Great confusion prevailed in the first years of American dominion owing to the diversities of languages and the grafting of such Anglo-Saxon institutions as the jury upon the older system.
- Grafting is so extensively resorted to that it is impossible here to notice all its phases.
Head back stocks preparatory to grafting.
Propagate rare and fine plants by cuttings or grafting; increase bouvardias by cuttings, and grow on for winter flowering.
Baltet, The Art of Grafting and Budding; W.
The Kabyles understand grafting, have fine orchards and grow vines.
It is propagated by seeds, and occasionally by budding, grafting or inarching for the perpetuation of special varieties.
The object of grafting is to expedite and increase the formation of flowers and fruit.
Double grafting (French, greffe sur greffe) is sufficiently explained by its name.
It may be propagated by suckers and layers, by grafting and by sowing.
Begin grafting in the third week; dig and dress between the rows of gooseberries, currants and other fruit trees, if not already done.
These "psychically decadent" individuals appear to represent the entire male sex of a bisexual species, and become unnecessary owing to the grafting of hermaphroditism on the female sex.
More indirect methods, such as the grafting of less resistant scions on more vigorous stocks, of raising special late or early varieties by crossing or selection, and so on, have also met with success; but it must be understood that resistant in such cases usually means that some peculiarity of quick growth, early ripening or other life-feature in the plant is for the time being taken advantage of.
The dwarf and pyramid trees, more usually planted in gardens, are obtained by grafting on the quince stock, the Portugal quince being the best; but this stock, from its surface-rooting habit, is most suitable for soils of a cold damp nature.
From 1858 to 1863 there were many importations of American vines for grafting purposes to Bordeaux, Roquemaure and other parts of France, England, Ireland, Germany, Portugal, &c. It is practically certain that the deadly phylloxera was imported on these plants.
In some instances buds form on the roots, and may be used for purposes of propagation, as in the Japan quince, the globe thistle, the sea holly, some sea lavenders, Bocconia, Acanthus, &c. Of the tendency in buds to assume an independent existence gardeners avail themselves in the operations of striking " cuttings," and making " layers " and " pipings," as also in budding and grafting.
Grafting or " working " consists in the transfer of a branch, the " graft " or " scion," from one plant to another, which latter is termed the " stock."
Partial starvation will sometimes effect this; hence the grafting of freegrowing fruit trees upon dwarfing stocks, as before alluded to, and also the " ringing " or girdling of fruit trees, i.e.
The scions should be taken off some weeks before they are wanted, and half-buried in the earth, since the stock at the time of grafting should in point of vegetation be somewhat in advance of the graft.
The best season for grafting apples and similar hardy subjects in the open air is in March and April; but it may be commenced as soon as the sap in the stock is fairly in motion.
Various kinds of grafting wax are now obtainable, and are a great improvement upon the clay process.
All grafting of this kind is done in the propagating house, at any season when grafts are obtainable in a fit state - the plants when operated on being placed in close frames warmed to a suitable temperature.
The union is effected as in grafting, by means of the organizable sap or cambium, and the less this is disturbed until the inner bark of the shield is pressed and fixed against it the better.
The hawthorn serves as a stock for grafting other trees.
On the other hand, the replanting of some of the French vineyards (after the ravages due to the phylloxera) with American vines, or, as was more generally the case, the grafting of the old French stock on the hardy American roots, resulted, after a time, in many cases, in the production of wines practically indistinguishable from those formerly made.
This, of course, naturally leads to the production of a wine somewhat different in character to that produced before the epidemic, but this difficulty may be overcome to some extent, as it was in the Bordeaux vineyards, by grafting ancient stock on the roots of new and resistant vines.
In 1852 he produced "Girls Sewing," "Man Spreading Manure"; 1853, "The Reapers"; 1854, "Church at Greville"; 1855 - the year of the International Exhibition, at which he received a medal of second class - "Peasant Grafting a Tree"; 1857, "The Gleaners"; 1859, "The Angelus," "The Woodcutter and Death"; 1860, "Sheep Shearing"; 1861, "Woman Shearing Sheep," "Woman Feeding Child"; 1862, "Potato Planters," "Winter and the Crows"; 1863, "Man with Hoe," "Woman Carding"; 1864, "Shepherds and Flock, Peasants Bringing Home a Calf Born in the Fields"; 1869, "Knitting Lesson"; 1870, "Buttermaking"; 1871, "November - recollection of Gruchy."
Maule also tried the effect of grafting the potato on these two species and, though he succeeded, there is no record to show whether the product was any hardier than the parents.
1876, p. 304) succeeded in grafting the potato on the tomato, and Messrs Sutton have carried out similar experiments on an extensive scale (Journ.
Both these pests have been successfully combated, largely by the use of sulphur and by grafting immune American vines upon native stocks.
the easiest to cultivate, and experiments have consequently been made in cross-fertilization and grafting with the view of giving vigour of growth to delicate trees yielding a large amount of alkaloid or of increasing the yield in strong-growing trees affording but little quinine.
Grafting, however, has not been found to answer the purpose, since the stock and the graft have been found to retain their respective alkaloids in the natural proportion just as if growing separately.
artery bypass grafting, open-heart surgery, heart transplants.
bypass grafting, open-heart surgery, heart transplants.
coronary artery bypass grafting, open-heart surgery, heart transplants.
Grafting on the 2-speed derailleur of the 6-speed would add some versatility.
Followed by bone grafting and percutaneous screw fixation to support joint and graft.
Hence, the attempt to rescue inductive inferences by grafting deductive inferences onto them disguises rather than solves the problem of induction.
The surface properties will be controlled by chemically grafting monolayers with different functional groups on the outer surface.
We have placed these in three categories; coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG ), aortic valve replacement (AVR) and other.
seedling rootstocks are raised and potted up before being brought into the glass house before grafting, so as to achieve a quick union.
The grafting is done when tomato seedling are about ten days old.
shyster lawyer, without principle or mercy, then his brutal clerks, sly and grafting.
The patient may require skin grafting of the eyelids.
skin grafting process, reports Michael Pollitt.
Eventually I was considered fit enough to attempt split skin grafting.
stent grafting of the femoral segment is a straightforward procedure in selected patients.
The government, to check the decrease of olive culture in Sassari, has offered prizes for the grafting of wild olive trees, of which vast numbers grow throughout the island.
The stock is headed off by an oblique transverse cut as shown at a, a slice is then pared off the side as at b, and on the face of this a tongue or notch is made, the cut being in a downward direction; the scion c is pared off in a similar way by a single clean sharp cut, and this is notched or tongued in the opposite direction as the figure indicates; the two are then fitted together as shown at d, so that the inner bark of each may come in contact at least on one side, and then tied round with damp soft bast as at e; next some grafting clay is taken on the forefinger and pushed down on each side so as to fill out the space between the top of the stock and the graft, and a portion is also rubbed over the ligatures on the side where the graft is placed, a handful of the clay is then taken, flattened out, and rolled closely round the whole point of junction, being finished off to a tapering form both above and below, as shown by the dotted line f.
At grafting time a slit is cut in the bark f, f, a wedge-shaped piece of FIG.
We have placed these in three categories; coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), aortic valve replacement (AVR) and other.
Seedling rootstocks are raised and potted up before being brought into the glass house before grafting, so as to achieve a quick union.
First, the shyster lawyer, without principle or mercy, then his brutal clerks, sly and grafting.
Scientists spin brand new skin Growing cells on scaffolds using polymer science could revolutionize the skin grafting process, reports Michael Pollitt.
CONCLUSION: Endovascular stent grafting of the femoral segment is a straightforward procedure in selected patients.
These hybrids sometimes arise from grafting.
This is only one of the many examples of the evils of grafting, the result of which for the trade is serious, because the trees go out of cultivation eventually.
For some time this plant will doubtless be propagated by grafting on the common Acacia, but the sooner we get it from seed the better.
Other sorts offered by continental growers are the Maskat Quince, the Persian Quince, the Constantinople Quince, and the Angers; this last comes freely from seed, and is that most used for grafting Pears.
The evil result of this is frequent in the varieties of the Japanese Maple, attractive in color, the Japanese often grafting on other and more vigorous kinds, and plants so increased are not worth planting.
There is a beautiful flowering variety of the Crab Apple called the Paradise Apple, having large handsome flowers, but it is seldom planted for effect, although in common use as a stock for grafting.
Increase by seeds or layers, and not by grafting on the Elm, as is too often done.
They do not appear to bear seed in this country, and for this reason are commonly increased by grafting on the Common Elm, though such means can never give the best results in growth and beauty.
More severe burns may require surgery to clean the wounds or even to perform skin grafting.
Fetal tissue transplantation-A method of treating Parkinson's and other neurological diseases by grafting brain cells from human fetuses onto the basal ganglia.
Grafting fetal tissue stimulates the growth of new brain cells in affected adult brains.
Hair grafting: Moving pieces of scalp from sides and back of head to the top.
The procedure for eyebrow transplants consists of taking as many as a hundred hairs, usually from your own head, and carefully grafting them onto your brows.
Also called hair grafting, hair transplants occur when a qualified surgeon removes hair from the sides or back of the head and places them within the balding area.
In fat grafting, fat is taken from the abdomen or buttocks of the person the procedure is being performed on.
Dermal grafting involves placing skin from another part of the body (typically behind the ear) into the scar.
A final surgical procedure a doctor may perform is grafting.
Raffia - which has taken the place of bast - is generally used for tying, and grafting wax is only used occasionally with such plants under glass.
The word usage examples above have been gathered from various sources to reflect current and historial usage. They do not represent the opinions of YourDictionary.com.