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hydrocephalus

hydrocephalus

hydrocephalus Sentence Examples

  • Where the dropsical condition is more or less general the term " anasarca " is applied to it; if the tissues are infiltrated locally the term " oedema " is employed; and various names are applied, with a local significance, to dropsies of individual parts or cavities, such as " hydrothorax," " hydroperitoneum " or " ascites," " hydrocephalus," and so on.

  • The reports from his doctors speak of him having hydrocephalus.

  • This team is investigating the ' signal molecule ' which produces the scarring around the brain thought to be responsible for causing hydrocephalus.

  • The condition of over- filled ventricles is called hydrocephalus.

  • Oliver was born prematurely and developed hydrocephalus, which is an abnormal amount of cerebrospinal fluid around the brain.

  • Surgery is sometimes needed to relieve the hydrocephalus or to drain an abscess.

  • He is currently studying, part-time, for a PhD at APU, exploring the illness experiences of individuals with normal pressure hydrocephalus.

  • She also suffered from severe spina bifida and congenital hydrocephalus.

  • obstructive hydrocephalus or syringomyelia may also be seen because of direct mechanical blockage of normal CSF flow.

  • However, no cases of chronic hydrocephalus and suprasellar arachnoid cyst presenting with rhinorrhea as the unique clinical manifestation are reported in the literature.

  • Association for Spina Bifida and hydrocephalus Working with those in Sussex who have spina bifida and/or hydrocephalus to create and develop the best opportunities.

  • Where the dropsical condition is more or less general the term " anasarca " is applied to it; if the tissues are infiltrated locally the term " oedema " is employed; and various names are applied, with a local significance, to dropsies of individual parts or cavities, such as " hydrothorax," " hydroperitoneum " or " ascites," " hydrocephalus," and so on.

  • Children with a hemorrhagic stroke may be transferred to a center with neurosurgical facilities so the proper treatment, such as decompression or hydrocephalus drainage, can be provided by skilled specialists.

  • Other complications include the development of a seizure disorder or the abnormal accumulation of fluid within the brain (hydrocephalus).

  • This defect may cause children to develop an accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid on the brain (hydrocephalus).

  • By putting pressure on the brain hydrocephalus can cause learning impairment.

  • Macrocephaly is distinguished from hydrocephalus in that there is no increase in pressure within the head; however, hydrocephalus can result in macrocephaly in some children.

  • The most common causes for an enlarged head are megalencephaly, or an enlarged brain, and hydrocephalus, or excessive cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the brain.

  • In hydrocephalus, excess CSF collects in the large sections of the brain called the ventricles.

  • In children with hydrocephalus, the prognosis can be excellent depending on what type of hydrocephalus they have.

  • These organic causes of headache may include hydrocephalus (abnormal build-up of fluid in the brain), infection of the brain, tumor, or other conditions.

  • Retardation can also be caused by damage to the fetus during pregnancy due to alcohol, drug abuse or toxicity, and disorders of the developing nervous system such as hydrocephalus.

  • In cases of hydrocephalus, for example, it has been noted that children who are otherwise quite impaired intellectually can have impressive conversational language skills.

  • Individuals with a more severe form of MPS VI can have airway obstruction, develop hydrocephalus (accumulation of fluid in the brain), and exhibit bone changes.

  • People who experience seizures, for example, may be given anticonvulsant drugs, and people who develop fluid on the brain (hydrocephalus) may have a shunt inserted to drain the fluid.

  • However, babies who survive the surgery appear to be 33 to 50 percent less likely to have hydrocephalus, a condition that requires surgically implanted tubes or shunts to remove fluid from the ventricles (cavities of the brain).

  • Some severely mentally impaired children who also have hydrocephalus or Williams syndrome may acquire exceptional conversational language skills, sometimes called the "chatterbox syndrome."

  • However, more severe IVH can result in hydrocephalus, a potentially fatal condition in which too much fluid collects in the ventricles, exerting increased pressure on the brain and causing the baby's head to expand abnormally.

  • Other abnormalities that may require consideration of medical or surgical intervention include club foot, facial clefts, spina bifida, and hydrocephalus.

  • Inadequate growth of brain: Microcephaly (abnormal smallness of head), and hydrocephalus (abnormal buildup of cerebrospinal fluid in the head).

  • The cysts may block the exit of the fluid, causing hydrocephalus.

  • Hydranencephaly is distinct from hydrocephalus, in which CSF accumulates within a normally-formed brain, putting pressure on it and possibly causing skull expansion.

  • Dandy-Walker malformation: Symptoms of hydrocephalus, lack of muscle tone or floppiness, seizures, spasticity, deafness, irritability, visual impairment, deterioration of consciousness, paralysis.

  • Malformations associated with hydrocephalus (Dandy-Walker, Chiari II, and some cases of hydranencephaly) may be treated by installation of a drainage shunt for cerebrospinal fluid.

  • Early treatment of hydrocephalus may prevent more severe brain damage.

  • Many children with congenital brain anomalies, such as Chiari I malformation and nearly 50 percent of those affected by hydrocephalus, have normal intellectual functioning, and some have unimpaired physical mobility.

  • Approximately 80-90 percent of children with Chiari malformation Type II also have hydrocephalus, a condition in which one or more of the ventricles becomes enlarged due to an accumulation of CSF.

  • In these children, hydrocephalus is caused by obstruction of the fourth ventricle due to its herniation into the spinal column.

  • If the child has hydrocephalus, these symptoms may worsen and can be fatal unless the hydrocephalus is treated.

  • This procedure is commonly used for diagnosis and follow-up care of hydrocephalus.

  • Because of the associated conditions of spina bifida and hydrocephalus, these children are usually quite ill.

  • Hydrocephalus is an abnormal expansion of cavities, called ventricles, within the brain, which is caused by an abnormally large accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF).

  • Hydrocephalus is the result of an imbalance between the formation and drainage of CSF.

  • There are three different types of hydrocephalus: communicating hydrocephalus, noncommunicating hydrocephalus, and normal pressure hydrocephalus.

  • Communicating hydrocephalus is the most common type and exists when one or more passages connecting the ventricles become blocked.

  • In noncommunicating hydrocephalus, the tissue within the brain responsible for absorption of CSF is damaged.

  • Normal pressure hydrocephalus is marked by ventricle enlargement without an apparent increase in CSF pressure.

  • Hydrocephalus may be either congenital (present at birth) or acquired.

  • An obstruction within the brain is the most frequent cause of congenital hydrocephalus.

  • Hydrocephalus is believed to occur in approximately one to two of every 1,000 live births.

  • Irritability is the most common sign of hydrocephalus in infants.

  • When hydrocephalus occurs in infants, fusion of the skull bones is prevented, which leads to abnormal expansion of the skull.

  • The primary method of treatment for hydrocephalus is surgical installation of a shunt.

  • In some cases of non-communicating hydrocephalus, a direct connection can be made between one of the ventricles and the subarachnoid space, allowing drainage without a shunt.

  • Installation of a shunt requires lifelong monitoring by the recipient or family members for signs of recurring hydrocephalus due to obstruction or failure of the shunt.

  • The prognosis for elevated-pressure hydrocephalus depends on a wide variety of factors, including the cause, age of onset, and the timing of surgery.

  • Those with hydrocephalus at birth do better than those with later onset due to meningitis.

  • For individuals with normal pressure hydrocephalus, approximately half will benefit by the installation of a shunt.

  • There is no known prevention of congenital hydrocephalus.

  • Some cases of elevated pressure hydrocephalus may be avoided by preventing or treating the infectious diseases that precede them.

  • Parents may be concerned about the intellectual development of a child with hydrocephalus.

  • While nearly 50 percent of all children with hydrocephalus have average intelligence, some do not.

  • Nearly all children with hydrocephalus will face some social, developmental and learning challenges.

  • In addition to developmental issues, many children with hydrocephalus require medical care.

  • The most common treatment for hydrocephalus is the surgical installation of a shunt.

  • "Hydrocephalus." Review of Optometry 137, no. 8 (August 15, 2000): 56A.

  • "Hydrocephalus." American Association of Neurological Surgeons/Congress of Neurological Surgeons.

  • "Hydrocephalus." Hyman-Newman Institute of Neurology and Neurosurgery.

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