In 1878 an act was passed giving like powers in the case of the infectious diseases of animals.
When plague is present in a place, the measures to be taken are the usual ones for dealing with infectious disease, with some additions.
Among charitable institutions are the Royal Alexandra Infirmary, the Victoria Eye Infirmary (presented by Provost Mackenzie in 1899), the burgh asylum at Riccartsbar, the Abbey Poorhouse (including hospital and lunatic wards), the fever hospital and reception house, the Infectious Diseases Hospital and the Gleniffer Home for Incurables.
The example once given was infectious, and was followed in rapid succession by Holland, Utrecht and Overysel.
These relate for the most part to nuisances and infectious disease, having special reference to ships.
Under the Isolation Hospitals Acts 1893 and 1901, a county council may provide for the establishment of isolation hospitals for the reception of patients suffering from infectious diseases on Hospi t a l s the application of any local authority within the county, or on the report of the medical officer of the county that hospital accommodation is necessary and has not been provided, or it may take over hospitals already provided by a local authority.
The infectious joyousness of his nature, his sterling character, his solid, if not brilliant, intellect, and his prowess at games gave him an undisputed lead among his contemporaries.
The Public Health Acts contain important provisions relating to infectious disease.
After the infectious diseases come the non-infectious ones such as cancer, Alzheimer's, and heart disease.
The principles are the same as those which govern the prevention of other infectious diseases.
When adopted it enabled an urban or district council to obtain the inspection of dairies where these were suspected to be the cause of infectious disease, with a view to prohibiting the supply of milk from such dairies if the fact were established.
The act of 1890 also forbids the keeping for more than forty-eight hours of the body of a person who has died of infectious disease in a room used at the time as a dwelling-place, sleeping-place or workshop. It provides for the bodies of persons dying of infectious diseases in a hospital being removed only for burial, and gives power to justices in certain cases to order bodies to be buried.
Owners and drivers of public conveyances must not knowingly convey any person suffering from infectious disease, and if any person suffering from such a disease is conveyed in any public vehicle the owner or driver as soon as it comes to his knowledge must give notice to the medical officer.
Any person who knows he is suffering from an infectious disease must not carry on any trade or business unless he can do so without risk of spreading the disease.
Local authorities may require premises to be cleansed and disinfected; they may order the destruction of bedding, clothing or other articles which have been exposed to infection; they may provide proper places for the disinfection of infected articles free of charge; they may provide ambulances, &c. In the case of a person found suffering from infectious disease who has not proper lodging or accommodation, or is lodging in a room occupied by more than one family, or is on board any ship or vessel, such person may by means of a justice's order be removed to a hospital; a local authority may pay the expenses of a person in a hospital or, if necessary, provide nursing attendance; any person exposing himself or any other in his charge while suffering from infectious disease, or exposing infected bedding, clothing or the like, is made liable to a penalty.
That it is conveyed from person to person is an undoubted fact, proved by innumerable cases, and tacitly implied by the word " infectious," which is universally allowed.
It also compels dairymen to notify infectious diseases existing among their servants.
The diseases to which the act applies are smallpox, cholera, membranous croup, erysipelas, scarlatina or scarlet fever, typhus, typhoid, enteric, relapsing, continued or puerperal fever, and any other infectious disease to which the act has been applied by the local authority of the district in the prescribed manner.
Thus malaria and sand-fly fever, dysentery, typhoid and paratyphoid fever, cholera, smallpox, and occasionally typhus fever, eye diseases, oriental sores and indeed any disease conveyed by impure water, flies, contaminated dust or the contagion of sufferers from infectious diseases, are prevalent in the inhabited places along the Persian Gulf, and precautions must always be taken to guard against them.
They must give notice of any infectious disease to the medical officer of health and to the poor-law relieving officer, and they must give free access for inspection.
It was also considered to be highly infectious and to spread rapidly from person to person until whole areas were affected.
The melancholy incident illustrates several points of interest: (1) the correctness of the bacterial theory of causation, and the identity of the bacillus pestis as the cause; (2) the infectious character of the pneumonic type of disease; (3) its high fatality; (4) the difficulty of diagnosis.
prefix buo--, in the sense of "bad," and g vmpov, the intestine), also called "bloody flux," an infectious disease with a local lesion in the form of inflammation and ulceration of the lower portion of the bowels.
On Dartford Heath is a lunatic asylum of the London County Council, and, at Long Reach, the infectious diseases hospital of the Metropolitan Asylums Board.
The most important provision, however, relating To infectious disease is that contained in the Infectious Disease Notification Act 1889.
Where any part of the country appears to be threatened with or is affected by any formidable epidemic, endemic or infectious disease, the Local Government Board may make regula tions for the speedy interment of the dead, house-tohouse visitation, the provision of medical aid and accommodation, the promotion of cleansing, ventilation and disinfection, and the guarding against the spread of disease.
On the other hand, inheritance was dismissed, or survived only as a "susceptibility," in the cases of tubercle, leprosy and some other maladies now recognized as infectious; while in others, as in syphilis, it was seen to consist in a translation of the infectious element from parent to offspring.
As might be expected from these considerations, the bubonic type is very little infectious, while pneumonic cases are highly so, the patients no doubt charging the surrounding atmosphere by coughing.
Nevertheless, the fact, commented upon by several observers, that even here an infected fly is only infectious for a comparatively short period suggests that this species of fly, at any rate, is not the true alternate host in which the life-cycle of that particular Trypanosome is completed.
Tolerance is therefore analogous to, but not identical with, the immunity which takes place with the toxins of infectious diseases and snake poison.
It is also forbidden to let houses or rooms in which infected persons have been lodging, or to make false statements to persons negotiating for the hire of such rooms. An act was passed in the year 1890, called the Infectious Diseases Prevention Act.
It is not too much to say that this act has been one of the most effectual [England [Local Government]] means of preventing the spread of infectious disease in modern times.
But her frank recklessness, her generosity, her invariable good temper, her ready wit, her infectious high spirits and amazing indiscretions appealed irresistibly to a generation which welcomed in her the living antithesis of Puritanism.
Such clothing is not necessarily infectious; indeed, the probability is that it is not, unless contaminated by discharges.
It enables a local authority to require dairymen to furnish a complete list of sources of supply if the medical officer certifies that any person is suffering from infectious disease which he has reason to suspect is attributable to milk supplied within his district.
When sulphur is burned in air or oxygen, sulphur dioxide is produced, which is a powerful disinfectant, used to fumigate rooms which have been occupied by persons suffering from some infectious disease.
For special cases - infectious, massage, mental and maternity - nurses on a fixed salary usually, receive extra pay.
The Pellegrini is exclusively surgical; the Santa Maria di Loreto is especially for the inmates of the Reclusorio and for street accidents; the Ospedale Lina for children; and the Ospedale Cotugno for infectious diseases.
Only in a few isolated cases has any contamination been traced to fever or other zymotic germs. In this connexion it is worth noting that the infectious diseases hospital has a separate system of drainage which is carefully disinfected, and not allowed to be employed for the purposes of manure.
Hospitals.-The Metropolitan Asylums Board, though established in 1867 purely as a poor-law authority for the relief of the sick, insane Metro- and infirm paupers, has become a central hospital authority for infectious diseases, with power to receive into politan its hospitals persons, who are not paupers, suffering from Asylums fever, smallpox or diphtheria.
A department of public health was formed within the precincts of the Local Government Board; government laboratories were established, and machinery was devised for the notification of infectious diseases.
pestis, pestilentia), in medicine, a term given to any epidemic disease causing a great mortality, and used in this sense by Galen and the a ncient medical writers, but now confined to a special disease, otherwise called Oriental, Levantine, or Bubonic Plague, which may be shortly defined a specific infectious fever, one variety being characterized by buboes (glandular swellings) and carbuncles.
The local sanitary authorities carry out the provisions of the Infectious Diseases (Notification and Prevention) Acts, which for London are embodied in the Public Health (London) Act 1891.
The provisions of the Public Health Acts relating to infectious disease are for the most part extended to ships by an act of the year 1885.
Simpson in his Report on the Causes of the Plague in Hong Kong (1903) reports the endemicity of the plague in that colony to be maintained by (a) infection among rats often connected with infectious material in rat runs or in houses, the virus of which has not been destroyed, (b) retention of infection in houses which are rat-ridden, and (c) infected clothing of people who have been ill or died of plague.
In this campaign Aurelius, after a series of successes, was attacked, according to some authorities, by an infectious disease, of which he died after a seven days' illness, either in his camp at Sirmium (Mitrovitz), on the Save, in Lower Pannonia, or at Vindobona (Vienna), on the 17th of March 180, in the fifty-ninth year of his age.
Where the body of a person who has died of an infectious disease is retained in a room where persons live or sleep, or the retention of any dead body may endanger health, any justice on the certificate of a medical practitioner may order the removal of a body to a mortuary and direct the body to be buried within a time limited by the friends of the deceased or in their default by the relieving officer.
His humor was infectious.
His grin was infectious.
causes Most commonly sore throats are caused by viruses eg adenoviruses, influenza, and sometimes glandular fever (infectious mononucleosis ).
Since the virus is highly infectious and extremely communicable, it was easily transmitted.
"Bacteria: Diseases of Possible Infectious or Unknown Etiology."
Listeriosis may be diagnosed and treated by infectious disease specialists and internal medicine specialists.
When it comes to infectious disease, infants and young children are some of the most vulnerable members of society.
The combination of infectious beat and suggestive video proved to be the perfect formula for stardom, and soon, Spears was the one to be beat in the charts.
The Raconteurs: Steady, As She Goes is an infectious pop rock tune that announced the band's emergence on the music scene in 2006.
With a little help from hip hop illuminati like Pete Rock and B-Real, House of Pain ruled the airwaves and the nightclubs with their infectious jam – they were fist-pumping way before Jersey Shore.
Bedbugs do not generally carry infectious diseases, but there are a few health consequences you should be aware of.
Blood, semen or vaginal secretions, and human milk from a person with HIV are considered infectious.
One of the consequences of global warming in mountain regions is increasing risk of infectious diseases.
Private veterinary surgeons and veterinary inspectors are those whose occupation may put them at risk if an infectious agent is present.
anaemiaI diseases are exotic to the EU: the viral disease infectious salmon anemia (ISA) falls into this category.
biological warfare in the 20 th century and emerging infectious diseases.
infectious enthusiasm to all forms of teaching using a wide range of media.
infectious melodies to a healthy dose of social consciousness.
This promises to be visually spectacular, musically infectious and darkly comic.
The highly infectious nature of the disease prompted a search for a viral agent.
Outstanding tracks include the latest single ' Only This Moment ', the incredibly infectious ' Triumphant ' and ' Follow My Ruin ' .
Incorporating rumba, ragga, Spanish guitar and myriad African beats, their music is instantly infectious and delivered with impeccable artistry.
Many local bands are taking their contemporary Celtic sound to foreign shores where it's proving infectious.
infectious with bovine tb long before the skin test identifies the problem.
Plague is a specific infectious fever, caused by the bacillus pestis, which was identified in 1894 by Kitasato, and subsequently, but independently, by Yersin (see Parasitic Diseases).
Septicaemia, tuberculosis, glanders, fowl-cholera, relapsing fever, and other diseases are now brought definitely within the range of biology, and it is clear that all contagious and infectious diseases are due to the action of bacteria or, in a few cases, to fungi, or to protozoa or other animals.
The council are empowered to make by-laws for fixing the number of lodgers and separating the sexes therein, promoting cleanliness and ventilation, giving of notices and taking precautions in case of any infectious disease, and generally for the well-ordering of such houses.
==Charities== The Royal Infimary, in Woolmanhill, established in 1740, rebuilt in the Grecian style in 1833-1840, and largely extended after 1887 as a memorial of Queen Victoria's jubilee; the Royal Asylum, opened in 1800; the Female Orphan Asylum, in Albyn Place, founded in 1840; the Blind Asylum, in Huntly Street, established in 1843; the Royal Hospital for Sick Children; the Maternity Hospital, founded in 1823; the City Hospital for Infectious Diseases; the Deaf and Dumb Institution; Mitchell's Hospital in Old Aberdeen; the East and West Poorhouses, with lunatic wards; and hospitals devoted to specialized diseases, are amongst the most notable of the charitable institutions.
Anyone suffering from, or in close proximity to, an infectious illness.
Feline infectious peritonitis is also known as FIP.
According to the National Center for Complimentary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM), berberine shows some promise fighting infections, especially eye infections and infectious diarrhea.
These reagents should be marked ` potentially infectious - not tested at source for.
infectious in this way.
The ChildrenÃ¢s Theater Group joins with members of the Senior Theater Group to present this razzle-dazzle musical with a bright, infectious score !
All reasonable precautions have been taken to prevent the spread of infectious or contagious diseases.
He goes on to suggest that ' American concerns about global social change are refracted through the lens of infectious disease '.
Dressed in full Viking regalia for part of her talk, Jeanne 's enthusiasm was infectious.
EBV causes infectious mononucleosis (glandular fever), a self-limiting disease.
The condition is not infectious and is not usually severe enough to affect general health.
Infectious, ridiculously danceable and shot through with sparkling sequins shimmering in the cities ' moonlit glow.
The relative incidence and effect of bovine infectious keratoconjunctivitis in Bos indicus and Bos taurus cattle.
Zoonoses - annual report The European Food Safety Authority has published its first annual report on infectious diseases transmissible from animals to humans.
I have spent my day caring for around 30 patients with infectious diarrhea and vomiting on an understaffed ward.
They are viral in nature and whilst not infectious they do seem to spread on individuals.
The World Health Organization (WHO) warns that water-borne infectious diseases have spread through contaminated water supplies.
However, your adopted child may face medical issues like developmental delays, lead poisoning, infectious diseases, and intestinal parasites.
Shelters and humane societies screen their animals for infectious diseases and make sure they have their baby shots.
Make sure to take him to the vet's for a checkup and all shots before you allow him to associate with your other household pets, just in case he might have an infectious disease.
There is currently one feline infectious peritonitis vaccine that is licensed.
When infectious diseases like AIDS are brought into the mix, this issue quickly becomes an epidemic.
Additionally, infectious diseases like malaria and dengue fever are being spread to new areas that were once inhospitable to mosquitoes, putting the health of millions of human beings at risk.
The show deals with a lot of issues that many kids face in school and in life, and Miley's positive, if sometimes sassy, personality is infectious.
NBC Entertainment executive vice president for alternative programming, Craig Plestis, said that Fatone "brings an added burst of energy and a legion of fans with his musical talent and infectious personality."
Efron is indeed a cutie, with his clear blue eyes and infectious smile.
Whether it is his mild manner, inquisitive ways or infectious laugh, toddlers are attracted to Elmo.
The university specializes in teaching the research of infectious disease, atmospheric science, clean energy technologies, and environmental science.
In related jobs, they will be responsible for motivating their co-workers or the public, and their enthusiasm should be infectious and genuine.
Kennel cough is highly infectious, so if one of your dogs develops an infection, any other dogs you may have are also likely to get the virus.
If you own a hunting or sporting dog that spends a lot of time in streams and creeks, it is a good idea to rinse his paws when returning from the field to remove possible infectious germs.
Infectious Threads prides itself on "kool clothing and awesome accessories," which is just what you'll find.
Most people turn off the music while they play Tetris, but that's only because it's infectious.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report that dental caries are perhaps the most prevalent of infectious diseases in children.
Other well-known risk factors, such as family history, infectious agents, diet, environmental toxins, and pollution, can apply equally to children.
The Latin name for fifth disease is erythema infectiosum, meaning infectious redness.
By the time the rash appears, individuals are no longer infectious.
The physician will also exclude other potential causes for the symptoms and rash, including rubella, infectious mononucleosis, bacterial infections such as Lyme disease, allergic reactions, and lupus.
Some of the childhood vasculitides may be preceded and possibly triggered by infectious diseases.
It is thought that an infectious organism of some kind is the cause of Kawasaki disease, although no specific virus or bacterium has been identified as of 2004.
Some doctors think that genetic and immunologic factors are involved as well as an infectious organism.
As with Kawasaki disease, various infectious organisms have been proposed as the cause of IPAN, including hepatitis B virus, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), various retroviruses, streptococci, and even a virus usually found in cats.
The specialist may be a pediatric rheumatologist, cardiologist, neurologist, or specialist in infectious diseases.
Antibodies are proteins produced by the immune system in response to infectious agents that are foreign to the body, such as viruses, bacteria, parasites, or toxins.
These infectious organisms have antigens on their surfaces that stimulate the immune system to produce corresponding antibodies.
Virus-A small infectious agent consisting of a core of genetic material (DNA or RNA) surrounded by a shell of protein.
See also Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection; Infectious mononucleosis; Hepatitis B.
The incubation period ranges from three to 21 days, but cases are most infectious from seven to ten days before and after the onset of symptoms.
Antipyretics may be suggested to lower a fever and make the child more comfortable but will not affect the course of an underlying infectious disease.
A wound may be caused by an act (such as a gunshot, a fall, or a surgical procedure), by an infectious disease, or by an underlying condition.
Toxoplasmosis is an infectious disease caused by the one-celled parasitic organism Toxoplasma gondii.
Infectious illness: A rash is a symptom of many different kinds of childhood infectious illnesses, including chickenpox and scarlet fever.
All dirty diapers should be regarded as infectious and disposed of in a sanitary manner.
Meningococcus, a bacteria formally called Neisseria meningitidis, can be one of the most dramatic and rapidly fatal of all infectious diseases.
Trachoma is the most common infectious cause of blindness in the world.
Cerebellar ataxia: a movement disorder which with its sudden onset, often following an infectious viral disease, causes hypotonia.
Most fevers caused by infections are acute, appearing suddenly and then dissipating as the immune system defeats the infectious agent.
An infectious fever may also rise and fall throughout the day, reaching its peek in the late afternoon or early evening.
Blood tests can aid in identifying an infectious agent by detecting the presence of antibodies against it or providing samples for growth of the organism in a culture.
Adenoviruses are small infectious agents that cause upper respiratory tract infections, conjunctivitis, and other infections in humans.
In one mode of adenovirus infection (called lytic infection because it destroys large numbers of cells), adenoviruses kill healthy cells and replicate up to 1 million new viruses per cell killed, of which 1 to 5 percent are infectious.
Practicing good personal hygiene and avoiding contact with people with infectious illnesses can reduce the risk of developing adenovirus infection.
Other areas of research include the links between schizophrenia and family stress, drug use, and exposure to certain infectious agents.
All contagious disease is infectious, but not all infections are contagious.
The majority of children with FUO are eventually found to have one of several infectious diseases or an autoimmune disease.
It is possible for a child with FUO to spread infection or illness to other individuals, particularly if an infectious organism is the underlying cause.
The first step medically is to search for an infectious cause.
Antibodies to a number of infectious agents can be measured; if antibody levels are rising, they may point to an active infection.
In some cases, a febrile agglutination test can be performed to detect the presence in blood of certain infectious organisms that may stimulate the immune system to produce antibodies known as febrile agglutinins.
Portions of the biopsy are also sent to the laboratory for culture in an attempt to grow and identify an infectious organism.
Once physicians are satisfied that there is no infectious cause, they may recommend medications such as acetaminophen, NSAIDs, or corticosteroids to decrease inflammation and reduce constitutional symptoms.
The mutation was transmitted to later generations because people who carried a single copy of the mutated gene had a modified (but not abnormal) inflammatory response that may have protected them against some infectious agent at that time.
Although some experts suspect the rash may be triggered by a virus, no infectious agent had, as of 2004, been found.
In many cases, acute infectious diarrhea is a mild, limited annoyance common to adults and children.
Worldwide, acute infectious diarrhea has a huge impact, causing over 5 million deaths per year.
Prognosis is related to the cause of the diarrhea; for most individuals in developed countries, a bout of acute, infectious diarrhea is at best uncomfortable.
The care provider should wash his or her hands carefully after swabbing the throat and handling the specimen to prevent the spread of any infectious organisms.
Incubation period-The time period between exposure to an infectious agent, such as a virus or bacteria, and the appearance of symptoms of illness.
Immunization-A process or procedure that protects the body against an infectious disease by stimulating the production of antibodies.
Infectious mononucleosis is a contagious illness caused by the Epstein-Barr virus that can affect the liver, lymph nodes, and oral cavity.
Infectious mononucleosis, frequently called "mono" or the "kissing disease," is caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) found in saliva and mucus.
People with weakened or suppressed immune systems, such as AIDS patients or those who have had organ transplants, are particularly vulnerable to the potentially serious complications of infectious mononucleosis.
The most effective treatment for infectious mononucleosis is rest and a gradual return to regular activities.
In most cases, the infectious organisms are Streptococci or Staphylococci.
Because the human mouth contains a multitude of potentially harmful microorganisms, human bites are more infectious than those of most other mammals.
Immunocompromised people should avoid owning kittens, which are more likely than adult cats to be infectious.
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-An infectious disease caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
Plague-A serious, potentially life-threatening infectious disease caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis.
Yellow fever-An infectious disease caused by a virus.
The blood of infected individuals is thus highly infectious.
Immunizations for pneumonia and infectious diseases are part of treatment along with prompt treatment for sickle cell crises and infections of any kind.
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, a very rare brain disorder caused by an infectious particle called a prion, may also cause encephalitis.
Chest CT examinations are used to assess complications from infectious diseases, such as pneumonia and tuberculosis, inflammation of the airways, and birth defects.
Pinta can be diagnosed by dermatologists (doctors who specialize in skin diseases) and infectious disease specialists.
Approximately 24 hours after the treatment the skin lesions are no longer infectious and the child can no longer transmit the disease to others.
In Bell's palsy, this nerve becomes compressed due to swelling and inflammation that is a part of the body's reaction to an infectious disease process.
Shigella are extremely infectious bacteria, and ingestion of just 10 organisms is enough to cause dysentery.
The most widespread form of infectious rhinitis is the common cold.
Chickenpox (also called varicella) is a common, extremely infectious, rash-producing childhood disease that also affects adults on occasion.
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease, July 2004.
Because there is an infectious element to the disorder, infants with necrotizing enterocolitis may be isolated to avoid infecting other infants.
Tattoos can lead to the transmission of infectious diseases, such as hepatitis B and C and theoretically HIV, when proper sterilization and safety procedures are not followed.
Mature B cells are capable of making antibodies and developing memory, a feature in which the B cell will rapidly recognize and respond to an infectious agent the next time it is encountered.
In some infants with this disorder, laboratory tests are able to show that the antibodies present do not react properly with infectious bacteria.
Sleep deficits are known to make people more susceptible to infectious illnesses as well as automobile or workplace accidents.
Mucus produced through the respiratory system also serves to trap dust and infectious organisms.
Influenza-An infectious disease caused by a virus that affects the respiratory system, causing fever, congestion, muscle aches, and headaches.
Hepatitis A is a form of viral hepatitis also known as infectious hepatitis, due to its ability to be spread through personal contact.
Hepatitis A-Commonly called infectious hepatitis, caused by the hepatitis A virus (HAV).
However, if identification of the infectious agent is required, a stool sample will be collected and analyzed for the presence of rotavirus, disease-causing (pathogenic) bacteria, or parasites.
Clean bathroom surfaces, disinfected toys, and prompt washing of soiled clothes in hot water also help prevent the spread of infectious germs.
For example, practicing good hygiene and providing optimum nutrition are important for helping children avoid contact with infectious organisms and to develop resistance against them.
Parents may consider enrolling their EG diagnosed child or adolescent in a clinical trial sponsored by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID).
In other cases, transmission may occur during pregnancy, if the infectious agent can cross the placental barrier, and it may occur during breastfeeding, if the infectious agent can be found in breast milk.
In Infectious Diseases, 2nd ed. Edited by Jonathan Cohen et all.
National Center for Infectious Diseases.
Drugs that fight the infections associated with AIDS have improved and prolonged the lives of HIV-infected persons by preventing or treating conditions such as Journal of Infectious Diseases.
Dr. Mark Dybul, of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) and the study author, noted that this approach together with high patient adherence could be a powerful and cost-effective tool in HIV treatment.
The organism sometimes invades localized areas of tissue, producing meningitis, infectious arthritis, conjunctivitis, cellulitis, epiglottitis, or inflammation of the membrane surrounding the heart.
Children may also develop infectious arthritis from Hib.
In Principles and Practice of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, 2nd ed. Oxford, UK: Church Livingston, 2002.
Endemic disease-An infectious disease that occurs frequently in a specific geographical locale.
Congenital brain defects may have genetic, infectious, toxic, or traumatic causes.
Co-infection with other infectious organisms spread by ticks in the same areas as Borrelia burgdorferi (babesiosis and ehrlichiosis, for instance) may be responsible for treatment failures or more severe symptoms.
Blood-brain barrier-An arrangement of cells within the blood vessels of the brain that prevents the passage of toxic substances, including infectious agents, from the blood and into the brain.
Seminars in Pediatric Infectious Diseases 14 (April 2003): 123-30.
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID). 31 Center Drive, Room 7A50 MSC 2520, Bethesda, MD 20892.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Vector-Borne Infectious Diseases.
Usually referred to as the flu or grippe, influenza is a highly infectious respiratory disease.
Lancet Infectious Disease 138 (January 7, 2003): 53.
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID). 31 Center Drive, MSC 2520, Bethesda, MD 20892-2520.
National Center for Infectious Diseases, Division of Parasitic Diseases. 1600 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30333.
Prior to effective immunization programs in the United States, pertussis was the major cause of death from infectious disease among individuals under the age of 14.
Mothers with acute or chronic infectious hepatitis B can be identified by a blood test for HBsAg.
The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 23 (July 2004): 650-5.
If fluid or pus is draining from the ear, it can be collected and sent to a laboratory to determine if any specific infectious organisms are present.
Clinical Infectious Diseases 38 (May 1, 2004): iv.
In making the diagnosis, the doctor examines the affected person's eyes, ears, nose, and throat in order to rule out other diseases that may cause fever and sore throat, such as infectious mononucleosis, a sinus infection, or strep throat.
Many researchers have looked for some infectious cause for JA, but no clear connection to a particular organism had been made as of 2004.
The tests may also be ordered in later stages if the pregnant woman comes in contact with an infectious agent or develops symptoms of infection.
"Prenatal Testing for Infectious Disease."
Lancet Infectious Diseases 4, no. 10 (2004): 611-9.
Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology 12, no. 1 (2004): 1-8.
It is not possible to prevent colds because the viruses that cause colds are common and highly infectious.
Some cases of elevated pressure hydrocephalus may be avoided by preventing or treating the infectious diseases that precede them.
Bats in the United States have developed a particularly infectious form of the virus.
Emerging Infectious Diseases 9 (February 2003): 151-4.
According to the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, annually, more than 50 million Americans suffer from allergic diseases, with approximately 36 million suffering from allergic rhinitis.
When an infectious agent enters the body, the immune system develops antibodies which can weaken or destroy the disease-producing agent or neutralize its toxins.
Sources of blood and blood products are regulated and screened for infectious substances and were as of 2004 much safer.
Other infectious diseases from animal bites include cat-scratch disease, tetanus, and rabies.
It is rhythmic, especially in the spelling of the words, which gives a chance for claps and stomps to create an infectious beat (kind of like the infamous "WE WILL WE WILL ROCK YOU!!").
No longer content to ride the coattails of his friend Busta Rhymes, Rampage grabbed Sean Paul and The Neptunes and came up with this infectious little ditty.
Fans who loved Jet for their infectious hit Are You Gonna Be My Girl might be a little surprised here, but really, give Jet a chance to show you their sensitive side.
As part of the main character's ploy to make robbers think his house was occupied, cardboard silhouettes "dance" to the song as Christmas lights twinkle, proving anyone can get caught up in its infectious beat.
True to their hip hop roots, Gym Class Heroes songs often feature an infectious beat you can dance to, and they frequently include a touch of humor in both the lyrics and their music videos.
Now, I myself am not passionate about mathematics, but I find her enthusiasm for math to be infectious.
Once you have the virus you remain infectious for life.
In Essex, however, ambition seems to have become infectious.
infectious for humans.
They may not be deaf, blind, mentally disabled, have deformed or dysfunctional limbs, face, or trunk, or have AIDS or other infectious diseases.
An outdoor cat, on the other hand, should be vaccinated against all of the above, and the owner may even want to consider other vaccines, including Chlamydia, ringworm and Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIP).
Feline Infectious Anemia, a parasitic disease, is known by several names.
These cats have no signs or symptoms of illness and can live long lives as carriers of Feline Infectious Anemia.
This is the very best way to confirm the presence of Feline Infectious Anemia.
One particularly lethal offender is Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIP), a disease that is brought on by a mutation of a feline enteric coronavirus.
Diseases such as Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIP), Chlamydia and Feline Leukemia (FeLV) are often given to animals that are at least one year old and delivered on an annual or every third year basis thereafter.
Much like in cases of Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIV), fluid accumulation occurs in the advanced stages.
See also Coagulation disorders; Infectious mononucleosis; TORCH test.
Lancet Infectious Diseases 4, no. 2 (February 2004): 84-90.
"Rotaviruses." In Principles and Practice of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, 2nd ed. Edited by Sarah S.
In Infectious Diseases, 2nd ed. Edited by Jonathon Cohen and William Powderly.
Whooping cough-An infectious disease of the respiratory tract caused by a bacterium, Bordetella pertussis.
"Adenoviruses." In Principles and Practice of Pediatric Infectious Diseases.
National Center for Infectious Diseases, Center for Disease Control and Prevention.
In Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases.
In Principles and Practice of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, 2nd ed. Edited by Sarah S.
L., et al. Infectious Diseases. 2nd ed. Philadelphia: W.
Lancet Infectious Disease 3 (December 2003): 748.
Current Opinions in Infectious Diseases 17, no. 3 (June 2004): 177-84.
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID).
G. "Infectious mononucleosis: return to play."
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease.
Mandal, B., et al. Lecture Notes on Infectious Disease.
In Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases, 5th ed. Edited by Gerald L.
The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal.
Another infectious cause of diaper rash is impetigo.
Clinical Infectious Diseases 33, no. 16 (September 15, 2001): 806.
Clinical Infectious Diseases 37 (December 1, 2003): 1481-89.
In Principles and Practice of Pediatric Infectious Diseases,2nded.
Principles and Practice of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, 2nd ed. St. Louis, MO: Elsevier, 2003.
"The History of Pediatric Infectious Diseases."
National Center for Infectious Diseases (NCID).
Current Opinions in Infectious Disease 17, no. 5 (2004): 413-20.
Pediatric Infectious Diseases Journal 23, no. 5 (May 2004): 451-7.
Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases 17, no. 3 (June 2004): 243-6.
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases.
Pediatric Infectious Diseases Journal 23, no. 5 (May 2004): 399-405.
Office of Health Communication National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
The Infectious Diseases Society of America stated in 2000 that immunization is recommended for all adults who have never had chickenpox.
American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Infectious Diseases.
Food poisoning is sometimes called bacterial gastroenteritis or infectious diarrhea and is sometimes incorrectly called ptomaine poisoning.
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. 6610 Rockledge Drive, MSC 6612, Bethesda, MD 20892-6612.
In a few cases, the doctor may take a skin biopsy in order to rule out certain infectious skin diseases.
Water in the ear canal can carry infectious microorganisms into the ear canal.
Infectious disease-A disease caused by a virus or a bacterium.
Examples of viruses causing an infectious disease are: HIV-1 virus, herpes simplex, cytomegalovirus, Epstein-Barr virus, leukemia virus.
Examples of bacterial infectious diseases are: syphilis and tuberculosis.
National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. cdc.gov/healthyswimming/swimmers_ear.htm.
The specific cause of Kawasaki syndrome was as of 2004 unknown, although the disease resembles an infectious illness in many ways.
"Sinusitis." National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, April 2002.
Emerging Infectious Diseases 9, no. 12 (December, 2003): 1563-70.
"Cytomegalovirus." In Principles and Practice of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, 2nd ed. Edited by Sarah S.
Commentary) Journal of Infectious Diseases 190, no. 6 (Sept. 2004): 1043.
Journal of Infectious Diseases 189, no. 11 (June 2004): 1974-83.
It is the result of an infectious process or other disease.
While this food might not cause infection in others, it is a potential source of infectious organisms for someone with an immunodeficiency.
Isolation from other children is brief or not carried out at all; since the infectious stage is so brief, there is little danger of passing on the infection after the rash appears.
In Krugman's Infectious Diseases of Children, 11th ed. Edited by Anne A.
Tuberculosis is a chronic, infectious disease that primarily attacks the lungs.
This condition, called lymphoid hyperplasia, may also be associated with a variety of inflammatory and infectious diseases, such as Crohn's disease, gastroenteritis, respiratory infections, mononucleosis, and measles.
In this way children are best able to develop the immunities they need to survive in a world full of infectious diseases.
L. "The infectious origins of stillbirth."
Different groups of viruses are more infectious at different seasons of the year, but knowing the exact virus causing the cold is not important in treatment.
Excellent hand washing and careful food handling should always be followed, but the healthcare provider should also provide guidance about other ways to avoid exposure to infectious disease.
Clinical Infectious Diseases 36 (February 1, 2003): 42-6.
Emerging Infectious Diseases 9 (February 2003): 151-54.
Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases 34 (June 2002): 474-77.
The production continues to thrill audiences with infectious excitement and a universally understandable story of conflict and resolution.
Alice can be denied nothing for her infectious cheer is a tangible emotion.
In short, all you really need to understand about the Aries man is that he is an assertive, active, dynamic and fearless individual with a zest for life that is infectious!
Additionally, even if you don’t like your Cap’s penchant for telling stories, it will be very difficult not to smile when you hear his booming, or her throaty, infectious laugh.
A body piercing, even when healed, can be a conduit for infectious bacteria.
antibodyevalence of serum neutralizing antibodies to infectious bovine rhinotracheitis virus in Scotland.
background avian influenza is a highly infectious disease affecting many species of birds, including commercial, wild and pet birds.
It's not just the infectious nature of heavy dub bass and ska chops over a hip-hop backbeat that gets them moving.
infectious bronchitis associated problems continue to be reported from all countries with a developed chicken industry.
To become infectious, it has to rid itself of Gag by splitting these proteins into smaller ones, called capsid.
centreanuary a new center of excellence for the study of infectious diseases was launched.
They are a melodic guitar band with catchy tunes and infectious sing-a-long choruses, and somewhat unsurprisingly, they're creating a storm.
The Plasmodium falciparum chromosome 2 project was funded by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID ).
curable with multi-drug therapy and after only a few days on treatment, sufferers are no longer infectious.
By contrast, there were no unfilled posts in renal medicine or infectious diseases.
efficacious vaccines for some equine infectious diseases is one of the success stories of modern veterinary medicine.
Cats and kittens should be vaccinated against flu and feline infectious enteritis.
The most common infectious diseases reported are viral diseases, such as duck virus hepatitis and duck virus enteritis (duck plague ).
He contributes infectious enthusiasm to all forms of teaching using a wide range of media.
She gained the position of RCUK academic fellow in infectious disease epidemiology in June 2006.
equine infectious anemia (EIA ), a contagious and potentially fatal viral disease of horses.
Infectious disease is a major cause of reduced life expectancy in developing countries.
full-length, vector cDNAs that contained the plant cDNA libraries were transcribed in vitro to generate infectious viral RNAs.
We showed that one or more proteins encoded by gene 1 of infectious (IB) virus have a dominant impact on pathogenicity.
It's a feel good sound, chiming guitars and infectious melodies.
helminth immunology and the interaction of multiple parasite species on other infectious diseases.
Infectious Diseases These include hepatitis that typically features severe depression in the recovery phase.
There are several forms of the disease, including hepatitis A (sometimes called infectious hepatitis ), hepatitis B and hepatitis C.
There is no evidence to suggest that CAD is either hereditary or infectious.
Prions are rather ill-defined infectious agents believed to consist of a single type of protein molecule with no nucleic acid component.
immunized against the preventable infectious diseases such as measles and polio.
infectious disease, Malaria, Genomics, Vaccines.
infectious mononucleosis may be able to spread the infection to others for a period of weeks.
infectious anemia (EIA ), a contagious and potentially fatal viral disease of horses.
Still, it's utterly infectious and totally irresistible.
infectious for 48 hours after their symptoms have ceased.
infectious hepatitiscute infectious viral hepatitis usually improves on its own.
People who have infectious mononucleosis may be able to spread the infection to others for a period of weeks.
Analysis of immune activation and clinical events in acute infectious mononucleosis.
The testing for infectious diseases was inadequate, and the provision of a regime for mental health inpatients was poor.
Beside this, about 12.2% of all grafts were done for active infectious keratitis.
John's infectious laugh made everyone feel that he was nothing more than a mate playing a few tunes for you.
Goodall's infectious tunes which included light opera and modern musical theater numbers - were complemented by dazzling word play from Hart.
Other forms of TB e.g. lymph or bone are not infectious.
The presence of ascending lymphangitis and lymphadenopathy suggest an infectious cause.
melody intention they marry an ear for infectious melodies to a healthy dose of social consciousness.
He set out to find dyes that would destroy other infectious microbes within the body.
Sir John's academic background is in medical microbiology, with special interest in mechanisms of infectious disease.
Feline leucocyte antigen class II polymorphism and susceptibility to feline infectious peritonitis.
Malaria is an infectious disease due to the presence of a parasite called plasmodium within the red blood cells.
The former make an occasionally infectious noise that's part '80s electro pop, part Goth gloom.
proteinaceous infectious particles which resist inactivation by procedures that modify nucleic acids " .
The ChildrenÃ¢s Theater Group joins with members of the Senior Theater Group to present this razzle-dazzle musical with a bright, infectious score!
reasonable precautions have been taken to prevent the spread of infectious or contagious diseases.
refracted through the lens of infectious disease ' .
Dressed in full viking regalia for part of her talk, Jeanne's enthusiasm was infectious.
Discussion The number of unfilled posts in 1999 was surprisingly high, and only renal medicine and infectious diseases managed to fill all vacancies.
Efficacy of some disinfectants against infectious bursal disease virus and avian reovirus.
N.B: Conditions which require medical clearance include respiratory, coronary or infectious illness.
Authored by Sue Skirrow, a Veterinary Officer, this document discusses atrophic rhinitis, an infectious disease of the nasal bones of pigs.
Chicken pox An infectious disease that makes you break out in tiny blisters which then scab over.
The nucleotide sequence of the infectious cloned DNA components of potato yellow mosaic virus.
The occurrence and distribution in the United Kingdom of antibodies to parainfluenza 3 and infectious bovine rhinotracheitis viruses in bovine sera.
anyone suffering from, or in close proximity to, an infectious illness.
A pregnant woman with infectious syphilis can pass the infection to her fetus via the placenta or during birth.
Effect of a single mass antibiotic distribution on the prevalence of infectious trachoma.
Working when sick is infectious Are you a mucus trooper, a stoic, a model patient, a walking epidemic or a shirker?
The resistance may be lowered temporarily by trauma or infectious disease such as measles, and skeletal tuberculosis or miliary tuberculosis may supervene.
viral in nature and whilst not infectious they do seem to spread on individuals.
Glanders is a very virulent, infectious disease spread by bacteria.
We produced the first recombinant infectious bronchitis virus using reverse genetics technology.
A reverse genetics system was developed for infectious bronchitis virus, which could lead to more stable vaccines.
Presenting the true flavor of Eastern Europe with a fiery gypsy vivacity and an occasional swing feel that is infectious.
water supplyHealth Organization (WHO) warns that water-borne infectious diseases have spread through contaminated water supplies.
This organism belongs to a family of infectious agents which cause yaws and pinta as well as syphilis.
Albinism, with which variegated foliage may be considered, concerns a different set of causes, still obscure, and usually regarded as internal, though experiments go to show that some variegations are infectious.
It is to him that the world is indebted for the introduction of methods which have already worked wonders, and bid fair to render possible the preventive treatment of all infectious diseases.
The decrease may chiefly have been due to infectious diseases, especially a very severe epidemic of smallpox.
On the Easter Hill stands the Royal Edinburgh asylum for the insane, which formerly occupied a site in Morningside, while the City infectious diseases hospital is situated at Colinton Mains.
The history of this discovery need not be told here, but it may be pointed out that, apart from its practical importance, it has had great influence on the scientific study of infectious diseases.
Among the hospitals and charitable institutions are the Syracuse hospital (1872) for infectious diseases, the Hospital of the Good Shepherd (1873), the Syracuse homoeopathic hospital (1895), the Syracuse hospital for women and children (1887), St Mary's infant and maternity hospital (1900) under the Sisters of Charity, St Joseph's hospital (1869) under Sisters of the Third Order of St Francis, the Syracuse home for aged women (1852), Onondaga county orphan asylum (private; 1841), and two other orphan asylums controlled by the Sisters of Charity, and the state institution for feeble-minded children (1896).
The disease is peculiarly contagious and infectious, owing to the development of the fungus through the skin, whence spores are freed, which, coming in contact with healthy caterpillars, fasten on them and germinate inwards, giving off corpuscles within the body of the insect.
The disease is thus hereditary, but in addition it is virulently infectious and contagious.
Emerging Infectious Diseases 10, no. 4 (April 2004): 574-80.
The word usage examples above have been gathered from various sources to reflect current and historial usage. They do not represent the opinions of YourDictionary.com.