Fig sentence example

fig
  • The French artists still retain FIG ' 4.
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  • Around the villages are extensive cultivated fields and orchards, containing fig, pomegranate and orange trees.
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  • It may be added that there are some marsupials, such as the wombat, koala, marsupial ant-eater and the dasyures, FIG.
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  • The limbs are five-toed, with the third and fourth toes of the front pair armed with enormous digging claws; FIG.
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  • The male next casts his cuticle, and by means of his spine bores FIG.
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  • There are three Li ting - typical methods: (I) A direct pull may be applied to the hook, either by screws, or by a cylinder fitted with is piston and rod and actuated by direct hydraulic or other pressure, as shown diagrammatically in fig.
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  • These methods are used in exceptional cases, but present the obvious difficulty of giving FIG.
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  • Various arrangements are adopted; the one indicated in fig.
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  • Three-phase motors are also much used for FIG.
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  • This horizontal movement of the lower end of the back leg allows the whole arrangement to assume the position shown in fig.
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  • Another type of fixed crane is the " Fairbairn " crane, shown in fig.
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  • Here the jib, superstructure and post are all united in one piece, which revolves in a foundation well, being supported at the bottom by a toe-step and near the ground level by horizontal FIG.
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  • With portable cranes means must be provided to ensure the requisite stability against overturning; this is done by weighting the tail of the revolving part with heavy weights, and in steam cranes the FIG.
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  • In connexion with the stability of portable cranes, it may be mentioned that accidents more often arise from FIG.
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  • The hydraulic lifting cylinders are placed inside the revolving steel mast or post, and the cabin for the driver FIG.
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  • One variation is illustrated in fig.
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  • A transporter of the first class is shown in fig.
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  • In the other class of transporter the load is not usually moved; FIG.
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  • Between a shoulder, a, in the iron bolt and a shoulder in the porcelain cup, c, is placed an indiarubber ring, which forms a yielding washer and enables the cup to be screwed firmly to the bolt, while preventing FIG.
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  • In practice the resistances r, r' are 9 Earth FIG.
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  • The tanks are nearly cylindrical in form and have a truncated cone fixed in the centre, as shown at C, fig.
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  • A simple, but important, addition to enable the reading from the instrument to be effected by sound is shown in fig.
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  • 15 shows the modern pattern of " sounder " as used by the - == IIB I FIG.
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  • The arrangement on the " open-circuit " system for single-current working is shown in fig.
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  • The connexions for single-current working on the " closed-circuit " system are shown in fig.
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  • The arrangement at a station worked by relay on the " single-current " system is shown in fig.
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  • The local 1_ E I battery B 1 then sends a current through the in FIG.
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  • The Siemens polarized relay, shown in fig.
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  • This form of relay is largely used, but in Great Britain it has been entirely .flisplaced by the form shown in fig.
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  • If the positive is called the signalling current, the line will be charged positively each time a signal is sent; but as soon as the signal is completed a negative charge is communicated FIG.
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  • The arrangement is shown in fig.
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  • R 1 and R2 are relays for receiving the FIG.
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  • In practice the number of segments actually employed is much greater than that indicated on the figure, and the segments are arranged in a number of groups, as shown by fig.
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  • To each group is connected a set of apparatus; hence during a complete revolution of the arms a pair of instruments (at station A and station B) will be in communication four times, and the intervals during which any particular set of instruments at the two stations are not in connexion with each other become much smaller than in the case of fig.
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  • The punches are arranged as shown in fig.
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  • The arrangement of the apparatus for working some of the most recent cables is shown in Fig.
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  • 33 shows a facsimile of part of a message received and recorded by a siphon recorder, such as that of fig.
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  • In conjunction with the above receiver he employed a transmitter, which consisted of a large induction or spark coil S having its spark balls placed a few millimetres apart; one of these balls was connected to an earth FIG.
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  • He inserts in the primary circuit of the alternating FIG.
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  • A radiator of this last class can be constructed by connecting inductively or directly FIG.
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  • The secondary circuit of this transformer is cut in the middle and has a condenser inserted in it, and its ends are connected to the sensitive metallic filings tube or coherer as shown in fig.
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  • It was soon found that it could only be used to advantage in this way when the total resistance of the circuit, exclusive of the microphone, was small compared with the resistance of the microphone - that is, on very short lines worked with FIG.
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  • The transmitter on long and high resistance lines worked better by joining, in the manner shown in fig.
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  • A cord circuit, similar in many respects, including the method .y.^9 Jr '' of operation, but equipped with condensers and impedance coils, in place of the repeating coil, is shown in fig.
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  • The colour also varies considerably, even in different pitchers of the same individual, FIG.
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  • The lid and mouth of the pitcher are brighter coloured than the rest of the leaf, which FIG.
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  • Then come the glandular surface (C), which is formed of smooth polished epidermis with numerous glands that secrete the fluid contents of the pitcher, and finally the detentive surface (D), of which the cells are produced into long and strong bristles which point A FIG.
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  • In the curious polyp Myriothela the body of the polyp is differ FIG.
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  • The sub-epithelial layer thus primarily constituted may be recruited by immigration from without of other FIG.
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  • Hence it is necessary to distin guishbetween,first,the"zooids," FIG.
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  • In this manner the food absorbed by one individual contributes to the welfare of the whole colony, and the coenosarc has the 6 C FIG.
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  • Each bud produced FIG.
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  • Hence, in a colony of gymnoblastic hydroids, the oldest polyp of each system, that is to say, of the main stem or of a branch, is the topmost polyp; II  ?a ` FIG.
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  • Or a polyp on the main stem, after having budded a second time to form a pinnule, may give rise to a third bud, which starts a new biserial FIG.
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  • One class g g of polyps, the dactylozoids of branching in the Plumularia-type; (dz), lose their mouth and compare with fig.
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  • - In the Hydromedusae the medusa-individual occurs, as already stated, in one of two conditions, either as an independent organism leading a true life c2 a2 in the open seas, or as a subordinate individuality in the hydroid c colony, from which it is never set free; it then becomes a mere reproductive appendage or gono- phore, losing suc FIG.
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  • As regards habit of life the vast majority of Hydromedusae arc 6 FIG.
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  • Maas in Results of In its arrangement the muscular tissue the "Albatross " Expedition, forms two s stems: the one composed Museum of Comparative Y P Zoology, Cambridge, Masse, of striated fibres arranged circularly, that U.S.A. is to say, concentrically round the central FIG.
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  • Two stages in the development of the otocyst can be recognized, the first that of an open pit FIG.
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  • The ocelli are seen in FIG.
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  • From the bionomical point of view, the medusa is to be considered as a means of spreading the species, supplementing the deficiencies of the :" Ca sessile polyp. It may be, however, that increased reproductiveness becomes of greater importance to the species than wide diffu sion; such a condition FIG.
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  • - Modifications of the method of becomes reduced budding shown in fig.
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  • When blastostyles are present, however, they are never enclosed FIG.
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  • Letters a to h same as in fig.
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  • Both these medusae have sense-organs of a peculiar type, which are said to contain an endodermal axis like the sense-organs of Trachylinae, but the fact has recently been called in question for FIG.
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  • Often the bones, teeth and scales of fishes are to FIG.
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  • The basisphenoids are ventrally overlaid, and FIG.
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  • The schizognathous formation is doubtless the most primitive, and its representatives form a tolerably natural FIG.
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  • Parker and Ftirbringer have demonstrated that desmo FIG.
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  • The os articulare bears on its inner side the inner mandibular process which serves for the insertion of part of the digastric muscle or opener of the mouth; another portion of this muscle is attached to the os angulare, which frequently forms a FIG.
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  • The median and posterior extension of the body of the sternum is a direct outgrowth of the latter, therefore FIG.
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  • He was, indeed, the first to show clearly the relationship of the heron-like birds with the Steganopodes; of storklike birds with the American vultures; the great difference between the latter and the other birds of prey; the connexion of the gulls and auks with the plovers, and that of the sand-grouse with the From Newton's FIG.
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  • Cope's Diatryma of New Mexico, based upon a gigantic FIG.
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  • In the Mare aux Songes have been found the bones of another FIG.
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  • The great auk, once common on the British coasts, those of Denmark, the east coast of North America, then restricted to those of Newfoundland, Greenland and Iceland, has been killed by man, and the same fate has overtaken the Labrador duck, the Phillip Island parrot, Nestor productus, and the large cormorant of FIG.
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  • Some of the Malagasy avifauna is certainly ancient, aboriginal, and even points to India; other forms indicate clearly their African FIG.
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  • Airy's writings during this time are divided between mathematical FIG.
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  • To meet this requirement, Walker in 1878 introduced the Cherub FIG.
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  • Owing to the increased friction produced by a rotator making approximately 900 revolutions per mile, towed at the end of a line varying from 40 fathoms for a 12 -knot FIG.
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  • Case A contains the wheelwork, and case E the spindle and steel ball FIG.
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  • Constant use, increased friction (m o r e especially at high speeds), and damage to the rotator will alter an ascertained log error; head or following seas, strong winds, currents and tidal streams also FIG.
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  • Under the heading "Remarks" are noted (for vessels with sail power) making, shortening and trimming sails; and (for all ships) employment of crew, times of passing prominent landmarks, altering of course, and any subject of interest and FIG.
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  • In steam vessels a rough and fair engine room register are kept, FIG.
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  • Two very small families of aquatic beetles seem to stand at the base of the series, the Amphizoidae, whose larvae are broad and well armoured with FIG.
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  • The Carabidae, or ground-beetles, comprising 13,000 species, form FIG.
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  • - A, Wireworm; B, pupa of Click Beetle; C, adult Click Beetle (A griotes lineatum), b c a FIG.
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  • The downwardly directed head is covered by the pronotum, and J the three terminal FIG.
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  • When Hydrophilus dives it carries a supply of air between the elytra and the dorsal surface of the abdomen, while air is FIG.
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  • During summer the insects rest in their underground retreats, then in autumn FIG.
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  • Such are the habits of the cockchafer (Melolontha vulgaris) and other species that often cause great injury to farm and a FIG.
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  • This line was originally designed as a " plateway " on the Outram system, but objections were raised to rails with upstanding ledges or flanges FIG.
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  • The chairs were FIG.
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  • Bridges Adams, the intention being by " fishing " the joints to convert the rails into continuous beams. In the original design two chairs were placed, one under each rail, a few inches apart, as in fig.
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  • The iron tramway or railway had been known for half a century and had come into considerable use in connexion with collieries and quarries before it was realized that for the carriage FIG.
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  • The intervals between the sleepers are filled in level with ballast, 12'2' FIG.
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  • There are two main ways of attaching the rails to the sleepers, corresponding to two main types of rails - the bull-headed rail A B FIG.
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  • This method of construction is more FIG.
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  • They serve two principal FIG.
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  • At many intermediate stations the same arrangements, on a smaller scale, are made; in all of them there is at least accommodation for the passenger and the goods traffic. The stations for F - FIG.
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  • The fundamental relation between the applied torque and the tractive force F will be understood from fig.
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  • The curves corresponding to the above expressions are plotted in fig.
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  • Barbier's formula is plotted in fig.
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  • Rate at which work is done against the resistances given by the curves fig.
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  • As given by the Barbier curves in fig.
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  • Using the curves of fig.
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  • The way the thermal efficiency of the ideal engine increases with the pressure is exhibited in fig.
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  • A common form is illustrated in fig.
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  • 'The socket that received the link is replaced by a hook, shown at A in fig.
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  • This hook swings on the pivot B, and has an arm which extends backwards, practically at right angles with the working face of the hook, FIG.
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  • The knuckle stands open until the coupling is pushed against another coupling, when the two hooks turn on their pivots to the position shown in fig.
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  • The method of constructing the working faces of this coupler is shown in fig.
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  • Automatic couplers resembling the Janney are adopted in a few special cases in Great Britain and other European countries, FIG.
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  • 9 in.; this he lined with cast-iron segments bolted together, giving a sr 2 / FIG.
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  • `,I FIG.
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  • The town was traversed by a well-paved street with a stone sewer, and contained several important private houses and a larger one which seems to have been FIG.
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  • Further, while among wasps and bees we find some solitary and some social genera, the ants as a family are social, though some FIG.
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  • 1, 1, 3, a) often cast their wings (fig.
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  • These driver ants shelter in temporary nests made in FIG.
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  • Cross fertilization, or the impregnation of any given flower by pollen from another flower of the same species on the same or on another plant, has been proved to be of great - g advantage to the plant by securing a more FIG.
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  • The former, however, is frequently FIG.
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  • Glycera, see fig.
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  • But before this separates off a number of other FIG.
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  • Here, however, the buds are lateral, though produced from a budding may be defective upon one or other of the noto a b FIG.
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  • In some Syllids, such as Pionosyllis gestans, the ova are attached to the body A FIG.
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  • The genital ducts are limited to one segment (the 8th in Capitella capitata), and there are genital setae on this and the next FIG.
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  • The setae, which are always absent from the peristomial segment, are also sometimes absent from a greater number of the FIG.
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  • The varying forms of the setae are illustrated in fig.
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  • In Typhoeus and Megascolex there are com FIG.
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  • These septa are, however, rather incomplete and are not fastened to the gut; and, as in Acanthobdella, the nephridia are embedded vv FIG.
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  • Most crops are C FIG.
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  • These parasites damage the hide, B FIG.
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  • An example of the latter is seen in the hop aphis FIG.
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  • Less abundant on the western side of the fjelds, it again forms woods in Nordland, extending FIG.
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  • - These are the most primitive Gastropods, retaining to a great degree the original symmetry of the FIG.
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  • It will be remembered that, according to Spengel, the osphradium of mollusca is definitely and intimately related to the gill-plume or ctenidium, being always placed near the base of that organ; further, Spengel has shown that the nerve-supply of this olfactory organ is always derived from the visceral loop. Accord ingly, the nerve-supply FIG.
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  • It also bends round the liver as shown FIG.
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  • Pectinibranchia.-In this order there is no longer any trace of bilateral symmetry in the circulatory, respiratory and excretory organs, the topographically right half of the pallial complex having completely disappeared, except the right kidney, which is FIG.
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  • Probably its use is to enable FIG.
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  • The very large assemblage of forms coming under this order comprises the most highly developed predaceous sea-snails, numerous vegetarian species, a considerable number of freshwater and some terrestrial forms. The partial dissection of a male specimen of the common periwinkle, Littorina littoralis, drawn in fig.
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  • As an excellent general type of the nervous system, attention may be directed to that of Paludina drawn in fig.
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  • Salivary glands are present, and in some carnivorous forms (Dolium) these secrete free sulphuric acid (as much as 2% is present in the secretion), which assists the animal in boring holes by means of its FIG.
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  • It is most commonly found in sessile FIG.
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  • Three steps of this modification may be FIG.
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  • The gill-plume,which in A plysia is the typicalMolluscan ctenidium, is seen in fig.
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  • The relation of the delicate shell to the mantle is peculiar, since it occupies an oval area upon the visceral hump, the extent of which is indicated in fig.
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  • When the shell of an A plysia enclosed in its mantle is pushed well to the left, the sub-pallial space is fully exposed as in fig.
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  • One is quite black in colour, and measures when FIG.
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  • The liver opens by two ducts into the digestive FIG.
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  • When dissected out they appear as represented in fig.
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  • 46, A, B), or retain purely negative characters (fig.
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  • Spengel's observation of the osphradium and its nervesupply in these forms; the nerve to that organ, which is placed somewhat anteriorly - on the dorsal surface - being given off from the hinder part (visceral) of the right compound ganglion - the fellow to that marked A in fig.
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  • Posteriorly the mantle forms a large pallial lobe FIG.
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  • The terrestrial Streptoneura (represented in England by the common genus Cyclostoma) FIG.
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  • In most other Mollusca (Anisopleurous Gastropods, Pteropods and Conchifera) there is a want of such continuity; the primitive shell-sac contributes no factor to the permanent shell, or only a very minute FIG.
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  • (After Spengel.) being formed afresh on the surface of the visceral hump. It is, then, in this sense that we may speak of primary, secondary and tertiary shells in Mollusca, recognizing the fact that they may be merely phases fused by continuity of growth so as to form but one shell, or that in other cases they may be presented to us as separate individual things, in virtue of the non-development of the later phases, or in virtue of sudden changes in the activity of the mantle-surface causing the shedding FIG.
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  • The chief features in the development of Limnaeus are exhibited in fig.
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  • The blastopore now closes along the middle part of its course, which coincides z s FIG.
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  • Whilst the Pulmonata are essentially a terrestrial and fresh-water group, there is one genus of slug-like °:ti FIG.
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  • The Cnossian palace was re-occupied in its northern part by chieftains who have left numerous rich graves; and general commercial intercourse must have been resumed, for the uniformity of the FIG.
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  • I, C, ca, st) bearing a distinct inner and outer lobe (lacinia and galea, fig.
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  • The fused cardines form a broad basal plate (sub-mentum) and the stipites a smaller plate (mentum) - see fig.
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  • Paired erectile plates (patagia) are borne on the prothorax in moths, while in moths, sawflies, wasps, bees and other insects there are small plates (tegulae) - see Fig.
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  • After bathing the FIG.
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  • 2 and 3 are bounded by the domes d and f and the basal pinacoid c; fig.
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  • 4 is a plan of a still FIG.
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  • Special notes of the style are the central grouping of the windows, leaving comparatively solid spaces on each side, which gives the effect of FIG.
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  • The males are usually more brilliantly coloured than the females, and guard the eggs, which are often placed in a sort of nest made of the shell of some bivalve or of the carapace of a crab, with the convexity turned upwards and FIG.
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  • Close allies of the gobies are the walking (Periophthalmus), of which various species FIG.
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  • The pedal equation is r 3 =a 2 p, which shows FIG.
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  • If a be greater than b the curve resembles fig.
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  • 2 and is sometimes termed the fishtail-lemniscate; if a be less than b, the curve resembles fig.
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  • The centre is a conjugate point (or acnode) and the curve resembles fig.
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  • In this case the centre is a crunode and the curve resembles fig.
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  • 4 retracted; fig.
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  • The fibrous nervetissue is more dense in the higher differentiated, more loose and spongy in the lower organized 1P L forms; the cellular nerve-tissue is FIG.
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  • Whereas in the Metanemertines an arrangement prevails as represented in fig.
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  • Its function is less that of respiration than of FIG.
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  • In the Nemertines the sexes are separate, with only very FIG.
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  • - Diagrammatic sections to show disposition of internal organs in Carinella (Protonemertini), fig.
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  • The expansion of the working wire when it is heated will then increase or create a sag in it owing to its increase in FIG.
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  • Such an instrument is called a shunted movable coil ammeter, and is represented by a type of instrument shown in fig.
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  • If then the torsion head is twisted, the suspended coil experiences a torque and is displaced through FIG.
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  • The difficulty which has generally presented itself to those who have tried to design instruments on the FIG.
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  • The appearance of the complete instrument is shown by fig.
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  • There are now n-, y varieties of the cultivated oat included under two principr races - common FIG.
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  • Thus special parts are reserved for natives of the various provinces of Egypt, of Morocco,Syria, Arabia, India, Turkey, &c. Each student can, FIG.
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  • The procedure for a combustion is as follows: - FIG.
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  • Various forms of potash bulbs are employed; fig.
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  • 2 is Liebig's, fig.
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  • 4 is a more recent form, of which special variations have been FIG.
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  • In this method the operation is carried out in a hard glass tube sealed at one end and packed as shown in fig.
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  • The second case is illustrated in fig.
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  • The light is supposed to descend vertically upon the country represented, and in a true scale of shade the intensity increases with the inclination from o° to 90°; but as such a scale does not sufficiently differentiate the lesser inclinations which are the most important, the author adopted a conventional scale, representing a slope of 45° or more, supposed to be inaccessible, as absolutely black, the level surfaces, which reflect all the light which falls upon them, as perfectly white, and the intervening slopes by a proportion between black and white, as in fig.
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  • The main principles of this system have been maintained, Slope Degrees 80 75 ' '70 FIG.
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  • He was he deals with the principles of mathematical geography, map projections, and sources of information with special reference FIG.
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  • The extent to which the more correct proportion would have affected the delineation of the Mediterranean is illustrated by fig.
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  • The map, apparently of the 3rd century, was copied by a monk at Colmar, in 1265, who fortunately contented himself with adding a few scriptural names, and having been acquired by the learned Conrad Peutinger of FIG.
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  • Map and Periegesis are FIG.
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  • A diagram of this description will be found in Isidor of Seville's Origines (630), see fig.
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  • T maps of more elaborate design illustrate the MS. copies of Sallust's Bellum jugurthinum; one of these taken from a codex of the 11th century in the Leipzig town library is shown in fig.
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  • On the maps illustrating the encyclopaedic Liber floridus by Lambert, Lambert Liber flori dus 1120 FIG.
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  • Further materials serviceable to the compilers of maps were supplied by numerous Arabian travellers and geographers, among FIG.
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  • Additional meridians sz R01, FIG.
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  • Among the more important productions of more recent times, may be mentioned a map of the empire, said to be based upon actual surveys by Yhang (721), who also manufactured FIG.
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  • The bearings were FIG.
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  • A further difficulty arose in connexion with the variation of the compass, which induced Pedro Reinel Behaim'S Globe 1492 Fig.
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  • The maritime discoveries and surveys of that age of great discoveries were laid down upon so-called " plane-charts," that is, charts having merely equidistant parallels indicated upon them, together with the equator, the tropics and polar FIG.
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  • The astrolabe quadrant or cross-staff enabled the mariner to determine"his latitude with a certain amount of accuracy, but for his longitude 1 See fig.
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  • This is illustrated by the four sketch maps shown in fig.
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  • Of SchOner we know that he produced four globes, three printed from segments (1515, 1523, 1 533), and p SCF12MER.S FIG.
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  • Altogether he published 211 maps, of which 66 are included in FIG.
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  • The ovary, of two carpels, is seated on a ring-like disk FIG.
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