This individualism he and his followers carried to its logical conclusion.
In practice individualism is chiefly concerned to oppose the concentration of commercial and industrial enterprise in the hands of the state and the municipality.
The revolt against individualism had begun, and he was attracted to its standard.
Moreover, in the early days of the Reformation the Catholic Church charged it with a lawless individualism, a charge which was seemingly made good by an extreme divergence in theological opinion and by riots in various parts of the Protestant world.
The two opposing theories express at bottom, in the phraseology of their own time, the radical divergence of pantheism and individualism - the two extremes between which philosophy seems pendulum-wise to oscillate, and which may be said still to await their perfect reconciliation.
In the first volume, Le Regime seigneurial (1886), he depicts the triumph of individualism and anarchy, showing how, after Charlemagne's great but sterile efforts to restore the Roman principle of sovereignty, the great landowners gradually monopolized the various functions in the state; how society modelled on.
The empirical individualism of the work, tending necessarily to limit the province of reason and extend that of faith, together with scattered utterances on special points, which gained for Biel the title of Papista Antipapista, had considerable influence in giving form to the doctrines of Luther and Melanchthon.
But neither in civil nor in religious life was this ideal unity expressed in fixed institutions, the old individualism of the Semitic nomad still held its ground.
This extreme individualism he qualified only in two respects, he admitted a principle of imitation, the influence of bad example, habit and customs, may be inherited and communicated.
The individualism with which he starts, howsoever afterwards mitigated by his doctrine of To Ti v eivac or eiSos constituting the individual in a system of intelligible relations, confined him in an inadmissible way to the subject-attribute formula.
Individualism is, however, by no means identical with egoism, though egoism is always individualistic. An individualist may also be a conscientious altruist: he is by no means hostile to or aloof from society (any more than the socialist is necessarily hostile to the individual), but he is opposed to state interference with individual freedom wherever, in his opinion, it can be avoided.
His philosophy is an attempt to reconcile monism (Hegel) and individualism (Herbart) by means of theism (Leibnitz).
The Manichaean system of dualism, with its severe asceticism, and its individualism, which early passed into antinomianism, was attractive to many minds in the awakening of the 11th century.
The failure of " laissez-faire " individualism in politics to produce that common prosperity and happiness which its advocates hoped for caused men to question the egoistic basis upon which its ethical counterpart was constructed.
(3) The lack of initiative: in a land where the joint family system is everywhere and all powerful, individualism and will-power are at a discount.
For his absolute individualism, which recognizes in the state, the church, the family only so many superficial and incidental provisions of human craft, the means of relief was absorption in the intellectual and purely ideal aims which prepare the way for the cessation of temporal individuality altogether.
Kidd, The Essential Kafir (1904); Savage Childhood (1906), and Kafir Socialism and the Dawn of Individualism (1908); J.
As a distinct movement Pietism had run its course before the middle of the 18th century; by its very individualism it had helped to prepare the way for another great movement, the Illumination (Aufklarung), which was now to lead the world into new paths.
With the evolution of rank, however, and the concentration of magico-religious power in the hands of certain orders, there is less solidarity and more individualism, or at all events more opportunity for sectional interests to be pursued at other than critical times; whereupon fraud and violence are apt to infect religion.
This Volkerpsychologie (folkor comparative psychology) is one of the chief developments of the Herbartian theory of philosophy; it is a protest not only against the so-called scientific standpoint of natural philosophers, but also against the individualism of the positivists.
In Hume's theory of knowledge we have the final expression of what may be called psychological individualism or atomism, while his ethics and doctrine of religion are but the logical consequences of this theory.
The practical distinction in modern society is necessarily one of degree, and both "individualism" and "socialism" are very vaguely used, and generally as terms of reproach by opponents.
Extreme individualism is pure anarchy: on the other hand Thomas Hobbes, a characteristic individualist, vigorously supported absolute government as necessary to the well-being of individuals.
In his earliest pamphlets (1774-1775) he started out with the ordinary pre-Revolutionary Whig doctrines of natural rights and liberty; but the first experience of semi-anarchic states'-rights and individualism ended his fervour for ideas so essentially alien to his practical, logical mind, and they have no place in his later writings.
The loose and barren rule of the Confederation seemed to conservative minds such as Hamilton's to presage, in its strengthening of individualism, a fatal looseness of social restraints, and led him on to a dread of democracy that he never overcame.
Each built his system accordingly: the one on the basis of order, the other on individualism - which led Jefferson to liberty alike in religion and in politics.
He held with the theocratists that individualism was an impracticable view; man, according to him, exists only in and through society.
In time, notwithstanding a certain inherent individualism and impatience of control, veritable despotisms arose in the Semitic world, although such organizations were invariably liable to sudden collapse as the old forms of life broke down with changing conditions.'
This pure individualism, consistently interpreted, involves the denial of all real relation whatsoever; for things are related and classified by means of their general characteristics.
Godwin himself in after days modified his communistic views, but his strong feeling for individualism, his hatred of all restrictions on liberty, his trust in man, his faith in the power of reason remained; it was a manifesto which enunciated principles modifying action, even when not wholly ruling it.
This slight work of a Macedonian freedman, destitute of national significance and representative in its morality only of the spirit of cosmopolitan individualism, owes its vogue to its easy Latinity and popular subject-matter.
Both in theory and practice it here seemed to supply precisely the counteractive to prevailing tendencies towards empiricism and individualism that was required.
His art-criticism is symptomatic of a phase of European taste which tried in vain to check the growing individualism of Romanticism.
It will be observed that, in the Leibnitzian as in the empirical individualism, the fundamental notion is still that of the abstract separation of the thinking subject from the materials of conscious experience.
And, though we may acquit Roscellinus of consciously propounding a theory so subversive of all knowledge, his criticism of the doctrine of the Trinity is proof at least of the determination with which he was prepared to carry out his individualism.
Rhode Island was one of the first communities in the world to advocate religious freedom and political individualism.
The emphasis upon the believer and his freedom from all external authority do not result in a thoroughgoing individualism.
The same result is apparent, on the other hand, when we consider the theory of knowledge implied in the Leibnitzian individualism.
This is the opposite of moral anarchy or rampant individualism.
The individualism of Sartre's thought seems to banish morality from serious consideration.
The ethic of individualism is the ethic of individualism is the ethic of ecological and social disintegration.
ideology of individualism.
Yet it is often criticized as a Western concept celebrating individualism and independence over group obligations and interdependence or dependence.
These options are as diverse as our students and encourage individualism, innovation and creativity.
Ghanaian culture and values promote interdependence and communalism, whereas the free-market model promotes individualism and independence.
increasing individualism leaves parents to cope with the empty nest syndrome.
Devlin rejected this individualism, stating that society must be founded upon shared moral foundations.
rising individualism and greater ethnic and religious diversity exacerbate the effects.
Or at least on the possessive individualism which characterizes the liberal theories of human rights.
According to Hanks and Richardson (1945: 3, 20 ), the kinship and social systems were characterized by " anarchistic individualism.
Conquest of Poverty We can commend Malthus for his sober methodological individualism.
He too was determined to find some way of controlling the forces of selfish individualism.
James Hillman Trapped in our tradition of rugged individualism, we are an extraordinarily lonely people.
individualism issue, again a Biblical concept (Matt 10:30 illustrates God's knowledge and concern for individuals ).
market individualism and the generation of procedural criteria are not sufficient for determining social and educational justice.
As a reaction to laissez-faire individualism, this is understandable.
At this point one begins to see the possible application of the term ' methodological individualism ' .
individualism in the society?
individualism of consumer society.
individualism of the eighteenth century.
The Slavophiles preferred the collectivism of the medieval Russian mir, or village community, to the individualism of the West.
possessive individualism which characterizes the liberal theories of human rights.
rugged individualism, we are an extraordinarily lonely people.
Most behavioral and social sciences assume human sociality is a by-product of individualism.
Just as in logic the inevitable result was the purest nominalism, so in ethics he was driven to individualism, to the denial of social and national relations, to the exclusion of scientific study and of almost all that the Greeks understood by education.
Their conservatism became increasingly a reactionary fear of democracy; indeed, it is not a strained construction of the times to regard the entire Federalist period from the American point of view as reactionary - a reaction against the doctrines of natural rights, individualism, and states' rights, and the financial looseness of the period of the War of Independence and the succeeding years of the Confederation.
In that year he drafted the instructions which were sent by the town of Braintree to its representatives in the Massachusetts legislature, and which served as a model for other towns in drawing up instructions to their representatives; in August 1765 he contributed anonymously four notable articles to the Boston Gazette (republished separately in London in 1768 as A Dissertation on the Canon and Feudal Law), in which he argued that the opposition of the colonies to the Stamp Act was a part of the never-ending struggle between individualism and corporate authority; and in December 1765 he delivered a speech before the governor and council in which he pronounced the Stamp Act invalid on the ground that Massachusetts being without representation in parliament, had not assented to it.
In 1907 they were divided into seven yearly meetings (together with some smaller independent bodies, the result of extreme emphasis laid on individualism), with a membership of about 5000.
Plekhanov and Struve were at that time the chief exponents of Marxism: they adopted the teaching of Karl Marx as regards the necessary sequence of economic stages - feudalism, bourgeois individualism, capitalism, proletarian upheaval.
During most of the next century it inclined to an individualism untempered by a sense of mystic union with God and in Him with all men (see Dale, pp. 387 ff., for an estimate of these and other changes).
INDIVIDUALISM (from Lat.
We must show, for example, that personal responsibility does not mean selfish individualism.
Communism can lead to a loss of personal freedoms and individualism.
Rugged individualism is a philosophy many entrepreneurs embrace, yet it can be counterproductive to startup success.
At one time, discussions of individualism and independence were limited to history and social studies classes, but in the past few decades, people started using the term to explain just about any behavior imaginable.
The gothic look is very much about individualism.
Rather, continuing to dress well helps you maintain your individualism and establish your sense of style.
They believe in individualism and many do not hesitate to reject rules.
The 80s were a time of creativity and individualism.
This added piece of individualism means that you can coordinate the look that helps you feel your beautiful best, with abandon.
Instead, this era ushered in big and bold styles that screamed individualism.
Since designers are always updating their styles to meet a market that pleads for individualism, the types of social dresses available are so numerous it would be impossible to list them all.
In both the novels and the films, Alice favors clothing with poetry, flash and more than a little bit of individualism.
Right hand rings are a stunning statement of a woman's personality and individualism.
People against school uniforms rightfully feel clothing plays a large role in identity and individualism.
While individualism is the largest argued viewpoint in the school uniform debate, rebellion is another factor to consider.
It was not confined to any one departmeiit of life, but included Protection as against Free Trade, State Socialism as against individualism, the defence of religion as against a separation of Church and State, increased stress laid on the monarchical character of the state, continued increase of the army, and colonial expansion.
The word usage examples above have been gathered from various sources to reflect current and historial usage. They do not represent the opinions of YourDictionary.com.