Hormones Sentence Examples

hormones
  • Hormones make me forget everything.

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  • Not unless you've been taking hormones.

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  • It was uncanny—must be something in the hormones.

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  • Maybe it was relief from the stress of worrying about that moment – or hormones.

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  • Hormones and emotions kicked in at the same time, and Evelyn's laughter turned to weeping.

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  • Maybe it was his rejection, or maybe hormones.

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  • It is known that several, perhaps very many, if not all glands have also the power of secreting substances to which Starling has given the name of "hormones."

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  • She would take hormones toward the last so that she would produce milk.

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  • Brady's hormones surged at her proposition.

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  • She had no idea how to be a single mother in the real world, let alone in a world as unforgiving as the Immortal one.  She'd proven she couldn't raise Toby without a bottle of vodka permanently glued to her hand.  Rhyn had been exiled for his mixed origins, and she'd never been especially welcomed by anyone but Gabe and Toby.  If something happened to Rhyn or if she couldn't leave here … Panicking made her already surging hormones worse.  She felt nauseous.

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  • It was uncanny—must be something in the hormones.

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  • Maybe it was relief from the stress of worrying about that moment – or hormones.

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  • The groups of pituitary adenomas which fail to produce one or more hormones are called non-functioning pituitary adenomas.

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  • The outer part of the adrenal gland is the adrenal cortex which makes three main hormones called steroids.

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  • Physiological arousal declines but remains higher than normal and the body replenishes the hormones released by the adrenal glands.

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  • It is also the starting material from which steroid hormones are made by the adrenal gland.

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  • For example, we aim to dispel concerns over ' gender bender hormones ' in drinking water through articles in men's health magazines.

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  • The body is effectively being prepared for either fight or flight and hormones called catecholamines are produced in vast quantities.

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  • The neural and behavioral characteristics that are influenced by hormones appear to include all those that show sex differences.

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  • This fragment of the complete ACTH molecule does not stimulate the adrenal cortex to produce hormones.

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  • Most preventer inhalers contain corticosteroids, which are similar to natural hormones produced in the body.

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  • Increased tearfulness crying serves a very useful purpose stress hormones are released through tears.

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  • Both develop in cells that produce thyroid hormones, but papillary cancer tends to grow slowly and is usually curable.

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  • Doctors to regulate the menstrual cycle can manipulate these hormones.

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  • Saw Palmetto inhibits enzymes at cell level reducing the action of hormones.

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  • Pregnancy also triggers the release of hormones, which enhance laxity in ligaments, which can contribute to foot strain.

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  • Although depressed people may seem lethargic, samples of their blood show a raised level of stress hormones such as cortisol and noradrenaline.

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  • Effect on the hormone system The endocrine system produces chemical messengers or hormones which have an effect on almost every organ in the body.

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  • We can always hope for a future in which the understanding of hormones has increased to such an extent that good behavior becomes natural.

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  • The fungus receives sugar and plant hormones from the plant, and the plant is supplied with water and dissolved nutrients from the fungus.

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  • Another remote risk to life is from unusually severe reactions to hyperstimulation of the ovaries by the hormones used to induce multiple ovulation.

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  • The paraventricular nuclei produce mostly oxytocin and the supraoptic mostly vasopressin although both hormones may also be produced by the other type of nuclei.

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  • There are 6 major hormones produced by the anterior pituitary, which can be grouped according to structure.

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  • The tumor may prevent the normal pituitary from being able to secrete the hormones that control menstruation and fertility.

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  • It contains a rich mixture of amino acid - trace element- enzymes and natural plant hormones.

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  • Also, your cervix releases some hormones locally, called prostaglandins.

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  • The corticosteroid hormones which are often used to treat the kidney disease may also retard growth.

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  • Prostate cancer growth is driven by male sex hormones known as androgens.

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  • These processes were thought to be controlled by the sex hormones - estrogen in women and testosterone in men.

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  • This suggests that the female sex hormones alter the collagen proteins.

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  • The a subunit is common to all three hormones and the b subunit confers specificity of binding.

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  • The change that pregnancy brings to the balance of the hormones also leads to a general relaxation of the gullet sphincter.

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  • It is involved in the formation of certain hormones and nerve regulating substances, and is particularly supportive of the adrenal glands.

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  • As a part of these discoveries has arisen another but kindred doctrine that of hormones (Starling), juices prepared, not for excretion, not even for partial excretion, but for the fulfilment of physiological equilibrium.

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  • Hormones are released into the bloodstream and then travel to distant responsive cells where they exhibit characteristic effects.

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  • These hormones are produced by reticular epithelial cells in the cortex.

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  • When the bitch becomes pregnant the hormones that she releases stimulates the roundworm larvae, which can be lying dormant in the tissues.

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  • The sex hormones are chemicals, which bring about gradual changes in the body.

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  • These plant hormones similar to the female sex hormone estrogen are found most commonly in soy beans and other high-fibre foods.

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  • Postmenopausal women Due to lack of female sex hormones in postmenopausal women, a range of changes take place in the whole body.

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  • Squalene is a naturally occurring molecule absorbed from food, and synthesized as a precursor for cholesterol, myelin, and steroid hormones.

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  • These hormones have effects on the ovaries, uterus, and on the testes in man.

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  • The hormones also cause the womb lining to thicken gradually.

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  • Thymic hormones are involved in the maturation of T lymphocytes.

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  • Women with endometriosis are often treated with hormones and medicines that lower their levels of estrogen.

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  • In fact, the influx of hormones from mom's body and from their own can wreak havoc on a newborn's skin.

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  • These hormones affect baby's sensitive skin, causing breakouts.

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  • Remember, hormones can wreak havoc on your emotions!

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  • Hormones are to blame for the majority of those baby blues feelings.

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  • Certain foods may contain higher levels of hormones that are similar to estrogen, such as yams, which may influence ovulation and conception.

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  • The biotechnology company, Serono, developed urinary follicle stimulating hormones to increase the volume and quality of eggs.

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  • Hormones are regulated by a chemical commonly referred to as Cortisol.

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  • As cats age, their bodies naturally begin to produce less hormones.

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  • When levels are low enough, the body tries to boost production of the hormones, but then production of Cortisol is lowered as the body redirects its energy.

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  • Just like humans, cats have hormones too.

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  • This is a normal reaction to the increased level of pregnancy hormones circulating through her bloodstream, and it is usually just a temporary response.

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  • For example, cardiomyopathy is very often present in cases of undiagnosed feline hyperthyroidism in which the excess thyroid hormones cause the heart to work overtime, thus wreaking havoc on its function over a period of time.

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  • These herbs work to calm nerves, strengthen the female system and balance hormones.

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  • Because hormones cause excess oil production, acne is most prevalent in women and teens, according to the American Academy of Dermatologists (AAD).

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  • And while there's little a person can do to control hormones, simple skin care techniques can help minimize outbreaks and lessen the damage acne causes.

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  • This vegetable is high in phytochemicals that not only help reduce blood pressure but also lower stress hormones, which tend to constrict the arteries.

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  • This message signals hormones that set off a fight or flight response.

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  • Exercising releases endorphins, which are hormones that give you a natural high helping you feel better about a situation and about yourself.

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  • According to a study at Atlanta's Morehouse School of Medicine, researcher Tesfaye Belay, Ph.D determined that stress can make you physically sick by increasing stress hormones in the body which promote bacteria growth.

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  • Stress hormones can affect every system within your body, causing a wide variety of physical ailments such as headache, depression, or ulcers just to name a few.

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  • Research traces serious fatal illnesses such as heart disease and cancer to the long-term damaging affects of stress hormones.

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  • Your body releases stress hormones that cause your heart to work harder, your blood pressure to elevate, your breathing rate to increase and your anxiety level to rise.

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  • While this is a good thing when one needs to react, as in a "fight or flight" response, an overload of stress hormones can wreak havoc on your health.

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  • Stress hormones actually shut down the digestive processes, causing a disruption in that system that can lead to variety of digestive discomforts.

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  • As the massage therapist kneads the skin and the underlying muscles and soft tissue, the movements simulate the central nervous system to release certain hormones.

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  • These hormones are often referred to as feel good hormones and include serotonin and dopamine.

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  • Getting your heart pumping releases endorphins, which are "feel good" hormones that may greatly reduce your stress.

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  • It also decreases the amount of stress hormones your body produces.

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  • When you exercise, the body releases a cocktail of feel-good hormones, like serotonin, that have a soothing and "happy" after effect.

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  • To protect itself, the body uses hormones and chemicals to increase energy, heighten awareness, and improve strength.

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  • Exercise helps to regulate our homeostasis equilibrium by ensuring that our hormones are functioning properly.

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  • Stress, no matter how large or small, activates your flight or fights response and in doing so, floods your body with a cocktail of different hormones.

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  • Once these hormones have burned themselves out, your level of homeostasis improves, and you feel calm, and ready to tackle the world once again.

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  • Exercise reduces stress level because it regulates the very hormones that control stress.

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  • Instead of having these hormones course through your body unchecked, exercise will burn them off.

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  • Get your mind off things and release the good feeling hormones, endorphins.

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  • Not only that, elevating your heart rate releases hormones that naturally make you feel less stressed.

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  • It causes your body to release hormones for the "flight or fight" reflex.

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  • Sapolsky, these are a class of steroidal hormones, called glucocorticoids.

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  • These hormones remain in your brain, and continue to impact its functioning, far longer than adrenalin.

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  • Some people live such tension-filled lives that the stress hormones rarely abate, which takes a tremendous toll on their brains.

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  • When a threat is found, the body releases hormones to prepare the body for the "fight or flight" response.

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  • In normal situations, the body has a chance to recover after the initial reaction and release of stress hormones.

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  • Hormones are special chemicals made by the body that cause changes.

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  • It is called the master gland or control gland because the hormones it produces control the endocrine glands.

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  • When hormones start taking over and classmates begin to notice each other in ways they previously had not, many boys are opening themselves up to both great experiences and a good share of heartache as well.

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  • The onset of puberty begins when the brain begins to release two types of hormones that will affect various parts of the body.

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  • One type of these hormones, the lutenizing hormone or "LH" for short, causes body growth.

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  • In girls, the increase in LH and FSH hormones in the bloodstream stimulates the ovaries and adrenal glands to produce even more hormones that affect development and maturity.

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  • These two hormones will eventually regulate menstrual cycles.

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  • Hormones sometime produce mood swings that can vary in intensity.

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  • On a biological level, the illness is caused by imbalances in brain chemicals and hormones.

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  • This is because puberty causes your body to produce different hormones that transition your body into adulthood along with the ability to build muscle mass.

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  • Your brain is releasing a hormone that travels to the pituitary gland where more hormones release.

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  • Those hormones tell the ovaries to release yet another hormone called estrogen, and then your body fully enters puberty.

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  • Changes in your hormones can lead to increased sweating and body odor.

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  • Your brain is also adjusting to the new hormones and that is probably creating many emotions you might be having a hard time handling.

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  • Teenagers start breaking away from their parents, getting ready to move on to young adulthood, and hormones play a big part in how they think and behave.

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  • Puberty and hormones have an influence on teen body weight as well.

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  • Hormones are raging, and tempers can easily flare.

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  • According to Mass General Hospital for Children, there are certain hormones which are responsible for the onset of puberty.

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  • Boys begin to produce testosterone when these hormones travel to the testes, in a process that creates sperm.

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  • The adrenal glands, which are small glands that sit on top of the kidneys, are responsible for releasing adrenal androgens, hormones which are important for hair growth in both boys and girls.

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  • The increase in hormones causes more oil production, particularly on the face, resulting in acne.

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  • Additionally, any meat that is non-organic is very likely to be treated with hormones, which can promote a host of health problems.

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  • Moreover, hormones and antibiotic residues in dairy-based probiotic foods are just as much a problem for your body as other processed foods.

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  • It increases the stress hormones in your blood stream, causing you to temporarily feel more alert.

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  • Experts believe this can be attributed to differences in sex hormones and thyroid gland function.

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  • The cause is usually from fluctuating hormones and the demands of being a new parent.

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  • Heat cycles are driven by the reproductive hormones, so there are a number of things that can affect when or how often a bitch will come into season.

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  • These glands produce hormones that keep the body's organs functioning properly.

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  • All three Fromm pet food lines are considered holistic because they contain natural human-grade ingredients with no fillers, hormones or artificial additives.

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  • Red meat used in Bravo dog food contains no hormones, and the animals used are all grass-fed.

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  • Most commercial beef products are made from cows fed growth hormones.

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  • These growth hormones increase the lean muscle mass of livestock, but their inclusion in meat products may pose serious health threats to the consumer.

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  • Although the Federal Drug Administration has allowed these hormones to be used in the meat industry, it is interesting to note that several countries have outlawed the import of meats that come from cows treated with growth hormones.

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  • A diet of organic raw food for cats will not only eliminate the hormones and chemicals that are commonly found in commercially raised meat animals, it will also protect your pet from consuming animals that die because of disease.

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  • Additionally, they emphasize sustainable farming practices, avoiding the use of dangerous chemicals and growth hormones.

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  • Most stores now have sections of the store dedicated to organic foods -- including snacks -- which are delicious and free from herbicides and added growth hormones.

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  • These meats do not contain hormones and the animals are grain fed.

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  • Certain hormones can even leach into the animal's milk, so this can become an important point when purchasing dairy.

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  • The organic standard means that the cows have been raised and farmed in a natural way, free from artificial hormones, pesticides or other harsh chemicals.

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  • Organic milk is produced following set standards and this includes ensuring that the cows are fed only natural, chemical free food and that they are not given growth hormones or other chemical products.

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  • All poultry used in the production of Timberwolf pet food are organic; free of pesticides, steroids and hormones.

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  • Dairy cows are given hormones so that they will produce more milk than nature intended.

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  • The Organic Center also excludes the use of hormones for livestock.

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  • You may also see the label, "No hormones added."

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  • No hormones - Many people are concerned with the number of hormones in traditionally produce beef.

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  • Today, with the use of growth hormones, force feeding of grain, drugs, and supplements, beef is usually butchered at about 14 months of age.

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  • Organic pet food manufacturers will also exclude by-products, growth hormones, and preservatives to appeal to consumers concerned about the quality of their pet's food.

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  • The public perception may look at foods labeled "free range" or "no growth hormones used" and liken them to organic foods.

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  • The use of "no growth hormones used" on poultry or pork products takes advantage of consumers' distrust about genetically-modified foods.

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  • However, no hormones are approved for use in these industries.

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  • In essence, all poultry and pork products are produced with no growth hormones.

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  • Those in favor of organic foods point to the nutritional benefits of consuming foods grown or produced without added chemicals and hormones.

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  • Choosing foods produced with less chemicals and hormones could have positive health consequences and may also prevent dangerous runoff in the environment which affects both plant and animal life.

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  • Once estrogen hormones settle down and levels stabilize, the sweats and flushes tend to subside.

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  • This symptom, while startling, may be caused by fluctuating hormones affecting the nerve tissue.

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  • This is also referred to as a loss of libido and is thought to be the result of lowered levels of the hormones estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone.

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  • Another correlation between a lack of sleep, and in particular sleep apnea, and weight gain has to do with the body's ability to produce hormones.

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  • Hormones regulate every movement and change in the body.

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  • These hormones regulate the body's need to gain and lose weight and also regulate the appetite.

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  • If a person who is suffering from a sleep disorder like sleep apnea notices weight gain, it could be the result of fluctuations with these hormones.

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  • Quality sleep may lead to improved management of the hormones that control hunger.

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  • In the brain's hypothalamus, a special supra chiasmatic nucleus (SCN) responds by sending messages to the other parts of the body to get you moving, including hormones.

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  • It sends just the right hormones into the body to stimulate you, including cortisol.

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  • It also regulates when your body makes hormones to help you sleep, including melatonin.

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  • Synthetic products or natural hormones not administered under a doctor's care can cause a number of side effects.

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  • In healthy people, the sleep cycle is controlled by various brain functions, including hormones and neurotransmitters.

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  • Addison's disease is a condition that interferes with the adrenal gland's ability to produce certain hormones.

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  • Hypothyroidism - When the thyroid fails to produce certain hormones, and when the hormones are out of balance, they can cause muscle cramps.

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  • Other women have difficulty sleeping before or during their menstrual cycle, as hormones affect the body.

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  • Human milk is rich in proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, hormones, enzymes, growth factors, and many types of protective agents.

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  • In tumors that are dependent on hormones, one option is to remove organs that secrete the hormones.

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  • Hormone therapy is standard treatment for cancers that are hormone-dependent and grow faster in the presence of specific hormones, such as cancer of the prostate, breast, and uterus.

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  • Hormone therapy blocks the production or action of these hormones, slowing growth of the tumor and extending survival for months or years.

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  • Decongestant drugs are chemically similar to epinephrine and norepinethrine, which are hormones that cause excitation in the body.

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  • These hormones cause constriction of blood vessels.

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  • Because these drugs have actions similar to the natural hormones, they have been used for purposes other than the treatment of nasal congestion.

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  • About one-third of all infants develop acne usually after the third week of life in response to their mothers' hormones before birth.

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  • This was followed by the development of two natural hormones, follicle-stimulating hormone and chorionic gonadotrophin (Pergonal) to produce multiple eggs ovulation.

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  • These symptoms may be related to hormones and emotional disorders.

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  • Because PMS is restricted to the second half of a woman's menstrual cycle, after ovulation, it is thought that hormones play a role.

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  • The main role of these hormones is to cause thickening of the lining of the uterus (endometrium).

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  • This treatment, as well as removal of the ovaries, is used to prevent ovulation and the changes in hormones that accompany ovulation.

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  • Pituitary gland-The most important of the endocrine glands (glands that release hormones directly into the bloodstream), the pituitary is located at the base of the brain.

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  • While boys and men with CF form normal sperm and have normal levels of sex hormones, sperm are unable to leave the testes, and fertilization is not possible.

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  • Growth hormone tests measure the levels of specific hormones that regulate human growth.

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  • Human growth hormones play an important role in normal human growth and development.

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  • In addition, blood glucose and amino acid availability for growth is also regulated by the hormones adrenaline, glucagon, and insulin.

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  • Because of its critical role in producing hGH and other hormones, a dysfunctional pituitary gland will often lead to altered growth.

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  • Dwarfism (very small stature) can be due to underproduction of hGH, lack of IGH-I, or a flaw in target tissue response to either of these growth hormones.

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  • Overproduction of hGH or IGH-I, or an exaggerated response to these hormones, can lead to gigantism or acromegaly, both of which are characterized by a very large stature.

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  • It is used by the body to make melanin and several hormones, including epinephrine and thyroxin.

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  • The hypothalamus also secretes hormones that regulate the pituitary gland.

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  • The pituitary gland in turn produces hormones that stimulate the ovaries to secrete two hormones known as estradiol and progesterone.

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  • These ovarian hormones encourage the growth of the endometrium, which is the tissue that lines the uterus.

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  • The hypothalamus and pituitary may fail to produce enough hormone to stimulate the ovaries to produce their hormones.

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  • Based on the initial test results, the doctor may want to perform additional tests to determine the level of other hormones that play a role in reproduction.

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  • These drugs are related to the body's normal stimulant hormones epinephrine and norepinephrine.

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  • The word pituitary refers to the pituitary gland, which regulates the production of certain chemicals called hormones.

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  • The pituitary gland, also called the hypophysis, is a gland at the base of the brain that produces many different hormones.

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  • The hypothalamus releases hormones that regulate the production of other hormones.

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  • Thus, dwarfism can result if there is a deficiency in any of these hormones, if there is a failure in the receptor cells receiving the hormonal stimuli, or if the target cells are unable to respond.

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  • When none of the hormones of the anterior pituitary are adequately produced, this is called panhypopituitarism.

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  • A pediatric endocrinologist, a doctor specializing in the hormones of children, administers this type of therapy before a child's bone growth plates have fused or joined.

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  • If growth hormone is not the only hormone deficiency, the doctor must prescribe ways to raise the levels of the other deficient hormones, if these options are available.

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  • A careful balancing of all of the hormones produced by the pituitary gland is necessary for patients with panhypopituitarism, making this form of dwarfism complex and difficult to manage.

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  • A panhypopituitarism dwarf does not pass through the initial onset of adult sexual development (puberty) and never produces enough gonadotropic (sex) hormones to develop adult sexual function.

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  • Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)-Also called adrenocorticotropin or corticotropin, this hormone is produced by the pituitary gland to stimulate the adrenal cortex to release various corticosteroid hormones.

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  • Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)-A hormone produce by the pituitary gland that stimulates the thyroid gland to produce the hormones that regulate metabolism.

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  • If the hormones reach the tissues correctly, the external genitals that looked female change into the scrotum and penis.

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  • This may occur if the mother takes the hormone progesterone to prevent a miscarriage, but more often it is caused by an overproduction of certain hormones.

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  • Any abnormality in chromosomes or sex hormones, or in the unborn baby's response to the hormones, can lead to an intersex state in a newborn.

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  • Blood tests can check the levels of sex hormones in the baby's blood, and chromosome analysis (called karyotyping) can determine sex.

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  • The use of thymic transplants and hormones has not led to improvement.

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  • For adolescents, the hormones of puberty seem to trigger acid reflux.

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  • The body needs cholesterol to produce bile acids that help digest fats ingested in food, make hormones, protect cell walls, and participate in other processes that help maintain health.

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  • Insulin requirements vary tremendously during pregnancy due to placenta hormones that may inhibit the action of insulin.

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  • Endocrine-Refers to glands that secrete hormones circulated in the bloodstream or lymphatic system.

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  • Other proposed causes for canker sores are trauma from toothbrush and toothpick scrapes (trauma), hormones, and food allergies.

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  • Corticosteroids-A group of hormones produced naturally by the adrenal gland or manufactured synthetically.

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  • The pills have high levels of regular birth control hormones and are effective in preventing pregnancies following unprotected sex 75 to 94 percent of the time.

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  • Gingivitis can be aggravated by hormones and may temporarily worsen during puberty and pregnancy.

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  • There is also debate on whether the determination is shaped by hormones, particularly testosterone and estrogen, or by genes assigned at conception.

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  • Some research suggests that impulse control disorders are linked to certain hormones, abnormal nerve impulses, and variations in brain chemistry and function.

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  • Although exaggerated during adolescence, particularly in girls (due the influence of female hormones), even preadolescents may experience excessive hair loss on a daily basis.

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  • Development can be normalized with the regular administration of synthetic hormones.

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  • In addition to retarding growth, it can cause mental retardation if thyroid hormones are not administered in the first months of an infant's life.

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  • Pituitary dwarfism can be diagnosed with blood tests for growth hormones or MRI of the head.

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  • Each month, women experience fluctuations in hormones that make up the normal menstrual cycle.

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  • These hormones are believed to be responsible for the cyclical changes such as the swelling, pain, and tenderness that many women experience in their breasts just before menstruation.

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  • Cytochrome P450 is involved in the metabolism of chemicals, vitamins, fatty acids, and hormones; it is very important in transforming toxic substances into easily excretable materials.

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  • Trigger substances can include hormones (for example oral contraceptives, menstruation, pregnancy), drugs, and dietary factors.

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  • In some cases, myopathies can be caused by a malfunctioning endocrine gland that produces either too much or too little of the chemical messengers called hormones.

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  • Hormones travel through the bloodstream.

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  • Problems in producing hormones can lead to muscle weakness.

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  • The physical changes of puberty are triggered by hormones, chemical substances in the body that act on specific organs and tissues.

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  • Adrenal glands-A pair of endocrine glands (glands that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream) that are located on top of the kidneys.

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  • The outer tissue of the glands (cortex) produces several steroid hormones, while the inner tissue (medulla) produces the hormones epinephrine (adrenaline) and norepinephrine.

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  • Steroid hormones-slow the growth of some cancers that depend on hormones.

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  • It decreases the production of stress hormones.

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  • The pituitary gland is then stimulated to produce hormones that affect growth and reproduction.

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  • Oligomenorrhea in PCOS is thought to be caused by inappropriate levels of both female and male hormones.

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  • Male hormones are produced in small quantities by all women, but in women with PCOS, levels of male hormone (androgens) are slightly higher than in other women.

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  • Other women, including those with PCOS, are treated with hormones.

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  • Prescribed hormones depend on which particular hormones are deficient or out of balance.

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  • Many women, including those with PCOS, are successfully treated with hormones for oligomenorrhea.

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  • For women who do not respond to hormones or who continue to have an underlying condition that causes oligomenorrhea, the outlook is less positive.

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  • Ovary-One of the two almond-shaped glands in the female reproductive system responsible for producing eggs and the sex hormones estrogen and progesterone.

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  • While the early onset of puberty may seem fairly benign, in fact it can cause problems when hormones trigger changes in the growth pattern, essentially halting growth before the child has reached normal adult height.

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  • Precocious Puberty Causes and Symptoms Puberty begins when the brain secretes a hormone that triggers the pituitary gland to release gonadotropins, which in turn stimulate the ovaries or testes to produce sex hormones.

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  • These sex hormones (especially estrogen in girls and testosterone in boys) are what causes the onset of sexual maturity.

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  • The condition may result from a benign tumor in the part of the brain that releases hormones.

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  • Blood tests can highlight higher-than-normal levels of hormones.

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  • Certain body chemicals known as hormones rise and fall during the month, causing the menstrual cycle to occur.

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  • In turn, the pituitary releases its own hormones called gonadotrophins that stimulate the gonads and adrenals.

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  • It is interesting to note that the gonadotrophins are the same for males and females, but the sex hormones they induce are different.

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  • Functioning tumors may cause overproduction of sex hormones.

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  • By contrast, a normal pituitary overproduces if it senses there are not enough hormones in the circulation.

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  • Children with these syndromes do not experience normal puberty, but it may be induced by giving them hormones at the proper time.

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  • Notice that virilizing requires abnormal hormones in the female, while feminizing results from absent hormones in the male.

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  • Male hormones transform it if they are present.

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  • Delayed or early puberty requires measurement of the several hormones involved to determine which are lacking or which are in excess.

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  • If delayed, puberty can be stimulated with the correct hormones.

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  • Properly administered hormones can restore the normal growth pattern.

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  • Hormones produced by the maturing body bring about physical changes that require greater attention when it comes to hygiene.

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  • Adrenal gland-A small gland located above the kidney (one on each side) that secretes various hormones.

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  • Maternal serum analyte screening-A medical procedure in which a pregnant woman's blood is drawn and analyzed for the levels of certain hormones and proteins.

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  • The pituitary is a small gland located at the base of the brain, which releases certain hormones that are important to the functioning of other organs or body systems.

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  • The pituitary hormones travel throughout the body and are involved in a large number of activities, including the regulation of growth and reproductive functions.

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  • This input from the hypothalamus regulates the pituitary's release of hormones.

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  • Input from the hypothalamus should also direct the pituitary to stop releasing hormones.

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  • As the adenoma grows, it may disrupt other pituitary tissue, interfering with the release of other hormones.

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  • These tumors can secrete hormones or cause changes in hormone production in nearby glands.

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  • Gland-A collection of cells whose function is to release certain chemicals (hormones) that are important to the functioning of other, sometimes distantly located, organs or body systems.

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  • The thyroid stores iodine that the body obtains from food, and uses this mineral to create the thyroid hormones.

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  • This congenital defect means that the infant does not produce sufficient thyroid hormones, resulting in abnormal growth and development as well as slower mental function.

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  • Endocrine system-A group of ductless glands and parts of glands that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream or lymphatic system to control metabolic activity.

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  • The decreased testosterone also causes an increase in two other hormones, follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH).

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  • Oral contraceptives, or birth control pills, contain synthetic forms of two hormones produced naturally in the body.

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  • These hormones, estrogen and progestin, regulate the female menstrual cycle.

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  • Some types of oral contraceptives use only progestational hormones, but most use a combination of estrogen and progestin.

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  • Masturbation becomes almost universal at puberty in response to normal surges in sex hormones and sexual drive.

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  • Hormones secreted from the mother's ovaries and a chemical secreted by the trophoblasts begin to prepare the uterine wall.

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  • Hyperthyroidism is the overproduction of thyroid hormones by an overactive thyroid.

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  • In turn, the production of these hormones is controlled by thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) that is produced by the pituitary gland.

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  • When production of the thyroid hormones increases despite the level of TSH being produced, hyperthyroidism occurs.

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  • The excessive amount of thyroid hormones in the blood increases the body's metabolism, creating both mental and physical symptoms.

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  • Radioimmunoassay (a test to show concentrations of thyroid hormones with the use of a radioisotope mixed with fluid samples) helps confirm the diagnosis.

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  • Antithyroid drugs are often administered to help the patient's body cease overproduction of thyroid hormones.

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  • Glucocorticoids-A general class of adrenal cortical hormones that are mainly active in protecting against stress and in protein and carbohydrate metabolism.

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  • Because bone growth is affected by calcium regulating hormones, sex steroids, and thyroid hormones, disturbances in the endocrine system, which controls hormones, can be detected.

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  • Certain types of oral contraceptives (for example, Ortho-Tri-Cyclen) and female sex hormones (estrogens) reduce hormone activity in the ovaries.

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  • Antiandrogen-A substance that blocks the action of androgens, the hormones responsible for male characteristics.

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  • However, much remains unknown about the interactions between hormones, behavior, and social factors.

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  • This process is stimulated by the hormones produced by the testes and ovaries, which provide the developmental signal that the linear growth of the long bones should reach completion or full development.

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  • Many elements influence bone remodeling, including whether the bone is weight-bearing, vitamin D intake, growth factors, and production of various hormones, including estrogen, thyroid, parathyroid, and calcitonin.

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  • Giantism is treated by inhibiting the production of pituitary hormones.

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  • Hormones that cause a mother's milk to let down brings feelings of relaxation and pleasure; it is a pleasant release from the tension built up by the baby's cry.

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  • Hypogonadism is the condition in which the production of sex hormones and germ cells (sperm and eggs) is inadequate.

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  • Along with producing eggs and sperm, they produce sex hormones that generate all the differences between men and women.

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  • The pituitary hormones are the same for males and females, but the gonadal hormones are different.

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  • Hormones can be inadequate during or after each stage of development-embryonic and adolescent.

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  • The organs affected principally by sex hormones are the male and female genitals, both internal and external, and the female breasts.

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  • Again, not every defect is due to inadequate hormones.

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  • For several reasons, the pituitary gland can fail to produce hormones.

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  • Failure of the pituitary is called hypopituitarism and, of course, leaves the gonads with no stimulation to produce hormones.

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  • The role of female hormones in female sexual activity is less clear, although hormones strengthen tissues and promote healthy secretions, facilitating sexual activity.

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  • Most males with XYY syndrome have normal hormones involved in their sperm production.

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  • However, a minority of males with XYY syndrome may have increased amounts of some hormones involved in sperm production.

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  • Kallman's syndrome is a birth defect in the brain that prevents release of hormones and appears as failure of male puberty.

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  • Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (HH) occurs when the body does not produce enough of two important hormones, luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH).

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  • Because of the resulting lack of sex hormones, these individuals do not have menstrual periods and their breasts remain undeveloped, although they may develop underarm and pubic hair.

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  • As of the early 2000s, there are accurate blood tests for most of the hormones in the body, including those from the pituitary and even some from the hypothalamus.

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  • Tests may be done that check estrogen levels (women) and testosterone levels (men) as well as FSH levels and LH levels, the pituitary hormones that stimulate the gonads.

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  • Estrogen is recommended only to control hot flashes and sweats after menopause but is used in young women who do not produce hormones on their own.

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  • The test requires a sample of maternal blood, typically taken during the fifteenth and twentieth week of pregnancy, and measures the level of certain pregnancy hormones.

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  • Pheochromocytoma is usually a benign (noncancerous) tumor that causes excessive secretion of adrenal hormones.

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  • Pheochromocytoma-A tumor that originates from the adrenal gland's chromaffin cells, causing overproduction of catecholamines, powerful hormones that induce high blood pressure and other symptoms.

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  • Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is a genetic disorder characterized by a deficiency in the hormones cortisol and aldosterone and an over-production of the hormone androgen.

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  • Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is a form of adrenal insufficiency in which 21-hydroxylase, the enzyme that produces two important adrenal steroid hormones, cortisol and aldosterone, is deficient.

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  • Because cortisol production is impeded, the adrenal gland over-produces androgens (male steroid hormones).

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  • For some forms of CAH, prenatal diagnosis is possible through chronic villus sampling in the first trimester and by measuring certain hormones in the amniotic fluid during the second trimester.

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  • This information alone, or along with measurements of two other hormones, is considered along with the mother's age to calculate the risk of the baby being born with Down syndrome.

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  • According to Bernstein Medical Center for Hair Restoration, transplanted hair from that fringe isn't likely to fall out, even when placed in a previously bald spot, because that hair is not affected by the hormones that cause hair loss.

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  • Some women will also benefit from spironolactone, which interferes with male hormones that can cause hair loss.

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  • Hair loss is caused by a combination of hormones and genetics, and a tendency toward baldness can be inherited from either side of the family.

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  • Hirsutism is often the result of a hormonal imbalance during which the body produces excessive androgens or responds poorly to many other types of hormones.

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  • The testosterone causes 'andronic alopecia', however fortunately, due to the presence of common female hormones; the extent of hair loss may be less.

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  • Supporters of the green tea treatment claim that tea promotes hair growth as it influences blood concentrations of some of the hormones associated with hair growth.

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  • Some women prefer the First Response Early Result Pregnancy Test that promises to detect pregnancy hormones earlier.

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  • In the second trimester, your hormones have stabilized.

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  • Combination pills deliver the hormones estrogen and progestin, which prevents ovulation from occurring.

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  • Combination pills deliver active hormones for 21 days followed by seven placebos.

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  • There are dozens of birth control pills on the market, most of which are categorized by the amount of hormones they deliver.

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  • If you're using a hormonal method of birth control, like the pill, the patch, or Depo-Provera, the hormones in your medication are determining when you get your period.

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  • You can look for changes in your body temperature and vaginal mucus or purchase an ovulation predictor kit that looks for certain hormones in your urine.

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  • Birth control pills for women use hormones to disrupt a woman's normal menstrual cycle.

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  • The hormones also seem to cause problems with cholesterol.

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  • Other possibilities include patches that allow hormones to be absorbed through the skin and implants that could continue to work for a year or more.

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  • Urine monitors generally track the surging levels of estrogen and luteinizing hormones.

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  • It uses hormones to prevent your ovaries from ovulating (releasing an egg).

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  • They give your body a break from the hormones, allowing you to have a period.

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  • Part of the original thinking behind the monthly break from hormones was that women would be worried if they stopped getting periods.

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