along the south shore of the Gulf of Aden westwards to Tajura Bay, and the east side skirts the Indian Ocean south-west for over r000 m.
The whole region is characterized by a remarkable degree of physical uniformity, and may be broadly described as a vast plateau of an average elevation of 3000 ft., bounded westwards by the Ethiopian and Galla highlands and northwards by an inner and an outer coast range, skirting the south side of the Gulf of Aden in its entire length from the Harrar uplands to Cape Guardafui.
the Gulf of Aden.
British Somaliland The British Somaliland protectorate extends along the Gulf of Aden for about 400 m.
Between the Harrar plateau and Cape Guardafui the coast ranges maintain a mean altitude of from 4000 to 5000 ft., and fall generally in steep escarpments down to the narrow strip of sandy lowlands skirting the Gulf of Aden.
by the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean, and E.
Mefat which enters the Gulf of Aden near Balhaf.
Between the Seychelles and Sokotra (0° - 9 ° N.) there are great stretches of the ocean floor forming an almost level expanse at a depth of 2800 fathoms. The Arabian Gulf and Gulf of Aden are also very uniform with depths of about 1900 fathoms, while the floor of the Bay of Bengal rises very gradually northwards and is 1000 fathoms deep close up to the Ganges Shelf.
of the ports of Zaila (British) and Jibuti (French) on the Gulf of Aden.
In the region of Somaliland, now the western part of the British protectorate of that name, the Arabs established the Moslem state of Adel or Zaila, with their capital at Zaila on the Gulf of Aden.
In 1521 the then sultan Abubekr transferred the seat of government to Harrar, probably regarding Zaila as too exposed to the attacks of the Turkish and Portuguese navies then contending for the mastery of the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden.
Berbera stands at the head of a deep inlet which forms the only completely sheltered haven on the south side of the Gulf of Aden.
of Jibuti on the Gulf of Aden.
For the topography, &c., see Red Sea and Gulf of Aden Pilot (5th ed.
Between the valley of the Upper Nile and the low lands which skirt the south-western shores of the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden is a region of elevated plateaus from which rise various mountain ranges.
This Scale, 1:9,000,000 35° second range sends a chain (the Harrar hills) eastward to the Gulf of Aden.
long) to Jibuti on the Gulf of Aden.
Bonga, the commercial centre of Kaffa, and Jiren, capital of the neighbouring province of Jimma, are frequented by traders from all the surrounding provinces, and also by foreign merchants from the seaports on the Gulf of Aden.
Another large stream, the Hawash, rising in the Abyssinian mountains, is lost in a saline depression near the Gulf of Aden.
the Wadi Bana and its affluents draining to the Gulf of Aden.
The Moluccas were, from the first, the objective of the Portuguese invaders, and no sooner had the white men found their way round the Cape of Good Hope and established themselves successively upon the coast of East Africa, in the neighbourhood of the Gulf of Aden and the Malabar coast, than Malacca, then the chief trading centre of the Malayan Archipelago, became the object of their desire.
The incline is uniformly to the south-east, and apart from the few coast streams that reach the Gulf of Aden during the rains, all the running waters are collected in three rivers - the Nogal in the north, the Webi Shebeli in the centre, and the Juba (q.v.) I See also Abyssinia.
Italian Somaliland Italian Somaliland extends on the coast from Bandar Ziyada, a point on the Gulf of Aden intersected by 49Ã‚° E., eastward to Cape Guardafui, and thence southward to the mouth of the river Juba in oÃ‚° 15' S.
Between the Seychelles and Sokotra (0Ã‚° - 9 Ã‚° N.) there are great stretches of the ocean floor forming an almost level expanse at a depth of 2800 fathoms. The Arabian Gulf and Gulf of Aden are also very uniform with depths of about 1900 fathoms, while the floor of the Bay of Bengal rises very gradually northwards and is 1000 fathoms deep close up to the Ganges Shelf.
The action of the Red Sea water affects the whole of the Gulf of Aden and Arabian Sea, raising the temperature at the depth of 55 o fathoms to 52Ã‚° or 53Ã‚° F.
This Scale, 1:9,000,000 35Ã‚° second range sends a chain (the Harrar hills) eastward to the Gulf of Aden.
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