1901-1902 conclusively proved that this disease, though ineradicable by the most extreme sanitary measures, based on the accepted theory of its origin as a filth-disease, could be eradicated entirely by removing the possibility of inoculation by the Stegomyia mosquito.

  • Serum and bile inoculation were the means of saving a considerable percentage of the herds.

  • Pasteur's inoculation against hydrophobia is on the same principle.

  • More important in their results than any of these works were the discoveries of Edward Jenner, respecting the prevention of small-pox by vaccination, in which he superseded the partially useful but dangerous practice of inoculation, which.

  • In this manner organisms obtained from red clover can be grown and applied to the seed of red clover; and similar inoculation can be arranged for other species, so that an application of the bacteria most suited to the particular crop to be cultivated can be assured.

  • In many cases it has been found that inoculation, whether of the soil or of the seed, has not made any appreciable difference to the growth of the crop, a result no doubt due to the fact that the soil had already contained within it an abundant supply of suitable organisms. But in other instances greatly increased yields have been obtained where inoculation has been practised.

  • He also wrote in favour of inoculation, and on various other subjects, mainly connected with his work in South America.

  • His labours in the decline of life were chiefly directed to the doctrine of probabilities in reference to practical purposes, and in particular to economical subjects, as, for example, to inoculation, and to the duration of married life in the two sexes, as well as to the relative proportion of male and female births.

  • - Trypanosoma equiperdum (of dourine), in the blood of a rat eight days after inoculation.

  • The Bombay Plague Research Committee, whose experience is unequalled, say: " In a number of instances points of inoculation were found on the extremities of patients, from which plague cultures were obtained, and in these cases buboes were found above the point of inoculation.

  • From the fact that bacilli are hardly ever found in the blood of bubonic cases it may be inferred that they are arrested by the lymphatic glands next above the seat of inoculation, and that the fight - which is the illness - takes place largely in the bubo; in non-bubonic cases they are not so arrested, and the fight takes place in the general circulatory system, or in the lungs.

  • Inoculation with Haffkine's prophylactic fluid should be offered to all persons willing to avail themselves of it.

  • Inoculation is harmless, and the results obtained in India justify a favourable opinion of its protective efficacy.'

  • At Hubli, where nearly the whole population was inoculated between the lath of May and the 27th of September ' The system of inoculation against plague with a fluid prepared from sterilized virus of the disease was introduced in India by Professor Haffkine early in 1897.

  • In September 1902 the standard method of manufacturing this fluid was changed by the director of the Plague Institute on his own authority, with the object of expediting the process, and thus meeting the heavy demand then being made by the Punjab government in connexion with a large scheme of inoculation.

  • Inoculation protects against attack, and greatly modifies the illness when it fails to protect.

  • (4) The conclusions of the Institute coincide with those of the commission that in all probability tetanus was at the time of inoculation in the fluid contained in the bottle, but that it is impossible to determine at what stage in its history or in what way the bottle (53-n) became contaminated."

  • During the smallpox epidemic of 1721 he attempted in vain to have treatment by inoculation employed, for the first time in America; and for this he was bitterly attacked on all sides, and his life was at one time in danger; but, nevertheless, he used the treatment on his son, who recovered, and he wrote An Account of the Method and further Success of Inoculating for the Small Pox in London (r 721).

  • By inoculation with increasing doses of these the resistance of the organism is greatly increased and the invading microbes destroyed.

  • Another therapeutic method which is historically much older than that of serum therapeutics is that of inoculation.

  • The idea of inoculation, therefore, was to infect an individual with a mild form of the disease, so that he should escape infection by a more virulent one.

  • By inoculating first with a weak virus and then with others which were stronger and stronger, he was able completely to protect oxen either from the effects of inoculation with the strongest virus or from infection through contact with other animals suffering from the disorder.

  • On the other hand, he found the weakened virus could be again strengthened by inoculating a feeble animal such as a guinea-pig a day or two old with it, and then inoculating stronger and stronger animals: an increase in strength was gained with each inoculation, until at last the virus could attack the strongest.

  • Two methods of protective inoculation have been used.

  • Rayer in 1850 and Davaine had observed the bacilli in the blood of animals dead of anthrax (splenic fever), and Pollender discovered them anew in 1855 In 1863, imbued with ideas derived from Pasteur's researches on fermentation, Davaine reinvestigated the matter, and put forth the opinion that the anthrax bacilli caused the splenic fever; this was proved to result from inoculation.

  • The principles of protective inoculation have been developed and practically applied on a large scale, notably by W.

  • (i) the discovery of a bacterium in the affected tissues by means of the microscope; (2) the obtaining of the bacterium in pure culture; and (3) the production of the disease by inoculation with a pure culture.

  • Each bacterium capable of growth gives rise to a colony visible to the naked eye, and if the colonies are sufficiently apart, an inoculation can be made from any one to a tube of culture-medium and a pure culture obtained.

  • The full description of a particular bacterium implies an account not only of its microscopical characters, but also of its growth characters in various culture media, its biological properties, and the effects produced in animals by inoculation.

  • It is found that if the inoculation be made deep down in a solid medium, growth of an anaerobic organism will take place, especially if the medium contains some reducing agent such as glucose.

  • In testing the effects of bacteria by inoculation the smaller rodents, rabbits, guinea-pigs, and mice, are usually employed.

  • For purposes of inoculation young vigorous cultures must be used.

  • By immunity is meant non-susceptibility to a given disease, or to experimental inoculation with a given bacterium or toxin.

  • animal may be readily susceptible to a disease on experimental inoculation, and yet rarely or never suffer from it naturally, because the necessary conditions of infection are not supplied in nature.

  • Animals naturally susceptible may acquire immunity, on the one hand by successfully passing through an attack of the disease, or, on the other hand, by various methods of inoculation.

  • The methods of active immunity have been practically applied in preventive inoculation against disease; those of passive immunity have given us serum therapeutics.

  • Hence follows the idea of producing a modified attack of the disease as a means of prevention - a principle which had been previously applied in inoculation against smallpox.

  • Of the chief methods used in producing active immunity the first is by inoculation with bacteria whose virulence has been diminished, i.e.

  • Cultures of varying degree of virulence may be obtained by such methods, and immunity can be gradually increased by inoculation with vaccines of increasing virulence.

  • Almost immediately afterwards he was inoculated for smallpox, which was raging in Princeton and vicinity, and, always feeble, he died of the inoculation on the 28th of March 1758.

  • Inoculation was extensively tried in some cases.

  • He was consulted as an oracle on all questions of casuistry - as, for example, on the lawfulness of inoculation for the small-pox.

  • In areas where Jenner's techniques were available, infections fell, and when inoculation became mandatory, they plummeted.

  • If the conditions weren't sterile—a word that was not even comprehended at the time—the inoculation didn't work, or worse, introduced a new disease.

  • An attempt was also made to maintain the isolates by inoculation of Chenopodium quinoa plants in the greenhouse.

  • The government provides the infrastructure - the drains, sewers, inoculation programs, which enable us all to take preventive medicine seriously.

  • The papers presented in this conference mostly used leaf disk inoculation technique with zoospore suspension.

  • Active immunity comes from having the disease or by inoculation with antigens, such as dead organisms, weakened organisms, or toxins of organisms.

  • Passive immunity is relatively short lived and is acquired by transferring antibodies from mother to child in the uterus or by inoculation with serum that contains antibodies from immune persons or animals.

  • The MMR vaccine is a single inoculation that protects children from measles, mumps and rubella.

  • The best method of controlling the spread of avian bird flu disease remains inoculation.

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