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excretion

excretion

excretion Sentence Examples

  • Certainly not all cases of renal dropsy show diminution in the excretion of chlorides.

    37
    21
  • During excretion they irritate the kidneys and the sweat-glands, and thereby increase the excretion of urine and of sweat.

    24
    12
  • When these are excited by the settling of an insect on the leaf they slowly bend over and imprison the intruder, which is detained there meanwhile by a sticky excretion poured out by the glands.

    12
    11
  • This, like the excretion of the sundew and other insectivorous plants, contains a digestive ferment (or enzyme) which renders the nitrogenous substances of the body of the insect soluble, and capable of absorption by the leaf.

    11
    3
  • In 1872, Hoppe-Seyler (1825-1895) gave a new beginning to our knowledge of the chemistry of secretion and of excretion; and later students have increased the range of physiological and pathological chemistry by investigations not only into the several stages of albuminoid material and the transitions which all foodstuffs undergo in digestion, but even into the structure of protoplasm itself.

    10
    8
  • Salicylic acid and salicin (q.v.) share the properties common to the group of aromatic acids, which, as a group, are antiseptic without being toxic to man - a property practically unique; are unstable in the body; are antipyretic and analgesic; and diminish the excretion of urea by the kidneys.

    9
    5
  • The essential part of the medicinal treatment of this condition is the administration of iodides, which are able to decompose the insoluble albuminates of lead which have become locked up in the tissues, rapidly causing their degeneration, and to cause the excretion of the poisonous metal by means of the intestine and the kidneys.

    9
    6
  • Stomata are often absent, absorption and excretion of gases in solution being carried on through the epidermal layer.

    8
    5
  • In the case of many Oligochaeta where there is no vascular network surrounding the nephridium, this function must be the chief one of those glands, the more elaborate process of excretion taking place in the case of nephridia surrounded by a rich plexus of blood capillaries.

    8
    5
  • The acetate and the citrate are valuable mild diuretics in Bright's disease and in feverish conditions, and by increasing the amount of urine diminish the pathological fluids in pleuritic effusion, ascites, &c. In tubal nephritis they aid the excretion of fatty casts.

    8
    5
  • This cellular layer is called the hypodermis; it is protected externally by a cuticle, a layer of matter it itself excretes, or in the excretion of which it plays, at any rate, an important part.

    8
    8
  • Schneider, "Einiges fiber Resorption and Excretion bei Amphioxus lanceolatus," Anat.

    8
    8
  • The possession of a variable number of excretory tubes (Malpighian tubes), which are developed as outgrowths of the hind-gut and pour their excretion into the intestine,is also a distinctive character of the Hexapoda.

    7
    4
  • Insects are attracted to the mouth of the pitcher by a series of glands, yielding a sweet excretion, which occurs on the stem and also on the leaf from the base of the leaf-stalk to the lid and peristome.

    7
    6
  • In our conceptions of the later stages of assimilation and of excretion, with the generation of poisons (auto-intoxication) in the intestinal tract, there is still much obscurity and much guess-work; yet in some directions positive knowledge has been gained, partly by the physiologist, partly by the physician himself.

    7
    7
  • This single cavity and its lining serve apparently for all those functions (digestion, excretion, circulation and often reproduction) which in more complex organisms are distributed among various cavities of independent and often very diverse origin.

    6
    3
  • It seems likely that the coelomic pore-canals were originally excretory organs, but in the existing Enteropneusta the pore-canals (especially the collar canals) have, as we have seen, acquired new functions or become vestigial, and the function of excretion is now mainly accomplished by a structure peculiar to the Enteropneusta called the glomerulus, a vascular complex placed on either side of the anterior portion of the stomochord, projecting into the proboscis-coelom.

    6
    6
  • Widal, Lemierre and other French observers have noted a diminution in the excretion of chlorides in nephritis associated with oedema; Widal and Javal found that a chloride-free diet caused diminution in the oedema and a chloride containing diet an increase of oedema.

    6
    6
  • Jalap is a typical hydragogue purgative, causing the excretion of more fluid than scammony, but producing less stimulation of the muscular wall of the bowel.

    6
    6
  • It seems likely that the coelomic pore-canals were originally excretory organs, but in the existing Enteropneusta the pore-canals (especially the collar canals) have, as we have seen, acquired new functions or become vestigial, and the function of excretion is now mainly accomplished by a structure peculiar to the Enteropneusta called the glomerulus, a vascular complex placed on either side of the anterior portion of the stomochord, projecting into the proboscis-coelom.

    6
    6
  • The rapid excretion by the kidneys is one of the cardinal conditions of safety, and also necessitates the very frequent administration of the drug.

    6
    7
  • Cuenot, " Excretion chez les mollusques," Arch.

    6
    13
  • When a fly is captured, the viscid excretion becomes strongly acid and the naturally incurved margins of the leaf curve still further inwards, rendering contact between the insect and the leaf-surface more complete.

    5
    2
  • side being the one chosen for a reason we cannot now fathom; it may be that fixation was facilitated by the presence of the pore on that side, and by the utilization of the excretion from it as a cement.

    5
    2
  • They have appeared independently in connexion with a change in the excretion of nitrogenous waste in Arachnids, Crustacea, and the other classes of Arthropoda when aerial, as opposed to aquatic, respiration has been established - and they have been formed in some cases from the mesenteron, in other cases from the proctodaeum.

    5
    5
  • Further, it is pointed out by Korschelt and Heider that the hinder portion of the gut frequently acts in Arthropoda as an organ of nitrogenous excretion in the absence of any special excretory tubules, and that the production of such caeca from its surface in separate lines of descent does not involve any elaborate or unlikely process of growth.

    5
    5
  • This term is usually applied to a semi-solid substance of homogeneous and gelatinous consistence, which results partly from excretion and partly from degeneration of cellular structures, more particularly of the epithelial type.

    5
    5
  • They contrast with those of the Oligochaeta and Hirudinea by reason of their frequently close association with the gonads, the same organ sometimes serving the two functions of excretion and conveyance of the ova and spermatozoa out of the body.

    5
    6
  • Very rarely, as in the case of silver salts, excretion does not take place; but usually the drug is got rid of by the ordinary channels of elimination.

    4
    4
  • Very rarely, as in the case of silver salts, excretion does not take place; but usually the drug is got rid of by the ordinary channels of elimination.

    4
    4
  • As a rule these organs only extend a short way along the anterior end of the body, a concentration which we may associate with the development of a vascular system I--- to bring the products of excretion to a fixed spot.

    4
    7
  • Thus it is liable to cause a cutaneous erythema in the course of its excretion by the skin; it has a marked diuretic action; and it is a fairly efficient disinfectant of the urinary passages.

    4
    7
  • The inability to enter the cells may be due to the lack of chemotactic bodies, to incapacity to form cellulose-dissolving enzymes, to the existence in the hostcells of antagonistic bodies which neutralize or destroy the acids, enzymes or poisons formed by the hyphae, or even to the formation and excretion of bodies which poison the Fungus.

    3
    6
  • The health of the body depends upon the proper kind and supply of food, upon its proper digestion and absorption, on the proper metabolism or tissue-change in the body, and the proper excretion of waste.

    3
    6
  • When iron is injected directly into a vein it depresses the heart's action, the blood pressure and the nervous system, and during its excretion greatly irritates the bowel and the kidneys.

    2
    4
  • It therefore increases all the secretions, especially those of the skin and kidneys, while it also stimulates the general metabolism of the body and the excretion of nitrogenous products.

    2
    4
  • It therefore increases all the secretions, especially those of the skin and kidneys, while it also stimulates the general metabolism of the body and the excretion of nitrogenous products.

    2
    4
  • All of them injected into the blood in large doses act as muscle and nerve poisons, and during their excretion by the kidney usually irritate it severely, but only a few are absorbed in sufficient amount to produce similar effects when given by the mouth.

    2
    5
  • When the worn-out cells are broken down, the urates are carried dissolved in the blood to the Malpighian tubes for excretion.

    0
    0
  • The " sclerites " that make up the skeleton of the insect (which skeleton, it should be remembered, is entirely external) are composed of this chitinous excretion.

    0
    0
  • As sodium chloride is one of the most permeable of crystalloids it seems strange that damage to the renal tissue should impede its excretion.

    0
    0
  • Toxins may thus become so closely keyed into their corresponding atom groups, as for instance in tetanus, that they are no longer free to combine with the antitoxin; or, again, an antitoxin injected before a toxin may anticipate it and, preventing its mischievous adhesion, dismiss it for excretion.

    0
    0
  • Excretion >>

    0
    0
  • Small insects settle on the leaves and are caught in the viscid excretion.

    0
    0
  • It was not possible to define a clear response curve of PD excretion to purine absorption from that data set.

    0
    0
  • albumin excretion rate.

    0
    0
  • the T allele was associated with higher excretion rates than the C allele.

    0
    0
  • bicarbonate level decreased, blood urea nitrogen level increased and there was an increase in urinary calcium excretion.

    0
    0
  • biliary excretion in unknown forms.

    0
    0
  • Ibandronic acid is eliminated by renal excretion only and does not undergo any biotransformation.

    0
    0
  • citrate excretion may have been important in a small subset of kindreds.

    0
    0
  • creatinine excretion is mmol/L.

    0
    0
  • N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) may increase urinary excretion of zinc.

    0
    0
  • endogenous excretion was also examined.

    0
    0
  • NSAIDs may cause renal insufficiency, which can decrease the renal excretion of baclofen.

    0
    0
  • Response of pd excretion to feed intake Please note: the following procedure for designed for the IAEA project.

    0
    0
  • urinary calcium excretion at extremes of sodium intake in normal man.

    0
    0
  • A variable quantity is involved in biliary excretion in unknown forms.

    0
    0
  • The influence of protein nutrition on the endogenous excretion was also examined.

    0
    0
  • There is a suggestion that uric acid levels fell more, and that uric acid excretion was greater, with benzbromarone.

    0
    0
  • Elliott & Topps [4] further showed the response of allantoin excretion to dietary protein intake in cattle.

    0
    0
  • The primary outcome was the change in albumin excretion rate.

    0
    0
  • The unit of PD excretion and creatinine excretion is mmol/L.

    0
    0
  • PTH levels and urinary citrate excretion may have been important in a small subset of kindreds.

    0
    0
  • The volume of the samples was measured, they were analyzed for fluoride concentration and the 24-hour urinary fluoride excretion was calculated.

    0
    0
  • Urinary sodium excretion in 4-6 year old children: a cause for concern.

    0
    0
  • excretion in the urine.

    0
    0
  • excretion of these metabolites accounted for 45% of the dose administered.

    0
    0
  • excretion of sodium is even greater than that of water.

    0
    0
  • excretion of purine derivatives - an overview of the technical details.

    0
    0
  • excretion of calcium.

    0
    0
  • excretion of acid.

    0
    0
  • excretion by the kidneys.

    0
    0
  • The kidneys are capable of increasing calcium excretion nearly fivefold to maintain homeostatic serum calcium concentrations.

    0
    0
  • The volume of the samples was measured, they were analyzed for fluoride concentration and the 24-hour urinary fluoride excretion was calculated.

    0
    0
  • gout patients have inherited a genetic condition that inhibits the excretion of uric acid.

    0
    0
  • hydroxyproline excretion in postmenopausal women.

    0
    0
  • In the patient group, urinary excretion of 5-HIAA and serotonin was compared with concentrations of plasma indoles.

    0
    0
  • Probenecid can severely inhibit renal excretion of methotrexate, and so is contraindicated.

    0
    0
  • NSAIDs may cause renal insufficiency, which can decrease the renal excretion of baclofen.

    0
    0
  • The desquamation of such cells into the intestinal lumen leads to the excretion of the copper.

    0
    0
  • Excretion: 80% appears in the urine as the major acid metabolite.

    0
    0
  • xanthine oxidase activity in the tissue is thus the key enzyme affecting the production of endogenous PD excretion.

    0
    0
  • probenecid delays the renal excretion of flucloxacillin.

    0
    0
  • As temperature decreases drug metabolism and excretion also decreases thereby prolonging recovery.

    0
    0
  • salicylate excretion and may cause pulmonary edema.

    0
    0
  • sebum excretion.

    0
    0
  • thyroxine deficiencies impair excretion of a free water load.

    0
    0
  • urate excretion.

    0
    0
  • There is a suggestion that uric acid levels fell more, and that uric acid excretion was greater, with benzbromarone.

    0
    0
  • urinary calcium excretion at extremes of sodium intake in normal man.

    0
    0
  • xanthine oxidase activity in the tissue is thus the key enzyme affecting the production of endogenous PD excretion.

    0
    0
  • Insects are attracted to the mouth of the pitcher by a series of glands, yielding a sweet excretion, which occurs on the stem and also on the leaf from the base of the leaf-stalk to the lid and peristome.

    0
    0
  • Once more, the notion that this indeterminate body contains potentially in itself the fundamental contraries - hot, cold, &c. - by the excretion or evolution of which definite substances were generated, is clearly a forecasting of that antithesis of potentiality and actuality which from Aristotle downwards has been made the basis of so many theories of development.

    0
    0
  • usually situated on foliage leaves, for the excretion of water in liquid form when transpiration is diminished so that the pressure in the water-channels of the plant has come to exceed a certain limit.

    0
    0
  • When these are excited by the settling of an insect on the leaf they slowly bend over and imprison the intruder, which is detained there meanwhile by a sticky excretion poured out by the glands.

    0
    0
  • The inability to enter the cells may be due to the lack of chemotactic bodies, to incapacity to form cellulose-dissolving enzymes, to the existence in the hostcells of antagonistic bodies which neutralize or destroy the acids, enzymes or poisons formed by the hyphae, or even to the formation and excretion of bodies which poison the Fungus.

    0
    0
  • Stomata are often absent, absorption and excretion of gases in solution being carried on through the epidermal layer.

    0
    0
  • The function of nitrogenous excretion was not therefore a necessary part of the view - though it may be pointed out that there are grounds for believing that the gonad ducts are to some extent also organs of excretion (see below).

    0
    0
  • In the case of many Oligochaeta where there is no vascular network surrounding the nephridium, this function must be the chief one of those glands, the more elaborate process of excretion taking place in the case of nephridia surrounded by a rich plexus of blood capillaries.

    0
    0
  • They contrast with those of the Oligochaeta and Hirudinea by reason of their frequently close association with the gonads, the same organ sometimes serving the two functions of excretion and conveyance of the ova and spermatozoa out of the body.

    0
    0
  • The possession of a variable number of excretory tubes (Malpighian tubes), which are developed as outgrowths of the hind-gut and pour their excretion into the intestine,is also a distinctive character of the Hexapoda.

    0
    0
  • When the worn-out cells are broken down, the urates are carried dissolved in the blood to the Malpighian tubes for excretion.

    0
    0
  • This cellular layer is called the hypodermis; it is protected externally by a cuticle, a layer of matter it itself excretes, or in the excretion of which it plays, at any rate, an important part.

    0
    0
  • The " sclerites " that make up the skeleton of the insect (which skeleton, it should be remembered, is entirely external) are composed of this chitinous excretion.

    0
    0
  • As a rule these organs only extend a short way along the anterior end of the body, a concentration which we may associate with the development of a vascular system I--- to bring the products of excretion to a fixed spot.

    0
    0
  • Salicylic acid and salicin (q.v.) share the properties common to the group of aromatic acids, which, as a group, are antiseptic without being toxic to man - a property practically unique; are unstable in the body; are antipyretic and analgesic; and diminish the excretion of urea by the kidneys.

    0
    0
  • The rapid excretion by the kidneys is one of the cardinal conditions of safety, and also necessitates the very frequent administration of the drug.

    0
    0
  • They have appeared independently in connexion with a change in the excretion of nitrogenous waste in Arachnids, Crustacea, and the other classes of Arthropoda when aerial, as opposed to aquatic, respiration has been established - and they have been formed in some cases from the mesenteron, in other cases from the proctodaeum.

    0
    0
  • Further, it is pointed out by Korschelt and Heider that the hinder portion of the gut frequently acts in Arthropoda as an organ of nitrogenous excretion in the absence of any special excretory tubules, and that the production of such caeca from its surface in separate lines of descent does not involve any elaborate or unlikely process of growth.

    0
    0
  • This term is usually applied to a semi-solid substance of homogeneous and gelatinous consistence, which results partly from excretion and partly from degeneration of cellular structures, more particularly of the epithelial type.

    0
    0
  • Widal, Lemierre and other French observers have noted a diminution in the excretion of chlorides in nephritis associated with oedema; Widal and Javal found that a chloride-free diet caused diminution in the oedema and a chloride containing diet an increase of oedema.

    0
    0
  • Certainly not all cases of renal dropsy show diminution in the excretion of chlorides.

    0
    0
  • As sodium chloride is one of the most permeable of crystalloids it seems strange that damage to the renal tissue should impede its excretion.

    0
    0
  • Cushny has shown experimentally that slowing of the blood-flow through renal tissue causes less sodium chloride to appear in the urine while the excretion of urea and sulphates remains unaffected; apparently the chloride, being more permeable, is reabsorbed and so only appears to be excreted in less quantity.

    0
    0
  • In 1872, Hoppe-Seyler (1825-1895) gave a new beginning to our knowledge of the chemistry of secretion and of excretion; and later students have increased the range of physiological and pathological chemistry by investigations not only into the several stages of albuminoid material and the transitions which all foodstuffs undergo in digestion, but even into the structure of protoplasm itself.

    0
    0
  • As a part of these discoveries has arisen another but kindred doctrine that of hormones (Starling), juices prepared, not for excretion, not even for partial excretion, but for the fulfilment of physiological equilibrium.

    0
    0
  • Toxins may thus become so closely keyed into their corresponding atom groups, as for instance in tetanus, that they are no longer free to combine with the antitoxin; or, again, an antitoxin injected before a toxin may anticipate it and, preventing its mischievous adhesion, dismiss it for excretion.

    0
    0
  • In our conceptions of the later stages of assimilation and of excretion, with the generation of poisons (auto-intoxication) in the intestinal tract, there is still much obscurity and much guess-work; yet in some directions positive knowledge has been gained, partly by the physiologist, partly by the physician himself.

    0
    0
  • Jalap is a typical hydragogue purgative, causing the excretion of more fluid than scammony, but producing less stimulation of the muscular wall of the bowel.

    0
    0
  • Thus it is liable to cause a cutaneous erythema in the course of its excretion by the skin; it has a marked diuretic action; and it is a fairly efficient disinfectant of the urinary passages.

    0
    0
  • The acetate and the citrate are valuable mild diuretics in Bright's disease and in feverish conditions, and by increasing the amount of urine diminish the pathological fluids in pleuritic effusion, ascites, &c. In tubal nephritis they aid the excretion of fatty casts.

    0
    0
  • The essential part of the medicinal treatment of this condition is the administration of iodides, which are able to decompose the insoluble albuminates of lead which have become locked up in the tissues, rapidly causing their degeneration, and to cause the excretion of the poisonous metal by means of the intestine and the kidneys.

    0
    0
  • Cuenot, " Excretion chez les mollusques," Arch.

    0
    0
  • Schneider, "Einiges fiber Resorption and Excretion bei Amphioxus lanceolatus," Anat.

    0
    0
  • Small insects settle on the leaves and are caught in the viscid excretion.

    0
    0
  • This, like the excretion of the sundew and other insectivorous plants, contains a digestive ferment (or enzyme) which renders the nitrogenous substances of the body of the insect soluble, and capable of absorption by the leaf.

    0
    0
  • When a fly is captured, the viscid excretion becomes strongly acid and the naturally incurved margins of the leaf curve still further inwards, rendering contact between the insect and the leaf-surface more complete.

    0
    0
  • The health of the body depends upon the proper kind and supply of food, upon its proper digestion and absorption, on the proper metabolism or tissue-change in the body, and the proper excretion of waste.

    0
    0
  • This single cavity and its lining serve apparently for all those functions (digestion, excretion, circulation and often reproduction) which in more complex organisms are distributed among various cavities of independent and often very diverse origin.

    0
    0
  • side being the one chosen for a reason we cannot now fathom; it may be that fixation was facilitated by the presence of the pore on that side, and by the utilization of the excretion from it as a cement.

    0
    0
  • All of them injected into the blood in large doses act as muscle and nerve poisons, and during their excretion by the kidney usually irritate it severely, but only a few are absorbed in sufficient amount to produce similar effects when given by the mouth.

    0
    0
  • When iron is injected directly into a vein it depresses the heart's action, the blood pressure and the nervous system, and during its excretion greatly irritates the bowel and the kidneys.

    0
    0
  • During excretion they irritate the kidneys and the sweat-glands, and thereby increase the excretion of urine and of sweat.

    0
    0
  • The response curve of PD excretion vs purine absorbed is linear.

    0
    0
  • Forced diuresis should not be used since it does not enhance salicylate excretion and may cause pulmonary edema.

    0
    0
  • The main reason why acne appears in adolescence seems to be changes in hormonal status which drive sebum excretion.

    0
    0
  • Anterior pituitary hormone deficiency: renders results meaningless as, in particular, steroid and thyroxine deficiencies impair excretion of a free water load.

    0
    0
  • These drugs act by increasing sodium excretion in the proximal convoluted tubule of the nephron (8).

    0
    0
  • Lead and uric acid Clinical bottom line Chronic low level lead exposure may inhibit urate excretion.

    0
    0
  • Diuretics aid the excretion of water and salts and help remove excess fluid from tissues.

    0
    0
  • Meconium ileus is a disorder that occurs in newborns in which the meconium, the neonate's first fecal excretion after birth, is abnormally thick and stringy, rather than the collection of mucus and bile that is normally passed.

    0
    0
  • Small, dark-brown specks of lice excretion may be visible on underwear.

    0
    0
  • Magnesium deficiency is often related to factors that inhibit absorption or increase its excretion from the body.

    0
    0
  • It is possible, with the increased excretion of water and the accelerated metabolism of fat, to induce a state of hypokalemia, lack of potassium in the blood.

    0
    0
  • In addition to fat loss, you will lose water weight as your body increases its excretion of fluids.

    0
    0
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