He established the freedom of the instrumentalities of the national government from adverse legislation by the states; freedom of commerce between the different states; the right of Congress to regulate the entire passenger traffic through and from the United States, and the sacredness of public franchises from legislative assault.
His name, and that of his wife Geloria (Elvira), are associated with the grant of the first franchises of Leon.
The Venetians, however, maintained their position in Palestine; and their quarters remained, along with those of the Genoese, as privileged commercial franchises in an otherwise feudal state.
Nevertheless, of the death of a man, and of a maihem done in great ships, being and hovering in the main stream of great rivers, only beneath the [[[bridges]]] of the same rivers [nigh] to the sea, and in none other places of the same rivers, the admiral shall have cognizance, and also to arrest ships in the great flotes for the great voyages of the king and of the realm; saving always to the king all manner of forfeitures and profits thereof coming; and he shall have also jurisdiction upon the said flotes, during the said voyages only; saving always to the lords, cities, and boroughs, their liberties and franchises."
Railway, street railway, telegraph and telephone franchises can be granted only by the Executive Council with the approval of the governor, and none can be operative until it has been approved by the President of the United States.
The governor and Executive Council have the exclusive right to grant all other franchises of a public or quasi-public nature and Congress reserves the right to annul or modify any such grant.
in 1189 a charter granting Hamburg considerable franchises, including exemption from tolls, a separate court and jurisdiction, and the rights of fishery on the Elbe from the city to the sea.
The burgesses of Droitwich are mentioned in the Domesday Survey, but they probably only had certain franchises in connexion with the salt trade.
One of the first motions put to the House was that a special Committee should be appointed to consider the violations of the liberties and franchises of all the corporations of the kingdom " and particularly of the City of London."
The committee's opinion on these two points (among others) was endorsed by the House and on the 16th of March it ordered a Bill to be brought in to restore all corporations to the state and condition they were in on the 29th of May 1660, and to confirm the liberties and franchises which at that time they respectively held and enjoyed.'
After petition signed by a number of voters not less than 25% of the number voting at the preceding municipal election, any member of the council may be removed by popular vote, to which all public franchises must be submitted, and by which the council may be compelled to pass any law or ordinance.
The taxing system of Iowa embraces a general property tax, corporation taxes (imposed on the franchises or on either the capital stock or the stock in the hands of shareholders), taxes on certain businesses and a collateral inheritance tax.
The towns had municipal franchises, exercised by a governing body comprised of Spaniards, either immigrants from Old Spain, or Creoles, i.e.
He reformed the administration of the state canals, making the Canal Commission non-partisan; he introduced the merit system into many of the subordinate offices of the state; and he vigorously urged the passage of and signed the Ford Franchise Act (1899), taxing corporation franchises.
In 1866 he expressed himself favourable to the making of household suffrage the basis of representation, an expression of opinion which probably influenced the Reform Bill of the following year - in the discussions on which Palmer took a prominent part, and especially in opposition to the so-called "fancy franchises" originally proposed by its authors.
One of that bishop's successors, Adhemar Fabri (1385-1388) codified and confirmed all the franchises, rights and privileges of the citizens (1387), this grant being the Magna Carta of the city of Geneva.
In England the franchises enjoyed by burgesses, freemen and other consuetudinary constituencies in burghs, were dependent on the character of the burgagetenure.
The state makes provision for revenue for school purposes as follows: (1) the interest on the Bond of the Commonwealth for $1,327,000 00; (2) dividends on 798 shares of the capital stock of the Bank of Kentucky - representing a par value of $79,800.00; (3) the interest at 6% on the Bond of the Commonwealth for $381,986.08, which is a perpetual obligation in favour of the several counties; (4) the interest at 6% on $606,641.03, which was received from the United States; (5) the annual tax of 262 cents on each $100 of value of all real and personal estate and corporate franchises directed to be assessed for taxation; (6) a certain portion of fines, forfeitures and licences realized by the state; and (7) a portion of the dog taxes of each county.
Matters of a local or special nature, such as bills for chartering and incorporating gas, water, canal, tramway, railway or telephone companies, or for conferring franchises in the nature of monopolies or special privileges upon such companies, or for altering their constitutions, as also for incorporating cities or minor communities and regulating their affairs.
The great public service corporations have, in particular, frequentiy succeeded in obtaining franchises of large pecuniary value without making any adequate payment therefor.
In New YOrk City, where the council had lost public confidence, and in some other places, the only important power still possessed by the council is that of granting franchises to street railways, gas companies and the like.
Originally franchises varied much in different states, but for many years prior to 1890 what was practically manhood suffrage prevailed in nearly all of.
Finally, the strain upon municipal finances incident to a realization of civic improvements has called attention to intangible wealth: street railways are no longer taxed as scrap iron but as working systems, with due attention to their franchises; and there is a beginning of the doctrine that the increase in value of unimproved realty constitutes income that should be taxed.
He advocated trial by jury in press prosecutions, the extension of municipal franchises and other liberal measures.
The charter provides for a referendum vote on franchises, which may be ordered by the council or by petition of the people, the signatures of 20% of the registered voters being sufficient to force such election.
Feudalism was not yet dead, and in the north and west there were medieval franchises in which the royal writ and common law hardly ran at all.
It was necessary for the future development of England that its governmental system should be centralized and unified, that the authority of the monarchy should be more firmly extended over Wales and the western and northern borders, and that the still existing feudal franchises should be crushed; and these objects were worth the price paid in the methods of the Star Chamber and of the Councils of the North and of Wales.
The constitution declares that the state's rights of eminent domain shall never be so abridged as to prevent the legislature from taking the property and franchises of incorporated companies and subjecting them to the public necessity in a way similar to the treatment of individuals.
But in 1902 and 1903 the Philippine government, as established in 1902 by an act of the Congress of the United States, granted franchises for the extension of the Manila-Dagupan railway to Cabanatuan (55 m.) and to Antipolo (24 m.).
The local monarchy of the manorial lords was fast giving way to a central power which maintained its laws, the circuits of its judges, the fiscal claims of its exchequer, the police interference of its civil officers all through the country, and, by prevailing over the franchises of manorial lords, gave shape to a vast dominion of legal equality and legal protection, in which the forces of commercial exchange, of contract, of social intercourse, found a ready and welcome sphere of action.
The wide contrast between his German and Italian rule is strikingly exemplified in the fact that, while he endeavoured to overthrow the republics in Italy, he held in check the power of the nobles in Germany, by conferring municipal franchises and independent rights on the principal cities.
confirmed to them all the franchises and customs which they had in the time of Henry I.
Questions of railways, of franchises, union scales and the recognition of the union in contracts, questions of sheep and cattle interests, politics, civic, legal and industrial questions, all entered into the economic troubles of these years.
Closely akin are the payments demanded for privileges to industrial undertakings given as " franchises," very often in connexion with monopolies, e.g.
Under the revision of 1908 corporate franchises cannot be granted for a longer term than thirty years.
In 1884 the state gained the victory by securing the passage of a law taxing the franchises of railway corporations.
1874), then a Republican member of the Assembly and in1906-1908a state senator, began in 1904; it did much to secure the passage of acts limiting public service franchises to 20 years (unless extended to 40 years by the voters of the municipality concerned), the increase of taxes on railways, the increase of franchise tax rates by 12% each year up to 5%, the adoption of direct primary elections, and the modification of the existing promoters' liability law.
At a very early time the lords of manors exercised or claimed certain jurisdictional franchises.
But the county includes all other places, such as liberties and franchises, which before 1888 were exempt from contribution to county rate.
But before leaving the consideration of the area of the county it may be added that all liberties and franchises are now merged in the county and subject to the jurisdiction of the county council.
The chief sources of the state's revenue are a general property tax and taxes on the franchises of corporations, especially those of railway and insurance companies and savings banks; among the smaller sources are licences or fees, a poll tax, and a collateral inheritance tax.
They create and alter subdivisions, levy taxes, care for the poor, construct, maintain and make regulations for roads and bridges, erect and care for public buildings, grant franchises, issue licences, supervise county officers, make and enforce proper police regulations (but the authority does not extend to incorporated towns or cities), and perform such other duties as may be authorized by law.
1 And the same author distinguishes a forest, as "the highest franchise of princely pleasure," from the inferior franchises of chase, park and warren - named in the order of their importance.
In 1278 followed the Statute of Gloucester, an act empowering the king to make inquiry as to the right by which old royal estates, or exceptional franchises which infringed on the royal prerogative of justice or taxation, had passed into the hands of their present owners.
They showed signs of an intention to make open resistance; but to their surprise the king contented himself with making complete lists of all franchises then existing, and did no more; this being his method of preventing the growth of any further trespasses on his prerogative.
For the next two centuries and a half the lands west of Dee and Wye were divided between the new counties, forming the principality of Wales, and the marches where the old feudal franchises continued, till the marcher-lordships gradually fell by forfeiture or marriage to the crown.
The suggestions that votes should be conferred on graduates and stockholders were laughed at as fancy franchises.
Some lords of manors and of hundreds held a court of their own for view of frankpledge, and in the 13th century it may be fairly said "of all the franchises, the royal rights in private hands, view of frankpledge is perhaps the commonest."
The duration of franchises given by the city is limited to 20 years.
undermined as far as he could the right of control by the states-general, the right of remonstrance by the parlements, and the communal franchises, while ensuring the impoverishment of the municipalities by his fiscal methods.
He fully confirmed the right of the nobles to trial by law and security against arbitrary punishment; he left the franchises of the city untouched, and respected the independence of the justiza.
But the Conservatives preferred to support the late kings brother Don Carlos, and they had the active aid of the Basques, who feared for their local franchises, and of the mountaineers of Navarre, Aragon, Catalonia and Valencia, who were either quite clerical, or who had become attached, during the French invasion and the troubles of the reign of Ferdinand, to a life of guerrillero adventure.
There are cases where existing franchisees are looking to sell their franchises.
limousine hire with a local presence provided by approved Cars for Stars area franchises.
Derek Twigg, rail Minister said: " These consultations are important in making sure these new franchises deliver improvements for rail passengers.
Girault, Principes de cot onisation et de ligislation coloniele (3 vols., Paris, 1907-1908); Les Colonies franchises, an encyclopaedia edited by M.
Bohun, Privilegia Londini (1723); Giles Jacob, City Liberties (1733); Laws and Customs, Rights, Liberties and Privileges of the City of London (1765) David Hughson, Epitome of the Privileges of London (1816); George Norton, Commentaries on the History, Constitution and Chartered Franchises of the City of London (1829, 3rd ed.
Some local restaurants and franchises often cater to children's parties.
Two-thousand of these franchises operate in Canada, Mexico and the United States.
In the 1980s, Singer became well known as the star of two major science fiction franchises.
She, along with her husband, owns a large string of fast food franchises.
There are a number of companies available online that may have franchises near you.
Although Home Instead Senior Care is one solution, and has franchises in many states, there are many qualified and caring individuals who work independently as well.
There are over 350 franchises established in 46 states and Canada.
The wide variety of franchises available to support the needs of seniors gives potential franchisees many options.
Staffing Expenses - The success of these franchises is largely based on the quality of the actual caregivers.
These franchises usually provide extensive training and access to highly-developed sales, finance and operations plans.
Franchises which provide medical support usually require more experience in senior care.
Major amusement park franchises like Disney, Universal and Six Flags sell packages via their own websites and sponsored travel agents.
For instance, Bemani, the music game arm of Konami, originally produced the Drum Mania and Guitar Freaks franchises largely for the Asian market, years before Guitar hero even existed.
Seeing how it is one of the most treasured franchises in Nintendo's storied history, many people are excited to hear about a new Zelda game for GameCube.
Many classic characters from treasured video game franchises are making an appearance, but not all of them are available right away.
Very few video game franchises have had quite the same level of immediately recognizable characters as Super Mario, thanks largely to their colorful presentations and equally colorful personalities.
The hugely popular game went on to spark one of the biggest video game franchises that this world has ever seen.
Sequels to popular games and franchises often sell well, especially if the characters are instantly recognizable.
As franchises expand or your favorite characters release new games, more modern games will most likely be included on the above list.
BlizzCon is being touted as a celebration of the Warcraft, StarCraft, and Diablo franchises.
Interestingly, the original concept for the system was dreamed up by Trip Hawkins, who had previously founded Electronic Arts, the company that now owns exclusive rights to a number of sports franchises.
Not surprisingly, several of these single titles have spawned entire franchises, comprised of several different games, often times across several different consoles and platforms.
You'll see some familiar names in this list and that's because army games -- like sports games -- typically come as part of franchises.
One of the most beginner-friendly franchises in the army game genre is Medal of Honor.
The Final Fantasy series is possibly one of the most legendary role-playing game franchises of all time.
The video game developer and publisher Capcom is perhaps best known for a few key franchises: Street Fighter, Mega Man and Resident Evil, though they have contributed many memorable games over the years.
In 1987 a former Konami employee, Yoshiki Okamoto, joined Capcom and created one of their most well-known franchises -- the Street Fighter Games.
LEGO Star Wars: The Complete Saga: Combining two of the most treasured franchises in gaming and toy history, this game walks you through a great intergalactic story filled with plenty of action and puzzles to enjoy.
Crossover (SMBC) allows gamers to play the original game, but as characters from other video game franchises.
It paved the way for game franchises like Call of Duty and Medal of Honor.
Though it has a somewhat smaller library of games, the GameCube is home to a large number of amazing games and recognizable franchises.
Some of the most popular games in the EA lineup in 2005 included The Sims, Harry Potter, Burnout, The Lord of the Ring, The Godfather and James Bond franchises.
The EA Sports brand includes the Madden NFL, FIFA Soccer, and NBA Live franchises.
Say what you like, though, EA is certainly consistent, and they know how to pick developmental talent so their key franchises never fall into disrepair.
To focus the action somewhat, a few popular franchises have sprung up, most notably NFL Blitz and NFL Street.
NFL Street 2: For something a little more outrageous, NFL Street 2 offers arcade-like action, similar to the popular NFL Blitz and NHL Hitz franchises.
Most of the games are now sought after because they were spin-offs of original franchises (like Resident Evil).
One of the more recent franchises that's been making big splashes, in the arcades especially, is Metal Gear.
With the previous generation of music games, many enthusiasts complained that the instruments could not work across these two popular franchises.
Fans of the two major franchises involved and hardcore gamers alike will appreciate this surprisingly good game for its solid gameplay and unique vision of the Star Wars universe.
As you may have read from my other sports games, I have never been a fan of EA sports franchises.
The Mario franchises have sold over 180 million games, making it the best-selling video game series ever.
It's one of their most successful franchises with versions spanning nearly all of their systems.
EA Sports is widely known for their football franchises, including the ever-popular Madden NFL Football series and NFL STREET.
Anyone who spent a lazy afternoon in an arcade during the 1990s is probably all too familiar with many of the franchises found on the Neo Geo MVS.
Pokémon - One of Nintendo's most popular franchises with the younger crowd, Pokémon is a simple role playing game where players capture and train miniature creatures to become the best trainer of them all.
He is famous for creating such characters and franchises as Mario, The Legend of Zelda, Donkey Kong, Pikmin, and many others.
One thing that Nintendo seems to do very well is to breathe life into classic franchises.
Microsoft has reportedly offered $20.2 million to Nintendo for the franchises, but no deal has been made.
Some of the best computer role playing games have turned into epic franchises.
SCEI is known better for their hardware consoles, the PlayStation line, rather than game franchises.
Sales were strong and SCEI continued to dominate the gaming market, largely due to the support of popular franchises made exclusive to the PlayStation such as the Final Fantasy series.
Many of the franchises found on the PlayStation 2 went on to infiltrate mainstream popular culture.
With its strong established lineup of game publishers and proud franchises, the Sony console tradition will make gamers very happy in 2006.
Many of these franchises have new versions released every year.
X-Wing and Star Wars Chess and Rebel Assault, all published or licensed by LucasArts, broke this trend and started new franchises based on the Star Wars universe.
The Mario, Zelda, Mega Man and other franchises continued to proliferate, as well as a wide range of other hugely popular games that introduced us to Fox McCloud, Kirby, and Earthworm Jim.
Brawl characters from so many legendary video game franchises, there really is no shortage of possible fighting scenarios.
Outside of Street Fighter and Mortal Kombat, Tekken is perhaps one of the most recognizable fighting game franchises out there.
Each theme features revamped music and visuals from many classic Nintendo franchises, such as Donkey Kong, Mario Bros, the Legend of Zelda, Metroid and more.
They have worked on such hit franchises such as the Lord of the Rings and James Bond.
Choose from Blood Rayne, Final Fantasy, Halo, Doom, Resident Evil, and all kinds of other popular video game franchises.
Instead most dedicated game stores are franchises that inhabit malls and miscellaneous retail-heavy locations.
Another area where you will find these kinds of video game strategy guides are with strategy games, particularly real-time strategy games like those from the Command & Conquer, Starcraft, and Age of Empires franchises.
The Call of Duty series is one of the best-selling franchises in video game history.
There's no denying that Nintendo has a lot of fantastic franchises that have entertained us over the years.
Since then, several other developers have created some great franchises with intriguing characters, unique special moves, and riveting gameplay.
As independently owned and operated franchises, each KOA facility is unique, yet offers a consistent standard of amenities.
Electronic Arts: Makers of Madden NFL, Need for Speed, and other popular franchises.
The San Francisco Giants are one of the oldest franchises in major league baseball with a history that goes back to the late 1800s.
The San Francisco Giants were one of the first original baseball franchises to move their team out west in the 1950s.
Indeed, the bikini contests provide a great opportunity for Hooters franchises to stand up for important causes, show the community a good time, raise money and allow local women the chance to shine up on stage.
Not only is this star a stunning beauty, but her ability to portray a smart, confident, and successful detective in one of the most successful, longest-running franchises in television history makes her all the more admired.
Expand the Krusty Krab by buying franchises or add cool, new pineapple homes to your properties.
Part of the variability rests with the fact that many major fast food restaurants operate as franchises, with different owners responsible for one store only.
Both franchises have spawned video games, movies, trading card games, and more.
In addition, many daycare centers are franchises that must meet certain criteria within the core organization.
Several slasher film franchises were born in the eighties, most notably Friday the Thirteenth and A Nightmare on Elm Street; each of which has piled up multiple sequels.
All are long-running franchises that have excellent core bases.
Newspaper: In many communities, Domino's franchises run regular newspaper advertisements.
Since many of the eateries are franchises, you may find different deals at various outlets that don't require an On the Border restaurant coupon.
Since the majority of Sizzler locations are franchises, promotions will vary.
All restaurants are owned by Darden Restaurants; there are no Olive Garden franchises.
They now have a network of franchises worldwide, all still selling the famous, high-quality leather shoes.
Check out The Franchise Zone for information on franchises.
Most franchises, however, are not located in the home, but will require you to lease or buy space in a prominent location.
Franchises are also known as "cookie cutter" types of businesses, because all franchised locations operate the same.
Seeking franchise financing is next after you've completed due diligence, considered several types of franchises, and found the franchise that will bring you the greatest financial return on your investment.
Some companies specialize in equipment leasing for franchises, providing asset-based lending for furniture, equipment, signs and fixtures, with an option to purchase at the end of the lease.
Party businesses offer entrepreneurs a way to start their own business for a fraction of the cost of other franchises.
If you are seriously thinking of starting a pet care business but don't know where to start, consider one of the many franchises available, complete with a business plan.
These franchises often offer training and operational support.A doggie day care business is much like running a pre-school for four-legged children.
Several companies have become well known as the top home based franchises today.
According to Entrepreneur.com, these are the top rated franchises for home based businesses.
Franchises give you an already established business model to follow, provide you with advertising and management support, and help you to grow the business.
These are the modern day McDonald's franchises of the home based business.
Not all profitable home businesses are franchises.
Check this list of home based franchises.
Aside from franchises, there are innumerable independent business ideas.
There are franchises in almost every field including education, animals and pets, service companies, food industry and restaurants and more.
The Franchise Directory lists the major franchises around the world.
When considering franchise opportunities, know that even low-cost franchises have other costs associated with them.
Franchise opportunities can cost a few thousand dollars or a million dollars or more (think big franchises such as McDonald's).
Most of the lower cost franchises are also new franchises, which adds to the risk.
Among franchises available for under $20,000, there's a wide range of opportunities.
Mobile Franchises: Mobile franchises are franchises one runs out of a car, van or truck.
Unlike other franchises, you only need your van or truck and your franchise license to start the business.
Dozens of affordable franchises opportunities are listed on the following websites.
Franchises are a lot of work, but also have good profit potential for the right person.
A to Z Franchises lists low cost franchises for sale and franchise opportunities too.
Franchises offer a turnkey operation, a ready-made product and corporate marketing support.
Most franchises require a substantial deposit and have rules governing aspects of the business such as marketing and promotions, product selection, and even where the franchise may be located.
There are franchises for nearly every type of product or service you can think of including fast food, beauty and personal care, automobile repair, animal and pet products and much more.
You can explore franchises or open a store selling ethnic food or a certain cuisine.
By year end 2008, over 32,000 jobs were lost, both hourly and salaried, and over 200 dealerships lost their franchises through the company's bankruptcy restructuring.
Even NFL cheerleading franchises run clinics and special programs for all ages from kindergarten on up.
In less than 10 years, they sold over 7,000 Curves franchises all over the United States.
The series of three movies is one of Disney's most successful franchises, with a spin-off film, an ice show, a stage adaptation, book series, and video game series to go along with it.
Lilith Fair turned music industry convention on its head during the 1990s and became one of the most successful music festival franchises in history in the process.
For instance, the Rock of Love and Flavor of Love franchises on VH1 spin the competition format by centering the show on a celebrity.
Further, these franchises combine competition with social experiment, because the interaction of the contestants and how the react to their situation is such a large part of the shows.
Megan Wants a Millionaire was structured similarly to VH1's Flavor of Love, I Love New York and Rock of Love franchises.
Survivor the reality TV show is one of the most successful competition-based reality franchises ever.
Viewership of these shows, such as the VH1 Flavor of Love/Rock of Love franchises, has often challenged non-reality based network television shows with larger promotional budgets.
Survivor is based on a 1997 Swedish television series called Expedition Robinson, and since has become one of the most successful global reality TV franchises.
British reality television compares to shows from around the world, with innovative original concepts as well as globally-recognized franchises.
What sets The Real Housewives of Beverly Hills apart from the other "Housewives" franchises is the sheer amount of luxury their wealth affords.
You can participate in football franchises, boxing matches, and even martial arts tournaments.
The word usage examples above have been gathered from various sources to reflect current and historial usage. They do not represent the opinions of YourDictionary.com.