The southern chain bears the names of Karaadzirga and Burkhan-ola, and terminates in about 99 0; but the northern range, the principal names of which are Artsi-bogdo and Saikhat, extends probably most of the way to the great northward bend of the Hwang-ho or Yellow River round the desert of Ordos.
The chief Asiatic rivers are the Amur, the Hwang-ho and the Yangtsze-kiang: none of which enters the open Pacific directly.
The name Shen-si, "west of the pass," refers to the Tungkwan pass, near the confluence of the Wei and the Hwang-ho.
To the north of the mountains lie the basins of the Wei-ho and of several other tributaries to the Hwang-ho.
Crossing the Hwang-ho, they advanced into the terrible sandy tract known as the Ordos Desert.
Xvi.) that the sediment brought down by the three northern rivers of China, viz., the Yangtsze, the Hwang-ho and the Peiho, is 24,000 million cub.
Western Kan-suh is mountainous, and largely a wilderness of sand and snow, but east of the Hwang-ho the country is cultivated.
Its coast is studded with low islands and sandbanks, the results of the deposits brought down by the Hwang-ho.
He visited the sources of the Hwang-ho (Yellow river) and the Salween, and then returned to Russia.
The level of this depression (once a vast inland sea) between the mountains which enclose the sources of the Hwang-ho and the Sarikol range probably never exceeds 2000 ft.