This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience. Learn more

gum

Head Word icon
gum

gum Sentence Examples

  • Its chief exports are rubber, gum, coffee and copper.

    29
    6
  • The majority of plant specimens are most suitably fastened on paper by a mixture of equal parts of gum tragacanth and gum arabic made into a thick paste with water.

    11
    6
  • The forest vegetation, largely confined to the "Isle of Isles" and the southern uplands, includes the Adansonia (baobab), which in the Fazogli district attains gigantic proportions, the tamarind, of which bread is made, the deleb palm, several valuable gum trees (whence the term Sennari often applied in Egypt to gumarabic), some dyewoods, ebony, ironwood and many varieties of acacia.

    7
    4
  • Cleveland is the headquarters of the largest shoddy mills in the country (value of product, 1905, $ 1, 0 84,594), makes much clothing (1905, $ 10, 4 26, 535), manu factures a large portion of the chewing gum made in the United States, and is the site of one of the largest refineries of the Standard Oil Company.

    6
    3
  • The upright white hewn studs and freshly planed door and window casings gave it a clean and airy look, especially in the morning, when its timbers were saturated with dew, so that I fancied that by noon some sweet gum would exude from them.

    4
    3
  • In the south the red gum acacias (talh) are abundant.

    3
    0
  • Briicke also brought forward an experiment of great importance, in which he showed that gum mastic, precipitated from an alcoholic solution poured into a large quantity of water, scatters light of a blue tint.

    3
    2
  • I 20 Grey gum.

    2
    0
  • 917 Red gum.

    2
    0
  • Buried in this clay-marl are found large deposits of the fossil resin which becomes the kauri gum of commerce; and on the surface extensive forests are still a great though diminishing source of wealth.

    2
    2
  • - Fibre is obtained from the aloe plants, this industry being in the hands of women; ostriches are reared for the sake of their feathers, and large quantities of gum and resin are collected.

    2
    3
  • As he came out of the trees and crossed the bridge, he passed the sheriff 's car and emergency vehicles, their bubble gum lights still turning red or blue in the thickening snow.

    2
    5
  • This second manufacture, however, is thought to have been detrimental to the papyrus, as it would then have been in a dried condition requiring artificial aids, such as a more liberal use of gum or paste, in the process.

    2
    5
  • and jalapin - sugar, starch and gum.

    1
    0
  • BENZOIN, or Gum Benjamin (supposed to be from Arab.

    1
    0
  • Gum >>

    1
    0
  • In others, as the thylacine, it is rudimentary, being shed or absorbed before any of the other teeth have cut the gum, and therefore functionless.

    1
    1
  • Marshall is situated in a region growing cotton and Indian corn, vegetables, small fruits and sugar-cane; in the surrounding country there are valuable forests of pine, oak and gum.

    1
    1
  • A local aggrettion of a species other than the dominant one in an associion brings about a plant society; for example, societies of Ericd etralix, of Scirpus caespitosus, of Molinia coerulea, of Carex irta, of Narthecium ossifra gum, and others may occur within i association of Calluna vulgaris.

    1
    2
  • In 1895 began a marked commercial revival, mainly due to the steady conversion of the colony's waste lands into pasture; the development of frozen meat and dairy exports; the continuous increase of the output of coal; the invention of gold-dredging; the revival and improvement of hemp manufacture; the exploiting of the deposits of kauri gum; the reduction in the rates of interest on mortgage money; a general rise in wages, obtained without strikes, and partially secured by law, which has increased the spending power of the working classes.

    1
    4
  • Up to this point the silk fibre continues to be comparatively lustreless, stiff and harsh, from the coating of albuminous matter (gum or gres) on its surface.

    0
    0
  • As a preliminary to most subsequent processes the removal of the whole or some portion of this gum is necessary by boiling-off, scouring or decreusage.

    0
    0
  • To obviate that loss it has long been the practice to dye some dark silks " in the gum," the dye combining in these cases with the gum or gelatinous coating, and such silks are known as " souples.

    0
    0
  • Both in the gum and in the boiled-off state silk has the peculiar property of imbibing certain metallic salts largely and combining very firmly with them, the fibre remaining to external appearance undiminished in strength and lustre, but much added to in size and weight.

    0
    0
  • I am not quite sure that this method of weighting was not first used by the throwsters, as sugar is known to have been used for adulterating and loading gum silk for a very long time, and then the idea was afterwards applied to silk after the dyeing operations.

    0
    0
  • Before the silk can be manipulated by machinery to any advantage, the gum coating must be removed, really dissolved and washed away - and according to the method used in achieving this operation the result is either a " schappe " or a " discharged yarn."

    0
    0
  • These are then hermetically closed, and left for a few hours for the gum to ferment and loosen.

    0
    0
  • Thence the silk is taken to a washing machine, and the loosened gum thoroughly washed away.

    0
    0
  • " Discharged silk " must be entirely free from gum when finished, where " schappe " contains a percentage of gum - sometimes as much as 20%.

    0
    0
  • In the first stages of the spun-silk industry, the silk was dressed before boiling the gum out; the resulting drafts were cut into lengths of one or two inches.

    0
    0
  • Forests of iron-wood and blue gum have also been planted.

    0
    0
  • At one time also some species were used in the arts for supplying a gum as a substitute for gum-arabic. These were chiefly Ramalina fraxinea, Evernia prunastri and Parmelia physodes, all of which contain a considerable proportion of gummy matter (of a much inferior quality, however, to gum-arabic), and were employed in the process of calico-printing and in the making of parchment and cardboard.

    0
    0
  • In Rhizopus certain hyphae creep horizontally on the surface of the substratum, and then anchor their tips to it by means of a tuft of short branches (appressorium), the walls of which soften and gum themselves to it, then another branch shoots out from the tuft and repeats the process, like a strawberry-runner.

    0
    0
  • The mucilage surrounding endospores of Mucor, conidia of Empusa, &c., serves to gum the spore to animals.

    0
    0
  • Gum copal is exported.

    0
    0
  • The chief constituent of the low scrub which covers the northern part of the country is the grey gum acacia (hashob).

    0
    0
  • The chief wealth of the people consists in the gum obtained from the grey acacias, in oxen, camels and ostrich feathers.

    0
    0
  • Thence was despatched the gum for the Omdurman market.

    0
    0
  • Taiara, on the route between El Obeid and the Nile, was destroyed by the dervishes but has been rebuilt and is a thriving mart for the gum trade.

    0
    0
  • the rounded crystals somewhat the appearance of drops of gum.

    0
    0
  • Rubber, ebony and other timber, cocoa and gum copal, come next in importance.

    0
    0
  • Gum, ivory, hides, and ostrich feathers from the Sudan, cotton and sugar from Upper Egypt, indigo and shawls from India and Persia, sheep and tobacco from Asiatic Turkey, and European manufactures, such as machinery, hardware, cutlery, glass, and cotton and woollen goods, are the more important articles.

    0
    0
  • The chief exports in order of importance are: raw cotton, cotton seed, sugar, beans, cigarettes, onions, rice and gumarabic. The gum is not of native produce, being in transit from the Sudan.

    0
    0
  • Jewellers' or Armenian cement consists of isinglass with mastic and gum ammoniac dissolved in spirit.

    0
    0
  • The men are usually ' Coco-nut fibre and the gum which exudes from the bread-fruit tree are generally used for " caulking " and " pitching " canoes.

    0
    0
  • It occurs naturally in some resins, especially in gum benzoin (from Styrax benzoin), in dragon's blood, and as a benzyl ester in Peru and Tolu balsams. It can be prepared by the oxidation of toluene, benzyl alcohol, benzaldehyde and cinnamic acid; by the oxidation of benzene with manganese dioxide and concentrated sulphuric acid in the cold (L.

    0
    0
  • The presence of gum copal in considerable quantities in the superficial rocks is characteristic of certain regions.

    0
    0
  • Gold dust, cotton, ivory and gum are also exported.

    0
    0
  • Wax, gum, coffee and ivory are also exported.

    0
    0
  • A kind of thick paste, known as jujube paste, was also made of a composition of gum arabic and sugar dissolved in a decoction of jujube fruit evaporated to the proper consistency.

    0
    0
  • Gum copal, ground-nuts and sesame are largely cultivated, partly for ' Numerous remains of a stone age have been discovered, both on the coast and in the hinterland.

    0
    0
  • The most important vegetable productions are - cereals, cotton, gum tragacanth, liquorice, olive oil, opium, rice, saffron, salep, tobacco and yellow berries.

    0
    0
  • The exports are: - Cereals, cotton, cotton seed, dried fruits, drugs, fruit, gall nuts, gum tragacanth, liquorice root, maize, nuts, olive oil, opium, rice, sesame, sponges, storax, timber, tobacco, valonia, walnut wood, wine, yellow berries, carpets, cotton yarn, cocoons, hides, leather, mohair, silk, silk stuffs, rugs, wax, wool, leeches, live stock, minerals, &c. The imports are: - Coffee, cotton cloths, cotton goods, crockery, drysalteries, fezzes, glass-ware, haberdashery, hardware, henna, ironware, jute, linen goods, manufactured goods, matches, petroleum, salt, sugar, woollen goods, yarns, &c.

    0
    0
  • Various species yield gum.

    0
    0
  • Acacia arabica is the gum-arabic tree of India, but yields a gum inferior to the true gum-arabic. An astringent medicine, called catechu or cutch, is procured from several species, but more especially from Acacia catechu, by boiling down the wood and evaporating the solution so as to get an extract.

    0
    0
  • On the Coastal Plain the cypress grows in the Dismal Swamp, river birch along the streams, and sweet gum and black gum in swampy woods.

    0
    0
  • Manna and gum tragacanth are also collected.

    0
    0
  • Cooh, is obtained by the oxidation of milk, sugar, dulcite, galactose, quercite and most varieties of gum by nitric acid.

    0
    0
  • Among the valuable vegetable products forming articles of export are various gums and dyes, the most important being gum tragacanth, which exudes from the astragalus plant in the hilly region from Kurdistan in the north-west to Kermn in the south-east.

    0
    0
  • For example, the pain of a gum-boil is generally relieved more by warmth, because the yielding tissues of the gum, mouth and cheek can be readily relaxed by heat and their vessels dilated; but when the pain is dependent upon inflammation in the hard unyielding socket of a tooth, cold generally gives greater relief.

    0
    0
  • Of dye-yielding shrubs and plants camwood and indigo may be mentioned; of those whence gum is obtained the copal, acacia and African tragacanth (Sterculia tragacantha).

    0
    0
  • From the seeds have been obtained starch (about 14%), gum, mucilage, a non-drying oil, phosphoric acid, salts of calcium, saponin, by boiling which with dilute hydrochloric or sulphuric acid aesculic acid is obtained, quercitrin, present also in the fully developed leaves, aescigenin, C12H2n02, and aesculetin, C 9 H 6 O 4, which is procurable also, but in small quantity only, from the bark.

    0
    0
  • Pictet, Vegetable Opium also contains a gum, pectin, a wax, sugar and similar substances, in addition to meconic and lactic acids.

    0
    0
  • The upper teeth are rudimentary and buried in the gum.

    0
    0
  • Mixed with gum arabic it forms a marking ink for linen.

    0
    0
  • Among the many varieties of trees and plants found are the date palm, mimosa, wild olive, giant sycamores, junipers and laurels, the myrrh and other gum trees (gnarled and stunted, these flourish most on the eastern foothills), a magnificent pine (the Natal yellow pine, which resists the attacks of the white ant), the fig, orange, lime, pomegranate, peach, apricot, banana and other fruit trees; the grape vine (rare), blackberry and raspberry; the cotton and indigo plants, and occasionally the sugar cane.

    0
    0
  • The chief articles of export are coffee, skins, ivory, civet, ostrich feathers, gum, pepper, kat plant (used by Moslems for its stimulating properties), gold (in small quantities) and live stock.

    0
    0
  • Unlike tannic acid, gallic acid does not precipitate albumen or salts of the alkaloids, or, except when mixed with gum, gelatin.

    0
    0
  • The jungle tribes collect gum from several varieties of trees, and in Sind the Forest Department derives a small revenue from lac. The palms of the presidency consist of cocoa-nut, date, palmyra and areca catechu.

    0
    0
  • Its figs were noted in ancient times, but wine and gum mastic have always been the most important products.

    0
    0
  • More than one-third of the district lies under jungle, which yields gum, medicinal fruit and nuts, edible fruits, lac, honey and the blossoms of the mahuci tree (Bassia latifolia), which are eaten by the poorer classes, and used for the manufacture of a kind of spirit.

    0
    0
  • Ferri sulphas exsiccatus, which has two subpreparations: (a) Pilula ferri, " Blaud's pill " (exsiccated ferrous sulphate 150, exsiccated sodium carbonate 95, gum acacia 50, tragacanth 15, glycerin 10, syrup 150, water 20, each to contain about I grain of ferrous carbonate); (b) Pilula aloes et ferri (Barbadoes aloes 2, exsiccated ferrous sulphate I, compound powder of cinnamon 3, syrup of glucose 3).

    0
    0
  • Silk and cocoons Opium Gum tragacanth Wool .

    0
    0
  • The principal exports are wool, dates, cereals, gum, liquoriceroot and horses.

    0
    0
  • Besides dates the principal articles of export are wool, horses, liquorice, gum and attar of roses.

    0
    0
  • Other varieties, most of which are widely distributed, are the ash, pecan, cottonwood, sycamore, elm, maple, hickory, elder, gum, locust and river birch.

    0
    0
  • In the swamps there are cypresses and some gum and bay trees.

    0
    0
  • The French now became rivals for the trade of the Gambia, but the treaty of Versailles in 1783 assigned the trade in the river to Britain, reserving, however, Albreda for French trade, while it assigned the Senegal to France, with the reservation of the right of the British to trade at Portendic for gum.

    0
    0
  • These open woods cover a considerable part of Kordofan, the hashab and talh trees being the chief producers of gum arabic. South of 12° N.

    0
    0
  • Gum and rubber are the chief forest products.

    0
    0
  • The gum is obtained from eastern Kordofan and in the forests in the upper valley of the Blue Nile, the best gum coming from Kordofan.

    0
    0
  • The chief products of the Sudan for export are gum, ivory, ostrich feathers, dates and rubber.

    0
    0
  • steamers, railways, posts and telegraphs), and as to the rest from taxes on land, date-trees and animals, from royalties on gum, ivory and ostrich feathers, from licences to sell spirits, carry arms, &c., and from fees paid for the shooting of game.

    0
    0
  • On the eastern side the plains and rocky ridges, where not artificially cleared, are occupied by shaggy and often sombre forests mainly composed of the following genera: Eucalyptus (gum tree), Casuarina, Bursaria, Acacia, Leptospermum, Drimys, Melaleuca, Dodonaea, Notolea, Exocarpus, Hakea, Epacris, Xanthorrhoea, Frenela.

    0
    0
  • The imports are largely cotton goods, provisions, timber and cement; the exports gum, raw cotton, ivory, sesame, durra, senna, coffee (from Abyssinia), goat skins, &c. Forty miles north of Port Sudan is Mahommed Gul, the port for the mines of Gebet, worked by an English company.

    0
    0
  • The young trees, he states, furnish the most valuable gum, the older yielding merely a clear glutinous fluid resembling copal varnish.'

    0
    0
  • The gum resin of Boswellia thurifera was described by Colebrooke (in Asiatick Researches, ix.

    0
    0
  • It contains about 72% of resin soluble in alcohol (Kurbatow); a large proportion of gum soluble in water, and apparently identical with gum arabic; and a small quantity of a colourless inflammable essential oil, one of the constituents of which is the body oliben, C,0H16.

    0
    0
  • - Tannic acid is present in small quantities in the great majority of plants, but in notable quantity in gall-nuts, oak bark, bearberry leaves, rhatany root, catechu, kino, red gum, bael fruit, logwood and witch hazel, all of which are largely used as medicines.

    0
    0
  • But in most parts of the state there are mixed forests of white oak, red oak, ash, red gum, black gum, maple, hickory, chestnut, sycamore, magnolia, tulip tree, cherry, pecan, walnut, elm, beech, locust and persimmon.

    0
    0
  • GUM (Fr.

    0
    0
  • Koµ,uc, possibly a Coptic word; distinguish "gum," the fleshy covering of the base of a tooth, in 0.

    0
    0
  • The acacias and the Rosaceae yield their gums most abundantly when sickly and in an abnormal state, caused by a fulness of sap in the young tissues, whereby the new cells are softened and finally disorganized; the cavities thus formed fill with liquid, which exudes, dries and constitutes the gum.

    0
    0
  • Gum arabic may be taken as the type of the gums entirely soluble in water.

    0
    0
  • Another variety, obtained from the Prosopis dulcis, a leguminous plant, is called gum mesquite or mezquite; it comes from western Texas and Mexico, and is yellowish in colour, very brittle and quite soluble in water.

    0
    0
  • Gum arabic occurs in pieces of varying size, and some kinds are full of minute cracks.

    0
    0
  • The specific gravity of Turkey picked gum (the purest variety) is 1.487, or, when dried at ioo° C., 1.525.

    0
    0
  • Gum arabic may be regarded as a potassium and calcium salt of gummic or arabic acid.

    0
    0
  • Graham (Chemical and Physical Researches) recommended dialysis as the best mode of preparing gummic acid, and stated that the power of gum to penetrate the parchment septum is 400 times less than that of sodium chloride, and, further, that by mixing the gum with substances of the crystalloid class the diffusibility is lowered, and may be even reduced to nothing.

    0
    0
  • When solutions of gum arabic and gelatin are mixed, oily drops of a compound of the two are precipitated, which on standing form a nearly colourless jelly, melting at 25° C., or by the heat of the hand.

    0
    0
  • Gummic acid is soluble in water; when well dried at ioo° C., it becomes transformed into metagummic acid, which is insoluble, but swells up in water like gum tragacanth.

    0
    0
  • Gum arabic, when heated to 150° C. with two parts of acetic anhydride, swells up to a mass which, when washed with boiling water, and then with alcohol, gives a white amorphous insoluble powder called acetyl arabin C 6 H $ (C 2 H 3 O) 2 O 5.

    0
    0
  • It is saponified by alkalies, with reproduction of soluble gum.

    0
    0
  • Gum arabic is not precipitated from solution by alum, stannous chloride, sulphate or nitrate of copper, or neutral lead acetate; with basic lead acetate it forms a white jelly, with ferric chloride it yields a stiff clear gelatinoid mass, and its solutions are also precipitated by borax.

    0
    0
  • Gum senegal, a variety of gum arabic produced by Acacia Verek, occurs in pieces generally rounded, of the size of a pigeon's egg, and of a reddish or yellow colour, and specific gravity 1.436.

    0
    0
  • It gives with water a somewhat stronger mucilage than gum arabic, from which it is distinguished by its clear interior, fewer cracks and greater toughness.

    0
    0
  • Chagual gum, a variety brought from Santiago, Chile, resembles gum senegal.

    0
    0
  • Gum tragacanth, familiarly called gum dragon, exudes from the stem, the lower part especially, of the various species of Astragalus, especially A.

    0
    0
  • Formerly only what exuded spontaneously was gathered; this was often of a brownish colour; but now the flow of the gum is aided by incisions cut near the root, and the product is the fine, white, flaky variety so much valued in commerce.

    0
    0
  • The chief flow of gum takes place during the night, and hot and dry weather is the most favourable for its production.

    0
    0
  • The insoluble part of the gum is a calcium salt of bassorin (C12H20010), which is devoid of taste and smell, forms a gelatinoid mass with water, but by continued boiling is rendered soluble.

    0
    0
  • Gum tragacanth is used in calico-printing as a thickener of colours and mordants; in medicine as a demulcent and vehicle for insoluble powders, and as an excipient in pills; and feltsetting and mending beetles and other insect specimens.

    0
    0
  • It is medicinally superior to gum acacia, as it does not undergo acetous fermentation.

    0
    0
  • Gum kuteera resembles in appearance gum tragacanth, for which the attempt has occasionally been made to substitute it.

    0
    0
  • Cherry tree gum is an exudation from trees of the genera Prunus and Cerasus.

    0
    0
  • It occurs in shiny reddish lumps, resembling the commoner kinds of gum arabic. With water, in which it is only partially soluble, it forms a thick mucilage.

    0
    0
  • Sulphuric acid converts it into l-arabinose; and nitric acid oxidizes it to oxalic acid (without the intermediate formation of mucic acid as in the case of gum arable).

    0
    0
  • Gum of Bassora, from Bassora or Bussorah in Asia, is sometimes imported into the London market under the name of the hog tragacanth.

    0
    0
  • It is insipid, crackles between the teeth, occurs in variable-sized pieces, is tough, of a yellowish-white colour, and opaque, and has properties similar to gum tragacanth.

    0
    0
  • It contains only 1% of soluble gum or arabin.

    0
    0
  • Under the name of Caramania gum it is mixed with inferior kinds of gum tragacanth before exportation.

    0
    0
  • This term is applied to the inspissated milky juices of certain plants, which consist of gum soluble in water, resin and essential oil soluble in alcohol, other vegetable matter and a small amount of mineral matter.

    0
    0
  • When finely powdered and rubbed down with water they form emulsions, the undissolved resin being suspended in the gum solution.

    0
    0
  • Over a period of three months you should use the gum to relieve the cravings to smoke.

    0
    0
  • Use the gum whenever there is an urge to smoke to maintain complete abstinence from smoking.

    0
    0
  • acacia yield gum.

    0
    0
  • bah gum!

    0
    0
  • It would appear that women who chew gum throughout their pregnancy are most at risk from having bouncy bairns.

    0
    0
  • DERMATOLOGY Storax is known to be allergenic and to cross react with gum benzoin derived from Styrax L. species (fam.

    0
    0
  • Process 1. Dissolve gum arabic in water and mix it with a pigment and a solution of potassium bichromate or ammonium bichromate.

    0
    0
  • bleeding gums is usually a sign of gum disease.

    0
    0
  • Intubating stylet and Eschmann gum elastic bougie A pair of Magills forceps.

    0
    0
  • bubble gum " for trapping maggots " .

    0
    0
  • bubble gum cards, but I think he just wanted to see Leon in a dress.

    0
    0
  • hard candy, chewing gum, or bits of ice can help to relieve the problem.

    0
    0
  • Bacterial canker is spread by splashing rain and can cause rough cankers with amber colored gum, sometimes leading to total tree collapse.

    0
    0
  • Thorough brushing by carers and the use of antibacterial gels and fluoride help to prevent dental caries and gum disease.

    0
    0
  • chewing gum between them for their trouble.

    0
    0
  • chewing of gum is often thought of as a modern habit, imported to Europe from America this century.

    0
    0
  • First disease symptoms included chlorosis of the leaves as well as gum exudation through the cankers on the tree collar.

    0
    0
  • cigarette smoking, or gum chewing.

    0
    0
  • The gum cistus is the commonest plant of the country.

    0
    0
  • Their ears, frightfully distended, held dangling to them disks of wood and plates of gum copal.

    0
    0
  • Here are six facts: More people lose teeth due to gum disease than to dental decay.

    0
    0
  • Local GUM clinics are faced with increasing service demands of around 10% a year.

    0
    0
  • We're like ill fitting dentures against the gum of reality.

    0
    0
  • Online sales of chewing gum removal carts, steam cleaners, pressure washers, floor scrubber driers, sweepers, generators.

    0
    0
  • drug prescribed for epilepsy, can cause gum problems.

    0
    0
  • Finally, I throw myself on to the nearest park bench, not bothering about the bird excrement or chewing gum.

    0
    0
  • Used in cosmetics, soaps, lubricants, candles, hairspray, conditioners, deodorants, creams, chewing gum, food flavoring.

    0
    0
  • Jerking or snapping the floss into the gums can damage the gum tissue.

    0
    0
  • fluoride mouthwash will help gum infections and, if you gargle, it can stop you getting sore throats.

    0
    0
  • Take fragrant spices; gum mastic, aromatic shells, 4 galbanum; add pure frankincense to the spices in equal proportions.

    0
    0
  • Our team may recommend an antibacterial mouth rinse to help control plaque and reduce gingivitis, or gum disease.

    0
    0
  • If you have gingivitis The measures described above to prevent gum disease will often clear mild gingivitis.

    0
    0
  • guar gum or.. .

    0
    0
  • I gave them a stick of chewing gum between them for their trouble.

    0
    0
  • Try some sugar-free gum, a glass of water, or keep yourself busy.

    0
    0
  • Sixty-seven trials were identified: 25 trials of oat products; 17 of psyllium; 7 of pectin; and 18 of guar gum.

    0
    0
  • In general, if the patient smokes 20 or less cigarettes a day, 2mg nicotine gum is indicated.

    0
    0
  • You should not exceed 15 pieces of gum per day for either the 2mg or 4mg strength gum.

    0
    0
  • gum Arabic is the product of Acacia Senegal, abundant in dry tropical west Africa from Senegal to northern Nigeria.

    0
    0
  • gum rosin to get involved.

    0
    0
  • gum tragacanth may be used to secure them.

    0
    0
  • gum chewers are unlikely to wander to the nearest ' fun ' poster which could be a few minutes walk away.

    0
    0
  • gum wrapper.

    0
    0
  • gum rubber outsole.

    0
    0
  • Caramel (E150) and xanthan gum (E415) may be derived from maize.

    0
    0
  • Results Soluble fiber from oat products, psyllium, pectin and guar gum lowered total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol by a small amount.

    0
    0
  • nicotine gum to stop smoking What is nicotine gum?

    0
    0
  • mastic gum, a resin, comes from the sap of the mastic tree in the Mediterranean.

    0
    0
  • Consumers are urged to check the labeling to see which contain the locust bean gum.

    0
    0
  • The laughs never stop right up to the final " Ee bah gum!

    0
    0
  • The boswellic acids and their O-acetyl derivatives are the major constituens of the fresh aromatic gum resins from Boswellia trees.

    0
    0
  • He wad hae written A better poem syne - like thie, by gum?

    0
    0
  • Miscellaneous Myopia, vaginal bleeding, swelling of the tongue, gum hypertrophy, hirsutism.

    0
    0
  • dry ice blasting will remove chewing gum from most surfaces.

    0
    0
  • The nicotine absorption profile and the dose delivered from the preparation are similar to that of nicotine chewing gum and nicotine inhalator.

    0
    0
  • Glue residues, chewing gum, ballpoint ink, oily incrustations etc. should be treated in combination with ECO SPOT & STAIN REMOVER.

    0
    0
  • irritateum gum applied to intact or abraded rabbit skin for 24 hours under occlusion was found to be moderately irritating.

    0
    0
  • Jane BRODY: (showing her gum between her teeth) What do you think I'm chewing?

    0
    0
  • jokey bits and bobs, and funky shower curtains alongside neon plastic chandeliers and gum ball dispensers.

    0
    0
  • liquidambar styraciflua ' Worplesdon ' The sweet gum is one of my favorite garden trees.

    0
    0
  • Polymer solution to chewing gum litter A university spin-off company is using polymers to solve the perennial problem of chewing gum litter.

    0
    0
  • The time when I thought my gum was swelling up and I had lockjaw was totally different.

    0
    0
  • locust bean gum.

    0
    0
  • Some baby shower favor ideas include personalized lollipops or candy tins, baby themed cookies, or the ever popular bubble gum cigars.

    0
    0
  • It is also proposing to switch nicotine lozenges up to a maximum strength to GSL, as well as nicotine gum 4mg.

    0
    0
  • In the wild marmosets supplement their diet with a steady supply of tree gum which they gouge out with their sharp teeth.

    0
    0
  • mastic gum on patients with ulcers, the original site of the ulcer was completely replaced by healthy epithelial cells.

    0
    0
  • Gingivitis: Plaque which accumulates at the tooth gum junction harbors various bacteria which produce metabolites.

    0
    0
  • mi cinnteach gum biodh tu an aghaidh leasachadh mar sin.

    0
    0
  • moisten mouth and gum before use.

    0
    0
  • However, many people also use an antiseptic mouthwash each day to help prevent gum disease.

    0
    0
  • Using a good fluoride mouthwash will help gum infections and, if you gargle, it can stop you getting sore throats.

    0
    0
  • Your dentist may recommend an antibacterial mouthwash to help control plaque and reduce gingivitis (gum disease ).

    0
    0
  • mouthwash for gum disease, mouth infections and sore throats.

    0
    0
  • nanotechnology applications - 2 Self removing chewing gum.

    0
    0
  • Nicotine gum to stop smoking What is nicotine gum to stop smoking What is nicotine gum?

    0
    0
  • Others use things like nicotine patches or nicotine patches or nicotine chewing gum.

    0
    0
  • For those using 4 mg nicotine gum, the 2 mg nicotine gum will be helpful during withdrawal from treatment.

    0
    0
  • olibanum gum applied to intact or abraded rabbit skin for 24 hours under occlusion was found to be moderately irritating.

    0
    0
  • DESIGN: White slip on, with blue lines, durable gum rubber outsole.

    0
    0
  • Others use things like nicotine patches or nicotine chewing gum.

    0
    0
  • would-be quitters were given advice, support and two weeks worth of Nicotine Replacement Therapy patches or gum free of charge.

    0
    0
  • The sensitivity may be caused by a loose filling or by minimal gum recession which exposes small areas of the root surface.

    0
    0
  • Here's the place Chinese gum rosin to get involved.

    0
    0
  • We wear head guards and gum shields for safety.

    0
    0
  • Nicotine (gum, inhaler, nasal spray or patch ).

    0
    0
  • The fuel stabilizer helps maintain the octane of the fuel, and reduces the gum and varnish buildup that can otherwise occur during storage.

    0
    0
  • This was a coarse fabric of silk, wool, or silk mixed with wool or mohair, often stiffened with gum.

    0
    0
  • sugarless gum or candy.

    0
    0
  • sugarless candy or gum, melt bits of ice in your mouth, or use a saliva substitute.

    0
    0
  • sweetening ingredient in sugar free candy and gum.

    0
    0
  • The printed emulsion surface is water absorbent and ideal for gum tragacanth which leaves less of a smear than most adhesives.

    0
    0
  • Chew gum, smoke, pick your nose or display any annoying traits or habits.

    0
    0
  • The solvent we use is pure gum turpentine, a natural product itself - being distilled pine sap.

    0
    0
  • To prevent tooth decay and gum disease it is necessary to have regular dental visits.

    0
    0
  • wad hae written A better poem syne - like thie, by gum?

    0
    0
  • The rate of first attacks of anogenital warts in Northern Ireland is on a par with the rate reported from GUM clinics in England.

    0
    0
  • woeful lack of GUM clinics, many in a state of disrepair.

    0
    0
  • xanthan gum (E415) may be derived from maize.

    0
    0
  • The mint-flavoured gum is a perfect low-calorie sweet treat and includes natural sweetener xylitol.

    0
    0
  • xylitol gum a day.

    0
    0
  • This resinous exudation (Kino) somewhat resembles gum, hence the name " gum " tree.

    0
    0
  • Portions most liable to destruction, those parts between the tide marks, were found perfectly sound, and showed no signs of the ravages of marine organisms. Other valuable timber trees of the eastern portion of the continent are the blackbutt, tallow-wood, spotted gum, red gum, mahogany, and blue gum, eucalyptus; and the turpentine (Syncarpialaurifolia), which has proved to be more resistant to the attacks of teredo than any other timber and is largely used in wharf construction in infested waters.

    0
    0
  • In former days this was the prevalent poplar in Britain, and the timber was employed for the purposes to which that of other species is applied, but has been superseded by P. monilifera and its varieties; it probably furnished the poplar wood of the Romans, which, from its lightness and soft tough grain, was in esteem for shield-making; in continental Europe it is still in some request; the bark, in Russia, is used for tanning leather, while in Kamchatka it is sometimes ground up and mixed with meal; the gum secreted by the buds was employed by the old herbalists for various medicinal purposes, but is probably nearly inert; the cotton-like down of the seed has been converted into a kind of vegetable felt, and has also been used in paper-making.

    0
    0
  • Glycerin acts as a preservative against decomposition, owing to its antiseptic qualities, which also led to its being employed to preserve untanned leather (especially during transit when exported, the hides being, moreover, kept soft and supple); to make solutions of gelatin, albumen, gum, paste, cements, &c. which will keep without decomposition; to preserve meat and other edibles; to mount anatomical preparations; to preserve vaccine lymph unchanged; and for many similar purposes.

    0
    0
  • The most common species in the alluvial regions and, to a less degree, in the drier portions of the swamps and in the stream bottoms of the prairies are various oaks, black, sweet and tupelo gum, holly, cotton-wood, poplar, magnolia sweet bay, the tulip tree, catalpa, black walnut, pecans, hickories, ash, beech and short-leaf pine.

    0
    0
  • Besides these aromatic substances named in the Bible, the following must also be enumerated on account of their common use as incense in the East; benzoin or gum benjamin, first mentioned among Western writers by Ibn Batuta (1325-1349) under the name of lubdn d'Javi (i.e.

    0
    0
  • But the consumption of all manner of odoriferous resins, gum resins, roots, woods, dried leaves, flowers, fruits and seeds in India, in social as well as religious observances, is enormous.

    0
    0
  • The heat at which the syrup boils in the clarifiers, 220° F., has the property of separating a great deal of the gum still remaining in it, and thus cleansing the solution of sugar and water for crystallization in the vacuum pans; and if after skimming the syrup is run into separators or subsiders of any description, and allowed to settle down and cool before being drawn into the vacuum pan for crystallization, this cleansing process will be more thorough and the quality of the final product will be improved.

    0
    0
  • The machines cut the paper, gum its edge, measure out the proper quantity of tobacco, wrap it up, make the gummed edge adhere, and cut the ends.

    0
    0
  • mucilago, a mouldy juice, from mucere, to be mouldy), a term which denotes a viscid or glutinous mixture of water and any gummy vegetable substance (see Gum).

    0
    0
  • Chem., 1905 (2), 71, p. 45 2) by reducing osmium compounds with hydrazine hydrate in the presence of gum arabic.

    0
    0
  • Gall nuts, gathered on the neighbouring Kurdish mountain slopes, are mostly exported, but are also made use of by native dyers; and hides, wax, cotton and gum are sold.

    0
    0
  • It was one of the gifts offered by the Magi, and a royal oblation of gold, frankincense and myrrh is still annually presented by the sovereign on the feast of Epiphany in the Chapel Royal in London, this custom having been in existence certainly as early as the reign of Edward L 1 True myrrh is the product of Balsamodendron (Commiphora) Myrrha, a small tree of the natural order Amyridaceae that grows in eastern Africa and Arabia, but the name is also applied to gum resins obtained from other species of Balsamodendron.

    0
    0
  • In the Carolinian zone the tulip tree, sycamore, sweet gum, rose magnolia, short-leaf pine and sassafras find their northernmost limit Sage brush is common to both the western arid Transstion zone and the Upper Sonoran zone, but in suitable soils of the latter several greasewoods (Artiplex confertifolia, A.

    0
    0
  • According to the amount of gum to be boiled off the soap solutions are made strong or weak; but care has to be exercised not to overdo the scouring, whereby loss of strength, substance and lustre would result.

    0
    0
  • Silk in the gum, it is found, absorbs these salts more freely than boiled-off; so to use it for weighting there are these great inducements - a saving of the costly and tedious boiling-off, a saving of the 25% weight which would have disappeared in boiling and a surface on which much greater sophistication can be practised than on scoured silk.

    0
    0
  • The method is as follows: If waste silk is piled in a heap in a damp, warm place, and kept moist and warm, the gum will in a few days' time begin to ferment and loosen, and can then be washed off, leaving the true thread soft and supple; but the smell caused by the fermentation is so offensive that it cannot be practised in or near towns.

    0
    0
  • It consisted of frayed reed pens or brushes, a small pot of water, and a palette with two circular cavities in which black and red ink were placed, made of finely powdered color solidified with gum.

    0
    0
  • Gum benzoin, which contains from 12 to 20% of benzoic acid, is used in medicine as the essential constituent of benzoated lard, Adeps benzoatus, which owes its antiseptic properties to benzoic acid; and in friar's balsam, Tinctura benzoini composita, which is an ancient and valuable medicament, still largely used for inhalation in cases of laryngitis, bronchitis and other inflammatory or actually septic conditions of the respiratory tract.

    0
    0
  • The substances used to adulterate opium are grape-juice thickened with flour, fig-paste, liquorice, half-dried apricots, inferior gum tragacanth and sometimes clay or pieces of lead or other metals.

    0
    0
  • These open woods cover a considerable part of Kordofan, the hashab and talh trees being the chief producers of gum arabic. South of 12° N.

    0
    0
  • They represent a large number of classes of substances of which the most important are: (1) Hydrocarbons, such as pinene in oil of turpentine, camphene in citronella oil, limonene in lemon and orange-peel oils, caryophyllene in clove oil and cumene in oil of thyme; (2) ketones, such as camphor from the camphor tree, and irone which occurs in orris root; (3) phenols, such as eugenol in clove oil, thymol in thyme oil, saffrol in sassafras oil, anethol in anise oil; (4) aldehydes, such as citral and citronellal, the most important constituents of lemon oil and lemon-grass oil, benzaldehyde in the oil of bitter almonds, cinnamic aldehyde in cassia oil, vanillin in gum benzoin and heliotropin in the spiraea oil, &c.; (5) alcohols and their esters, such as geraniol (rhodinol) in rose oil and geranium oil, linalool, occurring in bergamot and lavender oils, and as the acetic ester in rose oil, terpineol in cardamom oil, menthol in peppermint oil, eucalyptol in eucalyptus oil and borneol in rosemary oil and Borneo camphor; (6) acids and their anhydrides, such as cinnamic acid in Peru balsam and coumarin in woodruff; and (7) nitrogenous compounds, such as mustard oil, indol in jasmine oil and anthranilic methyl-ester in neroli and jasmine oils.

    0
    0
  • The specific gravity of Turkey picked gum (the purest variety) is 1.487, or, when dried at ioo° C., 1.525.

    0
    0
  • When solutions of gum arabic and gelatin are mixed, oily drops of a compound of the two are precipitated, which on standing form a nearly colourless jelly, melting at 25° C., or by the heat of the hand.

    0
    0
  • Gummic acid is soluble in water; when well dried at ioo° C., it becomes transformed into metagummic acid, which is insoluble, but swells up in water like gum tragacanth.

    0
    0
  • Gum arabic, when heated to 150° C. with two parts of acetic anhydride, swells up to a mass which, when washed with boiling water, and then with alcohol, gives a white amorphous insoluble powder called acetyl arabin C 6 H $ (C 2 H 3 O) 2 O 5.

    0
    0
  • Would-be quitters were given advice, support and two weeks worth of Nicotine Replacement Therapy patches or gum free of charge.

    0
    0
  • What happens when open source, freely available products like GNU Radio become... Brighton moves gum rosin distributor ahead with pre-WiMax network.

    0
    0
  • More... CIF (Common Intermediate gum rosin producer Format, Common Interchange Format).

    0
    0
  • British Archeology, no 21, February 1997: Features Chew, chew, that ancient chewing gum A slovenly modern habit?

    0
    0
  • Nicotine (gum, inhaler, nasal spray or patch).

    0
    0
  • She used, Zyban, patches, gum, inhalator, NHS stop smoking clinics, newsgroup support, support of my family.

    0
    0
  • Nicotine patch, gum, sublingual tablet or nasal spray may be suggested by your doctor or pharmacist instead.

    0
    0
  • Instead, choose dentally healthy foods such as nuts, raw vegetables, plain yogurt, cheese, popcorn and sugarless gum or candy.

    0
    0
  • For temporary relief, use sugarless candy or gum, melt bits of ice in your mouth, or use a saliva substitute.

    0
    0
  • SPI Polyols Polyols are best known as the tooth friendly sweetening ingredient in sugar free candy and gum.

    0
    0
  • C: Chewing sugar free gum D: Swilling cold water around mouth.

    0
    0
  • Dental disease usually shows itself as gum disease (gingivitis) secondary to plaque and tartar accumulation on the teeth.

    0
    0
  • Whose justifiable disgust at the sight of discarded chewing gum or of dog turds on the pavement made him find alternative routes home.

    0
    0
  • Sexual health has become the cinderella service of the NHS with a woeful lack of GUM clinics, many in a state of disrepair.

    0
    0
  • The mint-flavoured gum is a perfect low-calorie sweet treat and includes natural sweetener Xylitol.

    0
    0
  • This is the amount you would get from chewing one or two packs of xylitol gum a day.

    0
    0
  • There is an approximately 3x3 inch patch in the training pants which contains Sorbitol, a sugar-like material that is used as a sweetener in gum or as a skin softening emollient.

    0
    0
  • Unless she really knows her husband, her mouth will be full of gum by the end of the game!

    0
    0
  • About the size of a pack of gum, the iPod Shuffle comes in two versions-one can store 120 songs and the other can store 240 songs.

    0
    0
  • The unit looks more like a space-age gum ball machine than a traditional litter box, and may take a bit of time to train your cat to use it.

    0
    0
  • The Paw Princess carrier comes in a delightful bubble gum pink, and it is a surefire way to get kitty noticed at cat shows.

    0
    0
  • Gum and tooth problems are the leading cause of health problems in cats.

    0
    0
  • Anesthesia should only be used in the cases where teeth need to be pulled or for deep gum work.

    0
    0
  • When you brush your cat's teeth, you reduce plaque and the build-up of tartar, which can cause gum disease.

    0
    0
  • A forl is a pit that develops on a tooth near the gum line, and this can be very painful.

    0
    0
  • Be sure you are working the tips of the gum line and the teeth.

    0
    0
  • Some litters are named after brands of chewing gum while others take on the titles of famous poets, classical scholars, and high-end fashion designers.

    0
    0
  • Stevia may inhibit the growth and reproduction of oral bacteria that leads to gum and dental diseases, as well as tooth decay.

    0
    0
  • People with gum and mouth disease, women who are pregnant, and those whose teeth are stained by a medication should not use over-the-counter bleaching products.

    0
    0
  • Hollywood has come along way from cotton and spirit gum.

    0
    0
  • Thus, my teeth had an overall brighter appearance, but they did still look quite yellow between the teeth and down by the gum line.

    0
    0
  • Recently the Stuff by Duff line has enjoyed a transformation from bubble gum pink into mature, earth-toned packaging.

    0
    0
  • To make your eyebrows disappear, as in vampire makeup (you'll want highly arched black brows for that), you can cover your own with spirit gum and then draw on more with waterproof black liner.

    0
    0
  • Use spirit gum to match your skin tone and fill in the fold.

    0
    0
  • Chiclets gum or royal icing can be used to make the teeth.

    0
    0
  • Sometimes teen braces are a matter of health, as crowded teeth can make it hard to brush correctly, which in turn can cause cavities or gum disease.

    0
    0
  • There's a new fashion trend in the making, and it's a gum wrapper prom dress.

    0
    0
  • Elizabeth Rasmuson of Garner, Iowa had initially made a jacket out of gum wrappers.

    0
    0
  • After reading about someone making a duct tape dress, she decided to go even bigger and try a gum wrapper prom dress.

    0
    0
  • She opted to use the wrappers from "Five" gum, since she liked the colors.

    0
    0
  • Sometimes she kept the gum that had been inside the wrappers for her own use, and sometimes she just gave it away to her friends.

    0
    0
  • The particular "Five" gum Rasmuson used has a teal-colored wrapper.

    0
    0
  • He started collecting the same "Five" brand of gum and made a matching vest.

    0
    0
  • Rasmuson saw other possibilities as well when looking at other colors and flavors of "Five" gum, such as the black wrappers.

    0
    0
  • To make a gum wrapper dress, be it for prom or another special occasion, you have to start with a gum wrapper chain.

    0
    0
  • Choose a gum brand (or two) with colors that you like.

    0
    0
  • After starting with the gum wrapper chain, you can either sew the sections of the dress together using a strong thread or floss or weave them together, much the same way the chain was created.

    0
    0
  • If you love making gum wrapper fashions, you don't have to stop with a prom dress.

    0
    0
  • There are plenty of items you can make with a gum wrapper chain, other than just a matching vest.

    0
    0
  • When you're finished making your prom dress out of gum wrappers, you'll have a gown that is both very unique and economical.

    0
    0
  • If you plan ahead and use the wrappers from your favorite gum, you're not out any money other than the money for thread, embellishments and possibly the pattern.

    0
    0
  • It is made from potato starch, tapioca flour, leavening agents (calcium lactate, calcium carbonate, and citric acid) and a gum derived from cottonseed.

    0
    0
  • The flowers can be live or they can be crafted out of fondant or gum pastes to look realistic.

    0
    0
  • Marzipan, gum paste, candy clay, and pastillage can all be used to create edible embellishments on your wedding cake.

    0
    0
  • These range from fun items perfect for informal beach weddings, like gum balls designed to look like beach balls, to more sophisticated treats such as sugared coconut slices.

    0
    0
  • Make sure your cake is at least three tiers high and ask the baker to decorate with gum paste ribbons.

    0
    0
  • Ask a decorator to make a fondant or gum paste angelfish, clownfish, or butterflyfish, and position it along with seahorses, starfish, sand dollars, sea anemones, or shells.

    0
    0
  • If you prefer for your entire wedding cake to be edible, find a decorator who is able to make flowers from fondant or gum paste.

    0
    0
  • Using edible fondant or gum paste flowers can also be expensive, especially if you request a lot of detail.

    0
    0
  • Fondant or gum paste flowers or ribbons encircling each layer of the cake also serve to create a few concentrated pops of color.

    0
    0
  • For knockout imitations that last much longer and may be cheaper, try using gum paste flowers.

    0
    0
  • Bring your favorites to a decorator, and consider fleshing out the beach theme further by adding starfish or shells made with royal icing or gum paste to your cake.

    0
    0
  • To give it special attention, ask a decorator to create a cornucopia from fondant or gum paste and fill it with figures of seasonal vegetables and fruits.

    0
    0
  • If just a few big hearts aren't enough for you, choose a model that includes dozens of tinier hearts made from fondant or gum paste and strategically placed throughout the larger cake.

    0
    0
  • Keep in mind that some decorators also specialize in making edible flowers from buttercream, fondant, or gum paste, and the flowers can look nearly as realistic as if you had picked them fresh.

    0
    0
  • Accent the cake with fondant or gum paste raspberries or lemon slices.

    0
    0
  • Decorate each cupcake with a tiny "bouquet" of fondant or gum paste flowers.

    0
    0
  • These therapies include inhalers, lozenges, gum, and the patch.

    0
    0
  • To keep symptoms at bay, pharmacological treatments like the patch or gum are recommended.

    0
    0
  • To ease your discomfort, your doctor may recommend nicotine gum, a nicotine patch, or one of the other stop smoking aids.

    0
    0
  • If you're trying to quit smoking, Nicorette gum may be able to help you cope with the symptoms of nicotine withdrawal.

    0
    0
  • If you're trying to lose weight, you'll be happy to learn that each piece of sugar-free gum has three calories and one gram of carbohydrates.

    0
    0
  • Smokers who use more than 25 cigarettes per day should use the 4mg gum, while less frequent smokers should use 2mg Nicorette gum.

    0
    0
  • Even if you no longer feel the urge to smoke, you should still use the gum for the full time period.

    0
    0
  • Even mildly acidic foods or beverages can interfere with the gum's nicotine absorption rate.

    0
    0
  • Like any other medicine, Nicorette gum has potential side effects.

    0
    0
  • Although Nicorette gum is a safe and effective way to quit smoking, it's important to use the product as intended.

    0
    0
  • Nicorette gum may stick to dental caps, partial bridges, or dentures.

    0
    0
  • If you are pregnant, you should not use Nicorette gum.

    0
    0
  • Breastfeeding women should not use Nicorette gum to quit smoking.

    0
    0
  • Nicorette gum should not be consumed by children or pets.

    0
    0
  • Heroin, which comes from an opium gum from the poppy plant, was originally developed as a "safe" alternative to morphine.

    0
    0
  • After the petals fall off, the capsule can be cut and the opium gum on the inside is scraped off of it.

    0
    0
  • The raw opium gum is dried out, then traded or sold later.

    0
    0
  • Try a nicotine patch, nicotine gum, or nicotine lozenges.

    0
    0
  • Or, you have one piece of gum or one lozenge at set intervals throughout the day.

    0
    0
  • Users pick up a small "pinch," place it between the cheek and gum, and let it sit there.

    0
    0
  • It may be placed between the cheek and gum, chewed, or sucked.

    0
    0
  • Betel nut may be sucked or chewed like gum.

    0
    0
  • They include mouth and throat cancer, cavities and gum disease, heart problems, and other unpleasant side effects.

    0
    0
  • Even if a user escapes cancer, he/she is at risk for tooth decay and gum disease.

    0
    0
  • And, the gum disease it causes can also contribute to bad breath.

    0
    0
  • Nicotine replacements, like patches, lozenges, and gum, can help ease the symptoms or withdrawal.

    0
    0
  • Nicotine Gum - This product also releases small amounts of nicotine into the system and can be chewed whenever the user feels a tobacco craving coming on.

    0
    0
  • The gum can be used for as long as three months.

    0
    0
  • A popular brand of gum is Nicorette Gum.

    0
    0
  • I use to always brush my teeth, use mouthwash, chew gum, and use a breath mint or spray or something before I kissed her, if I smoked.

    0
    0
  • No nicotine patches or nicotine gum because the problem is not the patch or the gum, the problem is the person smoking.

    0
    0
  • Nicotine gum: One of the first quit smoking aids on the market, nicotine gum is meant to give a smoker something to do with their mouth, while easing them off nicotine little by little.

    0
    0
  • The most popular brand of gum is Nicorette.

    0
    0
  • Good activity examples include; a nap, a walk outside, writing in a journal, reading a book, chewing gum, calling a friend, exercise, taking a nice long bath, or playing with your children.

    0
    0
  • For those people attempting to stop using chewing tobacco, the use of a product such as nicotine replacement lozenges or gum is a popular choice.

    0
    0
  • Give your mouth something to do: Have gum and candy handy when you have a craving because sometimes just giving your mouth something to do is enough to satisfy you mentally.

    0
    0
  • For nicotine medication, try nicotine gum, patches or a spray.

    0
    0
  • Cake decorating can be as simple as piping a star border onto a sheet cake or as intricate as designing a three-tier wedding cake with gum paste flowers and airbrushed colors.

    0
    0
  • First, serious decorators can attend The Wilton School in Illinois, where they can take classes in gum paste, sugar artistry and more.

    0
    0
  • Three main courses focusing on cake decorating with buttercream frosting are offered, along with a fondant and gum paste class and special project classes.

    0
    0
  • Making gum paste flowers is fun, and it can really turn your cake creations into something special.

    0
    0
  • Learn how to make several kinds of gum paste flowers right here.

    0
    0
  • Working with gum paste is a lot like cutting out cookies from dough except that you roll the paste much thinner to approximately 1/8 to 1/16 of an inch thick.

    0
    0
  • In many cases, you'll want to color your gum paste ahead of time with a small amount of paste coloring.

    0
    0
  • Alternatively, you may want to use plain colored gum paste and apply colored petal dust and luster powders to your dried creations to make them look life-like.

    0
    0
  • It's important to understand that gum paste dries fast, so work quickly and keep your extra gum paste sealed in plastic to prevent it from drying.

    0
    0
  • Color an approximately 1-inch ball of gum paste yellow.

    0
    0
  • Roll your gum paste approximately 1/16 inch thick.

    0
    0
  • Use a little gum paste glue to secure the petal where the edges overlap.

    0
    0
  • Paint the bottom edge of your center rod with gum paste glue and insert the wire through the bottom center of the flower.

    0
    0
  • Roll the petal around the cone so the edges will overlap and secure them with gum paste glue.

    0
    0
  • Visit the LoveToKnow article Make a Rose Out of Gum Icing or Modeling Paste for directions to make a blooming rose.

    0
    0
  • Poke a pearl-tipped floral wire through the hole and secure it with a little gum paste glue.

    0
    0
  • These directions provide just a few examples for making gum paste flowers, but there are books and kits available with directions for making more.

    0
    0
  • You have several icing choices when preparing flowers for cake decorating, but if you want the most realistic-looking flowers possible while still keeping them edible, choose gum paste flowers.

    0
    0
  • Gum paste is a stretchy sugar dough that can be rolled out very thinly and then cut and shaped to form a variety of items.

    0
    0
  • Unlike buttercream or fondant roses, which will stay together without much help, gum paste flower parts need to be "glued" together with edible egg whites or an edible gum paste glue.

    0
    0
  • To prepare the flowers before you form them, you may need to tint the gum paste.

    0
    0
  • Some rich, bright colors can fade with gum paste, so if you want very vivid color, add more than you think you need or consider painting the flowers with edible decorating paint.

    0
    0
  • Note that you can also mix equal amounts of gum paste and fondant to get a dough that is still stretchy and durable but that tastes a little better than pure gum paste.

    0
    0
  • As with fondant, you can roll out gum paste into flat sheets with cornstarch and use cookie cutters to cut out the shapes you need for decorating.

    0
    0
  • If you have fondant tools, you can use them for adding detail to gum paste flowers, too.

    0
    0
  • As you work to form flowers, cover unused gum paste so that it doesn't dry out.

    0
    0
  • If you're an advanced cake decorator with some extra time on your hands and plenty of discipline, you can create a wide variety of different gum paste flowers that look very realistic.

    0
    0
  • Roses are some of the most popular gum paste flowers.

    0
    0
  • Form daisies easily with gum paste by using cookie cutters or fondant cutters.

    0
    0
  • Carnations are made from many layers of gum paste with frilled edges.

    0
    0
  • Form butterflies out of gum paste and put on top of each cupcake.

    0
    0
  • Fondant covered cupcakes allow you to place other fondant or gum paste decorations on the top.

    0
    0
  • Character cupcakes require a lot of detail work and aren't quick to make, but they're a good exercise for artists or sculptors who would like to try making details from fondant or gum paste.

    0
    0
  • If you need a very specific topper and you're unable to find it, you can also make it yourself using clay or gum paste or order it from a crafter's site like Etsy.

    0
    0
  • Add a gum paste sail to the cake for the final touch.

    0
    0
  • You can also make toppers out of gum paste (a hard-drying, edible sugar paste) or use non-edible designs to top your cakes.

    0
    0
  • If you prefer, you can use marzipan or gum paste instead of fondant to make the figure.

    0
    0
  • Make a multi-layer cake that's adorned with a fondant movie reel, a realistic horse figure, or gum paste flowers that wind all around the cake.

    0
    0
  • Toppers can be edible if they're made with fondant or gum paste, but inedible toppers are fine, too.

    0
    0
  • While buttercream is a useful supply to have on hand for some toppers, fondant and gum paste allow for much more detailed work.

    0
    0
  • In many cases, elaborate coverings for cakes are made with fondant or gum paste.

    0
    0