In the Rig-Veda there is one Apsaras, wife of Gandharva; in the later scriptures there are many Apsaras who act as the handmaidens of Indra and dance before his throne.
He is celebrated as a dual divinity with Indra, Agni, Pushan or Rudra, in other books.
They are the companions of Indra, and associated with him in the wielding of thunderbolts, sometimes as his equals, sometimes as his servants.
164.46, " Men call him Indra, Mitra, Varuna, Agni...
Ra, the sun, fought the big serpent Apap, as Indra fought Vrittra.
The plant's true home is heaven, and soma is drunk by gods as well as men, and it is under its influence that Indra is related to have created the universe and fixed the earth and sky in their place.
The first soma is supposed to have been stolen from its guardian demon by an eagle, this soma-bringing eagle of Indra being comparable with the nectar-bringing eagle of Zeus, and with the eagle which, as a metamorphosis of Odin, carried off the mead.
Indra, the rain-god, slew with a thunderbolt AM or Vitra, who kept back the waters (Oldham, 32 sqq.); the thunder-god of the Iroquois killed the subterranean serpent which fed on human flesh (Hartland iii.
In the Rigveda he is represented as the god of prayer, aiding Indra in his conquest of the cloud-demon, and at times appears to be identified with Agni, god of fire.
Indra, their chief, is virtually a kind of superior raja, residing in svarga, and as such is on visiting terms with earthly kings, driving about in mid-air with his charioteer Matali.
The chief foes of Indra are Vrittra and Ahi, serpents which swallow up the waters, precisely as frogs do in Australian and Californian and Andaman myths.
INDRA, in early Hindu mythology, god of the clear sky and greatest of the Vedic deities.
But Indra was more than a great god in the ancient Vedic pantheon.
Indra is the child of Dyaus, the Heaven.
Unlike Indra, Varuna has no myths related of him.
In these inscriptions Mitra, Varuna, Indra and Nasatya are mentioned as deities of the Iranian kings of Mitani at the beginning of the 14th century - all of them names with which we are familiar from the Indian pantheon.
Indra and Naonhaitya.
On entering *The fact that the Mitannians venerated Varuna, Indra, and the Asvins is important as showing that Iranian and Indian Aryans had not yet separated as late as 1400 B.C.
The Aryan folkreligion was polytheistic. Worship was paid to popular divinities, such as the war-god and dragon-slayer Indra, to natural forces and elements such as fire, but the Aryans also believed in the ruling of moral powers and of an eternal law in nature (v.
AGNI, the Hindu God of Fire, second only to Indra in the power and importance attributed to him in Vedic mythology.
As they all bear Aryan names, and in some of their treaties appear Aryan deities (Indra, Varuna, Mithra, &c.), it is clear that Mesopotamia had now a further new element in its population, bearing apparently the name Kharri.
Ser- the golden apples of the Hesperides, and the Egyptian pents' gods Kneph and Osiris, and the Indian Krishna and wealth and Indra.
As might happen to any earth-lord, Indra is actually defeated in battle by the son of the demon-king of Lanka (Ceylon), and kept there a prisoner till ransomed by Brahma and the gods conferring immortality on his conqueror.
In the heroic age the Gandharvas have become the heavenly minstrels plying their art at Indra's court, with the Apsaras as their wives or mistresses.
wish-milker), already appearing in the Atharvaveda, and in epic times assigned to Indra, or identified with Surabhi," the fragrant,"the sacred cow of the sage Vasishtha.
Varuna or Indra was for the time being the only god within the worshipper's view; and to this mode of thought he gave the name Henotheism.'
A great number of godsAsura, Mithras, the Dragon-slayer Verethraghna (the Indra of the Indians), the Water-shoot Apam napat (the lightning), &c.date from this era.
Trita, generally replaced by Indra, Iran.
In his divine aspect Ganesa is ruler over the hosts of heaven, the spirits which come and go to do Indra's will.
After Indra, Agni and Soma, they are the most prominent divinities in the Rig-Veda, and have more than fifty entire hymns addressed to them.
Heitsi Eibib was born in a mysterious way from a cow, as Indra in the Black Yaj;'r-Veda entered; nto and was born from the womb of a being who also bore a cow.
It does not appear they identify Unkulunkulu, as a rule, with " the lord of heaven," who, like Indra, causes the thunder.
The myths of Qat's adventures, however, are very crude, though not so wild as some of the Scandinavian myths about Odin and Loki, while they are less immoral than the adventures of Indra and Zeus.
So far the peculiar mark of the wilder American tribe legends is the bestial character of the divine beings, which is also illustrated in Australia and Africa, while the bestial clothing, feathers or fur, drops but slowly off Indra, Zeus and the Egyptian Ammon, and the Scandinavian Odin.
Though hostile to Asuras, Indra was once entangled in an intrigue with a woman of that race, according to the Atharva-Veda (Muir, S.
Turning to separate gods, Indra first claims attention, for stories of Heaven and Earth are better studied under the heading of myths of the origin of things.
Indra has this zoomorphic feature in common with Heitsi Eibib, the Namaqua god, 10 that his mother, or one of his mothers, was a cow (R.
Indra is also referred to as a ram in the Veda, and in one myth this ram could fly, like the Greek ram of the fleece of gold.
I) Indra is said to " have been guilty of that most hideous crime, the killing of a Brahmana."'2 Once, though uninvited, Indra drank some soma that had been prepared for another being.
The soma disagreed with Indra; part of it which was not drunk up became Vrittra the serpent, Indra's ' Hibbert Lectures, p. 230.
16, 17, for Indra's peculiar achievements with a cow.
Indra cut him in two, and made the moon out of half of his body.
In the fight with Vrittra, Indra lost his energy, which fell to the earth and produced plants and shrubs.
The civilized mind soon wearies of this stuff, and perhaps enough has been said to prove that, in the traditions of Vedic devotees, Indra was not a god without an irrational element in his myth.
Our argument is, that all these legends about Indra, of which only a sample is given, have no necessary connexion with the worship of a pure nature-god as a nature-god would now be constructed by men.
The origin of things is a problem which has everywhere ' Indra was a hawk when, " being well-winged, he carried to men the food tasted by the gods " (R.
He was the third son of Pandu, son of Indra.
In Hindu mythology the Maruts, Indra, Agni and Vishnu wage war with the serpent Ahi to deliver the celestial cows or spouses, the waters held captive in the caverns of the clouds.
Indra estimate this product to be approximately one quarter to one fifth the strength of pure ibogaine.
They live in the house of Indra and with their wives, the Apsaras, beguile the time by singing, acting and dancing.
Various attempts have been made, with little success, to identify fragments of unknown languages in cuneiform inscriptions with members of this group. The investigation has entered a new and more favourable stage as the result of the discoveries made by German excavators at Boghaz Keui (said to be identical with Herodotus' Pteria in Cappadocia), where treaties between the king of the Hittites and the king of Mitanni, in the beginning of the 14th century B.C., seem almost certainly to contain the names of the gods Mitra, Varuna and Indra, which belong to the early Aryan mythology (H.
18, i) remarks, " His mother, a cow, bore Indra, an unlicked calf " - probably a metaphorical way of speaking.
Indra was a great drinker of soma juice; a drinking-song by Indra, much bemused with soma, is in R.
I may be either the driftwood in the stream, or Indra in the sky looking down on it.
While it's true that the majority of yoga gurus and students were male, Indra Devi was a primary exception.
Iyengar, his first female student, Indra Devi, and his star pupil, Sri K.
VARUNA, in early Hindu mythology, the greatest, with Indra, of the gods of the Rig Veda.
As contrasted with Indra the war god, Varuna is the lord of the natural laws, the upholder of the physical and moral order of the universe.
Thus Indra is mainly concerned with thunder and other atmospheric phenomena; but Vayu is the wind, the Maruts are wind-gods, Agni is fire or the god of fire, and so connected with lightning.
Some gods, particularly Indra, are said to have won divine rank by " austere fervour " and asceticism, which is one of the processes that makes gods out of mortals even now in India. ?
Powerful as Indra is in the celestial world, Mitra and Varuna preside over night and day.
On one occasion Indra got at the soma by assuming the shape of a quail.
The word usage examples above have been gathered from various sources to reflect current and historial usage. They do not represent the opinions of YourDictionary.com.