Several hydrated forms are known, yielding salts known as columbates.
The anhydrous chloride is formed by heating strontium or its monoxide in chlorine, or by heating the hydrated chloride in a current of hydrochloric acid gas.
A hydrated form is prepared when a solution of titanic acid in hydrochloric acid is digested with copper, or when the trichloride is precipitated with alkalis.
A hydrated dioxide, approximating in composition to SrO 2.8H 2 O, is formed as a crystalline precipitate when hydrogen peroxide is added to an aqueous solution of strontium hydroxide.
The amorphous form readily slakes with water, and the aqueous solution yields a crystalline hydrated hydroxide approximating in composition to Sr(OH) 2.8H 2 O or Sr(OH) 2.9H 2 O, which on standing in vacuo loses some of its water of crystallization, leaving the monohydrated hydroxide, Sr(OH) 2 H 2 O.
The hydrated acid crystallizes in prisms which effloresce in air, and are readily soluble in water.
Hydrated sulphates occur at several localities in the province of Madrid and in other provinces of Spain, and at Miihlingen in Aargau, and copious deposits of glauberite, the double sulphate of sodium and calcium, are met with in the salt-mines of Villarrubia in Spain, at Stassfurt, and in the province of Tarapaca, Chile, &c. A native nitrate of soda is obtained in great abundance in the district of Atacama and the province of Tarapaca, and is imported into Europe in enormous quantities as cubic nitre for the preparation of saltpetre.
It is insoluble in acids and exists in several hydrated forms. The osmiates, corresponding to the unknown trioxide 0503, are red or green coloured salts; the solutions are only stable in the presence of excess of caustic alkali; on boiling an aqueous solution of the potassium salt it decomposes readily, forming a black precipitate of osmic acid, H20s04.
A hydrated form of composition OsC1 3.3H 2 0 has been described.
gives off no hydrochloric acid, and no precipitate of hydrated Sn02.
The solution on evaporation deposits a hydrated form, H 2 SiF 6.2H 2 O, which decomposes when heated.
The ordinary hydrated variety forms quadratic crystals and behaves as a strong base.
By concentrating the aqueous solution between 90-130° C., or by passing hydrochloric acid gas into a saturated aqueous solution, a second hydrated form of composition, SrC1 2.2H 2 O, is obtained.
The hydrated salt forms rose-red prisms, readily soluble in water to a red solution, and in alcohol to a blue solution.
The precipitate, after having been collected and washed, is digested with a warm concentrated solution of ammonium carbonate, which dissolves the uranium as a yellow solution of ammonium uranate, while the hydrated oxide of iron, the alumina, &c., remain.
This salt is also formed by dissolving tin in strong hydrochloric acid and allowing it to crystallize, and is industrially prepared by passing sufficiently hydrated hydrochloric acid gas over granulated tin contained in stoneware bottles and evaporating the concentrated solution produced in tin basins over granulated tin.
The hydrated carbonate, bismutite, is of less importance; it occurs in Cornwall, Bolivia, Arizona and elsewhere.
A hydrated oxide, 2PbO H 2 O, is obtained when a solution of the monoxide in potash is treated with carbon dioxide.
Solutions of uranyl salts (nitrate, &c.) behave to reagents as follows: sulphuretted hydrogen produces green uranous salt with precipitation of sulphur; sulphide of ammonium in neutral solutions gives a black precipitate of UO 2 S, which settles slowly and, while being washed in the filter, breaks up partially into hydrated UO 2 an sulphur; ammonia gives a yellow precipitate of uranate of ammonia, characteristically soluble in hot carbonate of ammonia solution; prussiate of potash gives a brown precipitate which in appearance is not unlike the precipitate produced by the same reagent in cupric salts.
A hydrated tin trioxide, Sn03, was obtained by Spring by adding barium dioxide to a solution of stannous chloride and hydrochloric acid; the solution is dialysed, and the colloidal solution is evaporated to form a white mass of 2Sn03 H20.
The term clay is often used by chemists to denote hydrated silicate of alumina (Al 2 O 3 2SiO 2.2H 2 O), of which kaolin or china clay is a fairly pure form.
The pure salt is dissolved in hot water and decomposed with ammonia to produce a slightly ammoniacal hydrated oxide; this, when ignited in platinum, leaves pure TiO 2 in the form of brownish lumps, the specific gravity of which varies from 3.9 to 4.25, according to the temperature at which it was kept in igniting.
A hydrated disulphide, B12S2.2H20, is obtained by passing sulphuretted hydrogen into a solution of bismuth nitrate and stannous chloride.
Werner, four hydrated chromium chlorides exist, namely the green and violet salts, CrC1 3.6H 2 O, a hydrate, CrC1 3.10H 2 O and one CrC1 3.4H 2 0.
Pertantalic acid, HTaO 4, is obtained in the hydrated form as a white precipitate by adding sulphuric acid to potassium pertantalate, K 3 Ta0 5.
It is found in the form of oxide (silica), either anhydrous or hydrated as quartz, flint, sand, chalcedony, tridymite, opal, &c., but occurs chiefly in the form of silicates of aluminium, magnesium, iron, and the alkali and alkaline earth metals, forming the chief constituent of various clays, soils and rocks.
The solution of sodium aluminate, containing aluminium oxide and sodium oxide in the molecular proportion of 6 to 1, is next agitated for thirty-six hours with a small quantity of hydrated alumina previously obtained, which causes the liquor to decompose, and some 70% of the aluminium hydroxide to be thrown down.
Several hydrated forms of aluminium oxide are known.
Stannic Fluoride, SnF 4, is obtained in solution by dissolving hydrated stannic oxide in hydrofluoric acid; it forms a characteristic series of salts, the stannofluorides, M 2 SnF 6, isomorphous with the silico-, titano-, germanoand zirconofluorides.
A solution of zinc chloride is easily produced from the metal and hydrochloric acid; it cannot be evaporated to dryness without considerable decomposition of the hydrated salt into oxychloride and hydrochloric acid, but it may be crystallized as ZnC1 2 H 2 O.
Other hydrated oxides such as Cr 2 0 3.2H 2 0 have also been described.
Iridium tetrachloride, IrC1 41 is obtained by dissolving the finely divided metal in aqua regia; by dissolving the hydroxide in hydrochloric acid; and by digesting the hydrated sesquichloride with nitric acid.
The soluble salts are, when in the hydrated condition, also red, but in the anhydrous condition are blue.
It dissolves easily in water, forming the hydrated chloride, CoC12.6H20, which may also be prepared by dissolving the hydroxide or carbonate in hydrochloric acid.
VIVIANITE, a mineral consisting of hydrated iron phosphate Fe 3 (PO 4) 2 +8H 2 0, crystallizing in the monoclinic system.
PHARMACOSIDERITE, a mineral species consisting of hydrated basic ferric arsenate, 2FeAs04 Fe(OH)3.5H20.
One of Martha's Bird Song chores had been keeping the struggling plant hydrated.
On evaporating this solution the hydrated salt CoI 2.6H 2 0 is obtained in hexagonal prisms. It behaves in an analogous manner to CoBr 2.6H 2 0 on heating.
The anhydrous salt may be prepared by heating a saturated solution of the hydrated salt.
For the manufacture of Epsom salts and for other hydrated magnesium sulphates see Magnesium.
Chromous oxide, CrO, is unknown in the free state, but in the hydrated condition as Cr04H 2 0 or Cr(OH) 2 it may be prepared by precipitating chromous chloride by a solution of potassium hydroxide in air-free water.
Several forms of hydrated chromium sesquioxide are known; thus on precipitation of a chromic salt, free from alkali, by ammonia, a light blue precipitate is formed, which after drying over sulphuric acid, has the composition Cr 2 0 3 -7H 2 0, and this after being heated to zoo° C. in a current of hydrogen leaves a residue of composition CrO.
The hydrated fluoride, CrF3.9H20, obtained by adding ammonium fluoride to cold chromic sulphate solution, is sparingly soluble in water, and is decomposed by heat.
The most important of the halide salts is the chloride which, in the hydrated form, has the formula MgC1 2.6H 2 O.
The hydrated salt loses water on heating, and partially decomposes into hydrochloric acid and magnesium oxychlorides.
The metallic borates are generally obtained in the hydrated condition, and with the exception of those of the alkali metals, are insoluble in water.
HYDRATE, in chemistry, a compound containing the elements of water in combination; more specifically, a compound containing the monovalent hydroxyl or OH group. The first and more general definition includes substances containing water of crystallization; such salts are said to be hydrated, and when deprived of their water to be dehydrated or anhydrous.
It attacks most metals readily, usually with production of a nitrate or hydrated oxide of the metal and one or other of the oxides of nitrogen, or occasionally with the production of ammonium salts; magnesium, however, liberates hydrogen from the very dilute acid.
The hydrated lime, after being passed through a fine screen to sort out any lumps unaffected by the water, is ready for concrete making, and if not required at once should be stored in a dry place.
The chief natural compounds of aluminium are four in number: oxide, hydroxide (hydrated oxide), silicate and fluoride.
Bauxite is a hydrated oxide of aluminium of the ideal composition, Al 2 0 3.2H 2 0.
This behaviour is explained by considering the non-ionized part of the diazonium hydroxide to exist in solution in a hydrated form, the equation of equilibrium being: C6H6.N.
To purify the oxide, it is dissolved in dilute hydrochloric acid until the acid is neatly neutralized, the solution is cooled, filtered, and baryta water is added until a faint permanent white precipitate of hydrated barium peroxide appears; the solution is now filtered, and a concentrated solution of baryta water is added to the filtrate, when a crystalline precipitate of hydrated barium peroxide, Ba0 2 8 H 2 0, is thrown down.
Other authors have sought the origin of the diamond in the action of the hydrated magnesian silicates on hydrocarbons derived from bituminous schists, or in the decomposition of metallic carbides.
By evaporation of a solution of lanthanum oxide in hydrochloric acid to the consistency of a syrup, and allowing the solution to stand, large colourless crystals of a hydrated chloride of the composition 2LaC1 3.15H 2 O are obtained.
This goes on till a density of 1.1315 is attained, when hydrated calcium sulphate begins to deposit, and continues till specific gravity 1.2646 is reached.
amorphous and (generally) hydrated, or with a silicate containing silica in an active condition, it will unite with the silica and form a silicate of lime capable of resisting the action of water.
The simplest of all pozzuolanic cements would be a mixture of pure lime and hydrated silica, but though the latter is prepared artificially for various purposes, it is too expensive to be used as a cement material.
Celite is little affected by water, and has but small influence on the setting; alite is decomposed and hydrated, this action constituting the main part of the setting of Portland cement.
Hydrated monoCalcium calcium silicate.
Hydrated tricalcium aluminate.
In a few minutes the surplus hydrated calcium sulphate is deposited from the solution, and the water is capable again of dissolving 2CaS04 H 2 O, which in turn is fully hydrated and deposited as CaS04.2H20.
The process goes on until a relatively small quantity of water has by instalments dissolved and hydrated the 2CaSO 4 H 2 O, and has deposited CaSO 4.2H 2 O in felted crystals forming a solid mass well cemented together.
The hydrated form, found native as the mineral manganite, is produced by the spontaneous oxidation of manganous h y droxide.
In the hydrated condition it is a dark brown powder which readily loses water at above too° C., it dissolves in hot nitric acid, giving manganous nitrate and manganese dioxide: 2MnO(OH) + 2HNO 3 = Mn(NO 3) 2 + MnO 2 + 2H 2 0.
It is almost impossible to prepare a pure hydrated manganese dioxide owing to the readiness with which it loses oxygen, leaving residues of the type xMnO yMn0 2.
The hydrated chloride, MnCl2.4H2O, is obtained in rose-red crystals by dissolving the metal or its carbonate in aqueous hydrochloric acid and concentrating the solution.
Manganous Carbonate, MnCO 3, found native as manganese spar, may be prepared as an amorphous powder by heating manganese chloride with sodium carbonate in a sealed tube to 150° C., or in the hydrated form as a white flocculent precipitate by adding sodium carbonate to a manganous salt.
Manganese may be estimated quantitatively by precipitation as carbonate, this salt being then converted into the oxide, Mn 3 0 4 by ignition; or by precipitation as hydrated dioxide by means of ammonia and bromine water, followed by ignition to NIn 3 0 4.
By suspending the precipitated cerous hydroxide in water and passing chlorine through the solution, a hydrated form of the dioxide, 2CeO 2.3H 2 O, is obtained, which is readily soluble in nitric and sulphuric acids, forming ceric salts, and in hydrochloric acid, where it forms cerous chloride, with liberation of chlorine.
A higher hydrated oxide, CeO 3 xH 2 O, is formed by the interaction of cerous sulphate with sodium acetate and hydrogen peroxide (Lecoq de Boisbaudran, Comptes rendus, 1885, loo, p. 605).
A hydrated chloride of composition 2CeC1 3.15H 2 O is also known, and is obtained when a solution of cerous oxide in hydrochloric acid is evaporated over sulphuric acid.
Many hydrated forms of the sulphate are known, as are also double salts of the sulphate with potassium, sodium, ammonium, thallium and cadmium sulphates.
Bleaching-powder is a compound obtained by the action of free chlorine on hydrated lime, containing a slight excess of water at ordinary temperatures or slightly above these.
In recent years it has been found in considerable quantities in New Caledonia in the form of a hydrated silicate of nickel and magnesia approximating to the constitution (NiO, MgO) SiO 2 .
A hydrated form, Ni 3 0 4 ..2H 2 O, is obtained when the monoxide is fused with sodium peroxide at a red heat and the fused mass extracted with water.
In the anhydrous state they are usually of a yellow colour, whilst in the hydrated condition they are green.
Nickel chloride, NiC1 2, is obtained in the anhydrous condition by heating the hydrated salt to 140° C., or by gently heating the finely divided metal in a current of chlorine.
Three hydrated forms are known, viz.
Two hydrated forms have been described, one containing three molecules of water and the other half a molecule.
Evaporation of the aqueous solution at 15° C. deposits a crystalline hydrated hydroxide of composition RbOH 2H 2 O (R.
A crystalline form was obtained by Debray as olive-green prisms by igniting a mixture of sodium tungstate and carbonate in a current of hydrochloric acid gas, and by Nordenskjold by heating hydrated tungstic acid with borax.
Roscoe, pure perchlo: is acid distils over at first, but if the distillation be continued a white crystalline mass of hydrated perchloric acid, HC104 H20, passes over; this is due to the decomposition of some of the acid into water and lower oxides of chlorine, the water produced then combining with the pure acid to produce the hydrated form.
of the hydrated oxides Cu30 2 2H 2 O and Cu 4035H 2 O, described by M.
A hydrated cuprous oxide, (4Cu 2 O, H 2 0), is obtained as a bright yellow powder, when cuprous chloride is treated with potash or soda.
Several hydrated oxides, e.g.
The salts derived from cupric oxide are generally white when anhydrous, but blue or green when hydrated.
The hydrated form, (CuF 21 2H 2 O, 5HF),is obtained as blue crystals, sparingly soluble in cold water; when heated to 100° C. it gives the compound CuF(OH), which, when heated with ammonium fluoride in a current of carbon dioxide, gives anhydrous copper fluoride as a white powder.
Cupric chloride, CuC1 2, is obtained by burning copper in an excess of chlorine, or by heating the hydrated chloride, obtained by dissolving the metal or cupric oxide in an excess of hydrochloric acid.
It is a brown deliquescent powder, which rapidly forms the green hydrated salt CuC1 21 2H 2 0 on exposure.
Several basic salts are known, some of which occur as minerals; of these, we may mention brochantite, CuS04, 3Cu (OH 2), langite, CuSO 4, 3Cu(OH) 2, H 2 O, lyellite (or devilline), warringtonite; woodwardite and enysite are hydrated copperaluminium sulphates, connellite is a basic copper chlorosulphate, and spangolite is a basic copper aluminium chlorosulphate.
Of these we may notice libethenite, Cu 2 (OH)PO 4; chalcosiderite, a basic copper iron phosphate; torbernite, a copper uranyl phosphate; andrewsite, a hydrated copper iron phosphate; and henwoodite, a hydrated copper aluminium phosphate.
Normal cupric carbonate, CuCO 3, has not been definitely obtained, basic hydrated forms being formed when an alkaline carbonate is added to a cupric salt.
A saturated solution of the hydroxide deposits on cooling a hydrated form Ba(OH) 2.8H 2 0, as colourless quadratic prisms, which on exposure to air lose seven molecules of water of crystallization.
Barium dioxide, Ba02, can be prepared as shown above, or in the hydrated condition by the addition of excess of barytawater to hydrogen peroxide solution, when it is precipitated in the crystalline condition as Ba0 2.8H 2 O.
On precipitating antimony trichloride or tartar emetic in acid solution with sulphuretted hydrogen, an orange-red precipitate of the hydrated sulphide is obtained, which turns black on being heated to 200° C The trisulphide heated in a current of hydrogen is reduced to the metallic state; it burns in air forming the tetroxide, and is soluble in concentrated hydrochloric acid, in solutions of the caustic alkalis, and in alkaline sulphides.
Upon removing the material from the vessel and exposing it to the atmosphere the sulphide of iron undergoes a revivifying process, the oxygen of the air displacing the sulphur from the sulphide as free sulphur, and with moisture converting the iron into hydrated oxide of iron.
It oxidizes on exposure with considerable evolution of heat; it rapidly absorbs carbon dioxide; and readily dissolves in acids to form ferrous salts, which are usually white when anhydrous, but greenish when hydrated.
Ferric oxide or iron sesquioxide, Fe203, constitutes the valuable ores red haematite and specular iron; the minerals brown haematite or limonite, and gothite and also iron rust are hydrated forms. It is obtained as a steel-grey crystalline powder by igniting the oxide or any ferric salt containing a volatile acid.
Red ferric hydroxide dissolves in acids to form a well-defined series of salts, the ferric salts, also obtained by oxidizing ferrous salts; they are usually colourless when anhydrous, but yellow or brown when hydrated.
Ferri hydroxidum (U.S.P.), the hydrated oxide of iron, made by precipitating ferric sulphate with ammonia, is used solely as an antidote in arsenical poisoning.
In a hydrated form it is obtained by the reduction of vanadyl monochloride, Voci, with sodium amalgam, being precipitated from the liquid by the addition of ammonia (Locke and Edwards, Zeit.
The addition of ammonia to this solution precipitates a brown hydrated oxide.
Ammonium metavanadate is obtained when the hydrated vanadium pentoxide is dissolved in excess of ammonia and the solution concentrated.
Sodium chromate, Na 2 CrO 4.10H20, forms pale yellow crystals isomorphous with hydrated sodium sulphate, Na2S04.10H20.
Some clays, however, such as fireclays, contain very little potash or soda, while they are rich in alumina; and it is a fair inference that hydrated aluminous silicates, such as kaolin, are well represented in these rocks.
The third sample contained a major hydrated component that could be isolated in pure form by high-performance liquid chromatography.
Your skin is velvet, hydrated, left with a natural refined elegance.
entropy ions are strongly hydrated, with small or negative entropies of hydration, creating local order and higher local density.
This is oxidized in air with a catalyst to form ethylene oxide, which is then hydrated to produce ethylene glycol.
It sets out how to prevent heatstroke with practical ways of staying cool and hydrated.
Water is important to help keep the skin hydrated.
All of us should aim to drink at least 2 liters of fluid a day to keep our bodies fully hydrated.
Treatment Keep the patient well hydrated, ie give plenty to drink.
Children need to be adequately hydrated during all school lessons in order to maximize their learning potential.
The greatest effect is due to the most strongly hydrated anions.
A useful guide to checking whether you are properly hydrated is to look at the color of your urine.
How much water do we need to drink to be fully hydrated?
The patient should be well hydrated prior to the study.
LATEST NEWS Keeping hydrated in the heat In the current hot weather itÃ¢s more important than ever to keep hydrated in the heat In the current hot weather itÃ¢s more important than ever to keep hydrated.
Group may be used for this job, and the first step is to prepare a PDB file for the hydrated ion.
General tips for summer fun: § keep kids hydrated with lots of water or no added sugar fruit juice.
I am on the trail of Hydrated lime too.
minimized if the patient is well hydrated.
This valuable combination of marine plants rich in minerals & enzymes will leave the skin deeply nourished & hydrated.
Other ingredients might include set retardants such as hydrated lime, and fiber reinforcements such as straw and ox hair.
scrubber process, hydrated lime is injected directly in the CFB reactor.
For example a major class of IDPs and all of the carbon rich chondrites contain hydrated silicates.
Copperas is hydrated ferrous sulfate, also known as green vitriol.
water bottle Holder - Keep hydrated during your workout by using the convenient water bottle holder.
weakly hydrated ions binding best, i.e.
Other hydrated forms of the chloride, of composition CoCl 2.2H 2 O and CoCl 2.4H 2 O have been described (P. Sabatier, Bull.
The hydrated salt readily loses water on heating, forming at 100Ã‚° C. the hydrate CoBr 2.2H 2 O, and at 130Ã‚° C. passing into the anhydrous form.
It may be prepared in the amorphous form by heating cobalt with sulphur dioxide, in a sealed tube, at 200Ã‚° C. In the hydrated condition it is formed by the action of alkaline sulphides on cobaltous salts, or by precipitating cobalt acetate with sulphuretted hydrogen (in the absence of free acetic acid).
Hydrated sulphates of composition CoS04.6H20, CoSO 4.4H 2 O and CoS04 H 2 0 are also, known.
By heating the metal with chlorine, germanic chloride, GeCl4, is obtained as a colourless fuming liquid boiling at 86-87Ã‚° C., it is decomposed by water forming a hydrated germanium dioxide.
It is soluble in water, giving an orangered solution which becomes green on standing, and gradually deposits the hydrated pentoxide, Ru 2 O 5 H 2 O (H.
Stannous Oxide, SnO, is obtained in the hydrated form Sn20(OH)2 from a solution of stannous chloride by addition of sodium carbonate; it forms a white precipitate, which can be washed with air-free water and dried at 80Ã‚° C. without much change by oxidation; if it be heated in carbon dioxide the black SnO remains.
Haemosiderin, an iron-containing pigment (probably an hydrated ferrous oxide), is found in more or less loose combination with protein substances in an amorphous form as brownish or black granules.
By concentrating the aqueous solution between 90-130Ã‚° C., or by passing hydrochloric acid gas into a saturated aqueous solution, a second hydrated form of composition, SrC1 2.2H 2 O, is obtained.
Calcium sulphate, CaSO 4, constitutes the minerals anhydrite (q.v.), and, in the hydrated form, selenite, gypsum (q.v.), alabaster (q.v.), and also the adhesive plaster of Paris (see Cement).
Sodium sulphate, Na2S04, known in the hydrated condition (with ioH 2 O) as Glauber's salt, is manufactured in large quantities for conversion into the carbonate or soda (see Alkali Manufacture).
Several forms of hydrated chromium sesquioxide are known; thus on precipitation of a chromic salt, free from alkali, by ammonia, a light blue precipitate is formed, which after drying over sulphuric acid, has the composition Cr 2 0 3 -7H 2 0, and this after being heated to zooÃ‚° C. in a current of hydrogen leaves a residue of composition CrO.
In the hydrated condition it is a dark brown powder which readily loses water at above tooÃ‚° C., it dissolves in hot nitric acid, giving manganous nitrate and manganese dioxide: 2MnO(OH) + 2HNO 3 = Mn(NO 3) 2 + MnO 2 + 2H 2 0.
Manganous Carbonate, MnCO 3, found native as manganese spar, may be prepared as an amorphous powder by heating manganese chloride with sodium carbonate in a sealed tube to 150Ã‚° C., or in the hydrated form as a white flocculent precipitate by adding sodium carbonate to a manganous salt.
Ceric fluoride, CeF 4 H 2 O, is obtained when the hydrated dioxide is dissolved in hydrofluoric acid and the solution evaporated on the water bath (B.
Numerous hydrated forms of the oxide have been de- scribed (see W.
Nickel chloride, NiC1 2, is obtained in the anhydrous condition by heating the hydrated salt to 140Ã‚° C., or by gently heating the finely divided metal in a current of chlorine.
Evaporation of the aqueous solution at 15Ã‚° C. deposits a crystalline hydrated hydroxide of composition RbOH 2H 2 O (R.
The hydrated form, (CuF 21 2H 2 O, 5HF),is obtained as blue crystals, sparingly soluble in cold water; when heated to 100Ã‚° C. it gives the compound CuF(OH), which, when heated with ammonium fluoride in a current of carbon dioxide, gives anhydrous copper fluoride as a white powder.
On precipitating antimony trichloride or tartar emetic in acid solution with sulphuretted hydrogen, an orange-red precipitate of the hydrated sulphide is obtained, which turns black on being heated to 200Ã‚° C The trisulphide heated in a current of hydrogen is reduced to the metallic state; it burns in air forming the tetroxide, and is soluble in concentrated hydrochloric acid, in solutions of the caustic alkalis, and in alkaline sulphides.
In the circulating fluid bed (CFB) dry scrubber process, hydrated lime is injected directly in the CFB reactor.
That way I keep hydrated and do n't get tempted to indulge in cans of coke.
A snapshot of a hydrated vermiculite clay, in which the clay layer spacing is 4nm.
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The relative effect of the ions is the reverse of the Hofmeister series just given with weakly hydrated ions binding best, i.e.
You will also want to monitor your baby's diapers to ensure that your child is hydrated and eliminating effectively.
It’s also important to stay hydrated and because the mall is so expansive, comfortable walking shoes are a must.
Once your pet is located, take them to the vet to make sure they're healthy and hydrated.
You should also be sure you drink plenty of water to stay hydrated and to help thin mucus.
Dry skin doesn't hold onto the color as well as moisturized skin does, so for best spray tan results, always make sure your body's well hydrated from the inside and out.
Dry skin types require rich, comforting ingredients that infuse the skin with moisture and keep it hydrated.
Skin should be washed, dried and hydrated with a daytime moisturizer, preferably one containing an SPF.
Before you get started dappling in color, make sure the surface of your skin is properly hydrated and covered to create the same look as Rhianna's flawless complexion.
Rhianna has gorgeous skin, so to emulate Rhianna's makeup, it's most important that your skin is clean, hydrated and supple.
Once skin has been properly hydrated, it's time to even out the skin tone and provide flawless coverage.
Drink water: It's important to keep your body hydrated.
You want your skin to be well hydrated before applying foundation.
The popular remover lifts off heavy makeup without smudges or scratches and leaves skin feeling hydrated and smooth.
Hydration: Keep skin hydrated by drinking lots of fresh water every day.
While lip gloss application needs no directive, it is important to start with a well hydrated lip to avoid chapped or rough patches.
Fresh watermelon or oranges are also a good source of fluids to help your body stay properly hydrated.
Stay hydrated, take warm clothing, wear your helmet and have fun!
Stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water, juice or a sports drinks.
Make sure you are well rested, well hydrated, and relaxed for the day of your session.
TVP can be hydrated before adding it to the recipe or reconstituted while cooking.
Stay well hydrated before and during your celebration by drinking plenty of water.
The manufacturers claim that these satin pillowcases reduce hair breakage and leave both skin and hair hydrated and feeling supple since there's no abrasion or skin moisture loss caused by other pillowcase fabrics.
While on the river cruise, staying properly hydrated is essential, as is eating nutritious meals - the perfect opportunity to sample authentic Costa Rican cuisine and learn even more about this intriguing nation.
Mix about 1/3 part of compost, 1/3 part organic soil, and 1/3 part hydrated coir.
Stay warm, alert, and hydrated until help arrives.
Finally, keep yourself hydrated and stop if you feel any discomfort.
Stay hydrated - Be sure to drink plenty of fluids throughout the day to avoid nighttime dehydration.
By cutting back (or cutting these things out of your day completely) and making sure you stay hydrated with plenty of water, fruits, and vegetables, you can make your lenses more comfortable.
For this reason, it's very important to stay hydrated.
Stay hydrated by visiting the water fountains located around the park.
Even though the park may not be large, sunscreen is still recommended, particularly for the water park, and guests need to be sure to remain hydrated.
Because the summer heat in Texas can be extreme, guests should stay hydrated and cool as much as possible and avoid riding the roller coasters if they feel dizzy, weak, or otherwise ill.
Be prepared for summer humidity and heat by wearing plenty of sunscreen, staying hydrated, and pacing strenuous activities.
Riders should stay hydrated while waiting for their chance to ride, and be patient and polite both with other guests as well as park employees.
Keep hydrated; being dehydrated leaves the body unable to produce body heat.
It's important to stay hydrated throughout your trip, and you can't be certain that potable water will be available every where you go.
Because of difficulty swallowing, the most important challenge is to keep the patient fed and hydrated.
It is important for the child to stay hydrated and nourished during a bout of gastroenteritis.
Fruits and vegetables can contain up to 95 percent water, so a well-balanced diet is a good way to stay hydrated.
Symptoms can be relieved with bed rest and by keeping well hydrated.
Apply a leave-in conditioner to the hair every one to two weeks to keep the hair hydrated.
If you have dry or damaged hair, apply a natural oil, such as Argan oil to damp hair after washing, to keep hair smooth and hydrated and keep layers from looking wayward and damaged.
As long as you keep your curls well hydrated, their shape and luster are sure to become one of your better assets.
Care for curly hair with caution and make sure you keep your locks as hydrated as possible for sexy spring up and shine, regardless of the season or style.
Drink water: While water has no direct relation to grey hair, keeping your body properly hydrated helps maintain the function of your vital organs and skin tissue.
TIGI Catwalk Oatmeal and Honey Shampoo and Conditioner: To help keep your locks runway worthy, keep them moist and hydrated with a cleanser and conditioner packed with natural comforts.
Your doctor will let you know whether or not you are keeping properly hydrated at each of your follow up visits.
To keep yourself hydrated and prevent pregnancy-related constipation, you will want to aim to drink six to eight glasses of water each day.
Keeping your skin hydrated is also important, so always bring a bottle of water with you to the pool, the beach, or wherever else those summer days may lead.
It also can help to fade brown spots and increase the skin's moisture barrier so skin cells appear plumper and more hydrated.
Vitamin E is an antioxidant that also keeps skin hydrated, which can encourage healthy hair growth.
Lotion helps to keep your skin properly hydrated, which can reduce the appearance of wrinkles and other minor imperfections.
During time abroad, stay hydrated and reduce your caffeine and alcohol intake.
It's imperative that practitioners drink at least 16 oz. of water before a Bikram yoga session, stay hydrated throughout the routine with the same amount, and consume another 16 oz. or more afterward.
Stay hydrated: When your body fluids are adequately maintained, every cell in your body will operate at its optimal speed.
Drink plenty of water before, during, and after the workout to keep the body properly hydrated.
It is also important to stay hydrated and drink enough water during a workout; dehydrated muscles will build up toxins that can lead to pain and injury.
Additionally, the consumption of water throughout your day helps fill you up, keeps you hydrated and makes you forget about food unless you really are hungry.
Your body functions best when properly hydrated, and water fills you up nicely especially when combined with fiber-rich foods.
Fluid intake - Keeping your body hydrated is essential for metabolic processes.
Aquafull - These water-insert packets are a great way to get hydrated and keep full between meals.
Staying hydrated helps the body remove excess ketones in the blood.
Make sure you are drinking water throughout the day to stay hydrated.
It's important to stay hydrated especially when you are working out and reducing calories.
More than anything, ensuring that you are adequately hydrated can help stave off hunger.
Drink plenty of water while working out to stay hydrated and alert.
Many serious joggers like to carry belts with a series of small water bottles to stay hydrated in the summer.
Researchers also note that muscle cells grow faster when they're well hydrated.
Stay hydrated: Keep your energy levels up and your body processing your food intake by drinking adequate amounts of water.
Stay hydrated:Your body needs water in order to survive.
Drinking water will help you stay hydrated and thus avoid bloating.
You might also want to keep a bottle of water nearby to stay hydrated during your exercise routine.
Stay hydrated during exercise by drinking plenty of water as you work out.
Have plenty of water and cool drinks available to keep guests hydrated.
Use fresh flowers with short stems, and make sure there are plastic water tubes on each stem to keep the flowers hydrated.
However, using a light, non-greasy moisturizer formulated for your skin type will keep your skin hydrated while preventing future breakouts.
It is designed to leave skin feeling clean and hydrated.
Rich Moisture is a daily lotion designed to keep normal to dry skin hydrated.
Until the sunburn has healed, stay out of the sun and drink plenty of water to stay hydrated, since dehydration is frequently a by-product of a sunburn.
Your skin should be free from acne-causing oil, but should still be hydrated.
Staying moisturized, hydrated, and exfoliated will allow you to stave off the flakes and redness that sometimes accompany the colder months.
You should also start using an oil-free moisturizer to keep skin hydrated without aggravating or clogging your pores.
JV: "Hylaronic Acid, a substance found in our own skin to keep it hydrated, is now found in many newer skin care products.
You can keep your baby hydrated with a variety of fluids and protect their skin from distressing sunburns by applying a specially formulated sunscreen.
Dehydration. As we age, many of us forget to stay hydrated.
Stay hydrated, wear a sun hat and limit your exposure to smoke and other free radicals.
Eat plenty of nutrient-dense vegetables, and drink enough water to stay hydrated throughout the day.
Not only does it help shield the skin from harmful ultraviolet rays, it keeps the skin continually hydrated and helps eliminate the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
Chances are you already know how beneficial water is to your body, but not everyone is aware that an amply hydrated body can impart a dewy, soft and flawless complexion.
A properly hydrated body can help prevent fine lines, wrinkles, and dry skin, so drink up and reap the reward!
Moisturize: Be sure to moisturize your skin thoroughly before an after indoor tanning session to keep your skin hydrated, which will in turn prevent peeling and blotchy skin.
Drink plenty of water to keep your body hydrated and to help your skin to absorb your moisturizer.
It helps the skin to retain about 25 percent more moisture, which in turn keeps it well hydrated.
There is no specific treatment plan for roseola; most doctors focus on keeping the temperature down and keeping the child hydrated.
Cadmium sulphate, CdSO 4, is known in several hydrated forms; being deposited, on spontaneous evaporation of a concentrated aqueous solution, in the form of large monosymmetric crystals of composition 3CdSO 4.8H 2 O, whilst a boiling saturated solution, to which concentrated sulphuric acid has been added, deposits crystals of composition CdSO 4 4H 2 0.
Several hydrated forms of the oxide are known, and a colloidal variety may be obtained by the dialysis of a strong hydrochloric acid solution of sodium molybdate.
By heating the metal with chlorine, germanic chloride, GeCl4, is obtained as a colourless fuming liquid boiling at 86-87° C., it is decomposed by water forming a hydrated germanium dioxide.
Gay-Lussac in 181q, is usually obtained in the form of its barium salt by suspending freshly precipitated hydrated manganese dioxide in water and passing sulphur dioxide into the mixture until all is dissolved; the barium salt is then precipitated by the careful addition of barium hydroxide.
Soc., 1902, 81, p. I) showed that this can be almost entirely avoided by replacing the manganese oxide by hydrated ferric oxide, the reaction proceeding according to the equation: 2Fe(OH) 3 3S0 2 = FeS 2 0 6 FeS0 3 3H 2 0.
Being less hydrated than malachite it is itself liable to alteration into this mineral, and pseudomorphs of malachite after azurite are not uncommon.
When substances readily combine with water to form hydrates, the heat of solution in water is usually positive; when, on the other hand, they do not readily form hydrates, or when they are already hydrated, the heat of solution is usually negative.
Its property of absorbing large proportions of water, up to 80%, and yet present the appearance of a hard solid body, makes the material a basis for the hydrated soaps, smooth and marbled, in which water, sulphate of soda, and other alkaline solutions, soluble silicates, fuller's earth, starch, &c. play an important and bulky part.
An oxide of composition Ru 4 0 9 is obtained as a black hydrated powder when the peroxide is heated with water for some time.
It is insoluble in water, but gradually decomposes, forming a hydrated oxide, Ru 2 0 5 H 2 O.
Stannous Oxide, SnO, is obtained in the hydrated form Sn20(OH)2 from a solution of stannous chloride by addition of sodium carbonate; it forms a white precipitate, which can be washed with air-free water and dried at 80° C. without much change by oxidation; if it be heated in carbon dioxide the black SnO remains.
Periodic Acid, H10 4.2H 2 0, is only known in the hydrated form.
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