Both present the appearance of diminutive clusters of grapes, at the anterior end of the kidneys, close to the suprarenal bodies, separated from each other by the descending aorta and by the vena cava where this is formed by the right and left vena iliaca communis.
- Black Rot of Grapes, Guignardia Bidwellii.
Grapes, barley, esparto grass, dry figs, almonds and zinc are exported.
Near the mountains grapes are grown, from which wine of a good quality is made.
Her attitude wasn't as Alex had said, 'sour grapes', and he knew it.
The eggs are dropped into the water by the female in large masses, resembling, in some species, bunches of grapes in miniature.
Pythium, Peronospore, Completoria, Vol utelta, Botrytis, &c. That such overturgescence should lead to the bursting of fleshy fruits, such as gooseberries, tomatoes and grapes, is not surprising, nor can we wonder that fermentation and mould Fungi rapidly spread in such fruits; and the same is true for bulbs and herbaceous organs generally.
On the slope of its hills grow the grapes from which the famous Armagnac brandy is made.
Grapes similarly attacked.
Everyone might have thought it was sour grapes, though.
The agricultural products are corn, flax, tobacco, grapes and various other fruits.
To the right of Spengel's osphradium is the opening of a peculiar gland which has, when dissected out, the form of a bunch of grapes; its secretion is said to be poisonous.
They are not very wrong to eat too many grapes because they do not know much.
It's all sour grapes.
Indian corn, quinoa, mandioca, possibly the potato, cotton and various fruits, including the strawberry, were already known to the aborigines, but with the conqueror came wheat, barley, oats, flax, many kinds of vegetables, apples, peaches, apricots, pears, grapes, figs, oranges and lemons, together with alfalfa and new grasses for the plains.
high; the ornament consists mainly of a most beautiful band of foliage, chiefly of the vine, with bunches of grapes; the ground is blue and the ornaments white; it was found at Pompeii in the house of the faun.
The disease spreads from grape to grape, so that as a rule many of the grapes in a bunch are destroyed.
His special pride was the big garden where, it was said, he raised the finest watermelons and strawberries in the county; and to me he brought the first ripe grapes and the choicest berries.
When you come to Tuscumbia to see me I hope my father will have many sweet apples and juicy peaches and fine pears and delicious grapes and large water melons.
What mean ye by saying that the poor ye have always with you, or that the fathers have eaten sour grapes, and the children's teeth are set on edge?
There is a large variety of fruits, and the cultivation of grapes for winemaking is developing into a profitable industry.
The grapes are not assailed until nearly full-grown, when a brownish spot appears, which spreads over the 2 FIG.
Overhead she finally saw something she recognized... grapes.
On the north the park is bordered by a vinery producing fine white grapes.
Fruits normally form the principal crop; the total value for 1907-8 of the fruit crops of the state (including oranges, lemons, limes, grape-fruit, bananas, guavas, pears, peaches, grapes, figs, pecans, &c.) was $6,160,299, according to the report of the State Department of Agriculture.
In the vegetable kingdom glucose occurs, always in admixture with fructose, in many fruits, especially grapes, cherries, bananas, &c.; and in combination, generally with phenols and aldehydes belonging to the aromatic series, it forms an extensive class of compounds termed glucosides.
Among the manufactures of the township are carriages and products of planing mills, foundries and machine shops; and grapes and fruits are raised in the surrounding country.
The prosperity of the town depends chiefly on the vine culture in the neighbourhood, from which, besides the exportation of a large quantity of grapes, about 700,000 gallons of wine are manufactured annually.
When living near the coast foxes will, however, visit the shore at low water in search of crabs and whelks; and the old story of the fox and the grapes seems to be founded upon a partiality on the part of the creature for that fruit.
Tangerines, lemons, limes, grapes, guavas, figs, cashews or caws (A nacardium occidentale), mangabas (Hancornia speciosa), joboticabas (Eugenia cauli ora and E.
Stock-raising was for a time the principal industry, but agriculture has been largely developed in several localities, among the chief products of which are cotton - Coahuila is the principal cotton-producing state in Mexico - Indian corn, wheat, beans, sugar and grapes.
Oranges are cultivated chiefly in the Rustenburg, Waterberg, Zoutpansberg and Pretoria districts, grapes in Potchefstroom, Pretoria and Marico, as well as in the Zoutpansberg and Waterberg, to which northern regions the cultivation of the banana is confined.
Other agricultural products are sweet potatoes, cassava (manioc), yuca, yams, white potatoes, maguey, okra, peanuts, pease, all the vegetables of the hot and temperate climates, oranges, lemons, limes, bananas, plantains, figs, grapes, coco-nuts, pine-apples, strawberries, plums, guavas, breadfruit, mangoes and many others.
wide, with feet and straight sides; on the larger are a lion and a bull, on the smaller two birds with grapes, and on each some smaller ornaments.
A vine, for instance, that produces bunches of grapes at each joint is preferable to one in which there are several barren joints, as a larger quantity can be grown within a smaller area.
The number of varieties of grapes possessing some merit is considerable, but a very few of them will be found sufficient to supply all the wants of the cultivator.
The disease is characterized by the appearance of a mycelium forming white or greyish-white patches on the young leaves; this spreads quickly and attacks the older leaves and branches, and ultimately reaches the grapes.
The mycelium spreads through the green parts of the plant, attacking the leaves, twigs and unripe grapes.
The grapes which are attacked cease to grow, turn brown or white, and ultimately dry up and fall off.
This spot increases in size; in the stalks it assumes an oval shape, with its long axis parallel to the stalk, whilst in the leaves and grapes it is more or less circular in outline.
The centre of the spots on the grapes becomes darker as the disease advances, and a red line appears dividing the dark brown border into an outer and an inner rim and giving a very characteristic appearance to the diseased plant.
In their mode of attack, in the symptoms they produce, and in the result upon the grapes and the vine the two fungi are so much alike that for practical purposes they may be regarded as identical.
Grapes attacked by the fungus; the fruit becomes black, hard and shrivelled.
The fungus is most conspicuous on the grapes, but the leaves and stems From Hartig's Lehrbuch der Pfanzenkrankheiten, by permission of Julius Springer.
Fruits in great variety are grown everywhere in Peru, but beyond local market demands their commercial production is limited to grapes and olives.
Grapes are produced in many of the irrigated valleys of the coast, such as Chincha, Lunahuana, Ica, Vitor, Majes, Andaray, Moquegua and Locumba, and the fruit is manufactured into wines and brandies.
The manufacturing industries of Peru are confined chiefly to the treatment of agricultural and mineral products - the manufacture of sugar and rum from sugar cane, textiles from cotton and wool, wine and spirits from grapes, cigars and cigarettes from tobacco, chocolate from cacao, kerosene and benzine from crude petroleum, cocaine from coca, and refined metals from their ores.
MALIC ACID (HYDROXYETHYLENE SUCCINIC Acid), C4H605, an organic acid found abundantly in the juices of many plants, particularly in mountain-ash berries, in unripe apples and in grapes.
Alfalfa and grapes are the principal products, and considerable attention is given to the cultivation of other fruits, such as figs, peaches and melons.
As soon as the grapes were ripe, he squeezed the juice into a cup, and, raising it to his lips, mocked the seer, who retorted with the words, lIoXXa / ï¿½ra b Ira a Ki X K01 Kai xE6AEos aKpOU (" there is many a slip between the cup and the lip").
Its chief exports are seedless grapes ("currants"), olive-oil, silk and cereals.
There is a considerable area under vines, but it is generally more profitable to sell the fruit as grapes than to convert it into wine.
The soil, though not very fertile, except in some of the valleys and sheltered hillsides, produces wheat, maize, barley, rye, flax, grapes, peaches, apples and other fruits.
In imperial times we hear little of it, though its grain and grapes were famous.
The grapes are arrested in their growth and their skin is wrinkled.
The Santa Clara Valley has many vegetable and flower-seed farms; it is one of the most fertile of the fruit regions of California, prunes, grapes, peaches and apricots being produced in especial abundance.
Chautauqua county alone produced more than one-half of the state's crop of grapes in 1899, but this fruit is grown extensively also in the region W.
Oranges, lemons, grapes, passion fruit, figs, pine-apples, guavas and other fruits grow abundantly; while potatoes, onions, maize and arrowroot can be cultivated.
Its northern shores are bordered by the beautiful basaltic cones of the Bakony mountains, the volcanic soil of which produces grapes yielding excellent wine; the southern consist partly of a marshy plain, partly of downs.
Benton Harbor has a large trade in fruit (peaches, grapes, pears, cherries, strawberries, raspberries and apples) and other market garden produce raised in the vicinity.
No winter wheat can be grown, and the climate is too harsh for the larger fruits, such as apples, pears, peaches, plums and grapes; but such hardy small fruits as currants, gooseberries, raspberries, blackberries and strawberries may be grown in abundance.
Proust also investigated the varieties of sugar that occur in sweet vegetable juices, distinguishing three kinds, and he showed that the sugar in grapes, of which he announced the existence to his classes at Madrid in 1799, is identical with that obtained from honey by the Russian chemist J.
The ground was originally the property of Nicholas Longworth (1782-1863), a wealthy citizen and well-known horticulturist, who here grew the grapes from which the Catawba wine, introduced by him in 1828, was made.
The chief exports are sheep and oxen, most of which are raised in Morocco and Tunisia, and horses; animal products, such as wool and skins; wine, cereals (rye, barley, oats), vegetables, fruits (chiefly figs and grapes for the table) and seeds, esparto grass, oils and vegetable extracts (chiefly olive oil), iron ore, zinc, natural phosphates, timber, cork, crin vegetal and tobacco.
The culture of silk, flax, grapes (for wine-making) and fruits and cereals in general, and the manufacture of flour and of woollen, flannel and cotton fabrics, were carried on under a rule requiring every adult to labour 12 or 14 hours each day in field or mill.
" Tunas " or cactus fruit, red peppers, " zapotes " (the fruit of various trees), " arrayan " (Myrtus arayan), " ciruelas " or Mexican plums (Spondias), guavas, " huamuchil " (Pithecolobium dulce), tamarinds, aguacates (Persea gratissima), bananas, plantains, pineapples, grapes, oranges, lemons, limes, granadillas, chirimoyas, mammees (Mammea americana), coco-nuts, cacao, mangoes, olives, gourds and melons, are among the fruits of the country, and rice, wheat, Indian corn, beans, yams, sweet potatoes, onions and " tomatoes " (Physalis) are among its better-known food products.
The district about Parras, in southern Coahuila, produces grapes, which are principally used in the manufacture of wine and brandy.
The soil is fertile, producing wheat, maize, grapes, figs, pomegranates and wine.
The fruit crop of 1899 included 1, 97 8, 797 bushels of apples, 19,341 bushels of pears, 6054 bushels of peaches, 4942 bushels of plums, 1183 bushels of cherries, 487,500 It) of grapes, 568,640 qts.
Apples, pears and grapes are successfully grown throughout the central and southern sections, but peaches and cherries chiefly south of Lake Winnepesaukee.
Thus (in Flatey) the grapes of Vinland are found in winter and gathered in spring; the man who first finds them, Leif's foster-father Tyrker the German, gets drunk from eating the fruit; and the vines themselves are spoken of as big trees affording timber.
areas in which pears, peaches and grapes are grown in quantities in the open air.
Besides lead, the exports include grapes, sugar and esparto.
Oranges, lemons, limes, figs, mangoes, grapes and peaches, besides a considerable variety of vegetables, are raised in small quantities for local consumption.
There are large vineyards in the neighbouring hilly district, and the exportation of grapes is extensively carried on.
Grapes, peaches, plums and prunes, apricots, strawberries, raspberries and loganberries, blackberries and dewberries, currants and gooseberries are also grown.
Orchard fruits are most abundant south-east of Blue Mountain, and small fruits near the larger cities, but about two-thirds of the grapes are grown in Erie county.
Of the flora of Tibet Rockhill writes: " In the ` hot lands ' (Tsa-rong) in southern and south-eastern Tibet, extending even to Batang, peaches, apricots, apples, plums, grapes, water-melons, &c., and even pomegranates, are raised; most of Tibet only produces a few varieties of vegetables, such as potatoes, turnips, beans, cabbages, onions, &c. The principal cereals raised are barley and buckwheat, wheat in small quantities, and a little oats.
The reciprocal adaptations of insects and flowers demand attentive observation on the part of the gardener concerned with the growing of grapes, cucumbers, melons and strawberries, or with the raising of new and improved varieties of plants.
Houses of this form are excellent for general purposes, and they are well adapted both for muscats, which require a high temperature, and for late-keeping grapes.
They are best, nevertheless, when grapes and ornamental plants are grown in the same house, except, indeed, in very wet and cold districts, where, in consequence of its greater warmth, the lean-to is to be preferred.
This type of house, cheaply constructed, is in general use for raising grapes for market.
Should it be provided with a central path, requiring shade, Hambro and Sweet-water grapes serve the purpose well, and in favourable seasons afford excellent crops of fruit.
Sow a few kidney beans for an early forced crop. Expel damp, and assist the ripening of late grapes and peaches with fires during the day.
Graperies used for the forcing of foreign grapes may be started, beginning at a temperature of 50° at night, with 10° or 15° higher during the day.
Where apples, pears, peaches, grapes, &c., have set fruit thickly, thin out at least one-half to two-thirds of the young fruit.
Grapes may be pruned.
Fruit is everywhere grown, and there is a special cultivation of grapes and figs in the Westland of South Holland.
In pursuit of historical study, Adam visited the Danish court during the reign of the well-informed monarch Svend Estridsson (1047-1076), and writes that the king "spoke of an island (or country) in that ocean discovered by many, which is called Vinland, because of the wild grapes [vites] that grow there, out of which a very good wine can be made.
This expedition, too, found "grapes and self-sown wheat," though seemingly not in any great abundance.
134, in which he contends that it is most probable that the "vinber" of the sagas were not "grapes," but "wineberries," also known as the mountain or rock cranberries.
The pomegranate fields form a striking feature in the valley - the pomegranates of Kandahar, with its "sirdar" melons and grapes, being unequalled in quality by any in the East.
The vines are grown on artificial banks, probably for want of the necessary wood to trellis them - the grapes being largely exported in a semi-dried state.
In Essex and Kent, and along the shore of Lake Erie, tobacco and grapes form a staple crop, and wine of fair quality is produced.
Striped cloths and pekmez, a sweet paste made from grapes, are the principal manufactures; and tobacco and cereals the principal cultures.
The Fayum is celebrated for its grapes, and chiefly supplies the market of Cairo.
The black grapes are large, but comparatively tasteless.
The best-known fruits, besides dates and grapes, are figs, sycamore-figs and pomegranates, apricots and peaches, oranges and citrons, lemons and limes, bananas, which are believed to be of the fruits of Paradise (being always in season), different kinds of melons (including some of aromatic flavour, and the refreshing water-melon), mulberries, Indian figs or prickly pears, the fruit of the lotus and olives.
The grapes are either dried or made into a kind of syrup. In 1846 an American Protestant mission was established in the town.
Fusel, bad spirits), the name applied to the volatile oily liquids, of a nauseous fiery taste and smell, which are obtained in the rectification of spirituous liquors made by the fermentation of grain, potatoes, the marc of grapes, and other material, and which, as they are of higher boiling point than ethyl alcohol, occur in largest quantity in the last portions of the distillate.
The province is noted for its figs and grapes, the figs being of exceptionally good quality.
Grapes, which still grow abundantly in various parts, were much cultivated in ancient times.
On the lower slopes of the Cordillera there are fertile irrigated valleys which produce grapes and olives for commercial purposes, and a considerable variety of fruits, cereals and vegetables for local consumption.
12); " The fathers eat sour grapes, and the children's teeth are set on edge " (Jer.
Besides the special export of grapes and white wine, a great part of the Servian export of pigs, and almost all the export of cereals, pass through Semendria.
The summer crops (millet, sesame, figs, melons, grapes, olives, &c.) are fertilized by the heavy " dews " which are one of the most remarkable climatic features of the country and to a large extent atone for the total lack of rain for one half the year.
Grapes are grown very extensively, and the varieties are very numerous.
This is the most fertile tract in Greece, and at the present day produces oranges, citrons, almonds, figs, grapes and olives in great abundance and of excellent quality.
Grapes, blackberries, figs and strawberries have been introduced from the United States and are grown successfully in the province of Benguet.
Meanwhile his brother Buccelin, whose army was also suffering grievously from disease, partly induced by free indulgence in the grapes of Campania, encamped at Casilinum, the site of modern Capua.
Staple products have changed with increasing knowledge of climatic conditions, of life-zones and of the fitness of crops; first hides and tallow, then wool, wheat, grapes (which in the early eighteen-nineties were the leading fruit), deciduous orchard fruits, and semi-tropical citrus fruits successively.
The supremacy of the state is established in the growth of oranges, lemons, citrons, olives, figs, almonds, Persian (or English) walnuts, plums and prunes, grapes and raisins, nectarines, apricots and pomegranates; it also leads in pears and peaches, but here its primacy is not so assured.
They were introduced by the Franciscans (as were various other subtropical fruits, pears and grapes), but their scientific betterment and commercial importance date from about 1885.
Vines were first introduced by the Franciscans in 1771 from Spain, and until after 1860 " Mission "grapes were practically the only stock in California.
Grapes are grown very largely over the state.
Dry wine grapes do best in the counties around San Francisco Bay, on unirrigated lands; while sweet wine stocks do best in Yolo, San Joaquin and the counties of the raisin grape, and on irrigated lands.
They are made chiefly from grapes, and are used to fortify wines.
It was officially estimated that in the spring of 1904 there were some 227,000 acres of vineyards in the state, of which exactly five-tenths were in wine grapes and four-tenths in raisin grapes.
Olives, chestnuts and grapes are grown, and silk-worms are kept.
Ethylene succinic acid occurs in amber, in various resins and lignites, in fossilized wood, in many members of the natural orders of Papaveraceae and Compositae, in unripe grapes, urine and blood.
It is probable that the discovery that an intoxicating and pleasant beverage could be made from grape juice was purely accidental, and that it arose from observations made in connexion with crushed or bruised wild grapes, much as the manufacture of beer, or in its earliest form, mead, may be traced back to the accidental fermentation of wild honey.
Plastering appears to have been known at an early date, and when the juice of the grapes was too thin for the production of a good wine, it was occasionally boiled down with a view to concentration.
on the weather conditions preceding and during the gathering of the grapes and th© subsequent fermentation.
When the grapes have attained to maturity they are collected by hand and then transferred in baskets or carts to the press house.
If pure yeast is added in this manner in relatively large quantities, it will tend to predominate, inasmuch as the number of yeast cells derived from the grapes is at the commencement of fermentation relatively small.
The proportion of sugar present in the juice of ripe grapes varies considerably according to the type of grape, the locality and the harvest.
In temperate climates it varies as a rule between 15 and 20%, but in the case of hot climates or where the grapes are treated in a special manner, it may rise as high as 35% and more.
The leaves shrivel, the plant ceases to grow, and the grapes that are formed also shrivel and die.
Thus the disease known as tourne or casse is generally caused by the wine having been made or partly made from grapes affected by mildew.
In some countries, particularly in Italy, Spain and Portugal, it has been and still is a common practice to add a small quantity of gypsum to the fermenting must or to dust it over the grapes prior to pressing.
The grapes from which the stalks are partly or wholly (and occasionally not at all) removed are crushed by treading or some other simple method, but sometimes even this is omitted, the juice being expressed by the weight of the grapes themselves, or by the pressure caused by incipient fermentation.
The wines are made entirely from white grapes, and the methods of collecting the latter, and of working them up Analyses of Chateau Lafite of Different Vintages.'
The grapes are allowed to remain on the vines some three to four weeks longer than is the case in the Medoc, and the result is that they shrivel up and become over-ripe, and so contain relatively little water and a very large quantity of sugar.
When the grapes have attained the proper degree of ripeness, or rather over-ripeness, they are gathered with the greatest care, the berries being frequently cut off from the branches singly, and sorted according to their appearance.
The grapes are then not crushed, but are immediately pressed, and the juice alone is subjected to fermentation.
The Plant gris, or Meunier, yields grapes of a somewhat inferior quality.
The best qualities of wine are made almost exclusively from the black grapes.
For the same reason the grapes are collected in baskets in order to avoid excessive pressure, and are transported in these to the press house.
As a rule, three qualities of wine are made from one batch of grapes, the first pressing yielding the best quality, whilst the second and third are relatively inferior.
There is also a variety of Pedro-Ximenes, which, however, is not used for making ordinary wine, but for the purpose of preparing the so-called dulce, a very sweet must or wine, made from over-ripe grapes, which, after fortification with spirit, is employed for sweetening other wines.
The grapes are, after gathering, dusted over with plaster of Paris, and then crushed by treading in a shallow rectangular vessel termed the lagar.
There appears to be no predominant and distinct type of vine, such as is the case in other viticultural districts, but a number of varieties, mostly yielding grapes of a medium size are common to the Douro vineyards.
The process of converting the Alto Douro grapes into wine differs in some material particulars from those employed elsewhere.
The grapes are cut and then conveyed in baskets by the Gallegos (as the labourers who come specially from Galicia in Spain for this purpose are termed) to the winery.
Here the stalks are removed, generally by a machine similar to the French egrappoir, and the grapes then placed in the lagar.
The grapes are first trodden for a period varying from twenty-four hours upwards, and are then allowed to ferment in the lagar itself.
White port is made from white grapes, and a peculiarity of its manufacture is that the must is frequently fermented in the presence of the skins, which is most unusual in the case of white wines.
The grapes are allowed to become over-ripe and are then selected by hand.
This plant appears to be indigenous to the Rhine valley, and the finest wines are made exclusively from its grapes.
The vintage on the Rhine is, in order to permit the grapes to acquire the " over-ripeness " necessary to the peculiar character of the wines, generally very late, rarely taking place before the end of October.
Among the best-known wines in Piedmont are the Barolos and the wines of Asti, which are made from a species of muscatel grapes.
The finest varieties of Tokay are made entirely or mainly from Furmint grapes which have been allowed to become over-ripe in a manner somewhat similar to that obtaining in the Sauternes districts.
This is produced by placing the finest grapes in casks and drawing off the juice which exudes naturally as a result of the weight of the material.
This is produced by pressing a mixture of dried grapes and fully ripe grapes and fermenting the must so obtained.
This is obtained by extracting dried grapes with the must of ordinary grapes.
According to the amount of dried grapes (zibebs) employed, the wine is termed I to 5 " buttig."
A good deal of sweet wine is also made, particularly in the Fresno district, where, however, a large proportion of the grapes is grown with a view to making raisins.
The common, yet excellent melons, watermelons, grapes, apricots, cherries, plums, apples, are within the reach of the poorest.
Wheat, barley, rice, beans and various oil-yielding plants are grown, and melons, grapes, apples and other fruits.
Another therapeutic method is the so-called "grape cure," in which, along with a regulated diet, five or six pounds of grapes are eaten daily.
As the grapes contain a quantity of water and of salts, they tend to lessen the amount of food taken, to increase the action of the bowels, and to stimulate the kidneys.
The botryoidal formations hanging by thousands in Mary's Vineyard resemble mimic clusters of grapes, as the oulopholites resemble roses.
east and west along the southern shore of the Bakhtegán lake and produces much grain, cotton, good tobacco and excellent fruit, particularly pomegranates and grapes, walnuts and figs.
In addition to grapes the commoner fruits include quinces, apples, pears, cherries, limes, lemons and loquats (Port.
Strawberries and Sahara dates; alfalfa, wheat, barley, corn and sorghum; oranges, lemons, wine grapes, limes, olives, figs, dates, peanuts and sweet potatoes; yams and sugar beets, show the range of agricultural products.
The introduction of the " Concord " grape, first produced here by Ephraim Bull in 1853, is said to have marked the beginning of the profitable commercial cultivation of table grapes in the United States.
The principal natural product in this region is orchil, or Spanish moss, but by means of irrigation the soil produces a considerable variety of products, including sugar cane, cotton, cassava, cereals, tobacco and grapes.
They are also fond of grapes and other fruits, and are thus the pests of the vineyard as well as the poultryyard.
The surrounding country is chiefly pastoral, but there is a small area under vineyards, and in addition to grapes some other fruits are produced.
In 1899 the total value of the crop was $4,082,788; the value of the orchard fruit was $2,594,981; of small fruits, $1,406,049; and of grapes, $81,758.
The valleys near the sea are well adapted for agriculture; oranges, lemons, almonds and other fruit trees thrive; silk is produced in the west; and the vine is extensively cultivated, less for the production of wine than to meet the foreign demand for white Almeria grapes.
Although the cost of transport is very heavy, the exportation of grapes is a flourishing industry, and more than 2,000,000 barrels are annually sent abroad.
The exports are minerals, esparto, oil, grain, grapes and farm produce generally.
White grapes are exported in very large quantities.
The relation between both classes is well illustrated by a fragment of the Cretan poet Hybrias, who thus glories in his shield and sword: "I till the land with them, I press the wine from the grapes.
The former story has been connected with the sailors' custom of hanging vine leaves, ivy and bunches of grapes round the masts of vessels in honour of vintage festivals.
Orchard fruits, small fruits and grapes are produced in large quantities, and a fruit experiment station, the only institution of its kind in the country in 1900, is maintained by the state at Mountain Grove, in Wright county.
Grapes are mainly grown in the Ozark region, and wine is produced in Gasconade and other central and north-central counties in amounts sufficient to place Missouri, California aside, in the front rank of wine states in the Union.
Other local products are carpets (silk and felt), silk goods, hides, grapes, rice and other cereals, fruits, tobacco, opium and cotton.
The grapes are among the finest in the world, whilst the fruit is produced in almost unrivalled abundance.
Large quantities of table grapes are also grown.
The town is surrounded by fine vineyards, some 3 o kinds of grapes being cultivated, and tobacco is grown.
Large quantities of peaches, grapes and small fruits are grown; the islands in the west end have a climate much warmer and more equable than the adjoining mainland, and are practically covered with vineyards.
Cultivated fruits, such as apples, pears, peaches, plums, grapes and berries, are raised in large quantities for the market.
A succession of gardens bordered the Orontes, and the vineyards were remarkable for their abundant yield of grapes.
From Beybazar come the fine pears sold in Constantinople as "Angora pears"; its muskmelons are equally esteemed; its grapes are used only for a sweetmeat called jevizli-sujuk (" nutty fruit sausage").
In the country feast of the vintage, held at the time of the gathering of the grapes, and the city festival of March 17th called Liberalia (Ovid, Fasti, 111.
Under these conditions, there are grown wheat (a limited extent), grapes, oranges, olives and tobacco.
Oklahoma is already producing large crops of apples, peaches, grapes, water-melons and musk-melons, and many large apple and peach orchards and vineyards have been planted.
Among fruits, grapes and mulberries are rare, but melons and watermelons, especially the latter, are abundant.
The export of wines of the southJerez, Malaga and other fullbodied wines styled generosodid not suffer so much, and England and France continued to take much the same quantities of such wines- There is also a large export of grapes and raisins, especially from Malaga, Valencia, AlmerIa and Alicante.
The vines whose fruit is intended for table use as grapes or raisins are trained on espaliers or on trees, especially the nettle-tree (Celtis ausiralis)
Plums, grapes and the dwarf " sand-cherry " (Prunus demissa) of the sand-hills are prominent among many wild fruits.
In the privet (Ligustrum vulgare) there are numerous racemes of dichasia arranged in a racemose manner along an axis; the whole inflorescence thus has an appearance not unlike a bunch of grapes, and has been called a thyrsus.
The site has details on the research projects being carried out, which include blueberry, strawberry, grapes, vegetables and fruit fly.
botrytis grapes had now been carefully collected.
bramble bush gather they grapes.
She wore a bright red glass broach like a bunch of grapes.
bunch of grapes.
The Nash family were fruit growers, producing grapes under huge glass cloches that could be rolled into place on a rail track.
cluster of grapes; It is not in the juice made from the grapes.
Do the curious checkered sacks beneath his chin represent fir cones or grapes?
By and by her daughter became convalescent, and was crying continually for some grapes, tho it was winter.
Breakfast - grapes and apple slices, yogurt and a cheese croissant - arrived while Essex was still visible beneath the clouds.
Then the grapes were trodden, and the liquor fermented and allowed to settle for a couple of months.
fermented grapes had on his goats.
The grapes are harvested and yeast is added to the grape juice to induce fermentation.
fortifyd of Production: A light white wine was made with very ripe Palomino grapes and fortified with neutral spirit.
Or maybe swordfish loin wrapped in vine leaves with potato gnocchi, grapes and lemon butter?
However, lack of rain is not enough as of course you need sunshine and warmth to ripen grapes.
Here, workers would tread the grapes and the juice would pour into a large barrel below.
grapes on vines with a variety of vegetables grown in season.
sour grapes on behalf of your daddy, maybe?
Surround with seedless grapes or Little Gem lettuce leaves.
Verjuice is the sour (green) juice extracted from crab apples or unripe grapes.
It is a heady combination of crushed grapes and warm Chilean sun trapped in glass.
grapes of wrath.
grapes of thorns, or figs of thistles?
grapes from thornbushes, or figs from thistles.
grapes from this particular vineyard are not destined for the wine bottle.
grapes from the vine above our heads, figs from the trees, great home-cooked local food.
Pruning backyard grapevines Proper pruning of your backyard grapevines is essential to maintain vine size, shape, and yield of the grapes.
handpicked grapes were crushed without removing the stems to give a mild level of skin contact.
Grapes contain resveratrol, found to inhibit cancer initiation, promotion and progression.
They may include hardy kiwis [Actinidia spp ], and grapes [Vitis spp] .
It is here that the grapes for the famous dessert wine malvasia are grown along with capers and olives.
At home, consider having a meringue, an ice lolly or some frozen fruit perhaps red berries or grapes.
molar pregnancy develops a placenta that looks like ' a bunch of grapes ' without an accompanying fetus.
The grilled pineapple with sauteed grapes and butterscotch ice cream and the white chocolate and passion fruit mousse will have to await another visit.
It has long been a tradition in Mediterranean Europe for wine estates to grow olives alongside their grapes in order to produce olive oil.
platters of fruit looked most inviting, melon, bananas, grapes and apples.
Its volcanic soil has produced a profusion of tomatoes, olives, walnuts, grapes, oranges, lemons and figs.
Either use white quinoa with red grapes, or red quinoa with green grapes.
At break times, sliced red peppers, packets of grapes and fresh orange segments are available to buy.
Leslie's great interests in wine was given full rein with his own series Grantham's Grapes.
One of the more remarkable intaglios depicts a satyr holding a bunch of grapes, in a silver ring from Weybourne in Norfolk.
Oh well, i'll just have to get shitfaced with grapes then!
Oh, but how well sour grapes can be relied upon to stir the soul!
The first is that the sugars in dried grapes do not include any sucrose or glucose, only fructose.
Crops include sugar beet, potatoes, grain, grapes, tobacco, flax, hemp and wine.
sultana grapes covering the surrounding countryside.
The grapes were harvested by machine and batches were fermented in a mixture of American oak barrels and stainless steel tanks.
threshing of the corn to produce bread and the trampling of grapes to produce wine.
unripe grapes or dried grapes.
useless bunches of grapes.
It is made exclusively from white Chardonnay grapes from the most renowned vineyards of the CÃ´te des Blancs.
Elliot and Joel bought giant watermelons and David bought some grapes.
NOBLE ROT A benign fungus called ' botrytis cinerea ' which rots and shrivels the grapes to produce superb sweet white wines.
white wine made from grapes grown in the old French province of Champagne.
Champagne is sparkling white wine made from grapes grown in the old French province of Champagne.
Made under the supervision of experienced winemaker Eric Laurent using 100% Cabernet Franc grapes, this is a typical example of Saumur Rouge.
Figure 2. The Sortex Niagara color sorter processing Chardonnay grapes at an Australian winery.
21, 22; compound creatures); (14) the hedgehog (pricks grapes upon its quills); (15) the fox (catches birds by simulating death); (16) the panther (spotted skin; enmity to the dragon; sleeps for three days after meals; allures its prey by sweet odour); (17) the sea-tortoise (or aspidochelone; mistaken by sailors for an island); (18) the partridge (hatches eggs of other birds); (19) the vulture (assisted in birth by a stone with loose kernel); (20) the ant-lion (able neither to take the one food nor to digest the other); (21) the weasel (conceives by the mouth and brings forth by the ear); (22) the unicorn (caught only by a virgin); (23) the beaver (gives up its testes when pursued); (24) the hyaena (a hermaphrodite); (25) the otter (enhydris; enters the crocodile's mouth to kill it); (26) the ichneumon (covers itself with mud to kill the dragon; another version of No.
Figs and grapes degenerate in Cuba.
The d modification is of the commonest occurrence, the other forms being only known as synthetic products; for this reason it is usually termed glucose, simply; alternative names are dextrose, grape sugar and diabetic sugar, in allusion to its right-handed optical rotation, its occurrence in large quantity in grapes, and in the urine of diabetic patients respectively.
aipi), guavas (Psidium guayava, Raddi), oranges, lemons, limes, grapes, pineapples, mamdo (Carica papaya), bread-fruit (Artocarpus incisa), jack fruit (A.
in circumference; it is shaped like the earthern amphoras with a foot far too small to support it, and must no doubt have had a stand, probably of gold; the greater part is covered with a most exquisite design of garlands and vines, and two groups of boys gathering and treading grapes and playing on various instruments of music; below these is a line of sheep and goats in varied attitudes.
The fungus passes the winter in the withered grapes which fall to the ground, and on these the mature form of the fungus (fig.
As soon as the grapes were ripe, he squeezed the juice into a cup, and, raising it to his lips, mocked the seer, who retorted with the words, lIoXXa / Ã¯¿½ra b Ira a Ki X K01 Kai xE6AEos aKpOU (" there is many a slip between the cup and the lip").
Dates, almonds, grapes, figs, peaches, apricots, olives, and in rainy years melons and cucumbers grow there without irrigation.
After passing the Wonderstrands and reaching a coast indented with bays, Thorfinn put two fleet Gael runners ashore, with orders to explore southwards (see Leif Ericsson): they returned with grapes and wild wheat, proofs that the Northmen were not far from Vinland.
Graperies used for the forcing of foreign grapes may be started, beginning at a temperature of 50Ã‚° at night, with 10Ã‚° or 15Ã‚° higher during the day.
The importance of the information, meagre as it is, lies in the fact that Adam received from the lips of kinsmen of the explorers (as the Danes in a sense were) certain characteristic facts (the finding of grapes and unsown grain) that support the general reliability of the Icelandic sagas which tell of the Vinland voyages (in which these same facts are prominent), but which were not put into writing by the Norsemen until later - just how much later it is not possible to determine.
From all periods of the world - from medieval piety and stoical pride, Kant and Sophocles, science and art, religion and philosophy - with disdain of mere chronology, Hegel gathers in the vineyards of the human spirit the grapes from which he crushes the wine of thought.
It is believed to stand on the site of the Roman settlement Mons aureus, and there is a tradition that its famous vineyards - supplying Budapest and Vienna with some of the finest table grapes - were planted by the Roman emperor Probus (A.D.
Plums, prunes, peaches, pears and grapes are cultivated very generally over the western half of the state (grapes in the east also), but with greatest success in the south-west; apples prosper best in the north-west.
east and west along the southern shore of the BakhtegÃ¡n lake and produces much grain, cotton, good tobacco and excellent fruit, particularly pomegranates and grapes, walnuts and figs.
All my early lessons have in them the breath of the woods--the fine, resinous odour of pine needles, blended with the perfume of wild grapes.
Sometimes, when mother does not know it, she goes out into the vineyard, and gets her apron full of delicious grapes.
Her father wrote to her last summer that the birds and bees were eating all his grapes.
The vineyards that provide the grapes for this wine face south and the yield is limited to a maximum of 50 quintals per hectare.
Leslie 's great interests in wine was given full rein with his own series Grantham 's Grapes.
Sleepy villages relax in the sun and plump grapes ripen on the vine.
Oh well, i'll just have to get shitfaced with grapes then !
He comes looking for fruit to gather and discovers only a few pitiful bunches of shriveled grapes.
Oh, but how well sour grapes can be relied upon to stir the soul !
It is situated in the principal vine growing area with sultana grapes covering the surrounding countryside.
The Grapes is packed tonight, causing a sweltering heat aided by the fact the crowd is wrapped up for winter.
It 's made in California, exclusively from syrah grapes.
This is often taken to mean the threshing of the corn to produce bread and the trampling of grapes to produce wine.
The fruit was beautiful and we only removed 1% of leaves, unripe grapes or dried grapes.
If you do n't, you will simply get masses of tiny, useless bunches of grapes.
The grapes arrived at the wineries in a healthy condition, showing both good maturity and varietal characteristics.
Foods that need to be avoided include grapes, nuts, popcorn, hotdogs, peanut butter, and hard candy.
Be sure you steer clear of giving your child grapes, hard candy, popcorn, hotdogs, nuts, etc., and watch out for small objects that he can access.
Be sure you also give a list of foods that your child is not allowed to have, such as choking hazards like grapes, hotdogs, hard candy, etc. Of course, this list will depend on your child's age.
Fruits such as fresh pineapple, strawberries, cantaloupe, and grapes can be used.
Be sure to avoid any finger foods that might be choking hazards, such as grapes, nuts, popcorn, or large pieces of meat.
Make your own applesauce (or buy baby applesauce from the store), puree peaches or other fruits to mix with plain yogurt, or give small pieces of banana (grapes too for older babies).
Grapes are crushed to encourage fermentation.
Unlike many other fruits, grapes can ferment without the addition of sugar or other enzymes.
Yeast is added to the fermented grapes, which converts the natural sugars released by the grapes into the alcohol.
If you plan to invest in wine, while knowing about the grapes and growing reason is important, it all really comes down to the aging potential of the wine.
Climate plays a major role in the quality of the grapes used to make wine.
The regions are usually marked by a particular climate that is the best for growing that type of grape or blend of grapes that is used in that particular kind of wine.
Varietal labels are used in the United States and in countries outside of Europe to describe the kind of grapes used to make the wine.
There are about 40 different kinds of red grapes widely grown for wine around the world, ranging from the light Gamay and Pinot Noir varieties, to the popular Merlots and Zinfandels and the heavier Syrah/Shiraz.
About 50 major white wine grapes are grown around the world, with 24 grown in California alone.
Sake also falls under the category of white wines, though it is made from fermented rice rather than grapes.
Champagne and sparkling wine are mostly known in America as white wines, but they can be made from many different kinds of grapes and are more properly classified as bubbly wines.
As mentioned above, only grapes grown in the Champagne region of France are allowed to call their product Champagne.
Most white Champagne is made with Chardonnay which may be blended with other grapes.
There are also Blanc de Blanc wines, made entirely of white grapes, Blanc de Noir, made from red grapes and Rose champagne, a dark pink, rich combination of red and white grapes.
Rose is light and fruity, a popular picnic wine in Provence, while white zinfandel, made in California, is a sweet wine made from Zinfandel grapes that are picked early.
Many different kinds of desert wines are now available, including fruit wines, which are made through the fermentation of other fruits (blackberry, strawberry, cherry, cranberry, etc.) besides grapes.
The rich purple pigment, which gives the berries their characteristic color, is loaded with anthocyannins, a particular group of polyphenols which include grapes.
Acai contains as much or more anthocyannins as grapes, and is great for encouraging health, radiant skin.
It is a fact that acai berries have ten times as many antioxidant vitamins as grapes and two times the amount of blueberries.
This fruit comes from the Amazon rainforest and has more antioxidants than red wine, blueberries and grapes.
Eating acai berries would be no more risky than eating blueberries or grapes.
It's a fact that acai berries contain an exceptional amount of antioxidants, even more than grapes, blueberries and red wine.
Studies have shown that acai contains more antioxidants than grapes, blueberries or even red wine.
Fruits like the acai berry and grapes contain potent antioxidants in their rich coloring.
Grapes and vineyard motifs are excellent for the kitchen.
You may be artistic and want to paint a trellis of grape vines and grapes as a border with green, red and purple grapes.
Use a vineyard scene behind the cooktop and grape leaves or bunches of grapes in the field.
For instance, in the summer, bowls filled with limes, apples and green grapes plus small glasses filled with short ferns create a classic white and green theme that is unfussy but refined.
Berries, especially the dark berries like blueberries, blackberries, black grapes, and the like are very high in antioxidants.
Spanish colonial settlers brought citrus fruits, olives and grapes for making wine.
Then, put it back and make a better choice, such as some grapes or other nutritious food.
If you don't feel like cutting up celery, washing grapes or other fruit when you are ready for a snack, do it ahead of a time.
Grapes: Put one grape in everything that's in your fridge.
Your parents will wonder why there are grapes in the pickles, or milk.
Great examples include bananas, grapes, pears, apples, and fresh berries.
Serve along with an assortment of cubed bread, apple slices, grapes, mushrooms, cherry tomatoes and tofu chunks.
Serve a cold salad with sliced, curried tofu, chilled noodles, vegan mayo, celery, grapes, and craisins on lettuce leaves.
Choosing fall fruits and vegetables to use as accents, such as ripe grapes, gourds, pumpkins, apples, nuts, and other colorful produce.
There are the Allure Glass Grapes Place Card Holders, the "It's About Time" Champagne Bucket Timer, or the set of two champagne flutes.
Grapes are good for wine themed weddings, and cranberries provide a bright punch of color on a dark tablescape.
Players select cards from the 100-card deck and have to answer questions like, "Can white wine be made from red grapes?" or "In the Bible, Noah gets drunk on wine."
If you're getting married at a winery, don't feel like you need to have grapes on your invitation.
Weddings and wine often go hand-in-hand, regardless of whether your theme is wine and grapes, taking place in a vineyard, or if you even like the drink itself.
A simple centerpiece for a long, rectangular table is to use faux grapes and vine.
Stretch out the faux grapes on the vine the entire length of the table.
For example, crab apples can be used as an unexpected and attractive filler for your flowers, or you might choose grapes to augment purple wedding flowers.
You can expound on the theme by adding apples, grapes, and pears, depending on your color theme.
Nuts, stalks of grain, or bunches of grapes can also be used in the cornucopias.
Henry Fonda received his first Best Actor nomination in 1940 for The Grapes of Wrath.
The most important consideration when cooking for your dog is there are many food types that dogs cannot have - for example, chocolate, onions, raisins and grapes, just to name a few.
Like many other fruit crops that grow on vines, grapes also need warm temperatures and plenty of sunshine to ripen.
Grapes are especially susceptible to powdery mildew.
Learning how to grow grapes can be a simple affair or a lifetime passion.
Are you looking for a multipurpose decorative vine to shade your patio, or are you hoping to grow enough grapes to get into wine making as a hobby?
The ways in which you want to use your grapes dictate how involved or simple learning how to them can be.
Grapes have been cultivated for thousands of years.
Archaeologists tell us that the huge vats in Egyptian tombs contained wine fermented from grapes.
Many ancient civilizations relied upon grapes or a by-product of grapes for sustenance.
Grapes actually form on what is called second-year wood, so it will be about two years from the time you plant your grapes to the time when you can harvest fruits.
Grapes need to climb, and a trellis or other fence is essential for their growth and development.
Choose the variety of grapes to grow based on what you want to do with the fruit.
While some varieties such as Concord are multipurpose and make fine table grapes as well as grapes for jams and jellies, other grape varieties are especially suited for juicing, wine making, table grapes, or drying into raisins.
Grapes come in a wide variety of colors, too.
You can grow black, purple, red or white grapes.
Nurseries and garden centers usually carry grapes that are suited to your local region, so choosing plants locally helps by pre-selecting varieties that will thrive in your location.
Grapes can be grown in most temperature climates.
All grapes need full sun, defined as six hours or more per day of direct sunlight.
Grapes are particularly fussy about drainage, which is why many gardeners recommend planting grape vines on a sunny slope.
They like tasty grapes as much, if not more, than people do!
Gardening Guides "How to Grow Grapes" PDF download.
Before the planting season begins, learn how grapes grow to ensure you give them a head start.
Fresh grapes from your garden make sweet treats all summer long when grown properly.
However, when you are planting grapes in your garden, you need to provide the support structure for the grapes.
You can create a trellis for the grapes out of wood 2 by 4's or you can purchase a premade trellis.
This keeps the grapes off the ground and away from critters.
There are various factors to consider before selecting grapes to grow.
If you want them to do well, you need to learn a few more facts about how do grapes grow.
Local growing conditions and soil type play a big role in the success you can have growing grapes.
Even if the growing season is short, grapes can do well if the right varieties are selected.
Do choose a grape variety that will produce the type of grapes you want for the needs you have.
Choose a trellis system based on the type of grapes you select.
Concord grapes, for example, droop downwards and therefore need a high trellis to allow them space to grow downwards.
Many plant grapes on a hillside to allow excess water to drain away.
Grapes do best when they are positioned in full sun, which means they should have direct sunlight most times of the day.
In order to know which type of grapes to purchase, check with your local plant nursery.
In addition, your local nursery can help you to improve soil conditions to ensure your grapes do well.
Most varieties of grapes take time to grow.
You will need several growing seasons before you will actually see the mature vines produce grapes.
For these reasons, organic pesticides are often a necessary part of growing grapes.
Allow grapes to grow and produce fruit, but do not harvest too soon.
However, the color change is not an immediate indication that the grapes are fully-grown.
The best way to know when grapes are fully-grown is to use a device called a refractometer.
If you plan to make wine with the grapes, a sugar content of 24 percent is necessary to create the alcohol in the wine.
Whether your interests lay in wine and grapes, or foxes and hens, look for tile images that spark your imagination.
Since Black Hills gold refers to the tricolor gold and the motif of the grapes and grape-leaves rather than a specific type of mined gold, many jewelers may claim to sell Black Hills gold jewelry.
The world of organic wine is a little murky because to be certified organic the grapes must be grown using organic methods and the wine itself must be produced without adding chemicals or anything that isn't natural.
Wines labeled 100 percent organic are made with certified organic grapes, produced in an organic fashion, and limit the amount of naturally occurring sulfites that make it to the bottle.
A label that just says "organic" that means that up to 5 percent of the grapes or other ingredients in the bottle may not be organic.
You might also see labels that say the wine was made from organic grapes, but the wine itself is not certified organic.
This label can be used if the wine is made from at least 70 percent organic grapes.
It pays to take some time to investigate the organic wine world and try a few different wineries and grapes before settling on your favorite.
Wine grapes traditionally are very heavily sprayed with pesticides and other chemicals, so choosing organic wine keeps those chemicals out of your system and out of the environment.
Different varieties of grapes may be grown because there is more emphasis on what the earth is able to grow rather than forcing a certain variety through chemical means.
The grapes on the "Dirty Dozen" list are those that are imported.
Domestic grapes have a rating of 43, not great, but not bad enough to make the list.
Imported grapes ,on the other hand, have a rating of 65.
Like grapes, strawberries are very susceptible to mold and are therefore one of the most heavily chemically treated fruits in the country.
During the growing process, grapes are subjected to chemical pesticides, herbicides, and fertilizers.
These are usually not washed off before processing, which means that the chemicals still present on the skins of the grapes will now be present in the wine itself.
Organic wine must be made from certified 100% organic grapes.
In order to increase acidity, they may use grapes in various stages of development.
Wines made with organically grown grapes are wines that must follow organic guidelines during the growing process.
This allows for high quality grapes with fewer chemical residues and less expense.
There are certain foods that dogs shouldn't eat like grapes and chocolate.
We chose this wine because one of our group had heard special praise for the grapes from the Pisoni Vinyard and because Wine Specator had given it such a high rating.
The vineyards grow primarly Chardonnay grapes, as well small amounts of Aligoté and Pinot Blanc.
Emperor and king Charlemagne originally planted white wine grapes on the Corton hillside sometime in the 8th century.
Following her suggestion, Charlemagne planted white wine grapes, and the resultant wines provided a colorless alternative that kept his facial hair pristine.
The well-drained soil and upslope location alllows for superior concentration of flavors as the grapes mature.
Pinot Blanc: A white mutation of the Pinot Noir grape (the red wine grape grown throughout the Burgundy region), Pinot Blanc resembles Chardonnay and often grows alongside these grapes.
The terroir imparts a flinty minerality to the wine, while the grapes add flavors of baked pears and figs.
Wine character may vary depending on where on the hillside the grapes grow.
Made from a combination of Pinot Noir and Chardonnay grapes, Champagne works well with almost all foods.
With a grapes sourced from a prime growing region and experienced winemakers, Williams Seylem continues to produce high-quality, enjoyable wines.
The "Mer" stands for the sea, which in this case refers to the Pacific Ocean that brings a fog and cool breeze to the vinyards, "Soleil" is the sunshine that brings the grapes to maturity.
Horticulturists began planting grapes in the Oregon Territory almost as soon as they arrived in the region via the Oregon Trail.
The key to growing wine grapes successfully in Oregon is that they need to be cold tolerant.
Because sparkling wine comes mostly from Pinot Noir and Chardonnay grapes, Oregon produces just the right grape varieties to make delicious versions.
With more than 200 wineries and over 1,200 acres of wine grapes, Oregon's Wilamette Valley produces some of the state's best known wines.
Grapes grown in Eastern Oregon are heartier due to the extremes in temperature during the summer and winter.
With skilled winemakers, varied grape growing conditions, and a variety of grapes, you're sure to find an Oregon wine you will enjoy.
Champagnes contain wines from two grapes: Pinot Noir and Chardonnay.
Hailing from Spain, Cava wines use the traditional Méthode Champenoise, but incorporate different grapes.
Winemakers may incoprorate many grapes, including Reisling, Pinot Gris, Pinot Noir, and Pinot Blanc.
True Champagne comes from France and is produced from Pinot Noir and Chardonnay grapes using the méthode champenoise, a system of fermentation that produces bubbles by introducing a second fermentation in the bottle.
Originally, the 5th century Romans cultivated red wine grapes in the Champagne region, making them into red wines.
Champagne types are classified by level of sweetness, grapes used to make the wine, and color of the finished product.
Vintage Champagnes use grapes that all come from a single year, and they are typically released in good to very good years.
Non-vintage (NV) Champagnes utilize a blend of grapes from multiple years.
A blanc de blancs Champagne contains only Chardonnay grapes, while a blanc de noirs Champagne contains only Pinot Noir grapes.
One of the oldest wine growing countries in the world, France offers a variety of Old World wines made from a vast array of grapes in multiple styles.
All throughout the French countryside, you will see verdant vineyards growing rows and rows of grapes.
In 2009, only Spain outproduced France in acreage of wine grapes grown.
Currently, France grows approximately 11 percent of the world's wine grapes, at about two million acres throughout the country.
French law dictates what types of grapes can be blended into wines with an appellation designation.
Perhaps the most well-known of all of France's wine regions, Bordeaux produces Cabernet Sauvignon-Merlot blends with other grapes added including Petite Verdot, Cabernet Franc, Carmenère, and Malbec.
White Bordeaux wines are typically late harvest, sweet wines made from Sémillon and Sauvignon Blanc grapes.
The region also produces Chablis wines, made from Chardonnay grapes.
The wines contain blends or singular varietals made from Pinot Noir and Chardonnay grapes.
Alsace is known for its acidic, spicy whites with flavors of apples and citrus, made from traditional German winemaking grapes.
This region produces many French table wines made from blends of red grapes such as Mourvèdre, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, and Grenache.
The wines from the region range from whites and blush wines to full-bodied reds, depending on the blend of grapes used.
The grapes are from low yielding vines from Amador, El Dorado and Lake Counties.
The blend is comprised of a bewildering assortment of grapes: Syrah, Petite Syrah, Zinfandel, Carignane, Barbera and Malbec.
Any vinter who can throw this many grapes into a vat and come out with good juice deserves support and praise.
I don't usually like Californian versions of typically Italian grapes but this wasn't bad as it managed to have some acidity that balanced out the reasonably ripe fruit.
Probably wisely the winemakers did not try to replicate an Italian recipe, instead throwing in some Cabernet Sauvignon and Petite Sirah along with the Italian grapes.
Most if not all of these grapes are sold as bulk and provide the fodder for California's mass-produced lesser quality wines.
Time will sort out which grapes perform best in the various areas and regions but the future is definitely rosy for California wines.
The only serious problem California faces is too many grapes.
The cost of the grapes is perhaps the biggest factor in the price of the wine.
If the winery is paying top dollar for the grapes to be farmed perfectly and picked gently, etc. you can bet that the cost is not only high, but that the cost will be passed onto you to make a profit.
Their Pisoni Vineyard Pinot is made from the much-prized Pinot Noir grapes from the Pisoni Vineyard in the Santa Lucia Highlands.
The Shenandoah Zinfandel Special Reserve is made from organically certified grapes and adheres to the Amador style of Zinfandel.
Simple and refreshing, the wine is as expected coming from grapes sourced throughout all of Washington.
You can make wine from concentrates that are available in kits or from fresh grapes.
With fresh grapes you will have to monitor critical factors like the sugar and acid levels and make required adjustments as you go along, however the end product can be superior.
Beginners should work with kits initially and then graduate to using fresh grapes as their wine making experience grows.
Premium Shiraz grapes are pulled in from McLaren Vale, Coonawarra, Barossa Valley, Padthaway, and the Robe-all the best spots in Australia.
Stags' Leap Winery's grapes grow loamy clay with volcanic soil yielding powerful wines with sturdy tannins.
The family-owned wine estate also operates as a nègociant, buying grapes and wine from local producers in the region and they reliably can do no wrong.
The Sonoma County wine industry is one of the largest in the United States, and the county is California's top producing wine region, with nearly 1800 square miles and 60,000 square acres of wine grapes planted each year.
Sonoma County has been growing wine grapes since the early 1800s.
With a variety of soil conditions and microclimates throughout Sonoma County, the grapes produced yield surprising variety, not just in type, but also in varietals.
So ideal are grape growing conditions in Sonoma County that wine grapes make up 73 percent of the region's agricultural output.
What types of wine grapes grow in Sonoma County?
Or I think of one of the traditional grapes blended as part of a fine Bordeaux.
Barolos made with Nebbiolo grapes have big tannins that usually require a few years of taming.
Throughout the rest of the world, Sauvignon Blanc grapes produce a dry white wine with flavors of grapefruit, grass, and bell pepper.
Crawford acted as a negociant, buying grapes, using various winery facilities, and running all the business operations from their tidy little family home in Auckland, New Zealand.
Sometimes winemakers add this many different grapes and the outcome is just a muddled mess.
It's juicy and balanced, all grapes considered.
The winery functions more in the traditional sense of a nègociant; they source surplus grapes and wine from various growers and producers throughout the United States, bottle it, and market it.
Columbia Valley is just one of the AVAs in Washington and Oregon where Duck Pond Cellars owns the vineyards from which they source their wine grapes.
Grapes for this Chardonnay comes from two desert-influenced vineyards that makes life tough for the grape.
There are more than 100 grapes that can be used to make Port, although five are the most commonly used.
Late Bottled Vintage (LBV) Port uses less select grapes, but ages in wood for several years.
White Port is made from multiple vintages of white grapes, and is fortified.
The premise for their Cab was to use the best grapes from the best California appellations, age it up to five years, first in American oak barrels for 24 to 30 months, and then bottle and cellar it for another 18 months.
Silver Oak has limited vineyard property in Napa Valley, and they traditionally have purchased their grapes from other growers.
The Alexander Valley is 100 percent Cabernet Sauvignon with grapes from several vineyards.
Lynn and his family purchased the Quail Hill Ranch, where the winery is located today, back in 1980 and planted grapes.
They sold grapes for years to other famous Pinot Noir and Chardonnay producers until Lynn decided the quality of the fruit was such that he wanted to make his own wine.
His answer was simple: To be the best it can be, using the best grapes, best technology and old world knowledge, and best staff to execute it.
Made from 100 percent Chardonnay grapes, this sparkling wine exhibits pineapple, tropical and some lemon-lime notes as well.
The winery does have 500 acres of vineyards in Monterey, 16 acres at Rutherford in Napa Valley, and they source grapes from partners in Alexander Valley in Sonoma and from the Central Coast's Santa Maria Valley and Paso Robles.
These are Marsala, Port and Almondoro dessert wines made from California Central Valley grapes.
Regardless that grapes don't grow just anywhere, there are several wine regions from the north to the south and as far east as the Sierra foothills that do.
Not all places that grow grapes and make wine do that.
The majority of grapes are grown in the Central and San Joaquin Valleys, a north to south swath of agricultural terrain that cuts almost the length of the state.
Besides that and water skiing and fishing in the lake, much of the grapes grown here are for the likes of Beringer and Kendall-Jackson but there are are handful of wineries to visit.
Many of the wineries here source grapes from other regions to make their wines.
So, the detailed explanation of what Cognac is: a double-distilled brandy made from grapes from the west-central region called Charente-Maritime.
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