It affords a point of departure for the interpretation of the genesis of existing instincts.
The problem of the genesis of mind is practically solved by identifying the soul, 1 This is brought out by F.
It proposes to set forth the genesis of the existing universe from principles which can be plainly Lh understood, and according to the acknowledged laws of the transmission of movement.
Of one part of the argument of this work Fiske wrote in the preface of one of his later books (Through Nature to God, 1899): "The detection of the part played by the lengthening of infancy in the genesis of the human race is my own especial contribution to the Doctrine of Evolution."
The system of Plotinus, Zellar remarks, is not strictly speaking one of emanation, since there is no communication of the divine essence to the created world; yet it resembles emanation inasmuch as the genesis of the world is conceived as a necessary physical effect, and not as the result of volition.
As the chronicler rewrote the history of Israel and Judah from the basis of the Priests' Code, so our author re-edited from the Pharisaic standpoint of his time the book of Genesis and the early chapters of Exodus.
According to the story in Genesis, Noah's ark was large enough to contain his family and representatives of each kind of animal.
Driver, Genesis (1909), p. 35).
One of them was defeated by Ammi-zadoq of Babylonia (c. 2100 B.C.); another would have been the Chedor-laomer (Kutur-Lagamar) of Genesis xiv.
His later years were occupied with a series of philosophical works, of which the most important were: Die Phantasie als Grundprincip des Weltprocesses (1877), Uber die Genesis der Menschheit and deren geistige Entwicklung in Religion, Sittlichkeit and Sprache (1883), and Ober die Organisation and Cultur der menschlichen Gesellschaft (1885).
Granted that instinctive modes of behaviour are hereditary and definite within the limits of congenital variation, the question of their manner of genesis is narrowed to a clear issue.
Bereshith Rabba, on Genesis, and Ekhah Rabbati, on Lamentations, were probably edited in the 7th century.
Lucretius traces, in the fifth book of his poem, the progressive genesis of vegetal and animal forms out of the motherearth.
ix.; The Genesis and Development of the Wall and Connecting Threads in the Plant Cell.
Now blood was everywhere in antiquity associated with life, and the biblical passage, Genesis ix.
In his Naturgeschichte des Himmels, in which he anticipated the nebular theory afterwards more fully developed by Laplace, Kant sought to explain the genesis of the cosmos as a product of physical forces and laws.
Petri epistolam (1641), and also his commentaries on Genesis (1637) and on Deuteronomy (1658).
In his Westminster review of Whately's Logic in 1828 (invaluable to all students of the genesis of Mill's logic) he appears, curiously enough, as an ardent and brilliant champion of the syllogistic logic against highfliers such as the Scottish philosophers who talk of "superseding" it by "a supposed system of inductive logic."
At first, as in the case of the child, the problem of the genesis of things was conceived anthropomorphically: the question " How did the world arise?"
He studied theology, and won his doctor's degree by an edition of thirty-four chapters of Genesis from the Arabic version of the Samaritan Pentateuch.
Whatever may have been the immediate genesis of the myth - and it may well be sought in the heartless forest laws - its vitality was assured by the English love of archery and historical repetition.
Exegesis of this sort is not the characteristic of any single circle, people or century; unscientific methods of biblical interpretation have prevailed from Philo's treatment of the Pentateuch to modern apologetic interpretations of Genesis, ch.
An interest in the past is not necessarily confined to any one age, and the critical view that the biblical history has been compiled from relatively late standpoints finds support in the still later treatment of the events - in Chronicles as contrasted with Samuel-Kings or in Jubilees as contrasted with Genesis.'
2 That on Genesis was edited for the first time by Schechter (Cambridge, 1902).
Careful attempts, based on new scientific truths, an made to explain the genesis of the world as a natural process.
Empedocles tries to explain the genesis of organic beings, and, according to Lange, anticipates the idea of Darwin that adaptations abound, because it is their nature to perpetuate themselves.
Some appear written for the first time in the book of Jubilees, in " the Testament of the Twelve Patriarchs " (both perhaps 2nd century B.C.) and in later sources; and although in Genesis the stories are now in a post-exilic setting (a stage earlier than Jubilees), the older portions may well belong to the 7th or 6th cent.
3), and (2) of the great vessel or ship in which Noah took refuge during the flood (Genesis vi.
On this question, see Driver, Genesis (Westminster Comm., London, 1904), p. 80 seq.; A.
This is also the view of the reasonable Strabo; but it does not account for the genesis of the other story.
It may be supposed that these crude fancies embody a dim recognition of the physical forces and objects personified under the forms of deities, and a rude attempt to account for their genesis as a natural process.
maintained in his commentary on Genesis (edition of 1892), has now been abandoned by nearly all scholars of repute.
Yet it is clear from the book of Genesis alone that in the age of Priestly writers and compilers there were other phases of thought.
The influence of the Deuteronomic tradition in redaction is seen in such passages as Genesis xxxiii.
These first unscientific ideas of a genesis of the permanent objects of nature took as their pattern the process of organic reproduction and development, and this, not only because these objects were regarded as personalities, but also because this particular mode of becoming would most impress these early observers.
The "Life" calls into existence in the visible world a series of three great Helpers, Hibil, Shithil and Anosh (late Judaeo-Babylonian transformations of the well-known names of the book of Genesis), the guardians of souls.
The genesis of Mandaeis.m and the older gnosis from the old and elaborate BabylonioChaldaean religion is clearly seen also in the fact that the names of the old pantheon (as for example those of the planetary divinities) are retained, but their holders degraded to the position of demons - a conclusion confirmed by the fact that the Mandaeans, like the allied Ophites, Peratae and Manichaeans, certainly have their original seat in Mesopotamia and Babylonia.
Heiland), is, with the fragments of a version of the story of Genesis believed to be by the same author, all that remains of the poetical literature of the old Saxons, i.e.
This involves the view that the historical traditions are mainly due to two characteristic though very complicated recensions, one under the influence of the teaching of Deuteronomy (Joshua to Kings, see § 20), the other, of a more priestly character (akin to Leviticus), of somewhat later date (Genesis to Joshua, with traces in Judges to Kings, see § 23).
See Driver, Commentary on Genesis, excursus i.
The " priestly " traditions of the creation and of the patriarchs mark a very distinct advance upon the earlier narratives, and appear in a further developed form in the still later book of Jubilees, or " Little Genesis," where they are used to demonstrate the pre-Mosaic antiquity of the priestly or Levitical institutions.
Colenso, and learned to regard the prophetic narrative of Genesis, Exodus, and Numbers as older than what was by the Germans denominated Grundschrift (" Book of Origins").
in Genesis xiv.
Whilst Protestant opponents put him in the list of atheists like Vanini, and the Catholics held him as dangerous as Luther or Calvin, there were zealous adherents who ventured to prove the theory of vortices in harmony with the book of Genesis.
xiv., and the articles ABRAHAM, GENESIS.
The history of the Physiologus has become entwined from the beginning with that of the commentaries on the account of creation in Genesis.
In the one language or the other, there are in existence the following three fragments: (1) The passage which appears as lines 235-851 in the so-called "Cadmon's Genesis," on the revolt of the angels and the temptation and fall of Adam and Eve.
The main source of the Genesis is the Bible, but Professor E.
The Genesis fragments have less of the heroic tone, except in the splendid passage describing the rebellion of Satan and his host.
Somewhat curiously, but very naturally, Enoch the son of Cain is confused with the Enoch who was translated to heaven - an error which the author of the Old English Genesis avoids, though (according to the existing text) he confounds the names of Enoch and Enos.
Their testimony, if accepted, confirms the ascription to him of the Genesis fragments, which is further supported by the fact that they occur in the same MS. with a portion of the Heliand.
It is usually maintained that this work was written before the Old Testament poems. The arguments for this view are that the Heliand contains no allusion to any foregoing poetical treatment of the antecedent history, and that the Genesis fragments exhibit a higher degree of poetic skill.
Behaghel (1882) and P. Piper (1897, containing also the Genesis fragments).
The fragments of the Heliand and the Genesis contained in the Vatican MS. were edited in 1894 by K.
Sievers, Der Heliand and die angelseichsische Genesis (1875); R.
(1894) and Die altscichsische Genesis (1895); R.
Of his works the more important are: - Die Composition der Genesis kritisch untersucht (1823), an acute and able attempt to account for the use of the two names of God without recourse to the document-hypothesis; he was not himself, however, permanently convinced by it; De metris carminum Arabicorum (1825); Das Hohelied Salomo's Ubersetzt u.
In addition to other medical works he published anonymously Conjectures sur les memoires originaux dont it parait que Moyse s'est servi pour composer le livre de la Genese, (1753), in which he pointed out that two main sources can be traced in the book of Genesis; and two dissertations on the immateriality and immortality of the soul,.
The Speculum Naturale is so constructed that the various subjects are dealt with according to the order of their creation; it is in fact a gigantic commentary on Genesis i.
In 1842 he published the first volume of his Contributions towards the Exposition of the Book of Genesis, a work which wa.s completed in three volumes several years later.
It was during the solitude of his voyage to France, when on deck at night, that he first shaped his idea of the genesis of primitive poetry, and of the gradual evolution of humanity.
1854, "the Genesis of Science" (in Essays, vol.
His theological writings roughly fall into four groups: (1) books of spiritual philosophy, including The Divine Love and Wisdom, The Divine Providence, The Intercourse between the Soul and the Body, Conjugial Love; (2) Expository, including Arcana Celestia (giving the spiritual sense of Genesis and Exodus), The Apocalypse Revealed, The Apocalypse Explained; (3) Doctrinal, including The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrines, The Four Chief Doctrines, The Doctrine of Charity, The True Christian Religion, Canons of the New Church; (4) Eschatological, including Heaven and Hell, and The Last Judgment.
von Muller and seine Schweizergeschichte (Bale, 1884), traces the genesis of the History.
To many the interest of such stories will depend on their parallelism to the Biblical account in Genesis i.; the anthropologist, however, will be attracted by them in proportion as they illustrate the more primitive phases of human culture.
For the Iranian parallel, see § 8, and on the Hebrew Priestly Writer, Gunkel, Genesis 2, pp. 2 33 ff.
- The Iranian account of creation 10 is specially interesting because its religious spirit is akin to that of Genesis i.
From a literary point of view, indeed, it cannot compare with the dignified Hebrew narrative, but considering the misfortunes which have befallen the collection of Zoroastrian traditions now represented by the Bundahish (the Parsee Genesis) we cannot reasonably be surprised.
In fact, both the creationstories at the opening of Genesis must have undergone much editorial manipulation.
Its first note is struck by Ennius in his translation of the Sceptl- Sicilian rationalist Euhemerus, who explained the genesis m, of the gods as apotheosized mortals.
The genesis of the last three types of deposit is generally assigned to the simultaneous percolation of solutions of gold and silica, the auriferous solution being formed during the disintegration of the gold-bearing metalliferous veins.
Every endeavour is made to gloss over, or modify, expressions which seemed derogatory to the ancestors of ' According to Zunz, Gottesdienstliche Vortrdge, 2nd ed., p. 80, its contents bear the following proportions to Genesis, z o o to Exodus, about 1 1 4 to Leviticus, s to Numbers, and 4 to Deuteronomy.
See Lagarde's edition appended to his Genesis Graece (Leipzig, 1868).
His life as narrated in the book of Genesis reflects the traditions of different ages.
For the completion of the history of Abraham the compiler of Genesis has used P's narrative.
"It is generally recognized that this chapter holds quite an isolated place in the Pentateuchal history; it is the only passage which presents Abraham in the character of a warrior, and connects him with historical names and political movements, and there are no clear marks by which it can be assigned to any one of the documents of which Genesis is made up. Thus, while one school of interpreters finds in the chapter the earliest fragment of the political history of western Asia, some even holding with Ewald that the narrative is probably based on old Canaanite records, other critics, as Noldeke, regard the whole as unhistorical and comparatively late in origin.
Bennett, Century Bible: Genesis, p. 186).
Records, pp. 208236; Driver, Genesis, p. xlix., and notes on ch.
11 a art in cult; they may equally explain its genesis and rise in certain ages and countries.
To-day, though Bibles are still printed with the year 4004 B.C. in the margin of the first chapter of Genesis, no scholar would pretend to regard this reference seriously.
The acute interest which they excited when George Smith deciphered their contents in 1872 has to some extent abated, but this is only because scholars are now pretty generally agreed as to their bearing on the corresponding parts of Genesis.
The particular tablets in question date only from about the 7th century B.C., but it is agreed among Assyriologists that they are copies of older texts current in Babylonia for many centuries before, and it is obvious that the compilers of Genesis had access to the Babylonian stories.
the Ephraimite or Elohist source, E), see GENESIS and BIBLE: Old Testament Criticism.
Cast in the form of comments on the history of Livy, the Discorsi are really an inquiry into the genesis and maintenance of states.
The sisters of Meleager were 2 The god 'EAcoiiv was also Phoenician; see Driver, Genesis, p. 165; Lagrange, Religions Semitiques, Index, s.v.
It supplied not only a memoria technica, but an organon, or method by which the genesis of all ideas from unity might be represented intelligibly and easily.
Bennet (Genesis, p. 169; cf.
The myth, as it appears in Genesis, is quite polytheistic and anthropomorphic. According to Cornelius Alexander (frag.
16), see CALEB, GENESIS, JERAHMEEL, JUDAH.
On the 4th of March 1590, as one of the chaplains of Queen Elizabeth, he preached before her a singularly outspoken sermon, and in October gave his introductory lecture at St Paul's, undertaking to comment on the first four chapters of Genesis.
20 As in Genesis they are styled " men," mar akh for " angel " does not occur in Ezekiel.
Skinner, Genesis, p. 214).
He has a good knowledge of Genesis and o Exodus, refers to the stories of Jonah, Daniel (vii.
Two other accounts in Genesis, originally independent, give supplementary information drawn from the Sabaean colonies, the stations and factories established to facilitate trade through the desert.
von Bohlen, Ewald, Driver (in Genesis, p. 55, but cp. p. 42), have found in ii.
Cheyne, Genesis and Exodus, referring to Dorsey, Traditions of the Skidi Pawnee, pp. 2, 80 ff.
4, pp. 679 ff., 720; Driver, Genesis, p. 44.
4 See Cheyne, Genesis and Exodus.
Of these three views, it is only the ' See Smith and Sayce, Chaldaean Genesis, p. 88; Delitzsch, Wo lag das Paradies ?
Nok Khum is one of the theories of the genesis of mankind, the Nok Khum being the sacred goose or "Hansa" from whose eggs the first human beings were supposed to have been hatched.
Partly because of its Puritanic genesis and partly because of its independent manufacturing interests, Newark has kept, in spite of its nearness to New York City, a distinct character of its own.
Hebrew tradition (in the J narrative, Genesis x.
17, the Authorized Version has "the children of Sheth" in a list of nations; the Hebrew is the same as Seth in Genesis.
D.B.; Cheyne, Genesis; Tylor, Proc. Soc. Bibl.
The different order of the books in the English Bible is due to the fact that when the Hebrew Bible was translated into Greek between the 3rd and 1st centuries B.C., the Hebrew tripartite division was disregarded, and the books (including those now known as the " Apocrypha ") were grouped mostly by subjects, the historical books being placed first (Genesis - Esther), the poetical books next (Job - Song of Songs), and the prophetical books last (Isaiah - Malachi).
The historical books of the Old Testament form two series: one, consisting of the books from Genesis to 2 Kings (exclusive of Ruth, which, as we have seen, forms in the Hebrew canon part of the Hagiographa), embracing the period from the Creation to the destruction of Jerusalem by the Chaldaeans in 586 B.C.; the other, comprising the books of Chronicles, Ezra and Nehemiah, beginning with Adam and ending with the second visit of Nehemiah to Jerusalem in 432 B.C. These two series differ from one another materially in scope and point of view, but in one respect they are both constructed upon a similar plan; no entire book in either series consists of a single, original work; but older writings, or sources, have been combined by a compiler - or sometimes, in stages, by a succession of compilers - in such a manner that the points of juncture are often clearly discernible, and the sources are in consequence capable of being separated from one another.
Lagarde's projected edition of the Lucianic recension was unfortunately never completed; the existing volume contains Genesis - 2 Esdras, Esther.
originaux dont it paroit que Mosee s'est servi pour composer le livre de la Genese, he argued that in Genesis and Ex.
He carries through, as Astruc had done, the analysis of Genesis into (primarily) two documents; he draws the distinction between the Priests' Code, of the middle books of the Pentateuch, and Deuteronomy, the people's law book; and admits that even the books that follow Genesis consist of different documents, many incomplete and fragmentary (whence the theory became known as the " Fragment-hypothesis "), but all the work of Moses and some of his contemporaries.
Ilgen, the discoverer (1798) that there were two distinct documents in Genesis using the divine name Elohim, and consequently that there were three main sources in the books, not two, as Astruc and Eichhorn had conjectured; and J.
Daniel, the story of Joseph in Genesis) are not contemporary with the events described.
It has contributed nothing whatsoever to our knowledge of any Hebrew individual of this period,' and consequently what elements of history underlie the stories in Genesis, in so far as they relate to the Hebrew patriarchs, must still be determined, if at all, by a critical study of the Old Testament.
2666 On these figures the following remarks may be made: (i.) In Genesis the chronology of the Priestly Narrative (" P ") is not consistent with the chronology of the other parts of the book (" JE ").
Unless we suppose that the latter was suddenly expanded into the stories which thenceforth persisted, it may be inferred that an old extra-canonical tradition (for which a case can be made) continued to survive the compilation of Genesis (q.v.) and ultimately assumed the various exaggerated forms now extant.
xxix 22 seems to indicate that older tradition was fuller than the present records in Genesis, and supplies another example of the link connecting the Old Testament with Rabbinical thought.
1) Rabbah, on Genesis, the oldest and most valuable of haggadic Midrashim.
Aggadath Bereshith, 83 homilies on Genesis, each in three parts connected with a section from the lectionary of the Pentateuch, and one from the Prophets, and a Psalm (ed.
Among invertebrates Barrande's doctrine of centres of origin was applied by Hyatt to the genesis of the Arietidae (1889); after studying thousands of individuals from the principal deposits of Europe he decided that the cradles of the various branches of this family were the basins of the CSte d'Or and southern Germany.
Hyatt's great memoir " Genesis of the Arietidae " (Smithsonian Contr.
For other discussions, apart from commentaries on Genesis, see B.
For the history of its genesis and its diffusion the reader may consult D'Ancona, La leggenda di Vergogna e la leggenda di Giuda (1869), and papers by W.
Another attempt at reconciliation is set forth in the so-called " system of emanations " in which it is assumed that from the supreme divinity emanated a somewhat lesser world, from this world a second, and so on, until the divine element (of life) became so far weakened and attenuated, that the genesis of a partly, or even wholly, evil world appears both possible and comprehensible.
24), Ca dmon sang " de creatione mundi et origine humani generis, et tota Genesis historia, de egressu Israel ex Aegypto et ingressu in terram repromissionis, de aliis plurimis sacrae Scripturae historiis, de incarnatione Dominica, passione, resurrectione et ascensione in coelum, de Spiritus Sancti adventu, et apostolorum doctrina."
Genesis is but slightly abridged, but Job, Kings, Judges, Esther and Judith as well as the Maccabees are mere homilies epitomized from the corresponding Old Testament books.
to Genesis, p. 396 (Parker Soc.).
5 It was reissued in 1534 with a new preface and certain corrections and emendations in Genesis, and again in London in 1551.
Skinner, Genesis, pp. 310 sqq.
The subjects in the nave begin with scenes from the Book of Genesis, illustrating the Old Testament types of Christ and His scheme of redemption, with figures of those who prophesied and prepared for His coming.
Religionssystem (1831; in this work Manichaean speculation is exhibited from a speculative standpoint); Fliigel, Mani (1862; a very careful investigation on the basis of the Fihrist); Kessler, Untersuchung zur Genesis des manich.
1 For the symbols J, E, P, as regards the sources of the book of Genesis, see Genesis; Bible: Old Test.
See further GENESIS; JEWS.
Hartig, Genesis der Revolution in Osterreich (Leipzig, 1850), - an enlarged English translation will be found in the 4th volume of W.
The book of Genesis closes with the migration of Jacob's family into Egypt to escape the famine in Canaan.
I, see Bible: Chronology) place the former about the time of Tethmosis (Thothmes) III., and suppose that the hostile Habiri (Khabiri) who 1 There is a lacuna between the oldest traditions in Genesis and those in Exodus: the latter beginning simply "and there arose a new king over Egypt which knew not Joseph."
The narrative in Genesis which tells us that "the Lord had respect unto Abel and to his offering, but unto Cain and to his offering he had not respect," is supplemented by the statement of the New Testament, that "by faith Abel offered unto God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain" (Heb.
For the genesis of the Confession, see Th.
According to Genesis v.
In 1693 his series of Biblical commentaries began with that on Genesis; the series was not completed until 1731.
Le Clerc's Genesis in 1696.
The story of the Creation in the book of Genesis is shown, from the point of view of chronology, to be a poetic or symbolic account by the discovery of civilizations of much greater antiguity.
In 1607 he was nominated one of the translators of the Authorised Version of 1611, his part being Genesis to end of Kings ii.
No doubt the Phoenicians had their legends and myths to account for the origin of man and the universe; to some extent these would Myth R e!,, o logy have resembled the ideas embodied in the book of and Genesis.
I), was supported by the etymologies and other data supplied by the early chapters of Genesis.
Because iron would be so easily made by prehistoric and even by primeval man, and would be so useful to him, we are hardly surprised to read in Genesis that Tubal Cain, the sixth in descent from Adam, discovered it; that the Assyrians had knives and saws which, to be effective, must have been of hardened steel, i.e.
He was also responsible for a commentary on Genesis (ed.
The increased cost of government and the growing wealth of the middle class, rather than the avarice of the king and the genius of his ministers, were responsible for the genesis and direction of the new order.
&c.) we learn that Genesis was read in Lent, Job and Jonah in Passion Week, the Acts of the Apostles in Eastertide, lessons on the Passion on Good Friday and on the Resurrection on Easter Day.
C. Lewis, The Genesis and Matrix of the Diamond (1897); L.
The first instalment of his commentary on the Pentateuch was Exodus (1855); this was followed by Genesis (1858) and Leviticus in two parts (1867-1872).
The rest of the year was spent in fixing together and translating the fragments relating to the Creation, the results of which work were embodied in The Chaldaean Account of Genesis.
those things which seem to have proceeded from genesis (= astrological destiny), in the fourteenth book."
(ii.) The Genesis of the Clementine Literature.
A second protagonist of error, this time of Gentile philosophic criticism directed against fundamental Judaism, is Apion, the notorious anti-Jewish Alexandrine grammarian of Peter's day; while the role of upholder of astrological fatalism (Genesis) is played by Faustus, father of Clement, with whom Peter and Clement debate at Laodicea.
von Hartig, Genesis der Revolution in Osterreich im Jahre 1848 (Leipzig, 1851; 3rd edition, enlarged, ib., 1851; translated as appendix to Coxe's House of Austria, ed.
Though never an advanced critic, his article on Daniel in the second edition of Herzog's Realencyklopeidie, his New Commentary on Genesis and the fourth edition of his Isaiah show that as years went on his sympathy with higher criticism increased-so much so indeed that Prof. Cheyne has included him among its founders.
He wrote a number of very valuable commentaries on Habakkuk (1843), Genesis (1852, 4th ed.
1872), Neuer Kommentar fiber die Genesis (1887, Eng.
Contrast in these respects the history of Joseph (xii.) and its glaring improprieties with the admirably conceived and admirably executed story in Genesis.
Besides the lectures noted he published Studies in Genesis (1880), The Foundations of Morality (1882) and some volumes of sermons.
The sources from which the book of Exodus has been compiled are the same as those which form the basis of the book of Genesis, while the method of composition is very similar.
But it also goes on to raise the question whether the making of reality for our knowledge does not, in view of the essentially practical nature of knowledge, imply also a real making of reality by us, and so throw light upon the whole genesis of reality.
Outside of Genesis, Lamech is only mentioned in the Bible in 1 Chron.
Public education in Illinois had its genesis in the land of the North-West Territory reserved for educational purposes by the Ordinance of 1787.
Then citing from Genesis and 2 Chronicles, the first and last books in the order of the Jewish Bible, He declared that all righteous blood from that of Abel to that of Zachariah should be required of that generation.
The Book of Genesis had told how all things were called into existence by a Divine utterance: "God said, Let there be."
Still it remains a great point to have even attempted some system in the dark anomalies which lie under the normal consciousness, and to have traced the genesis of the intellectua4 faculties from animal sensitivity.
The books were compiled and preserved for definite aims, and their teaching is directed now to the needs of the people as a whole - as in the ever popular stories of Genesis - now to the inculcation of the lessons of the past, and now to matters of ritual.
In Genesis and elsewhere there are examples of popular thought which have not the characteristic spirit of the prophets, and which, it is clear, could only gradually be purified.
It is the first known example of continuous historical writing (Genesis to Kings, Chronicles-EzraNehemiah), and represents a deliberate effort to go back from 3 See Bible: Old Test.
2 The stories in Genesis represent a southern treatment of Palestinian tradition, with local and southern versions of legends and myths, and with interests which could only belong to the south.
With this it is natural to connect the transmission and presence in the Old Testament of specifically Kenite tradition, of the " southern " stories in Genesis, and of the stories of Levi.
See Genesis, Levites, and Jews, § 20.
Genesis - Kings (incomplete; some further material in Jeremiah) and the later Chronicles - Nehemiah are in their present form posterior to Nehemiah's time.
These sources then are " post-exilic," and the elimination of material first composed in that age leaves historical, legal and other material which was obviously in circulation (so, e.g., the non-priestly portions of Genesis).
- Kings) and " Priestly " (Genesis - Joshua, with traces in the following books).
the " Deuteronomic " form of Samuel, and the dependence of the literary growth of Genesis and the account of the exodus and invasion of Palestine upon the " southern " cycle of tradition.
Genesis and Development of Sophistry.
This theory of the genesis of double-stars by fission is not, however, universally accepted; in particular objections have been urged by T.
Thus the resemblances which have been claimed between the Nippur Deluge fragment and the version of the "Priestly Code" in Genesis, in themselves furnish no significant evidence as to the latter's date.
In his Synopsis physicae ad lumen divinum reformatae he gives a physical theory of his own, said to be taken from the book of Genesis.
To the methodologist of science in genesis it appeared altogether to fail to satisfy any practical interest.
The central and organizing principle of this is that knowledge is in genesis, that the genesis takes place in the medium of individual minds, and that this fact implies that there is a necessary reference throughout to interests or purposes of the subject which thinks because it wills and acts.
Hunt, " Genesis of California's First Constitution "; Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, xii., R.
1906); Alexander Brown, The First Republic in America (Boston, 1898); idem (ed.), Genesis of the United States (2 vols., ibid., 1890); J.
It is enough here to have alluded to the part played by the Low Countries in the genesis of a motive force which may be described as the last manifestation of the Renaissance striving after self-emancipation.
"He sang of the creation of the world, of the origin of mankind and of all the history of Genesis, of the exodus of Israel from Egypt and their entrance into the Promised Land, of many other incidents of Scripture history, of the Lord's incarnation, passion, resurrection and ascension, of the coming of the Holy Ghost and the teaching of the apostles.
They consist of paraphrases of parts of Genesis, Exodus and Daniel, and three separate poems, the first on the lamentations of the fallen angels, the second on the "Harrowing of Hell," the resurrection, ascension and second coming of Christ, and the third (a mere fragment) on the temptation.
The Genesis contains a long passage (ii.
Sievers's conclusions were brilliantly confirmed in 1894 by the discovery in the Vatican library of a MS. containing 62 lines of the Heliand and three fragments of an old Saxon poem on the story of Genesis.
The first of these fragments includes the original of 28 lines of the interpolated passage of the Old English Genesis.
As the Genesis begins with a line identical in meaning, though not in wording, with the opening of Cmdmon's Hymn, we may perhaps infer that the writer knew and used Cmdmon's genuine poems. Some of the more poetical passages may possibly echo Cmdmon's expressions; but when, after treating of the creation of the angels and the revolt of Lucifer, the paraphrast comes to the Biblical part of the story, he follows the sacred text with servile fidelity, omitting no detail, however prosaic. The ages of the antediluvian patriarchs, for instance, are accurately rendered into verse.
In all probability the Genesis is of Northumbrian origin.
Certain similarities between passages in Paradise Lost and parts of the translation from Old Saxon interpolated in the Old English Genesis have given occasion to the suggestion that some scholar may have talked to Milton about the poetry published by Junius in 1655, and that the poet may thus have gained some hints which he used in his great work.
To understand the genesis of human morality we must study the ways of sociable animals such as horses and monkeys, which give each other assistance in trouble, feel mutual affection and sympathy, and experience pleasure in doing actions that benefit the society to which they belong.
Weinstein, Zur Genesis d.
Not only was Babylonia the mother country, as the tenth chapter of Genesis explicitly states, but the religion and culture, the literature and the characters in which it was contained, the arts and the sciences of the Assyrians were derived from their southern neighbours.
Whether this name be derived from the corruption in Genesis or not cannot be definitely decided; it very likely is.
Among his numerous works are commentaries on Joel and Amos (1897); Deuteronomy (1902); Daniel (1901);(1901); Genesis (1909); the Minor Prophets, Nahum to Malachi (1905); Job (1905); Jeremiah (1906); Leviticus (1894 Hebrew text, 1898 trans.
During a period of exceptional distress the rioting was caused mainly by the heavy charges at the toll-gates on the public roads in South Wales, and the rioters took as their motto the words in Genesis xxiv.
22); Sheba certainly, and Havilah probably, are regions of Arabia, and these are coupled with Ophir in Genesis x.; and the account of the arrival of the navy in I Kings x.
Secondly, it is frequently designated "The Little Genesis," X€ rrri or MCKpoyb)co-ir, Heb.
Charles's commentary, The Book of Jubilees or the Little Genesis (1902), which deals exhaustively with all the questions treated in this article.
Blount adopted and expanded Hobbes's arguments against the Mosaic authorship of the Pentateuch; and, mainly in the words of Burnet's Archeologiae philosophicae, he asserts the total inconsistency of the Mosaic Hexaemeron with the Copernican theory of the heavens, dwelling with emphasis on the impossibility of admitting the view developed in Genesis, that the earth is the most important part of the universe.
He assumes that the narrative was meant ethically, not physically, in order to eliminate false and polytheistic notions; and he draws attention to that double narrative in Genesis which was elsewhere to be so fruitfully handled.
'PENTATEUCH, the name found as early as in Tertullian and Origen corresponding to the Jewish :turn 'Tin y; nvnn (the five-fifths of the Torah, or Law), and applied to the first five books of the Old Testament (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy).
The history of Abraham's family shows us clearly that the concubine might be dismissed at any time, and her children were liable to be cast off equally summarily with gifts, in order to leave the inheritance free for the wife's sons (Genesis xxi.
The view maintained by a distinguished comparative anatomist, Professor St George Mivart, in his Genesis of Species, ch.
- Opinion as to the genesis of man is divided between the theories of creation and evolution.
St George Mivart (Genesis of Species) propounded a theory of a natural evolution of man as to his body, combined with a supernatural creation as to his soul; but this attempt to meet the difficulties on both sides seems to have satisfied neither.
He defined his problem as the quid juris or the question of the validity of knowledge, not its quid facti or the laws of the empirical genesis and evolution of intellection (to use Croom Robertson's phraseology).
The inquiry is, therefore, logical or transcendental in its nature, and does not entangle us in any decision as to the conditions of the genesis of such consciousness in the individual.
Hence the dispute between evolutionist and transcendentalist rests, in general, on an ignoratio elenchi; for the history of the genesis of an idea (the historical or genetic method) does not contain an answer to - though it may throw light on - the philosophical question of its truth or validity.
He translated and edited Gesenius's Hebrew Grammar (1839; 1877), and published revised versions with notes of Job (1856), Genesis (1868), Psalms (1871), Proverbs (1872), Isaiah i.
His translation of the first twenty-five chapters of Luther's commentary on Genesis was published in 1557; in other ways he promoted the spread of Lutheran views.
Robertson's published works include five volumes of sermons, two volumes of expository lectures, on Genesis and on the epistles to the Corinthians, a volume of miscellaneous addresses, and an Analysis of "In Memoriam."
Among these conceptions that of the Word of God had an important place, especially the creative Word of Genesis i.
Robertson, "The Genesis of Political Authority and of a Commonwealth Government in Oregon" in the Quarterly of the Oregon Historical Society, vol.
Genesis of Fractional Numbers 6.6 76.
Phillips, " Genesis of Number-Forms," American Journal of Psychology, vol.
- (I) Philosophical: Grundlinien der Philosophie der Logik (Halle, 1826); Genesis des Wissens (Heidelberg, 1835).
The Assyrians and Egyptians made considerable use of the metal; and in Genesis iv.
Huxley's agnosticism was a natural consequence of the intellectual and philosophical conditions of the 'sixties, when clerical intolerance was trying to excommunicate scientific discovery because it appeared to clash with the book of Genesis.
While the English version follows the Septuagint directly in speaking of Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus and Deuteronomy, it follows the Vulgate in speaking of Numbers.
The second book proposes a hypothesis regarding the genesis of our ideas and closes after an elaborate endeavour to verify it.
version of the Scriptures for the devil, the "serpent" of Genesis.
Posidonius had identified this period with the mythical " golden age "; and such ideas easily coalesced with the narrative in Genesis.
His accounts of the genesis of the conceptions of obligation and responsibility as of most of the ultimate conceptions with which moral philosophy deals will be accepted or rejected to the extent to which the main contention concerning the psychological basis of ethics commends itself to the reader.
The genesis and formulation of these types may be readily understood by considering the relation which exists between the alcohols and the parent hydrocarbon.
Observe that for a determinant of the n-th order, taking the decomposition to be r + (n - I), we fall back upon the equations given at the commencement, in order to show the genesis of a determinant.
It is, however, the proper sequel to the origins of the people as related in Genesis, to the exodus of the Israelite tribes from Egypt, and their journeyings in the wilderness.
That the older sources (which often prove to be composite) are actually identical with the Yahwist or Judaean (J) and the Elohist or Ephraimite (E) narratives (on which see Genesis) is not improbable, though, especially as regards the former, still very uncertain.
He has intimate relations in peace and war with a variety of animals whose habits are sometimes explained (like those of the serpent in Genesis) as the result of the curse of Heitsi Eibib.
The "genesis" of Hebrew history begins with records of antediluvian times: the creation of the world, of the first pair of human beings, and the origin of sin (i.
The book of Genesis, as a whole, is closely connected with the subsequent oppression of the sons of Israel, the revelation of Yahweh the God of their fathers (Ex.
10-14, 15-19).1 Finally, Genesis turns from the patriarchs to the" generations of Jacob "(xxxvii.
Only on the assumption that the book of Genesis is a composite work is it possible to explain the duplication of events, the varying use of the divine names Yahweh and Elohim, the linguistic and stylistic differences, the internal intricacies of the subject matter, and the differing standpoints as regards tradition, chronology, morals and religion.'
The internal features of Genesis demand some formulated theory, more precise than the indefinite concessions of the 17th century, beyond which the opponents of modern literary criticism scarcely advance, and the Graf-Wellhausen theory, in spite of the numerous difficulties which it leaves untouched, is the only adequate starting-point for the study of the book.
According to this, Genesis is a post-exilic work composed of a post-exilic priestly source (P) and non-priestly earlier sources which differ markedly from P in language, style and religious standpoint, but much less markedly from one and another.6 These sources can be traced elsewhere in the Pentateuch and Joshua, and P itself is related to the post-exilic works Chronicles, Ezra and Nehemiah.
In its present form Genesis is an indispensable portion of the biblical history, and consequently its literary growth cannot be viewed apart from that of the books which follow.
later compilers of Genesis who have made the book a fairly knit whole.
The technical investigation of the literary problems (especially the extent of the earlier sources) is a work of great complexity, and, for ordinary purposes, it is more important to obtain a preliminary appreciation of the general features of the contents of Genesis.
The passages usually assigned to P in Genesis are: i.
Driver's Genesis in the "Westminster Commentaries" (seventh ed., 1909).
It has revealed conditions which are not reflected in Genesis, and important facts upon which the book is silent - unless, indeed, there is a passing allusion to the great Babylonian monarch Khammurabi in the Amraphel of Gen.
Whatever future research may bring, it cannot remove the internal peculiarities which combine to show that Genesis preserves, not literal history, but popular traditions of the past.
Nevertheless, though one cannot look to Genesis for the history of the early part of the second millennium B.C., the study of what was thought of the past, proves in this, as in many other cases, to be more instructive than the facts of the past, and it is distinctly more important for the biblical student and the theologian to understand the thought of the ages immediately preceding the foundation of Judaism in the 5th century B.C. than the actual history of many centuries earlier.
To primitive minds which speculated upon the "why and wheretore" of what they saw around them, the narratives of Genesis afforded an answer.
Driver, Genesis, p. i i r), where the character, fortunes or history of the apparent individual are practically descriptive of the people or tribe which, according to tradition, is named after or descended from him.
Driver, Genesis, pp. xliii.
So abundant is the testimony of modern travellers to the extent to which Eastern custom and thought elucidate the interpretation of the Bible, that it is very important to notice those features which illustrate Genesis.
The chronological system of the latest source in Genesis becomes an elaborate reckoning of heavenly origin.
The overthrow of Sodom and Gomorrah is described in Genesis (xviii.
Consequently investigation must start with the particular ' The Book of Jubilees also enables the student to test the arguments based upon any study restricted to Genesis alone.
Thus it shows that the "primitive" features of Genesis afford a criterion which is sociological rather than chronological.
3 In general, just as the Book of Jubilees, while presenting many elements of old tradition, betrays on decisive internal grounds an age later than Genesis itself, so, in turn, there is sufficient conclusive evidence that Genesis in its present form includes older features, but belongs to the age to which (on quite independent grounds) the rest of the Pentateuch must be ascribed.
Israelite monarchy does not necessarily point to the priority of the traditions in Genesis or their later date.
Genesis preserves a selection of traditions relating to a few of the old Palestinian centres of cult.
It is significant, therefore, that the narratives in Genesis (apart from P) reflect a certain tolerant attitude; there is much that is contrary to prophetical thought, but even the latest compilers have not obliterated all features that, from a strict standpoint, could appear distasteful.
From a careful survey of all the accessible material it is beyond doubt that Genesis preserves only a selection of traditions of various ages and interests, and often not in their original form.
Their researches on this subject are indispensable for a critical study of Genesis.
ad loc. ' That there are traditions in Genesis which do not form the prelude to Exodus is very generally recognized by those who agree that the Israelites after entering Palestine took over some of the indigenous lore (whether from the Canaanites or from a presumed earlier layer of Israelites).
In Genesis it is preserved from the southern point of view.
Thus the book of Genesis represents the result of efforts to systematize the earliest history, and to make it a worthy prelude to the Mosaic legislation which formed the charter of Summary.
Also, from P alone it would have been equally impossible to recover the non-priestly forms. But while there is no immeasurable gulf between the canonical book of Genesis and Jubilees, the internal study of the former reveals traces of earlier traditions most profoundly different as regards thought and contents.
8, 6), and not until after these vicissitudes did the book of Genesis begin to assume its present shape.'
2 For Orr's other concessions bearing upon Genesis, see op. cit., pp. 9 seq., 87, 93, and (on J, E, P) 196, 335, 34 0.
These, like the concessions of other apologetic writers, far outweigh the often hypercritical, irrelevant, and superficial objections brought against the literary and historical criticism of Genesis.
Green's Unity of Genesis (1895); and J.
Spurrell, Notes on the Text of Genesis, and C. J.
Gordon, Early Traditions of Genesis (1907), and T.
As a term of disparagement and contempt the word is also used of persons, from the idea of wriggling or creeping on the ground, partly, too, perhaps, with a reminiscence of Genesis iii.
Cotton to the rectory of Ashley in Staffordshire, where he remained until June, 1642, when he went to London, probably to superintend the publication of his next work, A Few and New Observations upon the Book of Genesis: the most of them certain; the rest, probable; all, harmless, strange and rarely heard of before, which appeared at London in that year.
He was afterwards banished into Scythia, where he worked successfully among the Goths, not living to see the destruction of his labours by Athanaric. The Audaeans celebrated the feast of Easter on the same day as the Jewish Passover, and they were also charged with attributing to the Deity a human shape, an opinion which they appear to have founded on Genesis i.
Let us refer at this point to a document in Genesis which is perhaps hardly estimated at its true value, the so-called Table of Peoples in Gen.
These explanations are endorsed by Driver (Genesis,on Gen.
and Cheyne's Genesis and Exodus.
It is noteworthy that the first part of his name is identical with the name of the father of Canaan in Genesis (Ham or Kham), indicating his Arabian origin.
3 See Cheyne, Genesis and Exodus (on Gen.
These books are the result of an intricate literary process, on which see Bible (Old Testament: Canon), and the articles On the separate books (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy and Joshua).
The city is mentioned in the document that describes the battle of the four kings against five, inserted in the book of Genesis (ch.
The name of the steward of Abram's establishment is given in Genesis xv.
After replying to the question of Deogratias, and giving sundry counsels as to the best method of interesting catechumens, Augustine concludes by giving a model catechetical lecture, in which he covers the whole of biblical history, beginning from the opening chapters of Genesis, and laying particular stress on the doctrinal parts of Scripture.
Starting with the assumption of conscious experience as the content or filling-in of the individual mind, Locke proceeds to explain its genesis and nature by reference co the real universe of things and its mechanical operation upon the mind.
According to a fragment of Origen (on Genesis i.
The war was the genesis and caused the collapse of the third millenium north Mesopotamian civilization.
That would not be translation, yet that is what is happening when we translate Adam as man early in Genesis.
The book is illustrated with 12 pages of photographs and includes an afterword which describes the genesis of the project.
In Genesis 2, however, He is characterized by naive anthropomorphisms (human terminology applied to deity) which imply an inferior status.
Genesis works in partnerships and supports emerging artists through organizations such as the Young Vic, the Royal Court Theater and others.
Genesis tells how Jacob gained ascendancy over his brother, Esau, by means of his cunning.
Genesis chapter 40 (TEV) 1 Some time later the king of Egypt's wine steward and his chief baker offended the king.
Genesis 3 will lay the blame for evil at the door of the human race.
chronological sequence, the events of Genesis 6 follow Genesis 4. Genesis 5 is simply an inset into the story flow.
conjures visions of religious zealots who believe the book of Genesis verbatim.
connoisseur of art a piece of Genesis is treasured in many collections the world over.
The mosaic cosmogony has been called " the proem to Genesis.
The same is true of attempts to identify the big bang of modern cosmology with the myth of Genesis.
Those views, theistic evolution, progressive creationism, also deny the straightforward text of the book of Genesis.
Then a quick dash down to Genesis to see Mr Duck, who still seem to be stuck in the 80s.
It is even invoked as a way to explain away the significance of the plural word Elohim in such places as Genesis 1:1.
The song is structured with tranquil quiet verses and an upbeat chorus that combine to make a very Genesis like mini epic.
He wrote a brief exposition of the Gospel of Matthew under the title, The Genesis of the New Testament.
faint echoes of Genesis in the quiet of the opening passages.
Genesis Forwarding Services, with its Head Office in Eastbourne, is one of the country's leading independent, international freight forwarders.
United in the land, the promise to Abram in Genesis 15: 18, will be literally fulfilled.
genesis of an idea is often difficult to elicit unambiguously.
genesis of the project, much less on the casting decisions.
genesis of urinary continence problems and their resolution.
genesis of this work covers the time of the composer's ' internal exile ' .
genesis of vascular disease Annu.
genesis of a book.
Lamprecht traces the genesis of this idea to none other than Sir Edmund Halley.
Sir Denis Forman explains the genesis of the best of ITV's traditions to Steve Clarke.
DCI Tenet has already described the genesis of this PDB item in a letter to the 9-11 Commission dated March 26, 2004.
In the first chapter I explore the genesis of the Holocaust industry.
The Beat Surrender sat down with Doug Burnham to discuss the genesis of their sound, rebellion, and parenting.
An understanding the genesis of the Salem Witchcraft episode provides a way of understanding the genesis of these latter-day Satanic sexual abuse episodes.
A major conceptual task is to relate cultural genesis to natural genesis.
For words always come from the past, whether from the previous moment's thinking or the earliest genesis of the race.
One such railroad is the Chasewater Railroad, which can trace its origins back to the very genesis of railroad preservation.
genesis chapter 1 is the classic revelation of this.
genesis arc ' - possibly some form of... thing... which will allow passage to earth for fleets of Daleks?
The site... psx emulator games, download emulator snes, sega genesis roms, download games... aRCaDE.EXE.. .
Prof Carl L Amos Research interests: Quaternary stratigraphy, marine technology, placer genesis and sedimentology.
Talking of the main character, Suguru is more than similar to Shinji from neon genesis evangelion.
They give a fascinating glimpse of the genesis of Warren's later style.
In the Bible God speaks and He speaks in Genesis 1:1 and says He created the heavens and the earth.
This really could be the genesis of the fat mother-in-law joke, " one of the team breathlessly asserted.
He was fantastic in Genesis of the Daleks, but increasingly just a ranting maniac thereafter... Here!
nitric oxide synthase: role in the genesis of vascular disease Annu.
Continuity: At the end of Genesis of the Daleks, the Doctor was wearing his big brown overcoat.
overstepping of limits later on in Genesis 11 with the Tower of Babel.
In the biblical parable in Genesis, Adam and Eve became ashamed of their bodies after they disobeyed God.
placer genesis and sedimentology.
Genesis 1 is not written according to the laws of Hebrew poetry.
These range from the creation account in Genesis to the anti-idol polemic of Isaiah.
preoccupying on the genesis of the song Brian wrote: " Lately, I'd been depressed, preoccupied with death.
rabbinical tradition concerning the first chapter of Genesis, which we need not enter into here.
In the 2002/2003 season, Genesis supported a series of critically acclaimed recitals at St John's, Smith Square, London.
God then re-created the earth in the six literal days of creation described in the first chapter of Genesis.
saltation The genesis of powder snow avalanches is also thought to sometimes arise from a saltation layer on the surface of a dense avalanche.
sapient sir, is not growth, but genesis!
seventyusical Box are a French Canadian band who perform music from the early seventies, Gabriel era of Genesis.
In Genesis 37:28, Joseph was sold by his brothers to slave traders on their way to Egypt for 20 silver shekels.
The great message that rings out from chapter 1 of Genesis to chapter 22 of Revelation is that God is totally sovereign.
stipulations of the covenant made with Abraham in Genesis 17.
In Genesis 3:17-19 the ground is cursed by God to produce thorns which will make people's working of the land much harder.
unformed earth as depicted in Genesis 1:2.
The principle therefore of these investigations is opposed to two attempts frequently repeated in the history of philosophy, viz.: (1) the attempt to establish general laws or forms, which the development of things must have obeyed, or which a Creator must have followed in the creation of a world (Hegel); and (2) the attempt to trace the genesis of our notions and decide as to their meaning and value (modern theories of knowledge).
Among his essays may be mentioned The Evolution of Self-Consciousness and two articles published in 1871 on the Genesis of Species.
Another work, Verklaringe der Scheppenissen (1553) treats mystically the book of Genesis, a favourite theme with Boehme, Swedenborg and others.
Flut, Dutch vloed, from the same root as is seen in "flow," "float"), an overflow of water, an expanse of water submerging land,a deluge, hence "the flood," specifically, the Noachian deluge of Genesis, but also any other catastrophic submersion recorded in the mythology of other nations than the Hebrew (see DELUGE, THE).
Skinner, Genesis, pp. 269 sqq.).
All his knowledge of Semitic languages he used in a "conservative Higher Criticism," which is maintained in the following works: The Pentateuch Vindicated from the Aspersions of Bishop Colenso (1863), Moses and the Prophets (1883), The Hebrew Feasts in their Relation to Recent Critical Hypotheses Concerning the Pentateuch (1885), The Unity of the Book of Genesis (1895), The Higher Criticism of the Pentateuch (1895), and A General Introduction to the Old Testament, vol.
He wrote A History of American Politics (1881); The Genesis of a New England State - Connecticut (1883), in "Johns Hopkins University Studies"; A History of the United States for Schools (1886); Connecticut (1887) in the "American Commonwealths Series"; the article on the history of the United States for the 9th edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica, reprinted as The United States: Its History and Constitution (1887); a chapter on the history of American political parties in the seventh volume of Winsor's Narrative and Critical History of America, and many articles on the history of American politics in Lalor's Cyclopaedia of Political Science, Political Economy, and Political History of the United States (1881-1884).
In the view of Hobbes, the difficulty of the genesis of conscious minds is solved by saying that sensation and thought are part of the reaction of the organism on external movement.
In the third part of this work he inclines to a thoroughly natural hypothesis respecting the genesis of the physical world, and adds in the fourth part that the same kind of explanation might be applied to the nature and formation of plants and animals.
Maupertuis, who, together with Voltaire, introduced the new idea of the universe as based on Newton's discoveries, sought to account for the origin of organic things by the hypothesis of sentient atoms. Buffon the naturalist speculated, not only on the structure and genesis of organic beings, but also on the course of formation of the earth and solar system, which he conceived after the analogy of the development of organic beings out of seed.
Diderot, too, in his varied intellectual activity, found time to speculate on the genesis of sensation and thought out of a combination of matter endowed with an elementary kind of sentience.
He conceived of man as a product of nature that had gradually developed itself from a low condition, though he relinquished the problem of the exact mode of his first genesis and advance as not soluble by data of experience.
1 From the patriarchal narratives and genealogies in Genesis we infer that these races were closely allied to Israel.
He ventures into a more disputable region when he penetrates into the obscure realm of the Abrahamic migration and finds in the Abrahamic traditions of Genesis the higher Canaanite monotheistic tendencies evolved out of Babylonian astral religion, and reflected in the name El `Elyon (Gen.
These traditions of migration and kinship are in themselves entirely credible, but the detailed accounts of the ancestors Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, as given in Genesis, are inherently doubtful as regards both the internal conditions, which the (late) chronological scheme ascribes to the first half of the second millennium B.C., and the general circumstances of the life of these strangers in a foreign land.
This question, however, will rest upon those criteria alone which are of true chronological validity (see further Genesis).
Calebite, too, are Hebron and its patron Abraham, and both increase in prominence in the patriarchal narratives, where, moreover, an important body of tradition can have emanated only from outside Israel and Judah (see Genesis).
The first biblical mention of "Mount Gilead" occurs in connexion with the reconcilement of Jacob and Laban (Genesis xxxi.).
The evolution of the notion of elements is treated under Element; the molecular hypothesis of matter under Molecule; and the genesis of, and deductions from, the atomic theory of Dalton receive detailed analysis in the article Atom.
At the end of 1900 Loisy secured a government lectureship at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes Pratiques, and delivered there in succession courses on the Babylonian myths and the first chapters of Genesis; the Gospel parables; the narrative of the ministry in the synoptic Gospels; and the Passion narratives in the same.
The questions relating to the Heliand cannot be adequately discussed without considering also the poem on the history of Genesis, which, on the grounds of similarity in style and vocabulary, and for other reasons afterwards to be mentioned, may with some confidence be referred to the same author.
(2) He holds that any grouping of the sciences in a succession gives a radically wrong idea of their genesis and their interdependence; no true filiation exists; no science develops itself in isolation; no one is independent, either logically or historically.
Regarded as descriptive of the genesis of an alloy from a uniform liquid containing two or more metals, the term is not incorrect, and it may have acted as a signpost towards profitable methods of research.
The curious legend, in which the fabulous origin of the so-called society was enshrined (that a certain Christian Rosenkreuz had discovered the secret wisdom of the East on a pilgrimage in the 15th century), was so improbable, though ingenious, that the genesis of the Rosicrucians was generally overlooked or ignored, but the worthy objects of the fratres were soon discovered and supported by several able men; the result being a mass of literature on the subject, which absorbs some 80 pages of Gardner's Catalogue Raisonne of Works on the Occult Sciences (London, 1903).
At the same place, too, he wrote Quaestiones Hebraicae on Genesis, 2 and a series of commentaries on Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Daniel, the Twelve Minor Prophets, Matthew and the Epistles of St Paul.
In a word, the Hebrew Genesis shows unequivocal evidence of Babylonian origin, but, in the words of Professor Sayce, it is but "a paraphrase and not a translation."
Professor Sayce, one of the most distinguished of modern Assyriologists, writing as an opponent of the purely destructive "Higher Criticism," demands no more than that the Book of Genesis "shall take rank by the side of the other monuments of the past as the record of events which have actually happened and been handed on by credible men"; that it shall, in short, be admitted to be "a collection of ancient documents which have all the value of contemporaneous testimony," but which being in themselves "wrecks of vast literatures which extended over the Oriental world from a remote epoch," cannot be understood aright "except in the light of the contemporaneous literature of which they form a portion."
He appealed to the popular conviction that the proper object of sense is the sole reality, although he despaired of getting men to give up their belief in its externality, and asserted that nothing but prejudice prevented them from doing so; and there is little doubt that, if it had ever occurred to him, as it did to Berkeley, to explain the genesis of the notion of externality, he would have been more hopeful of commending his theory to the popular mind.
Another hoax was Franklin's parable against religious persecution thrown into Scriptural form and quoted by him as the fiftyfirst chapter of Genesis.
The jarring chronological notices belong to the post-exilic framework of the book (see Genesis).
In the Priestly Code, c. 409 B.C., there is no reference to angels apart from the possible suggestion in the ambiguous plural in Genesis i.
Numerous instructive examples of the active tendency to develop tradition may be observed in the relationship between Genesis and the " Book of Jubilees," or in the embellishments of Old Testament history in the Antiquities of Josephus, or in the widening gaps in the diverse traditions of the famous figures of the Old Testament (Adam, Noah, Enoch, Abraham, Moses, Isaiah, Ezra, &c.), as they appear in noncanonical writings.
The book of Jubilees (a haggadic and halakic Midrash on Genesis, about 2nd century B.C.), contains the story of the war between Amorite Kings and Jacob (ch.
Second, the very genesis of so bulky a substance as the primary and eutectic graphite while the metal is solidifying (fig.
1, &c.) Its foundation is variously ascribed to Abraham and Isaac, and different etymologies for its name are suggested, in the fundamental documents of Genesis (xxi.
The Book of Genesis had told how all things were called into existence by a Divine utterance: " God said, Let there be.
The traditions recording the separation of Lot from Abraham, of Hagar and Ishmael from Isaac, and of Esau from Jacob, although at present arranged in a descending scheme of family relationship, are the result of systematic grouping and cannot express any chronological order of events (see Genesis).
The Proprium de Tempore contains the office of the seasons of the Christian year (Advent to Trinity), a conception that only gradually grew up. There is here given the whole service for every Sunday and week-day, the proper antiphons, responsories, hymns, and especially the course of daily Scripture-reading, averaging about twenty verses a day, and (roughly) arranged thus: for Advent, Isaiah; Epiphany to Septuagesima, Pauline Epistles; Lent, patristic homilies (Genesis on Sundays); Passion-tide, Jeremiah; Easter to Whitsun, Acts, Catholic epistles and Apocalypse; Whitsun to August, Samuel and Kings; August to Advent, Wisdom books, Maccabees, Prophets.
His work constitutes the oldest commentary in the world on Genesis and part of Exodus, an enlarged Targum on these books, in which difficulties in the biblical narration are solved, gaps supplied, dogmatically offensive elements removed and the genuine spirit of later Judaism infused into the primitive history of the world.
These primitive stories of the relations between the eponymous heads of the Edomites and Israelites are due to the older (Judaean) sources; the late notices of the Priestly school (see Genesis) preserve a different account of the parting of the two (Gen.
The hoax was finally exposed by Professor Othniel C. Marsh of Yale; and George Hall of Binghamton, N.Y., confessed to the fraud, his object having been to discredit belief in the "giants" of Genesis vi.
In a prayer addressed to " First birth of my birth, first beginning (or principle) of my beginning, first spirit of the spirit in me," he prays " to be restored to his deathless birth (genesis), albeit he is let a.nd hindered by his underlying nature, to the end that according to the pressing need and spur of his longing he may gaze upon the deathless principle with deathless spirit, through the deathless water, through the solid and the air; that he may be re-born through reason (or idea), that he may be consecrated, and the holy spirit breathe in"him, that he may admire the holy fire, that he may behold the abyss of the Orient, dread water, and that he may be heard of the quickening and circumambient ether; for this day he is about to gaze on the revealed reality with deathless eyes; a mortal born of mortal womb, he has been enhanced in excellence by the might of the All-powerful and by the right hand of the Deathless one," &c.
In an inscription of the Kassite conqueror Gaddas the name appears as Ba-ba-lam, as if from the Assyrian babalu, " to bring"; another foreign Volksetymologie is found in Genesis xi.
2 The covenant (characteristic of the latest narratives in Genesis) also prohibits the shedding of blood (cf.
There is a huge Rabbinical tradition concerning the first chapter of Genesis, which we need not enter into here.
In the 2002/2003 season, Genesis supported a series of critically acclaimed recitals at St John 's, Smith Square, London.
Saltation The genesis of powder snow avalanches is also thought to sometimes arise from a saltation layer on the surface of a dense avalanche.
But this, most sapient sir, is not growth, but genesis !
The Musical Box are a French Canadian band who perform music from the early seventies, Gabriel era of Genesis.
This leads us to our next point, namely the precise stipulations of the covenant made with Abraham in Genesis 17.
The Genesis creation stories do not belong only to Christians but, irresistibly, Christians see here a Trinitarian theology of creation.
In Genesis 3:17-19 the ground is cursed by God to produce thorns which will make people 's working of the land much harder.
The poet does not have in mind the formation of a deep which covered the unformed earth as depicted in Genesis 1:2.
Weber Genesis E-310 with an average price of $650.
This is a budget priced model with similar features of the Weber Genesis E-310.
According to the company's website, their diet and lifestyle recommendations are based on the Book of Genesis from the Bible.
When united, the two pendant halves display Genesis 18.24 in full on the back.
The Genesis School of Hypnosis in Chesapeake, VA offers an approach that can help snorers make changes in behavior that can help alleviate snoring conditions.
Lucasfilm released later versions for Sega Genesis and NES.
In 1990, EA's investment in new games for the new Sega Genesis game system resulted in enormous growth after the Genesis (the first 16-bit game console) was released and became one of the most popular consoles in the industry.
Whether the game was originally released for the Super Nintendo, Sega Genesis, or Nintendo 64, it is typically possible to play these games with a standard GameCube controller of your choosing.
Released in October 1993, this sytem made use of CD-ROM media, offering much more storage capacity than the then-current Sega Genesis and Super Nintendo, but could it keep up with the powerhouse PlayStation the following year?
For example, the name change provided the opportunity to review games from the Sega Genesis and Sega Game Gear as well.
It initially competed against the Sega Genesis and Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES), but later faced off against the much more popular Sony PlayStation.
Because it initially competed against the SNES and Genesis, it was not necessary to have huge storage capacities in the games, so the Jaguar ran primarly on cartridges up to 6MB in size.
Many of the best Sega Genesis games have the same classic, addictive qualities that games on other systems have.
Meant to compete with Nintendo's Mario, Sonic helped catapult the Sega Genesis into popularity.
The Sonic series has spawned over 30 games released on the Genesis, Saturn, Dreamcast, GameBoy and DS consoles, PlayStation 2 and 3, Xbox/Xbox 360, the PC and even the Nokia N-Gage.
With immersion similar to Final Fantasy, Phantasy Star includes four original games for the Genesis as well as three spin-offs and a couple of remakes for the modern video game systems.
Want to enjoy the best Sega Genesis games?
If you have an Xbox 360, PlayStation 2 or PS3, you can purchase a couple of collections with some of the best Sega Genesis games ever released.
For the PlayStation 2, you can buy the Sega Genesis Collection and for the new systems you can get Sonic's Ultimate Genesis Collection.
Lastly, a console emulator is another option to play the best Sega Genesis games.
An emulator simulates the Genesis's hardware on your PC.
Through this download service, you'll find countless classic titles that were originally released on the NES, SNES, N64, Genesis, and Turbo Grafx-16.
Edging slightly is the Wii because with the Virtual Console, you will be able to purchase (through Wii Points) older games from the N64, the Sega Genesis, and other consoles to play right from the Wii.
The same can be said about classics from other consoles, like the Sega Genesis.
ROMs can only really come from cartridge games like those on the NES, Genesis, or the Game Boy.
Continuing with the rivalry between the two firms, the Sega Mega Drive (Sega Genesis) was launched in 1988, followed shortly afterward by the Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES) in 1990.
After the 8-bit NES, we saw the 16-bit Sega Genesis, 32-bit Sony PlayStation, and 64-bit Nintendo 64.
The graphics rivaled the Sega Genesis and the Super Nintendo and could easily port over Turbo Graphx-16 games.
Sega still wanted to try to topple Nintendo's hold on the portable gaming market, so Sega released the Nomad, which was meant to be portable edition of the Genesis.
Sega's Master system had more success in Japan than in the U.S. Undeterred, Sega progressed by launching the Sega Genesis in 1989, beating Nintendo to the market with a 16-bit system by two years.
Sega pumped out the Genesis in 1989 and gained much of the market share from Nintendo.
The graphics were slightly better (as evident in Vectorman) and developers quickly saw a need for Genesis games and put them out as fast as they could.
The Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES) came out two years after the Genesis and had a small uphill battle to journey before regaining some of their lost market share.