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fortress

fortress

fortress Sentence Examples

  • She ran outside the walls of the fortress into the forest.

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  • He led her through a fortress too ancient for her to date, its blackened walls and well-worn stones massive and thick.

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  • We've taken steps for my home not to look like a fortress, but believe me, it is.

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  • He never expected to see the blue sky again or the trees around the fortress, let alone sip sweet tea and nibble on berry scones.

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  • The black fortress and dark skies made her heart drop to her feet.

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  • I came from the east.  There's a fortress that way.

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  • Ocean surrounded the small island, upon which a fortress sat, several hundred meters away, up a sloping hill on top of solid rock.

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  • An hour later, Katie stood in a similar-looking fortress several times the size of the Caribbean Sanctuary.

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  • At least from the peak, she'd see anything before it got to the fortress, even in the moonlight.

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  • With the former Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces and the Special Assistant to the VP, not to mention the biofields, electromagnetic fields, and other beefed security measures, the compound at the top of the mountain was a fortress commanded by the President's own right-hand man.

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  • We should reach the fortress in the morning.  It looks like she's there, Gabe reported.

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  • Rather than face this ordeal Alexius fled to Vienna and placed himself under the protection of his brother-in-law, the emperor Charles VI., who sent him for safety first to the Tirolean fortress of Ahrenberg, and finally to the castle of San Elmo at Naples.

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  • It is not difficult to capture a fortress but it is difficult to win a campaign.

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  • When she was dressed and ready, she left her room and walked through the fortress to the bottom floor.

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  • He trailed them into the dark fortress but kept his distance, eyeing his surroundings with distaste.

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  • Gabe tossed the brandy over the side of the fortress wall and caught her as she tried to escape.

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  • He made his way through the fortress to a bedroom and slammed the door behind them.

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  • Katie didn.t recognize the woman who greeted them and ushered them into the small fortress on an undeclared—hidden by magic—island in the Caribbean.

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  • Darian walked through the fortress, retracing their steps from earlier, until they reached the foyer.

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  • Cyclops in their mountain fortress of Petra.

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  • Jenn turned and walked towards the fortress again.

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  • Denouncing the temporal power of the pope he implored the emperor to deliver Italy, and especially Rome, from their oppressors; but, heedless of his invitations, Charles kept him in prison for more than a year in the fortress of Raudnitz, and then handed him over to Clement, who had been clamouring for his surrender.

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  • The verdant pines outside the fortress wall were beautiful, and she watched their long pine needles stir in an early morning breeze.

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  • The fortress around the courtyard was four stories tall and lined with wooden doors indicating guest rooms.

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  • The robed man led her into the fortress and wound his way through bright intersections, down stairs, and into a more opulent part of the building.

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  • Landon was in the bottom floor of the fortress, waiting with a familiar face in the study.

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  • Sirian and Rissa wound through the fortress before disappearing into a door guarded by two men.

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  • It was destroyed in 796, rebuilt by the crusaders in 1134 (their fortress and chapel remain, much ruined).

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  • She was able to breathe easier when she stood outside the massive fortress that sat on a clearing the size of two football fields.

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  • This medieval fortress, strong by art as well as position before the invention of modern artillery, has since undergone numerous sieges.

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  • As far as we know.  I didn't see her enter the portal, but one of our spies was in her fortress when she entered the chamber you indicated.

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  • He replaced the necklace around his neck and strode back to the fortress, his new home for eternity.

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  • He was far enough away from the Sanctuary's fortress not to cause a threat to those there, so long as the two people buffering him stayed close.

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  • The guards on the fortress walls had bunched together to watch and draw poison- tipped arrows.

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  • It was just after dawn, and the fortress was silent.

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  • He walked back to the fortress, hoping the cold night air cleared his mind.

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  • She stood on a covered landing of a fortress made of black stones overlooking a parched desert beneath dual suns too faded to provide anything other than indirect light.

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  • It had been the night she left the forest fortress, the night she was captured.

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  • Mind, driven from the field of extension, erects its last fortress in the pineal gland.

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  • Ully obeyed.  They crept through the hallways, avoiding any that seemed crowded.  Toby followed the directions he saw in his memories and led them to a small chamber near the center of the fortress.  They entered and closed the door, seeing the open portal hovering in the middle.  He took Ully's hand, and they stepped into it.

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  • Both were sweating by the time he saw their destination: a stone fortress nestled inside the forest.

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  • Golitsuin it was who suggested taking refuge in that strong fortress and won over the boyars of the opposite party.

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  • Built into the mountain, half the fortress was tucked into the stone of a small peak.

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  • Deidre went obediently with her towards the fortress, numb and nauseous.

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  • from Narva, whence it signalled its approach to the beleaguered fortress, and early on the following morning it advanced in battle array.

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  • A fortnight later Charles quitted Warsaw, to seek the elector; on the 2nd of July routed the combined Poles and Saxons at Klissow; and three weeks later, captured the fortress of Cracow by an act of almost fabulous audacity.

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  • By the time the army reached the little Ukrainian fortress of Hadjacz in January 1709, wine and spirits froze into solid masses of ice; birds on the wing fell dead; saliva congealed on its passage from the mouth to the ground.

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  • The frost broke at the end of February 1709, and then the spring floods put an end to all active operations till May, when Charles began the siege of the fortress of Poltava, which he wished to make a base for subsequent operations while awaiting reinforcements from Sweden and Poland.

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  • Sensing him, the large vamp stopped walking to the fortress built into the mountain and faced him.

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  • The vamp strode towards the fortress and cut through a trail to the rocky area to the west.

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  • Jake led him into the Gregorian mansion, whose stone walls resembled an old school fortress.

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  • Another thought occurred to her as she thought about Katie, the half-demon's mate she met when last at the fortress.

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  • The landing overlooked the parched desert surrounding the black fortress.

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  • He stepped aside, out of the way to the corridor leading into the fortress.

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  • Deidre bolted, silently willing a portal to appear as she sprinted into the fortress.

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  • The air was hot and dry, the two suns too dim to shed much light into the black fortress.

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  • The only innocent soul in Hell, for Wynn's was as black as the stone blocks of Hell's fortress.

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  • They'll have more for you at the fortress.

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  • The massive lake was roughly round with a panhandle on the side nearest the fortress.

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  • His gaze drifted towards the fortress.

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  • He led her through the stronghold and into the courtyard and garden area between the walls and the fortress.

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  • You may not want to leave the fortress.

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  • Meeting the Dark One so close to the fortress, then, was not an option.

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  • Gabriel glanced towards the fortress.

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  • Stay at the fortress.

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  • It sounded as if half a legion of armed Immortals was chasing someone through the fortress.

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  • His peace ruined, he rose and strode into the fortress.

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  • Rhyn and several other Immortals spilled out of the fortress.

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  • He pointed to the fortress.

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  • She ran up the gravel road leading to the wooden door in the fortress.

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  • He followed the instinct that led him to Deidre and trotted up the stairs leading to the top of the fortress.

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  • Not wanting anyone to interfere with her plan for air, she drew a deep breath and asked the portal system to take her outside the stone fortress.

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  • Crossing through, she emerged outside, in the forest, a short distance outside the low walls around the massive fortress.

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  • It was built on high ground, and the forest sloped downward and away from the fortress.

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  • It was roughly round with a narrow panhandle that was closest to the fortress.

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  • He pushed the thought away and took a portal to the lake near the Immortals' fortress.

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  • Deidre trailed him numbly from the landing into the fortress.

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  • Gabriel's lover and master, the deity Death, materialized beside him at the Oracle's altar in the center of an ancient fortress in the Sanctuary.

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  • It wasn't in the barracks of Kris's fortress.

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  • I'm allowed to roam the fortress.

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  • "This stream leads to the Lake of Souls then beyond to Death's fortress," Gabe said and stood.

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  • There are signs when Death is in her fortress.  I might be able to see the trees in their defensive positions from here.

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  • I think we have a better chance if we go to Death's fortress.

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  • Finally, he broke through the thatch of branches and leaves blocking most of the sun.  The day was darkening.  In the distance, he saw the massive fortress that was Death's, and he saw the Lake of Souls he'd seen in angel memories.  He saw birds but couldn't see through the jungle to where Katie might be.  The branch holding him swayed in a heavy wind that smelled of rain.

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  • Present Day Fortress of the Black God

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  • They weren't far from the Black God's mountain fortress.

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  • Why were the Others lurking in the forest outside the Black God's fortress, if not to kill them all?

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  • She watched vamps go in and out of the fortress.

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  • Jenn sheathed her weapons and started down the peak above the Black God's mountain fortress.

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  • Darian asked, taking in the vamps outside the doorway of the Black God's fortress.

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  • He'd planned on asking her about it this morning, before the summons took her and Jonny from the mountain fortress.

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  • "I know you're not paying room and board, but you're running up the bill," the Black God said from inside the fortress.

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  • Rather than submit to her unspoken challenge, he took the horse's reins and led the exhausted beast inside the fortress.

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  • Taran glanced warily toward him as he led the horse toward stables nestled along one wall of the stone fortress.

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  • Taran handed off the horse to a stable hand and turned to watch as Sirian took Rissa's arm, leading her into a squat stone building at the center of the fortress.

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  • The fortress was rebuilt, and after 280 served the Aetolians as a bulwark against Celts and Macedonians.

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  • But on the 2nd of October the fortress, which had been heroically defended, was taken by assault.

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  • Tubingen is mentioned as a strong fortress in 1078, and was ruled from 1148 by counts palatine.

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  • Goritza), 10,000; Elbassan (perhaps ancient Albanopolis), 8000; Metzovo, 7500; Preveza, 650o; Avlona, 6000; Durazzo, 5000; Parga, 5000; Butrinto, 2000; and Kroia, the ancient fortress of Scanderbeg, 5000.

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  • A portion of Basil's new city was surrounded with strong walls and turned into a fortress by Justinian; and within the walls, rebuilt in the 13th and 16th centuries, lies the greater part of Kaisarieh, altitude 3500 ft.

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  • It was originally built in 1781 as a frontier fortress of the Turks against Russia.

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  • Like Kepler and all his contemporaries he believed in astrology, and he certainly also had some faith in the power of magic, for there is extant a deed written in his own handwriting containing a contract between himself and Robert Logan of Restalrig, a turbulent baron of desperate character, by which Napier undertakes "to serche and sik out, and be al craft and ingyne that he dow, to tempt, trye, and find out" some buried treasure supposed to be hidden in Logan's fortress at Fastcastle, in consideration of receiving one-third part of the treasure found by his aid.

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  • He died in the fortress prison of San Leo in 1795.

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  • The French colonial (formerly marine) infantry, recruited by voluntary enlistment, comprises 18 regiments and 5 independent battalions (of which 12 regiments are at home), 74 batteries of field, fortress and mountain artillery (of which 32 are at home), with a few cavalry and engineers, &c., and other services in proportion.

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  • The situation of the town proper, on a small triangular islet only connected with the mainland by three moles and bridges at the angles, has always rendered its fortification comparatively easy, and down to 1873 it was a fortress of the first rank.

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  • of the Temple and probably formed the basis of the citadel built by Simon Maccabaeus, which again was succeeded by the fortress of Antonia, constructed by Herod the Great, and one of the most important positions at the time of the siege by Titus.

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  • Some writers place it north of the Temple on the site afterwards occupied by the fortress of Antonia, but such a position is not in accord with the descriptions either in Josephus or in the books of the Maccabees, which are quite consistent with each other.

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  • He also built the great fortress of Antonia, N.W.

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  • He explains clearly how Titus, beginning his attack from the north, captured the third or outer wall, then the second wall,'` and finally the fortress of Antonia, the Temple, and the upper city.

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  • The " castle of Istakhr " played a conspicuous part several times during the Mahommedan period as a strong fortress.

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  • In 1309 it was conquered by the Knights Hospitallers of St John of Jerusalem at the instigation of the pope and the Genoese, and converted into a great fortress for the protection of the southern seas against the Turks.

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  • Even the great fortress of Castra Vetera (Xanten) was starved.

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  • It remained in the hands of the Romans during both the Punic and the Social Wars, and was a fortress of importance to them.

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  • In the time of Timur Fujah was a fortress of Sarukhan, but had been previously in Genoese hands.

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  • As a frontier fortress it underwent many sieges.

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  • The fortress was finally stormed on the 6th of April 1812, by the British under Lord Wellington, and carried with terrible loss.

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  • Nor did these complications prevent him from recovering the fortress of Galamboc from the Turks, successfully invading Servia, and reasserting the suzerainty of the Hungarian crown over Bosnia.

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  • Thus, in 1480, when a Turkish fleet seized Otranto, Matthias, at the earnest solicitation of the pope, sent Balasz Magyar to recover the fortress, which surrendered to him on the 10th of May 1481.

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  • The garrison artillery consists of 3 coast and 3 fortress regiments, with a total of 72 companies.

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  • The fortress town of Alessandria stopped his progress with those mud walls contemptuously named of straw, while the forces of the league assembled at Modena and obliged him to raise the siege.

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  • Piedmont was organized in six departments on the model of those of France, and a number of French veterans were settled by Napoleon in and near the fortress of Alessandria.

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  • He sent Joseph Bonaparte and Massna southwards with a strong column, compelled the Anglo-Russian forces to evacuati Naples, and occupied the south of the peninsula with littli opposition except at the fortress of Gaeta.

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  • pal ~dom On the 13th of February the fortress surrendered, sol Francis and his family having departed by sea for lasi al territory.

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  • He was shut thi in the fortress of Varignano, and after endless discussions as to Au jether he should be tried or not, the question was settled by an To ii hetti amnesty.

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  • In the course of the same year Thokoly captured fortress after fortress from the emperor and extended his dominions to the Waag.

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  • Delfzyl, which was formerly an important fortress for the protection of the ancient sluices on the little river Delf (hence its name), has greatly benefited by the construction of the Ems (Eems) shipcanal connecting it with Groningen, and has a good harbour with a considerable import trade in wood.

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  • Seized by the invaders, castle and town were later retaken in 1231 by Prince Llewelyn ap Iorwerth, who burned the fortress and slew its garrison.

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  • Soon the gloomy fortress of Triana, on the opposite bank of the Guadalquivir, was prepared as the palace of the Holy Office; and the terror-stricken Sevillianos read with dismay over the portals the motto of the Inquisition: "Exsurge, Domine, Judica causam tuam, Capite nobis vulpes."

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  • Sabzawar was once a city of considerable size, and still possesses a fortress with sides of about 200 or 250 yds.

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  • This fortress has been abandoned, and the town, which is the centre of a group of villages, is now fairly prosperous, with a bazaar of about Boo shops and a busy traffic with Seistan.

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  • of the town, laid out as a park, are the ruins of the old fortress, and a monument of Stephen Dob6, the heroic defender of the town against the assaults of the Turks in 1552.

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  • Meanwhile Dozsa had captured the city and fortress of Csanad, and signalized his victory by impaling the bishop and the castellan.

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  • A day's journey beyond this, on the Syrian side, stand the remains of ancient Sura, a frontier fortress of the Romans against the Parthians; 20 m.

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  • Hirmas) flows south through the land of Gozan in which Sargon settled the deported Israelites in 721 B.C. At the mouth of the Khabur stood the Roman frontier fortress of Circesium (Assyrian, Sirki; Arab.

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  • Between Salahiya and Deir, on an old canal, known in Arabic times as Said, leaving the Euphrates a little below Deir and rejoining it above Salahiya, stand the almost more picturesque ruins of the once important Arabic fortress of Rahba.

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  • 45-- 55) a Roman legionary fortress, held by Legio XIV.

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  • In the 16th century the city was the strongest Spanish fortress in the New World, excepting Cartagena, and gold and silver were brought hither by ship from Peru and were carried across the Isthmus to Chagres, but as Spain's fleets even in the Pacific were more and more often attacked in the 17th century, Panama became less important, though it was still the chief Spanish port on the Pacific. In 1671 the city was destroyed by Henry Morgan, the buccaneer; it was rebuilt in 1673 by Alfonzo Mercado de Villacorta about five miles west of the old site and nearer the roadstead.

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  • in 987; between 1018 and 1186, under Byzantine rule, it served as a frontier fortress.

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  • Aarau, an ancient fortress, was taken by the Bernese in 1415, and in 1798 became for a time the capital of the Helvetic republic. Eight miles by rail N.E.

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  • BOBRUISK, a town and formerly a first-class fortress of Russia, in the government of Minsk, and zoo m.

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  • The fortress built in 1364 by Cardinal Albornoz has been converted into a public garden.

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  • Next year (165 B.C.) Lysias himself entered the Idumaean country and laid siege to the fortress of Bethsura.

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  • But while the forces were besieging Bethzur and the fortress on Mount Zion, a pretender arose in Antioch, and Lysias was compelled to come to terms - and now with Judas.

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  • Eight hundred Jews who had held a fortress against him were crucified; 8000 Pharisees fled to Egypt and remained there.

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  • Grabusa, long regarded as an impregnable fortress, was surrendered in 1692, Suda (where the flags of Turkey and the four protecting powers are now hoisted) and Spinalonga in 1715.

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  • Under the Venetian government Candia, a fortress originally built by the Saracens, and called by them " Khandax," became the seat of government, and not only rose to be the capital and chief city of the island, but actually gave name to it, so that it was called in the official language of Venice " the island of Candia," a designation which from thence passed into modern maps.

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  • Its capital was Dumbarton (fortress of the Britons), then known as Alclyde.

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  • The palace, with its rock fortress, is called Fatehgarh.

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  • The " cave " is also spoken of as a " hold " or fortress, and this is everywhere the true reading.

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  • 3 Not until the district was cleared could Jerusalem be taken, and the capture of the almost impregnable Jebusite fortress furnished a centre for future action.

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  • It occupies the site of a fortress erected in the time of Alexander II., which was besieged in 1303 by Edward I.

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  • During the Thirty Years' War it was formed into a fortress by the imperialists, but they vacated it in 1631 to the Swedes, in whose possession it remained after the peace of Westphalia.

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  • The castle, which is in an excellent state of preservation, is built of red sandstone, on the site of a fortress supposed to have been erected in the 6th century, of which nothing now remains.

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  • The duchy of Warsaw and the fortress of Danzig formed new outworks of his power and enabled him to overawe Russia.

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  • On the lath of December, when the Swedish approaches had come within 280 paces of the fortress of Fredriksten, which the Swedes were closely besieging, Charles looked over the parapet of the foremost trench, and was shot through the head by a bullet from the fortress.

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  • Inside the fortress lies the old Protestant burying-ground, with tombs of Sackville, of John Murray, of Sir Francis Vincent, last ambassador but one from Great Britain to the republic, of Consul Smith, whose collection of books forms the nucleus of the King's library in the British Museum, and of Catherine Tofts, the singer, Smith's first wife.

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  • The road is covered by the fortress of Malborgeth, where Captain Hensel with a handful of men met with a heroic death defending the place against an overwhelming French force in the campaign of 1809.

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  • The town is situated on a rocky promontory, crowned by a Byzantine fortress, and has a growing trade.

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  • The town became a Moslem fortress and received a considerable Arab colony; for in the reign of Merwan II.

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  • In the middle ages it was a strong fortress defending the confines of Piedmont towards Liguria, but the fortifications on the rock above the town were demolished in 1800 by the French, to whom it had been ceded in 1796.

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  • NISIBIS (Nasibina in the Assyrian inscriptions), an ancient city and fortress in the north of Mesopotamia, near the point where the Mygdonius (mod.

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  • The place figured frequently as a frontier fortress in the wars of the Romans and the Parthians, its brick walls being unusually thick and its citadel very strong.

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  • To the east of the Dead Sea, again, lay a second strip of territory, in which the great fortress was Krak (Kerak) of the Desert, planted somewhere about 1140 by the royal butler, Paganus, in the reign of Fulk of Jerusalem.

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  • But the strength of the kingdom lay less perhaps in the army than in the magnificent fortresses which the nobility, and especially the two orders, had built; and the most visible relic of the crusades to-day is the towering ruins of a fortress like Krak (Kerak) des Chevaliers, the fortress of the Knights of St John in the principality of Tripoli.

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  • In the kingdom itself nothing was left to the Latins by the end of 1189 except the city of Tyre; and to the north of the kingdom they only held Antioch and Tripoli, with the Hospitallers' fortress at Margat.

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  • The army reached a fortress (erected by the sultan in 1219(afterwards, from 122 1, the town of Mansura),and encamped there at the end of July.

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  • Nagykanizsa once ranked as the second fortress of Hungary, and consequently played an important part during the wars with the Turks, who, having gained possession of it in 1600, held it until, in 1690, after a siege of two years, it was recovered by the Austrian and Hungarian forces.

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  • At the foot of the fortress of Mont Dauphin it receives (left) the Guil, which flows through the Queyras valley from near the foot of Monte Viso.

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  • 17) that it was " beneath " (157r6) the fortress.

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  • The Pelasgic wall enclosed the spring Clepsydra, beneath the north-western corner of the Acropolis, which furnished a watersupply to the defenders of the fortress.

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  • The site of the primitive Agora (apXaia etyopa) was probably in the hollow between the Acropolis and the Pnyx, which formed a convenient meetingplace for the dwellers on the north and south sides of the fortress as well as for its inhabitants.

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  • The Acropolis had been dismantled as a fortress after the expulsion of Hippias; its defenders against the Persians found it necessary to erect a wooden barricade at its entrance.

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  • The fortress of Breda, which was once considered impregnable, has been dismantled, but the town is still protected by extensive lines of fortification and lies in the midst of a district which can be readily laid under water.

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  • Havelberg was formerly a strong fortress, but in the Thirty Years' War it was taken from the Danish by the imperial troops in 1627.

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  • Hotels and villas were built in the new part of the town that sprang up outside the picturesque walled fortress, and there is quite a contrast between the part inside the heavy, half-ruined ramparts, with its narrow, steep streets and curious gable-roofed houses, its fine old church and castle and its massive town hall, and the new suburbs and fishermen's quarter facing the estuary of the Bidassoa.

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  • In a subsequent campaign (1521) these were more successful, but the fortress was retaken in 1524.

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  • From this date onwards coins bearing its Semitic name, Ras Melkart, become common, and it was obviously an important border fortress.

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  • This was used by Caesar as a fortress, where he stood a siege from the city mob after the battle of Pharsalus.

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  • Its castle, built on the site of an earlier British fortress, was destroyed (according to Leland) by the inhabitants to prevent its falling into the hands of Glendower.

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  • Of the fortress built by William the Conqueror in 1068 some portions were probably incorporated in Clifford's tower, the shell of which, showing an unusual ground plan of four intersecting circles, rises from an artificial mound.

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  • The fortress of Legio VI.

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  • It was an important fortress, and was ceded by the treaty of Cherasco (1796), with Ceva and Tortona, to the French.

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  • The artillery is divided into (a) field artillery, horse artillery, mountain artillery and howitzer regiments; (b) fortress artillery; (c) artillery depots.

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  • In 1355 Suleiman crossed over from Aidinjik and captured the fortress of Gallipoli, which was at once converted into a Turkish stronghold; from this base Bulair, Malgara, Ipsala and Rodosto were added to the Turkish possessions.

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  • While the fortress held out with difficulty Bayezid fell upon the besiegers like a thunderbolt.

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  • His death was, however, kept secret, and on the 8th the fortress fell.

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  • Meanwhile the Cretan campaign continued, and here also France lent her aid to the Venetians; this assistance could not, however, prevent the capture of Candia in 1669; on the 5th of September of that year Morosini, the Venetian commander, signed a treaty of peace with the Turks by which, after twenty-five years' warfare, they were placed in possession of the fortress of Candia, and with it of the effective rule over the whole island, Venice retaining only the fortresses of Suda, Grabusa and Spinalonga, and the islets along the coast.

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  • The treaty with Russia provided that Azov should be razed and its territory devastated to form a barrier, Russia having the right to erect a new fortress at Cherkask, an island in the Don, near Azov, and Turkey to build one on the border of Kuban near Azov.

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  • At the beginning of July the Russians, under Kamenskiy, were before Shumla; and a few days later the grand vizier and his army, their communications with the capital severed, were surrounded in the fortress.

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  • As the French columns coming up from the south and west gradually surrounded him, he drew in his troops under shelter of the fortress and its improvised entrenched camp, and on the 15th he found himself completely surrounded.

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  • To this Napoleon consented, but hardly had the agreement been signed than he succeeded in introducing a number of individual French soldiers into the fortress, who began rioting with the Austrian soldiery.

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  • The Welsh form of the name, Caerdydd (pronounced Caerdeeth, with the accent on the second syllable) suggests that the name means "the fort of (Aulus ?) Didius," rather than Caer Daf ("the fortress on the Taff"), which is nowhere found (except in Leland), though Caer Dyv once existed as a variant.

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  • Its noteworthy public buildings are the custom-house and its storehouses which occupy the old quadrangular fortress built by the Spanish government between 1770 and 1775, and cover 15 acres, the prefecture, the military and naval offices and barracks, the post-office, three Catholic churches, a hospital, market, three clubs and some modern commercial houses.

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  • Wellington, on the 9th of April 1811, directed General Spencer to invest Almeida; he then set off himself to join Beresford before Badajoz, but after reconnoitring the fortress with his lieutenant he had at once to return north on the news that Massena was moving to relieve Almeida.

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  • Hamburg probably had its origin in a fortress erected in 808 by Charlemagne, on an elevation between the Elbe and Alster, as a defence against the Sla y s, and called Hammaburg because of the surrounding forest (Hamme).

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  • It has a cathedral and a fortress, built on an island in the Neva, which is now used as a political prison.

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  • 19) calls it not a city, but a fortress, implying that it had none of the institutions of the Graeco-Roman city.

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  • Roman bricks, dug up in the fortress, bear the inscription, Legio IV.

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  • Up to the year 1862 not only was the fortress of Belgrade garrisoned by Turkish troops, but the Danubian slope of the town was inhabited by Turks, living under a special Turkish administration, while the modern part of the town (the plateau of the ridge and the western slope) was inhabited by Servians living under their own authorities.

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  • This dual government was a constant cause of friction between the Servians and the Turks, and on the occasion of one conflict between the two parties the Turkish commander of the fortress bombarded the Servian part of the town (June 1862).

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  • While still a lad he became successively bishop of Bremen, bishop of Verden and coadjutor of Halberstadt, while at the age of eighteen he was the chief commandant of the fortress of Stade.

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  • The chief ruin is that of an extensive fortress, the walls of which are 9 ft.

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  • During the French occupation (1800-1814), which began after the battle of Marengo, it was still more strongly fortified; the works were entirely destroyed by the Austrians in 1815, but were afterwards reconstructed, and Alessandria is still an important fortress and the headquarters of the second army corps.

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  • Frederick acted on the defensive with consummate skill, and the capture of the Prussian fortress of Kolberg on Christmas day O.S.

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  • CONFEDERATION OF BAR, a famous confederation of the Polish nobles and gentry formed at the little fortress of Bar in Podolia in 1768 to defend the internal and external independence of Poland against the aggressions of the Russian government as represented by her representative at Warsaw, Prince Nicholas Repnin.

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  • Ulm has long been a fortress of the first rank.

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  • The long straight lines of works which stretched to the plateau of the Michelsberg and formed the outworks of the main fortress on the left bank of the Danube were purchased in 1900 by the municipal authorities, in order to be levelled and laid out in streets for the extension of the town in this direction.

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  • The architectural unity of the fortress is due to the rapidity of its construction, which took place between 1230 and 1242, under Enguerrand III., lord of Coucy.

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  • Chinon (CaIno) existed before the Roman occupation of Gaul, and was from early times an important fortress.

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  • In 1308 Robert Bruce captured the fortress from the original owners, the MacDougalls, and gave it to the Campbells.

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  • seems to have erected a fortress of stone (c. row) on the site of the castle.

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  • Throughout the 12th and 13th centuries the castle was strengthened and enlarged under successive earls palatine of Pembroke, who made this fortress their chief seat.

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  • Bastia dates from the building of the Genoese fortress or "bastille" by Lionello Lomellino in 1383.

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  • The chief of these is occupied by the famous fortress Fredriksten, protected on three sides by precipices founded by Frederick III.

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  • The town has a special historical interest for the heroic and successful defence of the fortress by Nicolas Jurisics against a large army of Sultan Soliman, in July - August 1532, which frustrated the advance of the Turks to Vienna for that year.

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  • From its position it has always been the principal fortress of Navarre.

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  • It lay on the northern trunk-road to the Euphrates and was built round a strong fortress whose ruins crown the rocky hill west of the town.

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  • But notwithstanding the attractions of the abbey and the neighbouring chase, the royal palace continued for centuries to be within the fortress,.

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  • The fortress of Tokaj and the counties of Bereg, Szatmar and Ugocsa were at the same time ceded to Bocskay, with reversion to Austria if he should die childless.

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  • Geoffrey occupied the border fortress of Alencon with the good will of the inhabitants.

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  • And finally by an agreement with Cosimo de' Medici, duke of Florence, the Spaniards were sent away on the 5th August 1552 and the Sienese took possession of their fortress.

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  • The town dates from the 13th century, being originally a fortress built for protection against the Bohemians.

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  • As a fortress Besancon forms one of a group which includes Dijon, Langres and Belfort; these are designed to secure Franche Comte and to cover a field army operating on the left flank of a German army of invasion.

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  • He was taken prisoner on the 10th of May by Federal troops near Irwinville, Irwin county, Georgia, and was brought back to Old Point, Virginia, in order to be confined in prison at Fortress Monroe.

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  • On returning to Buda in 1439, he at once plunged into a war with the Turks, who had, in the meantime, captured the important Servian fortress of Semendria and subjugated the greater part of Bosnia.

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  • At that critical hour it was at his own expense that Hunyadi fortified Belgrade, now the sole obstacle between Hungary and destruction, with the sole assistance of the Franciscan friar Giovanni da Capistrano, equipped the fleet and the army which relieved the beleaguered fortress and overthrew Mahommed II.

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  • In 1663 he invaded royal Hungary, with the intention of uniting all the Magyars against the emperor, but, the Magyars steadily refusing to attend any diet summoned under Turkish influence, his plan fell through, and his only notable military success was the capture of the fortress of Ersekujvar (Neuhausel).

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  • Zrinyi captured fortress after fortress, and interrupted the Turkish communications by destroying the famous bridge of Esseg, while Montecuculi defeated the grand vizier at the battle of St Gothard (Aug.

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  • The fortress of Ersekujvar and surrounding territory were now ceded to the Turks, with the result that royal Hungary was not only still further diminished, but its northern practically separated from its southern portion.

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  • 16, 1645), the last political triumph of Hungarian Protestantism, whereby the emperor was forced to confirm once more the oft-broken articles of the peace of Vienna, 1 The counties of Szatmar, Ugocsa and Bereg and the fortress of Tokaj were formally ceded to him.

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  • In polite literature the heroic poem Zrinyidsz (1651), descriptive of the fall of Sziget, by Nicholas Zrinyi, grandson of the defender of that fortress, marks a new era in Hungarian poetry.

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  • Ruins of a fortress crown the rock of Harlech, about half a mile from the sea.

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  • The fortress, built by Christian IV.

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  • In 1658 it surrendered to the Swedes; but by the defeat of the latter under the walls of the fortress on the 24th of November 1659, the country was freed from their dominion.

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  • In 1808 the Marquis La Romana, who with a body of Spanish troops garrisoned the fortress for France, revolted from his allegiance, and held out till he and a portion of his men escaped with the English fleet.

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  • The latter visited the Paulician fortress Tephrike to treat for the release of Byzantine prisoners.

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  • A fortress, called Sheppey Castle, is said to have existed from an early period for guarding the passage of the Swale river.

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  • The castle is alleged to have been built by William I., and was converted from a fortress in the fens into an episcopal palace between 1471 and 1473.

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  • But three years later this imperious leader was checked by the heroic resistance of the " Maiden " fortress of Magdeburg; though two years later still she lost her reputation, and suffered unspeakable horrors at the hands of Tilly's lawless and unlicensed soldiery.

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  • Beyer's division (Federal fortress garrisons) at Wetzlar.

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  • Profiting by the experience gained during the Athenian siege, he included in his new lines the whole plateau of Epipolae, with a strong fortress at Euryelus, its apex on the west; the total length of the outer lines (excluding the fortifications of the island) has been calculated at about 12 m.

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  • The younger Dionysius had been allowed to retire to Corinth; his island fortress was destroyed and replaced by a court of justice.

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  • The strong fortress of Euryelus held out for a time, but, being now isolated, it soon had to surrender.

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  • It now bears the ruins of a mighty fortress, finer than that which defends the entrance to the acropolis of Selinus - the most imposing, indeed, that has come down to us from the Greek period - which there is no doubt is the work of Dionysius.

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  • Among secular buildings, there is none more venerable than the Tower of London (q.v.), the moated fortress which overlooks the Thames at the eastern boundary of the City.

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  • The line from Bishopsgate ran eastward to St Giles's churchyard (Cripplegate), where it turned to the south as far as Falcon square; again westerly by Aldersgate round the site of the Greyfriars (afterwards Christ's Hospital) towards Giltspur Street, then south by the Old Bailey to Ludgate, and then down to the Thames, where Dr Edwin Freshfield suggests that a Roman fortress stood on the site of Baynard's Castle.

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  • Here was a residence of the Mercian kings, and, after being bestowed on the Marmions by William the Conqueror, the castle remained for many years an important fortress.

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  • Between the two rivers, but somewhat farther inland, stood Sylleum, a strong fortress, which even ventured to defy the arms of Alexander.

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  • He had been disappointed that the command of the large contingent of the nizam was given to Colonel Arthur Wellesley; and when after the capture of the fortress the same officer obtained the governorship, Baird judged himself to have been treated with injustice and disrespect.

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  • In 1755 the yuva raja, the king of Pegu's brother, was equally unsuccessful, after which the Peguans were driven from Bassein and the adjacent country, and were forced to withdraw to the fortress of Syriam, distant 1 2 m.

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  • Here they enjoyed a brief repose, Alompra being called away to quell an insurrection of his own subjects, and to repel an invasion of the Siamese; but returning victorious, he laid siege to the fortress of Syriam and took it by surprise.

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  • In the Autobiography of Jahangir it is stated that the guru was imprisoned in the fortress of Gwalior, with a view to the realization of the fine imposed on his father Guru Arjan, but the Sikhs believe that the guru became a voluntary inmate of the fortress with the object of obtaining seclusion there to pray for the emperor who had been advised to that effect by his Hindu astrologers.

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  • The Mahommedans promptly responded to the challenge, for the danger was too serious to be neglected; the Sikh army was dispersed and two of Guru Govind Singh's sons were murdered at Sirhind by the governor of that fortress, and his mother died of grief at the cruel death of her grandchildren.

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  • About this time (the exact chronology is uncertain) Ethelstan expelled Sihtric's brother Guthfrith, destroyed the Danish fortress at York, received the submission of the Welsh at Hereford, fixing their boundary along the line of the Wye, and drove the Cornishmen west of the Tamar, fortifying Exeter as an English city.

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  • Formerly it was fortified, but after the change in the defensive system of Belgium in 1858 the fortress was dismantled and its ramparts superseded by boulevards.

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  • This tower formed part of the donjon of the fortress erected by Baldwin IV., count of Hainaut, about the year 1150.

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  • A ferry plies across the Danube to the Bulgarian fortress of Nicopolis.

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  • After a reign of 14 years Sumuabi was succeeded by his son Sumu-la-ilu, in the fifth year of whose reign the fortress of Babylon was built, and the city became for the first time a capital.

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  • The duration of John's ministry cannot be determined with certainty: it terminated in his imprisonment in the fortress of Machaerus, to which he had been committed by Herod Antipas, whose incestuous marriage with Herodias, the Baptist had sternly rebuked.

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  • The most important of them are Termessus, near the frontier of Lycia, a strong fortress in a position of great natural strength and commanding one of the principal passes into Pamphylia; Cremna, another mountain fortress, north of the preceding, impending over the valley of the Cestrus; Sagalassus, a little farther north, a large town in a strong position, the ruins of which are among the most remarkable in Asia Minor; Selge, on the right bank of the Eurymedon, surrounded by rugged mountains, notwithstanding which it was in Strabo's time a large and opulent city; and Antioch, known for distinction's sake as Antioch of Pisidia, and celebrated for the visit of St Paul.

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  • In 57 1 a new war with Rome broke out about Armenia, in which Chosroes conquered the fortress Dara on the Euphrates, invaded Syria and Cappadocia, and returned with large booty.

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  • above the valley, the fortress and palace of the imams, now replaced by the Turkish military hospital, the suburb of Bir el Azab with its scattered houses and gardens, the Jews' quarter and the village of Rauda, a few miles to the north in a fertile, irrigated plain which Niebuhr compares to that of Damascus.

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  • The best general view is obtained from the Oberhaus, an old fortress, now used as a prison, which crowns a hill 300 ft.

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  • The strong fortress of the Oberhaus was taken by the Austrians in 1742, and again in 1805.

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  • The fortress grew in importance, and was afterwards made a municipium; and here Marcus Aurelius died in 180.

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  • So important was this traffic held at Constantinople that, when the portage to the Don was endangered by the irruption of a fresh horde of Turks (the Petchenegs), the emperor Theophilus himself despatched the materials and the workmen to build for the Khazars a fortress impregnable to their forays (834).

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  • Shuja was defeated and fled to Arakan, where he perished; Mahommed was captured, thrown into the fortress of Gwalior, and died after seven years' confinement.

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  • BAYAZID, or Bajazet, a border fortress of Asiatic Turkey, chief town of a sanjak of the Erzerum vilayet, situated close to the frontiers of Russia and Persia, and looking across a marshy plain to the great cone of Ararat, at a general altitude of 6000 ft.

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  • The cuneiform inscriptions are on the rock pinnacles above the town, with some rock chambers, indicating a town or fortress of the Vannic period.

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  • Being situated on the coast road (Via Aemilia) it was important as a frontier fortress against Liguria, to which, and not to Etruria, it really belonged, perhaps, up to the time of Sulla, the actual boundary lying between it and Vada Volaterrana (mod.

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  • The Spaniards remained at Goletta and made it a strong fortress, they also occupied the island of Jerba and some points on the south-east coast; but the interior was a prey to anarchy and civil war, until in 1570 'Ali-Pasha of Algiers utterly defeated IIamid, the son and successor of Masan, and occupied Tunis.

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  • During the regency of Sophia, sister of Peter the Great, he was sent to the Amur to defend the new Muscovite fortress of Albazin against the Chinese.

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  • He then proceeded to build a fortress there and gradually compelled the surrounding tribes to pay him tribute, extending his conquests in all directions (883-903) at the expense of the Khazars, who hitherto had held all southern Russia to tribute.

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  • The entrance from Chesapeake Bay is defended by Fortress Monroe on Old Point Comfort and by Fort Wood on a small island called the Rip Raps near the middle of the channel; and at Portsmouth, a few miles up the Elizabeth river, is, an important United States navy-yard.

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  • the steam frigates "Minnesota," and "Roanoke," the sailing frigate "St Lawrence," and several gun-boats, anchored off Fortress Monroe.

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  • In 1745 he was commander-in-chief of the New England force of about 4000, which, with the assistance of a British squadron under Commodore Peter Warren, besieged and captured the French fortress of Louisburg, the garrison surrendering on the 16th of June and Pepperrell and Warren taking possession on the following day.

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  • Byelgorod, "white town"), a town, formerly a fortress, of south-west Russia, in the government of Bessarabia, situated on the right bank of the estuary (liman) of the Dniester, 1 2 m.

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  • But when Candia was attacked by a large force, under the terrible vizir Keuprili, Morosini was sent to relieve the fortress in 1667; the siege lasted eighteen months, but Morosini, in spite of his prodigies of valour, was forced to surrender to save the surviving inhabitants.

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  • On the 4th of July 1863 the great fortress surrendered with 29, 49 1 men, this being one of the most important victories won by the Union arms in the whole war.

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  • Mayence) a city, episcopal see and fortress of Germany, situated on the left bank of the Rhine, almost opposite the influx of the Main, at the junction of the important main lines of railway from Cologne to Mannheim and Frankfort-onMain, 25 m.

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  • In 1814 it was restored to Germany and in 1816 it was handed over to the grand duke of Hesse; it remained, however, a fortress of the German confederation and was garrisoned by Prussian and Austrian troops.

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  • Since 1871 it hasJbeen a fortress of the German Empire.

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  • Thankmar, aided by an influential Saxon noble named Wichmann, and by Eberhard of Franconia, seized the fortress of Eresburg and took Otto's brother Henry prisoner; but soon afterwards he was defeated by the king and killed whilst taking sanctuary.

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  • The site was purchased from the Zenata Berbers, in the 8th century, by Idris-bin-Abdallah, who began the building of a new city named Agadir (Berber, the fortress).

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  • This old factory has also played its part in the civil wars of the country since 1840, becoming a fortress whenever Queretaro became involved in military operations.

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  • The new fortress, built in 1763, although small, was formidable, and played a great role during the Hungarian struggle for independence in 1849.

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  • The fortress was recaptured shortly after the surrender of G6rgei to the Russians at Vilagos.

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  • The fortress is now used as an ammunition depot.

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  • The works erected by the Turks for the capture of the fortress of Arad formed the nucleus of the new town.

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  • Its name (cathair, stone fortress) implies a high antiquity and the site of the castle, picturesquely placed on an island in the river, was occupied from very early times.

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  • The antiquities consist of cairns and tumuli; the remains of the fortress of Emain near the city of Armagh, once the residence of the kings of Ulster; and Danes Cast, an extensive fortification in the south-east of the county, near Poyntzpass, extending into Co.

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  • Calais, formerly a celebrated fortress, is defended by four forts, not of modern construction, by a citadel built in 1560, which overlooks it on the west, and by batteries.

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  • The great strategic importance of Dijon as a centre of railways and roads, and its position with reference to an invasion of France from the Rhine, have led to the creation of a fortress forming part of the Langres group. There is no enceinte, but on the east side detached forts, 3 to 4 m.

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  • It became a fortress of great importance under Sindhia in 1759, and was the depot where he drilled and organized his battalions in the European fashion with the aid of De Boigne.

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  • His attacks on the Bokharan fortress of Ura-tyube were however unsuccessful, and the country rose against him.

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  • He also erected the stately fortress of Kronborg, to guard the narrow channel of the Sound.

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  • Its citadel was founded as a Christian fortress after the defeat of the Moors at Las Navas de Tolosa (1212).

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  • After the fall of Napoleon he took part in Wurttemberg politics, was expelled from Stuttgart and Heidelberg, and soon afterwards arrested at Frankfurt, delivered over to the Prussian authorities and condemned to fourteen years' fortress imprisonment for his alleged publication of state secrets in his memoirs.

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  • Roads were purposely neglected under the Russian regime in the frontier area, Kovno itself being then a first-class fortress.

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  • Near the site of the modern Marlborough (Merleberge, Marieberge) was originally a Roman castrum called Cunetio, and later there was a Norman fortress in which William I.

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  • And, when Henry had succeeded to the crown on the announcement of Baldwin's death, it was Villehardouin who fetched home his bride Agnes of Montferrat, and shortly afterwards commanded under him in a naval battle with the ships of Theodore Lascaris at the fortress of Cibotus.

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  • A fortress defended the north-west corner of the town, and was captured by the English from the Mahrattas in October 1803.

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  • The fortress was an important bulwark against English invasion, and the town - which was created a royal burgh by David II.

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  • There was a praefectus classis Comensis under the late empire, and it was regarded as a strong fortress.

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  • Tarnopol was formerly a fortress, and rendered valuable services to Polish kings, who in their turn conferred upon it important privileges.

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  • Making for the fortress of Newark, Lincoln and Sir Thomas Broughton, at the head of their motley forces, and accompanied by Simnel, attacked the royal army near the village of Stoke-on-Trent on the 16th of June 1487.

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  • About the beginning of the 16th century, Belfast is described as a town and fortress, but it was in reality a mere fishing village in the hands of the house of O'Neill.

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  • The O'Neills, always opposed to the English, had forfeited every baronial right; but in 1552 Hugh O'Neill of Clandeboye promised allegiance to the reigning monarch, and obtained the castle of Carrickfergus, the town and fortress of Belfast, and all the surrounding lands.

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  • The turbulent successors of O'Neill having been routed by the English, the town and fortress were obtained by grant dated the 16th of November 1571 by Sir Thomas Smith, a favourite of Queen Elizabeth, but were afterwards forfeited by him to the lord deputy Sir Arthur Chichester, who, in 1612, was created Baron Chichester of Belfast.

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  • Since the British occupation it was disputed whether the military authorities had the right to alienate for the benefit of the imperial exchequer fortress sites no longer required for defence.

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  • From 1797 Onwards, When The French Took It, It Frequently Appears In History As An Important Fortress, Until Lamoriciere Capitulated Here On The 29Th Of September 1860, Eleven Days After His Defeat At Castelfidardo.

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  • Having taken Farama (Pelusium), he advanced to Misr, north of the ancient Memphis, and besieged it and the strong fortress of Babylon for seven months.

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  • During the Frankish occupation its place was taken by the fortress of Nikli.

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  • METZ, a town, first-class fortress and episcopal see of Germany, in the imperial province of Alsace-Lorraine, capital of (German) Lorraine, on the Moselle, 99 m.

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  • As a fortress, Metz has always been of the highest importance, and throughout history down to 1870 it had never succumbed to an enemy, thus earning for itself the name of La pucelle.

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  • the fortress was strengthened by a circle of detached forts, which, after 1870, were modified and completed by the Germans, who treated the fortress as the principal pivot of offensive operations against France.

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  • Of this fact the Germans were well aware, and hence they decided from the first to reduce the place by hunger, calculating that with the extra 150,000 men thrown back upon the fortress, its food supplies could not last very long.

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  • There was no real deficiency of ammunition and stores in the fortress, and provisions for forty days were reported in hand.

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  • This temple had been razed and a fortress built upon its ruins, in the Greek or Seleucid period, some of the bricks found bearing the inscription in Aramaic and Greek of a certain Hadad-nadin-akhe, king of a small Babylonian kingdom.

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  • It was beneath this fortress that the numerous statues of Gudea were found, which constitute the gem of the Babylonian collections at the Louvre.

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  • These had been decapitated and otherwise mutilated, and thrown into the foundations of the new fortress.

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  • After the time of Gudea, Lagash seems to have lost its importance; at least we know nothing more about it until the construction of the Seleucid fortress mentioned, when it seems to have become part of the Greek kingdom of Characene.

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  • deep into the most formidable part of the hostile fortress, routed the four enemy divisions in its front and taken 4,200 prisoners and 70 guns.

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  • Petrovaradin), a royal free town and fortress of Hungary in the county of Syrmia, Croatia-Slavonia; situated on a promontory formed by a loop of the Danube, 62 m.

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  • The fortifications consist of the upper fortress, on a lofty serpentine rock rising abruptly from the plain on three sides, and of the lower fortress at the northern base of the rock.

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  • In the lower fortress is the town, with a military hospital, and an arsenal containing trophies captured from the Turks.

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  • During the revolutionary struggles of 1848-49 the fortress was held by the insurgents for a short time.

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  • But the fortress of Fredriksodde (Fredericia) held Charles's little army at bay from mid-August to mid-October, while the fleet of Denmark, after a stubborn two days' battle, compelled the Swedish fleet to abandon its projected attack on the Danish islands.

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  • The powerful Dutch fortress of Maastricht was masked, and the French then moved towards Dusseldorf.

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  • Louis' own army, originally collected for the relief of Charleroi in December, advanced on Maastricht, and after a brief siege, in which Vauban directed the besiegers, captured this most important fortress (June 29th, 1673).

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  • This fortress fell on the 12th of November, and the troops of the coalition gained possession of an unbroken line from Amsterdam to the Breisgau, while Louis' German allies (Cologne and Munster), now isolated, had to make peace at once.

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  • The chief event of the campaign of 1677 in the Netherlands was the siege of Valenciennes, which fortress was invested by Louis in the first weeks of the campaigning season.

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  • In 1890 Sevastopol was made a third-class fortress, and the commercial port has been transferred to Theodosia.

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  • The fortress of the Malatesta, constructed in 1349, has been in the main destroyed; the part of it which remains is now a prison.

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  • in height, to the south-east of the town stands the former fortress of Plassenburg, during the 14th and 15th centuries the residence of the margraves of Bayreuth, called also margraves of Brandenburg-Kulmbach.

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  • With Nepet and ten other Latin colonies it refused further help in the Hannibalic War in 209 B.C. Its importance as a fortress explains, according to Festus, the proverb Sutrium ire, of one who goes on important business, as it occurs in Plautus.

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  • Pirot has a medieval fortress, believed to have been built on the site of the Roman fortress Quimedava, on the military road leading from Old Naissus to Philippopolis.

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  • In his fifth year Tiglath-Pileser attacked Comana in Cappadocia, and placed a record of his victories engraved on copper plates in a fortress he built to secure his Cilician conquests.

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  • By modifications of the treaty of Vienna the garrisoning of the fortress of Luxemburg had passed into Prussian hands, an arrangement which lasted until 1867.

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  • The treaty of London, signed on the 11th of May 1867, decided that the Prussian garrison must be withdrawn and the fortress dismantled, which was done in 1872.

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  • In 1249 he led an expedition to Finland, built the fortress of Tavastthus, and thus laid the foundations of Sweden's oversea empire.

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  • Begun in 1666 its usefulness as a fortress has long ceased, but it serves to link the city to its past.

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  • A little more than twelve months later, a coup d'etat placed the tsesarevna Elizabeth on the throne (December 6, 1741), and Ivan and his family were imprisoned in the fortress of Diinamtinde (Ust Dvinsk) (December 1 3, 1742) after a preliminary detention a Riga, from whence the new empress had at first decided to send them home to Brunswick.

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  • Rumours of his confinement at Kholmogory having leaked out, he was secretly transferred to the fortress of Schliisselburg (1756), where he was still more rigorously guarded, the very commandant of the fortress not knowing who "a certain arrestant" committed to his care really was.

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  • The history of Aberystwyth may be said to date from the time of Gilbert Strongbow, who in 1109 erected a fortress on the present Castle Hill.

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  • The castle was originally a Saxon fortress, and was rebuilt on the erection of the walls.

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  • Then turning his attention to the count of Blois, he proceeded to establish a fortress at Langeais, a few miles from Tours, from which, thanks to the intervention of the king Hugh Capet, Odo failed to oust him.

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  • It is an important fortress, forming the principal point d'appui of the line of defensive inundations called the "New Holland Water Line," in addition to its position as a railway centre.

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  • It consists of an old town with narrow and irregular streets and the remains of a fortress and ramparts, and a new town which possesses regular and spacious streets and many fine houses.

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  • KONIGSBERG (Polish Krolewiec), a town of Germany, capital of the province of East Prussia and a fortress of the first rank.

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  • Konigsberg is a naval and military fortress of the first order.

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  • 20); but they evidently recovered their independence, and we find that twice within a short time the northern Israelites laid siege to the border fortress of Gibbethon (r Kings xv.

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  • Smith), the stepping-off point for the invasion of Egypt, and the fortress which, next in importance to Lachish, barred the maritime road to Phoenicia and Syria.'

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  • In building the fortress of Sacsahuaman, heights had to be scaled; in Tiahuanaco stones weighing 4 00 tons were carried seventeen miles; in the edifices of 011antaytambo not only were large stones hauled up an ascent, but were fitted perfectly.

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  • The importance of a large arsenal is such that its defences would be on the scale of those of a large fortress.

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  • Besides being a fortress the kasbah formerly contained a palace of the beys, barracks for janissaries and bagnios for the Christian slaves.

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  • Along the front of his fortress was built a heavy detached wall, loop-holed for fire, and sufficiently high to be a most formidable obstacle.

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  • He was made a general of division, and Napoleon sent him to the important fortress of Antwerp as governor.

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  • His first act was to lay siege to the fortress of Chateauneuf-Randon, but on the eve of its surrender the constable died on the 13th of July 1380.

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  • Within four weeks the Ottoman Empire had lost Macedonia and Albania except the fortress and district of Yanina whose garrison as yet lay outside the area of operations.

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  • The fortress of Adrianople, containing a large Turkish garrison, was thus isolated and left to Bulgarian investment.

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  • This great fortress was taken by assault, in which Serbian troops bore a part, during the last days of March, and a second armistice was arranged soon afterwards.

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  • It was one of the empire's historical fronts; beyond it lay the traditional Russian enemy; on the hither side was the Ottoman fortress of Erzerum, the greatest place of arms in Asia Minor.

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  • The fortress of Graudenz, which since 1873 has been used as a barracks and a military depot and prison, is situated on a steep eminence about 12 m.

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  • The name denotes "the fortress of Camulos," the Celtic Mars.

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  • But it revived, and most of its fine Moslem mosque and fortress architecture, still extant, belongs to the reign of Sultan Kalaun (1282) and the succeeding century, during which Abulfeda describes it as a very strong place.

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  • Reinaud thought of the Seleucid era, which is not impossible; but Halevy observes that the fortress of Mawiyyat (now Hisn Ghorab) bears the date 640, and is said to have been erected " when the Abyssinians overran the country and destroyed the king of Himyar and his princes."

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  • The third Minaean fortress, probably identical with the Kapva of the Greeks, lies in the middle of the northern Jauf, and north of the other two.

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  • Elsass-Lothringen), a German imperial territory (since 1871), consisting of the former French province Alsace (then divided into the departments of Haut-Rhin and Bas-Rhin), together with its capital Strassburg, and German Lorraine (which included the department of the Moselle and portions of the departments of Meurthe and Vosges), together with the capital and fortress of Metz.

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  • GEOK-TEPE, a former fortress of the Turkomans, in Russian Transcaspia, in the oasis of Akhal-tekke, on the Transcaspian railway, 28 m.

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  • For several miles above Antung the rivers Yalu and Aiho are 1 Not, as is often assumed, the fortress itself.

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  • 2 It was at this moment of doubt that Alexeiev, leaving Port Arthur just in time and profoundly impressed with the precarious state of affairs in the fleet and the fortress, gave the order, as commander Alexeiev in-chief by land and sea, for an " active " policy (19th and May).

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  • Reorganizing his southern defences on a shorter front, so as to regain possession of the reserves that he had so liberally given away to his subordinates, he began to collect large bodies of troops opposite Kuroki, while Stakelberg and Zarubayev, before withdrawing silently into the lines or rather the fortress of Liao-Yang, again repulsed Oku's determined attacks on the south side.

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  • On the morning of the 1st of September - the anniversary of Sedan, as the Japanese officers told their men - Oyama, whose intentions the active Kuroki had somewhat outrun, delivered a last attack with the 2nd and 4th Armies, and the Guard on the south front, in the hope of keeping the main body of the Russians occupied and so assisting Kuroki, but the assailants encountered no resistance, Zarubayev having already retired into the fortress.

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  • Small sorties, partial attacks' and duels between the Japanese guns and the generally more powerful ordnance of the fortress continued.

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  • The Japanese were now beginning to pay more attention to the western side of the fortress, and from the 19th to the 22nd there was hard fighting around 203-Metre Hill, the attack being eventually repulsed with the loss of 2000 men.

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  • The frontier fortress of Eresburg which stood on the site of the modern Marburg was taken, the Irminsul was destroyed, and the treasures of gold and silver were seized.

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  • In pursuance of this resolve he marched against them early in 775, captured the fortress of Sigiburg on the Ruhr, regained and rebuilt Eresburg and left Frankish garrisons in the land.

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  • Eresburg was regarrisoned, a new fortress named Carlsburg was erected on the banks of the Lippe, and terms of peace were arranged.

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  • - The fortress draw-bridge is the original type, in which a single leaf, or bascule, turns round a horizontal hinge at one abutment.

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  • For the next two and] twenty years Denmark's greatest statesman lingered out his life in a lonely state-prison, first in the fortress of Copenhagen, and finally at Munkholm on Trondhjem fiord.

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  • When the Jews in Jerusalem, stirred to revolt by the outrages of the Roman procurators, had seized the fortress of Masada and treacherously murdered the garrison of the palace of Herod, Gallus set out from Antioch to restore order.

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  • During the Wars of Religion, the Huguenots repeatedly made unsuccessful attempts to seize the fortress, which opened its gates to Henry IV.

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  • On the Great Orme are old circular buildings, an ancient fortress, a "rocking-stone" (cryd Tudno) and the 7th-century church of St Tudno, restored.

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  • Its remains are scanty, as its site has been covered by the great medieval fortress of Monocastro or Akkerman.

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  • Anklam, formerly Tanglim, was originally a Slav fortress; it obtained civic rights in 1244 and joined the Hanseatic league.

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  • The conquest of Gotland at once led to a war between Valdemar and Sweden allied with the Hanseatic towns; but in the spring of 1362 Valdemar repulsed from the fortress of Helsingborg a large Hanseatic fleet provided with "shooting engines" (cannon) and commanded by Johan Wittenburg, the burgomaster of Lubeck.

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  • Formerly a strong fortress, Maastricht is still a considerable garrison town, but its ramparts were dismantled in 1871-1878.

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  • POSEN (Polish Poznan), a city, archiepiscopal see and fortress of Germany, c, apital of the province of Posen, situated in a wide and sandy plain at the confluence of the Cybina and the Warthe, 150 m.

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  • The fortress and walls with which it was provided by the Genoese in the 9th or Loth century have been destroyed for military reasons.

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  • For instance, he was never misled by the successes of the false Demetrius in Muscovy, and wisely insisted on recovering the great eastern fortress of Smolensk rather than attempting the conquest of Moscow.

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  • Parsimony prevailed, as usual, over prudence, and when the Cossacks showed unmistakable signs of restiveness, the Poles irritated them still further by ordering the construction of the strong fortress of Kudak at the confluence of the Dnieper and the Samara, to overawe the Zaporozhian community.

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  • before him; but he wasted two precious months in Casimir, vain before the fortress of Zamosc, and then the 1648-1668.

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  • Again, however, he made the mistake of attacking a fortress, which delayed his advance for a month, and gave John Casimir time to collect an army for the relief of the besieged.

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  • In 1699 the long Turkish War, which had been going on ever since 1683, was concluded by the peace of Karlowitz, whereby Podolia, the Ukraine and the fortress of Kamenets Podolskiy were retroceded to the Republic by the Ottoman Porte.

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  • and his partisans were besieged by the Russians in Danzig, their last refuge, and with the surrender of that fortress the cause of Stanislaus was lost.

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  • from Belfort itself, connect the fortress with the right of the defensive line of the Moselle (Fort Ballon d'Alsace).

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  • Even before the investment Belfort was cut off from the interior of France, and the German corps of von Werder was, throughout the siege, between the fortress and the forces which might attempt its relief.

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  • He was therefore eminently fitted for the command of the fortress.

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  • The old fortress consisted of the town enceinte, the castle (situated on high ground and fortified by several concentric envelopes), and the entrenched camp, a hollow enclosed by continuous lines, the salients of which were the castle, Fort La Justice and Fort La Miotte.

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  • Throughout the month the garrison made repeated sorties, and the Germans were on several occasions forced by the long range fire of the fortress to evacuate villages which they had taken.

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  • A little later Denfert-Rochereau received a direct order from his own government to surrender the fortress, and the garrison, being granted free withdrawal, marched out with its arms and trains.

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  • The fortress - Demir Kule or Iron Castle, which, like the principal seraglio, was built on a promontory jutting into the lake - is now in ruins.

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  • In the 10th century a fortress was maintained here against the invading Danes.

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  • In 1671 he was captured at Kagalnik, his last fortress, and carried to Moscow, where, on the 6th of June, after bravely enduring unspeakable torments, he was quartered alive.

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  • Grey was in charge of the fortress of Gaines, which was besieged by the duke of Guise in 1558.

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  • Montecucculi made Gyiir a first-class fortress, and it remained so until 1783, when it was abandoned.

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  • On a hill dominating the town stands the old fortress, which contains a beautiful church in Gothic style built about 1446, where in 1571 the diet was held which proclaimed the equality of the Unitarian Church with the Roman Catholic, the Lutheran, and Calvinistic Churches.

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  • 3 a till 1168 that the chief Wendish fortress, at Arkona in Rugen, containing the sanctuary of their god Svantevit, was surrendered, the Wends agreeing to accept Danish suzerainty and the Christian religion at the same time.

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  • Absalon, with only Sweyn, bishop of Aarhus, and twelve "housecads," thereupon disembarked, passed between a double row of Wendish warriors, 6000 strong, along the narrow path winding among the morasses, to the gates of the fortress, and, proceeding to the temple of the seven-headed god Rtigievit, caused the idol to be hewn down, dragged forth and burnt.

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  • On the 10th of June a Federal force was defeated at Big Bethel (near Fortress Monroe), and soon afterwards the main Virginian campaign began.

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  • It was eventually decided that General Banks was to oppose "Stonewall" Jackson in the Shenandoah Valley, Fremont to hold western Virginia against the same general's enterprise, and McDowell with a strong corps to advance overland to meet McClellan, who, with the main army, was to proceed by sea to Fortress Monroe and thence to advance on Richmond.

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  • Farragut from New Orleans, and the gunboat flotilla from the upper waters, had engaged the batteries in June and July, but had returned to their respective stations, while a Federal force under General Williams, which had appeared before the fortress, retired to Baton Rouge.

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  • At this time the minor fortress of Port Hudson was established to guard the rear of Vicksburg.

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  • Grant, with the other three under Sherman, McClernand and McPherson, moved by water to the neighbourhood of the fortress.

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  • On the 4th of July Pemberton surrendered the fortress and 37,000 men.

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  • The full Arab name is El Golea'a el Menia'a, or the " little fortress well defended."

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  • In the war against Sweden for the possession of Livonia he brilliantly distinguished himself, capturing fortress after fortress and repulsing the duke of Sudermania, afterwards Charles IX, from Riga.

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  • Not till the crown prince Wladislaus arrived with tardy reinforcements did the war assume a different character, Chodkiewicz opening a new career of victory by taking the fortress of Drohobu in 1617.

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  • An army of 160,000 Turkish veterans led by Sultan Osman in person advanced from Adrianople towards the Polish frontier, but Chodkiewicz crossed the Dnieper in September 1621 and entrenched himself in the fortress of Khotin right in the path of the Ottoman advance.

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  • A few days before the siege was raised the aged grand hetman died of exhaustion in the fortress (Sept.

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  • Coming to England with William the Conqueror, he received lands in the north of England from William II., and his son, or grandson, Bernard or Barnard de Baliol, built a fortress in Durham called Castle Barnard, around which the town of Barnard Castle grew.

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  • It seems likely, as St Aymour suggests, that two towns, the native Segesta and the Roman fortress called by Strabo /bract 'Ipoupcov, ultimately united under the single name of Siscia.

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  • With this object, during Charles XII.'s stay at Altranstadt (1706-1707), he tried to divert the king's attention to the Holstein question, and six years later, when the Swedish commander, Magnus Stenbock, crossed the Elbe, Gertz rendered him as much assistance as was compatible with not openly breaking with Denmark, even going so far as to surrender the fortress of Tenning to the Swedes.

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  • Some remains exist of the 13th-century fortress, and the large Piazza Mercatale is picturesque.

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  • CHUNAR, or Chunarghur, a town and ancient fortress of India, in the district of Mirzapur, in the United Provinces, situated on the south bank of the Ganges.

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  • O'Donoju shortly afterwards died; the Spanish government repudiated his act; and Spanish troops held the fortress of San Juan de Ulua, off Vera Cruz, till 1827.

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  • and in 1838 a French fleet blockaded the coast, bombarded the fortress of San Juan de Ulua, off Vera Cruz, and occupied the town.

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  • It is the chief fortress near the Bulgarian frontier, being defended by a ring of powerful modern forts.

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  • The fortress belonged to Sir Andrew Moray,.

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  • The following night he was sent a prisoner to the fortress of Orbyhus.

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  • The duchess of Berry was imprisoned in its fortress in 1832-1833.

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  • In the Hellenistic period it gained inportance as a fortress by which the Macedonian rulers controlled central Greece.

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  • it again served as a fortress for the protection of central Greece against northern invaders.

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  • Near it is the ruined fortress of Neamtzu, constructed early in the 13th century by the Teutonic knights of Andrew II., king of Hungary, in order to repel the incursions of the Cumanians.

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  • Nevertheless he was condemned to imprisonment in the fortress of Varberg, where he died four years later.

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  • The old quarter on the right bank surrounds on three sides a scarped rock, on which stands the fortress now used as a prison.

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  • From the 9th century onwards it was the most important place in Bigorre, largely owing to the fortress which is intimately connected with its history.

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  • Nevertheless the fortress did not fall into the possession of the French till 1406 after a blockade of eighteen months.

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  • This was restored and strengthened in 1740 into a fortress that proved impregnable in all succeeding wars.

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  • To keep the Cossacks of the Ukraine in order he also built the fortress of Kudak.

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  • The divide between the rivers flowing west and those flowing east and north is very sharp in the southern Rocky Mountains, but there are two lakes, the Committee's Punch Bowl and Fortress Lake, right astride of it, sending their waters both east and west; and there is a mountain somewhat south of Fortress Lake whose melting snows drain in three directions into tributaries of the Columbia, the Saskatchewan and the Athabasca, so that they are distributed between the Pacific, the Atlantic (Hudson Bay) and the Arctic Oceans.

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  • There she built speedily the fortress of Louisbourg, and prepared once more to challenge British supremacy in America.

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  • At the beginning of the 15th century it was surrounded by walls, and in 1450 a fortress was erected.

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  • It was founded by the Romans in 181 B.C. as a frontier fortress on the north-east, not far from the site where, two years before, Gaulish invaders had attempted to settle.

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  • Like his brother Mahommed (1104-1118), who successfully rebelled against him, his most dangerous enemies were the Ismailites, who had succeeded in taking the fortress of Alamut (north of Kazvin) and become a formidable political power by the organization of bands of fedais, who were always ready, even at the sacrifice of their own lives, to murder any one whom they were commanded to slay.

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  • The town of Alaja was the creation of this sultan, as previously there existed on that site only the fortress of Candelor, at that epoch in the possession of an Armenian chief, who was expelled by Kaikobad, and shared the fate of the Armenian and Frankish knights who possessed the fortresses along the coast of the Mediterranean as far as Selefke (Seleucia).

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  • It was formerly an important fortress, erected in 1780 by the emperor Joseph II.

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  • and named after his mother Maria Theresa, but the fortress was dismantled in 1882.

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  • For about three centuries it was called Baudissin (Bautzen), from the name of its principal fortress.

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  • The garrison of Almeida too escaped, after blowing up part of the fortress.

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  • and the Pico on the E., with fortress of Santa Cruz on one side and the fort of Sao Joao on the other, is about a mile wide and free from obstructions.

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  • The town derives its name from a British fortress, Criig Hywel, commonly called Table Mountain, about 2 m.

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  • The old town has a threefold interest: first as a very ancient seat of Jain worship; secondly for its example of palace architecture of the best Hindu period (1486-1516); and thirdly as an historic fortress.

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  • Another temple in the fortress of Gwalior is called the Teli-Mandir, or "Oilman's Temple."

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  • War against Turkey was resolved upon, and Azov, the chief Turkish fortress in those regions, which could be approached by water from Moscow, became the Russian objective.

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  • The new Russian fleet did all that was required of it by preventing the Turks from relieving Azov by water; and on the 18th of July the fortress surrendered.

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  • Adiutrix, and achieved the final subjugation of Wales and the first conquest of Yorkshire, where a legionary fortress at York was substituted for that at Lincoln.

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  • Within a few years of the Claudian invasion a colonia, or municipality of time-expired soldiers, had been planted in the old native capital of Colchester (Camulodunum), and though it served at first mainly as a fortress and thus provoked British hatred, it came soon to exercise a civilizing influence.

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  • It was certainly built at a very early date, as it was restored by Frederick, archbishop of Cologne, in 1120, and it was a fortress until the end of the 15th century.

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  • This supported a flat roof and was open to the inside of the fortress.

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  • This enormous edifice, founded on the cathedral rock, is an extraordinary mixture of castle and convent, palace and fortress.

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  • In the neighbourhood stood the small fortress of Napoli, erected by the ruler of Taurida some hundred years before the Christian era, and it existed until the end of the 3rd century.

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  • Hatra, an interesting fortress which seems to have been Aramaean, fell, and the army advanced to Hit, where it found the fleet that was subsequently transferred to the Tigris.

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  • With the accession of Phocas (602) began the great war which shook the two kingdoms. The loss of Edessa, where Narses revolted, was temporary; but the Roman fortress of Dara fell after nine months' siege (c. 605); Harran, Ras al-`Ain and Edessa followed in 607, many of the Christian inhabitants being transported to the Far East, and Chosroes carried the victorious arms of Persia far into the Roman Empire.

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  • of Denmark, and his successor, Frederick III., determined about 1650 to make it a powerful fortress.

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  • In 1657 it was taken by storm by the Swedish general Wrangel, and in 1659, after the fortress had been dismantled, it was occupied by Frederick William of Brandenburg.

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  • During the armistice of 1848-1849 the fortress was strengthened, and soon afterwards it stood a siege of two months, which was brought to a glorious close by a successful sortie on the 6th of July 1849.

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  • On the outbreak of the war of 1864, the fortress was again strengthened by new works and an entrenched camp; but the Danes suddenly evacuated it on the 28th of April after a siege of six weeks.

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  • The Saxon ministers, after protesting against the new arrangement, arrested Patkul and shut him up in the fortress of Sonnenstein (Dec. 19, 1705), altogether disregarding the remonstrances of Peter against such a gross violation of international law.

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  • The town is picturesquely situated at the foot of the slopes of the Apennines, and is crowned by a medieval fortress (Rocca), begun by the emperor Frederick I.

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  • About the ancient Caesena little is said in classical authors: it is mentioned as a station on the Via Aemilia and as a fortress in the wars of Theodoric and Narses.

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  • Besides being the chief commercial port of Belgium, Antwerp is the greatest fortress of that country.

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  • It is protected by a broad wet ditch (plans in article Fortification), and in the caponiers are the magazines and store chambers of the fortress.

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  • It was therefore decided to change it from a fortress to a fortified position by constructing an outer line of forts and batteries at a distance varying from 6 to 9 m.

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  • Wittenberg continued to be a fortress of the third class until the reorganization of the German defences after the foundation of the new empire led to its being dismantled in 1873.

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  • It was always a strong border fortress and a place of commercial importance, in many respects the southern counterpart of Damascus.

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  • 'ELISAVETGRAD, a fortress and town of Russia, in the government of Kherson, 296 m.

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  • The Spey or Spy tower, the most important fortress on the city wall, guarded the south gate close to the river, but it was taken down early in the 19th century.

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  • The huge fortress, 466 ft.

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  • It is a military station and a fortress of considerable strategical value, closing the roads from Kars, Olti and other parts of the frontier.

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  • Erzerum is a town of great antiquity, and has been identified with the Armenian Garin Kalakh, the Arabic Kalikale, and the Byzantine Theodosiopolis of the 5th century, when it was a frontier fortress of the empire - hence its name Erzen-er-Rum.

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  • After this the inhabitants converted the temple of Zeus and the region to the south of it into a fortress, by constructing a wall from materials found among the ancient buildings.

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  • In June 1619 he was immured in the fortress of Louvestein near Gorcum.

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  • He undertook to seize the impregnable fortress of Sveaborg by a coup de main.

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  • On the, 6th he persuaded the fortress of Sveaborg to submit to him.

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  • In the war with Sweden, generally known as the "Kalmar War," because its chief operation was the capture by the Danes of Kalmar, the eastern fortress of Sweden, Christian compelled Gustavus Adolphus to give way on all essential points (treaty of Knared, 10th of January 1613).

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  • Fortunately too for him, the Swedish government delayed hostilities in Scania till February 1644, so that the Danes were able to make adequate defensive preparations and save the important fortress of Malmo.

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  • In 1809 the French invaders of Spain obtained possession of the fortress and kept the city in subjection until 1814.

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  • He landed at Kalmar with 5000 men, mostly Hungarian mercenaries; the fortress opened its gates to him at once and the capital and the country people welcomed him.

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  • of Enfidaville is Henshir Fraga (anc. Uppenna), where are ruins of a large fortress and of a church in which were found mosaics with epitaphs of various bishops and martyrs.

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  • On the 6th or 7th of June Mary and Bothwell took refuge in Borthwick Castle, twelve miles from the capital, where the fortress was in the keeping of an adherent whom the diplomacy of Sir James Melville had succeeded in detaching from his allegiance to Bothwell.

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  • Passion alone could shake the double fortress of her impregnable heart and ever-active brain.

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  • This league or concordia was soon joined by other cities, among which were Milan, Parma, Padua, Verona, Piacenza and Bologna, and the allies began to build a fortress near the confluence of the Tanaro and the Bormida, which, in honour of Pope Alexander III., was called Alessandria.

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  • The fortress was bravely defended, and the siege was raised on the approach of succour from the allied cities.

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  • An opportunity, however, presented itself: being required to work out from data supplied to him the "defilement" of a proposed fortress (an operation then only performed by a long arithmetical process), Monge, substituting for this a geometrical method, obtained the result so quickly that the commandant at first refused to receive it - the time necessary for the work had not been taken; but upon examination the value of the discovery was recognized, and the method was adopted.

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  • A small strip of territory was added, to connect Bavaria with the Palatinate, and Bavarian troops were to garrison the federal fortress of Mainz.

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  • It was an opponent of Rome at the end of the 4th and beginning of the 3rd century B.C., but soon sought for help against the attacks of the Gauls, against whom it was almost a frontier fortress.

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  • 4, by an average radius of 1200 Dutch fathoms (7874 ft.) from the outer glacis of the fortress.

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  • The cupola of the church in the fortress is 2455 ft.

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