Industries sentence example
The most important internal industries are in wool and frozen meat.
All big industries are replaced by better ones.
The opportunity of utilizing the wool for textile industries has not yet been taken, though Sardinian women are accustomed to weave strong and durable cloth.
It is well known for its well-established, lucrative manufacturing and distribution industries.
In the middle ages Teignmouth was a flourishing port, able to furnish 7 ships and 120 mariners to the Calais expedition of 1347, and depending chiefly on the fishing and salt industries.Advertisement
There is a considerable trade in wine and agricultural produce, other industries being brewing and malting.
Its industries include manufactures of cotton stuffs, alcohol and soap.
The greatest proportion of strikes takes place in northern Italy, especially Lombardy and Piedmont, where manufacturing industries are most developed.
The main industries are glovemaking and leather-dressing.
The city had struggled through the drabness of poverty and joblessness in an effort to raise itself from the ashes of long-dead industries.Advertisement
It is the centre of considerable lace, linen and cotton industries.
The cereals of Europe are a source of increasing wealth to the nation, and alfalfa promises new prosperity for pastoral industries.
Some 9000 individuals were engaged in unclassified industries.
The chief development has taken place in mechanical industries, though it has also been marked in metallurgy.
Sulphur mining M h 1 supplies large industries of sulphur-refining and grinding, - in spite of American competition.Advertisement
The textile industries, some of which are of ancient date, are among those that have most rapidly developed.
The other textile industries (flax, jute, &c.) have made notable progress.
Chemical industries show an output worth 2,640,000 in 1902 al against 1,040,000 in 1893.
Pharmaceutical industries as distinguished from those above mentioned, have kept pace with the general development of Italian activity.
Other industries of a semi-chemical character are candle-, soap-, glue-, and perfume-making, and the preparation of india-rubber.Advertisement
Other cities where the ceramic industries keep their ground are Pesaro, Gubbio, Faenza (whose name long ago became the distinctive term for the finer kind of potters work in France, falence), Savona and Albissola, Turin, Mondovi, Cuneo, Castellamonte, Milan, Brescia, Sassuolo, Imola, Rimini, Perugia, Castelli, &c. In all these the older styles, by which these places became famous in the IthI8th centuries, have been revived.
In the mining and woollen industries they have fallen, but have increased in mechanical, chemical, silk and cotton industries.
Textile, building and mining industries show the highest percentage of strikes, since they give employment to large numbers of men concentrated in single localities.
Agricultural strikes, though less frequent than those in manufacturing industries, have special importance in Italy.
On the 17th of April 1898 a species of Employers Liability Act compelled employers of more than five workmen in certain industries to insure their employees against accidents.Advertisement
The richest, however, of the co-operative societies, though few in number, are those for the production of electricity, for textile industries and for ceramic and glass manufactures.
In 1894 the excess of imports over exports fell to 2,720,000, but by 1898 it had grown to 8,391,000, in consequence chiefly of the increased importation of coal, raw cotton and cotton thread, pig and cast iron, old iron, grease and oil-seeds for use in Italian industries.
The industries are the manufacture of copper utensils and yellow leather, and the stamping of colours on white Manchester cotton.
The industries of Trier include iron-founding, dyeing and the manufacture of machinery.
The main industries are cotton-spinning, flax-spinning, cottonprinting, tanning and sugar refining; in addition to which there are iron and copper foundries, machine-building works, breweries and factories of soap, paper, tobacco, &c. As a trading centre the city is even more important.
With it are connected a school of engineering, a school of arts and industries and the famous library (about 300,000 printed volumes and 2000 MSS.) formerly belonging to the city.
The principal industries include paper-making, brewing, the making of nets and twine, bricks, tiles and pottery, tanning and oil-refining, besides saltworks and seed-crushing works.
Auckland has industries of sugar-refining, ship-building and paper-, ropeand brick-making, and timber is worked.
The spinning and weaving of cotton and the manufacture of hosiery, of both of which Troyes is the centre, are the main industries of the department; there are also a large number of distilleries, tanneries, oil works, tile and brick works, flour-mills, saw-mills and dyeworks.
In most cases, however, a very dense population can only be maintained in regions where mineral resources have fixed the site of great manufacturing industries.
In 1905 Portland was the first manufacturing city of the state, with a factory product valued at $9,132,801 (as against $8,527,649 for Lewiston, which outranked Portland in 1900); here are foundries and machine-shops, planing-mills, car and railway repair shops, packing and canning establishments - probably the first Indian corn canned in the United States was canned near Portland in 1840 - potteries, and factories for making boots, shoes, clothing, matches, screens, sleighs, carriages, cosmetics, &c. Shipbuilding and fishing are important industries.
Weaving and brewing and the manufacture of machinery, chicory, cigars, malt, boots, furniture and soap are the chief industries.
It lies in the midst of the great red and brown hematite iron-ore deposits of the Mesabi Range - the richest in the Lake Superior district - and the mining and shipping of this ore are its principal industries.
Its industries include tanning, leather-dressing and shoe-making, silk-spinning, hat-making, absinthe-distilling and oil-refining.
The chief industries are the making of sugar and shoes, and there are also electrical works and saw-mills.
Cotton-weaving and cigar-making are the principal manufacturing industries, after the large engenhos devoted to the manufacture of sugar and rum.
Its industries include cotton-spinning, brewing, distilling, and the manufacture of tobacco, earthenware and matches; native industry produces carved and inlaid furniture, bronzes and artistic metalwork, silk embroidery, &c. Hanoi is the junction of railways to Hai-Phong, its seaport, Lao-Kay, Vinh, and the Chinese frontier via Lang-Son.
Its industries include the distillation of oil, tanning, salt-refining, brewing, and the manufacture of earthenware and casks.
Its industries embrace the manufacture of iron and steel goods, tanning and organ-building.
Cattle-breeding and sheep-farming, however, are the principal industries.
The coral and fishing industries are the most important in Alghero, but agriculture has made some progress in the district, which produces good wine.
Lerwick's main industries are connected with the fisheries, of which it is an important centre.
The industries consist of manufactures of cotton, linen, woollens and worsteds, and leather.
When workmen from any province come, for instance, to St Petersburg to engage in the textile industries, or to work as carpenters, masons, &c., they immediately unite in groups of ten to fifty persons, settle in a house together, keep a common table and pay each his part of the expense to the elected elder of the artel.
Notwithstanding the wealth of the country in minerals and metals of all kinds, and the endeavours made by government to encourage mining, including the imposition of protective Mining tariffs even against Finland (in 1885), this and the related and re- industries are still at a low stage of development.
Similar industries, carried on by similar methods, exist at St Petersburg, Riga, Narva and Odessa.
Far from being destroyed by the competition of the " modern " factories, domestic industries have well maintained their ground, new branches of petty trade having sprung up in some districts, among them the manufacture of agricultural machinery (thrashing machines in Ryazan, Vyatka and Perm; ploughs in Smolensk, &c.) deserves notice.
Taking the Lake Aral and Siberian river fisheries into account, it is estimated that altogether the fishing industries yield a revenue to the state of £330,000 annually.'
The industries include iron-founding, tanning, and the manufacture of machines, tobacco and gloves.
The Falkland Islands Company, having its headquarters at Stanley and an important station in the camp at Darwin, carries on an extensive business in sheep-farming and the dependent industries, and in the general import trade.
The leading industries comprise the making of agricultural implements and mineral waters, besides tanning.
His administration was marked by a revival of American industries and a reduction of the public debt, and at its conclusion the country was left in a condition of prosperity and on friendly terms with foreign nations.
Macabebe's principal industries are the cultivation of rice and sugar cane, the distilling of nipa alcohol, and the weaving of hemp and cotton fabrics.
The industries of the town include cotton spinning and weaving, silk spinning, the manufacture of tobacco, ropes, metal-ware, furniture, &c. The market gardens of the neighbourhood are famous, and there is a considerable shipping trade by the river and the Ludwigskanal.
Flour-milling and tanning are industries, and monthly cattle fairs are held.
The industries embrace the making of cheese, objects in cement, matches, and brushes, the production of silkworms, and printing; and the town is the centre of a rich agricultural district.
Straw-plaiting and the manufacture of small wooden wares are the principal industries, and there are large chemical works.
The industries are few, the growing of wine, breeding of silkworms, making of agricultural instruments, printing and the manufacture of laces being the chief.
Other industries are the manufacture of cellulose, artificial manure, flour and malt; and there are saw-mills, iron foundries and breweries in the town.
The only manufacturing industries of importance are cotton mills, sugar factories and distilleries, one of the largest sugar usines in Brazil being located at Riachuelo near Larangeiras.
There are many industries in the town, especially silk-ribbon weaving, foundries, and factories for the manufacture of cutlery and scientific instruments.
The industries include boat-building and the manufacture of colours and perfumery.
It has considerable silk industries.
The industries comprise the manufacture of chemicals and artificial manures, granite polishing, flour and sawmills, bootand shoe-making, carriagebuilding and woollen manufactures.
Farming, horsebreeding, linen-weaving and the manufacture of olive-oil are the chief local industries.
Besides quarrying, the industries include granitepolishing, concrete (crushed granite) works, dye-works, papermills and artificial manures.
Until nearly a century after the founding of the Carolinas there was not a town in North Carolina that had a population of 1000, and the urban population of the state was exceptionally small at the beginning of the rapid rise of the manufacturing industries about 1880.
The shipping of fresh milk to Rio de Janeiro and butter-making are comparatively new industries.
Though the city has specialities of jewelry, carpets, modelling in pith, &c., there are no large industries.
Other thriving local industries include the manufacture of oil, soap, flour, leather, alcohol and esparto grass rugs.
The chief industries are weaving, leather-making, dyeing and working in iron and pottery.
In later speeches, too, he defended protection rather as a policy under which industries had been called into being than as advisable if the stage had been clear for the adoption of a new policy.
Printing works, malting, brick and tile, and agricultural implement works are the chief industries.
Among the industries of the men were printing (in both English and German), book binding, tanning, quarrying, and the operation of a saw milI,.
The chief industries of Grimsby are shipbuilding, brewing, tanning, manufactures of ship tackle, ropes, ice for preserving fish, turnery, flour, linseed cake, artificial manure; and there are saw mills, bone and corn mills, and creosote works.
Saalfeld is situated in one of the busiest parts of Meiningen and has a number of prosperous industries, including the manufacture of machinery, bricks, colours, malt, cigars, hosiery and vinegar.
Other industries are brewing, printing and iron-founding, and there are ochre and iron mines in the neighbourhood.
To begin with a comparatively small, though not unimportant, matter, Pasteur's discoveries on fermentation inaugurated a new era in the brewing and wine-making industries.
The industries mainly consist in shipbuilding, fish-curing, and the manufacture of machinery (particularly for agriculture), and the commerce in the export of corn, wood and fish.
The leading industries comprise manufactures of tweeds, hosiery, clogs, baskets and leather, besides the timber trade, nursery gardening and the making of machinery and iron implements.
On the other hand, the domestic industries are extensively carried on and exhibit a high degree of technical skill and artistic taste.
At the same time he did much to encourage agriculture and local industries, among others establishing the manufacture of porcelain.
It is the seat of cotton, calico, silk, machinery and other industries, and excellent wine is grown there.
The industries of the United States were in their infancy.
We may do the same for other industries, theory.
If all the industries belong to one economic area over which, so far as we can tell from general statistics of wages and prices, and other information, fairly homogeneous conditions prevailed, we may be able to reach some useful conclusions as to the operation of the act.
Trade unions, so far from disappearing, were legalized, gathered strength from the changes in industrial organization, and nowhere became so powerful as in the most progressive industries; while other forms of combination appeared, incomparably stronger, for good or evil, than those of earlier times.
For these problems we want, not a few old-established general principles which no one seriously calls in question, but genuine constructive and organizing capacity, aided by scientific and detailed knowledge of particular institutions, industries and classes.
On this subject many monographs and larger works have been published in recent years, but dealing rather with such questions as trade unionism, co-operation and factory legislation, than the structure and organization of particular industries, or the causes and the results of the formation of the great combinations, peculiarly characteristic of the United States, but not wanting in England, which are amongst the most striking economic phenomena of modern times.
Its industries include the manufacture of tiles, pasteboard wares and gardening implements, while there are coal mines in the vicinity.
The chief industries are the manufacture of railway plant, cloth, wool, soap, shoddy, furniture, bricks and cement.
The state includes the oldest settlements in Venezuela, and was once very prosperous, producing cattle and exporting hides, but wars and political disorders have partly destroyed its industries and impeded their development.
The industries are brewing, tanning, soap-boiling, flour-milling, malting, ironfounding, saw-milling and jam-making.
The worsted, woollen and cotton industries, and the iron, steel and machinery manufactures are very extensive.
New industries are those of tapestry, brocades, imitation of ancient stuffs, cloth of silver and gold, and Venetian laces.
Other important industries are wood-carving (of an artistic excellence long unknown), artistic iron-working, jewelling, bronze-casting, the production of steam-engines, machinery, matches (largely exported to Turkey, Egypt, Russia, Austria-Hungary and Greece), clock-making, wool-weaving and the manufacture of chemical manures.
Dairying and the production of eggs are also important industries in all sections.
It has very little importance as a commercial or industrial centre, having only a small trade and a few unimportant industries.
The metallurgic industries are well developed, and consist in the production of iron, steel, machinery, small-arms, lead articles, wire-cables and rails.
Shipbuilding and allied industries early became of great importance.
Local industries do not seem to have been important.
In the neighbourhood are extensive coal-mines and brick-works, and the industries embrace the manufacture of linen, beer, spirits and tobacco.
It is one of the chief manufacturing places in Rhenish Prussia, its principal industries being the spinning and weaving of cotton, the manufacture of silks, velvet, ribbon and damasks, and dyeing and bleaching.
It is a thriving manufacturing town, its chief industries being leather-making, yarn-spinning, cottonand linen-weaving, the manufactures of cigars, brushes, liquors and oil, and glueand soap-boiling.
The industries include the manufacture of tobacco, cigars, machinery, vinegar, soap and bricks, and there is a considerable trade by water in agricultural produce.
The period since the Civil War has been marked by a diversification of industries.
Without the active intervention of a strong body of interested parties it is sometimes unlikely that new industries will be undertaken even in places well suited for them.
Pittsfield has water-power and important manufacturing industries.
The leading industries are ship-building, bleaching and the making of flax and glue.
The land is poor in minerals, including coal; water-power also is deficient, so that the introduction of European industries is attended with difficulties even apart from the insecurity of affairs, which forbids such experiments as the improvement of agriculture by means of European capital.
The most important industries were those that depended upon the forests, their product amounting to nearly 45% of the entire manufactured product of the state.
The leased convicts are employed in the turpentine and lumber industries and in the phosphate works.
The industries include the manufacture of soap, tobacco, machinery, paper, bricks and tiles, beer and other goods.
In the public garden is the Zappeion, a large building with a Corinthian portico, intended for the display of Greek industries; here also is a monument to Byron, erected in 1896.
The export trade is, however, inconsiderable, as the produce of the local industries is mainly ' absorbed by home consumption.
The leading industries are the crushing of palm-kernels and linseed and the manufacture of india-rubber, phosphates, starch, nitrate and jute.
The Carnegie Institute in the decade increased the extent of its service to the community; its central library, with 464,313 volumes, had 8 branches, 16 stations, 128 school stations, 10 club stations and 8 playground stations, with a circulation of 1,363,365 books; both the scientific museum and the art department added greatly to their collections; in the school of technology the enrolment grew from 2,102 students in 1909 to 4,982 students in 1920, including those in the departments of science and engineering, arts, industries and the Margaret Morrison school for women.
Nursery and market gardening, largely under glass, brickmaking and saw-mills are the chief industries of Cheshunt.
Among other industries gold-mining is advancing rapidly.
The only manufacturing industries of much importance are the preparation of sugar, coffee and tobacco for market, and the manufacture of cigars, cigarettes, straw hats, soap, matches, vermicelli, sash, doors, ice, distilled liquors and some machinery.
Mining industries are still undeveloped, but considerable progress has been made in manufactures, especially of textile fabrics.
The area remained as fixed in 1876, but the increasing pop. and industries have spread beyond these limits.
Imports include coal,timber, tar and hemp. Steam sawing, metal-founding, fish-salting, shipbuilding and repairing, and the manufacture of ship's-biscuits and fishing-nets are among the industries.
In 1880 the capital invested in manufacturing industries was approximately $2,468,000; in 1890 it was $9,508,962; in 1900 it had increased to $16,045,156; and in 1905, when only establishments under the "factory system" were counted in the census, to $21,631,162.
The place has an active trade, especially in grain and in the timber floated down from the Black Forest by the Rhine and the Ysel; the industries include tanning, weaving, and oil and paper manufactures.
The chief industries include distilleries, breweries, glass works, cigar factories and the ancient linen and cutlery manufactures.
The leading industries are the manufacture of lumber and cotton products.
Industries include slate quarrying, shipbuilding, iron and brass foundries, alum, vitriol, manure, guano and tobacco works.
The principal industries are shipbuilding (iron), boiler and engineering works, iron and brass foundries, steam saw and planing mills, flour-mills, paper and paint factories, and soapworks.
The value of the city's factory products in 1905 was $13,879,159, the principal items being rubber and elastic goods ($3,635,211) and boots and shoes ($2,044,250) The manufacture of stoves, and of mucilage and paste are important industries.
The only important industries are connected with cotton and coal.
At the same time, however, there were many who, opposed to the Paracelsian edefinition of chemistry, still labored at the problem of the alchemists, while others gave much attention to the chemical industries.
The industries of the Lake District include slate quarrying and some lead and zinc mining, and weaving, bobbin-making and pencil-making.
The industries of Breda comprise the 'manufacture of linen and woollen goods, carpets, hats, beer and musical instruments.
The industries include cloth-weaving, tanning, dyeing and saw mills.
With the decay of her mining industries, Ouro Preto had become merely the political centre of the state.
The removal of the capital was a serious blow, as the city has no industries to support its population and no trade of importance.
In 1681 Daniel Jean Richard introduced watch-making here, which soon drove out all other industries.
For its size and population the town enjoys unusual prosperity, in consequence of its several flourishing industries.
Many industries flourish on the outskirts of the town, including rope and net manufactures, flour mills, saw mills, mining railways, paper mills.
Charlevoix is an important hardwood lumber port, and the principal industries are the manufacture of lumber and of cement; fishing (especially for lake trout and white fish); the raising of sugar beets; and the manufacture of rustic and fancy wood-work.
The valleys are particularly adapted to horseand sheep-farming, which are growing industries.
It ranks among the first twelve towns in Sweden both in population and in the value of its manufacturing industries.
It has very active and varied industries, and is a trade centre for a large grainand fruit-producing and stock-raising region, and has one of the largest nurseries in the United States.
Shipbuilding and the manufacture of ropes, paint and sails are industries.
The industries comprise iron-founding, weaving and.
The chief industries of the people are farming and ranching.
The gas is excellent, is used for lighting the town, supplies light and fuel for the people, and a number of industries are using the gas for manufacturing.
The game-pies and other delicacies of Chartres are well known, and the industries also include flour-milling, brewing, distilling, iron-founding, leather manufacture, dyeing, and the manufacture of stained glass, billiard requisites, hosiery, &c.
The leading industries are linenweaving, tanning, brewing, horse-dealing and the quarrying of marble and gypsum.
A considerable trade is carried on in the wine produced in the surrounding vineyards, and other industries are spinning and weaving.
Manufacturing industries are for the most part closely related to the products of the soil, about two-thirds of the value of all manufactures in Igoo and in 1905 being represented by sugar and molasses refining, lumber and timber products, cotton-seed oil and cake, and rice cleaned and polished.
The fishing and sponge industries are important.
The manufacturing industries of Cuba have never been more than insignificant as compared with what they might be.
Such manufactures as are of any consequence are mostly connected with the sugar and tobacco industries.
There are some tanneries, some preparation of preserves and other fruit products, and some old handicraft industries like the making of hats; but these have been of comparatively scant importance.
Despite natural advantages for all meat industries, canned meats have generally been imported.
The tobacco industries are very largely concentrated in Havana, and there are factories in Santiago de las Vegas and Bejucal.
Poor means of communication have always been a great handicap to the industries of the island.
The other industries are leather work, sugar-refining, goldsmith's work, ivory carving, iron, brass, copper, stone masonry, tanning, weaving, dyeing and carpentry.
The principal industries are wool and cotton spinning, and the manufacture of porcelain, earthenware, boots, soap, oil, sparkling wines and beer.
Beside agriculture, which employed over 88% of the whole population in 1895, the other industries are insignificant.
The more special industries of Turkey are tanning, and the manufacture of muslin, velvet, silk, carpets and ornamental weapons.
The bazaars of Bagdad are extensive and well stocked, and while not so fine in construction as those of some other Eastern cities, they are more interesting in their contents and industries, because Bagdad has on the whole been less affected by foreign innovations.
There are extensive coal-fields and important iron, metal and machine industries, together with the manufacture of chemicals and corn-milling.
Stock-raising, tobacco-growing, and coal and iron-mining are the industries of the district.
Agriculture, fishing, and a few domestic industries form the only employment of the inhabitants.
The Cambodians show skill in working gold and silver; earthenware, bricks, mats, fans and silk and cotton fabrics, are also produced to some small extent, but fishing and the cultivation of rice and in a minor degree of tobacco, coffee, cotton, pepper, indigo, maize, tea and sugar are the only industries worthy of the name.
The development of manufacturing industries at Hamburg and its immediate vicinity since 1880, though not so rapid as that of its trade and shipping, has been very remarkable, and more especially has this been the case since the year 1888, when Hamburg joined the German customs union, and the barriers which prevented goods manufactured at Hamburg from entering into other parts of Germany were removed.
Among the chief industries are those for the production of articles of food and drink.
Yarns, textile goods and weaving industries generally have not attained any great dimensions, but there are large jute-spinning mills and factories for cotton-wool and cotton driving - belts.
Art industries, particularly those which appeal to the luxurious taste of the inhabitants in fitting their houses, such as wall-papers and furniture, and those which are included in the equipment of ocean-going steamers, have of late years made rapid strides and are among the best productions of this character of any German city.
It is important as the centre of the flourishing cotton-spinning and weaving industries of the Twente district; while by the railway via Gronau and Koesfeld to Dortmund it is in direct communication with the Westphalian coalfields.
The chief industries are the manufacture of machinery (especially machinery for sugarrefineries) and carriages, rice-milling and ship-building.
It is a centre of the iron and steel industries, producing principally cast steel, cast iron, iron pipes, wire and wire ropes, and lamps, with tin and zinc works, coal-mining, factories for carpets, calcium carbide and paper-roofing, brickworks and breweries.
The principal industries are brewing, iron-founding and the manufacture of cloth, boots, leather, cigarettes, matches, pottery, preserved meat and confectionery.
The principal industries include manufactures of linen and sailcloth, bleaching, rope-making, brewing, distilling, paper-making, in addition to nurseries and freestone quarries.
Gold-mining and quartz-mining are its principal industries, and in 1907 Nevada county's output of gold (104,J90.76 oz., worth $2,162,083) was second only to that of Butte county (134,813.39 oz., worth $2,786,840) in California; the county is the leading producer 1 Died the 21st of September, 1890, and Frank Bell became governor by virtue of his office as lieutenant-governor.
The principal industries are the iron and metal manufactures, chiefly centred at Steyr.
Next in importance are the machine, linen, cotton and paper manufactures, the milling, brewing and distilling industries and shipbuilding.
Though Siberia has within itself all the raw produce necessary for prosperous industries, it continues to import from Russia all the manufactured articles it uses.
The industries of Dessau include the production of sugar, which is the chief manufacture, woollen, linen and cotton goods, carpets, hats, leather, tobacco and musical instruments.
The principal industries include tanning, dyeing, tile-making, milling, the production of yeast and there is a large establishment for the manufacture of railway stock.
In Homer Athena already appears as the goddess of counsel, of war, of female arts and industries, and the protectress of Greek cities, this last aspect of her character being the most important and pronounced.
There seems little reason for regarding her as a nature-goddess at all, but rather as the presiding divinity of states and cities, of the arts and industries - in short, as the goddess of the whole intellectual side of human.
Cotton spinning and power-loom weaving are the chief of numerous manufacturing industries, and there are large collieries in the vicinity.
The industries include brewing, flour milling, and the export of agricultural produce, chiefly corn and cider.
Agriculture engages the greater part of the resident population, both male and female; other industries, except the fisheries, are little developed.
It has an Evangelical and a Roman Catholic church, and its industries include cloth, sugar and stocking manufactures, besides breweries and tanneries.
The old capital of the country was at Bishnupur, which is still the chief centre of local industries.
The principal industries are, the metallurgic and textile industries in all their branches, milling, brewing and chemicals; paper, leather and silk; cloth, objets de luxe and millinery; physical and musical instruments; sugar, tobacco factories and foodstuffs.
It is decomposed by heat into oxide, nitrogen peroxide and oxygen; and is used for the manufacture of fusees and other deflagrating compounds, and also for preparing mordants in the dyeing and calico-printing industries.
Chinon has trade in wheat, brandy, red wine and plums. Basket and rope manufacture, tanning and cooperage are among its industries.
The local industries include the manufacture of rubber goods, brewing, quarrying and iron-founding.
See Industries, 1890, 289.
Occupations.-The pre-war growth of industries, especially in Riga and Libau, tended to reduce the percentage of the agricultural population, but agriculture is still the chief occupation, and the redivision of the rural population was the outstanding feature after 1918.
The industries embrace granite quarries, wood-pulp factories, and factories for sugar, tobacco, curtains, travelling-bags, boots, &c. There are railway communications with Gothenburg and all parts of Sweden and regular coastal and steamer services.
The industries include the spinning of jute, flax, hemp and cotton, iron-founding, brewing, and the manufacture of machinery, fishing-nets, sailcloth, sacks, casks, and soap. There are also saw-and flour-mills, petroleum refineries and oil-works.
The introduction of African slaves followed closely upon the development of agricultural industries, and continued nominally until.
The pastoral industries, which date from early colonial times, have suffered many vicissitudes, and their development has failed to keep pace with the country's growth in population.
The extractive or forest industries of Brazil were among the first to engage the attention of Europeans, and have always been considered a principal source of colonial and national wealth.
Of the exports of 1905, 36% were of this class, while those of the pastoral and mining industries combined were not quite 61%.
Manufactures.-Before the establishment of the republic very little attention had been given to manufacturing industries beyond what was necessary to prepare certain crude products for market.
Considerable protection was afforded to many of these industries by the customs tariff of that time, but protection did not become an acknowledged national policy until after 1889.
Although the protective tariffs thus imposed have resulted in a large increase in manufacturing industries, some of them have been antagonistic to the productive interests of the country, as in the case of weaving mills which use imported yarns.
Other industries are carried on entirely with imported materials, and are national only in name.
The states are self-governed, and have exclusive control of the public lands, mines, industries, and all local affairs.
They have the sole right also to impose duties on exports and taxes upon real estate, industries and professions, and transfers of property.
Duddingston (pop. 2023), once a quiet village, has become a centre of the distilling and brewing industries.
Although Edinburgh is a residential rather than a manufacturing or commercial centre, the industries which it has are important and flourishing.
The chief industries are weaving and agriculture.
Leather-working and the manufacture of stained glass are leading industries.
Its main industries are flax-spinning, linen-weaving and manufactures of cloth, shoes and beer.
Subsidiary industries, such as enamelling, are also important.
In addition to the industries connected with the shipping, large numbers of hands are employed in the government railway works, where the locomotives and rolling stock used by the state railways are manufactured.
Clothing, carriages, pottery, glass, paper and furniture are made, and there are numerous minor industries.
Twentieth-Century Impressions of Natal (London, 1906) deals with the peoples, commerce, industries and resources of the colony; the Census of the Colony of Natal, April 1904 (Maritzburg, 1905) contains a large amount of authoritative information; The Natal Almanac is a directory and yearly register published at Maritzburg.
It forms the raw material of some important industries.
Various domestic industries are also carried on.
In 1900 the various industries of Hungary (including CroatiaSlavonia) employed 1,127,730 persons, or 12.8% of the earning population.
Including families and domestic servants, 2,605,000 persons or 13.5% of the total population were dependent on industries for their livelihood in Hungary in 1900.
Of agricultural produce there was barely sufficient for home consumption, but the mining industries had reached a very high level of excellence, and iron, tin and copper were very largely exported from the northern counties to Danzig and other Baltic ports.
The principal industries are the manufacture of chairs and paper, and the preparation.
The mineral wealth of the state is very great, and the mining industries, largely operated with foreign capital, are important.
The industries of the town include ironfounding and the manufacture of machinery, corsets, hosiery, flannel goods, jam and wall-paper, and brewing, cotton spinning and weaving, leather-dressing and dyeing.
Industrially and commercially Lemberg is the most important city in Galicia, its industries including the manufacture of machinery and iron wares, matches, stearin candles and naphtha, arrack and liqueurs, chocolate, chicory, leather and plaster of Paris, as well as brewing, corn-milling and brick and tile making..
It is a busy little place with many industries, notably the manufacture of parchment.
Among the industries of Belfast are trade with the surrounding country, the manufacture of shoes, leather boards, axes, and sashes, doors and blinds, and the building and repairing of boats.
The formerly flourishing textile industries are now of small importance.
Its industries include canneries, tanneries and wooden ware factories.
The industries are very active, especially in iron, machinery, paper, chemicals, shoes, woollen goods, beer, leather and tobacco.
The town is the centre of a rich agricultural district, and there is a large manufacture of agricultural implements; while other industries include rope and leather works and brewing.
The chief industries are the manufacture of bed and table linen, towelling and woollen cloth, shipbuilding and flax-spinning.
The principal industries of Venezuela are agricultural and pastoral.
Other industries of the colonial period were the cultivation of indigo and tobacco.
The forest products, whose collection and preparation form regular industries, are rubber (called Gaucho or goma), tonka beans, vanilla, copaiba, chique-chique, sarsaparilla, divi-divi, dye-woods, cabinet-woods and fibres.
One of the oldest of Venezuelan industries, the Margarita pearl fisheries, was prohibited in 1909 for an indefinite time because of the threatened extinction of the oyster beds.
There are few manufacturing industries in Venezuela, and these usually of the parasitic type, created by official favour and protected by high tariffs on imports in competition.
There has been some development in the manufacture of agricultural machinery and implements, vehicles, pianos and furniture, and some older industries, such as tanning leather and the manufacture of saddles and harness, the milling of wheat and Indian corn, distilling, soap-making, &c. At Guanta there is a factory for the manufacture of patent fuel from Naricual coal and asphalt.
The department of fomento is charged with the supervision of all matters relating to agriculture, stock-raising, mines, industries, commerce, statistics, immigration, public lands, posts, telegraphs and telephones.
The principal industries are agriculture, which is very backward, stock-raising, timber-cutting, fruitfarming and salt-making.
Extensive coal-mines are worked, and among its other industries are flax-spinning and brick-making.
It has several valuable industries, and is the shipping port for the adjacent coal-mines.
In the midst of these multifarious labours Giry found time for extensive archaeological researches, and made a special study of the medieval treatises dealing with the technical processes employed in the arts and industries.
Their population is also largely occupied in local manufacturing establishments; while numerous towns on either bank of the lower Thames share in the industries of the port of London.
Certain industries (not confined to factories) have long been associated with particular localities.
Violent attacks were made upon the Livery Companies, but of late years, largely owing to the public spirit of the companies in devoting large sums of money towards the improvement of the several industries in connexion with which they were founded, and the establishment of the City and Guilds of London Technical Institute, a complete change has taken place as to the public estimation in which they are held.
Its industries too, have largely disappeared, and the paper manufacture has lost ground since 186r.
The chief industry of Lemgo is the manufacture of meerschaum pipes, which has attained here a high pitch of excellence; other industries are weaving, brewing and the manufacture of leather and cigars.
The chief industries of the place are straw-plaiting, boatbuilding, and the manufacture of pottery; and a considerable traffic is carried on by means of the river.
The industries of St Johann-Saarbrucken include wool-spinning, brewing, and the manufacture of leather, tobacco, chemicals and iron wares.
The discovery of coal in the neighbourhood stimulated and altered its industries.
The principal industries are the manufacture of sackings, ropes, bricks, coarse earthenware, terra-cotta, tobacco-pipes and leather.
Worsted spinning and weaving, tanning and leather-dressing, paper-making and the making of printing-machines are the principal industries.
The principal industries are malting, carriage-building, wool-spinning and glass-making.
Rising each morning from his palace in the deep, he had given man the arts and sciences, the industries and manners of civilization.
There C are no important industries, except a few flour-mills, some glass works, iron foundries, a motor car factory, straw hat factories, and power-houses supplying electricity for lighting and for the numerous tramcars.
The principal industries are refineries for preparing whale and seal oil and saw-mills.
The principal industries are the manufacture of paper, leather, chemicals and tobacco, sugar refining, shipbuilding and salmon fishing.
Its hardware industries are important, and embrace iron rolling, the manufacture of fine wire, needles, springs and silver ornaments.
The growing demand for this system of evaporation for application in many other industries, besides that of sugar has brought to the front a large number of inventors.
Since Howard published his invention the vacuum pan has been greatly improved and altered in shape and power, and especially of recent years, and the advantages of concentrating in vacuo having been acknowledged, the system has been adopted in many other industries, and crowds of inventors have turned their attention to the principle.
The industries of Elberfeld are on a scale of great magnitude.
In 1760 the manufacture of silk was introduced, and dyeing with Turkey-red in 1780; but it was not till the end of the century that its industries developed into importance under the influence of Napoleon's continental system, which barred out British competition.
The linen trade introduced in the middle of the 18th century is extinct, and a like fate has overtaken the kelp and straw-plaiting industries.
Its dissolution was due especially to the introduction of new industries, organized on a more modern basis, and to the extension of the domestic system of manufacture.
The industries of the town include brewing and malting, and the manufacture of brushes and oil.
There are very few industries, and population groups itself at Kingussie and other places on or near the Spey.
Natal and Cape Colony have also industries of considerable local importance.
Its chief industries are brewing, caskmaking and the manufacture of cement and colours.
The industries (linen, yarn-spinning, distilling, brewing, salt-refining, shipbuilding) are comparatively unimportant.
Fishing, tanning, flourmilling and brewing are the chief industries.
Other industries include iron and brass foundries, engineering, manufactures of woollens and calicoes, silk-weaving, paper-making, oil and fireclay.
It has a medieval castle, several churches, a synagogue and various industries - iron-foundries, saw-mills, brick-works, and breweries; also an extensive trade in cereals and timber.
The few other industries include rum distilleries and factories for chemicals, ice and tobacco.
The industries include brewing, weaving and the manufacture of cloth, carpets, tobacco, sugar, leather-grease, toys and roofingfelt.
The chief industries are cotton spinning, weaving, bleaching, dyeing, printing, machine building and lithography, and there is an active trade in wine, beer and cheese.
Agriculture and grazing are the principal industries.
The chief industries are the manufacture of tobacco, beer, leather, porcelain, machinery and paper.
At the beginning of the 15th century it went over to Venice; its industries flourished under Venetian government, especially its printingpress and manufacture of majolica, the latter of which still continues.
Industries include the manufacture of cotton fabric, flour and wax candles.
The principal industries are brewing, soap manufacture and tanning.
There are numerous industries, the most important being the manufacture of cottons.
The alfa and cork industries employ large numbers of persons, as do also the sardine, anchovy and tunny fisheries.
Among native industries may be mentioned the spinning and weaving of wool for clothing, carpet-weaving, the manufacture of pottery, slippers and matting, saddle-making and leather embroidery.
The railways, lighthouses, gas and waterworks and other concessions and industries were placed in British hands.
There are two distinct general types - the coast tribes occupying the fertile river valleys, who are employed on the plantations, in domestic service in the cities, or in small industries of their own, no longer numerous; and the sierra tribes, who are agriculturists, miners, stock-breeders and packers, still comparatively numerous.
Practically all the industries and occupations of this extensive region depend upon them for labourers and servants.
The foreign population is chiefly concentrated in Lima and Callao, though mining and other industries have drawn small contingents to other places.
Only in the sierra and montana regions is it possible to maintain a large population and develop the industries upon which their success as a nation depends.
Although her mining industries have been the longest and most widely known, the principal source of Peru's wealth is agriculture.
The manufacturing industries of Peru are confined chiefly to the treatment of agricultural and mineral products - the manufacture of sugar and rum from sugar cane, textiles from cotton and wool, wine and spirits from grapes, cigars and cigarettes from tobacco, chocolate from cacao, kerosene and benzine from crude petroleum, cocaine from coca, and refined metals from their ores.
Many of the manufacturing industries are carried on with difficulty and maintained only by protective duties on competing goods.
The industries include shipbuilding, rope and sail making and iron founding.
The Coffey still is one of the most effective and is employed in the spirit, ammonia, coal-tar and other industries.
The technology of distillation is best studied in relation to the several industries in which it is employed; reference should be made to the articles COAL-TAR, GAS, PETROLEUM, SPIRITS, NITRIC ACID, &c. (C. E.*)
The chief industries are sugar-refining, the manufacture of cement, paper, bamboo and rattan ware, carving in wood and ivory, working in copper and iron, gold-beating and the production of gold, silver and sandal-wood ware, furniture making, umbrella and j;nricksha making, and industries connected with kerosene oil and matches.
Ship and boat building, together with subsidiary industries, such as rope and sail making, appear less subject to periods of depression than other industries.
It is an active modern town, upon the site of the ancient Teate Marrucinorum, with woollen and cotton manufactories and other smaller industries.
The industries of the island are unimportant; there is considerable cod and scallop fishing.
Aquila has some trade in lace and saffron, and possesses other smaller industries.
Henri de Tourville, in his Histoire de la formation particulariste (1903), basing his argument on the Ynglinga Saga, interpreted in the light of " Social Science," reveals Odin, " the traveller," as a great " caravan-leader " and warrior, who, driven f rem Asgard - a trading city on the borders of the steppes east of the Don - by " the blows that Pompey aimed at Mithridates," brought to the north the arts and industries of the East.
The only industries are carpetweaving and the manufacture of cotton and silk stuffs.
The longer Christina ruled, the more anxious for the future fate of her empire grew the men who had helped to build it up. Yet she gave fresh privileges to the towns; she encouraged trade and manufactures, especially the mining industries of the Dales; in 1649 she issued the first school ordinance for the whole kingdom; she encouraged foreign scholars to settle in Sweden; and native science and literature, under her liberal encouragement, flourished as they had never flourished before.
Other industries include brewing and printing.
In 1905 the capital invested in manufacturing industries was $21,184,033, and the total value of the factory products was $22,880,317, an increase of 38.8% since Igloo.
The chief industries are tanning, malting, and rope-making.
The principal industries are flax, sugar, tobacco and machinery, and there is a trade in cattle and horses.
The chief industries include coast and deep-sea fisheries, shipbuilding, tanning, the making of cod-liver oil and fish-curing.
The leading industries are manufactures of linen and cotton goods, especially canvas and tarpaulin, and of soap, paper, chemicals, starch, glass, leather, spirits and flour.
Its industries include tanning and leather-currying, and there is trade in grain.
The principal industries are manufactures of woollen goods, spinning, sewing and washing machines, and tools.
It has a Protestant and a Roman Catholic church, and is the seat of considerable industries; notably wool-combing, weaving, jute-spinning and the manufacture of linoleum.
The industries of the town include bootmaking, brewing and the production of lithographic stones.
Many families of sword artists sprang up at a later period, furnishing treasures for the collector even down to the present day, and their labors reached a level of technical mastery and refined artistic judgment almost without parallel in the art industries of Europe.
An astringent fluid, known as shibu, rich in tannin, is expressed from the green fruit and used in various industries.
Its industries include brewing and distilling and the manufacture of malt, sugar and starch.
The exports of Baden, which coincide largely with the industries just mentioned, are of considerable importance, but the bulk of its trade consists in the transit of goods.
The convenience also with which the energy of waterfalls can be converted into electric energy has led to the introduction of chemical industries into countries and districts where, owing to the absence of coal, they were previously unknown.
Considerable progress has been made in manufacturing industries, and there are a large number of sugar-mills, cotton factories, woollen mills, smelting works and iron and steel works.
There are indigo factories, and other industries include the weaving of tussur silk and the making of coarse glass.
Dijon is well known for its mustard, and for the black currant liqueur called cassis de Dijon; its industries include the manufacture of machinery, automobiles, bicycles, soap, biscuits, brandy, leather, boots and shoes, candles and hosiery.
The neighbourhood was the scene of considerable fighting during the Franco-German War, which was, however, indirectly of some advantage to the city owing to the impetus given to its industries by the immigrants from Alsace.
The industries include fishing, shipbuilding and brewing.
Charleston is in the midst of a region rich in bituminous coal, the shipment of which by river and rail constitutes one of its principal industries.
The chief industries of the place are the making of cigars, malt and machinery; also of albums, portfolios and other articles in leather.
The industries include the spinning and weaving of cotton and wool, printing, dyeing and tanning, while there is a brisk trade in wine.
Trent lives rather on its historical souvenirs than on its industries, which are not very extensive, viticulture, silk-spinning and the preparation of salami (a strongly spiced kind of Italian sausage) being the chief.
The industries include cotton spinning and milling, as well as the manufacture of iron and hardware, and small arms. Sankt Polten was an inhabited place in the Roman period.
The other industries of Johannesburg include brewing, printing and bookbinding, timber sawing, flour milling, iron and brass founding, brick making and the manufacture of tobacco.
The chief industries are brewing and art metal-working, also printing, metal-founding, and the manufacture of cloth, silk, tools and cards for wooldressing.
There are small industries and a fair trade.
Although the state is supposed to have several of the minerals found in this part of Mexico (silver, cinnabar, iron, lead, gold, petroleum and coal), its mining industries continue undeveloped and neglected.