Formal-logic Sentence Examples
In formal logic the drawing of inferences is frequently called ratiocination.
Reason abandons her efforts to mould the world, and is content to let the aims of individuals work out their results independently, only stepping in to lay down precepts for the cases where individual actions conflict, and to test these precepts by the rules of formal logic.
The merit of Hegel is to have indicated and to a large extent displayed the filiation and mutual limitation of our forms of thought; to have arranged them in the order of their comparative capacity to give a satisfactory expression to truth in the totality of its relations; and to have broken down the partition which in Kant separated the formal logic from the transcendental analytic, as well as the general disruption between logic and metaphysic. It must at the same time be admitted that much of the work of weaving the terms of thought, the categories, into a system has a hypothetical and tentative character, and that Hegel has rather pointed out the path which logic must follow, viz.
But we must first consider the mental analysis of inference, and this brings us to conceptual and formal logic.
The Prior A T h e Analytics then are concerned with a formal logic to niytics.Advertisement
If alleged Psycho- P g Logy.ic a priori constituents of knowledge - such rubrics as substance, property, relation - come to be explained psychologically, the formal logic that has perforce to ignore all that belongs to psychology is confined within too narrow a range to be able to maintain its place as an independent discipline, and tends to be merged in psychology.
What was true in formal logic tended to be absorbed in the correlationist theories.
It stands, however, on a different footing from that of the formal logic hitherto discussed, and is not to be condemned upon quite the same grounds.
Not in proofs by formal logic but in the reality of consciousness was the certainty of God.
General logic has also to deal with the union of representations, though its unity is analytic merely, not synthetic. But the same intellectual function which serves to give unity in the analytic judgments of formal logic serves to give unity to the synthetic combinations of real perception.Advertisement
It uses a formal logic to express issues about agent design, giving the impression that the subject is an analytic one.
Were there such grounds the of formal logic would require distinct semantic accounts for the wffs p q and p q and p p.
But if the view maintained above that formal logic must compromise or mitigate its rigour and so fail to maintain its independence, be correct, the logical consistency of Mansel's logic of consistency does but emphasize its barrenness.
He created their formal logic and contributed much that was of value to their psychology and epistemology; but in the main his work was to new-label and new-arrange in every department, and to lavish most care and attention on the least important parts - the logical terminology and the refutation of fallacies, or, as his opponents declared, the excogitation of fallacies which even he could not refute.