Hernias Sentence Examples
Hernias occur in 1 percent of the general population; 85 percent of children with hernias are male.
These bowel injuries occurred in patients with recurrent hernias secondary to previous prolene mesh repair.
However, recurrence of hernias has been reported to occur in 15% or more cases and postoperative pain and disability are frequent.
Children may have a tendency to develop hernias or other organ shifts within the abdomen.
Exstrophy can involve the rectum and large bowel and coexist with hernias.Advertisement
Children with undescended testes are also more likely to develop hernias and have problems with their urinary tract.
Mechanical obstruction can also result from hernias, fecal impaction, abnormal tissue growth, the presence of foreign bodies in the intestines, or inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn's disease).
Mechanical obstruction in infants under one year of age can be caused by meconium ileus, volvulus, intussusception, and hernias.
Hernias are weaknesses in the abdominal wall that can trap a portion of intestine (incarceration) and cut off the passage of food and waste through the digestive tract.
These inguinal hernias easily become incarcerated, trapping the bowel and causing obstruction.Advertisement
In most cases, the incarcerated hernias are corrected manually rather than surgically by pushing the incarcerated bowel back up into the abdominal cavity.
Inguinal hernias occur in 1-5 percent of infants, with a male to female ratio of nine to one.
Hernias, if present, are repaired to correct the obstruction.
There are many different types of hernias in children.
The most common are direct inguinal hernias, indirect inguinal hernias, and umbilical hernias.Advertisement
Omphalocele and gastroschisis are considered abdominal wall defects and are not called hernias.
Children with diaphragmatic hernias are usually very ill and require immediate treatment after birth.
Estimates of the true incidence of inguinal hernias vary, but they may affect 1-5 percent of all births in the United States.
Males are more than seven times more likely to have an inguinal hernia than females, and premature infants are more likely than full term infants to have inguinal hernias and to have incarcerated hernias.
While inguinal hernias seem to affect all racial groups at the same rate, umbilical hernias occur more frequently in African Americans.Advertisement
Diaphragmatic hernias occur in approximately one in every 3,000 births.
These hernias do not seem to affect any race or nationality more than another.
The main symptom of inguinal hernias (both direct and indirect) in infants is an obvious bulge in the groin in the inguinoscrotal region (near the scrotum) in boys and in the inguinolabial (near the labia) in girls.
These hernias are usually small and have no symptoms other than a small protrusion near the base of the umbilical cord.
Like inguinal hernias, diaphragmatic hernias are caused early in fetal development.Advertisement
Umbilical and inguinal hernias are diagnosed by physical examination.
In children with less severe diaphragmatic hernias, the diagnosis may be made later in childhood if the child develops intestinal obstructions.
The standard treatment for inguinal hernias is a surgical repair called herniorrhaphy.
Unlike umbilical hernias, inguinal hernias do not resolve spontaneously.
Because of the risk of incarceration and strangulation, most doctors prefer to repair these hernias as soon after the initial diagnosis as possible.
Most newborns with diaphragmatic hernias require intubation and ventilation.
Occasionally there are complications associated with inguinal hernias including death, but these are rare, occurring most often in children who were diagnosed later in childhood or whose hernias were strangulated.
Children with diaphragmatic hernias have an increased incidence of chromic lung disease.
The exact cause of umbilical hernias, inguinal hernias, and diaphragmatic hernias is as of 2004 unknown.
This happens when the bowel twists on itself (volvulus) or as the result of hernias, impacted feces, abnormal tissue growth, or the presence of foreign bodies in the intestines.
Some children have such greatly increased abdominal pressure during coughing that hernias result.
The terms 'tight girdle syndrome' and 'Sommerring Syndrome' began to be used to describe hiatal hernias of the stomach seen with tight undergarments using modern medical tools.
For abdominal hernias, you will have to use a compression device that wraps around the torso, but even this will not be too obvious under clothes.
If not, any exercise of an aerobic nature that does not cause the hernias to bulge outwards is suitable.
It accounts for 6% of all abdominal wall hernias.
Here it is followed by the Shepherd of Hernias, while in an 11th-century MS., which contains also the Didache, it is followed by two writings which themselves form an appendix to the New Testament in the Codex Alexandrinus.
The Shepherd of Hernias knows nothing of the single bishop; the churches are under the control of a body of presbyter-bishops.