Hyperbilirubinemia Sentence Examples
Breastfeeding is an important risk factor for hyperbilirubinemia in healthy infants and is related to inadequate maternal milk supply in the first few days, decreased caloric intake and delayed passage of meconium.
Therefore, infants at risk for severe hyperbilirubinemia should be identified so they can be observed closely both while in the hospital and after discharge.
The mainstay in treatment of hyperbilirubinemia is phototherapy, which is safe and widely available.
Many infants who are readmitted to the hospital because of hyperbilirubinemia are mildly to moderately dehydrated.
Blood tests can also be used to detect hyperbilirubinemia and high levels of liver enzymes and uric acid in the blood.Advertisement
Jaundice, also called icterus or hyperbilirubinemia, is a very common condition in newborns.
One cause of hyperbilirubinemia in seemingly healthy full-term or near-term infants is biliary atresia, an obstruction or inflammation of the bile ducts.
Infants who become lethargic or reluctant to feed should be examined immediately, because symptoms can be signs of severe hyperbilirubinemia that can cause brain damage.
Erythroblastosis fetalis overwhelms the removal system, and high levels of bilirubin accumulate, causing hyperbilirubinemia, a condition in which the baby becomes jaundiced.
If hyperbilirubinemia cannot be controlled, the baby develops kernicterus.Advertisement
In cases in which incompatibility is not identified before birth, the baby suffers recognizable characteristic symptoms such as anemia, hyperbilirubinemia, and hydrops fetalis.
One or more transfusions may be necessary to treat anemia, hyperbilirubinemia, and bleeding.
Hyperbilirubinemia is also treated with phototherapy, a treatment in which the baby is placed under a special light.
Neonatal bilirubin screening often reveals an elevated bilirubin (hyperbilirubinemia).
The bilirubin test will determine if hyperbilirubinemia is present and, along with other diagnostic tests, help determine if the condition is relatively normal (benign) or possibly related to liver function problems or other conditions.Advertisement
From 8 to 9 percent of newborns develop severe hyperbilirubinemia.
Severe hyperbilirubinemia is of great concern to pediatricians because it may lead to bilirubinrelated brain damage (kernicterus).
During the first seven days of the infant's life, TBS results are rated for risk of bilirubin toxicity or bilirubinrelated brain damage within percentile ranges representing degrees of hyperbilirubinemia.