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generated

generated Sentence Examples

  • And in this efficiency that is generated by specialization, wealth is created.

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  • Electric power generated by steam is now commonly used in Buenos Aires and other large cities for driving light machinery.

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  • The first volume, Vegetable Staticks (1727), contains an account of numerous experiments in plant-physiology - the loss of water in plants by evaporation, the rate of growth of shoots and leaves, variations in root-force at different times of the day, &c. Considering it very probable that plants draw "through their leaves some part of their nourishment from the air," he undertook experiments to show in "how great a proportion air is wrought into the composition of animal, vegetable and mineral substances"; though this "analysis of the air" did not lead him to any very clear ideas about the composition of the atmosphere, in the course of his inquiries he collected gases over water in vessels separate from those in which they were generated, and thus used what was to all intents and purposes a "pneumatic trough."

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  • The facility was funded in part by the city's recreation department, whose funds were, for the most part, generated from the highly profitable hot spring pool that operated year around at the edge of town.

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  • In the newer type (which was first proposed by Andrews for the combustion of gases) the chemical action takes place in a completely closed combustion chamber of sufficient strength to resist the pressure generated by the sudden action, which is often of explosive violence.

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  • If the flue pipe be carried up a considerable distance inside the apartment to be warmed before being turned into the external air, practically the whole of the heat generated will be utilized.

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  • In ancient times meteors were supposed to be generated in the air by inflammable gases.

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  • The steam operates by carrying the vapours away to the condenser as fast as they are generated, the injury to the products resulting from their remaining in contact with the highly-heated surface of the still being thus prevented.

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  • Ever-increasing wealth will be generated by ever-faster technological advances.

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  • In thus rapidly penetrating the air heat is generated, the meteor becomes incandescent, and the phenomena of the streak or train is produced.

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  • And we got them all, more or less, by trade and the wealth generated by our work doing some function for which we are trained.

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  • For example, does the heat generated by friction vary as the friction and the time during which it acts, or is it proportional to the friction and the distance through which the rubbing bodies are displaced - that is, to the work done against friction - or does it involve any other conditions?

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  • The motivepower generated by the Camuzzoni canal is utilized by a large nail factory, flour mills, paper mills, cotton mills and works for the distribution of electric energy.

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  • Twenty-five percent of all of the electricity used in the restaurant is generated by the sun.

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  • In this apparatus electric A B C currents are generated by turning a handle (placed in front of the instrument), which is geared, in the instru ment.

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  • It is also possible to find in them many anticipations of the views of the economists of later times; but such statements were as a rule generated merely by the heat of controversy on some measure or event of practical importance, and when the controversy died down were seldom regarded or incorporated in a scientific system.

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  • As the news of the destruction of the 'Grande Armee spread, and the appearance of countless stragglers convinced the Prussian people of the reality of the disaster, the spirit generated by years of French domination burst out.

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  • A wire carrying an electric current is surrounded by a magnetic field, and if the wire is bent into the form of an elongated coil or spiral, a field having certain very useful qualities is generated in the interior.

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  • But when exceptionally strong fields are desired, the use of a coil is limited by the heating effect of the magnetizing current, the quantity of heat generated per unit of time in a coil of given dimensions increasing as the square of the magnetic field produced in its interior.

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  • When the secondary disturbance thus obtained is integrated with respect to dS over the entire plane of the lamina, the result is necessarily the same as would have been obtained had the primary wave been supposed to pass on without resolution, for this is precisely the motion generated when every element of the lamina vibrates with a common motion, equal to that attributed to dS.

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  • The electromotive force thus generated is measured by a galvanometer, the scale of which is divided and figured so that the temperature may be-directly read.

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  • He then supposed this cylindrical column of water to be divided into two parts, - the first, which he called the " cataract," being an hyperboloid generated by the revolution of an hyperbola of the fifth degree around the axis of the cylinder which should pass through the orifice, and the second the remainder of the water in the cylindrical vessel.

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  • The equations of motion can be established in a similar way by considering the rate of increase of momentum in a fixed direction of the fluid inside the surface, and equating it to the momentum generated by the force acting throughout the space 5, and by the pressure acting over the surface S.

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  • the moment of inertia of the body about the axis, denoted by But if is the moment of inertia of the body about a mean diameter, and w the angular velocity about it generated by an impluse couple M, and M' is the couple required to set the surrounding medium in motion, supposed of effective radius of gyration k', If the shot is spinning about its axis with angular velocity p, and is precessing steadily at a rate about a line parallel to the resultant momentum F at an angle 0, the velocity of the vector of angular momentum, as in the case of a top, is C i pµ sin 0- C2µ 2 sin 0 cos 0; (4) and equating this to the impressed couple (multiplied by g), that is, to gN = (c 1 -c 2)c2u 2 tan 0, (5) and dividing out sin 0, which equated to zero would imply perfect centring, we obtain C21 2 cos 0- (c 2 -c 1)c2u 2 sec 0 =o.

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  • The electric furnace has several advantages as compared with some of the ordinary types of furnace, arising from the fact that the heat is generated from within the mass of material operated upon, and (unlike the blastfurnace, which presents the same advantage) without a large volume of gaseous products of combustion and atmospheric nitrogen being passed through it.

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  • The electromotive force thus generated is measured by a galvanometer, the scale of which is divided and figured so that the temperature may be-directly read.

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  • The equations of motion can be established in a similar way by considering the rate of increase of momentum in a fixed direction of the fluid inside the surface, and equating it to the momentum generated by the force acting throughout the space 5, and by the pressure acting over the surface S.

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  • With this " free " wave is combined a " forced " wave, generated, by the direct action of the sun and moon, within the Atlantic area itself.

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  • Now, we know that the number of electrochemical equivalents electrolysed is proportional to the whole amount of electricity which passed through the circuit, and the product of this by the electromotive force of the battery is the work done by the latter, so that in this case also Joule showed that the heat generated was proportional to the work done.

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  • Hence, when the coil at one fixed station was in action it generated high frequency alternating currents, which were propagated across the air gap between the ordinary telegraph wires and the metallic surfaces attached to one secondary terminal of the induction coil, and conveyed along the ordinary telegraph wires between station and moving train.

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  • The current required for it is generated by dynamos driven from the axles of the coaches.

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  • Combustion calorimeters are employed for observing the heat generated by the brisk interaction of substances, one of which at least is gaseous.

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  • within the city limits, is dammed a short distance south of the city, and 16,000 horse-power is generated, part of which is transmitted to the city.

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  • Treatment with a warm alkaline solution is afterwards advisable, in order to remove traces of hydrochloric acid generated during the process.

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  • Now, we know that the number of electrochemical equivalents electrolysed is proportional to the whole amount of electricity which passed through the circuit, and the product of this by the electromotive force of the battery is the work done by the latter, so that in this case also Joule showed that the heat generated was proportional to the work done.

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  • The gas generated in the kiln is taken off at the top by a pipe to a gas-washer.

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  • The gas generated in the kiln is taken off at the top by a pipe to a gas-washer.

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  • After a century, electricity was still being generated.

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  • In other words, are these organisms not spontaneously generated?

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  • The typical mine fan consists of a shaft upon which are mounted a number of vanes enclosed in a casing; the air entering a central side inlet is caught up by the revolving vanes and thrown out at the periphery by the centrifugal force thus generated.

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  • Pappus, in his Collections, treats of its history, and gives two methods by which it can be generated.

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  • In the same year another patent was granted to C. Watt for a similar process, involving the employment of an externally generated current.

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  • Having proceeded so far, I considered that the terms (1 -xx) I, (I- (1 -xx) I, (i -xx)l, &c., that is I, I -x 2, I -2x 2 +x 4, I -3x 2 -} 3x 4 -x 6, &c., might be interpolated in the same manner as the areas generated by them, and for this, nothing more was required than to omit the denominators I, 3, 5, 7, &c., in the terms expressing the areas; that is, the coefficients of the terms of the quantity to be interpolated (1-xx) 4 or (1 - xx) 3/2, or generally (I -xx)"n will m m-n e.g.

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  • There have also been introduced processes in which the chlorine is generated in the chloridizing vat, the reagents used being dilute solutions of bleaching powder and an acid.

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  • Chlorine is generated within the barrel from sulphuric acid and chloride of lime.

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  • Sulphur dioxide, generated by burning sulphur, is forced into the solution under pressure, where it interacts with any free chlorine present to form hydrochloric and sulphuric acids.

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  • In some cases steam generated in boilers at the surface is carried in pipes to the engines below, but there is less loss of power when compressed air is sent down in the same way.

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  • The purity of the carbide entirely depends on the purity of the material used in its manufacture, and before this fact had been fully grasped by manufacturers, and only the purest material obtainable employed, it contained notable quantities of compounds which during its decomposition by water yielded a somewhat high pro portion of impurities in the acetylene generated from it.

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  • It is a particular form of the limagon (q.v.) and is generated in the same way.

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  • Buonanni, a learned Jesuit of Rome) that they are not generated out of the mud or sand found on the seashore or the beds of rivers at low water, but from spawn, by the regular course of generation; and he maintained the same to be true of the fresh-water mussel (Unio), whose ova he examined so carefully that he saw in them the rotation of the embryo, a phenomenon supposed to have been first discovered long afterwards.

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  • formulae, not involving the conception of an angle as generated by rotation, belong to this stage; the additional geometrical idea involved being that of the proportionality of the sides of similar triangles.

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  • The third stage is analytical mensuration, the essential feature of which is that account is taken of the manner in which a figure is generated.

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  • The rectangle, for instance, has so far been regarded as a plane figure bounded by one pair of parallel straight lines and another pair at right angles to them, so that the conception of " rectangularity " has had reference to boundary rather than to content; analytically, the rectangle must be regarded as the figure generated by an ordinate of constant length moving parallel to itself with one extremity on a straight line perpendicular to it.

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  • To regard a figure as being generated in a particular way is essentially the same as to regard it as being.

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  • A plane figure bounded by a continuous curve, or a solid figure bounded by a continuous surface, may generally be most conveniently regarded as generated by a straight line, or a plane area, moving in a fixed direction at right angles to itself, and changing as it moves.

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  • The treatment of an angle as generated by rotation, the investigation of the relations between trigonometrical ratios and circular measure, the application of interpolation to trigonometrical tables, and the general use of graphical methods to represent continuous variation, all imply an analytical onlook, and must therefore be deferred to this stage.

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  • The ordinary definition of a circle is equivalent to definition as the figure generated by the rotation of a radius of constant length in a plane, and is thus essentially analytical.

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  • This implies the treatment of a plane or solid figure as being wholly comprised between two parallel lines or planes, regarded by convention as being vertical; the figure being generated by an ordinate or section moving at right angles to itself through a distance which is called the breadth of the figure.

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  • - The solid or surface generated by the revolution of a plane closed figure or a plane continuous line about a straight line in its plane, not intersecting it, is a solid of revolution or surface of revolution, the straight line being its axis.

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  • These two theorems may be stated as follows: (i) If any plane figure revolves about an external axis in its plane, the volume of the solid generated by the revolution is equal to the product of the area of the figure and the distance travelled by the centroid of the figure.

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  • (ii) If any line in a plane revolves about an external axis in the plane, the area of the curved surface generated by the revolution is equal to the product of the length of the line and the distance travelled by the centroid of the line.

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  • It may be regarded as generated either by a trapezette moving in a direction at right angles to itself and changing its top but keeping its breadth unaltered, or by an ordinate moving so that its foot has every possible position within a rectangular base.

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  • Similarly, analytical plane geometry deals with the curve described by a point moving in a particular way, while analytical plane mensuration deals with the figure generated by an ordinate moving so that its length varies in a particular manner depending on its position.

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  • The solid may then be regarded as generated by the cross-section moving parallel to itself and changing its shape, or its position with regard.

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  • above Glens Falls, on the Hudson, a massive stone dam has been erected; here electric power, distributed to a large area, is generated.

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  • The street railway and the lighting system of the city are run by power generated at a plant and 40 ft.

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  • The intense heat generated tends to liberate many impurities which are carried away in the slag.

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  • It is generated by the extremities of a rod which is constrained to move so that its middle point traces out a circle, the rod always passing through a fixed point on the circumference.

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  • The city is lighted by electricity generated by the water power of Niagara Falls, and by manufactured gas.

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  • Passing from Moleschott to Lyell's view of the evolution of the earth's crust and later to Darwin's theory of natural selection and environment, he reached the general inference that, not God but evolution of matter, is the cause of the order of the world; that life is a combination of matter which in favourable circumstances is spontaneously generated; that there is no vital principle, because all forces, non-vital and vital, are movements; that movement and evolution proceed from life to consciousness; that it is foolish for man to believe that the earth was made for him, in the face of the difficulties he encounters in inhabiting it; that there is no God, no final cause, no immortality, no freedom, no substance of the soul; and that mind, like light or heat, electricity or magnetism, or any other physical fact, is a movement of matter.

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  • (3) When the sensorium is strongly excited nerve-force is generated in excess, and is transmitted in definite directions, depending on the connexions of nerve-cells and on habit.

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  • holes or " tuyeres " near the bottom or " hearth," and through the melting away, by the heat thus generated, both of the iron itself which has been deoxidized in its descent, and of the other minerals of the ore, called the " gangue," which unite with the FIG.

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  • This carburizing is an indispensable part of the process, because through it alone can the iron be made fusible enough to melt at the temperature which can be generated in the furnace, and only when liquid can it be separated readily and completely from the slag.

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  • But no part of the Bessemer converter is of a shape easily affected by the heat, no part of it is exposed to the heat on more than one side, and the converter itself is necessarily cooler than the metal within it, because the heat is generated within the metal itself by the combustion of its silicon and other calorific elements.

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  • It is in large part because of this shallowness, which contrasts so strongly with the height and roominess of the Bessemer converter, that the process lasts hours where the Bessemer process lasts minutes, though there is the further difference that in the open-hearth process the transfer of heat from flame to charge through the intervening layer of slag is necessarily slow, whereas in the Bessemer process the heat, generated as it is in and by the metallic bath itself, raises the temperature very rapidly.

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  • The general plan of the open-hearth process was certainly conceived by Josiah Marshall Heath in 1845, if not indeed by Reaumur in 1722, but for lack of a furnace in which a high enough temperature could be generated it could not be carried out until the development of the Siemens regenerative gas furnace about 1860.

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  • Hence in the intermittent system most of the heat generated within the furnace escapes from it with the products of combustion.

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  • in diameter, and has a speed of fifty revolutions per minute, and the power generated is transmitted through bevel-gearing to a horizontal shaft from which the power is taken FIG.

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  • p. 537, " A 12-Mile Transmission of Power Generated by Pelton Wheels "; vol.

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  • A fresh cause of dispute was generated in 1548, when Christian III.'s daughter was wedded to Duke Augustus of Saxony.

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  • Pascal solved the hitherto refractory problem of the general quadrature of the cycloid, and proposed and solved a variety of others relating to the centre of gravity of the curve and its segments, and to the volume and centre of gravity of solids of revolution generated in various ways by means of it.

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  • No wonder if these conquests generated in the minds of the Venetians and the Pisans fresh jealousy against Genoa, and provoked fresh wars; but the struggle between Genoa and Pisa was brought to a disastrous conclusion for the latter state by the battle of Meloria in 1284.

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  • The inference is that the "fatigue substances" generated in the muscle fibres in the course of their prolonged contraction injure and paralyse the motor end plates, which are places of synapsis between nerve cell and muscle cell, even earlier than they harm the contractility of the muscle fibres themselves.

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  • Stretching of the muscles antagonistic to the extensors - namely, of the flexor muscles - reduces the jerk by inhibiting the extensor spinal nerve cells through the nervous impulses generated by the tense flexor muscles.

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  • the tetraspores, and the sexual plant may only be reached after a series of such plants have been successively generated.

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  • Alumina is treated at works near Foyers in the shire of Inverness, where abundant water power enables electricity to be generated cheaply.

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  • The city is the see of a Roman Catholic bishop. Superior has a cheap fuel supply and power is furnished by electricity generated on the St Louis river.

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  • Chlorine, generated in an ordinary or a Weldon still, is passed in and is rapidly absorbed.

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  • The continuous flow method is specially applicable to the important case of calorific value of gaseous fuel, where a large quantity of heat is continuously generated at a nearly uniform rate by combustion.

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  • By Ohm'S Law, And By The Definition Of Difference Of Electric Pressure Or Potential, We Obtain The Following Alternative Expressions For The Quantity Of Heat H In Joules Generated In A Time T Seconds By A Current Of C Amperes Flowing In A Wire Of Resistance R Ohms, The Difference Of Potential Between The Ends Of The Wire Being E = Cr Volts: H=Ect=Crt=E Z T/R.

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  • The Rate Of Stirring Adopted Was So Slow That The Heat Generated By It Could Be Neglected.

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  • It contains in germ a doctrine of categories discovered but not generated in the psychological processes of the individual.

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  • This objection to the air-engine arises from the fact that the heat comes to it from external combustion; it disappears when internal combustion is resorted to; that is to say, when the heat is generated within the envelope containing the working air, by the combustion there of gaseous or other fuel.

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  • Since the impulse of the force in any element of time & has zero moment about 0, the same will be true of the additional momentum generated.

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  • 77 the kinetic energy generated is ~M (ic2H- Cq2)cuf, if C be the instantaneous centre; this is seen to be equal to ~F.

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  • q,,) tobe generated instantaneously from rest by the action of suitable impulsive forces, we find on integrating (II) with respect tot over the infinitely short duration of the impulse ~-=Q.

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  • That for a pair of turning pieces with parallel axes, and for a turning piece and a shifting piece, the line of contact is straight, and parallel to the axes or axis; and hence that the rolling surfaces are either plane or cylindrical (the term cylindrical including all surfaces generated by the motion of a straight line parallel tO itself).

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  • That for a pair of turning pieces with intersecting axes the line of contact is also straight, and traverses the~ point of intersection of the axes; and hence that the rolling surfaces are conical, with a common apex (the term conical including all surfaces generated by the motion of a straight line which traverses a fixed point).

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  • Sliding Cont?,zct (lateral): Skew-Bevel Wheels.An hyperboloid of revolution is a surface resembling a sheaf or a dice box, generated by the rotation of a straight iAn line round an axis from which it is at a constant distance, - c and to which it is inclined at -~- a constant angle.

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  • The directions and positions of the axes being given, and the required angular velocity ratio, the following construction serves to determine the line of contact, by whose rotation round the two axes respectively the hyperboloids are generated: In fig.

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  • Teeth of Bevel- Wheels.The acting surfaces of the teeth of bevel-wheels are of the conical kind, generated by the motion of a line passing through the common apex of the pitch-cones, while its extremity is carried round the outlines of the cross section of the teeth made by a sphere described about that apex.

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  • That condition is / fulfilled by a pair of con- B ?-D tinuous cones generated by - \ the revolution of two straight 2 / lines inclined opposite ways to -, their respective axes at equal angles.

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  • Let r1 be the radius of the large end of each, ri that of the small end, r, that of the middle; and let Ii be the sagitta, measured perpendicular to the axes, of the arc by whose revolution each of the conoids is generated, or, in other words, the bulging of the conoids in the middle of their length.

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  • that one live (germ) which was enclosed in the void was generated by the power of heat (or fervour); desire then first came upon it, which was the first seed of the mind.

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  • It was only crushed by forces generated in the nation that produced it, by the Inquisition and by despotic Catholic absolutism.

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  • So long as the religious motive remained dominant, "blue laws" were a prominent feature of the administration, but by a slow transition the economic motive became the dominant one, and, as a consequence of this transition and of the corporate form of government, European institutions were transformed into American institutions and new political ideas were generated more rapidly in New England than in either the Middle or the Southern colonies.

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  • 1763) showed that quite small differences determined the sign of the electrification that was generated by the friction of two bodies one against the other.

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  • Peltier (1785-1845) in 1814 discovered that a current passed across the junction of two metals either generated or absorbed heat.

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  • The 3rd series (1833) he devoted to discussion of the identity of electricity derived from various sources, frictional, voltaic, animal and thermal, and he proved by rigorous experiments the identity and similarity in properties of the electricity generated by these various methods.

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  • By these electric current was generated and transmitted to towns and factories around, being sent overhead as far as Buffalo, a distance of 18 m.

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  • The heat generated by the oxidation of iron and sulphur has always been used to maintain combustion in the kilns or stalls for roasting pyrites.

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  • Sulphuric acid may be applied as such on the ores placed in lead, brick, or stone chambers; or as a mixture of sulphur dioxide, nitrous fumes (generated from Chile saltpetre and sulphuric acid), and steam, which permeates the ore resting on the false bottom of a brick chamber.

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  • The waves may be generated by electrically maintained tuning-forks from which dippers touch the surface; but special arrangements are needed for rendering them visible.

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  • In 1904 electricity, generated by water-power from the rivers, notably the Snake, began to be utilized in mining operations.

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  • below the surface is tapped and pumped by electricity generated from the only surface water of the region, Camas Creek.

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  • In these and the other 93 saw-mills in the state in 1905 steam generated by the waste wood was the common power.

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  • Leonhard Euler (Acta Petrop. 1784) showed that the same hypocycloid can be generated by circles having radii of; (a+b) rolling on a circle of radius a; and also that the hypocycloid formed when the radius of the rolling circle is greater than that of the fixed circle is the same as the epicycloid formed by the rolling of a circle whose radius is the difference of the original radii.

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  • Electricity, generated at the Shenandoah river, is used for power in many of the factories.

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  • The power thus generated has been largely instrumental in creating the city of Paterson (q.v.).

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  • This model, which was shown at the exhibition of the Aeronautical Society of Great Britain at the Crystal Palace in 1868, consisted of two superposed screws propelled by an engine, the steam for which was generated (for lightness) in an aluminium boiler.

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  • Blaise Pascal determined the area of the section made by any line parallel to the base and the volumes and centres of gravity of the solids generated by revolving the curve about its axis and base.

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  • Sir Christopher Wren, the famous architect, determined the length of the arc and its centre of gravity, and Pierre Fermat deduced the surface of the spindle generated by its revolution.

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  • The method by which the cycloid is generated shows that it consists of an infinite number of cusps placed along the fixed line and separated by a constant distance equal to the circumference of the rolling circle.

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  • It is generated as follows: Let ABC be a circle having AB for a diameter.

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  • For that this Thought (gvvoia), recognizing her father's will, had leapt forth from him, and descended to lower regions, and generated the angelic powers by whom this world was made.

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  • It is manufactured from the magnesium bromide contained in "bittern" (the mother liquor of the salt industry), by two processes, the continuous and the periodic. The continuous process depends upon the decomposition of the bromide by chlorine, which is generated in special stills.

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  • Ross wrote: "So may he (Sir Thomas Browne) doubt whether in cheese and timber worms are generated; or if beetles and wasps in cows' dung; or if butterflies, locusts, grasshoppers, shell-fish, snails, eels, and such like, be procreated of putrefied matter, which is apt to receive the form of that creature to which it is by formative power disposed.

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  • The principal features of this invention are, first, a much more thorough purification of the burner-gas than had been practised up to that time, both in a chemical and a mechanical sense, and second, the prevention of superheating of the contact substance, which formerly always occurred by the heat generated in the process itself.

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  • Halley only communicated to Newton the fact " that Hooke had some pretensions to the invention of the rule for the decrease of gravity being reciprocally as the squares of the distances from the centre," acknowledging at the same time that, though Newton had the notion from him, " yet the demonstration of the curves generated thereby belonged wholly to Newton."

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  • In accurate comparisons, therefore, it is necessary that the coils to be compared should be immersed in melting ice, and that sufficient time should be allowed to elapse between the measurements for the heat generated in the coil to be removed.

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  • Schuppenstruktur) is generated.

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  • Plucker first gave a scientific dual definition of a curve, viz.; " A curve is a locus generated by a point, and enveloped by a line - the point moving continuously along the line, while the line rotates continuously about the point "; the point is a point (ineunt.) of the curve, the line is a tangent of the curve.

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  • To develop the theory, consider the curve corresponding to any particular value of the parameter; this has with the consecutive curve (or curve belonging to the consecutive value of the parameter) a certain number of intersections and of common tangents, which may be considered as the tangents at the intersections; and the so-called envelope is the curve which is at the same time generated by the points of intersection and enveloped by the common tangents; we have thus a dual generation.

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  • At any one of the m 2 -26 - 3K points the variable curve and the consecutive curve have tangents distinct from yet infinitesimally near to each other, and each of these two tangents is also infinitesimally near to one of the n 2 -2T-3t common tangents of the two curves; whence, attending only to the variable curve, and considering the consecutive curve as coming into actual coincidence with it, the n 2 -2T-3c common tangents are the tangents to the variable curve at the m 2 -26-3K points respectively, and the envelope is at the same time generated by the m 2 -26-3K points, and enveloped by the n2-2T-3c tangents; we have thus a dual generation of the envelope, which only differs from Pliicker's dual generation, in that in place of a single point and tangent we have the group of m2-26-3K points and n 2 -2T-3c tangents.

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  • Stated in regard to the cone, we have there the fundamental theorem that there are two different kinds of sheets; viz., the single sheet, not separated into two parts by the vertex (an instance is afforded by the plane considered as a cone of the first order generated by the motion of a line about a point), and the double or twin-pair sheet, separated into two parts by the vertex (as in the cone of the second order).

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  • But, in consequence of the centrifugal force generated by the rotation, it assumes a spheroidal form, the equatorial regions bulging out.

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  • The term cissoid has been given in modern times to curves generated in similar manner from other figures than the circle, and the form described above is distinguished as the cissoid of Diodes.

    0
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  • (b) Fleitmann's test and Marsh's test depend on the fact that arsenic and its compounds, when present in a solution in which hydrogen is being generated, are converted into arseniuretted hydrogen, which can be readily detected either by its action on silver nitrate solution or by its decomposition on heating.

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  • In the Marsh test the solution containing the arsenious compounds is mixed with pure hydrochloric acid and placed in an apparatus in which hydrogen is generated from pure zinc and pure sulphuric acid.

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    0
  • In logic Avicenna starts from distinguishing between the isolated concept and the judgment or assertion; from which two primitive elements of knowledge there is artificially generated a complete and scientific knowledge by the two processes of definition and syllogism.

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    0
  • For the perfect and absolute, the consummation of movement is not generated at any point in the process; it is an ideal end, which guides the operations of nature, and does not wait upon them for its achievement.

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  • 2), there is only one phoenix at a time, and he, at the close of his long life, builds himself a nest with twigs of cassia and frankincense, on which he dies; from his corpse is generated a worm which grows into the young phoenix.

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  • It was by an experiment of this kind that Quintus Icilius (1853) verified the proportionality of the heat absorbed or generated to the first power of the current.

    0
    0
  • by equating the balance of the heat absorbed by the Peltier effects to the heat generated in the circuit by the Joule effect, (P - P')C=CR=EC, whence E=P - P..

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  • Consider an elementary couple of two metals A and B for which s has the values s and s" respectively, with junctions at the temperature T and T+dT (absolute), at which the coefficients of the Peltier effect are P and P+dP. Equating the quantity of heat absorbed to the quantity of electrical energy generated, we have by the first law of thermodynamics the relation dE/dT =dP/dT+(s' - s").

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  • He also devised a method of great value in the quantitative analysis of organic substances for the estimation of nitrogen, while the classification, of organic compounds into homologous series was advanced as one consequence of his researches into the acids generated by the oxidation of the alcohols.

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    0
  • The vapours thus generated are drawn into the pump, compressed, and discharged into the condenser at the temperature T2, which is somewhat above that of the cooling water.

    0
    0
  • Experience, as given, contingent material, had a certain uniformity, and recurring uniformities generated in us the habit of regarding things as necessarily connected.

    0
    0
  • Our office received thousands of Internet generated reports from around the world, listing a myriad of up to date economic data.

    0
    0
  • After a century, electricity was still being generated.

    0
    0
  • The facility was funded in part by the city's recreation department, whose funds were, for the most part, generated from the highly profitable hot spring pool that operated year around at the edge of town.

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  • These files are generated into several subdirectories, according to LEIF's standard project directory hierarchy.

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  • Resentment is generated by the abreaction of guilt, and bitterness by the abreaction of pride.

    0
    0
  • activated by resistive heat generated in a conductive slag.

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    0
  • activated by resistive heat generated in a conductive slag.

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    0
  • Players and generated two years since all-suite hotel amp.

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    0
  • analyse testing - time series of weather are generated and their statistics analyzed and compared with the observed data on which they were based.

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  • COMING SOON... THE POLAR EXPRESS, a major computer generated animation of this classic picture book, starring Tom Hanks.

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    0
  • The format of pdb files generated by antechamber using the flag " -o pdb " is correct.

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  • Step 3. Finally some form of noble aspiration, or even idealism, is generated.

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    0
  • A representative mouse model for the spinocerebellar ataxia has previously been generated under an approved project license.

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    0
  • MapMate then compiles the Atlas and asks you to wait while the Atlas is being generated.

    0
    0
  • autism spectrum disorders have generated much response.

    0
    0
  • autoantibody analyzes revealed that the mice generated specific autoantibodies that were also similar to those found in lupus patients.

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  • The usual concept of risk aversion generated through utility curvature seems inappropriate for modeling loss aversion.

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    0
  • Note that the common lines are spaced evenly around the three fold axis which generated them.

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  • baryon asymmetry can be generated.

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  • beverage industry generated the largest quantity of waste in the sector, 140,000 tons.

    0
    0
  • biofeedback system allows the patient to exercise their pelvic floor correctly and progress sheets can be generated to help motivate patients.

    0
    0
  • The samples showcased in this book were generated by groups of enthusiastic braiders interested in Kumihimo - the ancient art of Japanese braiding.

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    0
  • brainstorming ' sessions followed by grouping, prioritizing and researching the ideas generated.

    0
    0
  • The special effects are awesome, although the computer generated effects on the burly brawl where more noticeable than I thought they would be.

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    0
  • The TOPS Atlas The atlas of topology cartoons was generated from the version of the PDB current on 1st July 1997.

    0
    0
  • We have generated ensembles of Cα and sidechain centroid models conformations with RAPPER, for each target in the above list.

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  • The high temperatures generated fuse the ore particles and fluxes together to form a porous clinker called sinter.

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    0
  • Gambling a crime a record-setting clip generated will be donated.

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    0
  • coalesceon of coalescing agent to the emulsion, containing ammonium lauryl sulfate, generated a secondary colloidal population of lower electrophoretic mobility.

    0
    0
  • codes generated are handled by private and public keys which will have already been deployed down to the clients.

    0
    0
  • The control signal thus generated will occur coincident with its associated status signal and may not be active for the entire state.

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  • collegial atmosphere generated among colleagues involved in inter-disciplinary research.

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    0
  • In-line or linked examples can be created and the Visual Basic example code is automatically colorized in the generated output.

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    0
  • The sub-class convertors are now generated in the main module code instead of in the class file.

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    0
  • The magnetic field of the Earth is generated in its molten iron core.

    0
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  • In the asymmetric cryptography each person has two keys generated with special software at the same time.

    0
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  • An increasing amount of human activity is now taking place within the computer generated space that we have come to call cyberspace.

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  • thus deduce the direction of the vorticity vector which may be generated.

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  • demanding, fast-paced workload generated by a diverse range of clients.

    0
    0
  • A computer generated image of the proposed development appeared in the Edinburgh Evening News on August 16, 2006.

    0
    0
  • The Center's digital image archive comprises some two hundred images of cleaned diatoms, generated by the site's authors.

    0
    0
  • Your patch file should be generated using either ' diff -c ' or ' diff -c ' or ' diff -u ' against the latest CVS tree.

    0
    0
  • Your patch file should be generated using either ' diff -c ' or ' diff -u ' against the latest CVS tree.

    0
    0
  • digital camerang archive of JPEG images and short MPEG video clips is generated by digital still cameras.

    0
    0
  • dischargescheme, electrical heat is generated by discharging a large capacitor.

    0
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  • An automatic confidentiality disclaimer generated by your IT system cannot be regarded as a formal request for confidentiality.

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    0
  • disunity generated by these transformations are particularly tangible in communities which experience national borders on their doorstep.

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    0
  • drive-by test is nearer to 80dB, and every additional 3dB represents a doubling in the amount of noise generated.

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    0
  • Powerful reports are generated by CPS on request removing the drudge of both marking and collating tests.

    0
    0
  • Understand that electricity is generated by rotating an electromagnet within coils of wire.

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  • emanateis generated when the rays emanating from the sun are refracted and warm the air through friction.

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  • Over the course of two thousand years it has generated a story which now enraptures millions of visitors every year.

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    0
  • The new group, consisting of around 500 patients, has generated much enthusiasm.

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    0
  • excitement generated in the shared reading sessions.

    0
    0
  • A long-standing sequence of disastrous famines in India led to one of the first investigations of just how the monsoon was generated.

    0
    0
  • Fluorine for the manufacturing process was generated on-site by electrolysis of a molten metallic fluoride (perhaps potassium fluoride KF?

    0
    0
  • fluorine for the manufacturing process was generated on-site by electrolysis of a molten metallic fluoride (perhaps potassium fluoride KF?

    0
    0
  • fluorochrome intensity is generated from a minimum of five metaphase spreads.

    0
    0
  • flux emitted by the scene can be detected by monitoring the voltage generated by the thermocouple.

    0
    0
  • Globalstar's satellite footprints at a moment in time, generated by SaVi The footprints move over the earth.

    0
    0
  • free radicals generated during the inflammatory response, sepsis or stress.

    0
    0
  • Vitamin C also has antioxidant properties, defending against damaging free radicals generated during the inflammatory response, sepsis or stress.

    0
    0
  • fucus plants and creepers were growing in stiff perpendicular lines, governed by the density of the element that generated them.

    0
    0
  • fulcrum newswatch for various articles posted today on the crisis generated by the publications of the cartoons.

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    0
  • Arc furnace A steel melting furnace in which heat is generated by an arc between graphite electrodes and the metal.

    0
    0
  • It is not required that D is itself a group, only that the group generated by generated by gens must be a subset of D.

    0
    0
  • In the third form, Monoid returns the monoid generated by the elements in the homogeneous list gens, with identity id.

    0
    0
  • generated by renewables such as the wind by the end of the decade.

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    0
  • generated by the computer 's MUD program.

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    0
  • generated 50kW of electricity during its lifetime.

    0
    0
  • generated randomly.

    0
    0
  • generated internally.

    0
    0
  • These groups will focus directly on rural development and in particular encourage new innovative measures to develop locally generated potential.

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    0
  • generated artificially by implants are often described as having a relatively high pitch.

    0
    0
  • generated when many thought all was lost.

    0
    0
  • generated from renewable sources by 2010.

    0
    0
  • generated by renewables such as the wind by the end of the decade.

    0
    0
  • generated by the computer 's MUD program.

    0
    0
  • generated by the program.

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    0
  • Power is generated by the spring driving a generator through an internal gear train.

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    0
  • Another way the Evans generated cash was by making ginger beer, which they sold to people walking up Pen Dinas in the summer.

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    0
  • The heat which is generated is used to heat the glasshouses, rather than being wasted through cooling towers.

    0
    0
  • goodwill generated may well be the basis of further collaboration.

    0
    0
  • She is painted in a specially developed white paint to accommodate these changes and to dissipate the heat generated by supersonic flight.

    0
    0
  • histogram generated by GSTAT.

    0
    0
  • Cost of offsetting it: £ 29.10 which contributes toward building a small-scale hydro, where energy is generated by water, in Bulgaria.

    0
    0
  • Misinformation has generated much hype in the media about the promises of gene therapy.

    0
    0
  • hysteria generated by many tabloid newspapers over the latest incident.

    0
    0
  • A secondary source of unpleasantness is generated eventually by the person's idealism.

    0
    0
  • It's a $ 150 million self indulgent ode to the era of computer generated imagery (CGI ).

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    0
  • impedance mismatch a reflection is generated.

    0
    0
  • inaudible waves generated by everyday electromagnetic signals can be heard.

    0
    0
  • Yet the songs and sounds generated by Hendrix were original, otherworldly and virtually indescribable.

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    0
  • indomitable influence of positivity and harmony in society generated by the group practice of Yogic Flying is known as the Maharishi Effect.

    0
    0
  • inexpressible emotion he generated.

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    0
  • Abstract The field of biologically inspired computing has generated many novel, interesting and useful computational systems.

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    0
  • interpolatetion spectrum can then be generated by interpolating between the points of the calibration spectrum.

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    0
  • intraspecific relationships are generated and have tested eight hypotheses to explain interspecific relationships.

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    0
  • The concept of the world is generated by direct inversion of the characteristics of ordinary experience.

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    0
  • lag diagram of Moran's I was generated for each surface.

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    0
  • Description: The curved lines (generated by a computer program written by me) represent the magnetic field from an induction loop antenna.

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    0
  • magnesite deposits were found to fall into two groups, comprising carbonate generated on two mixing lines.

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  • magnetic field of the earth is generated in its molten iron core.

    0
    0
  • magnetic field generated with a sheet-like structure.

    0
    0
  • As a general rule any income not generated directly by the hereditament must be disregarded for the purposes of valuation of the livestock mart.

    0
    0
  • A deviant mutated standard meme generated from within the territory is easily suppressed due to the already open-minded nature of the grazer.

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    0
  • A range of exclusive athletics merchandise for retail will also be generated by Hi-Tec for scottishathletics and jogscotland.

    0
    0
  • mesoderm forms in the equatorial region of the embryo, a result of signals generated by neighboring endodermal cells (1 ).

    0
    0
  • methane generated; EPA guidance.

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    0
  • minimizevides a low-impedance supply, thereby minimizing the noise generated by the switching outputs of the device.

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    0
  • Whilst I still get into double figures for clicks, the money generated per click is just miniscule.

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  • It is a bitmask which returns the current state of several keyboard modifier keys at the time the event was generated.

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  • Two 3D generated portraits, created using 3D scanning techniques, presented on flat screen monitors anchored to the wall.

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    0
  • A polymer is generated by joining many monomers together.

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  • The mutants were generated by random transposon mutagenesis with the Tn pho A transposon.

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    0
  • nerve impulses generated by the hairs indicate to the brain the direction of apparent head movement.

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    0
  • nitric oxide generated within the lumen will exert nitrosative stress on the adjacent epithelium.

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    0
  • nutation matrix can be generated in a single call by using sla_NUT.

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  • od pairs can be generated through an analysis of the routes output by the detailed assignment model.

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    0
  • od pairs can be generated through an analysis of the routes output by the detailed assignment model.

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    0
  • As the particle passes through the beam, a secondary " pulse " signal is generated by a single optical fiber.

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    0
  • The plan may be somewhat jagged because the waypoints are not necessarily optimal because they are randomly generated.

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  • outpouring of sympathy generated in the wake of the Boxing Day tsunami of 2004 would discredit this argument.

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    0
  • outputs generated by this command are stored in a cyclic buffer of length N (the default size is 50 ).

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    0
  • Overture digger allows for deep scanning of overture digger allows for deep scanning of Overture based on domains generated from Overture keyword results.

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  • Columns can be generated in conjunction with automatic pagination.

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  • Even the many spectacular pictures generated from datasets available on the Web present an essentially passive view of what is happening.

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  • pass-through taxation allows the income or loss generated by the business to be reflected on the personal income tax return of the owners.

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    0
  • These responses have been generated with a full set of industry drivers and have been published through internationally peer-reviewed journals and conferences.

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    0
  • The triply periodic structure is generated by reflections in the faces of the rhombic dodecahedron.

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    0
  • In the case it was apparent that the use of acetone had generated an unstable peroxide.

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  • perspiration vapor generated by the heat of your foot inside the point shoe.

    0
    0
  • Interactive Flash Tutorial Photomultiplier Tubes Discover how photomultipliers work by amplifying the electrons generated by a photocathode exposed to a photon flux.

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    0
  • piping isometric drawings produced daily around the world are generated using Alias technology.

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    0
  • point-of-sale advertising or promotions generated by a drinks retailer (e.g.

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    0
  • Therefore, such evidence is generated with the specific intention of influencing policy, but is that objective achieved?

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  • porphyrin dimer generated by dynamic disulfide chemistry.

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  • possibilityoint of change the direction of the image is arbitrary, unplanned, evolving among the infinite possibilities generated by the process.

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  • The contemporary esthetic of industrial buildings is generated out of pure pragmatism.

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    0
  • preferred the simplicity with which rules could be generated.

    0
    0
  • pronunciation variants were generated by applying a set of five optional phonological rules to the words in the baseline lexicon.

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    0
  • Such events have included balls, slave auctions, drinks parties, three-legged pub-crawls which have all generated valuable revenue.

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    0
  • A vertical sync pulse is generated near the end of every frame.

    0
    0
  • The radicals themselves are generated using a flash pyrolysis method, an effective technique to generate high radical yields.

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    0
  • Two optional boolean qualifiers determine whether the object and listing files are to be generated.

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    0
  • radicals generated during the inflammatory response, sepsis or stress.

    0
    0
  • highly radioactive fallout would be generated even by a small nuclear weapon detonated just below the Earth's surface.

    0
    0
  • Press the button for your numbers Numbers generated are completely random.

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  • net interest receivable Net interest receivable Net interest receivable comprises mainly the interest income generated from cash invested in short-term deposits.

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    0
  • These teachers generated a climate for learning based on unconditional positive regard.

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    0
  • retrospective conversion of data generated on the older version of the database may also have occurred.

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    0
  • Riding high on the acclaim generated by previous outings, Rare plowed straight into 1998 with 3D adventure romp Banjo-Kazooie.

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    0
  • sale generated from your site.

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  • savings generated from closing schools will be reinvested in school budgets.

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    0
  • sawmill industry where the fuel is generated.

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    0
  • Back cover Go to article Tissue engineering involves culturing, growing and assembling cells and newly generated matrix in polymeric scaffolds.

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  • The play also suggests various special effects that pose interesting challenges to IeVr's investigation into computer generated scenography.

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    0
  • segregatehenotypic variations have been shown to relate to the specific mutation generated, to environmental influences and to independently segregating modifier genes.

    0
    0
  • The solvable socle of a group grp is the subgroup generated by all minimal normal solvable subgroups of grp.

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    0
  • It employs a continuously generated wave of molten solder to form the joints.

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    0
  • Yet an enclosed institution could well have generated a measure of communal solidarity among its inmates, to help counter the worst excesses.

    0
    0
  • Health visitors advise on ASD Our recent pieces on autism spectrum disorders have generated much response.

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    0
  • The solvable socle of a group grp is the subgroup generated by all minimal normal solvable subgroups of grp.

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  • The video image of the boss was then superimposed into the computer generated office.

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  • pass-through taxation allows the income or loss generated by the business to be reflected on the personal income tax return of the owners.

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    0
  • cad technicians use computer generated drawings to prepare the information needed for a construction job.

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    0
  • Someone has already emailed to say thanks for the ideas we generated during that session.

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    0
  • therapeutics market generated more that $ 1 billion USD in revenues in 2000.

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    0
  • theta rhythm is generated are also becoming better understood.

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  • There will be a bar to slake the thirst generated by all the activity.

    0
    0
  • topology cartoons was generated from the version of the PDB current on 1st July 1997.

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    0
  • First, protein transmembrane profiles (propensities) are generated by support vector machines.

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    0
  • Now a densely triangulated mean shape may be generated.

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    0
  • The site contains information about the Alaskan earthquake of 1964 which generated a destructive tsunami in Alaska.

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    0
  • In the year 2003, SPAR generated a turnover of approximately ⬠6.8 billion for the group with 33, 345 employees.

    0
    0
  • two-sided ideal of S generated by gens.

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    0
  • vaccinated with the vaccine generated a strong antibody response against M2.

    0
    0
  • First, within-word pronunciation variants were generated by applying a set of five optional phonological rules to the words in the baseline lexicon.

    0
    0
  • All of this income is generated through fundraising ventures such as the Asics Reading Half Marathon.

    0
    0
  • If it returns fail the new vertex or edge is not generated!

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    0
  • vortical flow generated by a propeller.

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    0
  • wastewater generated by the 250,000 people in the area.

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    0
  • whirlwind of emotions generated by the Olympic Games sucks me up.

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    0
  • I was fascinated by the fact that it generated white noise, which you could modulate using some crazy knobs.

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    0
  • The economy could not meet the rising expectations generated by the expansion in education for the predominantly youthful Albanian population.

    0
    0
  • (3) On Conoids and Spheroids (Peri konoeideon kai sphairoeideon) is a treatise in thirty-two propositions, on the solids generated by the revolution of the conic sections about their axes, the main results being the comparisons of the volume of any segment cut off by a plane with that of a cone having the same base and axis (Props.

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  • If the flue pipe be carried up a considerable distance inside the apartment to be warmed before being turned into the external air, practically the whole of the heat generated will be utilized.

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    0
  • in., a portion of the steam generated in the boilers may be utilized for heating by the aid of a reducing valve.

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    0
  • 15; it will be seen that each of the upper sections has a number of cross waterways which form a series of gratings over the fire-box and intercept most of the heat generated, effecting great economy of fuel.

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  • Electric power generated by steam is now commonly used in Buenos Aires and other large cities for driving light machinery.

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    0
  • He rejects the attempt to explain human personality as " generated by the material molecular aggregate of its own unaided latent power," and affirms that the " universe where the human spirit is more at home than it is among these temporary collocations of matter" is " a universe capable of infinite development, of noble contemplation, and of lofty joy, long after this planet - nay the whole solar system - shall have fulfilled its present spire of destiny, and retired cold and lifeless upon its endless way " (pp. 199-200).

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    0
  • With this " free " wave is combined a " forced " wave, generated, by the direct action of the sun and moon, within the Atlantic area itself.

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    0
  • For example, does the heat generated by friction vary as the friction and the time during which it acts, or is it proportional to the friction and the distance through which the rubbing bodies are displaced - that is, to the work done against friction - or does it involve any other conditions?

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    0
  • In 1840 he showed that when an electric current was produced by means of a dynamo-magneto-electric machine the heat generated in the conductor, when no external work was done by the current, was the same as if the energy employed in producing the current had been converted into heat by friction, thus showing that electric currents conform to the principle of the conservation of energy, since energy can neither be created nor destroyed by them.

    0
    0
  • Extending his investigations to the currents produced by batteries, he found that the total voltaic heat generated in any circuit was proportional to the number of electrochemical equivalents electrolysed in each cell multiplied by the electromotive force of the battery.

    0
    0
  • But, unlike Mayer and Seguin, Joule was not content with assuming that when air is compressed or allowed to expand the heat generated or absorbed is the equivalent of the work done and of that only, no change being made in the internal energy of the air itself when the temperature is kept constant.

    0
    0
  • On opening the stop-cock no work was done by the expanding air against external forces, since it expanded into a vacuum, and it was found that no heat was generated or absorbed.

    0
    0
  • If a battery of electromotive force E maintain a current C in a conductor, and no other electromotive force exist in the circuit, the whole of the work done will be converted into heat, and the amount of work done per second will be EC. If R denote the resistance of the whole circuit, E = CR, and the heat generated per second is C 2 R.

    0
    0
  • Then the work done by the battery per second will be EC' or CC'R, while the heat generated per second will be C' 2 R, so that we have the difference (C - C')C'R for the energy consumed in driving the engine.

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    0
  • The reason why the whole of the energy of the current is not available is that heat must always be generated in a wire in which a finite current is flowing, so that, in the case of a battery in which the whole of the energy of chemical affinity is employed in producing a current, the availability of the energy is limited only on account of the resistance of the conductors, and may be increased by diminishing this resistance.

    0
    0
  • In ordinary cases conduction and convection suffice to dissipate the heat generated by the brake, but when a great deal of lowering has to be rapidly performed, or heavy loads have to be lowered to a great depth, special arrangements have to be provided.

    0
    0
  • In this apparatus electric A B C currents are generated by turning a handle (placed in front of the instrument), which is geared, in the instru ment.

    0
    0
  • As the earth is used for completing the electric circuit, the signals received on such sensitive instruments as these are liable to be disturbed by the return currents of other systems in their immediate neighbourhood, which also use the earth as return, when such are of the magnitude generated by the working of electric tramways FIG.

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    0
  • Hence, when the coil at one fixed station was in action it generated high frequency alternating currents, which were propagated across the air gap between the ordinary telegraph wires and the metallic surfaces attached to one secondary terminal of the induction coil, and conveyed along the ordinary telegraph wires between station and moving train.

    0
    0
  • The early Ionian physicists, including Thales, Anaximander and Anaximenes, seek to explain the world as generated out of a primordial matter (Gr.

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  • Once more, the notion that this indeterminate body contains potentially in itself the fundamental contraries - hot, cold, &c. - by the excretion or evolution of which definite substances were generated, is clearly a forecasting of that antithesis of potentiality and actuality which from Aristotle downwards has been made the basis of so many theories of development.

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  • Harvey proceeds to contrast this view with that of the " Medici," or followers of Hippocrates and Galen, who, " badly philosophizing," imagined that the brain, the heart, and the liver were simultaneously first generated in the form of vesicles; and, at the same time, while expressing his agreement with Aristotle in the principle of epigenesis, he maintains that it is the blood which is the primal generative part, and not, as Aristotle thought, the heart.

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  • The second method is analogous to the calcarone method of liquation: the ore is placed in a limekiln-like furnace over a mass of kindled fuel to start a partial combustion of the mineral, and the process is so regulated that, by the heat generated, the unburnt part is decomposed with elimination of sulphur, which collects in the molten state on an inverted roof-shaped sole below the furnace and is thence conducted into a cistern.

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  • The current required for it is generated by dynamos driven from the axles of the coaches.

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  • The reaction as before is completely expressed by the chemical equation Zn+H2S04 =ZnSO 4 H+ 2, the initial and final systems being exactly the same as in the first case; yet the amount of heat generated by the action is much smaller, a quantity of the intrinsic energy having been converted into electrical energy.

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  • Combustion calorimeters are employed for observing the heat generated by the brisk interaction of substances, one of which at least is gaseous.

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  • In the newer type (which was first proposed by Andrews for the combustion of gases) the chemical action takes place in a completely closed combustion chamber of sufficient strength to resist the pressure generated by the sudden action, which is often of explosive violence.

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  • Some of these pass into their elements with explosive violence, owing to the heat generated by their decomposition and the gaseous nature of the products.

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  • Thus the heat generated by the combustion of acetylene, C 2 H 2, is 316000 cal., whereas the heat of combustion of the carbon and hydrogen composing it is only 256900 cal., the difference being equal to the negative heat of formation of the acetylene.

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  • or are they not generated from the organic, but the non-organized constituents of the fermentable liquid?

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  • In other words, are these organisms not spontaneously generated?

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  • It is also possible to find in them many anticipations of the views of the economists of later times; but such statements were as a rule generated merely by the heat of controversy on some measure or event of practical importance, and when the controversy died down were seldom regarded or incorporated in a scientific system.

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  • within the city limits, is dammed a short distance south of the city, and 16,000 horse-power is generated, part of which is transmitted to the city.

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  • The steam operates by carrying the vapours away to the condenser as fast as they are generated, the injury to the products resulting from their remaining in contact with the highly-heated surface of the still being thus prevented.

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  • In their simplest form they consist of a wire through which passes the current to be measured, some arrangement being provided for measuring the small expansion produced by the heat generated in the wire.

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  • The electrolysis is generally conducted with platinum electrodes, of which the cathode takes the form of a piece of foil bent into a cylindrical form, the necessary current being generated by one or more Daniell cells.

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  • As the news of the destruction of the 'Grande Armee spread, and the appearance of countless stragglers convinced the Prussian people of the reality of the disaster, the spirit generated by years of French domination burst out.

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  • Treatment with a warm alkaline solution is afterwards advisable, in order to remove traces of hydrochloric acid generated during the process.

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  • A wire carrying an electric current is surrounded by a magnetic field, and if the wire is bent into the form of an elongated coil or spiral, a field having certain very useful qualities is generated in the interior.

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  • But when exceptionally strong fields are desired, the use of a coil is limited by the heating effect of the magnetizing current, the quantity of heat generated per unit of time in a coil of given dimensions increasing as the square of the magnetic field produced in its interior.

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  • When the secondary disturbance thus obtained is integrated with respect to dS over the entire plane of the lamina, the result is necessarily the same as would have been obtained had the primary wave been supposed to pass on without resolution, for this is precisely the motion generated when every element of the lamina vibrates with a common motion, equal to that attributed to dS.

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  • It is proper to point out here how intimately a pathology thus regenerated modified current conceptions of disease, in the linking of disease to oscillations of health, and the regarding many diseases as modifications of the normal set up by the impingement of external causes; not a few of which indeed may be generated within the body itself - "autogenetic poisoning."

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  • Even in normal circumstances their play and counterplay, attractive and repellent, must be manifold almost beyond conception; for the body may be regarded as a collective organization consisting of a huge colony of micro-organisms become capable of a common life by common and mutual arrangement and differentiation of function, and by toleration and utilization of each other's peculiar products; some organs, such as the liver, for example, being credited with a special power of neutralizing poisons, whether generated under normal conditions or under abnormal, .which gain entrance from the intestinal tract.

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  • The typical mine fan consists of a shaft upon which are mounted a number of vanes enclosed in a casing; the air entering a central side inlet is caught up by the revolving vanes and thrown out at the periphery by the centrifugal force thus generated.

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  • It is named the antifriction curve, since a pivot and step having the form of the surface generated by revolving the curve about its vertical axis wear away equally (see MECHANICS: Applied).

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  • He then supposed this cylindrical column of water to be divided into two parts, - the first, which he called the " cataract," being an hyperboloid generated by the revolution of an hyperbola of the fifth degree around the axis of the cylinder which should pass through the orifice, and the second the remainder of the water in the cylindrical vessel.

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  • As the molten metal is run in, the upward thrust on the outside mould, when the level has reached PP', is the weight of metal in the volume generated by the revolution of APQ; and this, by a theorem of Archimedes, has the same volume as the cone ORR', or rya, where y is the depth of metal, the horizontal sections being equal so long as y is less than the radius of the outside FIG.

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  • Motion symmetrical about an Axis.-When the motion of a liquid is the same for any plane passing through Ox, and lies in the plane, a function ' can be found analogous to that employed in plane motion, such that the flux across the surface generated by the revolution of any curve AP from A to P is the same, and represented by 2s-4 -11'o); and, as before, if d is the increase in due to a displacement of P to P', then k the component of velocity normal to the surface swept out by PP' is such that 274=2.7ryk.PP'; and taking PP' parallel to Oy and Ox, u= -d/ydy, v=dl,t'/ydx, (I) and 1P is called after the inventor, " Stokes's stream or current function," as it is constant along a stream line (Trans.

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  • 35 A circular vortex, such as a smoke ring, will set up motion symmetrical about an axis, and provide an illustration; a half vortex ring can be generated in water by drawing a semicircular blade a short distance forward, the tip of a spoon for instance.

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  • The vortex advances with a certain velocity; and if an equal circular vortex is generated coaxially with the first, the mutual influence can be observed.

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  • (2) If the actual motion at any instant is supposed to be generated instantaneously from rest by the application of pressure impulse over the surface, or suddenly reduced to rest again, then, since no natural forces can act impulsively throughout the liquid, the pressure impulse W satisfies the equations I do = I d i dos - ax -u, - - y = -v, Pdz = -t, a =p4)-}-a constant, (4) and the constant may be ignored; and Green's transformation of the energy T amounts to the theorem that the work done by an impulse is the product of the impulse and average velocity, or half the velocity from rest.

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  • the moment of inertia of the body about the axis, denoted by But if is the moment of inertia of the body about a mean diameter, and w the angular velocity about it generated by an impluse couple M, and M' is the couple required to set the surrounding medium in motion, supposed of effective radius of gyration k', If the shot is spinning about its axis with angular velocity p, and is precessing steadily at a rate about a line parallel to the resultant momentum F at an angle 0, the velocity of the vector of angular momentum, as in the case of a top, is C i pµ sin 0- C2µ 2 sin 0 cos 0; (4) and equating this to the impressed couple (multiplied by g), that is, to gN = (c 1 -c 2)c2u 2 tan 0, (5) and dividing out sin 0, which equated to zero would imply perfect centring, we obtain C21 2 cos 0- (c 2 -c 1)c2u 2 sec 0 =o.

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  • Florence and other cities were forced to supply troops to the emperor for his Lombard campaigns, and he began to establish a centralized imperial bureaucracy in Tuscany, appointing a potestas, who resided at San Miniato (whence the name of "San Miniato al Tedesco"), to represent him and exercise authority in the contado; this double authority of the consoli in the town and the potestas or podestd outside generated confusion.

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  • Pappus, in his Collections, treats of its history, and gives two methods by which it can be generated.

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  • 13,336 of 1894) a rapidly rotating cathode is used in a chloride solution, a porous partition separating the tank into anode and cathode compartments, and the chlorine generated by electrolysis at the anode being recovered.

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  • In Borchers' process the chloride is heated partly by external firing, partly by the heat generated owing to the use of a currentdensity of 90 to loo amperes per sq.

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  • - Independently of the question of the application of external heating, the furnaces used in electrometallurgy may be broadly classified into (i.) arc furnaces, in which the intense heat of the electric arc is utilized, and (ii.) resistance and incandescence furnaces, in which the heat is generated by an electric current overcoming the resistance of an inferior conductor.

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  • The electric furnace has several advantages as compared with some of the ordinary types of furnace, arising from the fact that the heat is generated from within the mass of material operated upon, and (unlike the blastfurnace, which presents the same advantage) without a large volume of gaseous products of combustion and atmospheric nitrogen being passed through it.

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  • - In this process a current of steam, which is generated in a separate boiler and superheated, if necessary, by circulation through a heated copper worm, is led into the distilling vessel, and the mixed vapours condensed as in the ordinary processes.

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  • In ancient times meteors were supposed to be generated in the air by inflammable gases.

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  • In thus rapidly penetrating the air heat is generated, the meteor becomes incandescent, and the phenomena of the streak or train is produced.

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  • The motivepower generated by the Camuzzoni canal is utilized by a large nail factory, flour mills, paper mills, cotton mills and works for the distribution of electric energy.

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  • The first volume, Vegetable Staticks (1727), contains an account of numerous experiments in plant-physiology - the loss of water in plants by evaporation, the rate of growth of shoots and leaves, variations in root-force at different times of the day, &c. Considering it very probable that plants draw "through their leaves some part of their nourishment from the air," he undertook experiments to show in "how great a proportion air is wrought into the composition of animal, vegetable and mineral substances"; though this "analysis of the air" did not lead him to any very clear ideas about the composition of the atmosphere, in the course of his inquiries he collected gases over water in vessels separate from those in which they were generated, and thus used what was to all intents and purposes a "pneumatic trough."

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  • In the same year another patent was granted to C. Watt for a similar process, involving the employment of an externally generated current.

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  • Having proceeded so far, I considered that the terms (1 -xx) I, (I- (1 -xx) I, (i -xx)l, &c., that is I, I -x 2, I -2x 2 +x 4, I -3x 2 -} 3x 4 -x 6, &c., might be interpolated in the same manner as the areas generated by them, and for this, nothing more was required than to omit the denominators I, 3, 5, 7, &c., in the terms expressing the areas; that is, the coefficients of the terms of the quantity to be interpolated (1-xx) 4 or (1 - xx) 3/2, or generally (I -xx)"n will m m-n e.g.

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  • There have also been introduced processes in which the chlorine is generated in the chloridizing vat, the reagents used being dilute solutions of bleaching powder and an acid.

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  • Chlorine is generated within the barrel from sulphuric acid and chloride of lime.

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  • Sulphur dioxide, generated by burning sulphur, is forced into the solution under pressure, where it interacts with any free chlorine present to form hydrochloric and sulphuric acids.

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  • In some cases steam generated in boilers at the surface is carried in pipes to the engines below, but there is less loss of power when compressed air is sent down in the same way.

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  • The purity of the carbide entirely depends on the purity of the material used in its manufacture, and before this fact had been fully grasped by manufacturers, and only the purest material obtainable employed, it contained notable quantities of compounds which during its decomposition by water yielded a somewhat high pro portion of impurities in the acetylene generated from it.

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  • It is a particular form of the limagon (q.v.) and is generated in the same way.

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  • Buonanni, a learned Jesuit of Rome) that they are not generated out of the mud or sand found on the seashore or the beds of rivers at low water, but from spawn, by the regular course of generation; and he maintained the same to be true of the fresh-water mussel (Unio), whose ova he examined so carefully that he saw in them the rotation of the embryo, a phenomenon supposed to have been first discovered long afterwards.

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  • formulae, not involving the conception of an angle as generated by rotation, belong to this stage; the additional geometrical idea involved being that of the proportionality of the sides of similar triangles.

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  • The third stage is analytical mensuration, the essential feature of which is that account is taken of the manner in which a figure is generated.

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  • The rectangle, for instance, has so far been regarded as a plane figure bounded by one pair of parallel straight lines and another pair at right angles to them, so that the conception of " rectangularity " has had reference to boundary rather than to content; analytically, the rectangle must be regarded as the figure generated by an ordinate of constant length moving parallel to itself with one extremity on a straight line perpendicular to it.

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  • To regard a figure as being generated in a particular way is essentially the same as to regard it as being.

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  • A plane figure bounded by a continuous curve, or a solid figure bounded by a continuous surface, may generally be most conveniently regarded as generated by a straight line, or a plane area, moving in a fixed direction at right angles to itself, and changing as it moves.

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  • The treatment of an angle as generated by rotation, the investigation of the relations between trigonometrical ratios and circular measure, the application of interpolation to trigonometrical tables, and the general use of graphical methods to represent continuous variation, all imply an analytical onlook, and must therefore be deferred to this stage.

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  • The ordinary definition of a circle is equivalent to definition as the figure generated by the rotation of a radius of constant length in a plane, and is thus essentially analytical.

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  • This implies the treatment of a plane or solid figure as being wholly comprised between two parallel lines or planes, regarded by convention as being vertical; the figure being generated by an ordinate or section moving at right angles to itself through a distance which is called the breadth of the figure.

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  • - The solid or surface generated by the revolution of a plane closed figure or a plane continuous line about a straight line in its plane, not intersecting it, is a solid of revolution or surface of revolution, the straight line being its axis.

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  • These two theorems may be stated as follows: (i) If any plane figure revolves about an external axis in its plane, the volume of the solid generated by the revolution is equal to the product of the area of the figure and the distance travelled by the centroid of the figure.

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  • (ii) If any line in a plane revolves about an external axis in the plane, the area of the curved surface generated by the revolution is equal to the product of the length of the line and the distance travelled by the centroid of the line.

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  • A trapezette may therefore be defined as a plane figure bounded by two straight lines, a base at right angles to them, and a top which may be of any shape but is such that every ordinate from the base cuts it in one point and one point only; or, alternatively, it may be defined as the figure generated by an ordinate which moves in a plane so that its foot is always on a straight base to which the ordinate is at right angles, the length of the ordinate varying in any manner as it moves.

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  • It may be regarded as generated either by a trapezette moving in a direction at right angles to itself and changing its top but keeping its breadth unaltered, or by an ordinate moving so that its foot has every possible position within a rectangular base.

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  • Similarly, analytical plane geometry deals with the curve described by a point moving in a particular way, while analytical plane mensuration deals with the figure generated by an ordinate moving so that its length varies in a particular manner depending on its position.

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  • The solid may then be regarded as generated by the cross-section moving parallel to itself and changing its shape, or its position with regard.

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  • above Glens Falls, on the Hudson, a massive stone dam has been erected; here electric power, distributed to a large area, is generated.

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  • The street railway and the lighting system of the city are run by power generated at a plant and 40 ft.

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  • The intense heat generated tends to liberate many impurities which are carried away in the slag.

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  • It is generated by the extremities of a rod which is constrained to move so that its middle point traces out a circle, the rod always passing through a fixed point on the circumference.

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  • The city is lighted by electricity generated by the water power of Niagara Falls, and by manufactured gas.

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  • Passing from Moleschott to Lyell's view of the evolution of the earth's crust and later to Darwin's theory of natural selection and environment, he reached the general inference that, not God but evolution of matter, is the cause of the order of the world; that life is a combination of matter which in favourable circumstances is spontaneously generated; that there is no vital principle, because all forces, non-vital and vital, are movements; that movement and evolution proceed from life to consciousness; that it is foolish for man to believe that the earth was made for him, in the face of the difficulties he encounters in inhabiting it; that there is no God, no final cause, no immortality, no freedom, no substance of the soul; and that mind, like light or heat, electricity or magnetism, or any other physical fact, is a movement of matter.

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  • (3) When the sensorium is strongly excited nerve-force is generated in excess, and is transmitted in definite directions, depending on the connexions of nerve-cells and on habit.

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  • holes or " tuyeres " near the bottom or " hearth," and through the melting away, by the heat thus generated, both of the iron itself which has been deoxidized in its descent, and of the other minerals of the ore, called the " gangue," which unite with the FIG.

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  • This carburizing is an indispensable part of the process, because through it alone can the iron be made fusible enough to melt at the temperature which can be generated in the furnace, and only when liquid can it be separated readily and completely from the slag.

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  • In the Bessemer or " pneumatic" process, which indeed might be called the " fuel-less " process, molten pig iron is converted into steel by having its carbon, silicon and manganese, and often its phosphorus and sulphur, oxidized and thus removed by air forced through it in so many fine streams and hence so rapidly that the heat generated by the oxidation of these impurities suffices in and by itself, unaided by burning any other fuel, not only to keep the iron molten, but even to raise its temperature from a point initially but little above the melting point of cast iron, say 1150 to 1250° C., to one well above the melting point of the resultant steel, say i soo C. The " Bessemer converter " or " vessel " (fig.

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  • But no part of the Bessemer converter is of a shape easily affected by the heat, no part of it is exposed to the heat on more than one side, and the converter itself is necessarily cooler than the metal within it, because the heat is generated within the metal itself by the combustion of its silicon and other calorific elements.

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  • It is in large part because of this shallowness, which contrasts so strongly with the height and roominess of the Bessemer converter, that the process lasts hours where the Bessemer process lasts minutes, though there is the further difference that in the open-hearth process the transfer of heat from flame to charge through the intervening layer of slag is necessarily slow, whereas in the Bessemer process the heat, generated as it is in and by the metallic bath itself, raises the temperature very rapidly.

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  • The general plan of the open-hearth process was certainly conceived by Josiah Marshall Heath in 1845, if not indeed by Reaumur in 1722, but for lack of a furnace in which a high enough temperature could be generated it could not be carried out until the development of the Siemens regenerative gas furnace about 1860.

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  • Hence in the intermittent system most of the heat generated within the furnace escapes from it with the products of combustion.

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  • in diameter, and has a speed of fifty revolutions per minute, and the power generated is transmitted through bevel-gearing to a horizontal shaft from which the power is taken FIG.

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  • p. 537, " A 12-Mile Transmission of Power Generated by Pelton Wheels "; vol.

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  • A fresh cause of dispute was generated in 1548, when Christian III.'s daughter was wedded to Duke Augustus of Saxony.

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  • The heat generated by the current C at a point x where the temperature-excess is 0 is equal per unit length and time (t) to that lost by conduction -d(gkdo/dx)/dx, and by radiation hpo (emissivity h, perimeter p), together with that employed in raising the temperature gcdo/dt, and absorbed by the Thomson effect sCdo/dx.

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  • Pascal solved the hitherto refractory problem of the general quadrature of the cycloid, and proposed and solved a variety of others relating to the centre of gravity of the curve and its segments, and to the volume and centre of gravity of solids of revolution generated in various ways by means of it.

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  • No wonder if these conquests generated in the minds of the Venetians and the Pisans fresh jealousy against Genoa, and provoked fresh wars; but the struggle between Genoa and Pisa was brought to a disastrous conclusion for the latter state by the battle of Meloria in 1284.

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  • The inference is that the "fatigue substances" generated in the muscle fibres in the course of their prolonged contraction injure and paralyse the motor end plates, which are places of synapsis between nerve cell and muscle cell, even earlier than they harm the contractility of the muscle fibres themselves.

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  • Stretching of the muscles antagonistic to the extensors - namely, of the flexor muscles - reduces the jerk by inhibiting the extensor spinal nerve cells through the nervous impulses generated by the tense flexor muscles.

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  • the tetraspores, and the sexual plant may only be reached after a series of such plants have been successively generated.

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  • Alumina is treated at works near Foyers in the shire of Inverness, where abundant water power enables electricity to be generated cheaply.

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  • The city is the see of a Roman Catholic bishop. Superior has a cheap fuel supply and power is furnished by electricity generated on the St Louis river.

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  • Chlorine, generated in an ordinary or a Weldon still, is passed in and is rapidly absorbed.

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  • The continuous flow method is specially applicable to the important case of calorific value of gaseous fuel, where a large quantity of heat is continuously generated at a nearly uniform rate by combustion.

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  • By Ohm'S Law, And By The Definition Of Difference Of Electric Pressure Or Potential, We Obtain The Following Alternative Expressions For The Quantity Of Heat H In Joules Generated In A Time T Seconds By A Current Of C Amperes Flowing In A Wire Of Resistance R Ohms, The Difference Of Potential Between The Ends Of The Wire Being E = Cr Volts: H=Ect=Crt=E Z T/R.

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  • The Rate Of Stirring Adopted Was So Slow That The Heat Generated By It Could Be Neglected.

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  • It contains in germ a doctrine of categories discovered but not generated in the psychological processes of the individual.

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  • This objection to the air-engine arises from the fact that the heat comes to it from external combustion; it disappears when internal combustion is resorted to; that is to say, when the heat is generated within the envelope containing the working air, by the combustion there of gaseous or other fuel.

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  • Since the impulse of the force in any element of time & has zero moment about 0, the same will be true of the additional momentum generated.

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  • 77 the kinetic energy generated is ~M (ic2H- Cq2)cuf, if C be the instantaneous centre; this is seen to be equal to ~F.

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  • q,,) tobe generated instantaneously from rest by the action of suitable impulsive forces, we find on integrating (II) with respect tot over the infinitely short duration of the impulse ~-=Q.

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  • That for a pair of turning pieces with parallel axes, and for a turning piece and a shifting piece, the line of contact is straight, and parallel to the axes or axis; and hence that the rolling surfaces are either plane or cylindrical (the term cylindrical including all surfaces generated by the motion of a straight line parallel tO itself).

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  • That for a pair of turning pieces with intersecting axes the line of contact is also straight, and traverses the~ point of intersection of the axes; and hence that the rolling surfaces are conical, with a common apex (the term conical including all surfaces generated by the motion of a straight line which traverses a fixed point).

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  • Sliding Cont?,zct (lateral): Skew-Bevel Wheels.An hyperboloid of revolution is a surface resembling a sheaf or a dice box, generated by the rotation of a straight iAn line round an axis from which it is at a constant distance, - c and to which it is inclined at -~- a constant angle.

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  • The directions and positions of the axes being given, and the required angular velocity ratio, the following construction serves to determine the line of contact, by whose rotation round the two axes respectively the hyperboloids are generated: In fig.

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  • Teeth of Bevel- Wheels.The acting surfaces of the teeth of bevel-wheels are of the conical kind, generated by the motion of a line passing through the common apex of the pitch-cones, while its extremity is carried round the outlines of the cross section of the teeth made by a sphere described about that apex.

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  • That condition is / fulfilled by a pair of con- B ?-D tinuous cones generated by - \ the revolution of two straight 2 / lines inclined opposite ways to -, their respective axes at equal angles.

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  • Let r1 be the radius of the large end of each, ri that of the small end, r, that of the middle; and let Ii be the sagitta, measured perpendicular to the axes, of the arc by whose revolution each of the conoids is generated, or, in other words, the bulging of the conoids in the middle of their length.

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  • that one live (germ) which was enclosed in the void was generated by the power of heat (or fervour); desire then first came upon it, which was the first seed of the mind.

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  • It was only crushed by forces generated in the nation that produced it, by the Inquisition and by despotic Catholic absolutism.

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  • So long as the religious motive remained dominant, "blue laws" were a prominent feature of the administration, but by a slow transition the economic motive became the dominant one, and, as a consequence of this transition and of the corporate form of government, European institutions were transformed into American institutions and new political ideas were generated more rapidly in New England than in either the Middle or the Southern colonies.

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  • 1763) showed that quite small differences determined the sign of the electrification that was generated by the friction of two bodies one against the other.

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  • Peltier (1785-1845) in 1814 discovered that a current passed across the junction of two metals either generated or absorbed heat.

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  • The 3rd series (1833) he devoted to discussion of the identity of electricity derived from various sources, frictional, voltaic, animal and thermal, and he proved by rigorous experiments the identity and similarity in properties of the electricity generated by these various methods.

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  • By these electric current was generated and transmitted to towns and factories around, being sent overhead as far as Buffalo, a distance of 18 m.

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  • Such transmissibility is commonly explained by the association of ideas, that becoming sacred which as it were reminds one of the sacred; though it is important to add, firstly, that such association takes place under the influence of a selective interest generated by strong religious feeling, and, secondly, that this interest is primarily a collective product, being governed by a social tradition which causes certain possibilities of ideal combination alone to be realized, whilst it is the chief guarantee of the objectivity of what they suggest.

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  • The heat generated by the oxidation of iron and sulphur has always been used to maintain combustion in the kilns or stalls for roasting pyrites.

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  • Sulphuric acid may be applied as such on the ores placed in lead, brick, or stone chambers; or as a mixture of sulphur dioxide, nitrous fumes (generated from Chile saltpetre and sulphuric acid), and steam, which permeates the ore resting on the false bottom of a brick chamber.

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  • The waves may be generated by electrically maintained tuning-forks from which dippers touch the surface; but special arrangements are needed for rendering them visible.

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  • In 1904 electricity, generated by water-power from the rivers, notably the Snake, began to be utilized in mining operations.

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  • below the surface is tapped and pumped by electricity generated from the only surface water of the region, Camas Creek.

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  • In these and the other 93 saw-mills in the state in 1905 steam generated by the waste wood was the common power.

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  • Leonhard Euler (Acta Petrop. 1784) showed that the same hypocycloid can be generated by circles having radii of; (a+b) rolling on a circle of radius a; and also that the hypocycloid formed when the radius of the rolling circle is greater than that of the fixed circle is the same as the epicycloid formed by the rolling of a circle whose radius is the difference of the original radii.

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  • Electricity, generated at the Shenandoah river, is used for power in many of the factories.

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  • The power thus generated has been largely instrumental in creating the city of Paterson (q.v.).

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  • This model, which was shown at the exhibition of the Aeronautical Society of Great Britain at the Crystal Palace in 1868, consisted of two superposed screws propelled by an engine, the steam for which was generated (for lightness) in an aluminium boiler.

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  • are thus enumerated: (1) any premises in such a state as to be a nuisance or injurious to health; (2) any pool, ditch, gutter, watercourse, privy, urinal, cesspool, drain or ashpit so foul or in such a state as to be injurious to health; (3) any animal so kept as to be a nuisance or injurious to health; (4) any accumulation or deposit which is a nuisance or injurious to health; (5) any house or part of a house so overcrowded as to be dangerous or injurious to the health of the inmates, whether or not members of the same family; (6) any factory, workshop or workplace not already under the operation of any general act for the regulation of factories or bakehouses not kept in a cleanly state or not ventilated in such a manner as to render harmless as far as practicable any gases, vapours, dust or other impurities generated in the course of the work carried on therein that are a nuisance or injurious to health, or so overcrowded while work is carried on as to be dangerous or injurious to the health of those employed therein; (7) any fireplace or furnace which does not as far as practicable consume the smoke arising from the combustible used therein, and which is used for working engines by steam or in any mill, factory, dye-house, brewery, bakehouse or gas work, or in any manufacturing or trade process whatsoever; and (8) any chimney not being the chimney of a private dwelling-house sending forth black smoke in such quantity as to be a nuisance.

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  • Blaise Pascal determined the area of the section made by any line parallel to the base and the volumes and centres of gravity of the solids generated by revolving the curve about its axis and base.

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  • Sir Christopher Wren, the famous architect, determined the length of the arc and its centre of gravity, and Pierre Fermat deduced the surface of the spindle generated by its revolution.

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  • The method by which the cycloid is generated shows that it consists of an infinite number of cusps placed along the fixed line and separated by a constant distance equal to the circumference of the rolling circle.

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  • It is generated as follows: Let ABC be a circle having AB for a diameter.

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  • For that this Thought (gvvoia), recognizing her father's will, had leapt forth from him, and descended to lower regions, and generated the angelic powers by whom this world was made.

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  • From this ungenerated being sprang the generated world of which we know, whereof there were six roots, having each its inner and its outer side, and arranged in pairs (Qv uytac) as follows: vows and E7rivoca = oupaeOs and yi 7; 4cwva 7 and dvo,ua = iiXcos and oXa j vn; Aoyccp.os and EzOi unQuu = 6,1 7 P and ii&cap. These six roots are also called six powers.

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  • It is manufactured from the magnesium bromide contained in "bittern" (the mother liquor of the salt industry), by two processes, the continuous and the periodic. The continuous process depends upon the decomposition of the bromide by chlorine, which is generated in special stills.

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  • Ross wrote: "So may he (Sir Thomas Browne) doubt whether in cheese and timber worms are generated; or if beetles and wasps in cows' dung; or if butterflies, locusts, grasshoppers, shell-fish, snails, eels, and such like, be procreated of putrefied matter, which is apt to receive the form of that creature to which it is by formative power disposed.

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  • The principal features of this invention are, first, a much more thorough purification of the burner-gas than had been practised up to that time, both in a chemical and a mechanical sense, and second, the prevention of superheating of the contact substance, which formerly always occurred by the heat generated in the process itself.

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  • Halley only communicated to Newton the fact " that Hooke had some pretensions to the invention of the rule for the decrease of gravity being reciprocally as the squares of the distances from the centre," acknowledging at the same time that, though Newton had the notion from him, " yet the demonstration of the curves generated thereby belonged wholly to Newton."

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  • In accurate comparisons, therefore, it is necessary that the coils to be compared should be immersed in melting ice, and that sufficient time should be allowed to elapse between the measurements for the heat generated in the coil to be removed.

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  • Schuppenstruktur) is generated.

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  • Plucker first gave a scientific dual definition of a curve, viz.; " A curve is a locus generated by a point, and enveloped by a line - the point moving continuously along the line, while the line rotates continuously about the point "; the point is a point (ineunt.) of the curve, the line is a tangent of the curve.

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  • To develop the theory, consider the curve corresponding to any particular value of the parameter; this has with the consecutive curve (or curve belonging to the consecutive value of the parameter) a certain number of intersections and of common tangents, which may be considered as the tangents at the intersections; and the so-called envelope is the curve which is at the same time generated by the points of intersection and enveloped by the common tangents; we have thus a dual generation.

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  • At any one of the m 2 -26 - 3K points the variable curve and the consecutive curve have tangents distinct from yet infinitesimally near to each other, and each of these two tangents is also infinitesimally near to one of the n 2 -2T-3t common tangents of the two curves; whence, attending only to the variable curve, and considering the consecutive curve as coming into actual coincidence with it, the n 2 -2T-3c common tangents are the tangents to the variable curve at the m 2 -26-3K points respectively, and the envelope is at the same time generated by the m 2 -26-3K points, and enveloped by the n2-2T-3c tangents; we have thus a dual generation of the envelope, which only differs from Pliicker's dual generation, in that in place of a single point and tangent we have the group of m2-26-3K points and n 2 -2T-3c tangents.

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  • Stated in regard to the cone, we have there the fundamental theorem that there are two different kinds of sheets; viz., the single sheet, not separated into two parts by the vertex (an instance is afforded by the plane considered as a cone of the first order generated by the motion of a line about a point), and the double or twin-pair sheet, separated into two parts by the vertex (as in the cone of the second order).

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  • But, in consequence of the centrifugal force generated by the rotation, it assumes a spheroidal form, the equatorial regions bulging out.

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  • The term cissoid has been given in modern times to curves generated in similar manner from other figures than the circle, and the form described above is distinguished as the cissoid of Diodes.

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  • (b) Fleitmann's test and Marsh's test depend on the fact that arsenic and its compounds, when present in a solution in which hydrogen is being generated, are converted into arseniuretted hydrogen, which can be readily detected either by its action on silver nitrate solution or by its decomposition on heating.

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  • In the Marsh test the solution containing the arsenious compounds is mixed with pure hydrochloric acid and placed in an apparatus in which hydrogen is generated from pure zinc and pure sulphuric acid.

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