Perhaps in the histories of the demons.
- Tacitus, Histories, iii.
"Annales"; the histories of Roman Literature by M.
Zahn (1900) and Julicher (1906); the histories of the apostolic age by C. von Weizsdcker (1892), A.
I read the histories of Greece, Rome and the United States.
According to Suetonius (Caesar, 56), many authorities considered Oppius to have written the histories of the Spanish, African and Alexandrian wars which are printed among the works of Caesar.
Biblical criticism is concerned with a composite (Judaean) history based upon other histories (partly of non-Judaean origin), and the relation between native written sources and external contemporary evidence (monumental and.
See also histories of modern philosophy.
So the histories say, and it is all quite wrong, as anyone who cares to look into the matter can easily convince himself.
I plan on returning to see what my brother is doing with all those histories he's not sharing.
The keeper of ancient Immortal histories, Tamer was able to read scripts from the time-before-time.
The historians of culture are quite consistent in regard to their progenitors, the writers of universal histories, for if historical events may be explained by the fact that certain persons treated one another in such and such ways, why not explain them by the fact that such and such people wrote such and such books?
Every warlord has kept the kingdom's histories.
I saw the folly of my forefathers in the histories.
v.; histories of ancient philosophy, and specially Ed.
See also the chief church histories or histories of doctrine (Harnack; Loofs; Hagenbach; Shedd); A.
For criticism see, in addition to the histories of philosophy, F.
This story is open to grave suspicion, as, apart from the miracles recorded, there are wide discrepancies between the secular Portuguese histories and the narratives written or inspired by Jesuit chroniclers of the 17th century.
For accounts in general histories, see J.
Besides the standard general histories see O.
histories of any value are necessarily compromises between the biblical traditions and the results of recent investigation, and those studies which appear to depart most widely from the biblical or canonical representation often do greater t justice to the evidence as a whole than the slighter or more conservative and apologetic reconstructions.
We hear some ' One may recall, in this connexion, Caxton's very interesting prologue to Malory's Morte d'Arthur and his remarks on the permanent value of the " histories " of this British hero.
5 sqq.); or in the late insertion of local tradition encircling Jerusalem; or in the perplexing attitude of the histories towards the district of Benjamin and its famous sanctuary of Bethel (only about 10 m.
Of shorter histories, D.
The older histories of the colony are: Hugh Williamson, History of North Carolina (2 vols.
- Besides the sections on mysticism in the general histories of philosophy by Erdmann, Ueberweg and Windelband, and in works on church history and the history of dogma, reference may be made for the medieval period to Heinrich Schmid, Der Mysticismus in seiner Entstehungsperiode (1824); Charles Schmidt, Essai sur les mystiques du 14me siecle (1836) Ad.
Histories and accounts of travels have been composed both in Arabic and Chinese.
Cantor's histories of mathematics, and more elaborate analyses are those of Nesselmann (Die Algebra der Griechen, Berlin, 1842) and G.
Worth, Derby, in "Popular County Histories" (London, 1886); J.
He had also read a great deal of history in English - Robertson's histories, Hume, Gibbon, Robert Watson's Philip II.
and Philip III., Hooke's Roman History, part of a translation of Rollin's Ancient History, Langhorne's Plutarch, Burnet's History of My Own Times, thirty volumes of the Annual Register, Millar's Historical View of the English Government, Mosheim's Ecclesiastical History, M`Crie's Knox, and two histories of the Quakers.
Dixon's Histories of the Church; Birt's Elizabethan Settlement; H.
The chief general histories are: Sir D.
General: Histories and Biographies.
Moreover, in many insects with imperfect metamorphosis the change from larva or (as the later stage of the larva is called in these cases) nymph to imago is about as great as the corresponding change in the Holometabola, as the student will recognize if he recalls the histories of Ephemeridae, Odonata and male Coccidae.
See Tacitus, Histories; Suetonius, Vitellius; Dio Cassius lxv.;: Merivale, Hist.
of the Histories of Tacitus (introduction); B.
Of the older histories Caleb Atwater, History of the State of Ohio, Natural and Civil (Cincinnati, 1838), and James W.
Greenidge, Handbook of Greek Constitutional Antiquities (1896); histories of Greece in general.
The principal sources for the life of Stilicho are the histories of Zosimus and of Orosius and the flattering verses of Claudian.
4 Of these writers see Archer's Crusade of Richard I., Appendix (in Nutt's series of Histories from Contemporary Writers).
in the second half of the 13th century, partly (so far as relates to the Cid) from the above, partly from contemporary Arabic histories, and partly from tradition; the Cronica del Cid, first published in 1512, by Juan de Velorado, abbot of the monastery of San Pedro at Cardena, which is a compilation from the last, interlarded with new fictions due to the piety of the compiler; lastly, various Arabic manuscripts, some of contemporary date, which are examined and their claims weighed in the second volume of Professor Dozy's Recherches sur l'histoire politique et litteraire de l'Espagne pendant le moyen dge (Leiden, 1849).
315; histories of Roman literature by Teuffel-Schwabe and Schanz.
See the collection of texts by Sudendorf (1850); the Church Histories of Gieseler, ii.
It would be impossible to give a list even of the other lives, most of which are without value as histories, being written mainly for edification.
See further the articles on Xenophanes; Parmenides; Zeno (of Elea); Melissus, with the works there quoted; also the histories of philosophy by Zeller, Gomperz, Windelband, &c.
For Alexander's army and tactics, beside the regular histories (Droysen, Niese, Beloch, Kaerst), see D.
His " Histories " are published in Rerum brit.
See Tacitus, Histories; Suetonius, Vespasian; Dio Cassius, lxvi.; Merivale, Hist.
Early in the 18th century William Sewel, a Dutch Quaker, wrote a history of the Society and published an English translation; modern (small) histories have been written by T.
Grubb, and the series of " Swarthmore Lectures " as well as the histories above mentioned.
Meanwhile in addition to many legal works of high standing, he had begun the publication of that long series of histories and historical romances which has made his name a household word in Germany.
Not less important than his histories are the historical romances, the best-known of which, Ein Kampf um Rom, in four volumes (Leipzig, 1876), which has gone through many later editions, was also the first of the series.
The 13th section, or Spend Nask, which was mainly consecrated to the description of his life, has perished; while the biographies founded upon it in the 7th book of the Dinkard (9th century A.D.), the Shah-Nama, and the Zardusht-Nama (13th century), are thoroughly legendary - full of wonders, fabulous histories and miraculous deliverances.
His only means for gratifying his eager desire for books was the small library founded in his native town by Benjamin Franklin and consisting principally of histories and treatises on theology.
Of brief general histories there is that of J.
On the domestic reform problem there is an enormous literature, from which may be selected (see general histories above and works cited under § Administration of this bibliography): M.
See the Histories of Dogma by A.
Yet even so the want of complete documentary evidence upon which to base conclusions has vitiated all but the most recent of the countless monographs and histories that have appeared on the subject.
Janson, Der Feldzug 1814 in Frankreich (Berlin, 1903 - 1905): See also works mentioned under French Revolutionary Wars and under biographical headings, as well as the general histories of the time.
For his treatment of heretics see the church histories of the period.
All histories of Bohemia devote a large amount of space to the Hussite movement.
His biography was written by his son Karl Wilhelm Bottiger (1790-1862), for some time professor of history at Erlangen, and author of several valuable histories (History of Germany, History of Saxony, History of Bavaria, Universal History of Biographies).
The character which Procopius gives to the jurist, even if touched by personal spite, is entitled to some credence, because it is contained in the Histories and not in the scandalous and secret Anecdota.
The letters of Cassiodorus, chief minister and literary adviser of Amalasuntha, and the histories of Procopius and Jordanes, give us our chief information as to the character of Amalasuntha.
- Besides the Greek histories and many of the works cited under Sparta, see W.
1768), author of histories of Pandolfo Petrucci and the bishopric of Siena.
The accounts of medieval thought given by Ritter, Erdmann and Ueberweg in their general histories of philosophy are exceedingly good.
Here it is only possible to give some of the more important general histories, together with such special works as are most readily accessible to English readers.
Of modern histories written in Magyar the most imposing is the History of the Hungarian Nation (to vols., Budapest, 1898), issued to commemorate the celebration of the millennium of the foundation of the monarchy, by Sandor Szilagyi and numerous collaborators.
EletrajzGyiitemeny (2 vols., Pest, 1856-1858); and the literary histories of L.
Sometimes, also, he gives proof of some knowledge of Hebrew and supplements his scriptural authorities, which include I Esdras, from general Greek histories.
Erdmann, Grundriss der Geschichte der Philosophie (Berlin, 1866); histories of philosophy by R.
Like many other French histories, it was a pamphlet as well as a chronicle, and the subjects of Lamartine's pen became his models in politics.
In his histories the effect is worse.
In his histories proper the special motive for embellishment disappears, but the habit of inaccuracy remains.
The following are the most important of subsequent histories arranged in order of publication; James Howell, Londinopolis (1657); W.
Separate histories have been published of the chief London companies.
The Burmese literature is for the most part metrical, and consists of religious romances, chronological histories and songs.
Among the English histories of Florence, Napier's Florentine History (6 vols., London,1846-1847) and A.Trollope's History of the Commonwealth of Florence (4 vols., London, 1865) are not without value although out of date.
His writings have been the basis of all Roman Catholic histories of the English Reformation.
Their several histories were fused by the Elizabethan dramatists, and associated with the Maid Marian of the morris dance, who up to that time had probably only a vague connexion with Robin Hood.
See the article in Dictionary of Christian Antiquities; Wetzer and Welte, Kirchenlexicon (2nd ed.); and Herzog-Hauck, Realencyklopeidie (3rd ed.); also the general histories of the time.
For feudalism in England see the various constitutional histories, especially W.
Consequently even the more sober histories contain a mass of fables about early days.
All these histories are more or less thrown into the shade by the great work of Tabari (q.v.), whose fame has never faded from his own day to ours.
These later historians had valuable help from the biographies of famous men and special histories of countries and cities, dynasties and princes, on which much labour was spent from the 4th century from the Flight onwards.
1274 or 1286) is famous for his histories, but still more for his geographical writings.
On Protagoras' philosophy see the histories of philosophy, e.g.
Of the secondary literature, the following histories and monographs should be named.
de Goeje, pp. 279 seq.) and the histories of Ibn el Athir and Tabary.
Literature: the German histories of early Christian literature, by A.
17, ibid.; Romanin, Storia documentata di Venezia, also other general Venetian histories; G.
by Vitalis, Paris, 1903); Ribier, Lettres et memoires d'estat (Paris, 1666); Relations des ambassadeurs venitiens, &c. Of the contemporary memoirs and histories, see Brantome (ed.
The Latin translations of the Antiquities of Josephus and of the ecclesiastical histories of Theodoret, Sozomen and Socrates, under the title of Historia Tripartita (embracing the years 3 06 -439), were carried out under his supervision.
In the same year appeared two wholly or partially fictitious histories, each of which might have made a reputation for any man.
See also Stechow, Aeschinis Oratoris vita (1841); Marchand, Charakteristik des Redners Aschines (1876); Castets, Eschine, l'Orateur (1875); for the political problems see histories of Greece, esp. A.
See in loco in the following English or translated histories of the life or time of Jesus, Theodor Keim, E.
TheA nnals and Histories of Cornelius Tacitus (54-119), with the supplementary Life of Agricola and the Tralan Germania, and the Satires of D.
Two epitomists of previous histories may be mentioned: Justinus (of uncertain date) who abridged the history of Pompeius Trogus, an Augustan writer; and P. Annius Florus, who wrote in the reign of Hadrian a rhetorical sketch based upon Livy.
The events seem to belong to the histories of the several cities, and examples of corporate action are few and uncertain.
- The general histories of Greece, especially those of A.
Thompson for the Camden Society (2 vols., London, 1878); Laurence Eachard, History of England (3 vols., London, 1707-1718); and the Histories of England by Lingard, Von Ranke and Macaulay.
princeps, from a MS. discovered by himself, 1522); Tacitus (1519, exclusive of the Histories); Livius (1535); and Erasmus (with a life, 9 vols.
Nitzsch, De Lysandro (Bonn, 1847); and the Greek histories in general.
For habits and life histories of Hymenoptera see J.
The work is uncritically written, but is nevertheless important on account of the extracts it has preserved from histories now lost.
Of modern histories which comprise the reign of Trajan the best in English is that of Merivale; but that in German by H.
He loved the reading of histories and astronomy, and by questioning travellers gained some knowledge of distant parts of the earth.
But in the histories of the wars with his vassals he is often little more than a tyrannical dotard, who is made to submit to gross insult.
But the persistent demand produced a supply; and the honour of identification with Prester John, after hovering over one head and another, settled for a long time upon that of the king of the Nestorian tribe of Kerait, famous in the histories of Jenghiz under the name of Ung or Awang Khan.
Many incidents recorded in the histories make manifest the meekness, fortitude and even cheerfulness with which he went to his death.
All their hymns, epics and histories were bound up with their individuality as a free people.
Darstellung der Jiidisch-Alexandrinischen Religionsphilosophie (1834); Histories of Philosophy by Zeller, Ueberweg, Windelband, &c., and Bibliography of Church History, &c.
In February parliament discovered that " by divers sundry old authentic histories and chronicles " it was manifest that the realm of England was an empire governed by one supreme head, the king, to whom all sorts and degrees of people - both clergy and laity - ought to bear next to God a natural and humble obedience, and that to him God had given the authority finally to determine all causes and contentions in the realm, " without restraint, or provocation to any foreign princes or potentates of the world."
Bardenhewer, and the histories of dogma, e.g.
Hence they and other authorities wish to see " History of Dogma " supplemented by " Histories of Theology."
From this she passed to prose histories, written in a simple style for the young.
Herodotus, who omits wholly the histories of Phoenicia, Carthage and Etruria, three of the most important among the states existing in his day, cannot have intended to compose a "universal history," the very idea of which belongs to a later age.
(Introduction, pp. xlv.-lxvi., seeks to prove that the last three books were the first part of the Histories to be composed.
Making it his main object in his "introduction" to set before his readers the previous history of the two nations who were the actors in the great war, he is able in tracing their history to bring into his narrative some account of almost all the nations of the known world, and has room to expatiate freely upon their geography, antiquities, manners and customs and the like, thus giving his work a "universal" character, and securing for it, without trenching upon unity, that variety, richness and fulness which are a principal charm of the best histories, and of none more than his.
In tracing the growth of Persia from a petty subject kingdom to a vast dominant empire, he has occasion to set out the histories of Lydia, Media, Assyria, Babylon, Egypt, Scythia, Thrace, and to describe the countries and the peoples inhabiting them, their natural productions, climate, geographical position, monuments, &c.; while, in noting the contemporaneous changes in Greece, he is led to tell of the various migrations of the Greek race, their colonies, commerce, progress in the arts, revolutions, internal struggles, wars with one another, legislation, religious tenets and the like.
(1878), and the histories of philosophy; also Academy, Greek.
Of the older histories Waddington's Congregational History in 5 vols.
(1869-1880) contains abundant data; while for more detailed study reference may be made to various county histories, such as T.
The Victorian County Histories (Constable) may also be consulted.
C. Lacretelle's chief work is a series of histories of the 18th century, the Revolution and its sequel: Précis historique de la Revolution francaise, appended to the history of Rabaud St Etienne, and partly written in the prison of La Force (5 vols., 1801-1806); Histoire de France pendant le X VIII' siecle (6 vols., 1808); Histoire de l'Assemblee Constituante (2 vols., 1821); L'Assemblee Legislative (1822); La Convention Nationale (3 vols., 1824-1825); Histoire de France depuis la restauration (1829-1835); Histoire du consulat et de l'empire (4 vols., 1846).
Short histories are: R.
Benedetto (translated 1896); also, Indexes to standard general histories of the period; Thomas Hodgkin's Italy and Her Invaders and Gregorovius' History of the City of Rome may be specially mentioned.
Of detailed military histories the principal are the semi-official series of narratives and monographs produced by the Austrian military journal " Streffleur " (Einzelschriften fiber den russ.-japanischen Krieg); the volumes of lectures delivered at the Russian Staff College after the war, French translation (Conferences sur la guerre russo-japonaise faites it l'Academie Nicolas); British official History of the RussoJapanese War (1907-); German official Russisch japanischer Krieg (1906 -; English translation by K.
Hebrew title would be Book of Events of the Times, and this again appears to have been a designation commonly applied to special histories in the more definite shape - Events of the Times of King David, or the like (1 Chron.
The chronicler makes frequent reference to earlier histories which he cites by a great variety of names.
It is now generally recognized in histories of the Old Testament that a proper estimate of Solomon's reign cannot start from narratives which represent the views of Deuteronomic writers, although, in so far as late narratives may rest upon older material more in accordance with the circumstances of their age, attempts are made to present reconstructions from a combination of various elements.
Foreign histories include a work on Pegu, a few tales of Cambodian kings and recently published class-books on European history compiled by the educational department.
Amongst his authorities were the writers of Atthides (histories of Attica), the grammarian Didymus, Dionysius of Halicarnassus, and the lexicographer Dionysius, son of Tryphon.
In the 6th century Cassiodorus had a translation made of the histories of Socrates, Sozomen and Theodoret, which were woven into one continuous narrative and brought down to 518.
Local histories containing more or less ecclesiastical material were written in the 6th and following centuries by Jordanes (History of the Goths), Gregory of Tours (History of the Franks), Isidore of Seville (History of the Goths, Vandals and Suevi), Bede (Ecclesiastical History of England), Paulus Diaconus (History of the Lombards), and others.
von Hefele (edited by KnOpfler.) In addition to these general works on church history should be named the histories of doctrine by Harnack, Loofs, Seeberg and Fisher; and on the early Church the works on the apostolic age by Weizsacker (1886, English translation 1894), McGiffert (1897), and Bartlet (1899); Renan's Histoire des origines du christianisme (1867 ff., in 7 vols., translated in part); Pfleiderer's Urchristenthum (1887); S.
In answering this question we must consider East and West separately; for their histories are no longer coincident, as they had been in the time of the Roman dominion.
All histories of philosophy deal with scepticism, and general accounts will be found in J.
Besides the Latin histories of Wapowski and Gwagnin (Guagnini, of Italian origin), we have the first historical work in Polish by Martin Bielski, a Protestant, viz.
See Hedonism, EPICUxus; histories of philosophy by Zeller, Windelband, tUeberweg; H.
The histories of Haureau, Ritter, Prantl and Windelband may also be consulted.
In old Armenian histories the name is Tavresh, which means the same.
The object of the above sketch has been to embrace in constructive outline the ground usually covered analytically and on a far larger scale by Introductions to the New Testament, and by Histories of the New Testament Canon.
22) like the Visions and the Histories of Iddo and Shemaiah (ix.
71 and Histories, iii.
Among older histories are Humphrey Marshall, The History of Kentucky.
It is true that the political and spiritual histories of the peoples on the Mediterranean run in parallel lines, the one leading up to the universal monarchy of Rome, the other leading up to monotheism and universal human morality.
On the relation of Neoplatonism to Christianity, and the historical importance of Neoplatonism generally, see the leading church histories, and the Histories of Dogma by Baur, Nitzsch, Harnack, &c. Compare also Loffler, Der Platonismus der Kirchenvater (1782); Huber, Die Philosophie der Kirchenvdter (1859); Tzchirner, Fall des Heidenthums (1829), pp. 574618; Burckhardt, Die Zeit Constantin's des Grossen (1853); Chastel, Hist.
/n==Authorities== - The principal ancient authorities for the life of Caesar are his own Commentaries, the biographies of Plutarch and Suetonius, letters and speeches of Cicero, the Catiline of Sallust, the Pharsalia of Lucan, and the histories of Appian, Dio Cassius and Velleius Paterculus (that of Livy exists only in the Epitome).
Generally also much Gnostic matter is contained in the apocryphal histories of the Apostles.
Thus actual documents of native Aztec history, or copies of them, are still open to the study of scholars, while after the conquest interpretations of these were drawn up in writing by Spanish-educated Mexicans, and histories founded on them with the aid of traditional memory were written by Ixtilxochitl and Tezozomoc. In Central America the rows of complex hieroglyphs to be seen sculptured on the ruined temples probably served a similar purpose.
Bancroft, Collected Works (Histories of the Pacific States, Central America, &c., vols.
His histories, in many different editions, and his speeches, as above, are easily accessible; his minor works and newspaper articles have not, we believe, been collected in any form.
He wrote histories of Greece and of Philip, and an epic on Alexander (fragments in Miller, Scriptores Rerum Alexandri Magni).
The principal histories of Mahmud's reign are - Kitab-iYamini (Utbi); Tarikh-us-Subuktigin (Baihaki); Tabakat i Nasiri (Minhaj el-Siraj); Rauzat-us-Safa (Mir Khond); Habib-us-Sivar (Khondamir).
General histories of the war are mainly of American authorship, such as: George Bancroft's History of the United States (Boston, 1883-1885) which, in spite of minor errors of fact and judgment, will remain standard; J.
Niebuhr's Roman History counts among epoch-making histories both as marking an era in the study of its special subject and for its momentous influence on the general conception of history.
See also, beside works quoted under Cyrenaics, Epicurus, &c., and the general histories of philosophy, J.
It is still one of the best histories of Naples, and the style is distinguished by clearness, simplicity and elegance.
(For the subsequent history of modalistic monarchianism see SABELLIUS.) See the Histories of Dogma by A.
P.) See Tacitus, Histories, i.
to his edition (1891) of the Histories of Tacitus; B.
Woodburn, "The Historical Significance of the Missouri Compromise" in the Annual Report of the American Historical Association for 1893 (Washington, D.C.); Dixon, History of the Missouri Compromise (Cincinnati, 1899); Schouler's and McMaster's Histories of the United States.
See, in addition to histories of the Revolution, F.
Snorri's sources were partly succinct histories of the realm, as the chronological sketch of Ari; partly more voluminous early collections of traditions, as the Noregs Konungatal (Fagrskinna) and the Jarlasaga; partly legendary biographies of the two Olafs; and, in addition to these, studies and collections which he himself made during his journeys in Norway.
Histories, Of The Maritime Provinces Have Been Written By Thomas Chandler;Haliburton, Beamish Murdoch And James Hannay.
1860) And Sir John Bourinot 1 .(1837-1902) Have Written Brief And Popular Histories, Covering The Whole Field Of Canadian History More Or Less Adequately.
Perhaps there is only one extant MS. of the text, as in the case of the Mimes of Herodas and the Annals and Histories of Tacitus.
(London,- 1909); and the various Histories of Dogma and Church Histories.
Zimmer, Nennius Vindicatus (Berlin, 1893), an examination into the credibility of Nennius; Geoffrey of Monmouth, Historia Britonum (translations of both histories are in Bohn's Library); Wace, the Brut (ed.
B.'s (1901); histories of modern philosophy generally.
(1907), pp. 159-217; the histories of Israel and commentaries on the book of Exodus.
Wace and Benoit de Sainte-More compiled their histories at his bidding, and it was in his reign that Marie de France composed her poems. An event with which he was closely connected, viz.
Not one of these histories, however, is to be compared in value with The History of William the Marshal, Count of Striguil and Pembroke, regent of England from 1216-1219, which was found and subsequently edited by Paul Meyer (Societe de l'histoire de France, 3 vols., 1891-1901).
Histories; McCrie's Life of Melville; Hay Fleming's Mary, Queen of Scots; Bannatyne's Memorials.
Martin, Krauses Leben and Bedeutung (1881), and Histories of Philosophy by Zeller, Windelband and Hoffding.
See also Gough's Index to Parker Soc. Publ.; Strype's Works (General Index); Acts of the Privy Council; Calendars of Domestic and Spanish State Papers; Dixon's and Frere's Church Histories; and Dictionary of National Biography (art.
Consult the article PEx1PATETIcs, and histories of ancient philosophy, e.g.
Reference must also be made to the articles on Anglo-Saxon antiquities in the Victoria County Histories, and to various papers in Archaeologia, the Archaeological Journal, the Journal of the British Archaeological Society, the Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries, the Associated Architectural Societies' Reports, and other antiquarian journals.
This history, while suffering from the limitations of all contemporaneous narratives, contains much that does not exist elsewhere, and is one of the best-known sources for the later histories of Napoleon's reign.
Helpful Church histories are F.
Early period: besides the histories of Babylonia and Assyria see Winckler, various essays in his Altor.
Logan has found ethnological and linguistic evidence of this domination, which was left unnoticed in the Indian histories.
See also histories of philosophy and theology in the 19th century, and the valuable article s.v.
Having a happy knack of estimating character, especially when acquainted with the histories of the persons in question, the good pastor contrived to write a graphic and readable book, but one much inferior to Porta's or Aristotle's as a systematic treatise.
Polybius' Histories (x.
The histories of Greek philosophy mentioned s.v.
- The biography of Mary Stuart being virtually the history of Scotland during the period covered by her life, with which the history of England at the same period is also largely concerned, the chief events in which she figured are related in all the general Histories of both countries.
The most important unofficial contemporary works are the Histories of John Knox, Bishop John Lesley, George Buchanan, and Robert Lindsay of Pitscottie; the Diurnal of Remarkable Occurrents from the death of James IV.
Of modern general histories those of chief importance on the subject are the Histories of England by Hume, Lingard and Froude; and the Histories of Scotland by Robertson, P. F.
the first folio of Shakespeare's Comedies, Histories and Tragedies, On the field of battle he was as energetic in attack as he was followed in 1902 and 1904 by supplementary volumes giving constant in defence, and his personal influence over the men details of extant copies, and in 1906 by a complete edition of Shakespeare's Works.
Baal (Tubingen, 1906), the literature to Kings, BooKs OF, and the histories referred to in JEws.
8), Livy (Epic. 95-97), and the fragments of the Histories of Sallust, whose account seems to have been full and graphic.
See Tacitus, Histories, ii., iii., iv.; Dio Cassius lxv.
5 if., 44 if., 62 f., 88; Germania, passim; Histories, iv.; Ptolemy ii.
Thus new histories were written and old ones unearthed, collected and printed, but no attempt was made to criticize and collate the manuscripts of the past, or to present two sides of a question in the writings of the present.
The chief histories on the period between the fall of the Hahenstaufen and the Renaissance are: T.
Other general histories, although on a smaller scale, are K.
Apart from political histories there are useful collections of laws and other official documents of importance, and also a large number of valuable works on the laws and constitutions of the Germans and on German institutions generally.
Besides the histories of Egypt, see J.
Historical: The early history of the province is best given in the general histories of Canada by MacMullen and Kingsford (see CANADA).
They made it a condition 1 For the separate political histories of Austria and Hungary see the section on II.
But the prospect of German rule was unpopular, and on William's death the crown passed to Tancred, an illegitimate grandson of King Roger, who figures in English histories in the story of Richard III.'s crusade.
All histories of Greece may be consulted (see GREECE: History, Ancient, section " Authorities ").
Procopius's writings fall into three divisions: the Histories (Persian, Vandal and Gothic Wars), in eight books; the treatise on the Buildings of Justinian (De aedificiis), in six books; and the Unpublished Memoirs ('AvEKbora, Historia arcana), so called because they were not published during the lifetime of the author.
The Histories are called by the author himself the Books about the Wars (ol inrip TWV 7roXEµwv Xoyot).
These eight books of Histories, although mainly occupied with military matters, contain notices of some of the more important domestic events, such as the Nika insurrection at Constantinople in 532, the plague in 542, the conspiracy of Artabenes in 548.
In point of style it is greatly inferior to the Histories - florid, pompous and affected, and at the same time tedious.
The Anecdota (" Secret History") purports to be a supplement to the Histories, containing explanations and additions which the author could not insert in the latter work for fear of Justinian and Theodora.
In point of style, the Anecdota is inferior to the Histories, and has the air of being unfinished, or at least unrevised.
Do they say that the histories are mythical ?
Artavasdes, king of Armenia (54?-34 B.C.) composed Greek tragedies and histories (Plut.
From the mass of material comprised in the Koran - and the account we have given is far from exhaustive - we should select the histories of the ancient prophets and saints Narratives.
The purpose of Mahomet is to show from these histories how God in forme/ times had rewarded the righteous and punished their enemies.
These histories are chiefly about Scripture characters, especially those of the Old Testament.
Besides Jewish and Christian histories there are a few about old Arabian prophets.
Indispensable links, both in expression and in the sequence of events, are often omitted, so that to understand these histories is sometimes far easier for us than for those who heard them first, because we know most of them from better sources.
The histories of the earlier prophets, which had occasionally been briefly touched on in the first period, are now related, sometimes at great length.
(3) Synchronisms in the histories of other countries furnish reliable datesGreek, Persian, Babylonian and Biblical dates for the XXVIth Dynasty, Assyrian for the XXVth; less precise are the Biblical date of Rehoboam, contemporary with the invasion of Shishak (Sheshonk) in the XXIInd Dynasty, and the date of the Babylonian.
The following composed special histories of Egypt: Ibn ~Abd al-Ilakam, d.
The naval histories of G.
The best accounts of Monmouth's career, apart from the modern histories, are G.
But " Bluidy Claverhouse " will continue to enjoy his traditional reputation in popular tracts and popular histories.
The most recent general Histories of Scotland are those of P. Hume Brown (Cambridge, 1899), and on a larger scale, but ending at 1746, of A.
Fraser's family histories, and Patrick's Statutes of the Scottish Church, may on various points prove serviceable.
References to the Viking Age in a general way are to be found in a vast number of books, especially histories of the Scandinavian countries, of which Munch's Det Norske Folks Historie (1852, &c.) is the most distinguished; J.
" Patricius"; and histories of Charlemagne (q.v.; and his successors.
The standard histories of the state are J.
1, p. 185; Mullach, Aristotelis de Melisso, Xenophane, Gorgia; Pabst, De Melissi samiifragmentis (Bonn, 1889), and histories of philosophy.
As authorities for the life, the most valuable are the ecclesiastical histories of Socrates, Sozomen and Theodoret; and amongst the moderns, Erasmus, Cave, Lardner and Tillemont, with the church history of Neander, and his monograph on the Life and Times of Chrysostom, translated by J.
His History is a gigantic unfinished introduction, of which the plan was, first to state the general principles of the author's method and the general laws which govern the course of human progress; and secondly, to exemplify these principles and laws through the histories of certain nations characterized by prominent and peculiar features, - Spain and Scotland, the United States and Germany.
No separate history of the congress exists, but innumerable references are to be found in general histories and in memoirs, correspondence, &c., of the time.
See the constitutional histories of G.
In the histories of his own nation he has little place; the renown which spread in his lifetime to the East ceased with his death, and he left no school.
narrative of the destruction of Jerusalem by Titus on the account given by Tacitus in his "Histories," a portion of which has been lost.
And one of the Afghan histories, quoted by Mr Bellew, relates " a current tradition " that, previous to the time of Kais, Bilo the father of the Biluchis, Uzbak (evidently the father of the Usbegs) and Afghana were considered as brethren.
Histories of the Provinces.
This was followed by his larger histories of dogma, Die christliche Lehre von der Versiihnung in ihrer geschichtlichen Entwicklung bis auf die neueste Zeit (1838), Die christliche Lehre von der Dreieinigkeit and Menschwerdung Gottes in ihrer geschichtlichen Entwicklung (3 vols., 1841-1843), and the Lehrbuch der christlichen Dogmengeschichte (1847).
It is in this respect one of the few great comprehensive histories in our possession, great in scope, conception and accomplishment.
and xi.; Memoires de la Ligue (new ed., Amsterdam, 1758); the histories of T.
- Madison's personality is perplexingly vague; the biographies of him are little more than histories of the period, and the best history of the later period in which he was before the public, Henry Adams's History of the United States from r80r to 1817 (1889-1890), gives the clearest sketch and best criticism of him.
See also histories of Rome generally, and among special works: - E.
The histories of all the great religious and philosophic movements show them as developments of an evolutionary process, arriving at their accepted dogmas through long periods of contention between numerous tendencies.
As regards events the histories are of substantial accuracy and adequacy.
757; histories of Stanhope, Lecky, Ranke, Macaulay, Boyes, Burnet, Wyon, and Somerville; F.
His other books were numerous: an Outline History of the Fine Arts; many illustrated histories, large and small, of the United States; popular descriptions of Mount Vernon and other localities associated with famous names; and biographical sketches of celebrated Americans, of which The Life and Times of Major-General Philip Schuyler (2 vols.
In addition he edited American History told by Contemporaries (4 vols., 1898-1901), and Source Readers in American History (4 vols., 1901-1903), and two co-operative histories of the United States, the Epochs of American History series (3 small text-books), and, on a much larger scale, the American Nation series (27 vols., 1903-1907); he also edited the American Citizen series.
It is true that the invading king is said in the histories to have been a Dane, whereas the Hygelac of Beowulf belonged to the " Geatas" or Gautar.
See all works dealing with Hus; and indeed all histories of Bohemia contain detailed accounts of the career of Jerome.
- General histories are: Robert Beverley, History of Virginia in Four Parts (Richmond, 1855); R.
This, however, is not the period most frequently termed the middle ages in political histories.
There is much in the imperial and papal histories that is merely spectacular and romantic; much that appeals to the imagination and lends itself to myth; and since the sources are abundant - the papal archives inexhaustible and the German chronicles easily accessible - an undue emphasis has been placed upon them.
Besides the somewhat voluminous writings of Nitzsch, and the discussions contained in the histories of Greek literature by K.
Kaiserzeit; Lehmann, Claudius and Nero; histories of Rome in general.
During this century the best histories - Bruno's and Poggio's annals of Florence, for example - were composed in Latin after the manner of Livy.
Depicting feudalism in the vivid colours of an age at war with feudal institutions, breathing into antique histories the breath of actual life, embracing the romance of Italy and Spain, the mysteries of German legend, the fictions of poetic fancy and the facts of daily life, humours of the moment and abstractions of philosophical speculation, in one homogeneous amalgam instinct with intense vitality, this extraordinary birth of time, with Shakespeare for the master of all ages, left a monument of the Re- naissance unrivalled for pure creative power by any other product of that epoch.
The story of John's career must be sought partly in histories of the kingdom of Jerusalem and of the Latin Empire of the East, partly in monographs.
The larger comprehensive histories of the United States by Bancroft, Hildreth, Winsor, McMaster, Von Holst, Schouler and Avery, the biographies in the "American Statesmen" series, and Hart's "American Natioh" series, are indispensable.
Ottley, The Doctrine of the Incarnation (1896); various histories of Dogma, and Harnack (s.v.
In addition to the standard histories, see V.
In early and popular apocryphal histories the apostles are represented as insisting that their converts should either not contract wedlock or should dissolve the tie if already formed.
Each of the great realms has, however, worked out its financial system on lines suitable to its own particular conditions, which are best considered in connexion with the separate national histories.
- For the earlier history of the kirk the outstanding authorities are the histories of Knox, Calderwood, Baillie's Letters, and Wodrow's History: Knox's liturgy has been edited by Dr Sprott, and on the Westminster Standards the reader may consult Dr Mitchell's Minutes of the Westminster Assembly, and Baird lectures on the same subject.
Modern histories of the church have been written by Cook, Hetherington and Principal Cunningham; Dr Story's Church of Scotland in 5 vols.
The Carthusian, Laurentius Surius, carried on the work of Lippomano, completed it, and arranged the materials strictly in the order of the calendar (De probatis sanctorum histories, Cologne, 1570-1575).
Fowler editions, and general histories of philosophy, see :- Kuno Fischer, Fr.
State Papers, Domestic, Addenda, Spanish and Venetian; Kemp's Loseley MSS.; Froude's History; Burnet, Collier, Dixon and Frere's Church Histories; Strype's Works (General Index); Parker Soc. Publications (Gough's Index); Birt's Elizabethan Settlement.
The town now possesses no early incorporation charters, and although both Chauncy and Salmon in their histories of Hertfordshire state that it was created a borough by charter of King John in 1206, the charter cannot now be found.
The second book, from 397 to 511, deals with the invasions of the Franks, and is based on the histories of Sulpicius Alexander and Renatus Profuturus Frigeridus, now lost; on the catalogues of the bishops of Clermont and Tours; on some lives of saints, e.g.
His histories of philosophy are marked more by critical scholarship than by originality of thought, though they are interesting as asserting the now familiar principle that the history of philosophy is not the history of opinions, but of reason as a whole; he was among the first to attempt to formulate a principle of the development of thought.
See Histories of the Ionian School by Ritten, Mallet; Schleiermacher, "Dissert.
The histories of philosophy may quite correctly describe his theory as the logical development of Descartes's doctrines of the one Infinite and the two finite substances, but Spinoza himself was never a Cartesian.
Knox's life is more or less touched upon by all the Scottish histories and Church histories which include his period, as well as in the mass of literature as to Queen Mary.
The chief historians were Sven Lagerbring (1707-1787), author of a still valuable history of Sweden down to 1457 (Svea Rikes historia, 4 vols., 1769-1783); Olof Celsius (1716-1794), bishop of Lund, who wrote histories of Gustavus I.
One of the earliest native histories of Chile was that of Abbe J.
General studies of the epistle will be found in all biographies of Paul and histories of the apostolic age, as well as in works like Sabatier's The Apostle Paul (pp. 187 f.), B.
To these 1nust be added the testimony of the other Greek historians (Thucydides, Ephorus, Theopompus, &c., with the histories of Alexander), and, before all~ that of Xenophon in the Anabasis and Hellenica.
Quite unique in this respect are the numerous histories of India, from the first invasion of Sultan Mabmud of Ghazni to the English conquest, and even to the first decades of the present century, most of which have been described and partly translated in the eight volumes of Sir H.
Among modern authorities, besides the general histories of Greece, J.
Not only did he write letters and pamphlets during the struggle, but when it was over he set himself to complete the vast task which his two great histories had almost covered by a Histoire du XIXe siecle.
125 seq.; and histories of philosophy.
Germano, Vita, gesti e predittioni del padre san Malachia (Naples, 1670); the ecclesiastical histories of Ireland by J.
The wide diffusion of Stoic phraseology and Stoic modes of thought may be seen on all hands - in the language of the New Testament writers, in the compendious " histories of philosophy " industriously circulated by a host of writers about this time (ccf.
Poetry and imaginative literature usually escaped censure; but histories were mutilated and all original scientific and philosophical work was banned.
King Edward (Duarte) collected a precious library composed of the ancient classics, some translated by his order, as well as medieval poems and histories, and he wrote a moral treatise Leal comselheiro, and hints on horsemanship, or Livro da ensinanra de bem cavalgar toda sella.
Luis de 1Vlenezes, conde de Ericeira, the ecclesiastical histories of Archbishop Rodrigo da Cunha, the Agiologio lusitano of Jorge Cardoso and the Chronica da Companhia de Jesus by, Padre Balthazar Telles.
The Visconde de Santarem, and Judice Biker in geography and diplomatics, produced standard works; Luz Soriano compiled painstaking histories of the reign of King Joseph and of the Peninsular War; Silvestre Ribeiro printed a learned account of the scientific, literary and artistic establishments of Portugal, and Lieut.-Colonel Christovam Ayres was the author of a history of the Portuguese army.
(the first thoroughly Byzantine emperor) at least six church histories were written in Greek within the limits of the Eastern Empire - those, namely, of Philostorgius the Arian, of Philip of Side, of Socrates, of Sozomen, of Theodoret and of Hesychius.
The three histories together became known in the West from the 6th century through the selection which Cassiodorus caused to be made from them, and it is to this selection (if we leave Rufinus and Jerome out of account) that the middle ages were mainly indebted for all they knew of the Arian controversies, and of the period generally between the Councils of Nice and Ephesus.
Besides the numerous modern histories of Israel (e.g.
- The outbreak of the World War in 1914 prevented all the combatants of the Balkan wars from producing official histories, and the only sources available are books and papers published immediately after the operations.
Of histories may be mentioned A.
There are modern histories of Bohemian literature written in the national language by Dr Karel Tieftrunk, Dr Vaclav Flajshans and Mr Jaroslav Vlaek.
Of special Gothic histories, besides that of Jordanes, already so often quoted, there is the Gothic history of Isidore, archbishop of Seville, a special source of the history of the West Gothic kings down to Svinthala (621-631).
There is much material about Taylor in the general histories of M`Master, Von Holst, and Rhodes.
Thus the Church History, first by Stephanus (Paris, 1 554); by Valesius with copious notes, together with the Life of Constantine, the Oration in Praise of Constantine, and the Histories of Socrates, Sozomen, Theodoret, &c. (best edition that of Reading (Cambridge, 1720), in three volumes, folio); by Heinichen (1827, second edition 1868-1870 in three volumes, a very useful edition, containing also the Life of Constantine and the Oration in Praise of Constantine, with elaborate notes); by Burton (1838; a handy reprint in a single volume by Bright, 1881), and by many cthers.
Among the many modern accounts in church histories, histories of Christian literature, encyclopaedias, &c., may be mentioned a monograph by Stein, Eusebius Bischof von Caesarea (Wiirzburg, 1859), meagre but useful as far as it goes; the magnificent article by Lightfoot in the Dictionary of Christian Biography; the account by McGiffert in his translation of the Church History; Erwin Preuschen's article in Herzog-Hauck, Realencyklop. (3rd ed., 1898); the treatment of the Chronology of Eusebius writings in Harnack's Alt - christliche Litteraturgeschichte, ii.
Later he made for himself a collection of the histories of foreign countries, from reading which he conceived an ambition to produce a popular account of English history, modelled on the great work of Bede.
Remains of Edward VI.; Burnet, Collier, Dixon, Froude and Gairdner's histories; Pollard's Cranmer; Dict.
Exiled Greeks were the first to write histories of Rome worthy of the name.
Orosius' Seven Books of Histories against the Pagans, written as a supplement to the City of God, is the first attempt at a Christian "World History."
Histories of commerce and cities now rank beside those on war and kings, although there are readers still who prefer to follow the pennants or robber barons rather than to watch the slow evolution of modern conditions.
Historians no longer attempt to write world histories; they form associations of specialists for the purpose.
English place-names are of diverse origin and often extremely corrupt in their modern form, so that the real etymology of the names can often be discovered only by a careful comparison of the modern form with such ancient forms as are to be found in charters, ancient histories, and other early documents.
There were ancient histories and poems, and codes of laws, and books of ceremonies.
For this purpose he lectured to his disciples on the histories, poems and constitutional works of the nation.
LOGOGRAPHI (Aoyos, ypa, writers of prose histories or tales), the name given by modern scholars to the Greek historiographers before Herodotus.'
Mention may also be made of the following: Hecataeus of Miletus (550-476); Acusilaus of Argos, 2 who paraphrased in prose (correcting the tradition where it seemed necessary) the genealogical works of Hesiod in the Ionic dialect; he confined his attention to the prehistoric period, and made no attempt at a real history; Charon of Lampsacus (c. 450), author of histories of Persia, Libya, and Ethiopia, of annals (a)pot) of his native town with lists of the prytaneis and archons, and of the chronicles of Lacedaemonian kings; Xanthus of Sardis in Lydia (c. 450), author of a history of Lydia, one of the chief authorities used by Nicolaus of Damascus (II.
during the time of Augustus); Hellanicus of Mytilene; Stesimbrotus of Thasos, opponent of Pericles and reputed author of a political pamphlet on Themistocles, Thucydides and Pericles; Hippys and Glaucus, both of Rhegium, the first the author of histories of Italy and Sicily, the second of a treatise on ancient poets and musicians, used by Harpocration and Plutarch; Damastes of Sigeum, pupil of Hellanicus, author of genealogies of the combatants before Troy (an ethnographic and statistical list), of short treatises on poets, sophists, and geographical subjects.
The best general histories of philosophy are by J.
Stockl and Karl Werner give the fullest and most trustworthy histories of the medieval period, but the subject is very carefully treated by Erdmann and Ueberweg, and a useful compendium, written from a Roman Catholic standpoint, is De Wulf's History of Medieval Philosophy (1900; Eng.
For modern times, in addition to the general histories already named, the works of Kuno Fischer, R.
See Corinth: History; histories of Greece; Herodotus v.
A detailed account of Plotinus's philosophical system and an estimate of its importance will be found in the article Neoplatonism, the works above referred to, and the histories of philosophy.
1860), himself the author of various clever novels, plays, poetical pieces and short histories.
See the histories of philosophy and theology, and works quoted under HERACLITUS, STOICS, PHILO, JOHN, THE GOSPEL OF, &C., and for a general summary of the growth of the Logos doctrine, E.
Logos-Idee (1899); and the Histories of Dogma, by A.
Two other universal histories were translated from Greek and Slavonic chronographs.
Popular catechisms and various histories of the Church were then written.
Historical writing has also received much attention, beginning with the early work of Jose Manuel Restrepo (1827), and a considerable number of histories, compendiums and memoirs have been published, but none of real importance.
Of the special histories and descriptions of Mecca published by Wi stenfeld (Chroniken der Stadt Mekka, 3 vols., 1857-1859, with an abstract in German, 1861), the most valuable is that of Azragi.
Gass's Histories of Protestant theology.
In the early Mahommedan histories and geographies we find (according to a favourite Arabic love of jingle) Kabul and Zabul constantly associated.
Modern: Histories of Rome in general (see Rome: Ancient History, ad fin.); works quoted under Caesar and Cicero.
Some of them are mainly local chronicles; others are almost national histories.
Fuller, Burnet and Colliers histories of the church and Reformation.
This still colors most of the histories of the Reformation period, because the issues of that time are living issues, and the writers of these histories are committed beforehand by their profession and their position~ to a particular interpretation.
Histories were often elaborate party pamphlets, and this race of historians is hardly yet extinct.
Greens and Messrs Longmans histories are the only notable attempts to tell the history of England as a whole, though Stubbss Constitutional History (3 vols.) covers the middle ages and embodies a political survey as well (for corrections and modifications see Petit-Dutaillis, Supplementary Studies, 1908), while Hallams Constitutional history (3 vols.) extends from 1485 to 1760 and Erskine Mays (3 vols.) from 1760 to 186o.
- Besides sections on the subject in all principal histories of Greece and bibliographies in G.
The student of theology will do well to seek in the best histories of doctrine more detached treatment than Dogmatic can give.
became his patron, and commanded him to write metrical histories of Henry II.
Histories are those of P. F.
Among later works based on these original materials the first place belongs to general histories.
In English, general histories of the Revolution are few.
None of the general histories of the Revolution above named is really satisfactory.
The medieval religious literature of Western Europe also influenced Iceland, and the Homilies (like the Laws) were, according to Thorodd, the earliest books written in the vernacular, antedating even Ari's histories.
Throughout the Old Testament history, however, Galilee as a whole cannot be said to have a history; the unit of territorial subdivision was tribal rather than provincial, and though such important events as those associated with the names of Barak, Gideon, Gilboa, Armageddon, took place within its borders, yet these belong rather to the histories of Issachar, Zebulon, Asher or Naphtali, whose territories together almost correspond with Galilee, than to the province itself.
See also the histories of philosophy and theology by Zeller, Ueberweg, Chalybdus, Dorner, Gass, Lichtenberger (Eng.
Although innumerable histories of Ireland have appeared in print since the publication of Roderick O'Flaherty's Ogygia (London, 1677), the authors have in almost every case been content to reproduce the legendary accounts without bringing any serious criticism to bear on the sources.
Older histories are Alexander Hewatt, Historical Account of the Rise and Progress of the Colonies of South Carolina and Georgia (London, 1779), freely used by later writers; David Ramsay, History of South Carolina (2 vols., Charleston, 1809), little more than a reprint, without acknowledgments, of Hewatt; and William J.
Kajkavci had from about 1550 to 1830 a distinctive literature, consisting of chronicles and histories, poems of a religious or educational character, fables and moral tales.
For histories of philosophy and other works upon Eleaticism see PARMENIDES.
8-16) which belongs more The historical problems are noticed in all biblical histories, and in the commentaries on Joshua and Judges.
Fesenmair, Sparta von der Schlacht bei Leuktra bis zum Verschwinden des Namens (Munich, 1865); and the general Greek histories of G.
419 sqq.; the constitutional histories of G.
Irenaeus von der Erliisung and Heiligung (Mainz, 1905); also the histories of dogma, especially Harnack, and Bethune-Baker, An Introduction to the Early History of Christian Doctrine (London, 1903).
Prantl, Geschichte der Logik (Leipzig, 1861); and the Histories of Philosophy; also the literature under the biographies of philosophers mentioned.
A fuller account will be found in the histories of Greece (e.g.
Espana, sue monumentos y aries, su naturaleza e histories is an illustrated series of 2!
Gillmore in 1895 under the title Literature of Theology; Indika: the Country and People of India and Ceylon (1891), the outgrowth of his travels in1884-1885when he held the conferences of India; and several church histories (Chautauqua text-books) published together as A Short History of the Christian Church (1893).
The public library had 228,500 volumes in 1908, including one of the best collections of state and town histories in the country.
But his chief interest is in the histories' of Duke Robert of Normandy, William Rufus and Henry I.
Chandler, &c., Ionian Antiquities (1769 ff.); Histories of Greek Sculpture by A.
In general, it appears that those narratives wherein the histories of Saul and David are combined-very much in the favour of the latterwere originally distinct from those where (a) Saul's figure is more in accord with the old poem from the Book of Jashar, and (b) where David's victories over prehistoric giants and his war like movements to Jerusalem pave the way for the foundation-from a particular Judaean standpoint-of his remarkably long dynasty.
431), from whom we gather that not only martyrdoms and Bible histories, but also symbols of the Trinity were in his day freely represented pictorially.
See also the account of this epoch in the Histories of Neander, Gibbon and Milman; Aug.
- See the histories of France, the Emigration, the Restoration and especially the very full bibliographies to chapters i., ii.
See SY Racuse (for the siege operations), commentaries on Thucydides and the Greek histories.
His favourite theories of the nature and aims of history, of the distinction between the universal and special histories, of the duties of an historian, sound as most of them are in themselves, are enforced with wearisome iteration; more than once the effect of a graphic picture is spoilt by obtrusive moralizing.
What is known as to the fortunes of his histories, and the reputation they enjoyed, fully bears out this conclusion.
14) he praises highly his accuracy in matters of chronology; and Cicero's younger contemporary, Marcus Brutus, was a devoted student of Polybius, and was engaged on the eve of the battle of Pharsalia in compiling an epitome of his histories (Suidas, s.v.; Plutarch, Brut.
In addition to his Histories Polybius was the author of the following smaller works: a life of Philopoemen (Polyb.
The geographical treatise, referred to by Geminus, is possibly identical with the thirty-fourth book of the Histories (Schweighauser, Praef.
- v.) of the Histories were first printed in a Latin translation by Nicholas Perotti in 1 473.
Harris, The Dioscuri in Christian Legend (1903), and The Cult of the Heavenly Twins (1906); the histories of Rome, Persia, Crusades, Mongols, &c.; Rubens Duval, Histoire politique, religieuse et litteraire d'Edesse jusqu'a la premiere croisade (1892), a useful compilation reprinted from the Journ.
(For its relation to the New Academy and to scepticism in general see Scepticism and Megarian School Of Philosophy.) See histories of philosophy by Zeller, Erdmann, Ueberweg; Ritter and Preller, § 364; Waddington, Pyrrhon et le pyrrhonisme (1877); Zimmermann, Darstellung d.
The literature is poor, and consists largely of romantic stories from the Malay, and religious treatises from the Arabic. Of the few original pieces the most important are the early histories of Goa, Tello and some other states of Celebes, and the Rapang, or collection of the decrees and maxims of the old.
His numerous works include histories of Arianism, the iconoclastic controversy, the Greek schism, Lutheranism, Calvinism, and of the pontificates of Leo I.
I keep our histories, record bloodlines, manage the deals that come in.
Tamer's gift: He was the keeper of the Immortal histories, records not even Rhyn knew about, that only Tamer could read with his magic.
The histories of humanity â€“ and Immortals â€“ were passed down from angel-to-angel in the form of memories. He'd heard them mentioned before but didn't know much about angels.
I found the histories written by the first warlord of Tiyan and his brother.
I pray to the gods it does not force me to destroy the histories, so that someday, someone will have the strength I lack.
The gifting of the necklace was like a proposal, only much more to the Guardians who gave the symbols of their families and histories to their chosen suitors.
Short descriptions and histories of around 100 mills, written by a noted antiquarian, Burnsian and, not least, miller.
Case Histories is the literary equivalent of a triple axel.
chancellors of the diocese which will be found in the county histories are some names which may be noted.
Includes carol histories, free sheet music, a Christmas music quiz, reviews, and mp3 sound clips.
remembering D-day: Personal Histories of Everyday Heroes Martin Bowman, published by HarperCollins.
detritus of the histories places contain.
discrepant findings undoubtedly result from reporting errors in the sibling histories.
This text details the histories of the remains of almost every closed distillery in Scotland.
Also local histories, of which Arthur Herman's The Scottish enlightenment is a gem.
This is expressed especially clearly in the ambiguity problems of the consistent histories formalism.
hypertension clinic of very strong family histories of the disease.
Neurofeedback News - A monthly summary of general news, case histories, and introductory articles about neurofeedback for the interested layperson.
microform holdings, personal papers, memoirs, oral histories, film footage, and photographs.
There have also been a few similar case histories with adults where they too have had spontaneous remission from AIDS.
self-justifying histories and from moral equations that excuse our folly.
Establish chironomid life histories and emergence patterns and relate to cape teal, black-necked grebe and hirundine dynamics.
Clearly, what is needed is a gathering of oral histories encompassing all forms of survivor testimony including sustained dialog.
yeoman service in getting the 9/11 oral histories released.
See histories of philosophy, especially F.
See also Teuffel and Ebert's histories of Latin literature.
For Douglas's career see, in addition to the public records and general histories, Bishop Sage's Life in Ruddiman's edition, and that by John Small in the first volume of his edition of the Works of Gavin Douglas (4 vols., 1874, the only collected edition of Douglas's works).
Plessis, Etudes critiques sur Properce et ses elegies (1886), and the sections on the poet in Teuffel's and Schanz's Histories of Roman Literature.
Beside the histories of philosophy, the article Cartesianism, and the above works, consult J.
The purely military aspect of Alexander's campaigns is treated in general histories of warfare (Rustow-Kochly, Bauer, Delbriick, Verdy du Vernois), and in special monographs by Hogarth, Journ.
His two historical works, the histories of Theodosius and of Ximenes, are more remarkable for elegance of style than for accuracy and comprehensive insight.
For their separate local histories and their dynasties, their wars and political relations with one another and with neighbouring countries, reference must be made to the separate articles Flanders, Holland, Brabant, Gelderland, Limburg, Luxemburg, Utrecht, Liege.
All the histories of the Reformation in Germany and all the lives of Luther deal at greater or shorter length with Tetzel; in the index to vol.
The general proposition as to a parallelism between individual and ancestral development is no doubt indisputable, but extended knowledge of the very different ontogenetic histories of closely allied forms has led us to a much fuller conception of the mode in which stages in embryonic and larval history have been modified in relation to their surroundings, and to a consequent reluctance to attach detailed importance to the embryological argument for evolution.
Besides the various histories of the time, see further details vol.
In Perkin Warbeck (printed 1634; probably acted a year later) he chose an historical subject of great dramatic promise and psychological interest, and sought to emulate the glory of the great series of Shakespeare's national histories.
On the characteristics of the Peisistratid tyranny see Greenidge, Handbook of Greek Constitutional History, pp. 26 sqq.; and the histories of Greece.
Winckler, whose works depart from the somewhat narrow limits of purely " Israelite " histories, emphasize the necessity of observing the characteristics of Oriental thought and policy, and are invaluable for discriminating students.
It is noteworthy, also, that an Ahaziah and a Jehoram appear as kings of Israel, and (in the reverse order) of Judah, and somewhat similar incidents recur in the now separate histories of the two kingdoms. The most striking is a great revolt in south Palestine.
The conflicting tendencies were incompatible, but Judaism retained the 2 See Hebrew Religion, § 8 seq., and the relevant portions of the histories of Israel.
The men of her own time exalted her to the skies, and the most extravagant estimates of her (as "the greatest woman in literary history," as the "foundress of the romantic movement," as representing "ideas," while her contemporary Chateaubriand only represented words, colours, and images, and so forth) are to be found in minor histories of literature.
The increasing veneration paid to the Prophet and love for the marvellous soon gave rise to fables about his childhood, his visit to heaven, &c., which have found their way even into sober histories, just as many Jewish legends told by the converted Jew Kai) al-Abbar and by Wahb ibn Monabbih, and many fables about the old princes of Yemen told by `Abid, are taken as genuine history (see, however, Mas`udi, iv.
Amongst his lost works may be mentioned: Ta µET' 'AAEavSpov, a history of the period succeeding Alexander, of which an epitome is preserved in Photius; histories of Bithynia, the Alani and the Parthian wars under Trajan; the lives of Timoleon of Syracuse, Dion of Syracuse and a famous brigand named Timoleon.
This famous work, which the author has the audacity to place on the same level with the histories of William of Malmesbury and Henry of Huntingdon, professes to be a translation from a Celtic source; "a very old book in the British tongue" which Walter, archdeacon of Oxford, had brought from Brittany.
In addition the Histories of the Apostolic Age, by Hausrath, Weizsacker, McGiffert, Bartlet, Ropes and others, and the kindred works of Baur, Schwegler and Pfleiderer should be consulted.
Besides the histories of post-Kantian philosophy by Erdmann, Fortlage (whose account is remarkably good), Michelet, Biedermann and others, see Wm.
Many townships have published their local records, and many township and county histories contain valuable matter of general interest (e.g.
C. Lacretelle's chief work is a series of histories of the 18th century, the Revolution and its sequel: PrÃ©cis historique de la Revolution francaise, appended to the history of Rabaud St Etienne, and partly written in the prison of La Force (5 vols., 1801-1806); Histoire de France pendant le X VIII' siecle (6 vols., 1808); Histoire de l'Assemblee Constituante (2 vols., 1821); L'Assemblee Legislative (1822); La Convention Nationale (3 vols., 1824-1825); Histoire de France depuis la restauration (1829-1835); Histoire du consulat et de l'empire (4 vols., 1846).
(A) In external features the group is far from homogeneous, a fact which has led to their being disintegrated as a group in certain histories of early Christian literature (e.g.
- On Nestorius, in addition to the modern literature cited in the article, and the standard histories of dogma (A.
Historical work has been produced by Hirschberg, Pappee, Sobieski, Czermak and others, and the histories of Polish literature by Stanislaus Tarnowski and Piotr Chmielowski are of the highest value, the former dealing more with the aesthetic side of literature and the latter with the historical.
- The lives of all the early kings of Spain will be found in the general histories (see the article SPAIN: Authorities), of which the most trustworthy is the Anales de la Corona de Aragon, by Geronimo Zurita (Saragossa, 1610).
Similar to the last in popular character, vast in bulk and loose in method, are a series of Biographical and Pictorial Histories, covering the different sections of the state (1 vol.
at Naples in 1820 and 1821 (London, 1821); for the later period of his life see the general histories of the Risorgimento, and the biographical sketch in vol.
9 According to Plutarch, Cato the elder wrote histories for the use of his son, 151a ecpi ce'yaXocs (cf.
Persian writers have given us, besides, an immense variety of universal histories of the world, with many curious and noteworthy data (see, among others, Mirkhonds and Khwandamirs works under MIRKHOND); histories of Mahomet and the first caliphs, partly translated from Arabic originals, which have been lost; detailed accounts of all the Persian dynasties, from the Ghaznevids to the still reigning Kajars, of Jenghiz Khan and the Moguls (in Juwainis and Wa~fs elaborate Tarlkhs), and
Persian writers have given us, besides, an immense variety of universal histories of the world, with many curious and noteworthy data (see, among others, Mirkhonds and Khwandamirs works under MIRKHOND); histories of Mahomet and the first caliphs, partly translated from Arabic originals, which have been lost; detailed accounts of all the Persian dynasties, from the Ghaznevids to the still reigning Kajars, of Jenghiz Khan and the Moguls (in Juwainis and Wa~fs elaborate Tarlkhs), and of TImr and his successors (see an account of the Zafarnama under PETIS DE LA CRoIx); histories of sects and creeds, especially the famous Dohiistdn, or School of Manners (translated by Shea and Troyer, Paris 1843); and many local chronicles of Iran and Turan.
In actual picturesqueness as well as in general veracity of picture, the book cannot approach Carlyle's; while as a mere chronicle of the events it is inferior to half a dozen prosaic histories older and younger than itself.
Such was the conspiracy of Catiline and the character of its author, as we find them in the speeches of Cicero, and the histories of Sallust and Dio Cassius (see also Plutarch, Cicero; Vell.