Hypertonic saline solution-Fluid that contains salt in a concentration higher than that of healthy blood.
Spastic, hypertonic muscles can cause serious orthopedic problems, including curvature of the spine (scoliosis), hip dislocation, or contractures.
Electrolyte levels will be measured along with carbon dioxide and pH and serum osmolality, which may indicate hypertonic dehydration.
This erosion is usually treated conservatively with lubricating drops and hypertonic saline ointment for a month or more, although some patient need a debridement of the cornea or laser treatment.
A muscle that is tensed and contracted is hypertonic, while excessively loose muscles are hypotonic.