fluorosis of esthetic concern, but the precision of these rough estimates is low.
Irish dental surgeon, Donal McAuley, wrote in the British Medical Journal: " Fifty per cent of our population has dental fluorosis.
For three quarters of a million people, dental fluorosis is of the " moderate to severe " degree.
So have Japan and India, where fluoride occurs naturally and skeletal fluorosis (thickening of bones) is prevalent.
This mild fluorosis is often undetectable except by a dental expert.
endemic fluorosis: an analysis of needs and possibilities based on case studies in Kenya.
Beside being unsightly, fluorosis can have a psychological impact, and cosmetic dentistry is expensive.
fluorosis studies were largely cross-sectional designs, with only four before-after designs.
Dean's criteria were followed to assess enamel fluorosis.
Fluoride is implicated in pre-senile dementia and Alzheimer's disease. n. Fluoride causes fluorosis.
In the whole sample, 81% presented no malocclusion and only two questionable cases of fluorosis were observed.
Too much fluoride may cause spotting (fluorosis) of the tooth enamel.
Fluorosis only affects children whose teeth are still developing within the gums.
Very mild to mild fluorosis has no effect on tooth function and may help prevent decay.
Fluorosis in children appears as of 2004 to be increasing; however, it is not known whether this is from water fluoridation, the excessive use of fluoride-containing products, or both.
"Risk Factors for Dental Fluorosis: A Review of the Recent Literature."
G. "Risk of Enamel Fluorosis in Nonfluoridated and Optimally Fluoridated Populations: Considerations for the Dental Professional."
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