The children are so innocent they will believe anything I tell them.
He was the same as ever, but the feverish color of his face, his glittering eyes rapturously turned toward her, and especially his neck, delicate as a child's, revealed by the turn-down collar of his shirt, gave him a peculiarly innocent, childlike look, such as she had never seen on him before.
He made it all sound so innocent - even noble.
That wide-eyed innocent look and those full lips reminded him of a fairytale princess.
They have already killed innocent people.
You looked so innocent and sweet.
Don't play innocent with us.
I can only heal them one by one, but Dusty, if I don't do it, then you'll kill everyone, and it's not fair when they're just innocent people.
She's the only innocent caught up in this mess.
He wanted to have one more night with her innocent of his secret.
Overjoyed at her response, he sat cross-legged, hunched over the only lifeline the thousands of innocent people around him had.
"A powerful innocent," the Watcher corrected him.
The only innocent soul in Hell.
She's a beautiful, sweet, innocent girl.
He.d accidently hurt someone innocent, and he didn.t want the reminder.
If he was an innocent prospective purchaser, he might very well reply.
If it were totally innocent, he would have volunteered more information.
Pierre was one of those who are only strong when they feel themselves quite innocent, and since that day when he was overpowered by a feeling of desire while stooping over the snuffbox at Anna Pavlovna's, an unacknowledged sense of the guilt of that desire paralyzed his will.
She almost lost her stomach at the innocent question from the middle-aged matriarch of the bed and breakfast.
They might have considered her an innocent bystander in her relationship with Allen, but being on the sideline again would, at minimum, make them suspicious.
No, she was reading too much into an innocent good night kiss.
Does that mean we can't indulge in a little innocent affection now and then?
Stalking an innocent woman in the alley was a cakewalk, until the moment she said something she shouldn't have known.
It might be innocent to him, but it was far from that for her.
She, poor innocent creature, is left to be victimized by an old man who has outlived his wits.
His plan of blowing up everything hadn't included an innocent like Toby being hurt.
We're putting innocent people at risk and not just ourselves.
You were exquisitely beautiful - standing against that wall looking so innocent – not posed like so many women do who have half as much to show off.
Anyway, it seemed like innocent flirtation.
There was probably an innocent explanation for the scene at the building.
You are the only innocent soul in Hell.
As he started his Jeep, Ginger Dawkins, light blue sweater slung over her arm, came up the street and gave Dean an innocent wave.
The only innocent soul in Hell, for Wynn's was as black as the stone blocks of Hell's fortress.
Bianca was the epitome of adorable, her dark eyes sparkling and warm, and her sweet glow innocent and fresh.
It all appeared innocent until her feet touched the ground, and then he pulled her close, wrapping his arms around her as his lips sought hers hungrily.
What if the silly, innocent, clueless little girl you spent years lying to actually had something that you need to leave here?
My mother-in-law came to me in tears and said that Helene was here and that she implored me to hear her; that she was innocent and unhappy at my desertion, and much more.
About the way he smiled, so sweet and innocent - the way his arms felt around her, so comforting and secure.
And your brother may not thank you when he realizes he must live with the reality that he killed an innocent for the rest of his life.
But two thousand innocent people, down to the family dog.
The only way to protect innocent people from the blood feud that runs between my family and A'Ran's was to use honor.
He kicked himself mentally for not thinking before he made any sort of pact with the Watcher, even one that seemed so straightforward, until he met his target and realized she was an innocent caught in the crossfire.
Something in his innocent boyish smile and the way he moved - so deliberate, even graceful.
So, if you are innocent, Eureka, you must tell the Princess how you came to be in her room, and what has become of the piglet.
But don't try to make out I'm too innocent to eat a fat piglet if I could do it and not be found out.
I want my revenge against Sasha and Kris both, but there are innocent people there.
If a thousand men were not to pay their tax-bills this year, that would not be a violent and bloody measure, as it would be to pay them, and enable the State to commit violence and shed innocent blood.
Innocent of murdering Annie Abbott.
"Do you know, you are a terrible chap for all your innocent airs," continued the vicomte.
It is a shame to involve the innocent in such dealings.
What part of her was able to live with not trying to help spare innocent children?
Josh had left childhood behind long ago and this little frolic in the snow probably looked anything but innocent to him.
Taken altogether, it was a dreadfully long name to weigh down a poor innocent child, and one of the hardest lessons I ever learned was to remember my own name.
Until you took an innocent human and condemned her to near-death for your selfishness.
Unless Sasha posed a direct threat to the Council, Kris was forbidden from buying an assassination, despite suspecting his brother wasn.t as innocent as he proclaimed.
"The only innocent soul in Hell, I've heard," she said and rolled her eyes.
The remarkably adult yet innocent expression of their open and serene eyes is very memorable.
He fancied he saw something pathetically innocent in that frightened, sickly little face.
The younger ones occupied themselves as before, some playing cards (there was plenty of money, though there was no food), some with more innocent games, such as quoits and skittles.
Perhaps, I often think, she was too angelically innocent to have the strength to perform all a mother's duties.
I know all about it, and I can tell you positively that Helene is as innocent before you as Christ was before the Jews.
We are both culpable for sending the only innocent soul either of us has ever known to Hell.
"But, my dear Monsieur Pierre," said she, "how do you explain the fact of a great man executing a duc--or even an ordinary man who--is innocent and untried?"
Thus the captain touchingly recounted the story of his love for a fascinating marquise of thirty-five and at the same time for a charming, innocent child of seventeen, daughter of the bewitching marquise.
If the enterprise were as innocent as it is early!
And I was innocent--that was the chief thing, said Natasha.
Mentoring other deities, manipulating the destinies of innocent humans, reminding you how not to destroy the universes.
The officer evidently had complete control of his face, and while Kutuzov was turning managed to make a grimace and then assume a most serious, deferential, and innocent expression.
No Immortal is innocent.
Whether innocent or guilty, however, her fate caused no regrets and her misfortunes did not raise a single champion or defender.
Tumours are divided into two main groups - innocent and _malignant.
After hearing the case Innocent 1 Pope Innocent, however, would not confirm this election, and the disappointed candidate threw himself into the contest between the English barons on the one side and King John and the pope on the other.
There's a strong indication they might have been wrong and he was innocent.
She was missing for several weeks and they did everything possible to get me to say I took her though I was innocent.
So you're buying he's innocent?
Talon's men turn them into killers who take the lives of the innocent.
So sweet and innocent.
Were we ever innocent?
It always pains me to see some preferred outcomes involving the innocent.
Was it to help the innocent?
Maybe she could make a silver lining here, protecting the innocent.
Then she smiled sheepishly at Fred who tried to look innocent.
Would he really accept her once she told him she sacrificed an innocent human to the Dark One?
He wanted to condemn the horrible things past-Death had done that resulted in an innocent human being thrown to the Dark One.
What if Darkyn slaughtered the innocent life dragged into this mess for no other purpose than to make the goddess' transition easier.
She.s an innocent.
The smile with those full lips was sad, sweet and somehow innocent.
But it wasn't innocent.
You're so nai... innocent.
Buying the shoes could be innocent enough.
Parkside was nothing more than an innocent battleground for disreputable elements of our society, at war with one another.
I just hope we're not busting into some innocent guy's belongings.
It was difficult to imagine this conversation was innocent, yet she must have faith in him.
You're inexperienced, innocent — even naive, but you're not immature.
I'm a flirt, but it's all innocent.
She'd been wearing pale pink, as innocent as the flowers that fell from blooming apple trees and caught in her hair.
"You are an innocent in a battle begun long before your father's passing," he said.
Most are no better than he is, but Taran was an innocent child when he came to me.
She was still beautiful - still had that innocent look about her.
It was a pleasant reminder of the innocent bride he once knew.
She was making too much of something innocent.
Alex turned an innocent gaze on Carmen.
The words were innocent enough, but the look in his eyes increased her pulse.
It looked innocent enough, and the children were instantly smothering him with love and kisses.
It must have looked anything but innocent.
No one took pity on a young man in a mask the way they did a cute little boy with dirty hands and huge, innocent eyes.
He didn't understand the difference between an immortal warrior and a human child, between opponent and innocent.
If you take an innocent life, you will feel the same pain that life does, only you will feel it thrice over, she continued.
To give you a sense of what it's like to harm an innocent, you will first feel the pain you've caused throughout your life.
One day of pain for every innocent you've harmed.
He is paying the penalty for the loss of a hundred thousand innocent lives.
"Toni isn't innocent looking," Xander added.
I can be innocent looking!
"I can do innocent," Toni whined.
He heard the thoughts of others but never experienced their emotions, aside from the pain of hurting the innocent.
It was directed as much at Jessi as at the Black God for sending someone innocent to do his dirty work.
Sharp, sweet and innocent.
In December 1352 Clement died, and his successor, Innocent VI., anxious to strike a blow at the baronial rulers of Rome, and seeing in the former tribune an excellent tool for this purpose, pardoned and released his prisoner.
She is a thorough woman, but with none of the pettinesses, subterfuges, and mental reservations of her sex; she loves wide vistas and boundless horizons and instinctively seeks them out; she is concerned for universal happiness and takes thought for the improvement of mankind - thelastinfirmity and most innocent mania of generous souls.
His father prevailed on Innocent VIII.
He participated in the conclave which followed the death of Innocent VIII.
Abominable, unnatural as Peter's conduct to his unhappy and innocent son undoubtedly was, there is no reason to suppose that he ever regretted it.
He supported Frederick in his struggle with the anti-kings, Henry Raspe, landgrave of Thuringia, and William II., count of Holland, and was put under the papal ban by Pope Innocent IV., Bavaria being laid under an interdict.
But he is chiefly famous for his History of the Church of Rome to the Pontificate of Innocent III.
Innocent excommunicated and deposed Ferdinand, king of Naples, by bull of the 11th of September 1489, for refusal to pay the papal dues, and gave his kingdom to Charles VIII.
Innocent, like his predecessor, hated heresy, and in the bull Summis desiderantes (5th of December 1484) he instigated very severe measures against magicians and witches in Germany; he prohibited (1486) on pain of excommunication the reading of the propositions of Pico della Mirandola; he appointed (1487) T.
An important event of his pontificate was the capture of Granada (2nd of January 1492), which was celebrated at Rome with great rejoicing and for which Innocent gave to Ferdinand of Aragon the title of "Catholic Majesty."
The sources for the life of Innocent VIII.
Innocent IX >>
The resolutions on questions of marriage and divorce (37-43) reaffirm the traditional attitude of the Church; it is, however, interesting to note that the resolution (40) deprecating the remarriage in church of the innocent party to a divorce was carried only by eighty-seven votes to eighty-four.
as introducing a discipline of stern repression which made the innocent gaieties of life impossible, and produced a dull uniformity of straitlaced manners and hypocritical morals.
In the Harpalus affair, Demosthenes was doubtless innocent, and so, probably, were others of the accused.
1216), was sent to England by Pope Innocent III.
died, and on that night a minority of the Sacred College elected Paparesci, who took the name of Innocent II.
Declaring that the cardinals had been intimidated, Innocent refused to recognize their choice; by June, however, he was obliged to flee to France.
In January 1131 Innocent held a personal interview with King Henry I.
Lothair was crowned emperor at the Lateran in June 1133, and as a further reward Innocent gave him the territories of the Countess Mathilda as a fief, but refused to surrender the right of investiture.
Left to himself Innocent again had to flee, this time to Pisa.
A second expedition of Lothair expelled Roger of Sicily (to whom Anacletus had given the title of king in return for his support) from southern Italy, but a quarrel with Innocent prevented the emperor attacking Rome.
The Lateran council of 1139 restored peace to the Church, excommunicating Roger of Sicily, against whom Innocent undertook an expedition which proved unsuccessful.
The remaining years of Innocent's life were taken up by a quarrel with the Roman commune, which had set up an independent senate, and one with King Louis VII.
France was threatened with the interdict, but before matters came to a head Innocent died on the 22nd of September 1143.
Innocent III (Antipope) >>
- the remains of Innocent III.
The accused jumped into the sacred river, and the innocent swam while the guilty drowned.
They obtained the sanction of Innocent III., and returning to Assisi they gave themselves up to their life of apostolic preaching and work among the poor.
in 1220 form one of the most momentous epochs in Innocent Italian history.
Three years afterwards he died, leaving a son, Frederick, to the care of Constance, who in her turn died in 1198, bequeathing the young prince, already crowned king of Germany, to the guardianship of Innocent III.
Rome itself again at this epoch established a republic, with which Innocent would not or could not interfere.
In 1243 a new pope, Innocent IV., was elected, who prosecuted the war with still bitterer spirit.
The worc nepotism acquired new significance in the reigns of Sixtus IV and Innocent VIII.
His own family was fortified by the marriage of his daughter to a son of Innocent VIII., which procured his son Giovannis elevation~to the cardinalate, and involved two Medicean papacies and the future dependence of Florence upon Rome.
The actual crisis may be said to begin with the quarrel between John and Pope Innocent III.
On the 24th of August 121 5 Innocent III.
Joannes de Plano Carpini, a Franciscan monk, was the head of one of the missions despatched by Pope Innocent to call the chief and people of the Tatars to a better mind.
In order not to confound the innocent with the guilty, Torquemada published a declaration offering grace and pardon to all who presented themselves before the tribunal and avowed their fault.
The abbe Migne carried his Latin patrology down to the time of Innocent III.
Some of his early Mantuan works are in that apartment of the Castello which is termed the Camera degli Sposi - full compositions in fresco, including various portraits of the Gonzaga family, and some figures of genii, &c. In 1488 he went to Rome at the request of Pope Innocent VIII., to paint the frescoes in the chapel of the Belvedere in the Vatican; the marquis of Mantua (Federigo) created him a cavaliere before his departure.
His successor in the papacy was Innocent V.
Valdemar at once cultivated the friendship of the new emperor; and Frederick, by an imperial brief, issued in December 1214 and subsequently confirmed by Innocent III.
When Innocent died, Chigi, the candidate favoured by Spain, was elected pope on the 7th of April 1655ï¿½ The conclave believed he was strongly opposed to the nepotism then prevalent.
The former episcopal see of Samland was founded by Pope Innocent IV.
His successor was Innocent VI.
The alleged occurrence of the disease in localities free from mosquitoes or without their agency is not well attested; its absence from other localities where they abound is accounted for by their being of an innocent species, or - as in England - free from the parasite.
When the embassy was over, the bishop and Dominic repaired to Rome, and Innocent III.
In 1208, after the murder of a papal legate, Innocent III.
In 1215 the bishop of Toulouse, Dominic's great friend, established them in a church and house of the city, and Dominic went to Rome to obtain the permission of Innocent III.
(1144-1145) on Roger of Sicily; and by Innocent III., in 1204, on Peter of Aragon.
Striking, too, is the conception of the national God who incites the king to do an act for which he was to be punished.4 To us, the proposal to number the people seems innocent and 3 1 Chron.
Before they passed the verdict, Napoleon came to see that his victim was innocent of any participation in the plot.
"rather let the innocent suffer than the guilty escape!"
Most of the birds he describes are characterized with accuracy sufficient to enable them to be identified, and his observations upon them have still some interest; but he was innocent of any methodical system, and was not exempt from most of the professional fallacies of his time.'
He accompanied the mission under Friar Ascelin, sent by Pope Innocent IV.
Thus in 1198 the chapter of Paris suppressed its more obvious indecencies; in 1210 Pope Innocent III.
forbade the feasts of priests, deacons and sub-deacons altogether; and in 1246 Innocent IV.
The question of the real existence of incubi and succubi, whom the Romans identified with the fauns, was gravely discussed by the fathers of the church; and in 1484 Innocent III.
4 It is met with in a Decretal of Innocent III.'
(Ottobuono de' Fieschi), pope in 1276, was a Genoese who was created cardinal deacon by his uncle Innocent IV.
He was elected pope to succeed Innocent V.
All that Orosius succeeded in obtaining was John's consent to send letters and deputies to Innocent of Rome; and, after having waited long enough to learn the unfavourable decision of the synod of Diospolis or Lydda in December of the same year, he returned to north Africa, where he is believed to have died.
This after all is the great change; and even the genius of an Innocent III.
Until the accession of Innocent III.
"The true heir of Henry VI.," Ranke has said, "is Innocent III.," and nowhere is this more true than in respect of the crusading movement.
Throughout the course of his crowded and magnificent pontificate, Innocent III.
By the spring of 1200, owing to Innocent's exertions, a new Crusade was in full progress, especially in France, where Fulk of Neuilly played the part once played by Peter the Hermit.
The crusading barons of France chose their own leader, and determined their own route, without consulting Innocent.
Philip of Swabia, engaged in a struggle with the papacy, found Innocent III.
It took time and effort to bring them round to the diversion: the pope - naturally enough - set his face sternly against the project, the more as the usurper, Alexius III., was in negotiation with him in order to win his support against the Hohenstaufen, and Innocent hoped to find, as Alexius promised, a support and a reinforcement for the Crusade in an alliance with the Greek empire.
But they came round none the less, in spite of Innocent's renewed prohibitions.
The crusaders appealed to Innocent to ratify the subjugation of a schismatic people, and the union of the Eastern and Western Churches; and Innocent, dazzled by the magic of the fait accompli, not unwillingly acquiesced.
No basis for the Crusades was ever to be found in the Latin empire of the East; and Innocent, after vainly hoping for the new Crusade which was to emerge from Constantinople, was by 1208 compelled to return to the old idea of a Crusade proceeding simply and immediately from the West to the East.
The Fifth Crusade is the last which is started in that pontificate of Crusades - the pontificate of Innocent III.
While the Holy Land was thus at peace, crusaders were also being drawn elsewhere by the needs of the Latin empire of Constantinople, or the attractions of the Albigensian Crusade.2 But Innocent could never consent to forget Jerusalem, as long as his right hand retained its cunning.
But for Innocent these outbursts of the revivalist element, which always accompanied the Crusades, had their moral: "the very children put us to shame," he wrote; "while we sleep 1 Already under Innocent III.
2 In 1208 Innocent excommunicated Raymund VI.
In the fourth Lateran council of 1215 Innocent found his opportunity to rekindle the flickering fires.
Egypt had already been indicated by Innocent III.
Unhappily Frederick preferred to put his Sicilian house in order, and the legate preferred to listen to the Italians, who had their own 3 A canon of the third Lateran council (1179) forbade traffic with the Saracens in munitions of war; and this canon had been renewed by Innocent in the beginning of his pontificate.
But the preaching of the Crusade by Innocent IV.
In that year Innocent IV.
Tithes for the Crusades were first imposed on the clergy by Innocent III.
Luchaire's volume on Innocent III: La Question d'Orient; while for the whole of the Crusades Norden's Papstum and Byzanz is of value.
He interceded for Waltheof's life and to the last spoke of the earl as an innocent sufferer for the crimes of others; he lived on terms of friendship with Bishop Wulfstan.
On the death of Pope Innocent VIII.
In 1489 he was accused of magic before Pope Innocent VIII., and had to secure the good offices of Francesco Soderini, Ermolao Barbaro, and the archbishop Rinaldo Orsini, in order to purge himself of a most perilous imputation.
and his wife Constance made important donations to it, and promoted the spread of offshoots of the parent house; while Innocent III., on the 21st of January 1204, approved the "ordo Florensis" and the "institutio" which its founder had bestowed upon it.
The secular masters of the university of Paris denounced the work to Pope Innocent IV., and the bishop of Paris sent it to the pope.
was Innocent's successor, Alexander IV., who appointed a commission to examine it; and as a result of this commission, which sat at Anagni, the destruction of the Liber introductorius was ordered by a papal breve dated the 23rd of October 1255.
But the natives, innocent as they appeared, were doomed to utter destruction.
He was compelled to recant, under strong pressure from Pope Innocent III.
A renewal of the crusade proving equally vain, in 1247 Pope Innocent III.
The pope so early as the time of Innocent III.
Records of these journeys, and of the innocent adventures which they encouraged, were given to the world as An Inland Voyage in 1878, and as Travels with a Donkey in the Cevennes in 1879.
In the West the custom, long universal, of marking the seasons of the ecclesiastical year and the more prominent fasts and festivals by the colour of the vestments of clergy and altar dates, approximately, from the 12th century: the subject is mentioned (c. 1200) in the treatise of Innocent III., De sacro altaris mysterio (cap. 10), where the rules are laid down which are still essentially those of the Roman Church,' though the liturgical colours were only four, violet belonging to the category of black - as that of mourning.
He accompanied, and wrote the history of, the Dominican embassy;under Friar Ascelin or Anselm, which Pope Innocent IV.
After the death of Urban in 1644 his successor, Innocent X., showed hostility to the Barberini family.
The innocent simoniace promotus was, apart from dispensation, liable to the same penalties as though he were guilty.
An innocent clerk is under no disability, as he might be by the canon law.
1, c. 16, guards the rights of an innocent successor in certain cases.
(4) Yet, because the doom so often tarries, there arises the problem of the suffering of the innocent and the upright.
In that book the solution of the problem of innocent suffering lies hidden from the sufferer, even to the end, for he is not admitted with the reader to the secret of the prologue; it is the practical solution of faithfulness resting on faith which is offered to us.
His writings include a letter to Innocent IV.
This is condemned in the Gelasian Decree, and is probably the gospel mentioned by Innocent (I Ep. iii.
The offence of shedding innocent blood charged on them by Joel is natural after these events, but hardly so in connexion with the revolt against Joram.
This severity to a man who was generally thought innocent, is one of the dark stains on his career.
It is not to be supposed that the full scope of his doctrine was present to the mind of Roscellinus; but Nominalism would hardly have made the sensation it did had its assertions been as innocent as Haureau would make them.
They were now to suffer severely for their past misdoings, but unfortunately the innocent nation was forced to suffer with them.
But, stimulated by the representations of Pope Innocent XI., who, well aware of the internal weakness of the Turk, was bent upon forming a Holy League to drive them out of Europe, and alarmed, besides, by the danger of Vienna and the hereditary states, Leopold reluctantly contracted an alliance with John III.
But, in 1690, the third of the famous Kuprilis, Mustafa, brother of Fazil Ahmed, became grand vizier, and the Turk, still further encouraged by the death of Innocent XI., rallied once more.
The ruthless suppression of the Magyar malcontents, in which there was little discrimination between the innocent and the guilty, had so crushed the spirit of the country that Leopold considered the time ripe for realizing a long-cherished ideal of the Habsburgs and changing Hungary from an elective into an hereditary monarchy.
It is generally believed that Marie Antoinette was stainless in the matter, that Rohan was an innocent dupe, and that the Lamottes deceived both for their own ends.
It must, however, be remarked that the genuineness of this letter, in which Gerbert to some extent foreshadows the temporal claims of Hildebrand and Innocent III., has been hotly contested, and that the original document has long been lost.
The decisions of a Gregory or a Leo the Great, of a Gelasius or an Innocent, prelates of holy life and unequalled wisdom, are accepted by the universal church; for, coming from such men, they cannot but be good.
Far firmer is the tone of his later letter to the same archbishop, where he contends from historical evidence that the papal judgment is not infallible, and encourages his brother prelate not to fear excommunication in a righteous cause, for it is not in the power even of the successor of Peter "to separate an innocent priest from the love of Christ."
By common consent the prince was ultimately entrusted to Pope Innocent VIII., who used him not only to extract an annual tribute out of the sultan, but to prevent the execution of Bayezid's ambitious designs in the Mediterranean.
On the other hand, the prominent badge enforced by Pope Innocent III.
Innocent's successor, Alexander IV., continued this policy, offered the Hohenstaufen lands in Germany to Alphonso X.
The second Lateran, and tenth ecumenical, council was held by Pope Innocent II.
The fourth Lateran council (twelfth ecumenical), convened by Pope Innocent III.
See also INNOCENT III.
His zeal in founding monasteries earned for him his surname "the Pious," and canonization by Pope Innocent VIII.
Marguerite died shortly in prison; Jeanne was declared innocent by the parlement and returned to her husband.
One of the earliest statements as to the population of London occurs in a letter of about the year 1199 written to Pope Innocent III.
Before 22 Prairial the Revolutionary Tribunal had pronounced 1220 death-sentences in thirteen months; during the forty-nine days between the passing of the law and the fall of Robespierre 1376 persons were condemned, including many innocent victims. The lists of prisoners to be sent before the tribunal were prepared by a popular commission sitting at the museum, and signed, after revision, by the Committee of General Security and the Committee of Public Safety jointly.
- c. 1521?), known also as Corneto from his birthplace, Italian cardinal and writer, was sent by Innocent VIII.
The effect of pardon, whether actual or constructive, is to put the person pardoned in the position of an innocent man, so that he may have 1 See further, on the ethical aspect, Montesquieu, Esprit des lois, bk.
Innocent was raised to the Holy See when it was at deadly feud with the emperor Frederick II., who lay under excommunication.
Frederick at first greeted the elevation of a member of an imperialist family with joy; but it was soon clear that Innocent intended to carry on the traditions of his predecessors.
Neither side, however, was prepared to take the first steps to carry out the agreement, and Innocent, who had ventured back to Rome, began to feel unsafe in the city, where the imperial partisans had the ascendancy.
Innocent, therefore, remained at Lyons, whence he issued a summons to a general council, before which he cited Frederick to appear in person, or by deputy.
On the 17th of July Innocent formally renewed the sentence of excommunication on the emperor, and declared him deposed from the imperial throne and that of Naples.
Even the clergy were by no means altogether on Innocent's side; the council of Lyons was attended by but 150 bishops, mainly French and Spanish, and the deputation from England, headed by Robert Grossetete of Lincoln and Roger Bigod, came mainly in order to obtain the canonization of Edmund of Canterbury and to protest against papal exactions.
Yet, for better or for worse, Innocent triumphed.
From this blow the emperor never recovered; and when on the 13th of December 1250 he died Innocent greeted the news by quoting from Psalm xcvi.
On the 19th of April 1251 Innocent left Lyons, which had suffered severely from his presence, and returned to Italy.
Innocent, determined that the Hohenstaufen should not again dominate Italy, offered the crown of Sicily in turn to Richard of Cornwall, Charles of Anjou, and Henry III.
Even after Conrad's capture of Naples Innocent remained inexorable; for he feared that Rome itself might fall into the hands of the German king.
had left Frederick II., under the pope's guardianship. Innocent accepted the charge and posed as the champion of the infant king.
when Manfred, who by Frederick's will had been charged with the government of the two Sicilies, felt obliged to acknowledge the pope's suzerainty, Innocent threw off the mask, ignored Conradin's claims, and on the 24th of October formally asserted his own claims to Calabria and Sicily.
He entered Naples on the 27th; but meanwhile Manfred had fled and had raised a considerable force; and the news of his initial successes against the papal troops reached Innocent as he lay sick and hastened his end.
is comparable to his greater predecessor Innocent III.
But this language, which in the mouth of Innocent III.
Yet in some respects Innocent IV.
It was Innocent IV.
Innocent was a canon lawyer of some eminence.
Innocent was also a notable patron of learning; he encouraged Alexander of Hales to write his Summa universae theologiae, did much for the universities, notably the Sorbonne, and founded law schools at Rome and Piacenza.
Innocent's letters, the chief source for his life, are collected by E.
Innocent V >>
Then Innocent II.
(Giovanni Francesco Albani), pope from 1700 to 1721, was born in Urbino, on the 22nd of July 1649, received an extraordinary education in letters, theology and law, filled various important offices in the Curia, and finally, on the 23rd of November 1700, succeeded Innocent XII.
The papal chair was now filled by Innocent VIII., whose rule was even more infamous than that of his predecessor Sixtus IV.
He never justified a prejudice; he never misdirected our admiration; he never hurt an innocent feeling or overbore a serious judgment; and he set up within us a standard of Christian scholarship to which it must ever exalt us to aspire.
He is last heard of in 1198, as commissioned, together with the prior of Thurgarton, by Pope Innocent III.
The grounds of suspicion have been formulated "Pope Innocent III.
He was appointed librarian of the Vatican by Innocent X., and was sent to Innsbruck by Alexander VII.
Frederick's youthful, innocent attachment to the daughter of his former tutor, Anna Hardenberg, indisposed him towards matrimony at the beginning of his reign (1558).
Finally the king and council unanimously agreed to annul the proceeding of the parlement of Toulouse; Calas was declared to have been innocent, and every imputation of guilt was removed from the family.
He introduces himself to us with a certain abruptness, merely specifying his own name as one of a list of knights of Champagne who with their count, Thibault, took the cross at a tournament held at Escry-sur-Aisne in Advent 1199, the crusade in contemplation having been started by the preaching of Fulk de Neuilly, who was commissioned thereto by Pope Innocent III.
Efforts to make peace, initiated by Pope Innocent VI., came to nothing, though the English commons were now weary of the war.
It is sincere and straightforward, and obviously innocent of any motive beyond that of clearly expressing the writer's meaning.
The adventures of Blanchefleur, wife of Charlemagne, form a variation of the common tale of the innocent wife falsely accused, and are told in Macaire and in the extant fragments of La Reine Sibille (14th century).
Franklin's gallant relations with women after his wife's death were probably innocent enough.
(Hildebrand), on England in 1208 by Innocent III., on Rome itself in 1155 by Adrian IV.
There is more than one meaning of Innocent Iii discussed in the 1911 Encyclopedia.
Innocent III., a century and a half later, taught that James the brother of the Lord left to Peter not only the government of the whole Church, but that of the whole world (totum seculum gubernandum).'
There was no reason why the bishop of Rome should justify such acts as Innocent himself performed in deposing King John of England and later in annulling Magna Carta; or Gregory IV.
A decretal of Innocent III.
one cannot fail to be The impressed with the almost incredible strength of the ecclesiastical state which had been organized and fortified by Gregory VII., Alexander III., Innocent III.
When, in 1365, Innocent VI.
The king's attention at the time was called to Italy where two popes, Innocent II.
At first Lothair, fully occupied with the affairs of Germany, remained heedless and neutral; but in March 1131 he was visited at Liege by Innocent, to whom he promised his assistance.
Crossing the Alps with a small army in September 1132, he reached Rome in March 1133, accompanied by Innocent.
A mutiny among the German soldiers and a breach with Innocent concerning the overlordship of Apulia compelled the emperor to retrace his steps.
and, when Innocent II.
Against this secularized church a body of witnesses silently protested; they were always persecuted but always survived, till in the 13th century a desperate attempt was made by Innocent III.
Others made an appeal to Innocent III., protesting their orthodoxy.
However, in 1487 Innocent VIII.
In 1202 or 1204 Innocent III.
2) He could be innocent.
The military rashly interfered, and several innocent spectators were shot.
This was the attitude of Innocent III.
when he annulled the English Magna Charta; of Innocent X.
(Ugolino Conti de Segni), pope from the 19th of March 1227, to the 22nd of August 1241, was a nobleman of Anagni and probably a nephew of Innocent III.
He studied at Paris and Bologna, and, having been successively archpriest of St Peter's, papal chaplain, cardinal-deacon of Sant' Eustachio, cardinal-bishop of Ostia, the first protector of the Franciscan order, and papal legate in Germany under Innocent III., and Honorius III., he succeeded the latter in the papacy.
Whoever suspected any one had only to denounce him to the Ami du peuple, and the denounced was never let alone till he was proved innocent or guilty.
Henry was appointed regent for King Conrad IV., but he soon transferred his allegiance from the emperor to Pope Innocent IV., and in 1246 was chosen German king at Beitshochheim.
The council of Constance then deposed him, as a perjurer, an incurable schismatic and a heretic (26th July 1417), After struggling with the popes of Rome, Urban VI., Boniface IX., Innocent VII.
This had greatly increased since the Concordat of Worms, and reached its height under Innocent III.
Innocent believed himself to be the representative of God, and as such the supreme possessor of both spiritual and temporal power.
The rule of the Church by the Roman bishop had thus become a reality; but the papal claim to supreme temporal authority proved impossible to maintain, although Innocent III.
(1227-1241) and Innocent IV.
Innocent VIII., Alexander VI., Julius II.
They were originally performed in churches; but Pope Innocent II.
Innocent II., dedicating the great church of Cluny in 1132, granted as a great favour a forty days' Indulgence for the anniversary.
After a careful education, completed by the usual grand tour, Magnus learned the art of war under Gustavus Horn, and during the reign of Christina (1644-16J4), whose prime favourite he became, though the liaison was innocent enough, he was raised to the highest offices in the state and loaded with distinctions.
41, 86), and with the modern practice of employing innocent instruments of chance in lotteries (op. cit.
She proved equal to the occasion, partly because she was in all probability innocent of anything worse than a qualified acquiescence in Seymour's improprieties and a girlish admiration for his handsome face.
succeeded in procuring his election on the 6th of October 1689 as successor to Innocent XI.; nevertheless, after months of negotiation Alexander finally condemned the declaration made in 1682 by the French clergy concerning the liberties of the Gallican church.
They then separated, but met again later to partake of a meal, which, however, was of an ordinary and innocent character.
If, then, this afternoon meal did not include it, Pliny's remark that their food was ordinary and innocent is unintelligible.
1245, Pope Innocent IV., accompanied by twelve cardinals, FIG.
1381), archbishop of Canterbury, was born at Sudbury in Suffolk, studied at the university of Paris, and became one of the chaplains of Pope Innocent VI., who sent him, in 1356, on a mission to Edward III.
Probabilists argued that any opinion might be followed, if it could show good authority on its side, even if there was still better authority against it; dancing on Sunday must be innocent, if it could show a fair sprinkling of eminent names in its favour.
Tumours of the Liver may be innocent or malignant.
In the later quarrel with Innocent III.
Innocent V., before he became pope, prepared, in conjunction with Albertus Magnus and Thomas Aquinas, a rule of studies for his order, which was accepted in June 1259.
Bourgeois, Le Bienheureux Innocent V (Paris, 1899); J.
Bethaz, Pierre des Cours de la Salle, Pape sous le nom Innocent V (Augustae, 1891); L.
Innocent VI >>
The taking of Constantinople by the Latins in 1204 brought persecution and pillage on the monks; this reminded them of earlier Saracenic invasions, and led them to appeal for protection to Pope Innocent III., who gave them a favourable reply.
As a boy he was active, lively and docile; a good walker, but ignorant of all boyish games, as naïf and as innocent as a child; and he never could learn to dance or to ride.
The court has also the power to relieve from the consequences of certain innocent contraventions of the law caused by inadvertence or miscalculation.
In the middle ages it was deserted in favour of Nettuno: at the end of the 17th century Innocent XII.
and Alexander III., achieved the widest extension of the power entrusted to them, and in many respects their pontificates may be regarded as a preparation for and adumbration of the pontificate of Innocent III.
When the schism of 1130 broke out he endeavoured to procure the cancellation of the clauses of the Concordat of Worms and to recover lay investiture by way of compensation for the support he had given to Innocent II., one of the competing popes.
The ardour he had displayed in securing the recognition of Innocent and defending him against his enemies, particularly the anti-pope Anacletus and the kingdom of the Two Sicilies, involved him in a course which was not precisely favourable to the imperial rights.
It may even be maintained that his elevation was due solely to his personal claims. This was a victory for Rome, and it was repeated in the case of the first Hohenstaufen, Conrad III., who owed his elevation (1138) mainly to the princes of the Church and the legate of Innocent II., by whom he was crowned.
(1128) and Innocent II.
The first symptoms of resistance were exhibited under Innocent II.
The successors of Innocent II.
The progress of the Roman power was especially manifested under Innocent II., who had triumphed over the schism, and was supported by the Empire and by Bernard of Clairvaux, the first moral authority of his time.
He suspended an archbishop of Sens (1136) who had neglected to take into consideration the appeal to Rome, summoned an archbishop of Milan to Rome to receive the pallium from the pope's hands, lavished exemptions, and extended the right of appeal to such abnormal lengths that a Byzantine ambassador is reported to have exclaimed to Lothair III., Your Pope Innocent is not a bishop, but an emperor."
As instances of his more direct services, he put an end to the schism of 1130 and attached Italy and the world to the side of Innocent III.
Although he had saved the papal institution from one of the gravest perils it had ever encountered, the cardinals, the court of Rome and Innocent himself could not easily pardon him for being what he had become - a private person more powerful in the Church than the pope and the bishops, and holding that power by his personal prestige.
Innocent II., Eugenius III.
But the preaching of the papal legates, even when supported by military demonstrations, had no effect; and the Albigensian question, together with other questions vital for the future of the papacy, remained unsettled and more formidable than ever when Innocent III.
Under the pontificates of Innocent III.
Between the perhaps excessive admiration of Innocent's biographer, Friedrich von Hurter, and the cooler estimate of a later historian, Felix Rocquain, who, after taking into consideration Innocent's political mistakes, lack of foresight and numerous disappointments and failures, concludes that his reputation has been much exaggerated, it is possible to steer a middle course and form a judgment that is at once impartial and conformable to the historical facts.
Innocent was an eminent jurist and canonist, and never ceased to use his immense power in the service of the law.
It is difficult to comprehend Innocent's extraordinary activity.
This, undoubtedly, was the part of his task that Innocent preferred, and it was to this, as well as to his much overrated moral and theological treatises, that he owed his enormous contemporary prestige.
A superficial glance at Innocent's correspondence is sufficient to convince us that he was pre-eminently concerned for the reformation and moral welfare of the Church, and was animated by the best intentions for the re-estab lishment in the ecclesiastical body of order, peace and respect for the hierarchy.
But it is no less certain that Innocent attempted to subject the kings of Europe by making them his tributaries and vassals.
and John he had exceptionally authoritative adversaries; but after one of the fiercest wars ever waged by the civil power against the Church, Innocent at length gained over John the most complete victory that has ever been won by a religious potentate over a temporal sovereign, and constrained him to make complete submission.
This was the most striking success of Innocent's diplomacy and the culminating point of his secular work.
As far as the Empire was concerned, chance at first favoured Innocent.
Not until 1210, when Otto of Brunswick turned against the pope to whom he owed his crown, was Innocent compelled to open hostilities; and the struggle ended in a victory for the Curia.
Frederick II., the new emperor created by Innocent, began by handing over his country to Rome and sacrificing the rights of the Empire to the union of the two great authorities of the Christian world.
In his dealings with Frederick, Innocent experienced grievous vicissitudes and disappointments, but finally became master of the situation.
Finally, Innocent III.
Europe refused to take any direct action against the Mussulman, but Latin feudalism, assembled at Venice, diverted the crusade by an act quest of conof formal disobedience, marched on Constantinople, seized the Greek Empire and founded a Latin Empire in its place; and Innocent had to accept the fait accompli.
In his endeavours to carry out the whole of this programme, Innocent III.
Nevertheless, Innocent left his successors a much vaster and more stable political dominion than that which he had received from his predecessors, since it comprised both East and West; and his five immediate successors were able to preserve this ascendancy.
Although the ecclesiastical monarchy continued to gain strength, the successors of Innocent III.
Innocent III., Honorius III.
From the time of Innocent III.
or an Innocent III.
In other respects the papacy of this period found itself in a very inferior situation to that which it had occupied under Innocent III.
The European state of mind no longer lent itself to such enterprises, and, moreover, under such brief pontificates, the attenuated Roman power could not expect to succeed where Innocent III.
was followed by a man of an entirely different temperament - Innocent VI.
Innocent VI., in fact, entertained the thought of visiting Rome; but age and illness prevented his doing so.
The intention of Innocent was put into execution by his successor - the learned and pious Urban V.
I, 1404), the Roman cardinals once more elected a Neapolitan, Cosimo dei Migliorati, who, at Innocent the age of 65, assumed the name of Innocent VII.
VII., 1404- Innocent, who was animated by a great love for the 1406.
The reign of Innocent VIII.
Innocent's bull 1492.
The action of Innocent VIII.
Even if the bull encouraged the persecution of witches, in so far as it encouraged the inquisitors to take earnest action, there is still no valid ground for the accusation that Innocent VIII.
This explains how on the death of Innocent VIII.
to rank with Innocent III.
1591); Innocent IX.
At the election of Innocent X.
So pronounced an enemy of French preponderance did Innocent become that he approved the League of Augsburg, and was not sorry to see the Catholic James II., whom he considered a tool of Louis, thrust from the throne of England by the Protestant William of Orange.
Fear of the coalition, however, led the Grand Monarch to make peace with Innocent (1691-1700).
In fact, since the doctrinaire protest of Innocent X.
the secretaryship of state and gave it its present pre-eminence by refusing to deliver it up to one of his relations; and Innocent (1691-1700), whose bull Romanum decet pontificem ordered that no pope should make more than one nephew cardinal, and should not grant him an income over twelve thousand scudi.
One pope, Innocent XI.
On the pontificate of Innocent III.
Luchaire, Innocent III., Rome et l'Italie (2nd ed., Paris, 1905), Innocent III.
la croisade des albigeois (Paris, 1905), Innocent III., la papaute et l'empire (Paris, 1906), Innocent III., la question d'orient (Paris, 1906), and Innocent III., les royautes vassales du Saint-Siege (Paris, 1908).
Norden, Das Papsttum and Byzanz (Berlin, 1903), a considerable part of which is devoted to Innocent III.; E.
On Innocent IV., see E.
Berger, St Louis et Innocent IV.
The publication of the registers of Innocent IV.
22-23; Kirsch, Kollectorien (1892); Daumet, Innocent VI.