In 1-5 percent of children, a hernia results when a feature of fetal anatomy in the inguinal area of the groin (processus vaginalis, the space through which the testis or ovaries descend) fails to close normally after birth.
The musky odour from which it derives its name is due to the secretion of a large gland situated in the inguinal region, and present in both sexes.
Teats two, inguinal in position.
The teats are usually few, and inguinal, but may be numerous and abdominal (as in Suina), although they are never solely pectoral.
Teats either few and inguinal, or numerous and abdominal.
In post-mortem examination, the most obvious pathological lesion is hypertrophy of the spleen, which may be very pronounced; the lymphatic glands in the neck, inguinal region, &c., are also often greatly swollen.
The round ligament is a cord of unstriped muscle which runs from the lateral angle of its own side of the uterus forward to the internal abdominal ring, and so through the inguinal canal to the upper part of the labium majus.
The testes are inguinal or abdominal.
Female has six teats, of which four are inguinal and two axillary, and the placenta is zonary and deciduous.
Gren, branch, and means the fork of a tree, of the body, or the prongs of a fork, &c. It is not connected with "groin," the inguinal parts of the body, which in its earliest forms appears as grynde.