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hypertrophy

hypertrophy

hypertrophy Sentence Examples

  • They often cause a considerable hypertrophy of the tissue.

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  • Similarly with Anemone infested with Puccinia and Vacciniusn with Catyptospora, and many other cases of deformations due to hypertrophy or atrophy.

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  • But even when inside it does not follow that the Fungus can kill the cell, and many cases are known where the Fungus can break throtigh the cells first lines of defence (cell-wall and protoplasmic lining); but the struggle goes on at close quarters, and various degrees of hypertrophy, accumulation of plastic bodies or secretions, discolorations, &c.,, indicate the suffering of the still living cell.

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  • It may be advisable to define exactly what is meant by " hypertrophy," as the term is often used in a loose and insignificant sense.

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  • The swellings have been found to be due to a curious hypertrophy of the tissue of the part, the cells being filled with an immense number of minute bacterium-like organisms of V, X or Y shape.

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  • For this reason it is used to remove corneal opacities, deafness due to thickening of the membrane, stricture of the oesophagus and hypertrophy of the pylorus, it has also been successful in the treatment of adhesive parametritis.

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  • They are due to hypertrophy of young tissues, which may undergo profound alterations subsequently, and occur on all parts of the plants.

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  • Irritation and hypertrophy of cells are common signs of the presence of parasites, as ovinced by the numerous malformations, galls, witches-brooms, &c., on diseased plants.

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  • These are: (I) That the green plant is so stimulated by the symbiotic association which leads to the hypertrophy, that it is able to fix the nitrogen or cause it to enter into combination.

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  • The now well-known fact that small doses of poisonous substances may act as stimuli to living protoplasm, and that respiratory activity and growth may be accelerated by chloroform, ether and even powerful mineral poisons, such as mercuric chloride, in minimal doses, offers some explanation of these phenomena of hypertrophy, wound fever, and other responses to the presence of irritating agents.

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  • Cecidia or galls arise by the hypertrophy of the subepidermal cells of a leaf, cortex, &c., which has been pierced by theovipositor of an insect, and in which the egg is deposited.

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  • Although an integral portion of the gut, it has ceased to assist in alimentation, its epithelium undergoes vacuolar differentiation and hypertrophy, and its lumen becomes more or less vestigial.

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  • Whilst absolutely contra-indicated in all cases of valvular disease, it is of value in cases of cardiac hypertrophy with over-action.

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    1
  • The now well-known fact that small doses of poisonous substances may act as stimuli to living protoplasm, and that respiratory activity and growth may be accelerated by chloroform, ether and even powerful mineral poisons, such as mercuric chloride, in minimal doses, offers some explanation of these phenomena of hypertrophy, wound fever, and other responses to the presence of irritating agents.

    1
    1
  • Mere enlargement of an organ does not imply that it is in a state of hypertrophy, for some of the largest organs met with in morbid anatomy are in a condition of extreme atrophy.

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  • The term hypertrophy is used when the individual tissue elements become bigger to meet the demands of greater functional activity; hyperplasia, if there is an increase in the number of these elements; and pseudo-hypertrophy, when the specific tissue element is largely replaced by another tissue.

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  • True hypertrophy is commonly found in the hollow muscular organs such as the heart, bladder and alimentary canal.

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  • Examples of physiological hypertrophy are found in the ovaries, uterus and mammary glands, where there is an increased functional activity required at the period of gestation.

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  • Local hypertrophy may also be due to stimulation resulting from friction or intermittent pressure, as one may see in the thickenings on the skin of the artisan's hands.

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  • Increased work thrown on to a tissue may produce hypertrophy, but, if this excessive function be kept up, atrophy will follow; even the blacksmith's arm breaks down owing to the hypertrophic muscle fibres becoming markedly atrophied.

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  • The exciting cause of the hypertrophy, in the case of the typical galls, appears to be a minute quantity of some irritating fluid, or virus, secreted by the female insect, and deposited with her egg in the puncture made by her ovipositor in the cortical or foliaceous parts of plants.

    1
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  • Internal causes of extinction are to be found in exaggeration of body size, in the hypertrophy or over-specialization of certain organs, in the irreversibility of evolution, and possibly, although this has not been demonstrated, in a progressive reduction of variability.

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  • In post-mortem examination, the most obvious pathological lesion is hypertrophy of the spleen, which may be very pronounced; the lymphatic glands in the neck, inguinal region, &c., are also often greatly swollen.

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  • A certain consequence of its use is to cause or increase cardiac hypertrophy - a condition which has its own dangers and ultimately disastrous consequences, and must never be provoked beyond the positive needs of the case.

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  • Local hypertrophy may also be due to stimulation resulting from friction or intermittent pressure, as one may see in the thickenings on the skin of the artisan's hands.

    1
    2
  • Increased work thrown on to a tissue may produce hypertrophy, but, if this excessive function be kept up, atrophy will follow; even the blacksmith's arm breaks down owing to the hypertrophic muscle fibres becoming markedly atrophied.

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    2
  • Botrytis, Ergot, &c. Now it is clear that if an organism gains access to all parts of a plant, and stimulates all or most of its cells to hypertrophy, we may have the latter behaving abnormallyi.e.

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  • This, it need hardly be said, has nothing to do with hypertrophy.

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  • II., and gives rise to adaptive hypertrophy.

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  • This is known as compensatory hypertrophy.

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  • benign prostate hypertrophy.

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  • corticosterone concentrations and adrenocortical hypertrophy previously noted in MHS.

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  • This pattern of binding could explain the raised plasma corticosterone concentrations and adrenocortical hypertrophy previously noted in MHS.

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  • fiber hypertrophy may vary between muscle groups, depending on their activity pattern.

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  • hypertrophy of the cardiac muscle.

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  • hypertrophy of the skin, skin folds and swelling of the limbs is often referred to as elephantitis.

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  • hypertrophy of the renal juxtaglomerular cells does not appear to have any relevance.

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  • These were characterized by hepatic hypertrophy and fatty degeneration.

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  • The investigation was prompted by varying opinions on the optimal resistance exercise to induce muscular hypertrophy in the quadriceps of body builders.

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  • Salt and left ventricular hypertrophy: what are the links?

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  • The sort of diseases included myocardial hypertrophy, inflammatory bowel disease, thyroid gland problems and allergy.

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  • Children training with weights have shown minimal hypertrophy in response to this stimulus.

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  • The potential for iron overload to cause hypertrophy is demonstrated in Friedrich's ataxia.

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  • Cocker spaniels may develop glandular hypertrophy and German Shepherd Dogs are reported to have an increased predisposition.

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  • It is used in a higher dose to reduce the size of the prostate gland in men with benign prostatic hypertrophy.

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  • The disorder is variable in degree, with some people having only minimal ventricular hypertrophy.

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  • In recent times the nettle has also been found to be effective in the treatment of benign prostate hypertrophy.

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  • In this research, cDNA expression arrays analysis was applied to isolate the gene fragments related to cardiac hypertrophy.

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  • In fact training with very heavy weights in the 1-5 rep range has been shown to contribute little to muscular hypertrophy.

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  • No association was found for left ventricular hypertrophy or hypertension in nondiabetic subjects.

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  • The stimulus for muscle fiber hypertrophy may vary between muscle groups, depending on their activity pattern.

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  • Miscellaneous Myopia, vaginal bleeding, swelling of the tongue, gum hypertrophy, hirsutism.

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  • These changes include hypertrophy of bronchial smooth muscle, transformation of fibroblasts to myofibroblasts, and deposition of subepithelial collagen.

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  • Reduced serum thyroxine led to an increased release of TSH with resultant follicular cell hypertrophy in the thyroid glands of rats.

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  • ventricular hypertrophy.

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  • They often cause a considerable hypertrophy of the tissue.

    0
    0
  • The swellings have been found to be due to a curious hypertrophy of the tissue of the part, the cells being filled with an immense number of minute bacterium-like organisms of V, X or Y shape.

    0
    0
  • These are: (I) That the green plant is so stimulated by the symbiotic association which leads to the hypertrophy, that it is able to fix the nitrogen or cause it to enter into combination.

    0
    0
  • Similarly with Anemone infested with Puccinia and Vacciniusn with Catyptospora, and many other cases of deformations due to hypertrophy or atrophy.

    0
    0
  • Irritation and hypertrophy of cells are common signs of the presence of parasites, as ovinced by the numerous malformations, galls, witches-brooms, &c., on diseased plants.

    0
    0
  • Botrytis, Ergot, &c. Now it is clear that if an organism gains access to all parts of a plant, and stimulates all or most of its cells to hypertrophy, we may have the latter behaving abnormallyi.e.

    0
    0
  • But even when inside it does not follow that the Fungus can kill the cell, and many cases are known where the Fungus can break throtigh the cells first lines of defence (cell-wall and protoplasmic lining); but the struggle goes on at close quarters, and various degrees of hypertrophy, accumulation of plastic bodies or secretions, discolorations, &c.,, indicate the suffering of the still living cell.

    0
    0
  • They are due to hypertrophy of young tissues, which may undergo profound alterations subsequently, and occur on all parts of the plants.

    0
    0
  • Cecidia or galls arise by the hypertrophy of the subepidermal cells of a leaf, cortex, &c., which has been pierced by theovipositor of an insect, and in which the egg is deposited.

    0
    0
  • Although an integral portion of the gut, it has ceased to assist in alimentation, its epithelium undergoes vacuolar differentiation and hypertrophy, and its lumen becomes more or less vestigial.

    0
    0
  • Whilst absolutely contra-indicated in all cases of valvular disease, it is of value in cases of cardiac hypertrophy with over-action.

    0
    0
  • It may be advisable to define exactly what is meant by " hypertrophy," as the term is often used in a loose and insignificant sense.

    0
    0
  • Mere enlargement of an organ does not imply that it is in a state of hypertrophy, for some of the largest organs met with in morbid anatomy are in a condition of extreme atrophy.

    0
    0
  • This, it need hardly be said, has nothing to do with hypertrophy.

    0
    0
  • The term hypertrophy is used when the individual tissue elements become bigger to meet the demands of greater functional activity; hyperplasia, if there is an increase in the number of these elements; and pseudo-hypertrophy, when the specific tissue element is largely replaced by another tissue.

    0
    0
  • There are conditions in which we have an abnormal increase in the tissue elements but which strictly should not be defined as hypertrophies, such as new-growths, abnormal enlargements of bones and organs due to syphilis, tuberculosis, osteitis deformans, acromegaly, myxoedema, &c. The enormously long teeth sometimes found in rodents also are not due to hypertrophy, as they are normally endowed with rapid growth to compensate for the constant and rapid attrition which takes place from the opposed teeth.

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  • True hypertrophy is commonly found in the hollow muscular organs such as the heart, bladder and alimentary canal.

    0
    0
  • II., and gives rise to adaptive hypertrophy.

    0
    0
  • This is known as compensatory hypertrophy.

    0
    0
  • Examples of physiological hypertrophy are found in the ovaries, uterus and mammary glands, where there is an increased functional activity required at the period of gestation.

    0
    0
  • The exciting cause of the hypertrophy, in the case of the typical galls, appears to be a minute quantity of some irritating fluid, or virus, secreted by the female insect, and deposited with her egg in the puncture made by her ovipositor in the cortical or foliaceous parts of plants.

    0
    0
  • Internal causes of extinction are to be found in exaggeration of body size, in the hypertrophy or over-specialization of certain organs, in the irreversibility of evolution, and possibly, although this has not been demonstrated, in a progressive reduction of variability.

    0
    0
  • In post-mortem examination, the most obvious pathological lesion is hypertrophy of the spleen, which may be very pronounced; the lymphatic glands in the neck, inguinal region, &c., are also often greatly swollen.

    0
    0
  • A certain consequence of its use is to cause or increase cardiac hypertrophy - a condition which has its own dangers and ultimately disastrous consequences, and must never be provoked beyond the positive needs of the case.

    0
    0
  • For this reason it is used to remove corneal opacities, deafness due to thickening of the membrane, stricture of the oesophagus and hypertrophy of the pylorus, it has also been successful in the treatment of adhesive parametritis.

    0
    0
  • These changes include hypertrophy of bronchial smooth muscle, transformation of fibroblasts to myofibroblasts, and deposition of subepithelial collagen.

    0
    0
  • Reduced serum thyroxine led to an increased release of TSH with resultant follicular cell hypertrophy in the thyroid glands of rats.

    0
    0
  • Hypertrophy, or enlargement, of the cells of the adenoids and tonsils can cause them to protrude into and obstruct the airway, which then leads to snoring.

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  • Among the consequences of COA is an enlargement of the left ventricle (ventricular hypertrophy) in response to increased back-pressure of the blood and the demand for more blood by the lower body.

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  • Muscles could be larger than expected (hypertrophy) or smaller due to tissues destruction (atrophy).

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  • An echo is used in pediatric patients diagnosed with hypertension to determine the extent of left ventricular hypertrophy, a condition in which the heart's main pumping vessel is enlarged.

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  • In the second stage, 20-28 weeks gestation, cell division (hyperplasia) declines and the cells increase in size (hypertrophy).

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  • Adenoid hypertrophy does not appear to affect any gender or racial group more than another.

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  • Most tonsil and adenoid hypertrophy is simply caused by the normal growth pattern for that type of tissue.

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  • Less often, the hypertrophy is due to repeated throat infections by cold viruses, strep throat, mononucleosis, and in the past, diphtheria.

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  • Adenoid hypertrophy is a relatively common childhood condition.

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