Fungal Sentence Examples
The Plum is subject to several diseases of fungal origin.
The organic compounds of the latter are absorbed by the protruding fungal filaments, which take the place of root-hairs, the tree ceasing to develop the latter.
Each kind of ant is so addicted to its own particular fungal food that it refuses disdainfully, even when hungry, the produce of an alien nest.
The fungal part of the organism nearly always consists of a number of the Discomycetes or Pyrenomycetes, while the algal portion is a member of the Schizophyceae (Cyanophyceae or Blue-green Algae) or of the Green Algae; only in a very few cases is the fungus a member of the Basidiomycetes.
The reproductive organs of the lichen are of a typically fungal character, i.e.Advertisement
The view of the dual nature of lichens had hitherto been based on analysis; the final proof of this view was now supplied by the actual synthesis of a lichen from fungal and algal constituents.
The majority of the lichens, however, possess a stratified thallus in which the gonidia are found as a definite layer or layers embedded in a pseudoparenchymatous mass of fungal hyphae, i.e.
Since they are provided with both fungal and algal elements, they are able to develop directly, under suitable conditions, into a new thallus.
The soredia are the most successful method of reproduction in lichens, for not only are some forms nearly always without spore-formation and in others the spores laregly abortive, but in all cases the spore represents only the fungal component of the thallus, and its success in the development of a new lichen-thallus depends on the chance meeting, at the time of germination, with the appropriate algal component.
We find two chief types of fruit bodies in the lichens, the perithecium and apothecium; the first when the fungal element is a member of the Pyrenomycetes division of the Ascomycetes, the second when the fungus belongs to the Discomycetes division.Advertisement
The developing seed thus encloses fungal hyphae, which remain dormant within the seed and in spring develop symbiotically with the growth of the wheat plant, doing no apparent injury until the time of fruiting is reached, when the fungus takes complete possession and fills the new seed with a mass of darkcoloured spores.
It is advisable to place the leather in clean polythene bags rather than reusing the original packaging which may harbor fungal spores.
Dr. Mark S Barber, from the University of Southampton, whose interests include the biochemistry of resistance in fungal pathogens.
At Newcastle, we have used the units on Fungal, Prokaryotic and Plant Diversity to supplement our general botany and microbiology courses.
Prompting the authors to recommend the use of Acticoat as a useful prophylactic against fungal infections as it has a rapid broad-spectrum of activity.Advertisement
Aflatoxins are fungal toxins, which are potent carcinogens.
Areas covered include routine chiropody, verrucas, ingrown toenails, fungal infections and biomechanics.
Such particles can include small pieces of silica, pollen grains, fungal hyphae and other organic detritus 1.
Hygiene e.g. if nail is not sterilized and degreased, may trap dirt and lead to fungal infections.
The fungal nail condition usually begins toward the far end of the nail and may start with patches of white or yellow discoloration.Advertisement
Written by RJ Jones and LF Grand, this fact sheet provides information on the fungal disease ' Dutch elm disease ' .
Virtually every plant species researchers have examined has fungal endophytes.
The meeting point for the final Sunday fungal foray is the Red Lion pub in Grantchester.
Treatment of infective keratitis, particularly fungal keratitis, is expensive.
Keep an eye out for any fungal diseases; treat with a suitable fungicide.Advertisement
Patients with fungal fingernail infections were randomly assigned to 250 mg/day oral terbinafine or 500 mg/day oral micronized griseofulvin.
The fungal hypha is the vertical out of focus band on the right of the image.
Any major illness, fungal infections or surgery may be major reasons.
Once inside the trap, the male moths become contaminated with sufficient fungal inoculum to guarantee that they become infected.
Data is also collected on the spectrum of organisms isolated from cases of fungal keratitis.
Fungal foliar diseases and their control, including leaf blights, downy mildews, leaf blights, downy mildews, leaf curls, mildews, leaf spots and rusts.
However, Arabidopsis plants modified in the metabolic pathway leading to lignin formation produced abnormal lignin that was associated with severe fungal attacks.
Ongoing investigations deal with the health implication of exposure to both the allergens and the fungal metabolites.
Greg's BSc (Microbiology) was obtained from Liverpool University (1996) where he explored the effects of electricity on fungal morphogenesis.
We are using molecular genetic approaches, in particular random mutagenesis, to analyze fungal genes involved in the disease process.
In fact, there was no fungal mycelium evident on the sample at all.
By selectively amplifying fungal DNA it had been shown that, in bluebells, 2 or 3 genera of arbuscular mycorrhiza are present.
For example, fungal mycotoxins could develop, which could harm the cow's health.
Terbinafine is not licensed for treatment of fungal scalp infection, but it is commonly used off-licence for this condition.
The fungal fruiting bodies are smaller and less obvious on the grass flower panicle than on the cereal ear.
A solution may now lie in the use of fungal pathogens.
Failure to improve suggests fungal and secondary peritonitis (see below ), or just a bad infection.
This layer is removed by the action of a fungal acid phosphatase enzyme.
David Perkins gave an overview of the study of fungal chromosome rearrangements.
The disease The main fungal species that causes ringworm in horses is Trichophyton equinum.
If a guinea pig develops bald patches on its face, this could indicate the fungal disease ringworm.
Management of fungal sinusitis in the immunocompromised Early, aggressive treatment is required.
The air is also full of fungal spores at most times of the year.
When the foliage dries more quickly, infections are reduced since, like almost all fungal spores, rust spores require water for germination.
Carole diagnosed the tree as having a fungal problem, leaf spot.
Roy Watling, retired Head of Mycology at the Royal Botanical Gardens, Edinburgh, describes some of the intricacies of fungal systematics.
Recent projects have included processes for the production of fungal meat substitute, biodegradable plastic, and protein and ethanol from cheese whey.
Fungal pathogens infect white clover particularly in the colder months of the year.
The roots of many of the latter, while growing freely in the soil are found to be surrounded with a dense feltwork of fungal mycelium, which sometimes forms a mass of considerable size.
Ephebe pubescens) the form of thallus is the form of the filamentous alga which is merely surrounded by the fungal hyphae (fig.
Each night, the slugs crawled out of the moons and stars and slithered off on their fungal foray.
Fungal symbionts produce ascospores but they do not initiate independent new growth.
Tuber infection is quickly followed by secondary fungal or bacterial infection known as 'wet rot '.
It provides information on verticillium wilt of strawberry, a fungal disease caused by the pathogen Verticillium albo-atrum.
They also commonly contain double-stranded RNA of viral origin, which can affect the virulence of fungal pathogens.
The intense itching puts your cat at risk for secondary bacterial and fungal infections from scratching at her ears and perhaps causing open wounds.
The U.S. Pharmacists' website cites several studies demonstrating tea tree oil's effectiveness again yeast and fungal infections of the skin and mucosa.
Other fungal infections that respond well to tea tree oil include fingernail or toenail fungus infections.
Tea tree oil inhibits growth of the organism that causes dandruff and scalp dermatitis, Pityrosporum ovale, as well as most fungal and yeast cultures in laboratory studies.
Tea tree oil antifungal treatment is very effective against all kinds of fungal infections, as well as many bacterial and viral infections.
Watch it carefully though and begin treatment again at the first sign of fungal infection.
Most other fungal infections do not take as long to eradicate as nail infections.
Tea tree oil is a natural, effective defense against all types of external fungal infections.
Ringworm is a fungal infection that can develop on the scalp or body.
The list encompasses a hugely diverse range of conditions and runs the gamut of viral, bacterial and fungal infections.
As discussed in Smart Medicine for Healthier Living (Avery 1999) another common cause of hair loss is fungal infection on the scalp.
Over time, fungal infections can lead to scarring of the hair follicles, rendering them incapable of supporting hair growth.
A mixture of apple cider vinegar and sage is a common and effective treatment for stimulating hair growth as well as treating any fungal infections that might be present.
Dogs that live outside in moist conditions may be more susceptible to fungal infections.
Bathing your dog on a consistent basis should also reduce his chance of picking up a fungal infection.
This builds up a healthy tree that is able to withstand bacterial and fungal assault.
It repels beetles and also offers some protection against black spot and fungal diseases.
This may be a sign of a mold or a fungal problem in the early stages.
Systemic fungal infections also are a major hazard with long-term exposure.
These fungal infections are tough to treat and can be fatal if they go undiagnosed.
A glucose level below 40 mg/dL is significant and occurs in bacterial and fungal meningitis and in malignancy.
High levels are seen in many conditions, including bacterial and fungal meningitis, tumors, subarachnoid hemorrhage, and traumatic tap.
The CSF lactate is used mainly to help differentiate bacterial and fungal meningitis, which cause increased lactate, from viral meningitis, which does not.
This enzyme is elevated in bacterial and fungal meningitis, malignancy, and subarachnoid hemorrhage.
An increase in WBCs may occur in many conditions, including infection (viral, bacterial, fungal, and parasitic), allergy, leukemia, hemorrhage, traumatic tap, encephalitis, and Guillain-Barré syndrome.
For example, viral infection is usually associated with an increase in lymphocytes, while bacterial and fungal infections are associated with an increase in polymorphonuclear leukocytes (neutrophils).
Pain or difficulty in swallowing may indicate a fungal infection in the throat, which is a potential complication of AIDS.
Fungal blood and stool cultures for detection of the Candida organism should be taken for patients suspected of having deep organ candidiasis.
Although the diagnosis is usually obvious, if there is any confusion, other conditions (such as a fungal condition or syphilis) can be ruled out through examination of skin scrapings or blood tests.
A fungal infection called tinea capitis, which is similar to athlete's foot, is a common cause of hair loss, particularly among toddlers and early school-aged children.
If the physician suspects a fungal infection of the scalp, a hair sample may be tested by microscopic examination in the laboratory.
The infection may be confirmed by culturing the scalp for fungal organisms.
For fungal infections such as tinea capitis, treatment usually requires a systemic approach with an oral anti-fungal prescription medication such as griseofulvin (Fulvicin).
Highly contagious fungal infections such as tinea capitis, for example, may be prevented by keeping hair clean and by teaching children not to share hats, combs, or hair brushes.
It can be of bacterial, viral, or fungal origin.
The use of other medicines to treat the fungal infections may be necessary.
Ringworm is a common fungal infection of the skin.
Ringworm is a term that is commonly used to encompass several types of fungal infection.
The fungal infection ringworm can be treated with homeopathic remedies.
Fungal sinusitis requires surgery to clean out the sinuses.
Fungal sinusitis, however, has a relatively high death rate.
Children with complete DiGeorge are particularly susceptible to viral and fungal infections.
It tends to cause fungal infections, including severe thrush that does not respond to usual treatment; severe diarrhea; and serious bacterial infections.
For example, there are effective treatments for tuberculosis and most bacterial and fungal infections.
They should never be stored in plastic bags where dampness can encourage fungal growth.
Because other portions of the immune system are functional, people with XLA can fight off some types of infection, such as fungal and most viral infections.
The child's immune system is an intricate network of interdependent cell types, substances, and organs that collectively protect the body from bacterial, parasitic, fungal, viral infections, and tumor cells.
You can tell if your goldfish has a bacterial infection because the fin will look very ragged, while a fungal infection will cause the fin to rot away more evenly and there will be a white edge along the end of the fin.
The unique fabric is soft, and the pores allow the skin to breathe while preventing bacterial and fungal growth.
Likewise, probiotics may be contraindicated in patients with a compromised immune system, because opportunistic fungal infection may arise.
The Denver Naturopathic Clinic published an article relating the persistence of certain celiac neuropathies to the presence of a systemic fungal infection.
Air circulation is necessary to prevent excess sweating which can lead to the exacerbation and growth of fungal infections.
Candida Albicans is a fungal organism that lives in our intestinal tract.
By cutting back on your intake of breads, crackers, pasta, sweets, fresh fruits and dried fruits to within 20 to 60 grams of carbohydrate a day, you will "starve" the fungal population and reduce its reproduction ability.
Although it sounds horrible, it's not uncommon to have a fungal infection of the skin that causes or resembles a rash.
The light patches are caused by a fungal infection.
The most typical types of fungal rashes are jock itch and yeast infection, both of which are characterized by red and itchy skin in the genital area.
The most common rashes in the fungal category are jock itch and yeast infection.
Increasingly, sufferers are turning to natural treatments of fungal rashes.
Recurrence and fungal advancement may cause increased damage to the nail bed, including yellowing, thickening, and crumbling of the nail, and the possibility of a painful infection.
Thoroughly pat dry toenails after every shower or bath to avoid fungal infection.
If there is perspiration in an area that is left warm and moist, a fungal infection may surface in the form of a topical rash.
Rather than self-diagnose or prescribe treatment, always seek professional care when dealing with a suspected fungal infection.
If a rash is circular in shape with raised borders, it may be a fungal infection known as ringworm.
Many fungal conditions are brought on by underlying health conditions and diseases that need to be ruled out, while others are simple cases of improper drying and excessive moisture under the nail bed.
Lamisil is approved by the FDA specifically for fungal treatments.
Amorolfine is a topical product that shows promise in the treatment of white-colored fungal infections known as subungual onychomycosis.
A characteristic feature of the fungal vegetative plantbody (mycelium) is its formation from independent coenocytic tubes or cell-threads.
A solid fungal body may usually be seen to consist of separate hyphae, but in some cases these are so bent and closely interwoven that an appearance like that of ordinary parenchymatous tissue is obtained in section, the structure being called pseudo parenchyrna.
This is especially the case in the lichens (symbiotic organisms composed of a fungal mycelium in association with algal cells), which are usually exposed to very severe fluctuations in external conditions.
Special wound-cork is also often formed round accidental injuries so as to prevent the rotting of the tissues by the soaking in of rain and the entrance of fungal spores and bacteria.
Fungal and phanerogamic parasites can make no use of stich substances as carbon dioxide, but draw elaborated products from the bodies of their hosts.
Since about 1880 our knowledge of the species which can enter into such relationships has been materially extended, and the fungal constituents of the Lichens are known to include Basidiomycetes as well as Ascomycetes.
In the first, which are called ectotropic, the fungal filaments form a thick felt or sheath round the root, either completely enclosing it or leaving the apex free.
The other type is called endctropic. The fungal filaments either penetrate the epidermis of the root, or enter it from the stem and ramify in the interior.
That the fixation of the gas is carried out by the fungal organism either in the soil or in the plant, and the nitrogenous substance so produced is absorbed by the organism, which is in turn consumed by the green plant.
Other genera of South American ants - A pterostigma and Cyphomyrmex - make similar fungal cultivations, but they use wood, grain or dung as the substratum instead of leaf fragments.
The apothecia, though of the normal fungal type and usually disk-shaped, are somewhat more variable, and since the Morphologie and Biologie der Pilze, Mycetozoen und 1 The thalline margin (margo thallinus) is the projecting edge of a special layer of thallus, the amphithecium, round the actual apothecium; the proper margin (margo proprius) is the projecting edge of the apothecium itself.
For some obscure reason the Basidiomycetes do not readily form lichens, so that only a few forms are known in which the fungal element is a member of this family.
Theoretically the lichens may be classified on the basis of their algal constituent, on the basis of their fungal constituent, or they may be classified as if they were homogeneous organisms. The first of these systems is impracticable owing to the absence of algal reproductive organs and the similarity of the algal cells (gonidia) in a large number of different forms. The second system is the most obvious one, since the fungus is the dominant partner and produces reproductive organs.
There are two main divisions of lichens, Ascolichenes and Basidiolichenes, according to the nature of the fungal element, whether an ascomycete or basidiomycete.