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gut

gut

gut Sentence Examples

  • Darian moved closer, gut sinking.

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  • She should probably listen to her gut feeling about this.

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  • Alondra was still a big question mark, but her gut said no to that idea too.

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  • I just took a few gut punches, that's all.

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  • His gut twisted as raw emotion crossed Jade's face.

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  • After more gut wrenching waiting the word came in.

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  • The words made his gut twist.

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  • Maybe she was spooked tonight, but long ago she had learned to listen to that instinct... gut feeling, some might call it.

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  • The bird's liver receives nearly all the blood from the stomach, gut, pancreas and spleen, as well as from the left liver itself, into the right hepatic lobe, by a right and left portal vein.

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  • She waited for Jonny, her gut twisting in fear.

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  • The sound made her gut twist and her chest tighten.

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  • I had a gut feeling that we needed to leave.

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  • Taran strode away, turmoil making his gut clench.

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  • They might balk at getting on an airline flight flown by a computer and prefer having a pilot on board to take over if he "feels in his gut" that something is wrong (even if that feeling is the airport burrito he had for lunch).

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  • Maybe there was nothing going on, but gut instinct said there was a story here – something big.

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  • His gut twisted at the idea of never again seeing her bright smile, holding her, smelling her sweet scent.

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  • She'd always wanted to be a financial planner, and the thought of becoming a socialite with no real responsibilities made her gut sink.

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  • His gut twisted and he desired only one thing–escape.

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  • The gut wrenching pain left him unable to process any rational thought.

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  • If you'd spend as much time chasing after the truth as you do trying to convince your gut instincts they're wrong maybe we'd get somewhere.

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  • She recognized the inky blackness swimming in his green eyes and felt her gut twist.

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  • Further, it is pointed out by Korschelt and Heider that the hinder portion of the gut frequently acts in Arthropoda as an organ of nitrogenous excretion in the absence of any special excretory tubules, and that the production of such caeca from its surface in separate lines of descent does not involve any elaborate or unlikely process of growth.

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  • Maybe it was the intrigue, or maybe it was that gut feeling that something wasn't as it appeared.

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  • The body wall of the Chaetopoda consists of a "dermo-muscular" tube which is separated from the gut by the coelom and its peritoneal walls, except in most leeches.

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  • She downed a mouthful, grimacing at the burn that went down her throat and all the way to her gut.

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  • Her eyes watered while a sense of doom settled in her gut.

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  • the gut.

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  • e, Hind gut.

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  • The third body region or trunk may attain a great length, one or two feet, or even more, and is also muscular, but the truncal muscles are of subordinate importance in locomotion, serving principally to promote the peristaltic contractions of the body by which the food is carried through the gut.

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  • Limulus agrees with the majority of the Crustacea in being destitute of renal excretory caeca or tubes opening into the hinder part of the gut.

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  • Of these latter, two grades were further distinguished by Lankester - those which remain possessed of a single archenteric cavity and of two primary cell-layers (the Coelentera or Diploblastica), and those which by nipping off the archenteron give rise to two cavities, the coelom or body-cavity and the metenteron or gut (Coelomata or Triploblastica).

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  • Between the blind gut and the cuticle is a reticular branched tissue which forms the chief substance of the body.

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  • A, Dorsal view showing the nervous system and digestive system; a, mouth; b, pharynx; c, d, e, gut; E, post-genital union of two limbs of gut; f, excretory pore; g, vaginal pore; h, j, k, brain and nerves; 1, dorsal nerves; m, ventral nerves; n, adoral sucker; o, posterior sucker; p, hooks on posterior sucker; r, vitello-intestinal duct.

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  • The word is particularly used of the cord of a bow, and of the stretched cords of gut and wire upon a musical instrument, the vibration of which.

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  • The apical end of the rotifer usually narrows suddenly beyond the curve of the gut and the cloacal aperture to form the foot of pseudopodium which ends in an organ of attachment, a pair of movable toes, each with the opening of a cement-gland (gl) at its tip. Thus for orientation we place the rotifer like the cuttle-fish, head downwards: the ciliated disk is basal or oral, proximal to the rest of the animal, the foot is apical, and the brain and cloacal aperture are anterodorsal.

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  • - Diagram of morphological rela veloped mouth, gut and tions of Rotifera.

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  • Gut blind (Paraseison), or opening into cloaca (Seison).

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  • Drilophagus and Albertia are parasitic on the surface or within the gut of Naid Oligochaete worms: Seisonaceae are ectoparasitic on the Crustacean Nebalia, Proales werneckii forms galls within the Conferva Vaucheria, and P. parasita infests the central jelly of the Phytoflagellate Volvox; P. petromyzon is a frequent commensal in the gill cavity of some Cladoceran Crustacean Eurycereus lamellatus.

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  • the labial tentacles and walls of the gut - very fine vessels with endothelial cell-lining are found.

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  • Unlike the cells of Protozoa, these embryonic cells of the Metazoa do not remain each like its neighbour and capable of independent life, but proceed to arrange themselves into two layers, taking the form of a sac. The cavity of the two-cell-layered sac or diblastula thus formed is the primitive gut or arch-enteron.

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  • In the Coelomata, on the other hand, there is another cavity, dividing the body-wall into two layers: an internal layer surrounding the gut, and an external layer.

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  • This cavity is excavated in a third mass of cells distinct from the cells lining the gut, forming the endoderm, and the cells covering the surface of the body, the ectoderm.

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  • Advantage is taken of this peculiarity to prepare from fully developed larvae silkworm gut used for casting lines in rodfishing, and for numerous other purposes where lightness, tenacity, flexibility and strength are essential.

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  • The board is then exposed to the sunlight till the lines dry and harden into the condition of gut.

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  • The preparation of gut is, however, merely an unimportant collateral manufacture.

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  • means of conveying superfluous yolk to the gut, where it may serve as food.

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  • an apical senseorgan, a simple gut, protonephridia and schizocoele.

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  • The grounds for this view are the radial symmetry of several Polyclads and the supposed origin of gonads and excretory flame-cells from the walls of gut, the occurrence of nematocysts in Anonymus, one of the most radially constructed Polyclads, and lastly the presence of two peculiar animals Ctenoplana and Coeloplana, which suggests a transition from Ctenophora to Polyclads.

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  • The careful study of the development of one Acoelous form and of certain Rhabdocoels has strengthened this hypothesis by showing that no definite enteron or gut is at first laid down, but that certain embryonic syncytial tracts become digestive tracts, others excretory, others again muscular.

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  • In some species of Dinophilus there is pronounced sexual dimorphism (the male being small and without gut) as in the Rotifera.

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  • As food particles pass in through the mouth they become enveloped in a slimy substance (secreted by the endostyle) and conveyed down the gut by the action of the vibratile cilia as a continuous food-rope, the peristaltic movements of the gut-wall being very feeble.

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  • In the same region of the body, namely, close behind the pharynx, a large diverticulum is given off from the ventral side of the gut.

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  • The whole length of the alimentary canal is provided, as a rule, with muscular fibres, both circular and longitudinal, running in its walls, and, in addition, there may be muscle-bands running between the gut and the body-wall.

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  • Some of the more striking of these features are confined to Synaptidae; in that family too the absence of the radial water-vessels from the adult is correlated with continuity of the circular muscle-layer, while the gut runs almost straight from the anterior mouth to the posterior anus.

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  • It might be possible to prove the origin of all classes from Pelmatozoa, without thereby explaining the origin of such fundamental features as radial symmetry, the developmental metamorphosis, and the torsion that affects both gut and body-cavities during that process; but the acceptance of a Dipleurula as the common ancestor necessitates an explanation of these features.

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  • It is reasonable to suppose that the Coelomata - animals in which the body-cavity is divided into a gut passing from mouth to anus and a hollow (coelom) surrounding it - were derived from the simpler Coelentera, in which the primitive body-cavity (archenteron) is not so divided, and has only one aperture serving as both mouth and anus.

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  • The evolution of this cavity into a gut is foreshadowed in some Coelentera by the elliptical shape of the aperture, and by the development at its ends of a ciliated channel along which food is swept; we have only to suppose the approximation of the sides of the ellipse and their eventual fusion, to complete the transformation of the radially symmetrical Coelenterate into a bilaterally symmetrical Coelomate with mouth and anus at opposite ends of the long axis.

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  • Thus the bilateral symmetry would have been accentuated, and the organism shaped more definitely into three segments, namely (r) a preoral segment or lobe, containing the anterior coelomic cavity; (2) a middle segment, containing the gut, and the two middle coelomic cavities; (3) a posterior segment, containing the posterior coelomic cavity, which, however, owing to the backward prolongation of the anus, became divided into two - a right and left posterior coelom.

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  • As it passed up along the left side, the gut caught hold of the left water-sac and pulled it upwards, curving it in the process; this being attached to the left duct from the anterior body-cavity, this structure with its water-pore was also pulled up, and the pore came to lie between mouth and anus.

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  • As the gut ti s.

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  • Thus in them the mouth and anus reverted to opposite poles, and only the torsion of the gut and coelom, and the radial extensions FIG.

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  • The comparative anatomy of living forms, combined with the evolutionary hypothesis sketched above, suggests that the early holothurians possessed the following characters: subvective grooves entirely closed; 5 radial canals, proceeding from the water-ring, gave off branches furnished with ampullae to the podia on each side of them, the 10 anterior podia being changed into cylindrical tentacles; the transverse muscles of the body-wall formed a circular layer, probably interrupted at the radii (though Ludwig believes the contrary); longitudinal muscles as paired radial bands, without those special retractors for withdrawing the anterior part of the body which occur in many recent forms; a hydropore connected with the water-ring by a canal in the dorsal mesentery; a gonopore behind the hydropore connected by a single duct with a bunch of genital pouches on each side of the mesentery; gut dextrally coiled, with a simple blood-vascular system, and with an enlargement at the anus for respiration, this eventually producing branched caeca called "respiratory trees"; skeleton reduced to a ring of 5 radial and 5 interradial plates round the gullet, and small plates, with a hexagonally meshed network, dispersed through the integument.

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  • - Eleutherozoa with a test of roughly circular, subpentagonal or elliptical outline, spheroidal, domed or flattened, of primary pentameric symmetry affecting all systems of organs except the gut.

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  • The Malpighian tubes of Hexapods are outgrowths of the proctodaeum, but those of Scorpion and the Amphipod Crustacea are part of the metenteron or endodermal gut, though originating near its junction with the proctodaeum.

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  • (h) The muscles of the body-wall and gut do not consist of transversely-striped muscular fibre, but of the unstriped tissue observed also in Chaetopoda.

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  • The dorsal part of the somite has travelled dorsalwards, and now constitutes a small space (triangular in section) just dorsal to the gut.

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  • The internal vesicle is already indicated, and is shown in the diagram by the thinner black line: I, gut; 2, somite; 2', nephridial part of coelom; 3, haemocoele; 3', part of haemocoele which will form the heart - the part of the haemocoele on each side of this will form the pericardium; 4, nerve-cord; 4, slime glands.

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  • Alondra was still a big question mark, but her gut said no to that idea too.

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  • She should probably listen to her gut feeling about this.

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  • Maybe it was the intrigue, or maybe it was that gut feeling that something wasn't as it appeared.

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  • Maybe there was nothing going on, but gut instinct said there was a story here – something big.

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  • After more gut wrenching waiting the word came in.

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  • His gut twisted at the idea of never again seeing her bright smile, holding her, smelling her sweet scent.

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  • She waited for Jonny, her gut twisting in fear.

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  • The sound made her gut twist and her chest tighten.

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  • I just took a few gut punches, that's all.

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  • Maybe she was spooked tonight, but long ago she had learned to listen to that instinct... gut feeling, some might call it.

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  • She downed a mouthful, grimacing at the burn that went down her throat and all the way to her gut.

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  • His gut twisted as raw emotion crossed Jade's face.

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  • The immortals in the cell block threw out their best offers, and she couldn't help the sense of terror settling into her gut.

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  • She'd always wanted to be a financial planner, and the thought of becoming a socialite with no real responsibilities made her gut sink.

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  • His gut twisted and he desired only one thing–escape.

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  • The gut wrenching pain left him unable to process any rational thought.

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  • I had a gut feeling that we needed to leave.

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  • If you'd spend as much time chasing after the truth as you do trying to convince your gut instincts they're wrong maybe we'd get somewhere.

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  • Darian moved closer, gut sinking.

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  • She recognized the inky blackness swimming in his green eyes and felt her gut twist.

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  • Her eyes watered while a sense of doom settled in her gut.

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  • Taran strode away, turmoil making his gut clench.

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  • The words made his gut twist.

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  • absorbed in the gut.

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  • absorbed from the gut?

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  • The formulation includes vitamin D to promote calcium absorption in the gut.

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  • aetiologyeases: A major interest is in the etiology of chronic gut disorder.

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  • antispasmodic medicines These are medicines that relax the muscles in the wall of the gut.

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  • bacterium DNA should transfer to bacteria in the human gut is not at all unexpected.

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  • bifurcated gut is not branched, unlike, for example, Fasciola.

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  • bleeding from the gut, or drowsiness and coma, can cause complications.

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  • Intestinal colonization botulism results from colonization of the gut by vegetative cells.

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  • Also, raw bran can simply clog up the gut, making constipation more likely.

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  • busting a gut we quite quickly closed up on the van.

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  • gelatin capsules dissolve easily in the stomach, releasing the medicine which is absorbed from the gut into the bloodstream.

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  • A natural colon cleanser, stimulating the gut to expel waste Citrus fruit, berries Why?

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  • clostridium difficile does occur naturally in the gut of some people.

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  • It is very similar to the one produced by the gut bug clostridium, which causes chronic diarrhea.

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  • Expansion of the extra-embryonic coelom cavity allows the yolk sac and allantois to expand into the coelom cavity allows the yolk sac and allantois to expand into the coelom cavity from the gut of the embryo.

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  • colon cleanser, stimulating the gut to expel waste Citrus fruit, berries Why?

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  • composition of the gut flora to one less prone to produce carcinogens.

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  • Because of its effect on increasing blood flow to the gut, spinal anesthesia reduces the incidence of anastomotic dehiscence.

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  • He says: " clostridium difficile does occur naturally in the gut of some people.

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  • digested by enzymes in our gut.

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  • digest the excess starch producing stronger acids than would normally exist in the hind gut.

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  • DNA from a virus fed to mice has been found to resist digestion in the gut.

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  • digestion in the gut.

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  • Some of the blood vessels have collapsed post mortem and the gut lumen is often distended with gas.

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  • If you have functional dyspepsia, the inside of your gut looks normal.

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  • elucidate the role of the gut in the pathogenesis of multisystem organ failure.

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  • enteric neurones seen in the aging gut may be related to increased vulnerability to oxidative stress.

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  • Control To prevent an outbreak of necrotic enteritis, the aim is to maintain a healthy, stable gut environment.

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  • The viruses colonize the gut mucosa and provoke antibody formation both in the blood stream and in the gut epithelium.

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  • The way that the plant stanol ester in Benecol works is by blocking the absorption of cholesterol from the gut.

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  • eversible proboscis lying dorsal to the gut, which is used to catch prey.

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  • My gut feeling from many years of varied vehicles is that 30 mpg is fine for this auto vehicle.

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  • These bacteria are often also referred to as the ' gut flora ' .

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  • Her problems included gastritis and over production of Clostridia in the gut.

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  • gelatin capsules dissolve easily in the stomach, releasing the medicine which is absorbed from the gut into the bloodstream.

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  • Having a constant gnawing in your gut and hallucinations about pork rinds is not a merry thing.

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  • grandstand seats anchored in the Leigh Gut.

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  • The nematode enters the bodies of vine weevil grubs, infecting them with a fatal bacterial disease from its gut.

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  • gut bacteria and, if so, did it matter?

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  • Without busting a gut we quite quickly closed up on the van.

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  • See also screen design, scouring velocity Tapeworms Parasites that infect the gut of the fish.

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  • It may also help those with the ' leaky gut ' syndrome.

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  • It is the passing of undigested starch on to the hind gut which causes the main problems.

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  • There are many causes, ranging from simple indigestion to a twisted gut.

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  • gut instinct is that God is the Word, whether made flesh or made into a bible.

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  • gut microflora and their role in metabolism.

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  • gut motility.

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  • gut flora ' .

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  • gut lumen.

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  • gut feeling is to rent a city center flat for a year or two.

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  • Mareike Herda Ja, die Arbeit gefÃllt mir gut, aber ich mag nicht in Berlin wohnen.

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  • Not what you would call athletic, perhaps, but no beer gut to speak of.

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  • gut of bee larvae is relevant here.

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  • hind gut, where it can be used most effectively.

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  • You've got to go with your gut instinct.

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  • But until now the way in which haem iron was taken up in the gut had been unknown.

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  • quarterly journal, gut reaction covers a wide variety of topics relating to IBS.

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  • Find out how to gut and smoke herring to make the famous Manx kippers.

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  • lactobacillus Acidophilus also manufactures small amounts of vitamins which are then absorbed by the gut.

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  • leaky gut ' syndrome.

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  • Sandflies and the transmission of the tropical disease leishmaniasis of sandfly gut infected with Leishmania parasites.

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  • High protein diets for example increase the number of clostridia present in the gut lumen.

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  • The Cry gene toxins target specific insect cell receptor proteins and create pores that lead to osmotic lysis of the insect gut cells.

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  • Probiotic bacteria modulate the immune system and provide an ecological balance in the gut that excludes disease-causing microbes.

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  • They found that gut microbes can open the ' ' gates ' ' fat uses to enter the body's fat cells.

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  • Eating plenty of live yogurt restores proper gut microflora, which is extremely important for our general health.

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  • Investigate the role of the human gut microflora in health and disease.

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  • Unfortunately, the deer that have been grazing in spring pastures don't have the gut microorganisms necessary to digest this food.

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  • mimosa pudica Sensitive Plant This thorny plant is injurious to the gut of animals which eat it (Burkill 1935 ).

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  • mir gut, danke Where are you from?

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  • I'm fine thanks: Es geht mir gut, danke Where are you from?

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  • The molecule prevents Plasmodium, the malaria mosquito, from moving from the mosquito's gut to its salivary glands.

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  • The organisms penetrate the gut mucosa via Peyer's patches and multiply within intestinal lymph nodes.

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  • It also continues to duplicate in the gut mucosa, making antiretroviral therapy for immune function less effective.

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  • multiplyected animals it multiplies in the gut, forming tiny spores called oocysts, which are excreted in feces in very large numbers.

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  • muss man es gut lernen wollen!

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  • Potassium - Adaptive processes increase potassium secretion in the distal nephron (collecting tubules) and also in the gut.

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  • The enteric nervous system controls the gut functions and sensory neuron transmitters all over the body relay message back to these systems.

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  • Antimicrobial effect of acidified nitrite on gut pathogens: importance of dietary nitrate in host defense.

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  • oesophagusr gut includes the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum.

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  • Etiology of aspiration pneumonia The organisms involved in aspiration pneumonia are generally those colonizing the upper oropharynx and gut.

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  • gut parasites are of great importance in birds of prey.

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  • parasympathetic stimulation of gut muscle.

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  • Once in your gut they get to work to displace and then devour any opportunistic pathogens.

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  • This may cause a perforation of the gut lining or an obstruction.

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  • Mr Shattock believes that low levels of IAG may be caused by increased gut permeability resulting from the presence of measles virus.

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  • phenol levels uses up more than the usual amounts of the ' free sulfate ' which is held in the gut.

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  • physique in the mirror, suck in your gut, look for pecs.

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  • The molecule prevents plasmodium, the malaria mosquito, from moving from the mosquito's gut to its salivary glands.

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  • Bowel cancers can develop from small growths in the gut, called polyps.

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  • Effect of passage through duck gut on germination of fennel pondweed seeds.

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  • pulls in the punters so they bust a gut to out do their opposition.

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  • punch in the gut, not so much in a negative way but a big shock.

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  • quarterly journal, gut reaction covers a wide variety of topics relating to IBS.

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  • We make gut and wire strings for the harp, and gut strings for tennis, badminton and squash racquets.

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  • Cholestyramine can help the small proportion of IBS sufferers who have diarrhea secondary to impaired handling of bile salts within the gut.

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  • stabbed in the chest, gut and legs.

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  • The commonest cause of GI problems in companion rabbits is if the gut slows down and stops - gastrointestinal stasis or " ileus " .

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  • gut stasis can help to be prevented - simply by the feeding of good quality hay.

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  • At least 50 per cent of patients complain of vague stomachaches or other gut symptoms.

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  • Stranger Gut Buster Gut Buster with a random stranger Gut Buster Gut Buster with a random stranger!

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  • This specimen had over 100 tapeworms in its gut.

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  • Some tissues may have higher titres earlier than brain tissue eg gut, hence these are best avoided from British sources.

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  • Secondly an increased gut transit time means that toxins normally confined to the small bowel can irritate and inflame the more sensitive colonic mucosa.

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  • trypanosome life cycle in the fly is regulated by symbiotic bacteria in its gut into which it is possible to insert foreign genes.

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  • vine weevil grubs, infecting them with a fatal bacterial disease from its gut.

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  • The crystal violet appeared to stain some food at the beginning of the gut.

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  • weevil grubs, infecting them with a fatal bacterial disease from its gut.

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  • Probiotic yogurts Do the bacteria in these yogurts really help your gut?

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  • The bird's liver receives nearly all the blood from the stomach, gut, pancreas and spleen, as well as from the left liver itself, into the right hepatic lobe, by a right and left portal vein.

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  • The body wall of the Chaetopoda consists of a "dermo-muscular" tube which is separated from the gut by the coelom and its peritoneal walls, except in most leeches.

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  • In addition to the coelom, another system of fluid-holding spaces lies between the body wall and the gut in the Chaetopoda.

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  • The principal trunks consist of a dorsal vessel lying above the gut, and a ventral vessel below the gut but above the nervous cord.

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  • Sternaspis, the gut is coiled.

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  • the gut.

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  • 15 and 16) show the gut, the nervous system, &c., lying in a spacious chamber which is the coelom.

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  • There is a spacious cavity surrounding the gut and containing also bloodvessels, and to some extent the generative organs.

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  • These septa are, however, rather incomplete and are not fastened to the gut; and, as in Acanthobdella, the nephridia are embedded vv FIG.

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  • The gut has no coelomic space surrounding it.

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  • A crop-like dilatation of the gut and a recurved intestine, embedded in the compact yellowish-brown liver, the ducts of which open into it, form the rest of the digestive tract and occupy a large bulk of the visceral hump. The buccal region presents a pair of shelly jaws placed laterally upon the lips, and a wide range of variation in the form of the denticles of the lingual ribbon or radula.

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  • e, Hind gut.

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  • stated that in the Muscidae, while the anterior endoderm-rudiment The embryo is invaginated into the yolk, but the surface edges of arises as Kowalevsky had observed, the posterior part of the " midthe blastoderm do not close over, so that a groove or pore puts gut " has its origin as a direct outgrowth from the proctodaeum.

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  • The third body region or trunk may attain a great length, one or two feet, or even more, and is also muscular, but the truncal muscles are of subordinate importance in locomotion, serving principally to promote the peristaltic contractions of the body by which the food is carried through the gut.

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  • Not only is the coelom thus subdivided, but the enteron (gut, alimentary canal, digestive tube) itself shows indications of three main subsections in continuity with one another: - (I) proboscis-gut (Eicheldarm, stomochord, vide infra); (2) collar-gut (buccal cavity, throat); (3) truncal gut extending from the collar to the vent.

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  • Although an integral portion of the gut, it has ceased to assist in alimentation, its epithelium undergoes vacuolar differentiation and hypertrophy, and its lumen becomes more or less vestigial.

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  • Correlated with the presence of the genital pleurae there is a pair of vascular folds of the basement membrane proceeding from the dorsal wall of the gut in the postbranchial portion of the branchio-genital region, and from the dorsal angles made by the pleural folds with the body-wall in the pharyngeal region; they pass, in their most fully developed condition, to the free border of the genital pleurae.

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  • In the direct development Bateson showed that the three divisions of the coelom arise as pouches constricted off from the archenteron or primitive gut, thus resembling the development of the mesoblastic somites of Amphioxus.

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  • His writings in their chronological order are as follows: Die Geburt der Tragödie aus dem Geiste der Musik (1872); UnzeitgemÃsse Betrachtungen (1873-1876) (Strauss - Vom Nutzen und Nachteil der Historie für das Leben - Schopenhauer als Erzieher - Richard Wagner in Bayreuth); Menschliches, Allzumenschliches (1876-1880); Morgenröte (1881); Die fröhliche Wissenschaft (1882); Also sprach Zarathustra (1883-1884); Jenseits von Gut und Böse (1886); Zur Genealogie der Moral (1887); Der Fall Wagner (1888); GotzendÃmmerung (1888); Nietzsche contra Wagner, Der Antichrist, and Poems first appeared in the complete edition of his works, which also contains the notes for Wille our Macht, in which Nietzsche had intended to give a more systematic account of his doctrine (1895-1901).

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  • There is a submarine depot at Pennar Gut, and also accommodation for artillery and infantry.

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  • Limulus agrees with the majority of the Crustacea in being destitute of renal excretory caeca or tubes opening into the hinder part of the gut.

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  • that portion of the gut which is formed by the hypoblast, whereas in Hexapod insects the similar caecal tubes are developed from the proctodaeum or in -pushed portion of the gut which is formed from epiblast.

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  • In fact it is not possible to maintain that the renal excretory tubes of the gut are of one common origin in the Arthropoda.

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  • Further, it is pointed out by Korschelt and Heider that the hinder portion of the gut frequently acts in Arthropoda as an organ of nitrogenous excretion in the absence of any special excretory tubules, and that the production of such caeca from its surface in separate lines of descent does not involve any elaborate or unlikely process of growth.

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  • pro, The proctodaeum or portion of gut leading to anus and formed embryologically by an inversion of the epiblast at that orifice.

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  • Of these latter, two grades were further distinguished by Lankester - those which remain possessed of a single archenteric cavity and of two primary cell-layers (the Coelentera or Diploblastica), and those which by nipping off the archenteron give rise to two cavities, the coelom or body-cavity and the metenteron or gut (Coelomata or Triploblastica).

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  • It is the opening of Laurer's canal and is homologous not with that of the "vagina" just mentioned, but with a totally distinct structure - the "yolkreceptacle" - which in ectoparasitic forms discharges into the gut instead of to the exterior (see fig.

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  • Between the blind gut and the cuticle is a reticular branched tissue which forms the chief substance of the body.

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  • Thus in ectoparasitic Trematodes, the paired vagina transmits spermatozoa to the egg: and a canal carries off yolk from this point of junction either to the gut for resorption or to the exterior for exudation.

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  • A, Dorsal view showing the nervous system and digestive system; a, mouth; b, pharynx; c, d, e, gut; E, post-genital union of two limbs of gut; f, excretory pore; g, vaginal pore; h, j, k, brain and nerves; 1, dorsal nerves; m, ventral nerves; n, adoral sucker; o, posterior sucker; p, hooks on posterior sucker; r, vitello-intestinal duct.

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  • The word is particularly used of the cord of a bow, and of the stretched cords of gut and wire upon a musical instrument, the vibration of which.

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  • The simple nerve-ganglion or brain (g) lies on the anterodorsal side of the pharynx, and by its position determines the orientation of the animal, the cloacal opening lying on the same side, and the course of the gut being" neural."The sense organs are a pair of pigmented eyes (oc), and two pairs of antennae, one anterior proximal and near the wreath, the other distal and usually more or less lateral.

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  • The apical end of the rotifer usually narrows suddenly beyond the curve of the gut and the cloacal aperture to form the foot of pseudopodium which ends in an organ of attachment, a pair of movable toes, each with the opening of a cement-gland (gl) at its tip. Thus for orientation we place the rotifer like the cuttle-fish, head downwards: the ciliated disk is basal or oral, proximal to the rest of the animal, the foot is apical, and the brain and cloacal aperture are anterodorsal.

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  • - Diagram of morphological rela veloped mouth, gut and tions of Rotifera.

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  • Gut blind (Paraseison), or opening into cloaca (Seison).

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  • Drilophagus and Albertia are parasitic on the surface or within the gut of Naid Oligochaete worms: Seisonaceae are ectoparasitic on the Crustacean Nebalia, Proales werneckii forms galls within the Conferva Vaucheria, and P. parasita infests the central jelly of the Phytoflagellate Volvox; P. petromyzon is a frequent commensal in the gill cavity of some Cladoceran Crustacean Eurycereus lamellatus.

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  • the labial tentacles and walls of the gut - very fine vessels with endothelial cell-lining are found.

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  • Unlike the cells of Protozoa, these embryonic cells of the Metazoa do not remain each like its neighbour and capable of independent life, but proceed to arrange themselves into two layers, taking the form of a sac. The cavity of the two-cell-layered sac or diblastula thus formed is the primitive gut or arch-enteron.

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  • In the Coelomata, on the other hand, there is another cavity, dividing the body-wall into two layers: an internal layer surrounding the gut, and an external layer.

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  • This cavity is excavated in a third mass of cells distinct from the cells lining the gut, forming the endoderm, and the cells covering the surface of the body, the ectoderm.

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  • Advantage is taken of this peculiarity to prepare from fully developed larvae silkworm gut used for casting lines in rodfishing, and for numerous other purposes where lightness, tenacity, flexibility and strength are essential.

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  • The board is then exposed to the sunlight till the lines dry and harden into the condition of gut.

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  • The preparation of gut is, however, merely an unimportant collateral manufacture.

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  • means of conveying superfluous yolk to the gut, where it may serve as food.

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  • an apical senseorgan, a simple gut, protonephridia and schizocoele.

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  • The grounds for this view are the radial symmetry of several Polyclads and the supposed origin of gonads and excretory flame-cells from the walls of gut, the occurrence of nematocysts in Anonymus, one of the most radially constructed Polyclads, and lastly the presence of two peculiar animals Ctenoplana and Coeloplana, which suggests a transition from Ctenophora to Polyclads.

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  • The careful study of the development of one Acoelous form and of certain Rhabdocoels has strengthened this hypothesis by showing that no definite enteron or gut is at first laid down, but that certain embryonic syncytial tracts become digestive tracts, others excretory, others again muscular.

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  • In some species of Dinophilus there is pronounced sexual dimorphism (the male being small and without gut) as in the Rotifera.

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  • As food particles pass in through the mouth they become enveloped in a slimy substance (secreted by the endostyle) and conveyed down the gut by the action of the vibratile cilia as a continuous food-rope, the peristaltic movements of the gut-wall being very feeble.

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  • In the same region of the body, namely, close behind the pharynx, a large diverticulum is given off from the ventral side of the gut.

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