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explained

explained Sentence Examples

  • When I explained, she became unwell.

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  • The necessity of laws and penalties had to be explained to her.

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  • Kris explained everything to me last night, Katherine.

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  • She provided the requested information, explained that she was going to assist him and then put the telephone on the floor, still open.

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  • I turned on the light, calmed her down and slowly explained step by step what Julie had told me.

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  • Dean acknowledged and explained the directions.

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  • "No; I lost them somewhere in the air," explained the child.

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  • Dean explained to their guest the winter power of Mother Nature.

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  • That might be true, but none of it explained his kiss.

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  • As I have said before, I had no aptitude for mathematics; the different points were not explained to me as fully as I wished.

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  • Well, that explained a lot about him.

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  • He explained to me that with a lawnmower, one person would be able to do the job and eleven men would be unemployed.

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  • I explained to her that the soul, too, is invisible, or in other words, that it is without apparent form.

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  • Fred explained that the New York sister was staying in her motor home at a local campground.

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  • Before the beginning of the campaign, Rostov had received a letter from his parents in which they told him briefly of Natasha's illness and the breaking off of her engagement to Prince Andrew (which they explained by Natasha's having rejected him) and again asked Nicholas to retire from the army and return home.

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  • He explained it all after we were married.

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  • The idea Darkyn voluntarily took a bond to a human when he made a name for himself disobeying his former master … There might be a reason Darkyn hadn't explained it to his mate.

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  • She explained how a Bird Song guest, Brandon Westlake, who was a first-class photographer, had given her pointers.

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  • Half-drunk by the time Rhyn explained things to her the day before, she'd come away from that conversation more baffled than she'd been when she fell out of the sky onto the beach.

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  • Half-drunk by the time Rhyn explained things to her the day before, she'd come away from that conversation more baffled than she'd been when she fell out of the sky onto the beach.

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  • She can't eat food, but she refuses to admit it to herself, Han explained to Pierre.

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  • Cynthia had missed the prior year's duel, and Dean explained the procedure.

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  • "Dusty likes presents," Damian explained, glancing at Sofia.

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  • Dean explained how she'd stopped him for speeding.

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  • Once alone, I telephoned Martha and explained that Howie had summoned Julie to California and Betsy and I would house Molly in her mother's absence.

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  • I asked the others after I'd explained Brennan's conversation.

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  • "I suppose he explained what he did to me, too," Katie snapped.

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  • The historians of culture are quite consistent in regard to their progenitors, the writers of universal histories, for if historical events may be explained by the fact that certain persons treated one another in such and such ways, why not explain them by the fact that such and such people wrote such and such books?

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  • He had never heard of "talking-gloves"; but I explained that she had seen a glove on which the alphabet was printed, and evidently thought they could be bought.

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  • Martha quickly explained, leaving Quinn's short fuse unlit.

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  • No one was in the kitchen, but a note from Sarah explained that she and Tammy had gone to town shopping again.

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  • I jumped in and explained that Molly was at our house and Julie was on route to the Boston airport.

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  • I explained I was interested in information on the now closed million dollar contest.

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  • I explained about Betsy's visit and our misinterpretation of Martha's note.

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  • I carefully explained again what Willard Humphries related of Grasso's conversations; that he had an isolated place where he brought his victims.

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  • Dean closed his eyes as Randy explained excitedly about an offer to play ball.

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  • Cynthia explained this was a second marriage and her first husband had died.

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  • A male voice answered and after Dean explained about the bone, he was told to bring it over.

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  • After the requisite comments on the beauties of Ouray and the surrounding mountains, Faust explained he was from California, here on business—for a short stay, he added.

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  • He explained he was off to the Langstroms' for supper.

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  • He explained his aborted visit to Lydia Larkin and watching as she embraced her boss.

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  • Dean had explained this to Cynthia when he returned Friday night.

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  • "Gabriel takes people to the underworld, body and all," Toby explained as he grasped the large man's gloved hand.

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  • All that she is, all that she has done, can be explained directly, except such things in every human being as never can be explained.

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  • Romas had felt no need to explain his insistence of her wearing it, but Evelyn had explained it acted as a visual identifying piece and also happened to open all the doors on the ship.

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  • Toll explained to Volkonski in Russian.

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  • I explained how an Agent connected my call to the Delaware murder of Marcia Stonehurst.

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  • It was explained to her that this was la grace.

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  • Before leaving, Jennifer Radisson explained that Josh had learned of Edith's new address in California—perhaps through some common friend—and had written his teenage sweetheart.

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  • I explained my tip to the FBI and my follow up extended conversation with Agent Brennan.

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  • I explained to her that some deaf children were taught to speak, but that they could see their teachers' mouths, and that that was a very great assistance to them.

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  • For it was Dr. Bell who first saw the principles that underlie Miss Sullivan's method, and explained the process by which Helen Keller absorbed language from books.

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  • She did not know the meaning of the word "plagiarism" until quite recently, when it was explained to her.

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  • He explained this to her with as much gravity as if she had asked him to do it.

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  • Let us write her a letter at once, and she'll come here and all will be explained, or else, my dear boy, let me tell you it's quite likely you'll have to suffer for it.

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  • Berg explained so clearly why he wanted to collect at his house a small but select company, and why this would give him pleasure, and why though he grudged spending money on cards or anything harmful, he was prepared to run into some expense for the sake of good society--that Pierre could not refuse, and promised to come.

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  • When later on in his memoirs Count Rostopchin explained his actions at this time, he repeatedly says that he was then actuated by two important considerations: to maintain tranquillity in Moscow and expedite the departure of the inhabitants.

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  • The man, a soldier with a sack over his shoulder, stopped, came close up to Dolokhov's horse, touched it with his hand, and explained simply and in a friendly way that the commander and the officers were higher up the hill to the right in the courtyard of the farm, as he called the landowner's house.

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  • Molly continued to hold Clair, even feeding her a bottle as Martha explained the mechanics of capturing mother's milk while the rest of us pretended not to listen.

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  • He looked bewildered as he explained the situation to us.

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  • Dean explained, as succinctly as possible, their concern for this child who'd spent six months in their care.

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  • Fred explained the beads—she'd gone to Mardi Gras—as he unceremoniously pushed Dean into the rear seat of the open vehicle.

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  • Dean explained that the miniature remains belonged to a very bad man.

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  • The coachman explained as well as he was able; and they rode onward.

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  • Before we began the story Miss Sullivan explained to me the things that she knew I should not understand, and as we read on she explained the unfamiliar words.

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  • We explained that it was done to keep Pearl from running away.

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  • And Prince Dolgorukov rapidly but indistinctly explained Weyrother's plan of a flanking movement.

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  • "We belong upon the face of the earth," explained the Wizard, "but recently, during an earthquake, we fell down a crack and landed in the Country of the Mangaboos."

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  • I had a good, frank talk with Mrs. Keller, and explained to her how difficult it was going to be to do anything with Helen under the existing circumstances.

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  • He was attentive as Betsy and I explained our wedding plans and his hosts talked about Martha's pregnancy.

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  • He explained no cigarettes were found with the remains Fitzgerald brought to Bird Song nor was there any such evidence when the Deans visited the site.

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  • She was an author, she explained with a puff of her ample bosom, and had just returned from Roswell, New Mexico, Mecca of the strange and alien.

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  • Dean told her Donnie was a guest at Bird Song and explained the lad, only slightly older than Martha, did not speak.

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  • Dean explained to his wife the number of times in his police career he'd seen battered women refuse to follow through when confronted by their abusive mate.

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  • He explained each time what I did not understand in the previous lesson, assigned new work, and took home with him the Greek exercises which I had written during the week on my typewriter, corrected them fully, and returned them to me.

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  • I remember she asked me if I liked little Pearl, and explained some of the words that had puzzled me.

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  • The Rt. Rev. Phillips Brooks has explained to her in a beautiful way the fatherhood of God.

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  • Our Order imitates the ancient societies that explained their teaching by hieroglyphics.

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  • When he reached Kiev he sent for all his stewards to the head office and explained to them his intentions and wishes.

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  • "But that's just the same as myself--they are not others," explained Prince Andrew.

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  • Rostov explained that he wanted to see Major Denisov of the hussars, who was wounded.

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  • In Prince Andrew's eyes Speranski was the man he would himself have wished to be--one who explained all the facts of life reasonably, considered important only what was rational, and was capable of applying the standard of reason to everything.

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  • My benefactor then explained to me fully the meaning of the Great Square of creation and pointed out to me that the numbers three and seven are the basis of everything.

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  • But Berg, smiling pleasantly, explained that if he did not know for certain how much Vera would have and did not receive at least part of the dowry in advance, he would have to break matters off.

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  • Having briefly and exactly explained her wishes to him, she let him go to the drawing room.

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  • Denisov rose and began gesticulating as he explained his plan to Bolkonski.

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  • He explained his wish to be present at the battle and to see the position.

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  • He understood that latent heat (as they say in physics) of patriotism which was present in all these men he had seen, and this explained to him why they all prepared for death calmly, and as it were lightheartedly.

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  • Vasilchikov and Platov had already seen the count and explained to him that it was impossible to defend Moscow and that it would have to be surrendered.

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  • In reply to his last question Pierre again explained who Makar Alexeevich was and how just before their arrival that drunken imbecile had seized the loaded pistol which they had not had time to recover from him, and begged the officer to let the deed go unpunished.

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  • Having similarly explained his views and his magnanimity to Tutolmin, he dispatched that old man also to Petersburg to negotiate.

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  • People have called this kind of war "guerrilla warfare" and assume that by so calling it they have explained its meaning.

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  • If instead of a divine power some other force has appeared, it should be explained in what this new force consists, for the whole interest of history lies precisely in that force.

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  • Is the ferment of the peoples of the west at the end of the eighteenth century and their drive eastward explained by the activity of Louis XIV, XV, and XVI, their mistresses and ministers, and by the lives of Napoleon, Rousseau, Diderot, Beaumarchais, and others?

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  • Is the movement of the peoples at the time of the Crusades explained by the life and activity of the Godfreys and the Louis-es and their ladies?

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  • I woke him up but he listened intently while I explained what I wanted he and Howie to do.

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  • I explained the situation briefly and the patrolman recognized I was the object of the call he'd just received from Jackson.

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  • I explained to Howie as I dialed the police officer's number.

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  • He explained how he'd tossed the liquor bottle he found at the site of the wrecked Jeep.

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  • "He explained he.s tried to do his best but doesn.t always succeed, like anyone, Katherine," Hannah said.

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  • "This is the dress that came with the letters," she explained to Edith.

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  • In my account of Helen last year, I mentioned several instances where she seemed to have called into use an inexplicable mental faculty; but it now seems to me, after carefully considering the matter, that this power may be explained by her perfect familiarity with the muscular variations of those with whom she comes into contact, caused by their emotions.

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  • He explained how an army, ninety thousand strong, was to threaten Prussia so as to bring her out of her neutrality and draw her into the war; how part of that army was to join some Swedish forces at Stralsund; how two hundred and twenty thousand Austrians, with a hundred thousand Russians, were to operate in Italy and on the Rhine; how fifty thousand Russians and as many English were to land at Naples, and how a total force of five hundred thousand men was to attack the French from different sides.

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  • The lieutenant explained how to rivet the hoof and went away to his own quarters.

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  • Some said the report that the Emperor was wounded was correct, others that it was not, and explained the false rumor that had spread by the fact that the Emperor's carriage had really galloped from the field of battle with the pale and terrified Ober-Hofmarschal Count Tolstoy, who had ridden out to the battlefield with others in the Emperor's suite.

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  • When he had become a little quieter, he explained to Rostov that he was living with his mother, who, if she saw him dying, would not survive it.

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  • I explained that Uncle Frank was old, and couldn't learn braille easily.

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  • Later, in their room, Alex explained.

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  • Why that was so important to him, she wasn't sure, and he never explained.

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  • Martha, who was now displaying her pregnancy, quickly explained.

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  • My wife purchased a soft drink; to get some change, she explained.

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  • It's like a chess game, and the humans are pawns to be used and destroyed, he explained.

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  • Jenn snorted, wondering how she explained there was only one vamp in an entire organization of inhuman blood suckers that gave her the creeps.

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  • "That should unlock the rest of your gift," he explained.

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  • It was a time of great tumult, and the gateway between the two realms was sealed away for eternity, he explained.

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  • "He's a Hunter vamp we borrowed from Jonny," she explained.

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  • We rotate every twelve months or so, Han explained.

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  • I would say it was a rough lesson in history when the kings of my time learned that killing a woman with the intent to bring her back as your servant doesn't really work as they'd planned, he explained.

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  • Sasha manages the operations for Dusty out of Miami and Levi for Jule in Europe, Damian explained.

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  • As my mate, you are able to use a limited amount of my power, he explained.

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  • She may live an eternity, even if her soul comes to you eventually, Darkyn explained.

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  • He wouldn't say much else, other than she cannot be fixed with the magic of Hell, Wynn explained.

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  • "By letting them attack you, Harmony made a personal affront to the Dark One," Gabriel explained.

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  • Whatever my half-brother did to her, that should fix it, he explained.

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  • "Maria's not Spanish," he explained.

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  • She's staying with her boyfriend, Fred explained.

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  • When Dean shook his head and wondered aloud why Westlake, who obviously wasn't poor, would mess around with five and ten-dollar items, Fred explained.

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  • "It's rush hour," Cora explained.

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  • "They've been moving through the portal in Hell," Tymkyn explained.

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  • The only emotions I felt had to be so intense and when they were, they still felt nothing like those I know now, she explained.

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  • He's unstoppable otherwise, she explained.

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  • "Carmen appreciates the simple things in life," Alex explained.

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  • A letter in one place might mean something completely different somewhere else, Tamer explained.

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  • It's been quiet due to the cease-fire called by the Council, he explained.

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  • "His ma said he could take a stroll up town with me," Fred explained.

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  • Claire Quincy had donned reading glasses and was scrutinizing the letters as Fred O'Connor followed his notes and explained the information on Annie Quincy he had gathered at the library.

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  • As soon as the couple joined Fred behind the closed door of their office-sitting room, Dean explained the identity of their new guest.

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  • Dean explained how they suspected it was Shipton who had frightened Donnie on the ski slope in Telluride.

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  • Effie explained effusively how she and her sister had spent the day resurrecting their long lost great-aunt, whom Dean wondered if they were about to dub Saint Annie.

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  • Cynthia entered the room and explained the general menus and pricing of the various restaurants in town.

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  • "They're what you wear on your feet," Ryland explained.

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  • "That ring is called the carabineer," Ryland explained.

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  • Cynthia joined her husband who explained the strange happenings.

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  • Fred took on the air of a learned professor as he explained.

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  • Dean explained the phone call from Indiana and Cynthia's general displeasure, particularly with Jerome Shipton.

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  • He could feel her tense against him as he explained in detail the late night suicide and the termination of the police investigation.

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  • Dean explained how Annie Quincy too had ended her life, in a carbon copy fashion, with Edith mimicking the century-old life to its final extreme.

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  • "I was on my way to Bird Song this afternoon," she explained as he peddled up to her car.

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  • The young girl explained Cynthia had just left for Duckett's Market to pick up a few items but Fred was up in his room, working on his computer.

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  • Cynthia had spotted him coming up the walk, Martha explained, and managed to remain out of sight while Fred helped Shipton lug down the belongings.

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  • Frederick turned his head away to gaze outside the coach; the rictus on his face explained his reticence to speak.

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  • If you had given me a second before ripping me a new one, I would have explained that I do not want her 'to do my bidding' as you so eloquently put it.

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  • He explained the absence of his fangs.

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  • He explained the construction of the room and its purposes.

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  • Jackson explained Sarah's wishes on the way to the bar.

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  • Jackson and Elisabeth led the newlyweds outside as Jackson explained, This is a little late.

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  • He explained the situation to Katie and added.

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  • None of which explained why Alex had stopped to see Lori first.

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  • It was my attempt at humor, he explained, not unaffected by her concern.

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  • "These doctors will take care of the injured," Planey explained.

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  • Both Elise and the Guardian were grim about the world outside the compound, and neither explained exactly why.

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  • I explained that she needs to do what I say or else.

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  • "We call it diplomacy," Mr. Tim explained.

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  • It's safer here, and the supplies are dropped off every day about this time, Kelli explained.

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  • "One for your stuff and one to sit on," Kelli explained, ducking into one such room and holding up the blanket acting as a door for Lana to enter.

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  • The kids get snacks twice a day, Melissa explained, leading them into the building smelling of bread.

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  • When he no longer heals instantly, the shots are wearing off, Ully explained.

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  • "After I left the Sanctuary, I guess you could say I had a visitor who told me about Lilith and why you killed her.  How she was working with the Dark One to try to drag Kris and the rest of us down to Hell," Kiki explained.

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  • I don't know what the consequences will be, Darkyn explained.

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  • I came here and hid out, Jared explained.

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  • "There's a secret portal in the underworld, similar to the one here in Hell that allows Immortals to come in and out.  It's how I could visit you when you were in Sasha's zoo," Gabe explained.  "I couldn't take Katie through the shadow world place, because Death and Darkyn had assassins waiting for me to step foot in there.  The secret portal is in Death's palace."

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  • "I'm not sure.  I was at home when someone broke in.  I heard someone screaming then something hot went straight through me.  Everything went black, and I woke up here," the woman explained.

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  • "I don't know.  It's my curse and sometimes, my blessing.  I'm immune to young magic," Katie explained.  "I assume this tree isn't that old."

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  • In truth, it might not have altered my decision, but it's a little late for holding millennia-old grudges, Kris explained.

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  • Cynthia Byrne explained, in nervous little spurts, how she had heard the news of her husband's disappearance.

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  • Dean waited until she stopped for a breath and then rapidly explained they were doing all they could, would be in touch, thanked her and hung up.

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  • Dean explained he'd just arrived in Norfolk and there was nothing new in the search for her husband's body.

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  • He briefly explained the situation to Winston, who had no problem detouring for the short time it would take to question the youth.

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  • Rita typed the second expanded Byrne report, with only a mildly raised eye­brow after Dean explained more would be added later.

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  • Dean explained about his visit from Byrne's fellow employee and the young man's story about the possible girl friend.

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  • Winston explained to Dean.

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  • Dean hadn't given that much thought but he remembered what Vinnie Baratto had said about the Maryland eastern shore and explained it was across the Chesapeake Bay.

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  • Dean explained Cynthia Byrne's request for as much detail as possible in his report to help her obtain a death certificate.

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  • When Dean explained the recent happenings, both men turned serious.

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  • He explained about the tire repair kit.

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  • Dean explained he'd promised Cynthia Byrne a report, detailed beyond the usual, in an effort to help her in obtaining a death certificate.

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  • "Moonlighting a bit" was how he explained it.

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  • Dean reluctantly explained Fred O'Connor's idea about the newspaper subscription and the fact that a paper had been sent to Scranton to a somewhat mysterious occupant.

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  • Cynthia explained it away, saying it was about time she moved to a smaller place.

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  • He was gonna just leave a message but I explained I knew all about the case.

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  • When it quieted down, Dean explained Arthur Atherton's dis­appearance to the lieutenant.

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  • However, as soon as Dean explained his suspicions concerning the bugging of their phone, he captured Fred's full attention.

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  • Dean explained to his stepfather Cynthia's impromptu trip to the shore after receiving Atherton's letter.

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  • Dean explained Atherton's recent disappearance and the strange return of the escrow money.

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  • Winston explained that Arthur had recently contacted the government about supplying information on his Philadelphia clients because, he claimed, he was beginning to get nervous.

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  • If it was none of his business, why had she explained - given him proof?

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  • She explained it that way to Alex and he thought she might be grieving her virginity.

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  • That explained the note, but why was it written in Spanish?

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  • Maybe that explained her difficulty in justifying desire – the futility of it.

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  • Maybe that explained her dark mood.

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  • That explained a lot of things, like why he had insisted she keep the farm in her name, and his anger that day in the barn.

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  • "The hill protects them from the cold wind," she explained briefly.

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  • So that's how he had explained her relationship with Josh.

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  • The Others have their own, the Watcher explained.

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  • It was the only thing that explained why she tried to push him away.

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  • "Yesterday. It's another reason I was so harsh with you last night," he explained.

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  • You ask me one, I do the same, he explained.

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  • "We're not like other clans," she explained.

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  • "It's how she heals people," Lean explained at his puzzled look.

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  • We can still break through those in the north provided we alert our allies and pull in the southern armies, Hilden explained.

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  • Vara's men took her away to protect her from the fighting, Hilden explained.

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  • "Rissa was his mate," Vara explained.

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  • Carmen explained what had happened and introduced Alex with a point of the finger.

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  • Later Carmen and Alex had explained to Jonathan that he was too young for the responsibility of a cell phone.

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  • He's never explained that to me.

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  • Felipa watched the children while Carmen showed the men where she wanted the fence and explained how she wanted the gate in the existing fence.

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  • "Mommy isn't feeling well right now," she explained.

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  • "That's how I hung up on him," Carmen explained.

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  • She explained the map and Megan tucked it in her pocket.

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  • She explained why she was in Fayetteville and mentioned that Keaton had braved the storm to be with her.

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  • Heat and exhaustion might have explained the instant fury that welled up in her throat and filled her voice with rancor.

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  • "It's why I've done what I have," she explained.

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  • It explained why Jonny didn't kill her, but it didn't explain why he hadn't turned her.

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  • Their parents died a few years ago, she explained.

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  • "If you want to get a red-based stain out, you have to use lemon, dish soap and hot water," she explained.

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  • It explained why he was so unsettled with this woman; she was intruding in his orderly place of refuge.

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  • It makes sense to me, he explained, a small smile on his face.

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  • It explained the storm-cloud energy and how he'd broken her forearm with no effort.

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  • "There are slight flavor variances from person-to-person," he explained.

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  • It's a gift a few of us have, Jenn explained.

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  • She smiled at him, troubled yet gazing at him in a way that explained why she didn't just throw the necklace away.

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  • The last memory she had was of purple lightening, a cold, dark place and the damned Other, none of which explained how she ended up here.

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  • Early in 1306 he modified or explained away those features of the bulls Clericis Laicos and Unam sanctam which were particularly offensive to the king.

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  • That Leo did not do more to check the tendency toward heresy and schism in Germany and Scandinavia is to be partially explained by the political complications of the time, and by his own preoccupation with schemes of papal and Medicean aggrandizement in Italy.

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  • The observed facts as to polarization are thus readily explained, and the general law connecting the intensity of the scattered light with the wave-length follows almost as easily from considerations of dimensions.

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  • Selim determined on war with Persia, where the heresy was the prevalent religion, and in order that the Shiites in Turkey should give no trouble during the war, "measures were taken," as the Turkish historian states, which may be explained as the reader desires, and which proved fully efficacious.

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  • The inaction of Maximilian at this time is explained by the condition of affairs in Hungary, where the death of king Matthias Corvinus had brought about a struggle for this throne.

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  • The book will contain four essays, all in French, with the general title of Project of a Universal science, capable of raising our nature to its highest perfection; also Dioptrics, Meteors and Geometry, wherein the most curious matters which the author could select as a proof of the universal science which he proposes are explained in such a way that even the unlearned may understand them.'

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  • of Paris - its learned professors not more than the courtiers and the fair sex, flocked to hear the new doctrines explained, and possibly discuss their value.

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  • Practically it came to be the theological dicta of the church, explained according to the philosophy of Aristotle and his Arabian commentators.

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  • The purely philosophical theories of Aquinas are explained in the article Scholasticism.

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  • The life of trust in God is a fact, not so much to be explained as to explain everything else.

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  • His divergencies from the Pentateuchal code gave rise to serious doubts, but, after prolonged study, the discrepancies were explained, and the book was finally canonized (Shah.

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  • Every evening extracts from his great works, the Canon and the Sanatio, were dictated and explained to his pupils; among whom, when the lesson was over, he spent the rest of the night in festive enjoyment with a band of singers and players.

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  • Fortunately, however, Robert Napier had transcribed his father's manuscript De Arte Logistica, and the copy escaped the fate of the originals in the manner explained in the following note, written in the volume containing them by Francis, seventh Lord Napier: "John Napier of Merchiston, inventor of the logarithms, left his manuscripts to his son Robert, who appears to have caused the following pages to have been written out fair from his father's notes, for Mr Briggs, professor of geometry at Oxford.

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  • The principle of "Napier's bones" may be easily explained by imagir:ing ten rectangular slips of cardboard, each divided into nine squares.

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  • The various church courts, familiar to us now as Presbyterian, are explained.

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  • Her medism in 4 91 is to be explained by her commercial relations with the Persian Empire.

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  • It is quite consistent with the evidence to suppose that a seven-day week was in use in Babylonia, but each item may be explained differently, and a definite proof does not exist.

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  • The chemical characters of the well-waters, the irregular distribution of the water-pressure, the distribution of the underground thermal gradients, and the occurrence in some of the wells of a tidal rise and fall of a varying period, are facts which are not explained on the simple hydrostatic theory.

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  • Modern naturalists consider that many of the problems of Australia's remarkable fauna and flora can be best explained by the following hypothesis: - The region now covered by the antarctic ice-cap was in early Tertiary times favoured by a mild climate; here lay an antarctic continent or archipelago.

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  • For the natural realist stands upon the common-sense position that minds and material objects have equally effective existence; while the idealist explains matter by mind and denies that mind can be explained by matter.

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  • This arrangement can be duplexed in the way already explained, by providing differential relays and arranging for the outgoing currents to divide differentially through the two relays at each end.

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  • Elec. Eng., 27, p. 938.) It may be explained as follows: - Suppose a battery on shore to have one pole earthed and the other connected to an insulated submarine cable, the distant end of which was also earthed; if now a galvanometer is inserted anywhere in the cable, a current will be found flowing through the cable and returning by various paths through the sea.

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  • The circumstances under which, at an extraordinary general chapter convoked by him shortly after his return, he resigned the office of ministergeneral (September 1220) are explained in the article Franciscans: here, as illustrating the spirit of the man, it is in place to cite the words in which his abdication was couched: "Lord, I give Thee back this family which Thou didst entrust to me.

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  • The phenomenon of emigration in Sicily cannot altogether be explained by low wages, which have risen, though prices have done the same.

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  • Duty must be accepted as a given certainty, or it is vindicated - unsatisfactorily enough, perhaps - in the way just explained.

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  • Reciprocal action is explained away into a " preestablished harmony " between every monad and all others.

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  • These useful distinctions are stated and well explained in W.

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  • The Three Sermons also point to a moral argument for theism, but forbear to press it (Sermon ii.; when the third sense of the word " Nature " is being explained).

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  • And, in some sense not clearly explained, Hegel identifies this final religion with Christianity.

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  • Secondly, there is the evidence from the development, namely, the presence of the entocodon in the medusa-bud, a structure which, as explained above, can only be accounted for satisfactorily by derivation from a medusan type of organization.

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  • The two kinds of persons present in the typical Hydroidea make the classification of the group extremely difficult, for reasons explained above.

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  • By this writer the world is explained as a product of three principles - dead matter, and two active forces, heat and cold.

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  • The development of man is explained in connexion with that of the earth, and in relation to climatic variations, &c.

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  • The order of the inorganic world is explained by properly physical causes.

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  • The great work that is going on is the simplification of the facts to be explained by grouping them under empirical laws; and the most general statement relating to these that can yet be made is that no single one of these laws has as yet shown signs of taking rank as a vera causa comparable with the Darwinian principle of natural selection.

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  • (3) The phenomena might be explained solely on the basis of Judaism (von Soden, Peake).

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  • The formation and gradually increasing thickness of its bark are explained by the continually increasing need of adequate protection to the living cortex, under the strain of the increasing framework which the enormous multiplication of its living protoplasts demands, and the development of which leads to continual rupture of the exterior.

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  • Baeyers hypothesis was entertained by botanists partly because it explained the gaseous interchanges accompanying photosynthesis.

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  • The nitrogen of the atmosphere is not called into requisition, except by a few plants and under special conditions, as will be explained later.

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  • The various degrees of parasitism are to a certain extent explained by the foregoing.

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  • The interesting occurrence of certain halophytes and hemi-halophytes on sea-shores and also on mountains is probably to be explained by the past distribution of the species in question.

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  • This, as will be explained, did not take place to anything like the same extent in North America, the vegetation of which still preserves a more Miocene facies.

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  • In the New World, as already explained, the path of communication between the northerri and southern hemispheres has always been more or less open, and the temperate flora of southern America does not exhibit the isolation characteristic of the southern region of the Old World.

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  • In this way also the position of geography, at the point where physical science meets and mingles with mental science, is explained and justified.

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  • The only really aberrant modifications of the wing-muscles are found in the Ratitae, where they are, however, all easily explained by reduction, and in the penguins, where the wings are greatly specialized into blades for rowing with screw-like motions.

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  • Borelli (De motu animalium, Rome, 1680), explained that birds are enabled to grasp the twig on which they rest whilst sleeping, without having to make any muscular exertion, because the weight of the body bends the knee and ankle-joints, over both of which pass the tendons of this compound muscle.

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  • The name Mosheh, explained by the fact that the princess "drew him" (mash(th) out of the waters, means properly "one who draws"; a derivation from Eg.

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  • Roman Catholic writers, 4 however, have explained the prohibition to apply to matters of faith only, and in that case the Tridentine decree is little else than another form of the Vincentian canon which has been widely accepted in the Anglican communion: curandum est ut id teneamus quod ubique, quod semper, quod ab omnibus creditum est.

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  • The name Masorah (Massorah) is usually derived from masar, to hand on, and explained as "tradition."

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  • 500), was succeeded by that of the Saboraim, who merely continued and explained the work of their The predecessors, and these again were followed by the (ieorsim.

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  • The book contains expressions such as daemones, angelica virtus, and purgatoria dementia, which have been thought to be derived from the Christian faith; but they are used in a heathen sense, and are explained sufficiently by the circumstance that Boetius was on intimate terms with Christians.

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  • In 1749 he furnished a method of applying his principles to the motion of any body of a given figure; and in 1754 he solved the problem of the precession of the equinoxes, determined its quantity and explained the phenomenon of the nutation of the earth's axis.

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  • So too his son Isidorus explained the prophecies of a certain Parchor (= Barkoph) and appealed to the prophecies of Chain' (Clemens Alexandrinus, Stromat.

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  • This may be explained by a variety of causes, of which the chief is the maintenance by the Slays down to a very late period of gentile or tribal organization and gentile marriages, a fact vouched for, not only in the pages of the Russian chronicler Nestor, but still more by visible social evidences, the gens later developing into the village community, and the colonization being carried on by large co-ordinated bodies of people.

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  • Then suddenly, for reasons which cannot easily be explained, he inaugurated a reign of terror which lasted for twenty-four years and earned for him the epithet of "theTerrible."

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  • During a halt of a few days in Poland on his way back from Vienna, King Augustus had explained to him a project for partitioning the transBaltic provinces of Sweden, by which Poland should recover Livonia and annex Esthonia, Russia should obtain Ingria and Karelia, and Denmark should take possession of Holstein.

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  • It is perhaps noteworthy that Xavier himself never mentions Pinto; but the omission may be explained by the numerous gaps in his correspondence.

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  • of heterogenesis have limited themselves to cases of microscopic animals and plants, and in most cases, the observations that they have brought forward have been explained by minuter observation as cases of parasitism.

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  • Yet, if there is not a mass of scientific evidence, there are a number of witnesses - among them distinguished men of science and others of undoubted intelligence --who have convinced themselves by observation that phenomena occur which cannot be explained by known causes; and this fact must carry weight, even without careful records, when the witnesses are otherwise known to be competent and trustworthy observers.

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  • The text of the notice of the third Cadmus of Miletus in Suidas is unsatisfactory; and it is uncertain whether he is to be explained in the same way, or whether he was an historical personage, of whom all further record is lost.

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  • Her name has been explained as (I) "grain-mother," from 8na1, the Cretan form of "ECai, " barley," or (2) " earth-mother," or rather " mother earth," 86, being regarded as the Doric form of AI).

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  • Perhaps Erysichthon may be explained as the personification of the labourer, who by the systematic cultivation and tilling of the soil endeavours to force the crops, instead of allowing them to mature unmolested as in the good old times.

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  • The first has been explained as referring to the gloom of her abode, or the blackness of the withered corn.

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  • The union of Poseidon and Demeter is thus explained by Mannhardt.

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  • The rotation of the planets on their axes is also explained as a consequence of the nebular theory, for at the time of the first formation of the planet it must have participated in the rotation of the whole nebula, and by the subsequent contraction of the planet the speed with which the rotation was performed must have been accelerated.

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  • Newcomb: "At the present time we can only say that the nebular hypothesis is indicated by the general tendencies of the laws of nature, that it has not been proved to be inconsistent with any fact, that it is almost a necessary consequence of the only theory by which we can account for the origin and conservation of the sun's heat, but that it rests on the assumption that this conservation is to be explained by the laws of nature as we now see them in operation.

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  • For instance, the swampy character of malarial areas is explained by their breeding in stagnant water; the effect of drainage, and the general immunity of high-lying, dry localities, by the lack of breeding facilities; the danger of the night air, by their nocturnal habits; the comparative immunity of the upper storeys of houses, by the fact that they fly low; the confinement of malaria to well-marked areas and the diminution of danger with distance, by their habit of clinging to the breeding-grounds and not flying far.

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  • They belong to the group of Protozoa, and, as already explained, have a double cycle of existence: (I) a sexual cycle in the body of the mosquito, (2) an asexual cycle in the blood of human beings.

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  • in several directions, suggested by the facts already explained.

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  • It has, moreover, been remarked that almost all the animals mentioned were at home in the Egypt of those days, or at least, like the elephant, were to be seen there occasionally, whereas the structure of the hedgehog, for instance, is explained by a reference to the sea-porcupine, better known to fish-buyers on the Mediterranean.

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  • It is customary to divide the Orthorrhapha into the two divisions Nematocera and Brachycera, in the former of which the antennae are elongate and in a more or less primitive condition, as described above, while in the latter these organs are short, and, as already explained, apparently composed of only three joints.

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  • Scholars are now almost unanimously agreed that the internal features are best explained by the Graf-Wellhausen hypothesis.

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  • If, as seems probable, the continued methodical investigation, which is demanded by the advance of modern knowledge, becomes more drastic in its results, it will recognize ever more clearly that there were certain unique influences in the history of Palestine which cannot be explained by purely historical research.

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  • Briefly, it may be explained here that Easter day is the first Sunday after the full moon following the vernal equinox.

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  • Ultimately a cycle of 19 years was accepted, and it is the use of this cycle which makes the Golden Number and Sunday Letter, explained in the preface to the Book of Common Prayer, necessary.

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  • He found there, as he subsequently explained, the most confused ideas current as to the aims of the Allies in the war, and deliberate perversions circulated by enemy agents.

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  • At a printing-press established in Walther's house by Regiomontanus, Purbach's Theoricae planetarum novae was published in 1472 or 1473; a series of popular calendars issued from it, and in 1474 a volume of Ephemerides calculated by Regiomontanus for thirty-two years (1474-1506), in which the method of "lunar distances," for determining the longitude at sea, was recommended and explained.

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  • 25) means by the shore and not on the sea, by supplying circumstances omitted by the author, by remembering that the author produces as miracles occurrences which can now be explained otherwise, e.g.

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  • But the attendance of the crowd can be otherwise explained.

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  • On the principles we have explained, therefore, the Ricardian economics should supply just that body of general theory which is required in the investigation of modern economic problems, and the reputation of at any rate the leading writers should be as great as ever.

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  • The figures which are given here of various Pectinibranchia are in most cases ' YP sufficiently explained by the references attached to them.

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  • Recent research has, however, explained how it came about that a son born on the earlier date received the name Nabulione (Napoleon).

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  • The sanctity with which water is invested by the Mandaeans is to be explained by the fact that Ea has his seat "in the depths of the world sea."

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  • 396-434, where the terminology is explained; idem, Synaxarium ecclesiae Constantinopolitanae e codice Sirmondiano (Brussels, 1902), forming the volume Propylaeum ad acta sanctorum novembris.

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  • 17), is the mouth or oral piece; the second, explained by the presence of a " latent endoderm-group " in those the antennal segment; the third, the intercalary or prae-mandibular invaginations.

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  • It is almost impossible to believe that any species of insect that has for a long period developed the wings outside the body could change this mode of growth suddenly for an internal mode of development of the organs in question, for, as we have already explained, the two modes of growth are directly opposed.

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  • In most respects, the shortened abdomen, for example, they are more specialized than the Thysanura, and most of the features in which they appear to be simple, such as the absence of a tracheal system and of compound eyes, can be explained as the result of degradation.

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  • The fascinating difficulties presented to the student by the metamorphosis of the Hexapoda are to some extent explained, as he ponders over the evolution of the class.

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  • The history of the false Smerdis is narrated by Herodotus and Ctesias according to official traditions; Cambyses before his death confessed to the murder of his brother, and in public explained the whole fraud.

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  • pp. 69-101, and especially pp. 135, 136), which appeared in 1818, Geoffroy St-Hilaire explained the views he had adopted at greater length.

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  • This will perhaps be the most convenient place to mention another kind of classification of birds, which, based on a principle wholly different from those that have just been explained, requires a few words, though it has not been productive, parte.

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  • These terms were explained in his great work L' Organisation du regne animal, oiseaux, begun in 1855, to mean exactly the same as those applied by Merrem to his two primary divisions.

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  • One of them is said to be " irritability," and, though this is explained to mean, not " muscular strength alone, but vivacity and activity generally," ' it does not seem to form a character that can be easily appreciated either as to quantity or quality; in fact, most persons would deem it quite immeasurable, and, as such, removed from practical consideration.

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  • 3 Perhaps this may be partially explained by the fact that the Museum of the College of Surgeons, in which these investigations were chiefly carried on, like most other museums of the time, contained a much larger series of the heads of birds than of their entire skeletons, or of any other portion of the skeleton.

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  • His kingly office had come to him from Pelops through the blood-stained hands of Atreus and Thyestes, and had brought with it a certain fatality which explained the hostile destiny which pursued him.

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  • Physical action is, therefore, impression, or transmission of force in lines, and must accordingly be explained geometrically.

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  • Malak-bel has been explained as " messenger of Bel "; but more probably Malak is the common Babylonian epithet malik given to various gods, and means " counsellor "; Malak-bel will then be the sun as the visible representative of Bel.

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  • That life cannot be explained by force is recognized by Sir Oliver Lodge.

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  • " Life may be something not only ultra-terrestrial, but even immaterial, something outside our present categories of matter and energy; as real as they are, but different, and utilizing them for its own purpose " (Life and Matter, p. 198), The theory of psychophysical parallelism recognizes that while there is a correspondence between mental and material phenomena, changes in the mind and changes in the brain, the former cannot be explained by the latter, as the transition from the one to the other is unthinkable.

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  • There may be cases which cannot be explained in this way; but " whatever may be thought about them, it is plain that even if these and their like are really to be traced to the intervention of the divine mercy which loves to reward a.

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  • Neander's theological position can only be explained in connexion with Schleiermacher, and the manner in which while adopting he modified and carried out the principles of his master.

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  • It may be explained by reference to the peculiar conditions of the kingdom.

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  • Greater freedom of moulding and the use of trefoil and cinquefoil may be, but need not be, explained in this way.

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  • It then often retains its vitality for a long time, apparently crawling as if it were itself a worm, a phenomenon which is at least partially explained by the extraordinary development of nervous tissue, equally distributed all through the walls of the proboscis, and either united into numerous longitudinal nerve-stems (Drepanophorus, Amphiporus) or spread out into a uniform and comparatively thick layer (Cerebratulus, sp.).

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  • He immediately began to complain to Hyde, earl of Clarendon, of the poverty of the see, and based claims for a better benefice on a certain secret service, which he explained on the 20th of January 1661 to be the sole invention of the Eikon Basilike, The Pourtraicture of his sacred Majestic in his Solitudes and Sufferings put forth within a few hours after the execution of Charles I.

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  • The other view traces it to khem or khame, hieroglyph khmi, which denotes black earth as opposed to barren sand, and occurs in Plutarch as XvAda; on this derivation alchemy is explained as meaning the " Egyptian art."

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  • 11) has hardly been satisfactorily explained; perhaps the text has suffered.

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  • Its Greek name, "Aopvos, was explained to mean that no bird could fly across it.

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  • Metallurgical operations, such as smelting, roasting, and refining, were scientifically investigated, and in some degree explained, by Georg Agricola and Carlo Biringuiccio; ceramics was studied by Bernard Palissy, who is also to be remembered as an early worker in agricultural chemistry, having made experiments on the effect of manures on soils and crops; while general technical chemistry was enriched by Johann Rudolf Glauber.1

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  • This difference in behaviour of the three elements, chlorine, bromine and iodine, which in many respects exhibit considerable resemblance, may be explained in the following manner.

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  • Theoretical speculations were revived by Lavoisier, who, having explained the nature of combustion and determined methods for analysing compounds, concluded that vegetable substances ordinarily contained carbon, hydrogen and oxygen, while animal substances generally contained, in addition to these elements, nitrogen, and sometimes phosphorus and sulphur.

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  • At this time there existed a belief, held at a later date by Berzelius, Gmelin and many others, that the formation of organic compounds was conditioned by a so-called vital force; and the difficulty of artificially realizing this action explained the supposed impossibility of synthesizing organic compounds.

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  • The diaminobenzene resulting from two of these acids is the ortho-compound; from three, the meta-; and from one the para-; this is explained by the following scheme: CH NH, NH, NH., IAO NH, N / NH HooCCNH, Cooh Nh, W.

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  • Strecker to be trichloracetoacrylic acid, was more favourably explained by his formula than by Ladenburg's.

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  • This is obviously unsymmetrical, consisting of an aliphatic and an aromatic nucleus; Claus explained the formation of the same phthalic acid from the oxidation of either nucleus by supposing that if the aromatic group be oxidized, the aliphatic residue assumes the character of a benzene nucleus.

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  • The quinonoid structure of many coloured compounds has been proved experimentally, as, for example, by Hewitt for the benzene-azo-phenols, and Hantzsch for triaminotriphenyl methane and acridine derivatives; but, at the same time, many substances cannot be so explained.

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  • (3) If a colourless compound gives a coloured one on solution or by salt-formation, the production of colour may be explained as a particular form of ionization (Baeyer), or by a molecular rearrangement (Hantzsch).

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  • The difference between friars and monks is explained in article Monasticism.

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  • Marco Polo mentions such charts; Vasco da Gama (1498) found them in the hands of his Indian pilot, and their nature is fully explained in the Mohit or encyclopaedia of the sea compiled from ancient sources by the Turkish admiral Sidi Ali Ben Hosein in 1554.1 These charts are covered with a close network of lines intersecting each other at right angles.

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  • Mercator constructed it graphically, the mathematical principles underlying it being first explained by E.

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  • The cause of this attachment to and veneration for the dog is, however, explained in a far more probable and pleasing way than by many of the fables of ancient mythology.

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  • The case of James Nayler (1617?-1660), who, in spite of Fox's grave warning, allowed Messianic homage to be paid to him, is the best known of these instances; they are to be explained partly by mental disturbance, resulting from the undue prominence of a single idea, and partly by the general religious excitement of the time and the rudeness of manners prevailing in the classes of society from which many of these individuals came.

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  • He explained not only the gods but also the heroes Agamemnon, Achilles, Hector, as representing primary elements and natural phenomena.

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  • It is explained by Cicero as being due to his theory that the scepticism of Carneades was merely a means of attacking the Stoics on their own ground.

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  • He still retained a small quantum of intuitive beliefs, and did not appear to see that the very existence of these could not be explained by his theory of mental action.

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  • The nature of the engagements to go and work on the plantations was not fully explained to them, and they were hired for periods exceeding the legal term.

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  • Of course, he adds, the extraordinary fact which stands to be explained is that.

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  • (5) Every letter of a word is reduced to its numerical value, and the word is explained by another of the same quantity.

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  • The great stature of Og is explained in the passage of Deuteronomy mentioned by the statement that he was of the remnant of the aboriginal Rephaim.

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  • 17 ff.) they are regarded as disciplinary; the Yahweh speeches declare man's inability to understand God's dealings; the prosperity of the wicked is nowhere explained.

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  • in diameter, sometimes surmounted by trees in the midst of a treeless plain and sometimes arranged in circles and on radii, and decreasing in size with distance from the centre of the field - has been variously explained.

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  • The census of 1887 showed a population of 1,631,687, that of 1899 a population of 1,572,7 9 2 (the decrease of 3.6% is explained by the intervening war); and by the census of 1 9 07 there were 2,048,980 inhabitants, 30.3% more"than in 1899.

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  • Beckmann, Ber., 1886, 1 9, p. 9 8 9; 188 7, 20, p. 2580), yielding as final products an acid-amide or anilide, thus: RC(:N OH)R'-RC(OH) :NR' ---> As regards the constitution of the oximes, two possibilities exist, namely >C: NOH, or > C' ?, and the first of these is presumably correct, since on alkylation and subsequent hydrolysis an alkyl hydroxylamine of the type NH 2 OR is obtained, and consequently it is to be presumed that in the alkylated oxime, the alkyl group is attached to oxygen, and the oxime itself therefore contains the hydroxyl group. It is to be noted that the oximes of aromatic aldehydes and of unsymmetrical aromatic ketones frequently exist in isomeric forms. This isomerism is explained by the HantzschWerner hypothesis (Ber., 1890, 23, p. II) in which the assumption is made that the three valencies of the nitrogen atom do not lie in the same plane.

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  • It is more fully explained by him, with later simplifications, in Principia mathematics (Cambridge).

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  • The founder of the modern point of view, explained in this article, was Leibnitz, who, however, was so far in advance of contemporary thought that his ideas remained neglected and undeveloped until recently; cf.

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  • Thus it is explained in the preface to the budget that the revenues " proceeding from the deposed sultan " are not classed together under one heading, but that they have been apportioned to the various sections under which they should fall " whether taxes on house property or property not built upon, tithes, aghnam, forests, mines, cadastre, sport, military equipment, private domains of the state, various receipts, proceeds of sales, rents " - a truly comprehensive list which by no means set a limit to the private resources of Abd-ul-Hamid II., who looked upon the customs also as a convenient reserve on which he could, and did, draw when his privy purse was short of money.

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  • It is explained in the preface to the budget - that one of the abuses of the previous regime had been to obtain advances from credit establishments at high rates of interest varying from 7% to 9%, when it was found impossible to issue a public loan.

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  • The Hejaz railway figures in the budget for £T550,180, and it is explained that this will not only cover working expenses, but also the final completion of the line.

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  • On the 22nd of June the Russian army, under Prince Gorchakov, crossed the Pruth, not - as was explained in a circular to the powers - for the purpose of attacking Turkey, but solely to obtain the material guarantees for the enjoyment of the privileges conferred upon her by the existing treaties.

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  • Why Persian rather than Arabian or any other literature became the model of Ottoman writers is explained by the early history of the race (see Turks).

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  • The rationalists explained the ram on which Phrixus crossed the sea as the name or ornament of the ship on which he escaped.

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  • Politically Sumbawa, with its four independent states, belongs to the confederated states of the government of Celebes and its dependencies, a situation to be explained by the fact of the old supremacy of the Macassaresi over Sumbawa, Flores and Sumba.

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  • The expressions "tribu movere" and "aerarium facere," regarded by Mommsen as identical in meaning ("to degrade from a higher tribe to a lower"), are explained by A.

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  • If this is admitted the poverty of tropical sea-water in mineral nitrogen compounds is explained by the higher temperature, which accelerates the activity of denitrifying bacteria.

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  • The regional differences, as we have seen, can De explained by the regional difference of temperature.

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  • The obvious phenomena to be explained by any theory of electrolysis are the liberation of the products of chemical decomposition at the two electrodes while the intervening liquid is unaltered.

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  • If some of the anions, instead of being simple iodine ions represented chemically by the symbol I, are complex structures formed by the union of iodine with unaltered cadmium iodide - structures represented by some such chemical formula as I(CdI 2), the concentration of the solution round the anode would be increased by the passage of an electric current, and the phenomena observed would be explained.

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  • 3 The colour changes shown by many substances which are used as indicators of acids or alkalis can be explained in a similar way.

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  • These phenomena are explained by the existence of a reverse electromotive force at the surface of the platinum plates.

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  • The Report of the five bishops divides them into three schools: (1) the moralizing school, the oldest, by which - as in the case of St Jerome's treatment of the Jewish vestments - the vestments are explained as typical of the virtues proper to those who wear them; (2) the Christological school, i.e.

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  • This discovery explained the mutarotation of glucose.

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  • Clarke (1889-1893) supposes them to be substitution derivatives of normal aluminium orthosilicate A14(S104)3, in which part of the aluminium is replaced by alkalis, magnesium, iron and the univalent groups (MgF), (A1F2),(AlO), (MgOH); an excess of silica is explained by the isomorphous replacement of H 4 SiO 4 by the acid H4S130s.

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  • This phenomenon he explained as a "repulsion from radiation," and he expressed his discovery in the statement that in a vessel exhausted of air a body tends to move away from another body hotter than itself.

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  • The story of the slaying of Medusa by Athena, in which there is no certain evidence that she played a direct part, explained by Roscher as the scattering of the storm-cloud, probably arose from the fact that she is represented as wearing the Gorgon's head as a badge.

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  • Of these the aegis, usually explained as a storm-cloud, is probably intended as a battle-charm, like the Gorgon's head on the shield and the faces on the shields of Chinese soldiers; the owl probably represents the form under which she was worshipped in primitive times, and subsequently became her favourite bird (the epithet -yXavK6.)7rts, meaning "keen-eyed" in Homer, may have originally signified "owl-faced"); the snake, a common companion of the earth deities, probably refers to her connexion with ErechtheusErichthonius.

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  • Each discovery in turn was, according to the prevailing custom, announced to the learned world under the veil of an anagram - removed, in the case of the first, by the publication, early in 1656, of the little tract De Saturni luna observatio nova; but retained, as regards the second, until 1659, when in the Systema Saturnium the varying appearances of the so-called "triple planet" were clearly explained as the phases of a ring inclined at an angle of 28° to the ecliptic. Huygens was also in 1656 the first effective observer of the Orion nebula; he delineated the bright region still known by his name, and detected the multiple character of its nuclear star.

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  • His invention of the spiral watch-spring was explained in the Journal des savants (Feb.

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  • His part in the later phases of the Russo-Turkish struggle has never been fully explained, for with equal wisdom and generosity he declined to gratify public curiosity at the cost of some of his colleagues.

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  • From its use in the sense of regulated order comes the application of the term to a class in a school (" sixth form," " fifth form," &c.); this sense has been explained without sufficient ground as due to the idea of all children in the same class sitting on a single form (bench).

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  • Again, a steel wire through which an electric current has been passed will be magnetized, but so long as it is free from stress it will give no evidence of magnetization; if, however, the wire is twisted, poles will be developed at the two ends, for reasons which will be explained later.

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  • Ferromagnetism was explained by Ampere on the hypothesis that the magnetization of the molecule is due to an electric current constantly circulating within it.

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  • An electrically neutral atom is believed to be constituted in part, or perhaps entirely, of a definite number of electrons in rapid motion within a " sphere of uniform positive electrification " not yet explained.

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  • The process of electric conduction in metals consists in the movement of detached electrons, and many other phenomena, both electrical and thermal, can be more or less completely explained by their agency.

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  • Maxwell explained electric and magnetic forces, not by the action at a distance assumed by the earlier mathematicians, but by stresses in a medium filling all space, and possessing qualities like those attributed to the old luminiferous ether.

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  • The position of the Arachnida in the great sub-phylum Arthropoda, according to recent anatomical and embryological researches, is explained in the article Arthropoda.

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  • VII, Usually considered to be the tergum of the genital somite, but suggested by Pocock to be that of the other [According to the system of numbering explained in the text, if VII is the tergum of the praegenital somite (as is probable) it should be labelled Prg without any number, and the somites VIII to XIII should be lettered 1 to 6, indicating that they are the six normal somites of the mesosoma; whilst XV to XVIII should be replaced by the numbers 7 to 12 - an additional suppressed segment (making up the typical six) being reckoned to the metasomatic fusion.] (From Lankester, Q.

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  • [How the inversion of the nerve-end-cells and their connexion with the nerve-fibres is to be reconciled with the condition found in the adult, or with that of the monostichous eye, has not hitherto been explained.] (From Korschelt and Heider.) The great pericardial sinus is strongly developed in both animals.

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  • Schmidt thinks that the author of the former made use of the latter, James that the Acts of Peter and of John were by one and the same author, but Ficker is of opinion that their affinities can be explained by their derivation from the same ecclesiastical atmosphere and school of theological thought.

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  • The flora consists of 129 species of angiosperms, i Cycas, 22 ferns, and a few mosses, lichens and fungi, 17 of which are endemic, while a considerable number - not specifically distinct - form local varieties nearly all presenting Indo-Malayan affinities, as do the single Cycas, the ferns and the cryptogams. As to its fauna, the island contains 319 species of animals-54 only being vertebrates-145 of which are endemic. A very remarkable distributional fact in regard to them, and one not yet fully explained, is that a large number show affinity with species in the Austro-Malayan rather than in the Indo-Malayan, their nearer, region.

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  • This circumstance might, if it stood alone, be explained by placing Joel with Zephaniah in the brief interval between the decline of the empire of Nineveh and the advance of the Babylonians.

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  • The king is not mentioned - which on Credner's view is explained by assuming that the plague fell in the minority of Joash, when the priest Jehoiada held the reins of power - and the princes, councillors and warriors necessary to an independent state, and so often referred to by the prophets before the exile, are altogether lacking.

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  • 19 must on Credner's theory be explained of the invasion of Shishak a century before 1 In the A.V.

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  • All these measures were important and were carefully drawn; but their merits cannot be explained in a biographical notice.

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  • This is to be explained by his regard for legal forms, by his confirmation of the "laws of Edward" and by the support which he received from the church.

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  • Albert and Aquinas agree in declaring that the principle of individuation is to be found in matter, not, however, in matter as a formless substrate but in determinate matter (materia signata), which is explained to mean matter quantitatively determined in certain respects.

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  • To this weakened and terrorized assembly the emperorking explained that he had the right to treat Hungary as a conquered country, but that he was prepared to confirm its constitutional liberties under three conditions: the inaugural diploma was to be in the form signed by Ferdinand I., the crown was to be declared hereditary in the house of Habsburg, and the 31st clause of the Golden Bull, authorizing armed resistance to unconstitutional acts of the sovereign, was to be abrogated.

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  • Malestroit), which the first time explained in a nearly satisfactory manner the revolution of prices which took place in the 16th century.

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  • He foretold the duration of the siege of Troy, and, when the fleet was detained by adverse winds at Aulis, he explained the cause and demanded the sacrifice of Iphigeneia.

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  • The history of the crust of the earth was explained by Lyell as due to a process of slow development, in order to effect which he called in no cataclysmic agencies, no mysterious forces differing from those operating at the present day.

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  • Thus he carried on the narrative of orderly development from the point at which it was left by Kant and Laplace - explaining by reference to the ascertained laws of physics and chemistry the configuration of the earth, its mountains and seas, its igneous and its stratified rocks, just as the astronomers had explained by those same laws the evolution of the sun and planets from diffused gaseous matter of high temperature.

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  • Structures previously inexplicable were now explained as survivals from a past age, no longer useful though once of value.

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  • Thus not only did Darwin's theory give a new basis to the study of organic 'structure, but, whilst rendering the general theory of organic evolution equally acceptable and Effects of necessary, it explained the existence of low and simple forms of life as survivals of the earliest ancestry of theory more highly complex forms, and revealed the classifications of the systematist as unconscious attempts to construct the genealogical tree or pedigree of plants and animals.

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  • The facts of the relationships of animals to one another, which had been treated as the outcome of an inscrutable law by most zoologists and glibly explained by the transcendental morphologists, were amongst the most powerful arguments in support of Darwin's theory, since they, together with all other vital phenomena, received a sufficient explanation through it.

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  • The very cases which are advanced as only to be explained on the Lamarckian assumption are found on examination and experiment to be better explained, or only to be explained, by the Darwinian principle.

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  • Thus the occurrence of blind animals in caves and in the deep sea was a fact which Darwin himself regarded as best explained by the atrophy of the organ of vision in successive generations through the absence of light and 1 Weismann, Vererbung, &c. (1886).

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  • But this instance is really fully explained (as the present writer has shown) by the theory of natural selection acting on congenital fortuitous variations.

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  • At first sight it appears difficult to understand how g PP the complicated series of actions which are definitely exhibited as so-called " instincts " by a variety of animals can have been due to the selection of congenital variations, or can be otherwise explained than by the transmission of habits acquired by the parent as the result of experience, and continuously elaborated and added to in successive generations.

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  • It is, however, to be noted, in the first place, that the imitation of the parent by the young possibly accounts for some part of these complicated actions, and, secondly, that there are cases in which curiously elaborate actions are performed by animals as a characteristic of the species, and as subserving the general advantage of the race or species, which, nevertheless, can not be explained as resulting from the transmission of acquired experience, and must be supposed to be due to the natural selection of a fortuitously developed habit which, like fortuitous.

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  • The formation of black bands is thus explained, and it requires that the plate be introduced upon one particular side, and that the amount of the retardation be adjusted to a particular value.

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  • But there are some features which cannot be so explained, and which have led Professor W.

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  • Bellerophon has been explained as a hero of the storm, of which his conflict with the Chimaera is symbolical.

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  • Upon this supposition it might be explained that book I.

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  • and of this last passage it may be said that all the translatable portions of it can be naturally explained, if it refers to the time when the resistance of the Hasidim, whom the Sadducees had despised and shunned, had won freedom for Israel as a whole, and at no other known period; the fragment, Ps.

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  • Jameson subsequently explained that Rhodes and he in designating " an eminent Dutchman " as president of " the new provincial republic " had had no communication with Meyer on the subject.

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  • To tin cast-iron articles they must be decarburetted superficially by ignition within a bath of ferric oxide (powdered haematite or similar material), then cleaned with acid, and tinned by immersion, as explained above.

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  • He desired to be known as a protector of letters and literary men; and his want of heart or head over the Dictionary dedication, though explained and excused by Croker, none the less inspired the famous change in a famous line - " Toil, envy, want, the patron, and the jail.

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  • They allegorized the Eucharist and explained away the bread and wine of which Jesus said to His apostles, "Take, eat and drink," as mere words of Christ, and denied that we ought to offer bread and wine as a sacrifice.

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  • They explained away baptisms as "words of the Holy Gospel," citing the text "I am the living water."

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  • The parasites, which cling to the intestinal mucous membrane, draw their nourishment from the blood-vessels of their host, and as they are found in hundreds in the body after death, the disorders of digestion, the increasing anaemia and the consequent dropsies and other cachectic symptoms are easily explained.

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  • The retention by women in Europe of the tropical garb can be explained by the fact that her sphere has been mainly confined to the house, and her life has been less active than that of man; consequently the adoption of the arctic dress has been in her case less necessary.

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  • But the garment as explained by Josephus (Ant.

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  • In October he was recalled to England in consequence of some misunderstanding with the admiralty, or the ministry, which has never been explained.

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  • The mechanism of this reaction was explained by A.

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  • It is just a question, however, whether, even in instances such as these, the nutritional failure may not be explained upon the assumption of withdrawal of the local vasomotor control.

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  • The local oedema seen in some nervous affections might be explained on the hypothesis of increased metabolic activity in these areas due to some local nervous stimulation.

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  • Afterwards he modified his hypothesis, and referred the disturbances produced to the "nervous liquor," which he supposed to be a quantity of the "universal elastic matter" diffused through the universe, by which Newton explained the phenomena of light - i.e.

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  • On this system are explained all the phenomena of life and disease.

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  • The symptoms of disease were explained as efforts of the soul to rid itself from morbid influences, the soul acting reasonably with respect to the end of self-preservation.

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  • " similaa similibus curantur,"which he explained as depending on the law that in order to get rid of a disease some remedy must be given which should substitute for the disease an action dynamically similar, but weaker.

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  • His silence on the subject of Roman greatness and glory as contrasted with the prominence of these subjects in the poetry of men of provincial birth such as Ennius, Virgil and Horace, may be explained by the principle that familiarity had made the subject one of less wonder and novelty to him.

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  • The worship of the tulsi plant, or holy basil (Ocymum sanctum, Don), by the Hindus is popularly explained by its consecration to Vishnu and Krishna.

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  • But it was expressly st'.ced in a rubric that the old service of the mass was to proceed without variation of any rite or ceremony until after the priest had received the sacrament, that is, until long after the last of the three occasions for the use of incense explained above.

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  • In 1628 Castelli published a small work, Della misura dell' acque correnti, in which he satisfactorily explained several phenomena in the motion of fluids in rivers and canals; but he committed a great paralogism in supposing the velocity of the water proportional to the depth of the orifice below the surface of the vessel.

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  • Certain classes of names being explained in this way, legitimate and fairly reliable conclusions can be drawn for many others belonging to the same class or group. The proper names of the numerous business documents of the Khammurabi period, when phonetic writing was the fashion, have been of special value in resolving doubts as to the correct reading of names written ideographically.

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  • The identification of the northern and southern Hittites, however, presents certain difficulties not yet fully explained; and it seems that we must assume Heth to have been the name both of a country in the north and of a tribal population not confined to that country.

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  • Haggai and Zechariah explained the delay by the failure of Judah to rebuild II.

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  • 6 a the temple, and so generation after generation the hope of the kingdom persisted, sustained most probably by ever-fresh reinterpretations of ancient prophecy, till in the first half of the 2nd century the delay is explained in the Books of Daniel and Enoch as due not to man's shortcomings but to the counsels of God.

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  • But the inconsistency has in part been explained by Gunkel, who has rightly emphasized that the writer did not freely invent his materials but derived them in the main from tradition, as he held that these mysterious traditions of his people were, if rightly expounded, forecasts of the time to come.

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  • This circumstance is probably explained by the greater care and attention bestowed both on the cultivation of the vine and on the manufacture of the wine in northern countries than in those where the climate is more propitious.

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  • The anomalous position of the stamens in front of the petals is explained by the abortion or non-development of an outer row of stamens, indications of which are sometimes seen on the hypogynous disk encircling the ovary.

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  • The tendril or inflorescence, according to the views above explained, though in reality terminal, is bent to one side; hence it appears to be lateral and opposite to the leaf.

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  • They painted their bodies; the pintaderas, baked clay objects like seals in shape, have been explained by Dr Verneau as having been used solely for painting the body in various colours.

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  • The cause of the spongy deposit is variously explained, some (Siemens and Halske) ascribing it to the existence of a compound of zinc and hydrogen, and others, among whom are G.

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  • The honour paid to her in Delphi and Delos might be explained as part of the cult of her son Apollo; but temples to her existed in Argos; in Mantineia and in Xanthus in Lycia; her sacred grove was on the coast of Crete.

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  • The present article, as explained under Electrochemistry, treats only of those processes in which electricity is applied to the production of chemical reactions or molecular changes at furnace temperatures.

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  • The names of their cities can be explained only by reference to Turkish or Ugrian dialects (Klaproth, Mem.

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  • After discussing the structure of the eye he gives an experiment in which the appearance of the reversed images of outside objects on a piece of paper held in front of a small hole in a darkened room, with their forms and colours, is quite clearly described and explained with a diagram, as an illustration of the phenomena of vision.

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  • Risner, who died in 1580, also in his Opticae (1606) very clearly explained the reversal of the images of the simple camera obscura.

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  • These various forms are perfectly regular if the divine name was Yahweh, and, taken altogether, they cannot be explained on any other hypothesis.

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  • The attack orders for the 2nd of December (drawn up by the Austrian general Weyrother, and explained by him to a council of superior officers, of whom some were hostile, the greater part indifferent, and the chief Russian member, General Kutusov, asleep) gave the five columns and the reserve, into which the Austro-Russian army was organized, the following tasks: the first and second (Russians) to move south-westward behind the Pratzen ridge towards Telnitz and Sokolnitz; the third (Russian) to cross the southern end of the plateau, and come into line on the right of the first two; the fourth (Austrians and Russians under Kolowrat) on the right of the third to advance towards Kobelnitz.

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  • When he wrote the latter work he must have left Royaumont, as he speaks of returning from the funeral of Prince Louis (15th January 1260) "ad nostram domum," a phrase which can hardly be explained otherwise than as referring to his own Dominican house, whether at Beauvais or elsewhere.

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  • Hence the battle has been explained as the necklace myth in epic form.

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  • The causticity of alkaline bodies was explained at that time as depending on the presence in them of the principle of fire, "phlogiston"; quicklime, for instance, was chalk which had taken up phlogiston, and when mild alkalis such as sodium or potassium carbonate were causticized by its aid, the phlogiston was supposed to pass from it to them.

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  • On the other hand the democratic tone which distinguishes Micah from Isaiah, and his announcement of the impending fall of the capital (the deliverance of which from the Assyrian appears to Isaiah as the necessary condition for the preservation of the seed of a new and better kingdom), are explained by the fact that, while Isaiah lived in the centre of affairs, Micah, a provincial prophet, sees the capital and the aristocracy entirely from the side of a man of the oppressed people, and foretells the utter ruin of both.

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  • He explained, corrected or commented till the clock struck nine; then, with the little finger of the right hand brushing from his coat and waistcoat the shower of superfluous snuff which had fallen on them, he pocketed his snuff-box, and resuming his hat, he as silently as when he came in made his exit by the door which I rushed to open for him."

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  • Subsequent sociologists may have conceivably to men's minds were in the theological state, political events, for example, were explained by the will of the gods, and political authority based on divine right.

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  • The facts of history must be explained, not by providential interventions, but by referring them to conditions inherent in the successive stages of social existence.

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  • The public was at first greatly mystified by the nature and object of this poem, which was not merely a chronicle of Tennyson's emotions under bereavement, nor even a statement of his philosophical and religious beliefs, but, as he long afterwards explained, a sort of Divina Commedia, ending with happiness in the marriage of his youngest sister, Cecilia Lushington.

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  • He chose this moment for publishing a Chapter of Autobiography, in which lie explained and justified his change of opinion with regard to the Irish Church.

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  • The existence of evil in opposition to the perfect goodness of God, as thus explained, need not be attributed to God's agency, inasmuch as the whole emanation-process is governed by necessary - as it were mechanical - laws, which may be compared to those of the physical universe.

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  • This traditional conservatism survived in the statement, which, while it caused vehement discussion when the book appeared, was yet not so much characteristic of the man as of the school in which he had been trained, that " in no intelligible sense can any one who denies the supernatural origin of the religion of Christ be termed a Christian," which term, he explained, was used not as " a name of praise," but simply as " a designation of belief."

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  • This difference is probably explained by the fact that the idea of thus modifying the Kagura had its origin in musical recitations from the semi-romantic semi-historical narratives of the 14th century.

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  • This difference is explained by the facts that the state lines having been the pioneers, portions of them were built before experience had indicated cheap methods; that a very large and costly foreign staff was employed on these roads in the early days, whereas no such item appeared in the accounts of private lines; that extensive works for the building of locomotives and rolling stock are connected with the governments roads, and that it fell to the lot of the state to undertake lines in districts presenting exceptional engineering difficulties, such districts being naturally avoided by private companies.

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  • A footnote (1743) explained away the allusion by making it apply to Richard Brome, the disciple of Ben Jonson.

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  • It has already been explained, however, that the biological foundations of the latter doctrine are questionable.

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  • His theological writings roughly fall into four groups: (1) books of spiritual philosophy, including The Divine Love and Wisdom, The Divine Providence, The Intercourse between the Soul and the Body, Conjugial Love; (2) Expository, including Arcana Celestia (giving the spiritual sense of Genesis and Exodus), The Apocalypse Revealed, The Apocalypse Explained; (3) Doctrinal, including The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrines, The Four Chief Doctrines, The Doctrine of Charity, The True Christian Religion, Canons of the New Church; (4) Eschatological, including Heaven and Hell, and The Last Judgment.

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  • The origin of the name and family has not yet been explained.

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  • How his affairs fell into this condition, why he did not die in his own house, and why in the previous summer he had been in hiding, as we know he was from a letter still extant, are points not clearly explained.

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  • Experiment showed, however, that instead of only potash appearing at the negative electrode, hydrogen is also liberated; this is inexplicable by Berzelius's theory, but readily explained by the " hydrogen-acid " theory.

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  • The result is explained only by the dialogue, recorded exclusively in John, which shows the accused and the Roman meeting on the highest levels of the thought and conscience of the time.

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  • The steady dependence of Sparta on the Delphic oracle, for example, is best explained as an observance inherited from Parnassian ancestors.

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  • According to Sir Thomas Fraser nothing else can compete with alcohol as a food in desperate febrile cases, and to this use must be added its antipyretic power already explained and its action as a soporific. During its administration in febrile cases the drug must be most carefully watched, as its action may prove deleterious to the nervous system and the circulation in certain classes of patient.

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  • His compound title is explained by the fact that he inherited the title of count of Olivares, but was created duke of San: Lucar by the favour of Philip IV.

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  • - Since no gas is ideally perfect, it is most important for practical purposes to discuss the deviations of actual gases from the ideal state, and to consider how their properties may be thermodynamically explained and defined.

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  • It could be explained as a contraction of Malachiah, messenger of Yahweh "; but the Septuagint is probably right in not regarding it as a proper name (" by the hand of His messenger ").

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  • Not only do we know nothing from internal or external evidence of the existence of a prophet of this name, 1 but the occurrence of the word in the title is naturally explained as derived from iii.

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  • Its first note is struck by Ennius in his translation of the Sceptl- Sicilian rationalist Euhemerus, who explained the genesis m, of the gods as apotheosized mortals.

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  • The process was usually explained as the result of the action of a spirit, angel or devil, and many unessential formulae, invocations, "calls," written charms with cabbalistic signs, and fumigations, were employed.

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  • In after times the only way in which the discomfiture of the bishops could be explained was by asserting that they had been silenced by fraud or violence.

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  • The use, however, of the Quicumque by Caesarius as a catechism may be explained by the suggestion that it had been taught him in his youth, so that his style had been moulded by it.

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  • Donatus taught him grammar and explained the Latin poets.

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  • The interpretation of the evil omen is explained by an allusion to the bondage of the Israelites in Egypt and their return in the fourth generation (xv.

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  • If this appearance be not fallacious, the obvious relation between the two superscriptions will be best explained by the supposition that the author of Jude gave currency to the existing homily (James) before composing under the pseudonym of Jude.

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  • It was not, however, till 1789 that Belfast obtained the regular communication, which towns of less importance already enjoyed, with Dublin by stage coach, a fact which is to be explained by the badness of the roads and the steepness of the hills between Newry and Belfast.

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  • The principal modern genera are grouped by the differences in the flower - tube just explained.

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  • As to the confusion of Babylonian names - in which, by the way, the Hebrew and Greek authors do not agree - it is explained that the general, Belshazzar, was perhaps more directly known in Palestine than his father the king.

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  • The verbal identities can only be explained in one of the following ways.

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  • Henderson prefers the hypothesis that Lennox had lost Crawford's notes; and that the identities are explained by the "remarkably good memories of Crawford and Mary, or by the more likely supposition that Crawford, before preparing his declaration for the conference" (at Westminster, December 1568) "refreshed his memory by the letter."

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