Where two of the faunal realms meet there is usually, though not always, a mixing of faunas.
The divisions of the earth into faunal regions by Dr P. L.
and perhaps at the head of the " Faunal " works of all countries.
The good effects of " Faunal " works such as those named in the foregoing rapid survey none can doubt, but important as they are, they do not of themselves constitute ornithology as a science; and an inquiry, no less wide and far more recondite, still remains.
Throughout vegetation is scanty and faunal life poor in species, though in some respects certain of the species, e.g.
Thus Cuvier, following Buffon, clearly anticipated the modern doctrine of faunal migrations.
half of New Hampshire are many song birds belonging to the Alleghany faunal area; in the N.
part many others belonging to the Canadian faunal area.
The Hamilton fauna which followed represents the admixture of the resident Onondaga fauna with new types which are thought to have come from South America, showing that faunal connections for marine life had been made between the interior of the United States and the lands south of the Caribbean Sea, a connection of which, before this time, there was no evidence.
Most of the larger American mammals are not restricted to any one faunal zone.
We have seen that in the Carboniferous rocks there are two phases of sedimentation, the one marine, the other continental; corresponding with these there are two distinct faunal facies.
More than this, the Caspian was also, it is pretty certain, at the same epoch, and later, in direct communication with the Sea of Azov, no doubt by way of the Manych depression; for in the limans or lagoons of the Black Sea many faunal species exist which are not only identical with species that are found in the Caspian, but also many which, though not exactly identical, are closely allied.
But before an equal space of time had further elapsed, it had itself become a pest; the most recent information, however, is to the effect that its numbers are now on the decline, and that the disturbed faunal equilibrium is being readjusted.
The faunal aspect of the Tertiary periods differs strikingly from that of preceding Secondary or Mesozoic; in place of the great saurian reptiles we find the rapid development and finally the maximum expansion of mammals.
There is no clear evidence of corresponding shifts in tool function or the faunal assemblages.
Main research interests: Plio-Pleistocene fossil assemblages and faunal analysis, vertebrate taphonomy, Human evolution and the archeology of the earliest humans.
The initial differences so produced are confirmed and perpetuated by the same barriers which divide the faunal or floral regions, the sea, mountains, deserts and the like, and much of the course of past history and present politics becomes clear when the combined results of differing race and differing environment are taken into account.'
[An admirable " List of Faunal Publications relating to North American Ornithology " up to 1878 has been given by Elliott Coues as an appendix to his Birds of the Colorado Valley (pp. 567-784).
Main research interests: Plio-Pleistocene fossil assemblages and faunal analysis, Vertebrate taphonomy, Human evolution and the archeology of the earliest humans.
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